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Weekly Democrat. L. O. GOULD, Publisher. . . . , Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annum, In Advance , VOL. VI.-NO. 38. . EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JULY 10, 1873. WHOEL NUMBER 324. THE NEWSBOY'S DEBT. Sir, If you ptcme, my brother Jim ' The one you give the bill, yon know ' He couldn't bring the money, Sir, Because his back waa hurted so. He didn't mean to keep the 'change ;f - He got runned otpt, np the street : One wheel went right across his back, B And t'other fore-wheel mashed his foet. They stopped the horses just in time, And then they took him up for dead, And all that day and yesterday He wasn't rightly in his head, " They took him to the hospital One of the newsboys knew twas Jim v And I went too, because, yea see, . We two are brothers, I and him. He had that money in his hand, And never saw it any more. Indeed, he didnt mean to steal ! - He never leet a cent before I ' He was afraid that you might think He meant to keep it, any way ; .This morning,, when they brought Mm to, je cried because he oouldnt pay. O He made me fetch his Jacket here ; It's torn and dirtied pretty bad ; It's only fit to sell for rag, But then, you know, it's all he had ! When he gets well it wont be long - - If you will call the money lent, - He says bell work his fingers off But what hell pay you every cent. And then he cast his rueful glance At the soiled jacket where at lay. No, no, my boy 1 Take back the coat, Your brother's badly hurt, you say T " Where did they take him? Just run out And bail a cab, then wait for me. "Why, I would give a thousand coats. And pounds for such a boy as he 1" r A half-hour after this we stood " . Together in the crowded wards, - . And the nurse checked the hasty steps Tiiat fell loudly on the boards. I thought him smiling In his sleep, ' And scarce believed her when she said, Smoothing away the tangled hair from brow and cheek, " The boy is dead. Bead T dead so soon f How fair he looked 1 One streak of -sunshine on his hair, Poor lad I Well, it is warm in heaven ; No need of change and jackets there. ' And something rising in my throat Made it so hard for me to speak, J turned away, and left a tear I hying upon his sunburned cheek. Harper' Magazine UNCLE JEFFRIES' WILL. When old Hiram Jeffries died, con trary to all expectations, there was no mil to be found. That there had been one was a fact testified to by Lawyer Sharp, who had always transacted the old gentleman's business. He had pre pared the document for him, years be fore his sudden death, in favor 01 his widowed niece, Marian Moore, Lawyer Sharp declared. But nowhere was it to be found. Many were the speculations concerning its .disappearance. Some said the old genttleman had destroyed it in a fit of anger with his niece on ac count of ."her marriage with the poor young music master, Albert Moore, six teen years before. Some said he had never made a will ; others, and among ' them Lawyer Sharp, believed that some one had stolen it. Few believed this, however, for who oould have any object in doing so ? No one was allowed to live in the house by old Jeffries but Mrs. Kenton, the housekeeper, who was greatly attached to Marian, and the cook, an Irish girl, who took no interest in the affairs of her strange old master. 'Aside from these no one entered the house but the doctor, the lawyer, and his sister, Mrs. Tabitha Jeffries, who visited him occasionally. Bat then it was not Miss Tabitha, of course. She was above such things of so little importance to herself ; at least she strove hard to make the world be lieve that such was the case. She was an old maid of about fifty, tall and an gular, with a voice like the north wind, and a terrible temper, added to which she had a very penurious disposition, being almost miserly in her business transactions. She owned and superin tended a millinery store in the flourish ing town of Blockville. She appeared greatly surprised at the will's disappear ance, saying that, " Brother Hiram had always declared his intention of leaving his property to Marian ; and, as for her self, she had no wish to be encumbered with so much of this earth's goods." But as no will was brought up in Mrs. Moore's favor, and only Lawyer Sharp's testimony went to prove that there had been one, she was allowed to take pos session of her late brother's estate, which consisted of a fine house in Blockville, and a beautiful farm near the Buburbs. Mrs. Tabitha evinced much reluctance in accepting her good fortune, and even went bo far as to declare that she would not take up her abode in the old man-' sion until one year after her brother's death. She did this for a twofold rea son : First, she found her business so lucrative that she wished to continue in it for some time to come ; and, as she could not very well attend to both places, she determined to gain attention from her townspeople as one being very kind and considerate to her niece and her four children. --.-- - .