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Eaton weekly Democrat. (Eaton, Ohio) 1866-1875, August 15, 1872, Image 1

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Democrat.
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EKLY
, Jj. G. GOULD, Pabiishv; y-'i " -' ? ? k ... .Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, tad the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annum, in Advance,
' - . i. M . , . I . i ' ' ' i . -t ... .-- '' .
' ' EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 15, 1872. . WHOLE NUMBER 277.
Apple-Blossoms.
BY WILL. M. CARLETON.
an apple-tree.
Sat a maiden, and a lover;
And the thoughts within her, he ,
Yearned, in secret, to discover. '
Round them danoed the ana beams bright;
Green the grass-lawn stretched before ' them.
Wbile the apnle-blotsonu white
Han in rich profusion o'er them.
Kought within er eyes he read.
That would tell her tale onto him:
While her eyes (he after said).
Quivered quickly through and through him ;
Till at last hie heart burst free
From the prayer with which 'twas laden.
And he said. "When wilt thou be
Mine forevermore. lair maiden 1"
' When.' said she. the breesq of May
With white flakes our beads shall cover,
I will be thy brideling gay
Thou shalt be my husband-lover."
How," said he. in sorrow bowed,
" Can I hope such hopeful weather ?
Breeze of May and winter's cloud
Do not often fly together."
Swiftly, as the words he said.
From the West a breexe came sighing.
And on each uncovered head.
' Sent the apple-blossoms flying.
"Flakes of whiter thou'rt mine," said ho.
' Sooner than thy wish or knowing I"
" Nay. I heard the breexe," quoth she.
" When in yonder forest blowing 1"
AN OLD STORY AGAIN TOLD.
The Murder of Parkman by Dr. Webster
—The Most Extraordinary Murder of
the Nineteenth Century.
From the New York Dispatch.
' "On the morning ot Ihe 24th of Nevem-
"' "ber. 1849, information was given to the
police of Boston, Mass.,. that- Dr. Park
man, one of the most wealthy and in-
.. -fluentta men in the city, had left home
on- the preceding day with the intention
of returning to dinner, and- had not
been, ween or beard of since.' He had
An interview at an early hour with
'a stranger, whose name he did not men-
" : tion to his family, and with whom he
made an appointment for half-past 1.
-, H9 then went out, and at a-quarter to 2
purchased some lettuces, which he left
. at a shop near the Medical College, say
ing that he would call for them in a few
.minutes, on his way home. He did not
return, however, nor was he ever again
seen alive. i'"' '
The absence-of an elderly, domestica
ted gentleman for-so irs would excite sur
prise and an lie toy -; TtnU in the case of
Dr. Parkman these .'feelings were in
creased by his ' invariable punctuality,
and hia well-known precise and. meth
" odical habit. - - Tfaere was nothing
' known in his whole life that would fa
vor the idea of' voluntary absence, nor
was he known to haveany enemies, or to
have any diBpate or quarrel with any
one. -
Two days paesed from tie time whan he
was last seen without any : discovery
' being made, 6r ary information what
. ever received concerning him. Rewards
were publicly o flared -for information,'
"the harbor and river were dragged.and
the yards, and cellars of houses near the
place where he was last eeen were
searched by the police.
On the atternoon of the second 'day,
" however, the Rev. Samuel Parkman,
the bi other of the missing man, received
a visit from Dr. Webster, professor of
chemistry at Harvard College, from
whom he received the information that
it was he who had called on Dr. Park'
man on the ' morning of the 23d, and
" that he saw him again at the Medical
" College, and paid bun some money.
In consequence of this information
the Medical College was searched, but
without any discovery being made. The
- examination of Dr. Parkman's accounts
a fcbowed, however, that he . had lent
5 money to Dr. Webster on ' several occa-
sions, and that the payments had been
irregular and uhpunetual.. Four hun-
- dred dollars Had been advanced in 1841:,
and remained unpaid five years later,
when a further 'advance of $2,000 was
made on the security of the Professor's
personal property, including a valuable
- cabinet or minerals. - mere was a con
siderable balance of this loan still un
liquidated in 1849, when Dr. Webster
sold t? a brother-in-law of Dr. Parkman
. the cabinet of minerals which was under
mortgage to the latter.
This so incensed Dr. Parkman
that he expressed an intention of press
ing hia claim upon Dr. Webster, but
" consented to wait, on receiving the hit
ler's p: omise to discharge the debt out
- of the proceeds of a course of lectures
at the Medical - College. But the Pro
fessor was again . guilty of a breach of
faith.-,-lie applied the promised funds
to the payment of another debt, and
Dr. Parkman thereupon threatened to
" sue him, to seize the furniture, and to
deprive him of his Professorship.
