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1 f We mton X 1 Democrat. : r i - - 1 EKLY , Jj. G. GOULD, Pabiishv; y-'i " -' ? ? k ... .Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, tad the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annum, in Advance, ' - . i. M . , . I . i ' ' ' i . -t ... .-- '' . ' ' EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 15, 1872. . WHOLE NUMBER 277. Apple-Blossoms. BY WILL. M. CARLETON. an apple-tree. Sat a maiden, and a lover; And the thoughts within her, he , Yearned, in secret, to discover. ' Round them danoed the ana beams bright; Green the grass-lawn stretched before ' them. Wbile the apnle-blotsonu white Han in rich profusion o'er them. Kought within er eyes he read. That would tell her tale onto him: While her eyes (he after said). Quivered quickly through and through him ; Till at last hie heart burst free From the prayer with which 'twas laden. And he said. "When wilt thou be Mine forevermore. lair maiden 1" ' When.' said she. the breesq of May With white flakes our beads shall cover, I will be thy brideling gay Thou shalt be my husband-lover." How," said he. in sorrow bowed, " Can I hope such hopeful weather ? Breeze of May and winter's cloud Do not often fly together." Swiftly, as the words he said. From the West a breexe came sighing. And on each uncovered head. ' Sent the apple-blossoms flying. "Flakes of whiter thou'rt mine," said ho. ' Sooner than thy wish or knowing I" " Nay. I heard the breexe," quoth she. " When in yonder forest blowing 1" AN OLD STORY AGAIN TOLD. The Murder of Parkman by Dr. Webster —The Most Extraordinary Murder of the Nineteenth Century. From the New York Dispatch. ' "On the morning ot Ihe 24th of Nevem- "' "ber. 1849, information was given to the police of Boston, Mass.,. that- Dr. Park man, one of the most wealthy and in- .. -fluentta men in the city, had left home on- the preceding day with the intention of returning to dinner, and- had not been, ween or beard of since.' He had An interview at an early hour with 'a stranger, whose name he did not men- " : tion to his family, and with whom he made an appointment for half-past 1. -, H9 then went out, and at a-quarter to 2 purchased some lettuces, which he left . at a shop near the Medical College, say ing that he would call for them in a few .minutes, on his way home. He did not return, however, nor was he ever again seen alive. i'"' ' The absence-of an elderly, domestica ted gentleman for-so irs would excite sur prise and an lie toy -; TtnU in the case of Dr. Parkman these .'feelings were in creased by his ' invariable punctuality, and hia well-known precise and. meth " odical habit. - - Tfaere was nothing ' known in his whole life that would fa vor the idea of' voluntary absence, nor was he known to haveany enemies, or to have any diBpate or quarrel with any one. - Two days paesed from tie time whan he was last seen without any : discovery ' being made, 6r ary information what . ever received concerning him. Rewards were publicly o flared -for information,' "the harbor and river were dragged.and the yards, and cellars of houses near the place where he was last eeen were searched by the police. On the atternoon of the second 'day, " however, the Rev. Samuel Parkman, the bi other of the missing man, received a visit from Dr. Webster, professor of chemistry at Harvard College, from whom he received the information that it was he who had called on Dr. Park' man on the ' morning of the 23d, and " that he saw him again at the Medical " College, and paid bun some money. In consequence of this information the Medical College was searched, but without any discovery being made. The - examination of Dr. Parkman's accounts a fcbowed, however, that he . had lent 5 money to Dr. Webster on ' several occa- sions, and that the payments had been irregular and uhpunetual.. Four hun- - dred dollars Had been advanced in 1841:, and remained unpaid five years later, when a further 'advance of $2,000 was made on the security of the Professor's personal property, including a valuable - cabinet or minerals. - mere was a con siderable balance of this loan still un liquidated in 1849, when Dr. Webster sold t? a brother-in-law of Dr. Parkman . the cabinet of minerals which was under mortgage to the latter. This so incensed Dr. Parkman that he expressed an intention of press ing hia claim upon Dr. Webster, but " consented to wait, on receiving the hit ler's p: omise to discharge the debt out - of the proceeds of a course of lectures at the Medical - College. But the Pro fessor was again . guilty of a breach of faith.