-- - - Poor Marian Moore I she had not thought much of her Uncle Hiram'B property. She had been her uncle's pet before she had met the handsome, dark-eyed musician, and given him her hand and heart. When the old gentle man heard of . the relation between them, he took one of his " quiet pas sions," and informed Marian that "if she married that fellow, with such an outlandish name, she need never expect to enter his house during his lifetime." This did not trouble Marian much, however ; - she was willing to endure much for her young husband's sake. They had no need of asking help from the old gentleman for ten happy years, during which Albert Moore kept his family in more than comfort. His was a sad blow to his poor wife. Added to this, they found themselves without anything to support themselves on, as they had lived entirely upon the music master's labors. ' In this extremity Uncle Jeffries came to their assistance. He did not take them to his house, however ; he erected a pretty cottage in the suburbs to which he removed them, allowing them the in terests of a few thousands a year during his lifetime. " Perhaps yoivll get something more, some time," he would say when he is ited them in their economically kept home : " but for the present, Marian, you had better stay where you are, for I don't suppose I could ever get along with your children, two of them boys, too." And so eccentric Uncle Hiram would take his leave. Thus thev had lived for six years un til death had claimed Uncle Jeffries. Then they thought of his will, and hoped no had remembered them, as their yearly annuity ceased at his death. But the property reverted to Aunt Jef fries, and she never hinted a word to the young widow concerning its being renewed. She treated Marian like an utter stranger when they met " out of society," and Marian would have begged from door to door before she would ask her aunt for a dollar. So she gave up the pretty cottage and went to live in a her eldest child, she managed to sup port her family by sewing. One day, about a year, after Uncle JeHnes death, Ullie found that she could not live any longer without a new hal, as her old one had been trimmed and re trimmed until she could not possibly wear it any longer. . So, having a little spare money, she went to Miss Jeffries' shop, as it was nearer than any other, and ordered a hat. A few days after. she called for it, but the shop and house adjoining were in great confusion, in consequence of the fact that the mis tress was that day removing to her brother's house. She was finishing up her last day s work in her shop, or, rather, she was seeing that her super intendent, Mrs. Whittle, did. And be tween Miss Jeffries orders and the con fusion which reigned, she was almost crazy. " Miss Moore has called for her hat, said Miss Tabitha's shrill voice ;" "is it ready?" "Yes, only I know it is too large for the lady, said Miss Whittle, hesitat ingly. "Here, slip this under the lining around the crown, said Miss Tabitha, impatiently kicking some pieces of old paper which came blowing past her into the room. .. ' . At that moment a caller was an nounced, and, to Mrs. Whittle's great joy, Tabitha hurried away, leaving her in peace. " I guess this will do," she muttered, selecting an old yellow piece of parch ment, and dexterously fitting it into the crown. "It must, she added de cisively. So Ollie got her hat, and was well sat isfied with it. Affairs in Mrs. Moore's family grew worse every day. The widow fell ill, which had much to do in emptying their slender nurse. And hard as she, Ollie and Jessie, her second girl, worked, they found it impossible to pay their rent. So they went en step lower, and lived in one room in a tenement. The "world " knew little of them, and they knew little of it. "Mamma," said pretty, brown-eyed Ollie one day, to her poor, pale mother, who was reclining on the bed, "I've finished the last shirt ; I'm going to take it home when Jessie returns ; and while I'm waiting I'll just fix my hat ; the lin ing needs renewing." Her mother sighed: she knew that her noble little daughter did much to lighten her heavy load. If Uncle Hiram's will had only been found, perhaps they might have been better off now. Thrifty, energetic Ollie sat down, with scissors and needle, to try and improve the poor old hat she had purchased from Aunt Jeffries' shop one year before. "1 wonder what this is, thought she, as her deft fingers ripped out the old piece of paper which distracted Mrs. Whittle had improvised as lining. "I wonder what it is," she said under her breath, as she unfolded it, and ran her eyes over the writing with which it was covered. " It s it ! it s it I U ma, it s it !" she cried, losing all control of her self as she understood the contents of the paper. " What are von talking about? asked Mrs. Moore, regarding her daughter in astonishment. - " O mamma ! It's it ! It's Uncle Jef fries' will ("cried Ollie, in wild delight. Mrs. Moore sat straight up in bed, and looked at Ollie as if she thought her going crazy. She had given up, long ago, all thought of finding the wilL "Mamma, read it. It is the will I cried Ollie, laying the document in her mother's trembling hand. It was indeed Uncle Jeffries will. Lawyer Sharp