This was the state of the relations be
tween the two men at the time of
Parkman's disappearance. The exam
ination of the missing man's accounts
led to the discovery, by a gentleman
who was well acquainted with the state
of Dr. Webster's pecuniary affairs, that
the only available funds of the latter, at
- the time of his creditor's disappearance,
had been devoted to the payment of
another debt ; and, consequently, that
hia statement that be bad paid W.
Parkman could not be true.
But though it began to be said that,
if the missing man was ever discovered,
his corpse would be found in the Medi
cal College, nothing was observed in
the movements or manners of any one
" connected with that institution to give
a tangible shape to the growing sus
picion. Dr.-- Webster returned home
later than usual during the week fol-
lowing Parkman's disappearance; but
he mingled as usual in the society' of
Cambridge, and conversed freely about
the event which was the talk of every
circle.
One individual alone seems to have
suspected from the first that Dr. Web
ster was responsible for Parkman's dis
appearance, and was day by day accu
mulating evidence against him, which,
however, he did not communicate,
any one.' This was Ephraim Littlefield,
the porter of the Medical College, who
had charge of the building,and occupied
apartments in tbe basement, ue re
membered that on the -day Parkman
disappeared, the Professor, instead
leaving the college as soon as his lec
ture was concluded, as was his custom,
. remained until late in the evening, shut
. up in the laboratory ; and that, though
' thre were no classes on Saturday and
Monday, and during the following week
none after Tuesday, owing to the occur
rence of a religious festival, Dr. Web-
to
of
Bter had passed the greater part of every
day, including even Sunday, till late
4 in a'awa,,, ir in 4tA lalurtnpv
honra in the'evening, in the laboratory,
which he had never been known to do
before.
It was still more remarkable that,
though he had directed the servants
not to light fires in his rooms on those
days, fire3 of more than ordinary size
and intensity had been burning every
day, whioh the Professor must have laid
and lighted himself. The doors were
kept locked, and tne Key ot one, wmcn
led to a sink attached to the laboratory,
was carried away every evening by Dr.
Webster.'-: Saturday was the usual day
for cleaning and dusting the apartments.
but the Professor had locked the doors,
and spoken to the servants through the
key-hale, .desiring them to go away.
Iiittleheld had accidentia overheard
Parkman on . one occasion charge the
Professor with fraud and threaten legal
proceedings; and he remembered that
on the' samsT day, the Professor asked
him how access was had to the vault be
low the School of Anatomy, into which
the human remains from the dissecting
table were cast, and whether a light
would burn - there. Littlefield replied
to the latter query in the negative, add
ing that he had recently hung the head
of a negro to macerate, but the cord rot
ted and the skull fell, and the foul air
extinguished the lamp when he tried to
recover it,
Un tne dajr Deiore r aritman disap
peared, Dp. Webster had asked the por
ter to procure him ajar of human blood
from the hospital, saying that he re
quired it -for experiments in the lecture
of the following day ; but as none of the
patients were Med on that day, he was
unable to procure it. ne naa a mis
giving that- this blood might have been
intended to account for any stains, of
blood thai 'might have been discovered
in the laboratory when it was visited by
the detectives.
He remembered, too, that he had
seen a heavv hammer in Dr. Webster's
room on the day Parkman disappeared,
and that, though missed from its ac
customed place in another apartment,
it had not been seen since. On the
same day, at the time for extinguishing
the fires and clearing up the laboratory,
be found all the Professor's rooms
locked, and oould get no reply from
withiD, though he heard some' one
moving about, and water running from
tbe tan over tne sinK. lbe doors bad
been locked, too, when lit. w eoster
left, contrary to his usual custom, which
was to leave them open.
.Remembering all these things,
Ephraim Littlefield suspected that Dr.
Webster had murdered Parkman and
disposed of the corpse in the college.
The only . place which had not been
searched by tbo polioe was the vault,
and-the Professor hadi since the day on
which Parkman disappeared, kept the
key of the door leading1 to it in his
had became so strong that he did not
hesitate. to make an opening in the
outer wall, creep under the floors upon
his hands and knees unt'l he reached
the wall of the vault, and make
aperture therein large enough to admit
his head and one arm. He tben saw,
bv the glimmering light ot a lantern,
thigh and the lower portion of the
trunk of a human being lying upon the
ground.
