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Perth Amboy evening news. (Perth Amboy, N.J.) 1903-1959, February 28, 1907, LAST EDITION, Second Section, Image 11

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Charles Crowell, of 26 Pitman
avenuo, Ocean Grove, who is well
known here, a member of C. K. Hall
Post, G. A. R., of Asbttry Park, has
written a volume of reminiscences of
the Civil War In which he participat
ed, giving In detail his experiences
from the time of his enlistment In
April, 1861, until he was mustered
out of the service in August, 1865, In
tho opening paragraphs the writer
tells of the firing upon Port Sumter,
the surrender of Major Anderson and
his troops and the subesequent call
to arms. This follows his enlistment
and a brief resume of his war experi
ences, relating without detail the
number of battles In which he fought,
where they were fought and the gen
eral under whom lie fought, conclud
ing with the surrender of General
Robert E. Leo anti the Army of
Nor: tern Virginia at Appomatox
Court House, April 9, 1865.
On April 11, 1861, writes Mr.
Crowoll, Governor Pickens, of South
Carolina, demanded tho surrender of
Fort Sumter, which was declined by
Major Anderson, commanding the
United States forces. On April 12
the bombardment began. Our flag
was shot down and Anderson surren
dered the garrison, marching out with
honors of war. This news came like
a bugle call "to arms.” The spirit of
patriotism seized tho masses and the
north began to rise. Among the
many who caught this spirit was
Charles Crowell of Perth Amber,
N. J.
It was thought at our capital that
our forts, already unlawfully taken
possession bf by the states In seces
sion would be repossessed in three
months. . Under this assumption
President Lincoln issued a call for
75,000 men to enter the United States
army service for three months. Un
der this call Charles Crowell enlisted
in a company raised at Perth and
South Amboy.
On the arrival of this company at
1 ICUtVUi UIW OLrtlO UlJMl I', U PilO
foui,(l tftal the Quota for New Jersey
had been spontaoe jusiy filled. The
most of the companies had been as
signed to regiments or had proceed
ed to Washington. Charles Crowell
was like a celt in harness fot the
first time, chafing at the bit. He, with
seventeen others, returned home.
Those remaining enlisted under a
later call for volunteers to serve three
years. They served gallantly until
the end of hostilities. Charles Crow
ell proceeded to Brooklyn, N. Y., and
enlisted in what was then kuon n as
the “Brooklyn Phalanx,” or ‘First
bong Island Volunteers,” later as the
“Sixty-seventh Regiment, New York
Suite Volunteers.”
This regiment was raised under
the auspices of the Plymouth Church
of Brooklyn, Henry Ward Beecher,
pastor, without, a dollar of expense
to the stato of New York. We were
virtually independent. As the Unit
ed States government would not rec
ognize independent, regiments we
took the state number allotted to us,
the 67th. This regiment was mus
tered into the United States service
on June 20, 1861, for three years.
Charles Crowell held the position of
first sergeant of Company A, (first
company), and that of regimental
quartermaster’s sergeant in the 67th
New York Volunteers.
Ho having raised a commission
from Horatio Seymour, governor of
the stable of New York, as first lieu
tenant lifthe 65th regiment of New
York (formerly commander) and
raised in New York city by Brigadier
General Alexander Shaler) ho was
transferred on Nov. 21, 1864. He al
so received a commission as captain
from Reuben E. Fenton, governor of
the state of New York, on June 29,
1865.
Charles Crowell participated in 22
battles in which the Army or the Po
tomac and the Army of the Shenan
doah were engaged, and served under
| Generals McClellan, Pope, Burnside
Hooker, Sedgewlck, Mead, Sheridan
and Grant to the end of the war, and
has credit for four and one quartet
years’ service, having re-enlisted.
He was detailed for and did special
duty on many occasions and served
as provost marshal on the staff of
General Joseph Hamblin, command
ing the second brigade, first division,
sixth army corps. Some of the bat
tles in which hb participated are
here enumerated: Yorkfown, May 3,
1862; Williamsburg, May 5; Fair
Ohks, of Seven Pines, June 1 and 2;
Savage Station, June 29; Malvern
Hill, July 1; Second Bull Run, Aug.
