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JATON EMOCRAT. 1 LY . L. t. GOULD, Publisher. -, Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and "the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annum, In Advance, VOL. VI.--NO. 45. -. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1873. WHOLE NUMBER 331. THE SPRIG OF GREEN. At Fredericksburg on that dread day, Ere yet the strife began ; Along the battle-line of Blue The General order ran. Win we or loae ; our conntry Vcurse Upon the wretch who shirks, But honor to the roan that dies The nearest to the works. Before them rose the giant range Of hills in martial round. From whose grim tope all bodefully, The bristling cannon frowned. No break within that iron line. But neath from left to right ; And Meagher with his Irish lay Before Saint Harye'a height. 37e gloom was there, but every face As careless and as bright As if it was a wedding morn, And not a day of fight. And in their caps though all around Nor tree nor shrub was seen They wore heaven knows from whence cured Each man a sprig of green. .Not long they waited for the'sound That told the strife begun ; Hark 1 from the river's further side, It is the signal gun. A thousand cannon from the bills Bellowed in fierce acclaim, And all the mighty line of blue Swept upward through the flame. Of what avail are words to paint The strife that none can tell, The hurrah from the Union host : The wild Confederate yell. The saber's clank; the horseman tramp; me scream off snot and sneii : And groans of dying men, that went To make the mimic hell. All day against those awful heights Our lines were hurled in vain ; All day the shattered ranks closed up But to be torn again, Until the sun withdrew her light ' As if for very shame ; ' ' And night came down upon the field - To end the bloody game. The morning broke all fair and bright Upon the dead array. And lovingly on hill and plain The blessed sunbeams lay. The fight was done, the field was won, - The blue had lost the day ; And from their works all curiously 8 warmed down the men in gray. Thick lay the slain, like sheaves of grain. Ripened by battle suns ; But one had died beyond the rest, A stone's east from the guns. They raised him softly, for the brave - Bespecfthe brave I ween, And in his cap, uu withered still. They found sprig of green. Of all the thousands lying round, Close locked In death's embrace. That oue though all were brave and true From death had got such grace. No bearded soldier old in wars, Had won the happy place ; He who died nearest to the works Had only a boy's face They buried him jnst where he fell, . These foemen with rude art, They said that he had earned the place By his undaunted heart. And one a poet in his soul, . - Though rough in garb and mien Slanted upon the simple mound The dead boy's sprig of green. The brave man dies, but the brave deed With death will not be found ; And travelers say, that to- this day, The children playing round, Can point the atranger to the spot, The fairest in the scene, The grave where sleeps the Irish boy Who wore the sprig of green. Danbury News. HUNG IN ARMOR. you ever at Gairskittery ? No ? 'Well, never go ; for measles, famine, quacks, unpaid bills, tight Btays, bad wine, and the ringleader of all our dem agogues came from thence ; so I will sot describe it. The reader always likes to have some share in the book or article he is reading. It flatters him -when the writer concludes that he knows enough to fill up details." I will merely mention that my tale begins at 12 o'clock m. ; that the month is August ; that the trembling aspen trees were on one side of the road, and the broad sea on the other. Don't you perceive that you know all the rest ? that the trees are green, tne ocean restless and dazzling, the sun hot, and the road intolerably dusty ? And now imagine oo this road, back in the medieval ages, not Mr. G. P. R. James solitary horseman, but two men, father and son, both shrewd country fellows, trottinsr along on two donkeys. " Shall-we get there in time ? " quoth the son. " Yes, it cornea off at 2 o'clock, and now it is only a quarter past 12." I want to see it very much. No doubt he will be hung with stolen armor on him." " Yes, and that will be a grander sight than a black coat and a white tie." ". How did he get the idea of stealing a coat of mail ? - S Not a hard idea tosret.": No, it was the armor that was hard to get." said the son, who wanted to be wittv. " Was it very handsome ? ". " Magnificent ! All inlaid with cold." " And was he caught as he carried it off?" - " Yes, for a suit of armor is not . .moved about as silently as a feather bed : so he very soon came to a place called ' Stop ! I Rfn i " " Did the servants in the castle catch him?" " Not they they were frightened ; " Of course.' interrupted tne son, " else there would be no fun in being a robber, " Nor any excitement in being robbed. JtJut they did not think that there was any robber in the