-,-lie applied the promised funds to the payment of another debt, and Dr. Parkman thereupon threatened to " sue him, to seize the furniture, and to deprive him of his Professorship. This was the state of the relations be tween the two men at the time of Parkman's disappearance. The exam ination of the missing man's accounts led to the discovery, by a gentleman who was well acquainted with the state of Dr. Webster's pecuniary affairs, that the only available funds of the latter, at - the time of his creditor's disappearance, had been devoted to the payment of another debt ; and, consequently, that hia statement that be bad paid W. Parkman could not be true. But though it began to be said that, if the missing man was ever discovered, his corpse would be found in the Medi cal College, nothing was observed in the movements or manners of any one " connected with that institution to give a tangible shape to the growing sus picion. Dr.-- Webster returned home later than usual during the week fol- lowing Parkman's disappearance; but he mingled as usual in the society' of Cambridge, and conversed freely about the event which was the talk of every circle. One individual alone seems to have suspected from the first that Dr. Web ster was responsible for Parkman's dis appearance, and was day by day accu mulating evidence against him, which, however, he did not communicate, any one.' This was Ephraim Littlefield, the porter of the Medical College, who had charge of the building,and occupied apartments in tbe basement, ue re membered that on the -day Parkman disappeared, the Professor, instead leaving the college as soon as his lec ture was concluded, as was his custom, . remained until late in the evening, shut . up in the laboratory ; and that, though ' thre were no classes on Saturday and Monday, and during the following week none after Tuesday, owing to the occur rence of a religious festival, Dr. Web- to of Bter had passed the greater part of every day, including even Sunday, till late 4 in a'awa,,, ir in 4tA lalurtnpv honra in the'evening, in the laboratory, which he had never been known to do before. It was still more remarkable that, though he had directed the servants not to light fires in his rooms on those days, fire3 of more than ordinary size and intensity had been burning every day, whioh the Professor must have laid and lighted himself. The doors were kept locked, and tne Key ot one, wmcn led to a sink attached to the laboratory, was carried away every evening by Dr. Webster.'-: Saturday was the usual day for cleaning and dusting the apartments. but the Professor had locked the doors, and spoken to the servants through the key-hale, .desiring them to go away. Iiittleheld had accidentia overheard Parkman on . one occasion charge the Professor with fraud and threaten legal proceedings; and he remembered that on the' samsT day, the Professor asked him how access was had to the vault be low the School of Anatomy, into which the human remains from the dissecting table were cast, and whether a light would burn - there. Littlefield replied to the latter query in the negative, add ing that he had recently hung the head of a negro to macerate, but the cord rot ted and the skull fell, and the foul air extinguished the lamp when he tried to recover it, Un tne dajr Deiore r aritman disap peared, Dp. Webster had asked the por ter to procure him ajar of human blood from the hospital, saying that he re quired it -for experiments in the lecture of the following day ; but as none of the patients were Med on that day, he was unable to procure it. ne naa a mis giving that- this blood might have been intended to account for any stains, of blood thai 'might have been discovered in the laboratory when it was visited by the detectives. He remembered, too, that he had seen a heavv hammer in Dr. Webster's room on the day Parkman disappeared, and that, though missed from its ac customed place in another apartment, it had not been seen since. On the same day, at the time for extinguishing the fires and clearing up the laboratory, be found all the Professor's rooms locked, and oould get no reply from withiD, though he heard some' one moving about, and water running from tbe tan over tne sinK. lbe doors bad been locked, too, when lit. w eoster left, contrary to his usual custom, which was to leave them open. .Remembering all these things, Ephraim Littlefield suspected that Dr. Webster had murdered Parkman and disposed of the corpse in the college. The only . place which had not been searched by tbo polioe was the vault, and-the Professor hadi since the day on which Parkman disappeared, kept the key of the door leading1 to it in his had became so strong that he did not hesitate. to make an opening in the outer wall, creep under the floors upon his hands and knees unt'l he reached the wall of the vault, and make aperture therein large enough to admit his head and one arm. He tben saw, bv the glimmering light