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MID Amraciw ::mpyn, ' .to ' golife, ;atet itrralnH fJJOTnlit mpraw, Jriciiltnw, teivg, :&t., to. 1 Xj33T ALIj TIX33 THOU iVIMEST 3313 THY OOTXTTXtTT'S, GOD'S -V3NTXJ TXIXJTIjC'S. fU .1 j! lo IIICllA It DSOxV It SOX, l'rork'lor. 11IB PKA HUE NEWS, PCDMSIIED KVEKV Tlll'RSOAY MOHMM, liY i AT 04 PER ASM H. IN ADVANCE. POETH jL o Written fur tlit New. HEAVEN. The faithlens world promiwnniix fl v- " ' Knnipt in fimcy' viniiiii, ' '' Allured by m'liml, beguiled by kIiowh,. . And jempty dreams, nor jareely know . ; , Tbero in a brighter heaven. . . .. Fine gold will change flnil diintiond fade, ; .'j-, Hwift wiugn to wealth tm given, Alloying time rnjr forunt invade, 'Die i'tM(MK roll night nink in xbade ; There's nothing last but heaven. : pvatioii' mighty fabric all,. , ; .ball be t lit mm riven ; The ky conimnied, the planof fall C'onfuninn rock this earthly bull; ' There's iiuthiiiK firm but heaven. Empires deeay nml nation die, Our hope to wind are given, The vernal bloom in ruin lie, Keaih reiirnn o'er (ill below the ky ; There' nothing wire but heaven. ThU world i poor from bore to pbc-n, And like a biwelch vision It's lofty d e and brilliant ore, And genu and crown are vain nml poor; There' nothing rieh hut heaven. A stranger lonely here I roinn, From place to place I'm driven, My friends ore gone and I'm in gloom, This world is hII u lonely tomb ; I have in) home hut heaven. The chimin d'wperM', the light appear, My fins 1 tnint nre (ill frgiven, Triinnpliant grace lm1h quelled icy fear. L'oll on ye nun. ayeiP ye yenr. hi uu mv Wfv to hef.veir. Adieu, tn nil below, ndieu, ' I't lifi' dull clnrniH lie riven, The charms of Christ h"ve cnnglit my view To worlds of light will I pursue; ' . To dwell with God in be'iven. to teii orrscir? Of the Ololona Pitt trie Agricultural and Ttdu stria! Swiff;. I find, nii a critical investigation f the second Article of your (JViistituli iii. that there shall he an annual meeting of the Society held in the town f Okolona, en the first Saturday in May, in each year, at which time, there shall he an elcetitn of officers, (who shall ho chosen hy bal lot) and such other business transacted as may be 'advisable for the good of the Society. Now, the first object that 1 havej primarily' in view, is ; simply this : That this election is held too late for (lie promotion of the general good of the Hi ''defy; because the Premium List has al ways tieeri delayed, or kept, back until after this meeting. There is theri, in my estimation, a necessity and propriety of changing this Article and 'meeting to gether ; say in January, and then ma' e out a full and complete list of Premiums for the public. .By this means, ihe Soci ety will know at once, how to compete, r what to compete for. By such an ad judication H will enable competitors to determine how and what to prep ire for the annual exhibition in October of each : $'ear. This way .of giving no timely warn ing, in matters of such Importance as that ' of otir Agricultural Soeiety. to make pre , paration for' an annual exhibition, is iioj , sensible, and is ?yiduntly uut of the ques tion in" such an enlightened age as this. 'The reiiiecfy1 is, then,: to present your list :in ' apucLrj'', lereafter,' and gi ve' ; aii a -hance for premiums. Th gifted and -indefatigable. President of the Society, ) Jas t-laims over the public, tantamount to '' ihat of a high minded and patriotic gen tleman in the choice selection he made in the award of premiums to the Society. I find in all well regulated Agricultural : Societies, ample time is given to the ' members of the aame to. make such pre paration as the importance and magnitude of the occasion may require.. Why should ' ' this Society, then, in such a fast age be behind others ? There is no good reason i j for it, . . All intelligent minds admit tha j ;-the object: ftf all; Agricultural 'Fairs is , ' designedfor the promotion of universal ' godd.; If sucb, theB, is the general un-. derstanding with the people Is it not light, and proper for you at once to meet to gether at an early day and determine the nature and character of your Premium List and present it without delay to the public Heretofore there has been much grumbling and complaint about this mat ter. Will you not, then, as men of dis cretion, come ut once to the punt under review, and discharge that duty which is so incumbent, and indispensable for you to do as officers 1 I now fancy to myself that the high position you occupy, and the honor and patriotism that you have for the State and nation, will prompt you to the honest discharge of every duty that the public good may require. If you would present your schedule at a proper time it would be ten-fold more interesting, and you would find your Fairs would be more numerously attended, and that you would realize greater and proportionable profits arising therefrom, is equally evi dent. The idea of an Agricultural Soci ety is, in my etslimatioiy designed to awaken and energize the community and country wherever they are held, and when this failsin effect, there will be no valua ble good advanced. How important, then, is It that you should be impressed with a proper conception of it. I merely mention this fact that you may be remind- IS t, 1 1 I f 1 A A l. L eu ot votir duly anu icei connueut mar vnu will perform it. that your names may e handed down to unknown generations yet to come. I find again, that the Aber deen list of premiums has generally been in advance of that of the Okobma Fairs. mil this be (he case again? 