30; Crampton's Gap and South Moun
tain, Sept.. 14 and 15; Antietam,
Sept. 17; Fredericksburg, Dec. 12,
1862 to April, 1863; Maryle’s
Heights, April 28, 1863; Salem
Church, April 30; Gettysburg, July
2 and 3; Brandy Station, Wilderness,
May 5, 1864; Spottsylvania 'Court
House, May 8 to 12; Cold Harbor,
May 20; Fort Totten, Washington,
D. C., July 11; Winchester, Septem
ber; Fisher’s Hill, Oct. 7; Cedar
Creek, Oct. 19: around Petersburg,
June 15 to 22; Fort Gregg, April 2,
1865; Fort ttahone, April 3; sur
render of Petersburg, April 3: Sail
or’s Creek and capture of Ewell’s
corps, April 6, 1865; surrender of
General Robert E. Lee and the Army
of Northern Virginia at Appomatox
Court House, April 9, 1865.
There were many reconnoissances,
skirmishes, etb, supporting cavalry
movements for which the sixth army !
corps was famous in the Shenandoah
valley and those resulting in the cap-'
ture of Lee’s army in which the 65th
and 67th volunteers took part.
Then follow the reminiscences:
The Sixty-fifth and Sixty-seventh
iXUTT 1 i/i iv » uiuuiuvon, v/v<- i
lng in the same brigade, were under .
many baptisms of Are. At Fair Oake'
on May 31, 1862, tho Sixty-seventh,
lost 109 men, killed and wounded.!
Five different times, they were forced
to rally around their colors to pre-!
vent them from falling into the hands j
of tho enemy, dnd bguorth
of tho enemy and brought them out
of battle, completely riddled with bul
let holes, tattered and torn with but
few shreds left on the staff. These
colors are now stored in care of the
Long Island Histprical Society in
Brooklyn. Tho left of the battalion
rested on the famous Seven Pines,
the key point in this battle. They
supported Miller’s famous battery of
artillery from Philadelphia, who
stood nobly by their guns under the
most severe hail storm of deadly mis
siles, and did most effective service
although greatly outnumbered. The
67th' New York Volunteers and Tenth
Massachusetts Volunteers, on tho left
Aank, with Miller’s battery in tho cen
ter, at tho Seven Pines, checked the
hordes under General Joseph K.
Johnston. At Augusta, Ga., in 1869,
when war scenes were frosh in our
minds, I met General Johnston and
wo rehearsed this battle. He said
that little brigade at Seven Pines, on
May 31, 1862, kept up the hottest and
most continuous Are he experienced i
during the war. I corrected him and:
told him that tho fragments of two'
regiments only—the 67th Newr Yorkj
and Tenth Massachustees supported
Miller’s battery. He expressed him
self surprised at tho information,
turned to his historical notebook and
made a memorandum to that effect
and thanked me profusely.
The explanation how such a small
body of troops could keep up such a!
rapid Are was due to this fact.| Just
a few days before the battle our old
paper cartridges were exchanged for
Johnson & Bow’s patent cartridges
wltliVombustile cases. So well greas
ed were they that after two' or three
shots the barrels of our rifles became
heated, wlitc hmelted the grease and
let the cartridges slip down to the
breech without the aid of a ram-rod.
Generals Kearny and Hooker, with
(heir brigades, relieved us, a tlfed
and worn-out lot. We fell back on
•Savage Station and Bottom’s Bridge,
which places we had to defend on
June 29, 1862.
Then came the retreat to Harri
son’s Landing on the James river un
der the cover of our gun-boats.
An officer from the French army,
Prince De Joinville, on General Mc
Clellan’s staff, paid the First Long
Island or 67th Regiment of New York
a compliment that is recorded in his
tory and army reports, "for Its stub
born resistance and stand at Seven
' Pines," the key point. Hal there
been tiny wavering or break at this
point the army would have been cut
in two. .
On our way to Harrison’s Landing,
when we made it six days’ fighting, a
memorable battle was fought : "Mal
vern Hill,” on July 1, 1862.
Our position was a flue one and re
flected great credit to our engineer
officers. It was on a slope with the
artillery playing over the heads of
th infantry. The heat from those
cannon reminded us of warmer re
gions.