ot a lantern, thigh and the lower portion of the trunk of a human being lying upon the ground. It was on tne evening ot ine iourtn dav after Parkman's disappearance that this horrible discovery was made. Jjit- tlefield immediately communicated with the relatives of the missing man and some of the professors, and these, accompanied bv an officer ot police, de scended into tne vault and raised there from the ghastly remnantsywhich there was -too mucb reason iq believe were those of Dr. Parkman, A warrant was immediately issued for the arrest of Dr. Webster; but the officer who executed it merely informed bim that the search at the college was to renewed, and that his presence at the time was thought desirable, i be pro fessor accompanied them without be traying the slightest uneasiness or re luctance, and it was not until the vehi cle in which they rode stopped at the citv iail that he was informed that was a prisoner. lie seemed to be strucK immediately with horror and despair. He neither protested his innocence nor acknowl edged bis guilt, but begged that family might be informed of his posi tion, and then tell into a state ot phys ical and mental prostration painful witness. He asked, in a gasping tone, for water, but he could not swallow, and his hand shook so that he' spilled the water and dropped the glass Upon the floor. On the following day the upper por tion of the trunk was found, imbedded in tan, in an old tea chest, so packed as to appear to contain only-mineralogy ical specimens; and this chest prov d to have been brought by carrier from lr. webBter s residence Cambridge, together with a"tack of A large and sharp Knife, stained with blood, and a butcher's saw, were louna in the tan; and on the left breast was perforation such as a knife would made, a pair or overalls, stainea. blood, were found in a press in same room. Among tbe ashes ot ; assay furnace were found fragments calcined bones, a mother-of-pcarl button, and some minute .particles gold, Not only did the remains correspond -vith the height and proportions of missing man, but some fragments a lower jaw were marked by the pecu liar formfor which that of Dr. Parkman waa. remarkable. - He 'wore false mounted in gold, and the teeth found, with portions of bone adhering to them, owing to the skull having been before it was cast into ..the were recoanizad by- a' dentist as which he had made for Dr. Parkman, which he had repaired only a fornight before. Before the magistrates the -accused displayed unexpected calmness, but offered no explanation of the horrible circumstances relied upon by the ecution. When brought to trial in toll wing March, he pleaded "JNot ty," and his calmness, never . forsook b;m during the twelve days over ine trial was protracted. When victed and sentenced to death he I tested his innocence, and declared him self the victim of a secret conspiracy. . A ri - -i C 1 1 P Alter cfc w II L ui tsrrvr uu n ui form had been tried, and petitions for a new trial considered and rejected, the prisoner confessed bis guut, but peti tioned for pardon, on the ground that 'the provocation" he had received from Dr. Parkman reduced the offense to manslaughter. It did not appear, how ever, that he had received any provoca tion beyond being dunned lor payment of his debt and threatened with legal proceedings; and the State Committee of Pardons rejected bis petition. It appears from the contession tnat the fatal blow was given with the ham mer, which crushed in. the skull. The murderer then dragged the body of his victim into another room, stripped it, and burned the clothes. He then part ly lifted, and partly dragged the body upon the sink, and dismembered it with tne kmtev Keeping tne water -running from the tap to .wash away the blood, f The head he carried into tne laboratory, and consumed it in the stove. He then divided the trunk, and covered both portions with a strong alkaline solution, which he hoped would destroy - the flesh. But in this he was disappointed, and on the following day he burned the hands and the feet, and threw the bulkier remnants into the vault, from which he subsequently raised portions with a hook as the horrible process of burning them went Blowly on. The rest of tne ghastly story is told by the observations of Littlefield, who received the $10,000 reward offered for the discovery of the body, lne; Gov ernor of Massachusetts saw - no reason to interpose between the murderer and the -law, and on -the 30th- of .August. I860, tbe High ' Sheriff ot .Boston in dorsed on the warrant for. Webster's execution that "on that day, between tbe hours of 9 and 10 in the forenoon, within the yard of the prison, and in presence of tne public omcers and twelve other citizens summoned to be witnesses of the fact, John W. Webster, convicted