case." "What then?". " They thought it was a ghost. The rascal, who was as b trout? as a horse, carried the suit of armor in front of him, so that it looked as if a giant or the Gommendatore in Don Uiovanni was tramping down the stairs. It made a most horrible noise. Unluckily for the.tliief, the lord of the castle, who was as bold as Baron Munchausen, and feared neither ghosts nor men, had not vet cone to bed. He had been absorbed in reading a heroic book called Saueekv.' which was written in country where they have abolished the have-nis-carcass act, ana an tne .Brig adier Generals are Presidsnte of col leges. He was quietly ascending the stairs as the thief was coming down, and he just arrested him ; and as they lived in a country where honest -men can recover their own, the Baron sent him off to prison." " And he was tried? " Yea, and sentenced to be hung in the stolen armor. ' But why. in the name of old Nixon 1" " Aha ! The lord of the castle knew ery well what he was about. He had keen eye to the main chance ; a suit of armor in which a man has been hung is talisman. He had conceived a scheme greater than any ever concocted in the windy brain of a first-class political economist. He would wear this armor in the impending war; and the story preading far and wide, the enemy s knees would double up with fear, and no one would dare to touch the man cased in that awful suit." How very clever ! Come, let us hurry ; for after hearing all this I would give all l nave, and a little more, too, to see the hanging." fck the father and son jogged on, and half an hour after they reached Gair skittery. There was an immense crowd in the square. In the center was a very hue gallows, of magnificent rosewood, not very tall, for the criminal was a low fel low ; but still there was ample room for him to dance between heaven and earth, and the rope was already twisting about in the wind like an eel hung up by his tail. ' The criminal would have an uninter- upted view of the ocean, if that was any consolation ; and besides, those who know Bay that hanging is not un pleasant. Our two donkey-men pushed into the crowd and waited with the rest, but with less fatigue than the rest, as they were mounted. They did not have to wait long. At precisely 2 o'clock the prison gates swung open, and the procession ap peared. The robber was dressed in the splen did armor. He was mounted on an ass. with his head turned toward its tail." His hands were tied'behind him. Judging by his attitude his reflections were not agreeable. They rode him in front of the gallows. It was an unwelcome sight. He was wishing that he. knew nothing about what was happening to him ; he envied little dog that somebody kicked. A butterfly flew past. He thought it in- ulting to him, which was rather a hasty induction ; but he had very little time to correct errors in reasoning, for the hangman put up his ladder, and the priest read the sentence. The thief never stirred : and the spectators watched the motionless fig ure, and hoped that he would not be guilty of the audacious swindle of dying before he was hung. They ordered him to get down, but he remained silent and motionless as the Sphinx. ... Then the irritated hangman seized him by the arms and pulled him down, and stood him on the ground. In one minute he had gone through the alpha bet from an upright I te a zig-zag Z. - Is there anything you want ? growled the hangman. " xes." " What is it ? and be quick. "My pardon." The judge and the lord of the castle ihrugged their shoulders, and motioned to the hangman to proceed. He tried to make the thief go up the ladder, but it was no easy matter. It is really absurd, but you have no idea of the difficulty of persuading some people to die. - With superhuman effort the hangman hoisted him up, and nearly exploded himself in doing it, while the thief kept praying that Heaven a gift would give him, which would enable him to evapo rate then and there into ammoniacal or demoniacal gas : and condense comfort ably back again somewhere outside of LtairsKiiiery. But making personal use of gases was not so common in those days as now ; so the noose was slipped around his neck, . and with a vigorous kick the hancrman launched him into space. The crowd applauded and shuddered, . - and little children, with long curls float ing behind them like golden clouds, were held up by their mothers, the bet ter to Bee the show. The body twisted and turned, and then hung down still. ..The Z became 1 again. The men on the donkeys had watched breathless till it was over. " Well." said the Son. "the poor wretch has paid dear for not stealing the armor. But he meant to steal it, and the will 'has been- made to suffer for the deed. Javelins I it was not very pleas ant to see. Twenty minutes after, our travelers trotted away. They stopped in the little town, where they had money to re ceive, and toward nightfall they departed for home, quite riotous with good luck and good spirits : for they had collected