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Wj EEKLY EMOCRAT. , L. O. GOULD, Publisher. Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and. the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annnm, in Advance, VOL. VI.--NO. 48. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1873. WHOLE NUMBER 334. THE DEVIL OUTDONE. Old Kick came up to the earth one day. And into old Washington wended hie war. And baring huh hours to spend for call.. He thought he would visit our national halls. On arriving there he crossed the sill As discussion was hot on the Salary bill. Now Old Nick, as everybody knows, Has power to change both himself and clothes, So, seeing a Senator's vacant chair, 2resto, change 1 and he waa there 1 And he said, as his eyes o'er the assembly ran, 44 Wouldn't I make a splendid Congressman ?" The bill was read, and the devil sat there, Tilted back in his easy chair, With no particular interest in It, Till there came a pause of about one minute ; And in a voice that was full of dread The " back -action" clause of the bill was read. . Old Nick sat up with interest now. To see what the honorable (?) body would do. - Tor surely," said he, " they haven t sunk so low, That they can psss that bill clear through ; It surely must be some hideous joke. Or my imps have overdone their work." The on was read and the ayes were called, And the devil sat there like one appalled ; And tLa basest thing which he ever saw Was this wholesale theft under the guise of law. To look any further there is no use. Tor all mesn things this bests the deuce." 44 Tar thousands of years I've wandered "round Trying to see if there could be found In the universe a lower level Than that which is occupied by the devil t My search was fruitless by sea and land TiU I met an American Congressman. If men like these are to Congress sent 111 run my chances for President." Old Nick left town that very day, But he was heard to mutter as he passed away : 111 let that ' Forty-second' alone, For if I dont theyTl steal my throne I" BUSHWHACKER REMINISCENCES. [Stopes Mound (Mo.) Letter to the Galesburg Free Press. B topes Mound is an elevation of about one hundred feet, covering an area, perhaps, of twenty acres, and is visible for miles around. The country is new in " these 'ere parts," and the natural beauty of the landscape remains unchanged. There are Btfll many representatives -left of that rough class of men who pained such an unenviable reputation during the war as bushwhackers. Their leaders, however, are being driven out, and their acts of lawlessness are seldom heard of. A short while ago the last of these " chieftains " met his death in an attempt to rob a bank at Chillicothe. His pals were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment, and the people now experiense a greater sense of safety. Learning that an old resident lived near by who was familiar with the stir ing events of war times, I formed his acquaintance with a view to drawing him out upon what he knew of those days. HAVING SECURED AN INVITATION to " come over and hev" a talk," I found myself, one afternoon, on the way to David Dickman's farm. Arriving there, I discovered the gentleman of whom I was in search, seated in a large arm chair, placed beneath the - shade of a noble oottonwood the only thing of comfort on his place. The house was of no particular style of architecture, being built of large and rough boards, honiely in exterior appearance, and un healthy in interior arrangements. The yarjl was bare of grass, not a blade dar ing to show its tiny spear above ground for fear of being nibbled to death by the pigs, sheep or calves, which were exploring the lnclosure at random. " Dave" Dick man, as he was famil . i&ily called, arose as I approached and ' extended me a hearty greeting, wholly unconscious of the uncomplimentary thoughts which . had been passing through the brain of his visitor. He was a MiBSonrian, par excellence. Tall, lank, with dirty colored hair, yel lowish complexion, hungry eyes, sham bling gait, he completely filled my idea a "Pike." He was clothed in a loose, ragged suit of butternut, without covering for his feet, but possessed of a hat the like of which one seldom meets with. In it was seen every character istic of the individual. - Photographed upon its floppy, sloppy bosom, were significant drawings of his careless business habits; engraved upon its clownish and peaked crown were ludi crous representations of his attempts as being graceful ; impressed upon the rugged Dand j WEBB VIVID ILLUSTBATIONS . of his sadly deficient moral character ; and the general woe-begoneness of the man's appearance was strikingly shown in tlje wonderfully worn-out, greasy and faded condition of the tile itself taken as a whole. Such in brief was " Dave." Grasping his hand I shook it warmly, and in answer to his greeting said that I was glad to find him so well, and hoped that he had leisure to talk with me as he had proposed. Motioning me to a seat upon an unin habited hen-coop, and pushing back the front part of his dilapidated hat-rim over his frizzy hair, he announced him self in readiness for anything. - Said he, " We'uns out here don't hev much of onything to tell in the way of