1 flatter invself that such will never occur again in our midst. The wise and pendent have i nly to be reminded of their duty, and they will invariably perform if. Put I may be trespassing upon your kind pati ence and fotbearance; should this be the case, I beg to be pardoned by saying a Stated pride is concerned in this matter. I should like, then, to see your Constitu tion changed to suit the emergency of the case. Can there be any objections to this plan? I cannot for the life of me im agine, or (Mieeive f any. I shall now, by your pcrmissl n, draw your careful and most profound attention to me very objectii nable feature to be found in the fourth Article of your Ci.nstitnti n, where it reads thus; The oflieers of this Socie ty shall lie a President, three Vice-Presidents, a .Secretaiy, a Treasurer, and an Executive Committee, consisting of five members, who Mnll be chosen at the regular annual meeting, 'and together with President and Secretary, shall c nstitnte a Board ' f Supervisors to manage the general interests of the Society and the appointing of all sub-committees. Kow, the most objectionable feature of this Ar ticle ci nsis'ts in the fact, that the Treas urer is embraced in the oflieers of the So ciety, seemingly to conduct the same, but in the very sumo Article it Kays, most emphatically that, together with the Presi dent, and.. Secretary shall , constitute a Board of Supervisors, leaving out then,, as you will discover, the Treasurer in this arrangement. This, then, U extremely objttctionable. 1 But I presume the Treas-. urer, would not, by any means, desire, or solicit further powers or aggrandizement in the Society. There is then, in my es timation, something radically wrong in this Article that should be at once ex-! pnnged. The Treasurer, then, iflmuld be inserted ; such would do away all illiberal and ungenerous feeling. The proceedings and general deportment of your Society j should be prompt and held up to the pro- j motion of the general good of all. : If this be not the aim, the great cause for which you are contending, will inevitably fall ; to the ground. ,; I shall now hasten to a close, hoping that the few brief and very I Mt ailtag()llist in th knee ; the second desultory remarks that 1 have presented;. shot he aimed at the body, intending to to vour kind patience, niuv meet with , inflict a severe, but not fatal wound, but your approval and approbation and thus ' ti 4 i 4 : . tend to promote and perpetuate yonr Ag- ricultural Society. It would be desira-; blc for you so' toMnanage your Fairs so as there will be no murmuring Vith the : . , : people hereafter.Jiaving thus discharged vour duty as officers youc4iD have a clear, OKOLONA, MISS., MARCH 18, 1858. conscience. Societies like this, should enlist the earnest attention of, all Agri culturists in the land. Upon the ad vancement of such interests depend great ly the prosperity of the American people. It is high time, then, that such Socie ties should be well understood by every philanthropist, and thus endeavor lo as certain the best mode of advancing the great interests of agriculture, horticulture, mechanic and domestic arts and manu factures. 1 find, on a careful analysis, the List of Premiums that came out at the first Fair, was in June 2Sth, 1855, instead of January, as I have sugg'ested. The next came out on the Mth August, 185G. Some, there may bo, who will object to the plan that I have suggested, and suy that the Premium List is so little dissimi lar every year, one with another, that it will make no difference with the people. But I am one who differ with such char acters materially and fundamentally, and that upon the hypothesis of justice. There can be no absolute necessity, then, of bringing about such a change, say they That is not all ; the Society has general ly made some provision for such articles as are not embraced in the list, thotigl this be a violation of the Constitution ami By-Laws ot the same. It seems to me to be as clear as the noonday sun, that if you have a Constitution you should abide by it, or make such amendments as will justify such proceedings in the premises There is then, a very objectionable fea ture in such a movement when there is no guarantee for it prescribed in the Con stitution. Would it, then, not be praeti cable and advisable to give the members of the Society a complete and full list of every article which horticulture, agrieul ture and mechanic arts embrace, and do no violence to the specifications and stipu lations of the general understanding? should have no objections to the idea of awarding premiums to articles not em braced in the catalogue, provided such was the written i. onstitution. 