It was on tne evening ot ine iourtn
dav after Parkman's disappearance that
this horrible discovery was made. Jjit-
tlefield immediately communicated
with the relatives of the missing man
and some of the professors, and these,
accompanied bv an officer ot police, de
scended into tne vault and raised there
from the ghastly remnantsywhich there
was -too mucb reason iq believe were
those of Dr. Parkman,
A warrant was immediately issued for
the arrest of Dr. Webster; but the officer
who executed it merely informed bim
that the search at the college was to
renewed, and that his presence at the
time was thought desirable, i be pro
fessor accompanied them without be
traying the slightest uneasiness or re
luctance, and it was not until the vehi
cle in which they rode stopped at the
citv iail that he was informed that
was a prisoner.
lie seemed to be strucK immediately
with horror and despair. He neither
protested his innocence nor acknowl
edged bis guilt, but begged that
family might be informed of his posi
tion, and then tell into a state ot phys
ical and mental prostration painful
witness. He asked, in a gasping tone,
for water, but he could not swallow,
and his hand shook so that he' spilled
the water and dropped the glass Upon
the floor.
On the following day the upper por
tion of the trunk was found, imbedded
in tan, in an old tea chest, so packed
as to appear to contain only-mineralogy
ical specimens; and this chest
prov d to have been brought by
carrier from lr. webBter s residence
Cambridge, together with a"tack of
A large and sharp Knife, stained with
blood, and a butcher's saw, were louna
in the tan; and on the left breast was
perforation such as a knife would
made, a pair or overalls, stainea.
blood, were found in a press in
same room. Among tbe ashes ot ;
assay furnace were found fragments
calcined bones, a mother-of-pcarl
button, and some minute .particles
gold,
Not only did the remains correspond
-vith the height and proportions of
missing man, but some fragments
a lower jaw were marked by the pecu
liar formfor which that of Dr. Parkman
waa. remarkable. - He 'wore false
mounted in gold, and the teeth found,
with portions of bone adhering to them,
owing to the skull having been
before it was cast into ..the
were recoanizad by- a' dentist as
which he had made for Dr. Parkman,
which he had repaired only a fornight
before.
Before the magistrates the -accused
displayed unexpected calmness, but
offered no explanation of the horrible
circumstances relied upon by the
ecution. When brought to trial in
toll wing March, he pleaded "JNot
ty," and his calmness, never . forsook
b;m during the twelve days over
ine trial was protracted. When
victed and sentenced to death he
I
tested his innocence, and declared him
self the victim of a secret conspiracy. .
A ri - -i C 1 1 P
Alter cfc w II L ui tsrrvr uu n ui
form had been tried, and petitions for a
new trial considered and rejected, the
prisoner confessed bis guut, but peti
tioned for pardon, on the ground that
'the provocation" he had received from
Dr. Parkman reduced the offense to
manslaughter. It did not appear, how
ever, that he had received any provoca
tion beyond being dunned lor payment
of his debt and threatened with legal
proceedings; and the State Committee
of Pardons rejected bis petition.
It appears from the contession tnat
the fatal blow was given with the ham
mer, which crushed in. the skull. The
murderer then dragged the body of his
victim into another room, stripped it,
and burned the clothes. He then part
ly lifted, and partly dragged the body
upon the sink, and dismembered it with
tne kmtev Keeping tne water -running
from the tap to .wash away the blood, f
The head he carried into tne laboratory,
and consumed it in the stove. He then
divided the trunk, and covered both
portions with a strong alkaline solution,
which he hoped would destroy - the
flesh. But in this he was disappointed,
and on the following day he burned
the hands and the feet, and threw the
bulkier remnants into the vault, from
which he subsequently raised portions
with a hook as the horrible process of
burning them went Blowly on.
The rest of tne ghastly story is told
by the observations of Littlefield, who
received the $10,000 reward offered for
the discovery of the body, lne; Gov
ernor of Massachusetts saw - no reason
to interpose between the murderer and
the -law, and on -the 30th- of .August.
I860, tbe High ' Sheriff ot .Boston in
dorsed on the warrant for. Webster's
execution that "on that day, between
tbe hours of 9 and 10 in the forenoon,
within the yard of the prison, and in
presence of tne public omcers and
twelve other citizens summoned to be
witnesses of the fact, John W. Webster,
convicted of the murder of Dr. Park
man, was hanged by the neck until he
was dead."
Current Items.
a
be
he
bis
to
the
at
a
have
who
the
tne
of
shirt
ot
the
of
teeth
cleft
There", axe. 43.000 Scandinavians in
Chicago.
Term thousand men are employed
on the great Mississippi; bridge at St
JjOUIS. -:
Ohio produced 31,000,000 pounds of
cheese and 43,000,000 pounds of butter
in 1871.