recognized it at once as the one he had penned for the old gentle man years before. In company with Ollie, he visited Miss Jeffries in her house, and confronted her with the dec laration that she had stolen her brother's lost will. At first she indignantly refused to believe that the will was not a forgery. But when Lawyer Sharp said,' sternly, "I give you. Miss Jeffries, five days to leave this house, and renounce all claim to Mr. Jeffries property, or the whole town shall ring with your villainy," she started, and her face turned to a sickly yellow hue. " You need not start nor look sur prised, "he continued. "The will was found in your possession at least, Miss Moore found it inside the lining of a hat that Bhe received from your shop one year ago. The expression of Tabitha JeffrieB' face changed from fear to rage anger. X know who put it there, she cried. losing all self-control as she remembered that she herself had been instrumental in the will's being found. "That old Whittle did; she never had half sense," sho added, spitefully. " Take this old house if you want it I have a better," Bhe continued, with a scornful glance at Ollie. "I ll have my revenge on Whit tle, who is dependent on me for her liv ing." " I advise you to remove to your own home at once," said the lawyer, coldly. As for Mrs. Whittle, Miss Moore will attend to her ; she will be perfectly able to do so now," said the lawyer, looking at Ollie with a provoking smile. So Miss Tabitha Jeffries whom every one hated removed from the great old house, giving as her reason that the will had been found, and Marian Moore, looking happier than she had for many a year, took up her residence in it. Mrs. Whittle was handsomely provided for by her. "And to think," Olliesays sometimes, with laugh, " that I never knew what a jewel I was wearing in my old hat !" THE CHOLERA. Causes of the Disease, and Preventives. [Extract from a Circular of the American Health Association.] The local conditions that chiefly pro mote the outbreaks and proagation of cholera are 1. Neglected privies. 2. Filth-sodden grounds. 3. Foul cellars and filthy or badly- arained surroundings of dwellings. 4. Foul and obstructed house-drains. 5. Decaying and putrescent materi als, whether animal or vegetable. 6. Unventilated, damp, and unclean s- ed dwellings and apartments. These localizing causes of cholera should be promptly and very thorough ly removed before a case of the disease appears in the town or district ; and if any sources of putrescence or of exces sive moisture remain, even these should be controlled by the proper cleansing and disinfection. Thorough scavenging and surface drainage, with the application at the same time of quicklime and coal tar or crude carbolic acid ; whitewashing with fresh quicklime ; the cleansing and thorough drying and ventilation of cel lars, basements, chambers, and closets, and daily care to cleanse, flush, venti late and purify the sources of defile ment about all inhabited premises, will afford almost complete protection if suitable care is taken of personal health. The security of personal health re quires pure drinking water, fresh and substantial food, temperance, and the needed rest and bathing of the body. The principles relating to disinfection as a means of destroying the propagat ing or infectious cause of cholera the " cholera contagium " are readily un derstood, and may be so explained to any family that the household may in sure its own immunity against the intro duction and spread of the disease. For privies, water-closets, drains and sewers Eight or ten pounds of snlphate of iron (copperas.) dissolved in five or six gallons of water, with half a pint of ciude carbolic acid added to the solu tion, and briskly stirred, makes the cheapest and best disinfecting fluid for common use. It can be procured in every town and by any family, and if the carbolic acid is not at hand, the so lution of copperas may be used without it To prevent privies and water-closets from becoming infected or offensive Pour a pint of this strong solution into every water-closet-pan or private-seat once or twice a day. To disinfect masses of filth, privy vaults, sewers, and drains Gradually pour in this solution until it reaches and disinfects all the foul material. For the chamber-vessels used by the sick, and for the disinfection of ground upon which any excremental-inatter has been cast away, for disinfecting exten sive masses or surfaces of putrescent materials, and for drains, sewers, and ditches, the "dead oil" of coal-tar, or coal-tar itself is available ; coal-tar may be used as a disinfecting paint upon the walls of cellars, stables, and open drains. Quicklime is useful as an absorbent and dryer upon such walls and in damp places, and white-washing with it should be practiced in common tenements, factories, basements, closets, and garrets. To disinfect the clothing defiled in any manner by excremcntal matters from the sick, throw all such articles imme diately into boiling water, and continue the boiling for half an hour : or place them in a solution, covered, made as follows : One pound of sulphate of