newB, but I all'ys like to talk. Blaze away!" Assuring him that my object was merely to gather some information upon subjects of general interest in the neigh borhood, he became conversive, and, accepting a Cabanna, lighted it, and what follows is about what we talked as the1 afternoon and cigars passed away. " You "have lived here a number of yearn, I understand ; have I been cor rectly informed?" was the way I started . the ball. "Yes," he answered, " nigh unto twenty-two year.. . Come here about that time from a country below, whar I waa bo'n, and bo't this chunk of land for two bits an acre, and now I wouldn't take thirty dollar for the same. Observing that T was paying close at tention to his remarks, he entered into the conversation with more spirit and less reserve, and Baid i " When I first settled here- there wa'n't a house in fifteen mile ary way, and I tell ye it was rurht skeery. ' And during the war, I suppose, you experienced pretty lively times w " YOU AB MIGHTY BIGHT. It was woV here than in the Southern States, 'cos we was liable to be pitched intobv both sides." "Did the bushwhackers ever molest you, and was it true that there existed organized bands of lawless men who plundered from rebel and Union men alike V I inquired. This waa the point I wished him to converse upon more particularly than any other, as I was certain that he had been connected with the bushwhackers himself at some time. Looking slyly at me out of one eye, and hesitating for a moment, as if de liberating upon what to say, he an swered, Yes, they did bother me, and like all git out, too. But it was my fault," he continued, " and I oughtn't to complain." He ceased speaking, and seemed to wait for me to ask him about it. Not noticing him, he, after taking a long pull at his cigar, proceeded to explain : " Ye see, mister, the way we was sitiated here was jist about this. My naybors was mostly poor men, and when they see'd a chance to make some stamps they banded together and went in and got what they could. I got into one of them scrapes afore I know'd what was up, and durn'd if I wa'n't consider able ashamed of the biz." "Well," said I, encouraging him to proceed, " how did you get out of the organization after having once asso ciated yourself with its members ?" " That's jist what's the matter," he chimed in. "Bein in with 'em, and all of a-sudden a-drawin out why they jist went for me ; and ef you had seen 'em around this ar' house one night a-yellin,' cussin' andvowin' that ef they got hold of DAVE DICXMAN, HB'd HANG, you wouldn't be askin' whether sich fellars as bushwhackers existed. Things is changed, and I don't mind tellin' you what I seed, durin' my first raid. " Just as he was commencing I inter rupted him by asking if he knew any thing about a little skirmish between some of Price's volunteers and a hand ful of Union soldiers, which occurred on an old farm near by. Throwing away his cigar, and taking a chew off from a " hunk " of natural twist, out and cured by himself, he smilingly observed that he rather thought he could ; perhaps not much about the skirmish, for there wasn't much to tell? about it, but of something else that followed he was certain he could tell a good deal, for " by Gor " that was what he was a goin to tell any how. This pleased me, for I was not certain that he was one of the party which com mitted an outrage and an attempted robbery upon the family of one Todd, who resided on the farm above referred to. " Go on," I said. He commenced, speaking very earn estly : " The war had been goin on for some time down South, but we hadn't tho't much about it until the news come that old Missury was about to secede, and then I was harassed. Some of the naybors was in favor of it, but I wan't. I didn't like the idee, and I argy'd and argy'd agin' it. One day I heer'd that a lot of the boys had listed in old Price's aimy, and darn me ef I wan't riled. I didn't say nuthin' but kept my tongue in my head. My woman tho', know'd suthin' was goin' on by my actin. That evenin', jist about dusk, Bill Gleason come on hossback here, and as he was gittin' off I obsarved that he wore revolvers. Bill had al'ays bin considered a good 'nuff f ellar, but some how or other it jist Beemed to me, when he rid up, that he'd COMB FOB NO GOOD. Says Bill to me, How ar' ye, Dave ? ' I said back that I was well 'nuff, and arter he tied up his hoss, he come and set down right whar' you is. We talked along like naybors do, about matters and things in general, until final' the war come up. Bill agreed with me in my war opinions, or at least pretended to, and after a time he spoke about old Todd, who I know'd to be a secesh, say in' that the old coon was agoin' to clear out, as the country was a gettin' too warm to hold him. I got him warmed up a bit and said some pretty hard things about the old gentleman, and Bill kept a drawin' me on like, until he got me to promise to meet him down on Plug creek, the next night. I might a know'd it was for no good, but havin' given -my word I was bound to go. I kept mum about the house, not iettm the woman hear anything about it, and at the appointed time, Bill found me there. Now, Bill know'd I was pnrty hard up for money, and arter gittin' me down thar