The Western Union . Telegraph Com
pany will use 15,000 miles of wire this
year. ...
A boot-black went all the way from
San Francisco.to visit the Boston Jubi
lee. - . .
Washington is to have a society pa-
Eer called'the Afati. It is to be edited
y a female Mrs. Barnard.
The English now exceed the Irish
emigration to this country. The emi
gration hither lrom the united king
dom last year was as follews : English,
71,926 ; Irish, 62,591 ; Scotch, 13,271.
If rum were a civilLaer, benighted
Africa would be in a fair way. Within
the last six months there have been
sent to that benighted country 439,500
gallons of Medford rum from the port
of Boston alone. !
Thb oak chair used during the recent
commencement exercises at Bowdoir
College, Brunswick, Me.,- was brought
from England, probably in 1635, ' when
Daniel and Thomas Dennis, the . first
emigrants of the Dennis family, of Ips
wich, Essex county, Mass., came over,
Tag travelers in a balloon which re
cently started from Boston say that
the bottom of the sea .in shoal places
a as distinctly vis-ble to them while
passing over the sea, and the abundant
growth ot sea weed. caused tne vessels
to appear as u sailing ih a ueiu in
grass. . - ;-
. Son B of the cities of the South are
wise. ine municipal autnoritiea oi
Borne, Ga., have just- passed an ordi
nance exempting from city taxation, for
ten years, all machinery- propelled by
steam or water power. Manufactories
will grow wonderfully in such a sou.
Summer travel this year exceeds all
that has preceded it, especially at the
sea-side and among tiie mountains.
There are at least 5,000 people daily
moving among the White Mountains or
at the hotels, while even more at tne
sea-side than upon tbe mountains is
just now witnessed the rush of pleasure-
seeKers.
How Prof. Stearns, of Amherst, re
ceived the news of the victory of his
college crew : When the first telegram
reached Amherst giving news -of, the
victory of their boys at the regatta,
some one, "elated with the result, began
to ring tbe college bell. President
Stearns soon made his appearance and
wanted to know what was going on.
They've won," was the response
" Who 7 what ?" said he. " Why, our
crew at Springheld. " Then ring,'
shouted the now excited President
ring it till it cracks."
Gnats infest the Upper Sacramento
Valley in California this season to sucb
a degree that men are obliged to
veiled lor protection against them
The people actually suffer from the
plague.
The New York Commercial Advertiser
says that the Island of.Anticosti, in the
Gulf of St. Lawrence, is to be purchased
bv several Chicago, Montreal, and Que
bec capitalists,- with a capital
$2,000,000. " "They propose lo colonize
with emigrants from Norway and Swe
den, and go into tbe raising ot North
em cereals wheat, barley, and pota
toes.
Curious.
and
he
pros
the
Creeping plants are attracted by cer
tain species ot cambers growing near
them, and repelled by others. It
been observed, in tropical forests, tha
tbe climbing vines seem to prefer cer
tain kinds of trees, and go far out
their way to reach them, at the same
time avoiding other trees much nearer,
and apparently more couvenient.
which
con
pro-
Mr. Petkr Cox, a sprightly youth
101 summers, was married in Brooklyn,
last week, to Miss Lucy Green, a gush
1 ing damsel of 60. Both colored.
The Misfortunes of a Base Baller.
[Illustrated by D. Scattergood.]
"A FLY CATCH."
At school he begins to practii e that
accomplishment known as a "catch on
the fly." The results, are unfortunate
for the fly in the present and equally so
for the "catcher" in the future.
"A FOUL BALL."
Arriving near man's estate lie seeks
pleasure in another technicality of the
game, known as a " foul ball." It may
be said that from this time .forward his
M w up.
"HIS FIRST INN-ING."
Not to be outdone by his other com
rades, be makes his Jirst inn-ing. A.l
seems very well and he wonders why he
never played the game before.. . ; .' ;
"HIS LAST INN-ING."
He does not present so favorable or
enviable appearanoe as formerly. He
has pursued the game too long, and his
run from the first to the last inn-ing has
been easy and rapid.
"MAKING HIS HOME-RUN."
This is easilv donel . A series of inn-
inas such as he has experienced will al
ways insure to the candidate the power I
of making his home-run on the last round
of the game.
Personal.
go
of
it
has
of
of
Gen. Sherman will return to America
in September.
Gratz Brown is ruralizing in Ken
tucky.
Mr. S. R. Motts has just shuffled off
this mortal coil at Syracuse, N.' Y., aged
114 years. He w?s the oldest they had.