The Wheat fields In our front wore
soon trodden out of sight and we had
full view of the enemy. Wo could see
them form and some seemed to be
driven Into tile fight by the cavalry
of General Magnifier's, who was in
command of the enemy’s forces. It
was a long drawn out. battle, fully
GO to 100 rounds of ammunition be
>UB uncu umu. it n tva uiuu^ui uu |
tho field by pack mulas.
Having checked the enemy we
Joined the rest of tho army at Har
rison's Landing, where we remained
In camp, surrounding ourselves with
formidable and strong earthworks,
until August 18, 1862, when we took
transports at Yorktown and were
towed up the Chespeake and Potomac
rivers to Alexandria. Here we were
placed under command of General
Pope with headquarters In the sad
dle.
The second battle of Bull Hun was
fought on Aug. 30, 1862. To digress
just al ittle: I recall a famous speech
to his regiment made by Colonel Pad
dy Ryan, of the Thirty-sixth New
York. The following is all 1 could
catch as we were under marching or
ders and I had to join my regiment. It
ran thus:
"Thirty-sixth Ney York, Jackson is
In your rear with 40,000 people. I
command you every man to stand by
the colors; the first man that runs I
will clave my sabre in his head and
lave it. there.” No braver soldier
than Paddy Ryan ever lived. He.
would march up to the mouth of a
cannon and look into it to see if it
was loaded. He was famous for his
Irish wit and funny speeches.
General Pope having allowed Leo
to get away from him and invade
Maryland, General McClellan wasj
again placed in command of the ar- j
my, which moved at once into Mary-'
land. We ran up against the enemy
at Cramplon’s Gap and South Moun
tain, after a long and tedious scaling
the mountaiusido away from roads
ns turnpikes into the wilds of the
mountain summit. We succeeded in
flanking the enemy and opened up
the roads to Harper’s Ferry and An
tletam Bridge. Here wa found a
bloody, stubborn battle for the bridge
and the position south of the creek.
Our losses were great: we were
whipped in detail. Ha’d we massed
I Ml 1 IUICWJ ilUU IIUL Ht'Ul III U IMUlUllIl
of troops from time to time, which
was a most grievous error, wo could
have without doubt swept Leo’s army
into tho Potomac. After the army
had a short, rest President Lincoln
paid us a visit. Then same the com
mand, “Forward, march.”
We passed into Virginia by the left
flank at right of Lee's army and were
brought to a standstill near Warren
ton, Va. At this time political influ
ence was felt in the army, ns wo were
on tho eve of a presidential election.
Our most beloved of all generals for
the army loved him as Napoleon’s sol
diers loved him, was removed from
the command of tho army. When he
passed through the lines to bid the
troops farewell, old soldiers wept
like children. Some people can nev
er be made to understand this as they
are not ROldters and are prejudiced
politically.
General Burnside was then placed
in command and we proceeded to
Fredericksburg, where we crossed
and recovered again and again, (it
was like playing soldier the Rappa
hannock river.
Now comes another farce.
On to Richmond in Ten Days.
About April 15, 1863, General Joe
Hooker succeeded Bpurnside in com
mand of the army. On April 26 he
started the army in motion with a
blast of trumpets. Ten days’ rations
and 100 rounds of ammunition were
issued to each man.
The main body of the army crossed
the upper Pappahannock fords, gave
battle at Chancellorsville, met with
reverses and recrossed the river, leav
ing the Sixth Corps which had crossed
the lower Rappahannock on pontoon
bridges April 26, landing in Freder
icksburg in double quick time. On
April 27 they made that famous as
sault and captured Marye’s Heights, a
position considered almost impreg
nable. It was costly' in killed and
wounded, but in war when results are
go into all i >
»e captured the fainoui*
bkttery from Now Orleans on tnose
heights. I observed Corporal Charles
Welngart, who had charge of one. of
the guns. , In 1X70. live years after
i the war, and seven years after this
incident, I met and recognized him in
the city of New Orleans. We became
i friends and have had many rehear
sals of that scene and drink from the
same canteen.
j We then proceeded to Salem
I church. On May 1, i,X63, we ran up
I against Lee’s entire army, leaving the
I Sixth Corps to stand against this over
whelming forte. l.ee attempted to
surround us; we fought him on three
sides, checkins him. Under the cov
er of the night, sacrificing a few can
non and our skirmish line, we passed
out on the fourth side so quietly as
not to expose the movement.