of the murder of Dr. Park man, was hanged by the neck until he was dead." Current Items. a be he bis to the at a have who the tne of shirt ot the of teeth cleft There", axe. 43.000 Scandinavians in Chicago. Term thousand men are employed on the great Mississippi; bridge at St JjOUIS. -: Ohio produced 31,000,000 pounds of cheese and 43,000,000 pounds of butter in 1871. The Western Union . Telegraph Com pany will use 15,000 miles of wire this year. ... A boot-black went all the way from San Francisco.to visit the Boston Jubi lee. - . . Washington is to have a society pa- Eer called'the Afati. It is to be edited y a female Mrs. Barnard. The English now exceed the Irish emigration to this country. The emi gration hither lrom the united king dom last year was as follews : English, 71,926 ; Irish, 62,591 ; Scotch, 13,271. If rum were a civilLaer, benighted Africa would be in a fair way. Within the last six months there have been sent to that benighted country 439,500 gallons of Medford rum from the port of Boston alone. ! Thb oak chair used during the recent commencement exercises at Bowdoir College, Brunswick, Me.,- was brought from England, probably in 1635, ' when Daniel and Thomas Dennis, the . first emigrants of the Dennis family, of Ips wich, Essex county, Mass., came over, Tag travelers in a balloon which re cently started from Boston say that the bottom of the sea .in shoal places a as distinctly vis-ble to them while passing over the sea, and the abundant growth ot sea weed. caused tne vessels to appear as u sailing ih a ueiu in grass. . - ;- . Son B of the cities of the South are wise. ine municipal autnoritiea oi Borne, Ga., have just- passed an ordi nance exempting from city taxation, for ten years, all machinery- propelled by steam or water power. Manufactories will grow wonderfully in such a sou. Summer travel this year exceeds all that has preceded it, especially at the sea-side and among tiie mountains. There are at least 5,000 people daily moving among the White Mountains or at the hotels, while even more at tne sea-side than upon tbe mountains is just now witnessed the rush of pleasure- seeKers. How Prof. Stearns, of Amherst, re ceived the news of the victory of his college crew : When the first telegram reached Amherst giving news -of, the victory of their boys at the regatta, some one, "elated with the result, began to ring tbe college bell. President Stearns soon made his appearance and wanted to know what was going on. They've won," was the response " Who 7 what ?" said he. " Why, our crew at Springheld. " Then ring,' shouted the now excited President ring it till it cracks." Gnats infest the Upper Sacramento Valley in California this season to sucb a degree that men are obliged to veiled lor protection against them The people actually suffer from the plague. The New York Commercial Advertiser says that the Island of.Anticosti, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, is to be purchased bv several Chicago, Montreal, and Que bec capitalists,- with a capital $2,000,000. " "They propose lo colonize with emigrants from Norway and Swe den, and go into tbe raising ot North em cereals wheat, barley, and pota toes. Curious. and he pros the Creeping plants are attracted by cer tain species ot cambers growing near them, and repelled by others. It been observed, in tropical forests, tha tbe climbing vines seem to prefer cer tain kinds of trees, and go far out their way to reach them, at the same time avoiding other trees much nearer, and apparently more couvenient. which con pro- Mr. Petkr Cox, a sprightly youth 101 summers, was married in Brooklyn, last week, to Miss Lucy Green, a gush 1 ing damsel of 60. Both colored. The Misfortunes of a Base Baller. [Illustrated by D. Scattergood.] "A FLY CATCH." At school he begins to practii e that accomplishment known as a "catch on the fly." The results, are unfortunate for the fly in the present and equally so for the "catcher" in the future. "A FOUL BALL." Arriving near man's estate lie seeks pleasure in another technicality of the game, known as a " foul ball." It may be said that from this time .forward his M w up. "HIS FIRST INN-ING." Not to be outdone by his other com rades, be makes his Jirst inn-ing. A.l seems very well and he wonders why he never played the game before.. . ; .' ; "HIS LAST INN-ING." He does not present so favorable or enviable appearanoe as formerly. He has pursued the game too long, and his run from the first to the last inn-ing has been easy and rapid. "MAKING HIS HOME-RUN." This is easilv donel . A series of inn- inas such as he has experienced will al ways insure to the candidate the power I of making his home-run on the last round of the game. Personal. go of it has of of Gen. Sherman will return to America in