1 Ins ar rangement, then, heretofore acted upon, was a violation of all the prescribed rules of the Constitution, and. -consequently. was an assumption of power not belong ing to such body. I shall, therefore, ob ject to any such steps being taken here after under the present form of the Con stitution. Justice would say now, have everything appertaining to your Society, c lear and specific. Perhaps it might be prudent for me to abbreviate my remarks lest they should be considered abortive, and prove to be of no avail. ' I have tlm given you a few of my hasty reflections upon n subject which is of no common magnitude with the people, and hope that you will give it that impartial scrutiny that its merits demand at your hands. ..''.'"... B. The Dcnrvr Ihtl, The affair of the duel between Gen. Denver, the newly ap pointed tkuviary ot Kansas, and 3Jr. Oil oer, of the S..n Francisco Alta Califortiian, in whioh the latter lost his life, having been referred to, an eye Witness gives the following explanation of the affair in the St. Louis Republican : ' :.- ,", " Gen. 1 h'li.ver was accompanied on the ground by Dns. Brierly and Ogden. Col. Gilbert's fiiends 1 cannot call to mind. Trie weapons used were Wesson's rifles,, distance sixty paces. At the first fire neither was hit. Gen. Denver thinking that one shot would be sullioient, took Dr. Ogdeu's arm and Walked off a few paces. As they returned, Dr. Brierly was re-. lo.u'dng, and in answer to a look from Gen. Deiivtr,: remarked--" General, they de mand another shot.": The general, being taken completely by stnpiiso said " They will not want another." The sec ond shot, was their exchanged, and Col. Gilbert fell. 1 was assured by Gen. Den ver that be did not intend to kill Col: Gilbert : the sights of his rifle were ad justed at night and proved to be untrue I Inn llitiivor nt tbii tirwt tiro inf uniliut it ,u ifl 'ni& ,to. higu and t0far t(? tho iiuht, hence tie tatal resut. Instead of rf Culifurn5a Gc jjei)Ver K,artj0SS um blood tljii'sty," as was stated, he has been justified 'by a majority ot i.e citizens o tue pute Hail not the. tnends of Col. Gilbert insist- ejf the second shot would not havo been fired." r .' ; -did -. f ' . 4 Wayside Thought,,. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit, of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him. Isaiah lix. 1'J. The apostle Peter compares Satan to a roaring lion that continually goes about seeking whom he may devour. It is his constant study to harrass and perplex God's dear childrea, but blessed be God, he can proceed no further than ho is pleased to permit nun, and it he should como in like a flood, God will take care that his Spirit shall lift up a standard against him ltemember, my reader, it is no sin to be tempted ; the sin is in re ceiving, or agreeing with, the temptation Christ himself was tempted, but ho resis ted the tempter ; and it is thy privilege to fly unto Christ under every tempta tion. Tell him thy case, implore his as sistance, and depend upon it, ho will take care that even teniptationsshall be among those "all things" that work togel for thy good. Foget not the exhortation of the Lord. " Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Resist tho devil, and he will flee from you. The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out. of temptations. There hath no temp tation taken you but such as is common to men ; but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able. This iii the Chrif inn's ehiefest joy; His faithful (it d in ever nigh ; Whiwe. rod, mid stuff, imd promised grace l'riiteet him .through thin wilderness. A Pretty Song. As many of our read ers havo doubtless heard the following song we give it a plaee in our columns, feeling assured that it will be admired. The associations connected with it, ren der it double dear to us ! The Deareiit Spot on Knrth. The deitrest spot of enrth to me . , U h'inie, sweet home; The f ury l.md I've longed to see, , Ik hunie, sweet home ; There how cli.inned the sense of hearing There where hearts are so endearing, All the world is not so chirring, As home, sweet home. taught my heart the way to prize My home, sweet home ; I'w learned to look with h ver's eyes, On home, tweet home ; There when1 vows are truly plighted, There where hearts are so united, All the World besides 1 ve slighted, For home, sweet home ! Guard Against Vulgar Language. There is as much connection between the words ami the thoughts as . there is be tween the thoughts and the words; tho latter are not only the expressions of the former, but they have power to react upon the soul, and leave the stains of their corruption there. A young man who allows himself to use one profane or vulgar word has not only shown that there is a foul spot on his mind, but by the utterance of that word he extends that spot and inflames it, till, by indul gence, it will soon pollute and ruin the. whole soul. Be careful of your words, as well as your thoughts. If you can control the tongue, that no improper words are pronounced by it you will soon be able also to control the mind, and save that from corrupt ion. You extinguish the fire by smothering it, or by prevent ing bad thoughts burstingout in language. Never utter a word anywhere which you would bo