zinc, six or eight gallons of water, to which add two or three ounces of strong car bolic acid. Keen the Boiled articles saturated until they con be boiled. If the acid is not at hand use the zinc water alone. Apartments, bedding, and upholstery that have been used by the sick with cholera or diarrhea should be fumigated by the burning of several pounds of brimstone (sulphur) upon a defended iron pan, with the place tightly closed for several hours, under a physician's directions. Is Hydrophobia Imaginary? Medical men are beginning to suspect that in many cases imagination is to a great degree instrumental in developing hydrophobia. It is well known that the iT 13 , r AT - T disease senium appears uium tut; eigntu day after inoculation. The period of incubation, as medical men term it, is often seven or eight weeks, and cases have occurred in which the spasms have not supervened until seven years after the bite. This fact has led physicians to study the whole subject anew, and Dr. Luke, in his late work on the in fluence of the Mind Upon the Body," supports the hypothesis that hydro phobic symptoms are often developed witnout previous inoculation, in illus tration, lie relates a notable instance of a physician of Lyons, who, having as sisted in the dissection of several vic tims of the disorder, imagined that he had been inoculated. On attempting to drink ho was seized with spasms of the pharynx, and in this condition roamed about the streets lor three days. At length his friends succeeded in convinc ing him of the groundlessness of his apprehensions, and he at once recov ered. Dr. Marx, a German physician, writing to the Clinic, regards hydro phobia as a morbid affection of the imagination induced by fear, and cites instances in which persons unaware of the superstition have escaped the spasms. Toothache. A new remedy consists in the employment of injections intro duced into the gums near the diseased tooth. Dr. Dopp has tried these injec tions in about one hundred cases. In twenty cases he made use of morphia, which succeeded very well, but only for a time. Chloroform was far more successful, and is now exclusively used by Dr. Dopp. It was eminently suc cessful in sixty-two cases out of eighty. The injection is made with the small syringe commonly used in France for subcutaneous injections. Only two drops are put in at a time. The needle is introduced gradually, and must re main in situ a few seconds. On with drawing it, pressure must be exerted on the gum with the finger. In by far the greater number of cases, one injec tion is quite enough to stop the toothache. Curiosities of Weather. Perhaps there is nothing about which ordinary people talk bo much at random as the weatlier ; how, in their time, it was colder, hotter, drier or wetter ; whereas, as a matter of fact, although one year my differ from another, the average of wet and fine, of cold and heat, is maintained from generation to generation. The greatest cold expe rienced in .England has been o degrees, and in France 24 degrees ; the greatest heat (in the shade) has been, m the for mer country. 96 degrees : in the latter, 106J degrees. In Africa, on the one hand, and British North America on the other, the extremes of temperature upon the globe have attained a scale of 240 degrees. The most curious incident with respect to extreme cold that ever took place in warfare was the capture of Dutch vessels by cavalry, which since they were frozen in on the Trexel lJjchegru sent against them. In Africa, besides the heat, there is sometimes an altogether unexpected inconvenience. The traveler in the desert suddenly hears "one of his Arabs exclaim : " The torrent t the torrent I" and everybody has at once to hurry to the nearest ele vated spot. In a few seconds, the val ley in which he has been journeying is bidden by a deep body of water, which hurries with its rocks, trees and wild animals. Nay, on one occasion, it is recorded by M. d'Abbadie, that he found an Arab looking disconsolately on the wet ground, after the passage of such a flood which does not last beyond a few hours for what the Frenchman took to be his pipe or his lance. " Don't talk to me about pipes and lances," was the irritable rejoinder; "that torrent has carrried off my camel, my whole fortune, and my wife and children." The explanation of this phenomenon is, that when a cloud bursts on the barren hills there is neither soil no root of trees to absorb or arrest the passage, but it rushes down to the plain, like wa ter from a house-roof. Extraordinary Murder by a Child. A few miles from this city, on the op- gsite side of the river, is Mr. uoorge umphrey's plantation, known as the Dalkieth place, on which there . are several colored families living. The pride of one of these families is a very pre cocious little six-year-old boy, whose sprightliness and intelligence have been the joy and admiration of his parents, and the remark of all who knew the lit tle fellow. Some time ago a little Btranger appeared in the family to claim a part of the love and care of the parents and divide the parental affection with the little six-year-old. He had no