September. Gratz Brown is ruralizing in Ken tucky. Mr. S. R. Motts has just shuffled off this mortal coil at Syracuse, N.' Y., aged 114 years. He w?s the oldest they had. His father lived to be 129. Ole Bull's income from his fidddle is $15,000 a year. John B. Gouqh is at home, in Boyl- ston, Mass., writing a new lecture, Horn and Tben." Charlotte Cushman is reported to have earned $55,000 last year, by her prolessum as reader ana actress. Ex -Gov. Leonard J. Farwell, of Wis consin, burned ut in Chieago, has set tled in Grant City. Mo., where he could bring up his boys to practical work, printers and stock-farmeis, their tastes inclining that way. Old John Hahper, owner of Longfel low, never heard of the poet of that name. Thought the horse was so called because of his length. Thinks now the author ot " Jiivangeline" was named al ter tbe horse. ' Private letters from Mr. Jefferson, the actor, state that his recovery has not been as rapid as the newspapers are good enough to make it. Mis sight is still feeble, and he suffers from severe pain in the eyes. He will be compelled to wear glasses until he begins his en gagements next season. His eyes are, however, steadily improving, and the danger of his losing his sight is passed. Tennyson is an inveterate smoker, And, moreover, he smokes Virginia tobacco in a clay pipe. But he never uses a pipe the second time. When smokes out the bowl of tobacco he breaks the pipe and fills . a new bowl. talking all the while, if he has any one to talk to. Bu he'keepa a great variety of pipes for .his visitors. His working "den" is at the top of the house. Thith er he repairs after breakfast, and, in the midst of a sea of books on shelves, ta bles, chairs and floor, toils away until he is fatigued. These hours of labor are as absolutely sacred as were Kich- ter's ; no human being, unless upon an errand of lite or death, (s allowed to irj 1 trude upon him then Foreign Gossip. Encland's 12.000.000 hares and rab bits exclude 3,000,000 sheep which might otherwise be kept. Dr. Dollinger, in his Munich lec tures, calls Luther the greatest genius Germany ever produced. The fire department of the city of Florence, Italy, consists of ten men. three of whom are employed with pipes, four with buckets, and three with small brass fire extinguishers. England consumed in 1871 a hundred and twenty-three million pounds of tea. Quantity of roast beef cannot be computed. The Princess Mathilde's hotel in Paris has just been sold for 64,000. The Princess Imperial of Germanv. Queen "Victoria's oldest daughter, has seven children, three of whom are sons. Gustav Dork is said to be in despair at the thought of Miss NHsson's mar riage to M. Kouzeaud. in fact he is a living picture ot desolation. The poor man takes it sorely to heart. Owing to a larger area of soil now under tea cultivation in Japan, it is said that five times as much tea will be offered to the market than was fire years ago, notwithstanding the severe winter that has been experienced this year. The Prince Imperial of France, who has obtained the Queen's permission to become a student at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, will join at the beginning of the next term for the usual course ot instruction. The King of Bavaria, in answer to an inquiry made by the ex-Emperor Napo leon, whether he might go this summer to a Bavarian watering-place for the benefit of his health, has replied that the popular feeling against Napoleon was too strong in Bavaria to render his appearance in that country desirable. The British Government .has ordered the withdrawal of the crown and half- crown pieces. 1 hese contain four grains of gold to the Trey pound, a quantity whicb could not be extracted when the coins were struck, because the processes men in use were not ueucate enougn. Now silver containing two grains of gold to ; the pound can be profitably treated. It is said there are in Russia no less than fifty million acres of lands which will yield 5,000 tons of phosphate of lime to the aore. This contains twenty per cent of phosphoric acid. The de cay of the guano trade is evidently des tined to have little ettect upon the agriculture of the world, for that ma nure will be replaced by artificially pre pared phosphates. The King of Siain has sent his "royal brother," Amadeus of Spain, a " white elephant." ' Considering that Amadeus has on his hands at present an elephant of quite another color, and of the most astonishing proportions, which he can neither coax nor drive, we think this last present a little too much of a good thing, and as a consequence rather more embarrassing than otherwise. One elephant on a man's hands at a time is surely enough. A . correspondent of a Vienna paper recently saw the ex-Prince Imperial of r ranee at