their money and were also filled with wine. The next day, just before daylight, two soldiers came from the eastle to take down the body, and to return the now invaluable armor to their lord. But thev met wtth an unexpected surprise The gallows was there, and the rope twisting in the wind, but the man in armor was not. The soldiers rubbed their eyes and clanged their . sabers and brandished their txleaxes : then they stabbed, poked, pricked, scratched, and ripped up all the bushes far and near, but no man in armor turned up. any more than the one who was to be cut down ; and what was strangest of all, the rope was neither broken nor severed, but just as it had been before the execution took place. ast they nurried home to tell the unwelcome news to the lord of the cas tle, who would not believe them, but Bet, out to look for himself. He was such a high and mighty lord that he thought the criminal thought he might be there to oblige him, and so it was pity that he saw just what the others had described. What had become of the dead man for dead he was, as all the people knew. Had some other thief taken advantagi of the night to carry oft tne armor That was plausible : but what did he want of the body? Had bis friends and relations been there? That was not unlikely, only he had no friends relations, and if he had, they J would have taken the body and then left the armor. The lord of the castle was in despair, He was " sold," as they say in these de generate days. He advertised a great reward ; no oue oame for it. He caused all the houses to be searched. It was bootless! Then be consulted wise a ? or man of ancient Gotham, the 'same who had planted a hedge around the cuckoo to keep spring all the year, and to him he propounded this question : " Mow can a man who has been hung escape from a rope by which he is sus pended ?" The wise man from Uotham took three weeks to study upl this grave subject, - and gave this answer, " He annot. Then the lord of the castle put this question : A thief who could not steal when he is alive, being condemned to death for stealing can he steal after he is dead?" The wise man sat with his chin upon his hand, and looked as wise and old as anything except the difference be tween right and wrong, and replied, Yes." The lord of the castle asked him, How ?" He said he could not tell : and he was the wisest man of his time. They sent him home, and began to think that the thief was a sorcerer, and ordered masses to allay his vindic tive spirit, for they believed that he would take speedy vengeance on the lord of the castle and all who helped to hang him. And the lord of the castle wan dered about asking for his armor from man, from woman, and from the devil, who he now believed had personated the thief. Nothing came of it. At last, he was just about to give it up, when one morning as he awoke a great noise and shouting reached his ears, coming from the direction of the public square. His servants rapped hurriedly upon his door, and, as he opened it, they screamed out together : " My lord, my lord, do you Know what nas hap pened t "No; but if you will hold your tongues long enough, I am going to ask. What is it?" "A miracle 1" "Really?" "Yes! the criminal he is there on the gallows, with your armor, and dead !" "Dead?" " Quite dead I Only" " Well." "Did he have spurs on when he was hung ? Steel spun, my lord 2" , mo." " But he has them now," cried the men, their eyes roiling wuaiy mm fright ; and then they gasped out in awful whispers, " And his helmet, my lord 1 His helmet is not on his head. He has taken it off. He has placed it carefully on the ground, and he hangs bare-headed 1" - The lord of the castle turned pale. There was nothing like it in " Sqeeky " -not even a pumpkin ghost or a paste board bogy to be scared at. It was con trary to nature for a dead man to come back and Hang himself again contrary to natnre in every sense : and in those medieval ages there were no foxes to say and geese to believe that spirits came back. It must be the Monarch of Evil himself ! - But -the Baron himself had never been . afraid of man, or the potentate just mentioned, and he was not going to begin now ; so with a deep returning flush on his face, the expres sion of which grew nrmer every moment, he dressed himself quickly and ran down to the square. It was even so. The thief hung bare headed, the spurs on his feet, the hel met on the ground beneath him ; and everybody shouting. "A miracle! a miracle I He has repented, cried some, "and nnmfl back and rekuner himself 1" ' He has always been here, cried the others, " only his sorcery concealed him!" But why those spurs? He must have been gone away on some unfin ished business. What a fool to come backatall!" As for the Baron, surer than ever of the inestimable, life-preserving talis man which he who wore the armor would possess, he carried off his prop erty triumphantly. He took the spurs, too, which" was practical justice, per haps, but not exactly