love for the baby, was jealous of it, and its presence in the family was a sting in his little breast. In his own childish way, he brooded over the matter for some time, and seemed finally to decide upon a course of action. Day before yesterday, while the men were in the field at work, and the woman either with them or engaged elsewhere, the children were left alone about the cabins to amuse themselves as they might see fit. The mother of the infant and the little six-year-old hod left the baby snugly stowed away in the cradle asleep, and her little bov in the vard olavinc with the other children, when she went away. She had scarcely gotten out of sight, when the little boy gathered up a brickbat, almost as much as he could carry, and walking into the cabin where the baby lay, began to pelt it over the head with the brick until he actually succeeded in breaking the infant's skull, and mashing it almost to a jelly. He then managed to get the child out of the cradle, and dragged its lifeless body to the woods, a short distance from the house,, where he hid the body in the bushes, and returning to his playmates said to them : " X beeve x till ole baby." He then led them to the stot where he had left the infant lying, and sure enough there lay the little innocent with its head crushed, and life extinct. When it is considered that the perpetrator of this most foul and atrocious crime is only 6 years old, it almost staggers belief. Vtcksburg (Miss.) Jieraia. A Strange Story. A horrible report comes from India. A gentleman living in the interior, be ing something of a naturalist, had a great passion for hunting snakes. 'His wife, however, had a great aversion to them, and could not bear to look at a dead one. He thought this all non sense on his wife's part, and resolved to cure her of her fear by making her fa miliar with snakes. One day, while hunting, he killed an exceedingly large boa-constrictor, which he brought home and stretched out on the verandah in front of the house. After dinner he told his wife he had something on the ver andah he wished her to look at. They went to the door together, and as she stepped out he closed and locked the door. She screamed frightfully, but he thought her fear would be soon over, and so he remained m the hall making sportive remarks for his wife to hear. As her screams continued he opened the door only to see his wife in the agony of death, crushed in the folds of a mon strous boa. It appears when one of these serpents is killed that its mate will always follow the body if it is taken away, and will avenge itself on the first object it meets. In this case the boa had followed its dead companion, and had lain in wait for some one to appear, on whom it could fasten its coils. The gentleman went mad on the spot, and had to be conveyed to an insane asylum. A Mexican Raiiboad Scheme. A contract has been made between the Mexican Government and the Mexican International Railway Company for the construction of a road from the city of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean and the river Rio Bravo del Norte, the details of which have just come to hand in the Cosmopolitan of June 6th, a paper printed in the Mexican Capital. The fourth article of the contract provides for an ingenious list of inducements for the company to hurry up their work. If the road is finished in nine years, the company gets but $100,000 as a kind of premium ; if in eight years, $400,000 ; in seven years, $yuu,UUU ; in six years, $1,600,000. Progress of Journalism. The following is an extract from the valedictory address delivered before the Michigan Press Association by Presi dent John N. Ingersoll, of the&hiawas sce American, at the annual meeting held at Detroit June 18, . 1873 : In my library are volumes of the old National Intelligencer, on which I worked as a journeyman printer, and in which I find, six days after the election of 1836, the first hint that Mr. Van Buren had probably been chosen to the Presidency ; and the latest news from Europe is announced by packet only sixteen days from Liverpool. But now, through the eney of the representatives of the press and the agency of the mag netic telegraph, the choice of President is read in the papers on the day after the election, and the eager comments of the London press. Just forty years ago I was an apprentice in an office adjoining the New York Journal of Commerce, then the leading commercial newspaper in that city. Two men did the press work of the entire edition on a common hand-press, with an old-fashioned buck skin roller. To-day, all through New York Printing-House Square and its vicinity, the pedestrian hears the under ground jar and roar of mighty steam presses, each of which costs $30,000, and contains 14,780 distinct pieces, in bolts, screws, nuts, pulleys, springs, pins, keys and rollers, with over 29,000 yards of tape and blankets the whole press weighing 41,514 pounds, and print ing 24,000 impressions hourly. Be sides the old uournal of Commerce, there were in New York, np to 1830, other old-fashioned "blanket-sheet newspapers," with which the reader seasoned his morning coffee