Chiselhurst, and gives the following description of him:' "An overgrown boy with a pleasant lace, dreamy but meaningless eyes, manners not very graceful, and a smile which reminds you of that cold, freezing smile which his father, the ex- H.mperor, would put on when he wanted . to make him self, amiable. The Prince's forehead is low, and shows that his intellectual capacity cannot be very great His teachers are said to be much dissatisfied with the slow progress he makes in his studies." . A Steam Canal Boat. Stanley is the inventor, and his design is about as follows : He pro poses to run a train ot lour boats or more with two power-boats, one in front and one in the rear, each power-boat to carry two hundred and ten tons of freight beside the machinery. The two intermediate boats, in which every square toot ot surlace can be made available, will carry two hundred and forty tons each, making a total of nine hundred tons ot weight for the train. ' The machinery of the power boats is extremely simple and seems well adapted to the purpose. 1 he lead ing boat has two screws in the bow, which displace the water as the boat advances and throw itbacB: along the. sides and under the boats, thus Keeping the wa ter higher about the boats than . before or alter. Ibis was demonstrated by the models which have been exhibted here bv Mr. Stanley. The. models con sist of two boats representing tha first and last the power-boats ot tbe tram, it was shown that if tbe rear boat rested the bottom of the canal, when the water from the boat screws reached the point of adhesion the boat would float and move freely, and it was also observed that no power was lost in dis placing the water, as the act of dis placing drew tbe boat forward. The rear boat has two screws in tne stern, so arranged as to draw the water in from the sides of the boat and dis charge it directly aft. The screws are of a peculiar construction, which admits of their being used with equal advan tage at the bow ot tbe boat, lne in ventor states that the boats may be run uron the canal at anv degree of speed without" producing the slightest swell either in advance or in the i ear of the train, and experiments made with the models, which, with a trough in which thev were worked, were exactly in pro portion to the size ot the canal and boats which it is prosposed to build, Buffalo Express. The Jesuit monastery on the Lake of Laach has been disposed of to a private proprietor. The transaction marks the first move in the tactics adopted by the proscribed order to meet the onensive bill. The obiect is to divest the order of its corporative and organized charac ter, and to convert tbe members into private individuals whom the executive power cannottouch under the provisions ot tbe new law. Something to boot An impertinfipfc 1 dun. A Mineral Wonder in California. The Hon. T. Guy Phelps presented to the committee of one hundred, at a re cent meeting, a splendid specimen of I almost pure iron ore, which he repre sented as being taken from an iron mountain as large, and the iron as pure as that of the famous Iron Mountain of I Missouri.- Although Mr. Phelps de clined to give the exact location of the deposit, he intimated that it was on the line of the contemplated - Atlantic and Pacific road, and near enough to be utilized in- the city of San Irancisco. Should coal also be discovered in the vicinity, there might be a second Pitts burgh grow up on tbe Pacific Slope. Truly wonderful are the developments being constantly made on this side of the continent. The iron interest is of the utmost extent and importance. The annual value of iron manufactured in the United States is $900,000,000, and the wages, of labor engaged, upon it exceed X 6Uauuu,lHK). The number of workmen employed is 940,000. Cal culating to the employe and his family the consumption ot agricultural pro ducts, it exceeds three times the value of all the breadstuff's and grain we send abroad. A further calculation makes it appear that one-tenth of the entire population of the United States is de pendent upon the production and man ufacture of iron for support. The American Desert. From Mr. C. H. Dorot we learn of the death in the Colorado Desert of Mr. William Kirk, formerly a resident of this city, under the most melancholy circumstances.' Mr. Kirk, in company with a gentleman whose name we did not learn, started a few days since from Mountain Springs, with- a view of crosn ing the desert to -the Colorado river, a distance of forty-five miles. They had but a small canteen of water with them. which was exhausted before reaching I their destination: Mr. itirk's com panion being possessed of the greater endurance, proceeded for the purpose ot allaying his own thirst and procur ing ' water to allay Mr. Kirk's thirst