a point of honor. The " Saturday Review" of those me dieval days gave three versions of this strange story. The wise man of ancient Gotham de clared, through the pages of the " Re view, that if at the last moment the sufferer had will enough, he might ab sorb his body -into his will, and, as the will is invisible, tne oooy wouia pe in- viftihiA liR-AwiflA hn f, the body reap peared at the end of a month because his will suddenly " caved in," so to say. This was a capital theory, and might be essayed by all the poor dear murderers, if they could see that it led to anything at all satisfactory in the end, which it don t. The next version was offered by Dr, Phthisgig, who was then delivering lectures in the Center of Creation, otherwise called " The Hub." The Review had just reported a remarka ble one, in which the learned Doctor proved inductively, deductively, pro ductively and seductively, that spiders carried their ears on their legs. This profound philosopher maintained that the animal on the gallows escaped, but being pursued by an awful phantom called Remorse, he could not endure his life lenger than a month, and had come back to be pious and good, and to do justice on himself. Dear old PhthiiKg I honor him for believing that there something divine in the worst natures. True, when his wife puts her boots on of a morning, she finds little snakes squirming up, which the good man has tucked up in the boots to keep safe and warm over night. But never mind, his heart is all right, and he is the simplest pleasantest, kindliest old Dominie Sampson of a philosopher in the Hub which is saying octavo volumes, where so many good, and pious, and learned philosophers do congregate. But thirdly, and finally, a medieval reporter, who had " interviewed every- bodv upon whom he could lay hands, declared that those country fellows go ing home at night passed the gallows their way. A long and pitifnl gmn sounded their isvsrtiea ears. " Jevelins !" exclaimed the father, what's that?" The sou tumbled upside down off the donkey, and yelled with all his might. O h I groaned the man on tne gallows ; " have mercy ! help me down !" With quaking knees the father mount ed the ladder, and found that the rope had caught round the helmet instead of the neck of the thief, who was as alive as alive could be. Accordingly he took him down, and, penetrated with pity.thetwomen carried turn to their home. Alas ! why is it that a man who has once stolen will steal again ? Is it force of habit, methodic science, special, in nate depravity, or predestination ? Sheltered, fed, and kindly treated, this scamp made up his mind to steal the countryman's donkeys, his daughter, and the spurs, which were an heirloom of value. In fact, there was nothing else of value to steal. And so one night when the church clock chimes struck the last quarter to eleven, there was a sudden cry in the countryman's house, "Help! help! murder !" for the gag with which the thief had sought to stifle her cries had fallen, from the young girl's mouth. In an instant, with a horrible oath, her father was on him. He threw him down : he stamped his foot upon his prostrate body ; he lifted the fellow and hurled m-m across the room ; ne nustied him into another, and there, with his son's help, he bound him fast, and the next night the two men carried the wretch back to the gallows, dressed in the stolen armor, and taking off the helmet to make sure this time that the rope fitted his neck, once more he was swung into the air, and this time he hung by the neck till he was dead. The spurs, which were buckled on the heels of the mailed boots, they forgot to remove. The young girl was safe, and one does not think of trifles at such times. Of these three versions you can choose which vou please. As for the lord of tne casue, ne pui on his armor, which was to be such a sure talisman against squibs, and crackers, and boiling pitch, and guns, and sallabalas. and lightning, and itriding off to the wars, he was killed the very hrst man. vaiaxy. A Wooden Railroad—Fifteen Miles an Hour with Ease. The Clarendon (S. C.) Press contains lengthy account of the wooden rail road of tramway which has been lately built, and which brings Manning Uourt- House in communication with the out side world : The South Carolina Central railroad had been allowed to drop through the hands of the onginal projectors, and a considerable amount of cutting-out and grading had been accomplished, when Messrs. Lane and Pritchett, large tur pentine distillers, doing a very large business, purchased the right oi way and set about to construct a road that would take their products to market. The road from Manning to J-ianes Turnout, on the Northwestern railroad, was cleaned out and graded and laid with scantling. This road is fifteen and a half miles long. The bed is con structed precisely as all other railroads are. The whole structure aDove tne bed is precisely similar to other rail roads, except in place of iron, this