His father lived to be 129.
Ole Bull's income from his fidddle
is $15,000 a year.
John B. Gouqh is at home, in Boyl-
ston, Mass., writing a new lecture,
Horn and Tben."
Charlotte Cushman is reported to
have earned $55,000 last year, by her
prolessum as reader ana actress.
Ex -Gov. Leonard J. Farwell, of Wis
consin, burned ut in Chieago, has set
tled in Grant City. Mo., where he could
bring up his boys to practical work,
printers and stock-farmeis, their tastes
inclining that way.
Old John Hahper, owner of Longfel
low, never heard of the poet of that
name. Thought the horse was so called
because of his length. Thinks now the
author ot " Jiivangeline" was named al
ter tbe horse. '
Private letters from Mr. Jefferson,
the actor, state that his recovery has
not been as rapid as the newspapers are
good enough to make it. Mis sight is
still feeble, and he suffers from severe
pain in the eyes. He will be compelled
to wear glasses until he begins his en
gagements next season. His eyes are,
however, steadily improving, and the
danger of his losing his sight is passed.
Tennyson is an inveterate smoker,
And, moreover, he smokes Virginia
tobacco in a clay pipe. But he never
uses a pipe the second time. When
smokes out the bowl of tobacco he
breaks the pipe and fills . a new bowl.
talking all the while, if he has any one
to talk to. Bu he'keepa a great variety
of pipes for .his visitors. His working
"den" is at the top of the house. Thith
er he repairs after breakfast, and, in the
midst of a sea of books on shelves, ta
bles, chairs and floor, toils away until
he is fatigued. These hours of labor
are as absolutely sacred as were Kich-
ter's ; no human being, unless upon an
errand of lite or death, (s allowed to irj
1 trude upon him then
Foreign Gossip.
Encland's 12.000.000 hares and rab
bits exclude 3,000,000 sheep which
might otherwise be kept.
Dr. Dollinger, in his Munich lec
tures, calls Luther the greatest genius
Germany ever produced.
The fire department of the city of
Florence, Italy, consists of ten men.
three of whom are employed with pipes,
four with buckets, and three with small
brass fire extinguishers.
England consumed in 1871 a hundred
and twenty-three million pounds of
tea. Quantity of roast beef cannot be
computed.
The Princess Mathilde's hotel in
Paris has just been sold for 64,000.
The Princess Imperial of Germanv.
Queen "Victoria's oldest daughter, has
seven children, three of whom are sons.
Gustav Dork is said to be in despair
at the thought of Miss NHsson's mar
riage to M. Kouzeaud. in fact he is a
living picture ot desolation. The poor
man takes it sorely to heart.
Owing to a larger area of soil now
under tea cultivation in Japan, it is
said that five times as much tea will be
offered to the market than was fire
years ago, notwithstanding the severe
winter that has been experienced this
year.
The Prince Imperial of France, who
has obtained the Queen's permission to
become a student at the Royal Military
Academy at Woolwich, will join at the
beginning of the next term for the
usual course ot instruction.
The King of Bavaria, in answer to an
inquiry made by the ex-Emperor Napo
leon, whether he might go this summer
to a Bavarian watering-place for the
benefit of his health, has replied that
the popular feeling against Napoleon
was too strong in Bavaria to render his
appearance in that country desirable.
The British Government .has ordered
the withdrawal of the crown and half-
crown pieces. 1 hese contain four grains
of gold to the Trey pound, a quantity
whicb could not be extracted when the
coins were struck, because the processes
men in use were not ueucate enougn.
Now silver containing two grains of
gold to ; the pound can be profitably
treated.
It is said there are in Russia no less
than fifty million acres of lands which
will yield 5,000 tons of phosphate of
lime to the aore. This contains twenty
per cent of phosphoric acid. The de
cay of the guano trade is evidently des
tined to have little ettect upon the
agriculture of the world, for that ma
nure will be replaced by artificially pre
pared phosphates.
The King of Siain has sent his "royal
brother," Amadeus of Spain, a " white
elephant." ' Considering that Amadeus
has on his hands at present an elephant
of quite another color, and of the most
astonishing proportions, which he can
neither coax nor drive, we think this
last present a little too much of a good
thing, and as a consequence rather
more embarrassing than otherwise. One
elephant on a man's hands at a time is
surely enough.