he reckoned well in gittin' me into the muss. There was ten or a dozen fellars with him who were entire strangers to me, and they all jined in, each doin' his best to persuade me to go with 'em. They told me about old Todd's jist sellin' his hogs, and how, as gittin ready to leave the otate, ne bad collected a big pile of greenbacks, and, as he was a secesh, it wasn t wrong to take it. I wanted to go back and git out of it, but I kept a hesitatin' until the time come to go to Todd's, and I rid alone, savin' nuthin'. I know'd I was a doin' wrong, but I went right on. Bill rid up by my side and told me how they was goin' to carry the job out without enny danger of bein lound out. Jie said that the rebs BOMB OP PRICK'S VOLUNTEERS was goin to pitch into a company 01 Yanks, who were camped just back of Todd s barn, and that after it was over, he and his fellars was to go to Todd's and make believe they was Union men. and then make 'em deliver up. The plan seemed plausible, and, hatin' Todd enyhow for bein' a secesh I'm shamed to say it didn t take eny more Dersuadin' to keep me along. We rid to a wood nigh Todd's place and stopped. Several of the gang was sent out to re- connorter, and I hitched my hoss to a saolin'. thinkin' I would look around a leetle myself. Et was then about day light, and for fear of bein' seen, 1 crawled along a fence down in front of Todd s house. To the east the sun was a lookin' over the hills, and down in holler close by I see'd the rebs, some seventy-five or eighty gittin' reddy for bizness. Wonderin where the xanks was, I crept 'round the house, and there below the stable, in another Holier, found 'em. There was about as many of .'em as of the rebs, and domed if I wan't more'n a leetle skeered at the eom- in' row." At this point of his narrative, which had become exceedingly interesting to me, Dave rose from his chair quite ex cited, and walking to the well, drew a bucket ol water, guipa a-goura-rau, and returning somewhat calmed, pro ceeded. He remained standing, how ever, and at different stages of his story, he became very active in awkward ges ticulations which were intended to give color to the weird picture. It was evi dent that mv loauacious acquaintance had been led into the affair by the in sinuating 3 ill Ulcason, and while at heart being an honest fellow, there also existed in his compo sition too much of venality, and too little of independence of character. He had blundered into bad company, and I wondered how he would attempt to excuse himself. When at the rendezvous, HE EVINCED A PBOPEB SPIRIT, but he did not possess sufficient strength of will to turn back when not too late, and thus wash his hands of the busi- is. Those were wild times, and many brave heart was driven into the I perpetration of similar misdeeds. " xes, you bet J. was white about the gills," resumed the entertaining Dick- , man, " when I see'd the preparations goin' on for the fight. I had no time to get much skeered tho', for very soon j arter I got my eye on the Yanks, I see'd the rebs a-comin up behind. I backed out of those diggin's as lively as my hands and knees would carry me, and gittin' in the orchard, I creeped away to j a safe pint of observation. Just then I tho't of my hoss and companions, who was waitin' on me back in the woods but how in the dooce was I to git back?" He accompanied this conundrum with a peculiar flourish of his right arm, a sudden forward tilt of his head, and an inquiring leer out of his left eye, which were all forcibly directed toward me ; but not waiting for amobservation from his listener, he whisked off with his story, the gestures becoming thicker than ever. I checked his gymnastic exercises by introducing a remark. " So, then, you discovered yourself surrounded, did you ? Bather a lucky circumstance, I should thins. " That's it, that's it" He impetu ously repeated. " That's what I wanted to tell you ; but you wouldn t give me a show. That's just the way I got out of bushwhakin', bein surrounded so I couldn't git back to my crowd. The rebs come runnin' on, and yellin' and shootin' like mad, and when the Yanks see'd 'em they went to firin' back. The way the lead whistled around old Todd's log stable about that time was a leetle disquietin to me. THE YANKS BEIN CAUGHT NAPPIN was obleeged to skin out, or git laid out. The muss didn t last more n a minit, when all was over. The Yanks got a partin volley as they disappeared in the timber, and after breakfast the rebs went off South. And," resuming his chair, " now comes the most exoi tin' part of what I've got to tell you." Mere it might be proper for me to describe the house and farm, in the vi cinity of which we leave friend Dick man for the present. The house is built upon a beautiful rise of land, around the northern and western side of which there runs a belt of heavy tim ber, and in which were concealed the party of bushwhackers. Eastward a broad expanse of beautiful prairie meets the eye, while the landscape to the south is fringed with a long line of forest trees, whose moving foliage blends most harmoniously with the rich coloring of the great picture. The long, narrow, oddly-constructed house, with two great stone chimneys at either end, which seemed to frown