road has wooden stringers, four oy nve inches, fastened down to the cross-ties bv long iron spikes passing through both stringer and cross-tie, mating me stringer both steady and firm. These stringers are hve inches upon tneir iace, and the tracks or wheels of the running stock are five inches upon their face. The friction in running being distrib uted over wide surfaces, the .injury to the rails will be much less. The flanges of the wheels are two and a half inches deep, thereby pre venting any probability of running off. A portion of the road has been in opera tion nve montns, over wnicn trains nave been running daily, and most of the wits strmgers are smoom. ine roiig on the road is common, out quiwj eiie- UaV . Ln engine wuaw. . xlxj out is sumcien!, lo cixjr "ts"' tJCU. Of 1UOA1(Uj tU Wiu cr- v. Auaruvu tier hour. The proprietors are now gone to the North for anotter engine of capacity. le road is regarded as a success, and answers ail tne pur- poses oi a nrst-ciassiron road. ineroi has cost about $1,200 per mile. By this iiir a nm r. i -s.t n 1 1' r 1 1 it i v . i r. road 50,000 pounds can be sent twice a day. Drinking Water. is Drinking wine is a habit ; so - iner spirits, ale, cider, coffee and water. The last is thought a necessity; Dut to drink much is a habit. Some people drink little, not .because their cons titu tions reauire less than others : it is their habit. These people never per- Bpire so much as hose who drink more. The more that is drank, the more water passes away, or the system would suf fer. As it is, the strain affects it. The skin, the kidneys, bowels, lungs, are all drawn upon. The result is, as may be naturally expected, exhaustion. For this reason the man who drinks much water, particularly during the summer and in the hottest weather, is less able to endure fatigue. The water is of no benefit to him that is the excess. It must pass away, and this requires an effort of the system, which is the sweat ing process. Had he not the excess of water, he would not have perspired so; it would not have been there for the system to expeL By the habit of drink ing so much a false thirst is created. We should drink only what is needed. The habit of drinking more will soon be overcome, and the person will feel much stronger, and more capable of bearing fatigue, in winter little lood is needed, beyond what our food furnishes; in summer, some more, but not much, Country Gentleman. in There are in the United States establishments for the manufacture silk, employing 6,649 hands. This in dustry is confined to the seven States JNew Jersey, Connecticut, jNew lork, Pennsylvania. Massachusetts, Vermont. and New Hampshire, the two first States named producing more than half of the entire product. A BRAVE ACT. A Kentucky Student at Heidelberg Saves Life and Wins a Wife-She is a Countess and Rich. At the gala regatta of the South Ger man Boating Association at Mannheim, in Baden, on the 13th of "June, there took place an event which shed consid erable luster on American gallantry and which ended in a most romantic man ner. On the above-mentioned day the banks of the Rhine were lined with spectators, among which the South German aristocracy was fully repre sented. Just as the crews of four boat ing societies were speeding past the last pillar of the new bridge a thrilling spectacle attracted all eyes. A hand some young lady, most elegantly dressed, who had been leaning over the low railing of the bridge, suddenly lost her balance and fell into the water, which was at least seventy-five feet un derneath. Two or three heart-rending shrieks burst from the lips of those standing near, and then the thousands of spectators, losing all interest in the race, looked with breathless suspense for the result of this terrible accident. The poor young lady struck the water heavily, and disappeared at once. The Rhine at that place is deep and rapid ; and when the aged father of the unfor tunate lady, in a voice of agonizing grief, offered a princely reward to who soever would save 1ns daughter, there was no response. All at once a tail young man, in the costume of a German student, and wear ing the gold embroidered cap of the Vaudal Society, of Heidelberg, rushed to the left bank of the river and plunged boldly into the water a leap of thirty feet. There was a loud shout of applause, and then again a pause of breathless silence. All eyes were rivet ed on the gallant swimmer as he strug gled against the rapid current at the very spot where the lady disappeared. lie -dived down. What a minute oi suspense ! But all at once a heavy bur den fell from all those oppressed hearts. The swimmer emerged from the depth, and on his arm held the senseless body of the young lady. Another shout of applause rang the welkin. Now two boats rowed rapidly toward the pair, and they did not come any too soon, for the young swimmer was visibly growing faint. . and when he, with his fair bur den, was drawn into the boats, he sank down with