or flavored his evening cup of tea. At this time, the "penny papers " began to take the place of the so-called respectable six pennies." The competition was short and decisive and the lively, crisp penny-sheet became the paper of the period though, truth to say, the Jour nal of Commerce still exists and lives (as is truly said) " becase the older men died out of it." In those. days newspa pers were lugubriously solemn, " with no flippant wings- to disturb the prosy flow of journalistic inanity." There was no telegraph prior to 1843, no ocean steamships till a period still later, and no associated press organization to sim plify the process of obtaining news. But, for a moment, let us go back half a century further and fifty years is but a brief period for a still a greater con trast. I hold in my hand a copy of " The Country Journal and the Pough keepsie Advertiser," of August 2, 1788. The printers whose modest skill put to gether these pages have long slept in their graves, but the story which their handiwork preserved will live on, to the immortal glory of those who espoused through its columns the principles that secured the birth of a republic. Our chief interest, however, is found in the contrast which this paper presents to the journalism of to-day, and herein fur nishing the most comprehensive illus tration of the progress of the interven ing years. Looking at this time-stained paper, and then upon the great journals that now daily feed the popular mind with everything worthy of notice from the four quarters of the globe, it is difficult to feel that the journalism of to-day has not reached the limit of its possibilities in all that pertains to the perf ection of the art, the development of mind, and the dissemination of in telligence. It may be an open question whether the improvements of the present day preceded the. public mind, or whether the popular wants demanded the improvements ; certain it is, as Victor Hugo quaintly remarks, " the diameter of the press is the diameter of civilization. The press is force, be cause it is intelligence. It is the living clarion, and loudly announcest he ad vent of justice. Holding no account of night, except to salute the dawn, it be comes day and warns the world." Gen. Crook. We are rather sorry that George Crook didn't capture the Modocs. During the war it was observed ihat when Gen. Crook was sent after bushwhackers he never brought any into camp to be bothered with they always met with some accident. We remember an illus trative occasion. Crook, then Colonel of the Thirty-sixth Ohio, reported to Rosncrans at Cross Lanes, . after 4the battle of Carnifax Ferry. Rosecrans was delighted to see him, because he had a good helper. The bushwhackers were very troublesome. Crook was or dered to squelch them. About ten days afterward Crook come into headquarters looking like a man who had been sleep ing out o' nights. Rosecrans and the rest of us greeted him warmly, and, after a glass of water, said : Rosy " Well, Crook, what did you do ?" Crook " Cleaned out the bushwhack ers." Rosy "Didn't you take any pris oners ?" Crook (drawling) " Well, yes, I did have seven, but the d d fools fell off a tree and broke their necks." Headquarters took more water. Day ton Journal. A TSttfififild. Mans. . dog and a Berkshire woodchuck recent ly met in a clover held, and, as is usual at such meetings of antagonistic princi ples, a battle followed. They were equally matched in size and grit, and the hght was long and iunous, auu it became evident that whichever won Tniief. ftiYiWlrw Krn trrv The doer was the w.uuw j j r i j . - first to discover and employ it. By super-canine enorcs ne uraggeu m uu versary to a small brook near the battle field, and plunged him in, holding him there until the woodchuck was obliged to succumb, leaving the dog master of the situation. - Lemon Jellt Cake. Two cups of sugar, one small cup of butter, one-half cup of sweet milk, two and one-half cups of flour, four eggs, 1 teaspoon of cream tartar, one-half teaspoon of soda. Bake in thin layers. For the jelly take the juice and rind of three lemons, or five if small, one pound of sugar, one quarter of a pound of butter, six eggs ; beat together and scald like custard. When cool spread between the cakes. Ice the top, Visible Supply of Grain. The supply of grain, including stocks in store at the principal points of accu mulation at lake and seaboard ports, in transit on the lakes, the New York canals and by rail, June 14, 1873, was as follows : Wheat, Corn, Oat, Barley, Tnrtnriat bu. on. bu. bu. New York 174,035 621,196 306,025 13,850 Albany 14,500 10.200 60,500 29,200 Buffalo 92,989 180,538 123,855 Chicaeo 609.564 4.092.999 1,520,536 62,081 Milwaukee.... 482,000 107,000 315,000 20,000 Thtluth 128,245 Toledo, May 31 289,581 188,899 166,141 3,030 Detroit 89,474 70.1H3 60,124 5,991 OBweeo 250.000 40.000 25.000 30,000 St. IOllig.... .. 205,790 409,990 194,443 6,260 Boxton 31,009 47,140 205,310 7,779 Toronto 0O4.81 9 200 21,286 9,647 Montreal, Jn 1. 3K0,218 500,453 V,110 9,000 "Philadelpuia.. lfis.uoo l73,ow wyrno Baltimore 55.000 107.953 25.01W Lake hipm'te.l,338,779 1,279,190 228,387 1,170 Bail BhiimitH.. 