down upon the humble roof beneath, appears to have grown there, so queer is it made. A wide hall runs through the center of the house, on both sides of which are thick oaken doors opening into capacious, low-browed rooms. The same want of taste is here exhibited as to the construction and arrangement of everything, as in the house of our bushwhacking friend, who still remains anxious to proceed with the " most excitin' part " of his story. " xe see. ne continued, wmie tne rebs was a eatin' their grub, I ventured to crawl up and git behind a log cabin near the house, and from which lookout see d everything that 'Was goin on. The rebs hadn't been gone more n twenty minits when' I heerd my lads a-tearcn up the lane to tne House. " BILL WAS AHEAP OJ? EM. and he rid right up to the front door, kicked it, and yelled to the folks inside to open, or he'd burst the door higher than a kite. It just happened that old man Todd was away, and they had ev erything their own way. The lady was sick a-bed, and she sent some one to the door to 1 arn what was wanted. The door bein' opened, Bill driv right in, and I heerd his hoss a-jumpin' and stampin' around inside in a manner not calkilated to quiet the narves of a sick woman. He told him he was a Yankee captain, and declared ef money warn t handed over he'd string 'em up without further notice. The hull party hitched their horses and went inside.- X was hasteninpr to arit nearer, when out come ijiU and four or five of ins f eiiars witn young Gus Todd, the old man's young est. 1 dodged back as they passed, and soon after followed 'em down back of the barn, where they put a rope 'round the lad's neck, threw it over the limb of a tree, and told him ef he didn't let 'em know where his dad's money was he would have to die. That young chap never squealed through the wnoie tmng, and I am sure they strung him up four or five times, and then left him for dead. Gettin' back to the house afore 'em, I discovered one of them black hearted scoundrels in the room with the sick woman. He had a shovelful of live coals, and was a-standin' over her bed threatenin' to throw 'em onto her ef she didn't tell him where the money was. Securin' a place safe from bein' seen I paid pnrty close attention. My blood begin to bile, and I could hardly hold myself from shootin' the villin on the spot. But I gloried in the old gal's spunk, for she declared they wan't ceut in the house. She lias told me since that there was $352 in shiners hid over the front door. Well, he didn believe her, and almost afore I know'd it n&ht smart at the poor woman s head went the blazin coals. "' 'BLOODY THUNDER!' X yelled, jumpin' into the reem ; 'you ' . durned skunk, take that ! and I dealt h'm a deadner close behind the ear with the but end of my persuader, which keeled him over ins tauter.' " Duriner the time mv brave friend was aproaching the scene between the ruffian and the sick woman, he became greatly heated, his gestures changed into little short blows, apparently directed toward some unknown antagonist, and when he told of jumping into the room and knocking his former comrade down, he sprang from his chair with blazing eyes and clenched hands, exhibiting more spirit and character than I thought ex isted in the whole community- Not wishing to interrupt him, I kept quet and allowed him to proceed. Striking out more vigorously tnan ever, he went on : " Puttin' out the fire, tellin' the woman to be quiet, and jump ing back into my place of concealment was but the work of a moment. Bill jist then got back, and findin his pal lyin there like a dead un , you may bet he was considerable Bupprised. The fellars all ran in at the alarm made by Bill, and thinkin' it a good time to cut strings, I made tracks for the timber ; luckily I found my hoss, which Bill or some of 'em had cut loose, and jumpin' onto his back I wan't long in gettin' here. It was then nigh onto 9 o'clock, and tellin my woman what was up, a- decid ed to stay right here and see the thing out. Durin' the day nuthin' happened, but I thought when night come 'twould be better for me to sleep outside. I laid out there under them gooseberry bushes, with my shootin' iron close by, and waited to see what 'ud turn up; Along about 10 o'clock, here come the hull party. They got off quiet, and hitched down to yonder fence, and I laid a watching. They waked up my woman and asked for me. Of course I wan't at home that evening for such com- Sony, and they said they must sorch the ouse. My woman wouldn't open the door, and down it went, and in they went. I was awful worked up, but I concluded they wouldn't hurt any thing inside, as they only wanted me, so I laid mum. Not findin' me, they came back a-swearin' that if they got me they'd hang me to the nearest tree, for goin' back on em as 1 had. At last they lit out, and I never left that bush till morn in. Then my woman and me talked it over, and the confab ended in our packin' up and leavin' that very night. After the country got settled we come back, and I learned that old Todd had left, but that Bill and his chaps never got a cent of his stamps. The pluck of the old lady and her boy saved 'em. They wasn't much around these premises, tho'. Those cusses had burned my house and