utter exhaustion. When the boat reached the left bank, the young hero was at once the object of a fer vent ovation, while the young woman s father took the latter in his arms and carried her, still in an unconscious state, into a carriage. The young hero was a Kentuckian named Clarence Goodwin, a law student at the university of Heidelberg. The oldest and most experienced fisherman on the Rhine pronounced his exploit a truly heroic deed, and already on the following morning the urana uuke of Baden conferred on young Uoodwin, who is only nineteen years old, the large golden medal for deeds of courage and devotion. But still a greater reward awaited him. The young lady whose life he had saved, and who, notwith standing the terrible shock she had suf fered, had soon revived, was the only daughter of the Count of Reigera, one of the wealthiest South German noble men. Her father went himself to the savior of his daughter, and after thank ing him in the most touching manner. bronght him to the young Countess. The latter thanked young Goodwin with tears in her eyes, and said that her life long gratitude belonged to him. JLur- ing the next few days the two were seen frequently together on the public prom enade, and everybody in Mannheim be lieves that they are engaged to be mar ried. Jsouisvzue vouner-journal. A Leipsic Tragedy. determined to bravenged. Having ao greater . , . of the .eachery J the A terrible tracedv is narrated bv the German papers, lierr bchwemuoll, a merchant of Leipsic, aged 65 years. alter losing his hrst wile, married a young girl oi lo, who, ol course, was i .i t ii. u in. SchVeinhoff had by his first wife a son, , ml. . . - . rathp.r wild. Qn returnmp. home after two years absence, the son, acred 25 years, com menced a liaison with his step-mother, O-l i3t 4 A - - . awaited his 0pWrtunity. On T tjnnV a Ws" n1 -orfft . i . . - -. .. country house then occupied Dy his wne. imwrmg ine grounds, ne saw ner and his son seated at the edge of. a small once put spurs to his steed and trampled the woman under the horee s feet, bhe, hying, fell into the lake. The son sprang upon the lather, and, during struggle which ensued after Schweinhoff had been pulled from his horse, he stab bed him fourteen times in the face and breast with a poniard which the father had carried in his own belt. Then he ran to the rescue of his - mistress, and leaped into-tne water, out nis sirengxn failed him before he reached her. The lifeless remains of the guilty pair were recovered an hour later. Permanent Lemonade. of of Some competent sanitary and bibu lous authority asserts that when people feel the need of an acid, if they would let vinegar alone, and use lemons or ap ples, they would feel just as well satis- ned and receive no injury- -a- sugges tion may not come amiss as to a good plan when lemons are cheap in the mar ket. A person should then purchase several dozen at once and prepare them for use in the warm, weak days 01 spring and summer, when acids, especially cit ric and molic, or the acid of lemons, are so grateful and useful. .Press your hand on the table to make it squeeze more easily : then press the juice into bowl or tumbler never into tin ; strain out all the pulp from the peels to tract the acid. A few minutes' boiling is enousrh : then strain the water with the iuice of the lemons : put a pomul white susrar to a pint of the juice ; boil ten minutes, bottle it, and your lemon ade is ready. Put a tablespooniul two of this lemon syrup in a cIhfb water, and yon have cool, healthful drink. PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY. Officers of the State Granges, and their Officers of the State Granges, and their Postoffice Address-Number of Granges Organized. ILLINOIS. Master Afonzo Gordon, Bock Falls. O. JS. ualt. MINNESOTA. Master George L Parsons, Winona. Secretary William Paist, St. Paul. IOWA. Master A. B. Smedley, Cresco. Secretary Gen. WUliam Daane Wilson, Pes Moines. WISCONSIN. Master Col. John Cochrane, Wanpon. Secretary J. Brainerd, Oshkosh. INDIANA. Master John Weir, Terre Hante. Secretary T. Reene, Valparaiso. - KANSAS. Master T. C. V. Boling, Jacksonville. Secretary George W. Spurgeon, Jackson ville. NEBRASKA. Master William B. Porter. Secretary William McCaig, Elmwood. TENNESSEE. Master William Maxwell, Maxville. Secretary J. P. McMnrray, Trenton. NORTH CAROLINA. Master W. S. Battle, Tarboro. Secretary C. W. Lawrence, Fayetteville. ARKANSAS. Master John T. Jones, Helena. John S. Devall s Bltiff. MISSISSIPPI. Master Gen A. J. yanerin. Early Grove. Secretary W. L. Williams. SOUTH CAROLINA. Master Thomas Taylor, Colombia. Secretary CoL D. Wyatt, Coksbury. VERMONT. Master E. P. Cotton, Irasbnrg. E. L. Hovey, St. Johnsbary. - OHIO. Master -8. H. Ellis, Springsboro. Secretary D. M. Stewart, Xeuia. MICHIGAN. Master S. F. Brown, Schoolcraft. A. M. Coffee, Knob Noster. GEORGIA. Master Col. I. J. Smith, Oconee. Secretary E. Taylor, Colapaohee. CALIFORNIA. Master J. W. A. Wright, Tnrlock. Secretary W. H. Baxter, Tnrlock. NUMBER OF GRANGES. Ttia following is the number of Grano-es or ganized in the United States up to this date: Alabama. 