ashamed to speak in presence of the most refined female, or the most religious man. Try this practice a little while, and voii will soon have command of vourself. : - . The Ilea nt ii of a Piush. Goethe was in company with a mother and daughter, when the latter buing reproved for some fault, blusbt-d and burst into tears., . He said : "How beautiful your reproach has made vour daughter ! The crinisou hue and those silvery tears become her better than any ornament of gold and pearls. They may be hung on; the neck of a wan ton, but these are never seen disconnected with moral purity. ; A full blown rose, be sprinkled with the purest dew is not; so leaiitiful as this child blushing hencath ter mother's displeasure ' and shedding tears of sorrow. A blush is the sign, which Nature hangs out, to show where chastity and honor dwell.", Teacher" WflTiam, can you tell me whv the sun rises in the east t" Pu- il; looking demure " Dun, now, sir, 'ceptit.be that 'east makes everything rise. ; rue-teacner iamteu. nr A young urchin upon hearing that his brother was sick, asked his father, "I say, dad, if Pete dies, mayn't I then havo bis boots !" That was cutting it in cool respective! ... ' ,; ; ...f, l"tT A modern enigma runs thus : ' In a land flowing with milk and honey, why 1 Uhoidd there bo thousands starvin-r tsF"Th() elegant form, rosy cheek, arched brow, flashy eyes, and glossy ring lets," are said to constitute beauty. Not only the young and gay believe it, but thousands with hoary "hairs and time-honored brows, yield to this opinion. But do these constitute true beauty ? Tis true, that in the symmetrical from, the dimpled cheek, and shining tresses we find much to please the eye, but are there no higher charms, no more durable beauty than this ? Alas ! if there were not, for soon do they perish and fade like the hues from the flowers. True beauty, consists in a well culti vated state of the intellectual and moral faculties. The cultivation of tho mind afone, leaves us destitute of the power, both to enjoy and to do good, while that of morals without the mind, loses half its advantage, both to the possessor and others. External accomplishments adorn and beautify human nature; intellectual cul ture exalts and refines it while moral excellence imparts to it, true dignity. Then we can be at no loss for the stan dard of true beauty and excellence the combination of intellectual and moral cul ture. This ,being true, with what untiring assiduity should we strive to cultivate the mind and improve the morals, and by it secure that fadeless beauty true merit which such a course alone can give. bascom u ems. A rit'b lieor(. married couple of Cincinnati, after living together for thirty years, recently petitioned tho Ohio Legislature, for a divorce, without, however, assigning any reason for this abrupt termination of their domestic relations. The matter was re ferred to a committee, which in due time, presented the following report : 1 lie petitioners James and Maria Sutton do not sufficiently set forth the cause, why they "mutually severed and parted," and alter a co-habitation of thir ty years, it is necessarily very important to know these reasons. They leave an immense range of inference on the minds of this learned assembly, They might have been dissatisfied with each other's tersonal beauty, or wearied with their respective mutual attractions. They might have been fighting constantly for thirty years, and at last, both being ex- lausted, ami neither being able to "come up to the time," they mutually backed out, fizzled and crawled away from the scene of combat. Again some direful tiend, in moustache and patent leather wots, may have intruded his fascinating but diabolical phiz, into their peaceful domestic circle, poisoned tho happiness of that shrine and finally caused a sepa ration between the blessed pair, and a connection between his own back and a tough cow-hide. Which of these is tho cause of the split, tho committee aro un able to sav. Again they arc of the opinion that two mortal sinners, who have been in purga tory for thirty years, should certainly be put through in one direction or the other, instead of being allowed to return to the terrestrial condition of their former state. A precedent will be found for this course in the case of "Orpheus vs. Pluto." First Pandemonium Reports, The committee could see no reason why these evidently ancient turtle doves should not peaceably and quietly pursue the course they practiced for thirty years, and mutually return to each other's bo soms ; and would advise this course, for reasons as follows : " For high the bliss thut waits on wedded love, Hut, purest emblem of the bliss above. Of one fond heart to be the slave and lord, Hlcss and be blessed, adore and lie ndored ; To draw new rupture, from another's joy j , To ubtire each pang and half its sting destroy; To own the link of soul, the chain of mind. That hearts to hearts and ham Is to baud can ; t bind.