barn the night I left, and I had to make that 'ar shebang. So Dave Dickman won't forget the war and the bushwhackers very soon." 1. hanking nun for his kindness, arose and bade him good-day. : As I passed through the yard and out into the grove, he 8 till sat in his large arm-chair, lov ingly caressing a shepherd dog which stood by his side, the picture of homely comfort and rude contentment. Friends Must Part. About 11:45 Saturday night two mid dle-aged men stopped in front of a house on Essex street, and, after shaking hands with an earnestness and solemnity that were very affecting, one of them said : " Good-night, Buggies," to which the other responded, " Good-night, Punky." Then both of them stared at each other with wonderful intensity, and finally grasped hands again. " You feel quite well?" said Punky, with some anxiety. " Never better," kindly vol unteered Buggies, at the same time turning around on one leg, and throwing up one arm to snap his fingers, but changing nis mind, and nastily clasping Punky around the neck instead. Then he straightened himself up and, looking. solemnly at iTinky, extended ins Hand, which that individual hastily grasped. and wrung with a fervor that was sim ply surprising, while both of them stared at each other in a manner that exhibited an extraordinary interest in the object. " You are a firm friend of mine," said Punky, with the tears gath ering in his eyes. " So you are of mine," asserted Buggies, in a broken voice. Then they shook hands again. " Nobody never seemed to understand me as you do," said Punky, trembling with suppressed emotion. " That's just what Iv'e always said of you," main tained Huggles with as much emphasis as his awakened feelings would permit. At this juncture the two were so thor oughly absorbed in contemplating each other's features as not to notice a night- capped head peering out of an upper window, and were lust preparing to grasp hands once more in increased fer vor, when a shrill voice screamed, (Jome home drunk again, will you i and was immediately followed by a bucket of water most unfortunately aimed. The man called Punky imme diately bolted over the fence, and around to the back of the house, leaving Mr. Bncrgles to look around for his hat, which had been knocked off by the force of the shower, and to dispose of him self afterward as lie might gee proper. Danbury News. The Yellowstone. t The Yellowstone exploring expedition has demonstrated tne fact that the river, with but slight interruptions, is naviga ble from the point at which it issues from the mountains to its mouth, where it falls into the Missouri. Its width varies from 500 to 900 yards, the current runs from three to four miles an hour. and there are a few sand-bars that could be moved at a little expense. The stream is regarded as more suitable for steamboat navigation than the upper Missouri, and the opinion given by the explorers is that it can be navigated by boats drawing three feet of water from the middle of May to tne nrstof August. The total lensrth of the Yellowstone is about 550 miles, and of this about 350 miles will soon be open to Western steamboat trade. It passes through a country that is heavily wooded and of great fertility, and the stream near its source opens up some of the finest mountain scenery of our country. The Yellowstone should be utilized by the removal ox obstructions. Field and Family. The Oardener'a Monthly, in speaking of the black knot on plum and cherry trees, says it should be cut out as fast as it appears, not as the black knot, but as a mere sappy abrasure, green and spongy, above the bark. It is no use to cut it out after a month old. This delay is probably the secret of many failures in removing the black knot. We do advise painting the shingle roofs of buildings as a matter of econo my. We have ample evidence that it. pays to do so just as surely as it pays to paint the balance of the ex terior of any building. Jew lork Herald. Fumigating poultry houses with sul phur, thrown on glowing coals in an earthen vessel, and keeping the house closed for several hours, is said to be a perfect remedy for insects of all kinds. Tne poultry must be removed before the experiment. The Stock Journal, after giving a number of experiments in feeding corn to pigs, remarks that these experiments show that there is within a fraction of twenty-four pounds of pork in a bushel of corn ; and the effort of every farmer should be to endeavor to get out as much as he can of it. And to do this he must have the right kind of hogs ; they must be placed in the right condi tion, and fed in the right manner, with a view to profit. An Ohio correspondent of the Coun try Gentleman says : I am using a remedy for driving away insects and bugs that works to a charm, and if any of your readers have not tried it, I ad vise them to waste no time with soot, ashes, etc., but ask their druggist to order for them a pound of carbolic acid, No. 5, which will cost 75 cents. If air slaked lime is to be had, use a teaspoon ful of acid to a quart of lime ; mix well, and dust over the plant. One applica tion is frequently sufficient. The cab bage flea (Jumping Jack) threatened to destroy my plants of cabbage and ruta bagas, but one dose was