likewise. Reaching the . river ' and quenching his thirst, he at once re turned with water for Mr. Kirk, whose body he found five miles off, where he had evently'died from exhaustion. On the same day the body of a German was also found on the same road,- but be tween Ivannah and the river. . He is supposed to have perished from the same cause. Lot Angeles (CaL) Herald. Wonders. Lewinbeck tells us of an insect seen with a microscope, of which twenty- seven millions would only equal a mite. Insects ot various kinds ntay be seen in the cavities ot a grain of sand. Mold is a forest ot beautiful trees. with branches, leaves and fruit. Butterflies are fully feathered. Hairs are hollow tube?. The surface of our bodies is covered with scales, like a fish ; a single gratn of sand would cover one hundred and fifty of these scales, and yet a scale covers five hundred pores. Through these nar row openings the perspiration forces itself, like water through a sieve. 1 he mites take five hundred steps a second. Each drop of stagnant water contains a world of animated beings, swimming with as much liberty as .whales in the sea. Each leaf has a colony of insects grazing on it, like cows in a meadow. Moral. Have some care as to tbe air you breathe, the food you eat, and the water you drink. The Cow Tree. Among the many curious phenomena which presented themselves to me in the course oi my travels," says Hum boldt, " I confess there were few by which my imagination was so power fully affected as by tbe cow" tree. Un the parched side ot a rock on tbe moun tains of Venezuela, grows a tree with dry and leathery foliage, its large woody roots scarcely penetrating into the ground. or several months in the year its leaves are not moistened by a shower ; its branches look as if dead and withered; but when the trunk is bored, a bland and nourishing milK flows from it It is at sunrise that the vegetable fountain flows most freely. At that time tbe blacks and natives are seen coming from all parts, provided with large bowls to receive the milk, which grows yellow and thickens at its surface. Some empty their vessels on the spot, while others carry them to their children. One imagines be seas the family of a shepherd who is distrib uting the milk ot bis nock." Iron. .The manifacture of metal on a large scale is by no means of modern date. Long ago, in India, its manufacture was carried on upon a scale so stupendous as to rival the production ot the largest steam-hammer forges in Europe at the present day. A wrought-iron pillar at the principal gage of the ancient mosque of the ii.utuD, near ueini, is as large as the screw shalt of a first-class steamer, It is slightly spindle-shaped, and is sur mounted bv a capital of elaborate Indian design, carved by the chisel in the solid iron. The entire length is about sixty feet. Its diameter near the surface is sixteen inches : it contains about eighty cubic feet ot metal, and weighs upward of seventeen ton?. Near its middle is an inscription of six lines in Sanscrit, from which its. age bas been assigned to the third or fourth century ot the Chris tian era. - - A Dog Dies of Grief. It is said that the dog of the late Michael Carre, the author of " Mignon" and Faust." has died of grief. The poor animal refused to take food, and succumbed alter t n. uayB abstinence, Broken hearts are about as common in the canine world as in the human. The affecting story of Carre's dog is briefly told : " Alter having, as it wtre, guard ed the body, exposed according to cus- tum at t he door of deceased's residence, the faithful animal accompanied it the cemetery of the village. On re turning home it refused every sort nourishment, lapping only a few drops nf water, and at last expired at the door of his late master's study." The Horny Hand. 0 toiler with the moistened brow. And with the horny hand. No matter if you hold the plow. Or ut. thm anvil stand. Your heart should fill with lofty pride Your mission is so (Tana., ' My father worketh hitherto, ' ' And I wnrk." WM the word V . Of Him whose speech was ever trufL Yet honor elvmed as God. - Tis truly loyal then to toil With Hammer, brain or noa. - Until some patient toiler rie ? M witn canning nana or orain,( No telescope can pierce tbe skies-' Wa .Inamur firnu t Vl main " Nor distant ends of earth be linked With telegraph and train. . The barren earth is clothed with bloom. The desert bears tne rose. The darkest mine forsakes its itloom. And all its wealth out-throws. And wond'rons fabrics fill the loom Where er the toiler Koes. No lordly palace-home co stand On (n..r,n tr ..lift7 nr hill. Without the mason's trewelcd' hand, ' Or builder's cultured skill; : Yea. all the world of labori oins ach palace-home to mi.: . . The toilers not the drones of earth Are worthy