A . correspondent of a Vienna paper
recently saw the ex-Prince Imperial of
r ranee at Chiselhurst, and gives the
following description of him:' "An
overgrown boy with a pleasant lace,
dreamy but meaningless eyes, manners
not very graceful, and a smile which
reminds you of that cold, freezing smile
which his father, the ex- H.mperor, would
put on when he wanted . to make him
self, amiable. The Prince's forehead is
low, and shows that his intellectual
capacity cannot be very great His
teachers are said to be much dissatisfied
with the slow progress he makes in his
studies." .
A Steam Canal Boat.
Stanley is the inventor, and
his design is about as follows : He pro
poses to run a train ot lour boats or
more with two power-boats, one in front
and one in the rear, each power-boat to
carry two hundred and ten tons of
freight beside the machinery.
The two intermediate boats, in which
every square toot ot surlace can be
made available, will carry two hundred
and forty tons each, making a total of
nine hundred tons ot weight for the
train. ' The machinery of the power
boats is extremely simple and seems
well adapted to the purpose. 1 he lead
ing boat has two screws in the bow, which
displace the water as the boat advances
and throw itbacB: along the. sides and
under the boats, thus Keeping the wa
ter higher about the boats than . before
or alter. Ibis was demonstrated by
the models which have been exhibted
here bv Mr. Stanley. The. models con
sist of two boats representing tha first
and last the power-boats ot tbe tram,
it was shown that if tbe rear boat rested
the bottom of the canal, when
the water from the boat screws reached
the point of adhesion the boat would
float and move freely, and it was also
observed that no power was lost in dis
placing the water, as the act of dis
placing drew tbe boat forward.
The rear boat has two screws in tne
stern, so arranged as to draw the water
in from the sides of the boat and dis
charge it directly aft. The screws are
of a peculiar construction, which admits
of their being used with equal advan
tage at the bow ot tbe boat, lne in
ventor states that the boats may be run
uron the canal at anv degree of speed
without" producing the slightest swell
either in advance or in the i ear of the
train, and experiments made with the
models, which, with a trough in which
thev were worked, were exactly in pro
portion to the size ot the canal and
boats which it is prosposed to build,
Buffalo
Express.
The Jesuit monastery on the Lake of
Laach has been disposed of to a private
proprietor. The transaction marks the
first move in the tactics adopted by the
proscribed order to meet the onensive
bill. The obiect is to divest the order
of its corporative and organized charac
ter, and to convert tbe members into
private individuals whom the executive
power cannottouch under the provisions
ot tbe new law.
Something to boot An impertinfipfc
1 dun.
A Mineral Wonder in California.
The Hon. T. Guy Phelps presented to
the committee of one hundred, at a re
cent meeting, a splendid specimen of I
almost pure iron ore, which he repre
sented as being taken from an iron
mountain as large, and the iron as pure
as that of the famous Iron Mountain of I
Missouri.- Although Mr. Phelps de
clined to give the exact location of the
deposit, he intimated that it was on the
line of the contemplated - Atlantic and
Pacific road, and near enough to be
utilized in- the city of San Irancisco.
Should coal also be discovered in the
vicinity, there might be a second Pitts
burgh grow up on tbe Pacific Slope.
Truly wonderful are the developments
being constantly made on this side of
the continent. The iron interest is of
the utmost extent and importance.
The annual value of iron manufactured
in the United States is $900,000,000,
and the wages, of labor engaged, upon
it exceed X 6Uauuu,lHK). The number
of workmen employed is 940,000. Cal
culating to the employe and his family
the consumption ot agricultural pro
ducts, it exceeds three times the value
of all the breadstuff's and grain we send
abroad. A further calculation makes it
appear that one-tenth of the entire
population of the United States is de
pendent upon the production and man
ufacture of iron for support.
The American Desert.
From Mr. C. H. Dorot we learn of the
death in the Colorado Desert of Mr.
William Kirk, formerly a resident of
this city, under the most melancholy
circumstances.' Mr. Kirk, in company
with a gentleman whose name we did
not learn, started a few days since from
Mountain Springs, with- a view of crosn
ing the desert to -the Colorado river, a
distance of forty-five miles. They had
but a small canteen of water with them.
which was exhausted before reaching I
their destination: Mr. itirk's com
panion being possessed of the greater
endurance, proceeded for the purpose
ot allaying his own thirst and procur
ing ' water to allay Mr. Kirk's thirst
likewise. Reaching the . river ' and
quenching his thirst, he at once re
turned with water for Mr. Kirk, whose
body he found five miles off, where he
had evently'died from exhaustion. On
the same day the body of a German was
also found on the same road,- but be
tween Ivannah and the river. . He is
supposed to have perished from the
same cause. Lot Angeles (CaL) Herald.
Wonders.