160,226 125,499 851,347 4,874 OnN.Y.canals..l,027,433 606,015 249,754 Total 6,524,692 8,560,464 4,430,848 196,062 Tol Ju 15, 72.6,008,617 11,533,982 6,341,814 359,809 Estimated. And rye 643,525 bn. Typhoid Fever. At a recent lecture on typhoid at Guy s Hospital. Sir William liuil re marked that two hundred and fifty years ago one of the kings of England died of the ague, but now by improved agricul ture and drainage the disease had be come rare, and certainly few die of it. Typhoid fever, he asserts, is as prevent able as ague, and two hundred and fifty years hence deaths from it will be rare, The disease is caused by a virus of na ture, which may get into the healthy body, increase in it, and destroy it. xt is an accidental condition, and not one of the ordinary processes of nature. The origin of the disease is somehow or another connected with drainage ; it has therefore been called the filth fever, and to get rid of the filth is to get rid of the fever. This was illustrated in the case of the Milbank prison, where typhoid and dysentery were once thor oughly established, but where both al most wholly disappeared when the water supply was changed and efficient drainage provided. In closing his re marks on the treatment of the disease, the lecturer said that no man can ap proach a case of typhoid fever without paying some attention to hygiene. This he claimed was of the greatest import ance, and with it he would prefer to carry any one through the disease by wines, soups and fresh air, rather than by drugs. Oalaxy. Resurgam. A strange case of resuscitation lately took place at the hospital of the Val de Grace, at Paris. A man had hanged himself in the Rue St. Jacques, and having been cut down and examined by the medical men, was pronounced dead. The clinical lecturer, however, desired to try one last experiment, and he opened the chest and attempted artificial respir ation, but without success. He then applied the pole of an electrical battery to the pneumo-gastric nerves, and passed a strong , current at intervals of four seconds. Soon after some signs of respiration appeared, and in five min utes the cardiac pulsation was percep tible. The emclottis was tumefied, and the tongue had to be drawn out with pincers to leave a passage for the air. A few ounces of blood were obtained from the medioo-ceplralic vein, the dilated pupils contracted, the signs of life became more and more manifest, a few drops of alcohol were given, mus- , , - i -i i : ai. cniar contractions Decame vujiuio wim out electricity, warmth returned to the feet, the pulsation in the carotid arteries recommenced, and the patient was cured. to The Freedom of the Press The ConstitutionalConventionof Penn sylvania has incorporated the following into the new Bill of Rights for that State: "The printing press shall be free to every person who undertakes to examine the proceedings of the Legislature or any branch of the Government, and ho law shall ever be made to restrain the right thereof. The free communication of thoueht and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man, and every citi zen may freely speak, write, and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of the liberty. No conviction shall be had in anv prosecution for the publication of papers relating to the offi cial conduct of oxneers or men m puunc capacity, or to any other matter proper for public investigation or information, where the fact that such publication was not maliciously or negligently made shall be established to the satisfaction of the jury. And in all indictments for libel the jury shall have the right to deter mine the law and tho facts, under the direction of the court, as in other cases." " a in A Singular Strike. One most on record has just occurred in St. Louis. On the editorial staff of the German newspaper, the Amerika, is a gentle man named Regenaur, whose hand writing is said to be a wonder. For a long time the compositors in the Amerika office puzzled their brains to the verge of distraction in their efforts to decipher this gentleman's manuscript without complaint ; but at last, driven to desperation, they appointed a com mittee to wait on the proprietor of the journal, with the request that in future they should be paid a price and a half for putting Mr. Regenaur's copy in type. " The request was refused, where upon the compositors struck in a body. a a Singular Presentiment. A curiou'j presentiment in connection with the drowning of fl,i-aa astliruVlriswa O t. NfTPWftlk. COllll. . June 7. The day before the accident, Ur. liays, an assistant reacuer, .re marked to a fellow-teacher : " I have dreamed two nights in succession that three of our boys were drowned. It is very foolish to speak of it, but some how it haunts me, and please have a care to the boys when on the water." Wli i f r 4V.A firafc Vww wVin reached the house after the accident, came in drenched with water, the Doc tor exclaimed : " How bad is it? Who is drowned ?" and fell fainting into White's arms. "Is dem bells ringin' for fire, Tiberius ?" " No, sir. Dey got plenty o' fire ; dem