- ... . . . , , Forever and ever amen." The committee being, therefore, unap prised of the causes of this separation, or its probable monstrous results, can only recommend the House to advise them to " stick it out" for their brief future of this earth. Whatever their difficulties or " embarrassments" may be, w hether sen timental or constitutional, the difficulties of the Legislature aro both "sentimen tal and constitutional;" as, therefore, this House "would'nt if it could," nor " could'nt if it would," they recommend the petitioners to the Court of Cumum Picas, and to beware of bigamy. Signed by a majority ot the commit tee. It is sufficient to add, that after a mo tion to print 250,000 copies was made by Mr. AV est, the report was laid on the ta ble. CiTIIope, wiys Campbell, is tho gay to morrow of the mind that never conies. X3F One day is worth thrc docs everything in Us order vorth three to him who VOL. VI.XO.2T. Young Women's Part in Life. There is something in a fair faced damsel which takes a young man's eyes whether lie will or no. It may be magnetism. It may bo the sympathy of that, which is beautiful in men's natures for that which is Jovely in women's. The women have great power over the sex called sterner. Particularly so, if they be young, pretty and marriageable. : Young women ! do you know that it is you who are to mould some man's life Have you ever thought of the responsibility that attach es to you who are married ? A word you may say to a young man whom you may never marry nor even see a second time, will possibly exert an influence over his life that you don't dream of! A smile docs wonders in lighting up tho dark cor ners of a mans soul a word in the right place may electrify his whole being. A wrong influence will do more damage in a single instant than a life time may cor rect. The fashionable, extravagance of a large majority of the young women, in town and country, frightens young men away from intention of matrimony, leads them to look upon the whole sex with distrust and drives them to scenes where they are bound hand and foot by the un reasonable demands of the wives who would spend faster than they could make. And the fact is that this tendency shows signs of increase makes the case worse. lho fever of fashionable dress, the icno- ranco of housewifery accomplishments. the lack of the peculiar home-virtues that are calculated to make homo lovelv in fect the villagers now-a-days as rhey do in xne city. When an earnest, energetic, hard working, sensible young fellow, who is in search of a wife, sees this, he fears, hesi tates, refuses to marry at all perhaps, and so does only half the good he could in the world simply because he has no notion of fulfilling the homely but very truthful adage which tells of placing a man's nose continually upt. wriudK -stone. We commend the subject to the regard of our young women readers. Let them cultivate the domestic virtues know woman's duties cherish their hands less and their intellect more and their lot will bo happier and better.. More than this, they will find that there are mates in tho world for them, and those worth having. Will not mothers bring the true mode of life before their daughters in the light in which it ought to be shown which is nothing more thau common sense. That is tho rarest of vir tues; more valuable because there is comparatively little of it to be found. The Xeedful Courage. Whatever you be in rank, fortune or abilities, be not a coward ; courage is the armor of the heart and tho safeguard of all that is good in this world. Not the valor that faces tho cannon, or brave tho perils of tho wilder ness and wave. That is a useful quality, and much to bo respected, yet only after Its kind, as a thing which a man may share with his dog. But courage to speak the truth, though it be out of favor and fashion ; to stand by the right w hen it is not the winning side ; to give the wrong its true name, no matter what my lord may think or my lady will say, that is the bravery most wanted in these days of much profession and little practice. .Y. Yvrlir. .. Mobile and Ohio Hail road. On Mon day evening, at an adjourned meeting of the Directors of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad Company, the following oflieers were unanimously re-elected : ; A. G.Irwin, Treasurer. ; O. S. Beers, Auditor. G. M. Parker, Secretary. Col. Young, in consequence of press ing private business, resigned his seat as a Director, and George Westfeldt was elected to fill the vacancy. On motion of Col. Rupert, the Execu tive Committee was- contiuued, and the following named gentlemen were unani mously elected to compose tthe Commit tee : . . , . , Jonathan Emanuel, Chairman. Duke W, Goodman. ,1 J. C.Rupert. The Board then adjourned to meet acain at 4i o'clock this evening. .... . IW The Legislature of Alabama adopt ed resolutions calling for an election of delegates to a State Convention in tho eveut that Kansas was refused admission into tho Union bv Congress under the Lecompton Constitntit n. But.it refused to pass an act to provide for the pay of the members of tho Convention, if called and held ! This refusal is a practical nullification of the first resolutions I Bitty Patterson. 'tho renowned Billy, was married in Memphis on the 6th inst, to Miss Magio B. Chester. St. Louis Democrat. It is npjoflger a mystery who 'struck' Billy Patterson.