Lewinbeck tells us of an insect seen
with a microscope, of which twenty-
seven millions would only equal a mite.
Insects ot various kinds ntay be seen
in the cavities ot a grain of sand.
Mold is a forest ot beautiful trees.
with branches, leaves and fruit.
Butterflies are fully feathered.
Hairs are hollow tube?.
The surface of our bodies is covered
with scales, like a fish ; a single gratn of
sand would cover one hundred and fifty
of these scales, and yet a scale covers
five hundred pores. Through these nar
row openings the perspiration forces
itself, like water through a sieve.
1 he mites take five hundred steps a
second.
Each drop of stagnant water contains
a world of animated beings, swimming
with as much liberty as .whales in the
sea.
Each leaf has a colony of insects
grazing on it, like cows in a meadow.
Moral. Have some care as to tbe air
you breathe, the food you eat, and the
water you drink.
The Cow Tree.
Among the many curious phenomena
which presented themselves to me in
the course oi my travels," says Hum
boldt, " I confess there were few by
which my imagination was so power
fully affected as by tbe cow" tree. Un
the parched side ot a rock on tbe moun
tains of Venezuela, grows a tree with
dry and leathery foliage, its large
woody roots scarcely penetrating into
the ground. or several months in the
year its leaves are not moistened by a
shower ; its branches look as if dead
and withered; but when the trunk is
bored, a bland and nourishing milK
flows from it It is at sunrise that the
vegetable fountain flows most freely.
At that time tbe blacks and natives are
seen coming from all parts, provided
with large bowls to receive the milk,
which grows yellow and thickens at its
surface. Some empty their vessels on
the spot, while others carry them to
their children. One imagines be seas
the family of a shepherd who is distrib
uting the milk ot bis nock."
Iron.
.The manifacture of metal on a large
scale is by no means of modern date.
Long ago, in India, its manufacture was
carried on upon a scale so stupendous
as to rival the production ot the largest
steam-hammer forges in Europe at the
present day. A wrought-iron pillar at
the principal gage of the ancient mosque
of the ii.utuD, near ueini, is as large as
the screw shalt of a first-class steamer,
It is slightly spindle-shaped, and is sur
mounted bv a capital of elaborate Indian
design, carved by the chisel in the solid
iron. The entire length is about sixty
feet. Its diameter near the surface is
sixteen inches : it contains about eighty
cubic feet ot metal, and weighs upward
of seventeen ton?. Near its middle is
an inscription of six lines in Sanscrit,
from which its. age bas been assigned to
the third or fourth century ot the Chris
tian era. - -
A Dog Dies of Grief.
It is said that the dog of the late
Michael Carre, the author of " Mignon"
and Faust." has died of grief. The
poor animal refused to take food, and
succumbed alter t n. uayB abstinence,
Broken hearts are about as common in
the canine world as in the human. The
affecting story of Carre's dog is briefly
told : " Alter having, as it wtre, guard
ed the body, exposed according to cus-
tum at t he door of deceased's residence,
the faithful animal accompanied it
the cemetery of the village. On re
turning home it refused every sort
nourishment, lapping only a few drops
nf water, and at last expired at the
door of his late master's study."
The Horny Hand.
0 toiler with the moistened brow.
And with the horny hand.
No matter if you hold the plow.
Or ut. thm anvil stand.
Your heart should fill with lofty pride
Your mission is so (Tana.,
' My father worketh hitherto, ' '
And I wnrk." WM the word V .
Of Him whose speech was ever trufL
Yet honor elvmed as God. -
Tis truly loyal then to toil
With Hammer, brain or noa. -
Until some patient toiler rie ? M
witn canning nana or orain,(
No telescope can pierce tbe skies-'
Wa .Inamur firnu t Vl main "
Nor distant ends of earth be linked
With telegraph and train.
. The barren earth is clothed with bloom.
The desert bears tne rose.
The darkest mine forsakes its itloom.
And all its wealth out-throws.
And wond'rons fabrics fill the loom
Where er the toiler Koes.
No lordly palace-home co stand
On (n..r,n tr ..lift7 nr hill.
Without the mason's trewelcd' hand, '
Or builder's cultured skill;
: Yea. all the world of labori oins
ach palace-home to mi.: . .
The toilers not the drones of earth
Are worthy of renown:
These are the men ot noblo birth .
With bands begnmea ana nrown.
An they when reason has her reign
Will win and wear the crown.
The man whose ever restless brain
Or tturdy toiling hant,
Has reached two blades of nsefal grain
Where one alone ail stana.
Shall have his well deserved applause .
From all, in every land.