sufficient to clear the garden of them. If the lime is not Blaked, take one teaspoonful of acid to a pint of hot water, and slake the lime with the mixture. Fowls can be fattened well in a fort night if they are cooped up where they can obtain gravel and lime and are fed on scalded corn-meal, given three times day, while ears of corn are always at hand. For drink, skimmed milk is very desirable, and if warmed a little will be drank with eagerness. Pulverized char coal, kept either in their boxes or mixed with their feed, will materially assist the fattening process. Soiling, as now practiced by the best dairy farmers, really means stall-feeding in summer, wholly or in part, ac cording to the condition of the pas tures, or the circumstances of the farm er. The old definition of the word " sofl," according to Webster, is to feed cattle or horses, in the barn or an in closure, with frosh grass or green food : as to soil a horse. The clothing of the horse in the stable should be neither too hot nor too cold. . But if kept too warm he will be more likely to take cold when he goes out to exercise on a cold or chilly day. The stable should be well ventilated with pure air at all times, and all poisonous air and gases, particularly the ammonia which is formed from the urine, should be allowed free egress from the stable, as the animal cannot be expected to keep in good health while compelled to inhale such malaria. To Broil Tomatoes, Broiled toma toes make a delicious - dish. Select those, that are not over-ripe, and cut them in halves crosswise : dip the cut side into beaten egg, and then into wheat flour, and place them upon a gridiron, whose bars have been greased previously. When they have become well browned, turn them over, and cook the skin side until thoroughly done. Then put butter, salt and pep per upon the egg, and serve upon a platter. . Rome. Side by side we see the Oriental lux ury of the cardinals and the rags of a starving populace ; Here a gilded coacn, and there a crowd of shoelesB beggars ; close to magnificent palaces of marble there are heaps of refuse, emitting hor rible effluvia. And yet this city is the capital of Italy. At the fall of evening, in the sacred hour of poetic silence, under the pure heavens, glorified by the last rays of tne setting sun, which give an air of mysticism to all around : from the height of the Pincio look on this city, with its eleven Ecrvptian obelisks. its three hundred cupolas, its crroves ot columns, its myriads of statues, and you see the seven hills whence have sprung senators, consuls, and ui Dunes, the political and civil rights of antiquity, now the bases of our rights ; contem plate the facade of St. Peter's, the Great liasilica surmounted by tne dome lore told by Bramante, and executed by Michael Angelo; the Titanic mauso leum of Adrian, over which are extended the wings of the brazen seraphim ; there, to the left, the world of history, the walls on which are engraved a thou sand victories, the Via Sacra, where conquerors entered ; the Forum, where the people gathered; those arches which twenty centuries have passed without destroying ; those refreshing baths, cop ied so often by modern artists : the Coliseum, that mountain sculptured by Titanio chisels; Quirinal, which con tains the finest statues saved from the wreck of Greece ; the Capitol, head and cerebrum of the world. At the sight of so many marvels, at the recollection of so much grandeur, at the contemplation such monuments, framed in groves of cypress, like a funereal wreath placed by an invisible Deity ; at the soft music of bells which invite to vespers, like the voices of martyrs ascending from the Catacombs ; the shadows of evening lin gering sadly over the ruins, like the spirits of departed heroes the heart, swelled by emotions, confesses that Borne is not only the capital of Italy, but the eternal center of the world 1 I milio Cattelar. True Courage—The Duel of David Coste. The duelist who trusts to his excel lence as a pistol shot or to his skill in swordsmanship to put an enemy out of the world, may be brave enough phys sically, but moral courage is not always shown in a duel or in the prior events leading to it. The case of Dr. David Coste, the surviuor of a hostile meeting which took place near Strasburg a few weeks ago, is in this respect so excep tional as to be worthy of remark. Early in May, 1872, a student named Caro presided at a banquet given at the opening of the Strasburg University. lie was a member of the (ierman so ciety, the Bhenania, and saw fit on this occasion to send a congratulatory tele gram to Prince Bismarck in the name of all the students at the banquet. As might have been expected, this did not meet with uniform approbation, and at meeting of the disaffected students where the student Coste occupied the chair, resolutions condemnatory of Caro's action were parsed and were afterward published. The members of the Bhena nia, owing to this, became very inimical to Coste, and he was often abused and insulted in public. At a fete last May, as a member of .the committee, Dr. Coste ordered the music to cease playing about 2 o'cloek in the morning. This order involved him in several alter cations. Otto Mohr, one of the Bhena