21 New York 8 Arkansas " 26 California. 35 Oregon 12 Georeia 73 North Carolina Ohio , Pennsylvania. . . South Carolina. Tennesse Texas Vermont Virginia... .. ... Louisiana. Michigan Mississippi.. ... 80 30 9 131 60 1 24 Illinois 562 Indiana 266 Iowa 1,763 Kansas 399 Kentucky 1 Massachusetts ... 1 Minnesota 237 Missouri 483 New Jersey 3 3 11 40 189 Nebraska. 300 West Virginia. ... 2 Colorado 2 Wisconsin 1st Dakota 11 Canada 8 Trees and Rainfall. a The effect of trees on the rainfall of a country is no longer a question. A peach tree gives off eighteen pounds, or about two gallons, ox moisture every twelve hours. The evaporation from the earth through trees is immense ; the roots often draw from springs them selves, and throw off through their branches great volumes of humid air. Especially is this true in Nebraska. where, at the depth of twenty feet, white sand is struck, and this Band is so full of water that, in many places, subter raneous streams have been formed, which have been frequently found when boring shafts or wells. The great currents of air which leave the Pacific coast humid and warm empty in Bnows on the Rocky Mountains, and. leaving the mountains dry, they sweep over the vast plains, finding no moisture to take up until tney pass over tne mis- soon and Aussissippi. when, naving be come again charged, they empty in Illi nois and Wisconsin. In Wyoming Ter ritory, the dearth is almost complete : but in Nebraska the heavily-timbered heads of her streams give some humid ity, and the clouds empty in frequent showers along the Ixiups, iMiobrara, Plattes, Elkhorn, and Missouri. Those who have watched the effect of forests on rainfalls say that, by commencing at the edge of the dry belt, the forests, and consequent rainfalls, may gradually be extended across the whole of the dry belt. So we might commence, say 200 miles west of Omaha, and, by gradually Elanting trees westward, increase the umidity of the atmosphere, until the required moisture for rain is reached all over the plains. In Germany the Kibe lost 18 percent. of its flow in consequence of cutting away the trees along its banks, exposing the waters to the hot sun and conse quent increased evaporation. The island of. Santa Cruz, in the West Indies, which twenty years ago was a garden of fertility, is now a desert the result 01 cutting away the forests. The theory is this : The dry currents of air are re- ... . . -4. . eIevated eievated until a - t of 'condensation is reached. point of condensation is reached. Kadi- ation is also prevented, tne air cooieo, and the clouds passing over forests are rendered more easily condensed. Elec tricity is also a great agent, the trees beinsr netratively charged, and drawing with a great power the positively-charged clouds. I advance these theories with no hesi tating doubts, for they are no longer experiments, but facts, demonstrated by positive experience ana miowieugu vi j, , -1 .overn the atmosnhere. Cor. Chicago Tribune. a of Cunning IiITTlk Toads. It is certain that Shakespeare's idea of the toad was inaccurate in two respects. The toad is not " uarly and venomous," and does not wear " a precious jewel in its head. The Eev. J. G. Wood, that excellent naturalist and charming writer, assures us that his children had a trough full of tame toads, each of which answers to its own particular name and comes when called. The children, he says, carry them round the garden, and hold them up to any insect they may chance to f anov. to enable them to swallow it. which they do by a lightning flash of their glutinous toncrues. Nay. more their tender care for their unlovely pets is so great that they bathe and kiss them daily, he declares, just as they them selves are treated by their nurse, upon one occasion one 01 the children, who had received an orange, was seen with her owu especial toad seated on her hand, partaking with his mistress of the orange in alternate sucks or bites, or of To Remove Iron Rust. Take the iuice of a lemon and drop on the spots and lay the articles out in tne sun, wnen the rust will soon disappear. A SERENADE. From the folds of your snow-white pillow, My love, my beautiful, rise, And come to the casement window, . Where the wind through the cedars sighs. Star and planet are leaping Out through the cloudless bine ; Planet and Htar are weeping And wondering where are yon. The moon, like a royal maiden. Sits on her cloud-built throne, And the breath of the dainty tulips From t? e garden paths is blown ; Under the drooped narcissus The bulbul sit and sings And the leaves of the rose are brushing The dew from the wind's light wings. Under thy leafy casement. Sweet, I sm waiting still, WatchiDg the lamp-lit lattice Till thy hand on the window-sill Bustles the dainty rose-lesves That lovingly cluster there Sighing till somebody culls them To twine in thy dark-brown hair. My own, my beautiful Nina, Gome, till my love I pour Come, till I tell the passion My heart can hide no mon Till I sit in the rich sweet luster Of thy dark-blue eyes divine, And bless in a blissful rapture . The hour that shall make thee mine. Shine out, O shimmering planet 1 0 panting shadow, lie still I Methinks 'tis the rim of hsr raiment 1 see by the window-sill ; Hush, bulbul under the roses 1 Oh, rapture ! the hour draws near ! Silence, thou restless zephyr ! 