bells is ringin for water 1" YOUNG GRIMES. Old Orimea ia dead that ood old man ; - We ne'er shall see him more ; Bnt he has left a von who bears The name that old Orimea bore. He wears a coat of latest cut, - His vest is new and Ray ; He cannot bear to see distress, So turns from it away.; ' I His pants and gaiters fitting sung O'er patent leather shoes ; His hair is by a barber curled He smokes cigars and chews. A chain of maasiTe gold Is borne , Above his nanhy vert ; His clothes are better every day Than were old Orimea' best. In fashion's court he constant walks, Where he delight doth shed ; His hands are white and very soft, But softer is his head. He's six feet tall no post mora straight His teeth are pearly white ; In habits he is sometimes loose, And sometimes very tight. His manners are of witching grace. His voice of sweetest tone ; His diamond pin's the very one That old Grimes used to own.- His mustache adorna his face, Hia neck a scarf of blue ; He sometimes goes to church for change, And sleeps In Orimea' pew. He has drank wine of every kind. And liquors cold and hot ; Young Grimes, in short, is jnst the aorfc - Of man old Grimes was not. Humorous. Ukdeb the weather Old Prob, A grant for the West The emi-grant. Figubks don't lie except when cooked. Wanted A slipper for the foot of a hilL .... . How to keep books Never lend them. The best sense in the world Reti cence. . An end always to be kept in view Dividend. New York does not find Hell Gate wide enough. ; : - What is that which never uses its teeth for eating purposes ? A comb. : , New reading of an old proverb Man proposes, and woman seldom refuses. ' It is saidthat the Digger Indians are never known to smile. They are grave Diggers. Why is nature like a baby ? Because there is generally a squall when its face washed. - - , CbabiiEs Sean said that a bad horse like a poor play ; it can't run, and it won't draw. . ' A young lady being asked her opinion of mustaches replied, " I always Bet my face against them." " Have you Goldsmith's Greece," was asked of the clerk in a store in which books and various miscellaneous articles were sold. "No," said the clerk, re flectively, " we haven't ' Goldsmith's Greece,' bnt we have some splendid hair-oil" Hands have they, yet steal not Clocks. Legs have they, yet walk not Tables. Teeth have they, yet chew not Combs. Lips have they, yet kiss not Pitchers. Eyes have they, yet see not Needles. Hearts have they, yet pity not Cabbages. Ears have they, yet hear not Old book leaves. . Arms have they, yet toil not Chairs. Mb. Cabfenteb. of Marquette. Mich.. had not the slightest idea he was about create an atmospherical disturbance when he knocked the ashes out of his pipe on the head of a powder keg. And when a fellow-workman conveyed all that was left of Mr. Carpenter to his wife in a bag, she quietly remarked : Just his luck. Hang him up in the wood-shed, where the cats won t get at him, till night" Governor's Salaries. The salaries of the Governors of the States range from $1,000 to $8,000 a year. Louisiana, the least able in her present financial condition, except perhaps South Carolina, to pay a big salary, pays $8,000 year for her Governor. McEnery and Kellogg could afford to divide as a com promise of political differences and still have better pay than a good many Gov ernors get. " California comes next in the lis , paying $,uuu a year, proDaoiy gold, though now that greenbacks are in circulation in the Pacific States, Gov. Booth may have to be content with . them. Nevada, the silver -State, thinks shecan afford $6,000a year forjthe luxury of a Governor, and pays it without grumbling. None of the other States pay more than $4,uuu, ana most, oi iueu 93.000 and under. The great State of New York pays but $4,000 for the able administration of uen. uix, wniie jlui nois gets the services of John L. Bev eridge for $1,500 a year. A Vermont Governor manages to get on with $1,000 year, but as he - watches over a far : more limited territory than Gov. Furnas, of Nebraska, who gets no more, he ought not to grumble. Cincinnati Commercial. Look Out for Horse-Thieves. sharp watch on all stragglers and i m i rruz strangers ouermg jioimm jm swo, vajla cago and her suburbs are infested with these villainous pests, who make nightly raids on the stables in and around the city. Many valuable equines have turned up missing lately. It is the prac tice of the thieves to run them into the agricultural districts and dispose of them to unsuspecting I aimers, wno are oniy too willing to buy because an apparently ; cheap bargain is offered, which in too ' many instances proves to be no bargain A -11 f-annAnf.lv fl,A atfllnn Ub BU, 1W . J A J animal is traced and recovered, and the purchaser has to whistle for tne money he has paid to the thief. Farmers in the country cannot be too carefuL "Forewarned is forearmed." Chicago paper. -- - A French writer proposes to photo graph dispatches to microscopic minute ness, and blow them through a pneumatic tube sunk under the water, as under the Dover Straits. At the end of their jour ney the dispatches would be reproduced in their natural size.