nia students, called him a schafskopf (blockhead), and when asked for an ex planation said to Coste, " What would be the use ? ion would sneak out as usual." This reproach of cowardice was too much, and Coste challenged him. Mohr refused any apology and accepted the challenge. it was determined by the seconds that three shots with pistols should be exchanged at fifteen paces ; but that an effort at reconciliation should be made after eacli hot. The duel took place on the 15th of May at half-past six in the morning, between Strasburg and KehJL The pistols were discharged al most simultaneously, and Mohr received his opponent s ball in the abdomen, ile died a few minutes afterward. " By the Prussian criminal code, who ever kills an adversary in a duel must on conviction suffer imprisonment in a fortress for two years at least. Coste was brought up for trial before- the Assizes at Strasburg on July 21. From his statement to the court, it appeared that an aged father and five brothers and sisters, all younger than Coste him self, depended upon him for their sup port. It was the consciousness of the privations they would Buffer should he fall in a duel which had prevented him from resenting the insults of his perse cutor sooner. But at length he felt himself obliged to challenge Mohr ; but even then, and up to the day of the duel, the thought of his failing those so utterly dependent on him was very bit ter to him. ' The jury brought in a ver dict of not guilty, and the young man was discharged. When we remember how frequent duels are among the German students, the moral courage of David Coste in enckuring insult and contumely so long for the Bake of his family will seem more praiseworthy. The New Infernal Machine. We mentioned the other day that the French Minister of Marine had sent out a circular warning ship-owners, cap tains, and insurance agents against the new "infernal machine," intended for the destruction of vessels which, for fraudulent purposes, it is desired to de stroy. But for the respectful authority on which tne warning was given, tne alleged invention might have been re garded as a hoax ; and, indeed, we sug gested as much. It was no hoax, how ever, but a grim and horn Die fact, xne Birmingham Daily Post has seen one of the villainous contrivances. It is an irregularly-shaped piece of metal, about six inches long, by three broad, and two and a half deep ; and it is so constructed as exactly to resemble a small block of steam coal. Indeed, the specimen we have is evidently modeled from an actual - - . T -1 i j . i piece oi coai, ana is is coiorea a vrigiib black, so skillfully that on casual in spection it would readily pass' muster for coal, and so might be put into the coal bunkers of a vessel without exciting the least suspicion. The interior is hollowed so as to admit of the intro duction of a detonating compound, and a mechanical contrivance is arranged in the hollow part bo as to insure explosion at a desired moment. We have also an exact description of the materials em ployed to fill the shell for such it may be called but these, for obvious rea sons, we decline to publish. There ia only one thing satisfactory in reference to this diabolical invention that it is not of English make.- -EEcAanre. . - A Useful French Society. The Society for the Protection of In fant Iiife in Paris is meeting with com mendable success. Out of 1.682 in fants committed to its care during the past year, the society has only lost bU, or less than four per cent., while the mortality among infants put out to nurse in the provinces is about sixty per cent. Tne secretary in ms report cites an instance of one woman who had lost twenty-seven of the waifs intrusted to her care ; while her daughter, who has evidently profited by the maternal example, can already boast of having lost nearly a dozen. Xhe work oi tne society is carried out in a very practical spirit, and. tne medical inspectors em ployed by them are required to furnish a monthly report concerninor the infants under their surveillance. The mothers can obtain every information as to the health and progress of the infants by applying at the offices of the society in Paris : but it is clear that the maternal instinct is not very strong, as out of the 1,682 infants under their care voz nave never been inquired after during the year. A fashionable young lady accident ally dropped one of her false eyebrows in her opera-box the other evening, and greatly frightened her beau, who, on seeing it, thought it was his mustache. E. Hannafobd & Co.. subscription honk nnblishers. have matured a clan of sell ing books that enables their agtnts to ooln , money, be MrerMsemB&c. THE MYSTERY OF HOLLOW ASH. Ton want to know about the smash That happened down to Hollow Ash? Wall, Boss, if snybody knows. He wears about my style of clothes. Twss Deacon Hamper's funeral. And all was goin' miRhty well. When them there Templars up in town On an excursion train cum down. , I driv the mourners, snd " Jo Fresh" He went ahead of the procesh ; And as be neared the railroad track, We seed that train a-comin' back. Joe turned around and winked at me. And from his vest he drew a V. " in bet you that that this 'ere hearse -- Crosses ahead of