'Tis her step, His her voice I hear ! " Do you think we have all gone mad, sir 7 In truth, I wish you'd leave off ; I'm dying to-night with a toothache. And your howling wont cure my cough. -Tie really strange, tis monstrous, How little of sense remains. Or even of common politeness, When folks get love on their brains." Harper's Weekly. Humorous. Natdbaii suppers Eels. Cheeky "swEuas" Mumps. Net profits A fisherman's. . When does a man feel trirliah ? When . he makes his maiden speech. , Why is an overworked horse like an umbrella ? Because it is used up. ; . Don't worry your neighbor's cats. Respect, by all means, his felines. Josh Billings says that a red herring will keep a man dry better than an um- - brelia. When a urirl falls in love with an un lucky Irishman her heart' always goes pity-Pat. . ' "I'm going to draw this beau into a . knot," a lady said, when standing at the -hymeneal altar. ; Why is a talkative young man like a Soung pig ? Because, if he lives, he is kely to become a great bore. A iiADY correspondent wants to know why, since the invention of needle-guns, women can't fight as well as men. Why do people talk about the idle wind ? It is almost always active, and, . - like a cheerful farmer, whistles as it works. FRESH DANBERRIES. [From the Danbury News.] If there is room for one more in that balloon of the Graphic's, there is a young man in uanbury who can nil it. He lives opposite us and plays an ac cordion. He might object to running the risk, but he could be stunned by a blow on the head, and got into the bal loon before he recovered. ' ' Wx saw, a man who was crossing White street, yesterday, pick up a lump of coal and put it in his pocket ' There," we said to ourself, " is a truly economical man. He is not afraid to save. He realizes that a penny saved is a penny earned, and he will profit by . it." Then he stepped into a saloon to get a drink, and we moved on. A North Main street gentleman saw his boy in front of the house throwing a -ball in the air, last evening, lie hadn't played ball himself for thirty years, and knew nothing of the kind of . ball base-ball clubs have introduced in the last few ears. but he felt the old spirit rising in him at the memory of former triumphs, and ne nia up ms hands and told his son to "let her slide." She slid. He caught it full and fair, and then dropped it, and started into the house,, with his eyes full of tears, and his lands pressed under his arms. The youth subsequently informed an other boy that he could plainly hear the old man s bones snap. A D anbury man of statistical turn can tell how many stalks of oats there, are' in the average acre. He has count- ed the hairs on his children s heads, and has the number pasted in their hats. He keeps company waiting while he demonstrates the number of tendons there were in the animal from which came the steak, and will stop people in the street when they are in a hurry ana hold them until he explains how many threads form the garment which they may have on. People at hrst were struck with admiration for the brain that man carries with him, but now they wish he would die. The pastor of the Slawson church sends us the following item: Ihe church, as will be remembered, is hold- . ing a series of revival meetings, wmcn , are largely attended. Prominent among the speakers is Rev. Mr. Chaffee, of Illinois. Last Faiday evening the build ing was crowded, and Mr. Chaffee was considerably animated. He was sitting in a chair at the front, his wonderfully long legs crossed, and his voice sending forth a volume of song. The upper leg was swinging majestically, the motion increasing as the singing advanced. They had just reached that part of the hymn where it says, " Then I can safely reach my home, my God, my heaven, my all," and Mr. Chaffee was doing his level best, and had just got out Then I can Bafely reach my home," when the oscillating limb- came suddenly in con tact with a miserable dog that had in some way got into the house, and sent it flying and howling under one of the benches. Of courwe Mr. Chaffee was surprised, 'but when a little woman popped up in the galleay and shook an ominous looking umbrella at him, and cried in a voice of passion, "You kick that dog again, yon Ulinoy giraffe, and you won't safely reach your home, " he was more than astonished he was fairly macadamized. He subsequently told our informant that "he never before was so completely flabergaBted, so thor oughly eireumbobolated, whatever tht means.