of renown: These are the men ot noblo birth . With bands begnmea ana nrown. An they when reason has her reign Will win and wear the crown. The man whose ever restless brain Or tturdy toiling hant, Has reached two blades of nsefal grain Where one alone ail stana. Shall have his well deserved applause . From all, in every land. All hailt then, to the horny hand, , To those who at the anvil stand. - Ox guide the cleaving plow : . -The day when labor wears the crown even now i Varieties. A new pair of kids .Twina, f. f; The Pope, suffers from asthpaa.. Birds of ill omen The political caws. Motnt Vesuvius is said to be a fiery old crater. . - ;.. Whom the gods would destroy they first make mad." Yes, and when some men would dye, they - first get 1 J - -1.1 uiauuci. "What is the difference, between the Girl of the Period's seat on horseback and her gait in walking J . One; is a side saddle and tbe other a sad sidie. , An Illinois editor has become so hol low from depending for subsistence on his paper that he advertises himself for . sale for stove-pipe, at three cents a foot M. D. Conway explains from Xiondon that he is sure the Prince pf 'Wales went to the Mabille in Paris from good motives;' the same that' inspired Mrs. Stowe's visit there 1 - A Dutchman, getting excited over an account ef an elopement tof a married woman, gave his opinion thus : J.I my vife runs avav mit anoder- man's Vife, I shaks him out of his preeches, if she be mine f adder, mine Ood 1" . -r " I never go ' to church," said an ir reverent man to a pious lady .? I always spend Sunday in settling account." " There is another day," said the lady, ' that will be spent in the same way." " What day is that ?" asked the man. The day of judgment, ' was tne solemn reply. ' - .Tnsn- "Rti.i.ings savs : " When. X- was a little boy' and wore naked feet, and was loafing around loose lor strawberry, a was oftentimes just agoing to step on a striped snaik, but it always cured me ov strawberrys. If a striped snaik got into a 10-akre lot before l diu, ! aiwus konsidered that all the strawberrys in that lot belonged tew the snaik.". TiiiiA "Now take vour medicine like a good girl, and when you get well I'll buy you a nice doiiy." oick cuuu "Please, ma, have it a Dolly Varden." The pun fiend is again on the war-- path. Here is his latest effort : " W by f 1 A : Krm . is .an eto pwu native of Malacca ? Because it is a May-lay." . . 0, Tommy, that was abominable in you to eat your sister's share or the caice l " Why," said Tommy, " didn't you tell me, ma, that I was always to take her part?" When Brvant the poet, was in Mex ico recently, he met an American lady, and after the introduction she said to a friend, , Everybody in New York knows Mr. Bryant, and they an go to near nia minstrels sing.'l - - - - , Get out of my way what are 1 you annrl for ?" said a cross old man.: to a little bright-eyed urchin, who happened to stand in the way. The little fellow, as he stepped ' one side, replied very gently : " They make men out ot sucu things as we are." Kye looks good. Amenta Times. And it tastes good, too. Banbury Times. In born. Jierksnire uourter. naereuy-u the Times remarks : " We meant rye bread, but it is evident that the mind ot the Courier man is wandering toward the stuff that biteth like a serpent and stingeth like a book-keeper. -, . A country editor reports the preva lence of "spiral" meningitis. We don t know what it is, but presume, from its name, that it has something to do with shuffling on the mortal " cou." An English lady asked Miss uatnerine M. Sedgwick, while abroad, whether they had any fine old trees in America, and then catching herself, added, - ud, beg pardon I I forgot at the moment that your country was so lately settled 1"' Educational Statistics. of The educational statistics from our last census are being published in Europe, to show that the education ot the young in the United States has been neglected to a greater extent than was heretofore supposed. Among our population,' ten vears old and upwards, it has been found . . - - , , . -1 1 - - . t r .1 Ltiat OjOoUjiM are uiiberaiu. v-i vue 4,882,210 were of native and 777,864 of foreign birth-. Ut these illiterates ,iflvj,- 972 reside in the southern, i.4ao,iuz in the Northern, and 114,000 in the Pa cific States and Territories. As respects color, '2,900,000 of this class are white, and 2.700,000 colored persons. About 3,600,000 are adults, of whom 2,500,000 are in the Southern States, 2,000,000 minors between 10 and 21 yearn of age. Of this class 1,700,000 are in the South ern States. According to sex, 2,600,000 males and 3,000,000 females are illiter ate. Upon an average in every 10,000 inhabitants in the .United States, there are 8,711 whites,' 1,266 colored, 16 Chinese, and 7 Indians.