that excuree. ... . The mourners they sot up a yell, And then was misain' for a spell ; ' - ! ;; It was amazin' bow that crowd , Cavorted upward in a cloud. We piled them victims on the sward, . - ! About three-quarters of a cord ; On top we put the-deacon's meat, But where Jo went we all waa beat. We searched the ruins of that train, ' But all our sarchln' was in vain, And to this day it does best me Where the piece went that held that V. Humorous. A font) lover who serenaded his lady the other night, in a Southern city, was was very wet when he got through and it didn't rain much, either. .. . . . . This comes from Bhode Island : ' ... - , Here lies poor Johnny Pumblecod ; ' Have mercy on him, gracious God ! ' . . -. He would on you, if he were God And you were Johnny Pumblecod. v " Shalii I cut this loin of mutton sad- " dlewise?" said a gentleman. "No", said one of his guests, " cut it bridle-, wise, for then I may have a chance to get a bit in my mouth.". . . " Have the jury agreed ?" asked the sheriff, as he met a court attache on the Btairs with a large pitcher in his hands. -" Yes, sir ; they agreed to have a gallon, of beer, and sent me out for it." ; It was expected the other day, when Annie Dickinson rode to the top of Pike's Peak, that she would make a speech on the occasion ; but it seems" that, for once, she was willing to let Pike speak alone.' The . Congregationalist sagely ob serves : " It is only in the pulpit that striplings are preferred. The profes sions of medicine and law demand ma turity. The congregations seem to havei an appetite for veaL' ", ;.. . . Some men seem to delight in wanton destruction. An ' exchange says 'that two men were lately seen tearing up the street in a neighboring city, and on the sune day several persons were observed in the very act of pulling up the river. Something that Takes. The three fold combination agency for selling "Wealth and Wonders of the Boundles West." There is moch sure money in it, See advertisement.- " Bob, I have some idea of offering myself for the legislature. Do you. think I will make a good run ? " "Why, yes. Will, judging from the sample I 'ii li,' j i 4.v i,; eaw lillO Ulilicar unjr, rr iidai iud sv.fA. was drawn on you. . I think you will make a first-rate run." A John Bull, conversing with an In dian, asked him if he knew the sun never sets on the Queen's dominions. "No," said the Indian.' "Do you- know the reason why?" asked John. Because God is afraid to trust an Englishman in the dark," was the savage's reply. ' ' " Mv it please vour honor." said a1 lawyer, addressing one . of the city , judges, " I brought the prisoner from jail on a habeas corpus." "-Well," said a fellow in an undertone, who stood in the rear of the court, " these lawyers will say anything. 1 saw the man get out of a cab at the court door." . ... A German divine, who had been dec orated with a title, sent to the univer sity a request that the same degree might be conferred upon his horse ; to which he received tne repiy tnat mere was no precedent lor oescowmg me honor upon a horse, though the univer- . .. . . . i sity Had in one case given it to an ass. " Is Miss Blinking at home ? " asked Mr. Saundeas of the Irish girl who an swered the ring at the door. "Yes, I blave ehe is, bit." "Is she engaged?"- " An is it engaged you say ? a aitn an I can't tell ye, sir ; but she kissed Mr. Vincent last evening as if she had not seen the like uv him, an it s engaged a b'lave they are. sir." ' Dr. Bbtd, the celebrated medical wri ter, was requested by a lady of literary eminence to call at her house. " Be sure you recollect the address," said she,' as she quitted the room, " No. 1 Ches terfield street." "Madame' said the Doctor, " I am too great an admirer of politeness not to remember Chesterfield, and, I fear, too selfish . ever to forget number one." A fbettt boy in Billtown became so intimate with one of his father's horses that he received a bad kick in the face. The doctor sewed up his lip, bandaged his eyes, and poulticed has cheeks. After a few days spent in- bed, the lad called for a looking-glass. One glance was Buflioient. "Father," he mildly cried, do you think l snail ever De as pretty again?" "No, my son," re sponded the governor, " youll never be as pretty again, but you 11 know more." Going Ahead. Another strain is to be added to the San Francisco medley. A Chinese newspaper is to be Btarted there. It appears that the six Chinese companies in that city have clubbed to gether and determined upon this enter prise, and a steamer which sailed for China recently took out an order from tehm for one million type Chinese characters to be used in stocking the office. Their plan is to publish the pa per three times a week, its chief object being to instruct their countrymen in their own language as to tneir ngnm and wrongs from the time they land on American soiL The first number is . ft i i promised m oepiemoer. The number of '. distilleries in the United States in operation August 1, is stated by the Internal Bevenue De partment at 208 with a . capacity for producing 181,729 gallons of spirits daily. This is a decrease compared with July 1 of 103 in the number of dis tilleries, and 80,490 gallons in tho daily production.