All hailt then, to the horny hand, ,
To those who at the anvil stand.
- Ox guide the cleaving plow : . -The
day when labor wears the crown
even now i
Varieties.
A new pair of kids .Twina, f. f;
The Pope, suffers from asthpaa..
Birds of ill omen The political caws.
Motnt Vesuvius is said to be a fiery
old crater. . - ;..
Whom the gods would destroy they
first make mad." Yes, and when
some men would dye, they - first get
1 J - -1.1
uiauuci.
"What is the difference, between the
Girl of the Period's seat on horseback
and her gait in walking J . One; is a side
saddle and tbe other a sad sidie. ,
An Illinois editor has become so hol
low from depending for subsistence on
his paper that he advertises himself for .
sale for stove-pipe, at three cents a foot
M. D. Conway explains from Xiondon
that he is sure the Prince pf 'Wales
went to the Mabille in Paris from good
motives;' the same that' inspired Mrs.
Stowe's visit there 1 -
A Dutchman, getting excited over an
account ef an elopement tof a married
woman, gave his opinion thus : J.I my
vife runs avav mit anoder- man's Vife, I
shaks him out of his preeches, if she be
mine f adder, mine Ood 1" . -r
" I never go ' to church," said an ir
reverent man to a pious lady .? I always
spend Sunday in settling account."
" There is another day," said the lady,
' that will be spent in the same way."
" What day is that ?" asked the man.
The day of judgment, ' was tne solemn
reply. ' -
.Tnsn- "Rti.i.ings savs : " When. X- was a
little boy' and wore naked feet, and was
loafing around loose lor strawberry, a
was oftentimes just agoing to step on a
striped snaik, but it always cured me
ov strawberrys. If a striped snaik got
into a 10-akre lot before l diu, ! aiwus
konsidered that all the strawberrys in
that lot belonged tew the snaik.".
TiiiiA "Now take vour medicine
like a good girl, and when you get well
I'll buy you a nice doiiy." oick cuuu
"Please, ma, have it a Dolly Varden."
The pun fiend is again on the war--
path. Here is his latest effort : " W by
f 1 A : Krm .
is .an eto pwu
native of Malacca ? Because it is a
May-lay." . .
0, Tommy, that was abominable in you
to eat your sister's share or the caice l
" Why," said Tommy, " didn't you tell
me, ma, that I was always to take her
part?"
When Brvant the poet, was in Mex
ico recently, he met an American lady,
and after the introduction she said to a
friend, , Everybody in New York knows
Mr. Bryant, and they an go to near nia
minstrels sing.'l - - - - ,
Get out of my way what are 1 you
annrl for ?" said a cross old man.: to a
little bright-eyed urchin, who happened
to stand in the way. The little fellow,
as he stepped ' one side, replied very
gently : " They make men out ot sucu
things as we are."
Kye looks good. Amenta Times. And
it tastes good, too. Banbury Times. In
born. Jierksnire uourter. naereuy-u
the Times remarks : " We meant rye
bread, but it is evident that the mind ot
the Courier man is wandering toward the
stuff that biteth like a serpent and
stingeth like a book-keeper. -, .
A country editor reports the preva
lence of "spiral" meningitis. We don t
know what it is, but presume, from its
name, that it has something to do with
shuffling on the mortal " cou."
An English lady asked Miss uatnerine
M. Sedgwick, while abroad, whether
they had any fine old trees in America,
and then catching herself, added, - ud,
beg pardon I I forgot at the moment
that your country was so lately settled 1"'
Educational Statistics.
of
The educational statistics from our last
census are being published in Europe,
to show that the education ot the young
in the United States has been neglected
to a greater extent than was heretofore
supposed. Among our population,' ten
vears old and upwards, it has been found
. . - - , , . -1 1 - - . t r .1
Ltiat OjOoUjiM are uiiberaiu. v-i vue
4,882,210 were of native and 777,864 of
foreign birth-. Ut these illiterates ,iflvj,-
972 reside in the southern, i.4ao,iuz in
the Northern, and 114,000 in the Pa
cific States and Territories. As respects
color, '2,900,000 of this class are white,
and 2.700,000 colored persons. About
3,600,000 are adults, of whom 2,500,000
are in the Southern States, 2,000,000
minors between 10 and 21 yearn of age.
Of this class 1,700,000 are in the South
ern States. According to sex, 2,600,000
males and 3,000,000 females are illiter
ate. Upon an average in every 10,000
inhabitants in the .United States, there
are 8,711 whites,' 1,266 colored, 16
Chinese, and 7 Indians.

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