It was here that I observed und
learned the fighting mettle of the
Sixth Corps. To cover their retreat
three lines of battle were formed on
a side hill so each could fire over the j
heads of those in front. It was a
grand position livery soldier was in
fighting spirit and prayed that the
enemy might put in an appearance on
that beautiful moonlight night. This
spirit prevailed to such an extent we
were afraid they woudl fight among
themsel vcs.
When a body of troops has to throw
away ten days’ rations and sixty
rounds of ammunition It is calculated
to bring about just such a state of af
fairs.
Now comes the great unloading of
winter clothing, blankets, etc., enough
to stock up tne enemy's quartermas
ter's department. The roads for fifty
miles were strewn with such goods
east off by the soldiers as being bur
densomho on the march and left for
the enemy to gather them in.
On the famous march of the Sixth
Corps from Fredericksburg, Va., to
Gettysburg, Pa., they made an aver
age of twenty-seven miles per day for
ten days In succession and forty miles
on the eleventh day and night, reach
ing or arriving at Gettysburg on July
•>, 1X63, just In time to check the en
emy as they broke the lines of the
Third corps anu were musing an pi
fort to gain possession of the old
stage road leading direct to Balti
more. It was a critical moment, ns
possession of this road would have
caused tho surrender of Baltimore
and possibly'Phllndalphia. But Prov
idence willed it otherwise. To show
how close a shave It was In Westmin
ster, Md., only twenty-seven miles
from Baltimore, on the tenth day of
that famous march we encountered
Stuart’s cavairy In strong force and
why he did not ride into Baltimore Is
a great wonder, us lio was completely
detached from Bee’s army and Bal
timore. Instead he marched to York,
Pa., Philadelphia and York being his
objective points where he doubtless
expected to dictate terms which
meant the independence of the con
federate states. He aimed too high
and did not reckon on the ability of!
New York and Philadelphia with their;
militia as being ready for such an
emergency.
At this time, there were many anx-j
ious hearts and many prayors went upj
to heaven by those who had never
before felt any of tho terrors of war J
with tho army of the enemy Invadingj
their state and homos.
At Gettysburg, on the third day of
that memorable battle, July 3, 1S63,
the Sixth corps did effective service.
The Second brigade of the First dhi
sion at daybreak reached Culp's hill,
the extreme right of the army’s lines.
They marched in relieving only to be
relieved again In a few moments,
countermarching then marching In
again, going through tho same man
euvers, apparently to deceive the en
emy. This was done under scatter
ing and occasionally volley firing on
the part of the enemy. Then that fa
mous and greatest of artillery duels
lasting from 12 to 2 p.m. took place,
and when It ceased a painful silence
fell upon us. We were wondering
what next was coming to rack our
nerves. Just then Pickett, at the(
head of his veterans as an assault- j
lng column in great numbers, moved
out over the fields. Our artillery
poured a terrible and most destruc-1
live fire into their ranks, thinning out)
the columns in view, only to be filled j
from reserve columns following close-1
ly until they reached our lines. It
was hero Pickett’s famous command,:
“Now, boys, give them the cold steel" j
..Unirln or ue/v/1 im thfilr
reserve force and having no support,
those who did reacn our linos being
completely exhausted, they wore un-|
able to cope with the swoop made up- ]
on them by the Sixth corps. They
simply had to ground arms, and be
marched to the rear as prisoners of
war. Not 10 per cent, of that bravo
lot of fellows over reached their own
lines again. This “Pickett charge” as
It is known in history, must rank as
the greatest on record.
July 4 was spent burying the dead.
Neither army shtfwed any Inclination
to fight, as all were about exhausted
and needod some change of duty or
rest. Every barn, building or any
thing that had a roof, was pressed
Into hospital service, and with the.
tents, were filled with the enemy's
wounded or disabled soldiers. Many
of their surgeons remained with them
As one, followed upon July 5, the
retreat of Leo’s army, we had no op
portunity to see our hospitals and
that groat army of disabled United
States soldiers.
We simply followed Lee at a re
spectful distance; there seemed to be
no disposition to hurry him or force
a fight. M'e wore grateful to think
they had turned bade as the tension,
had been so great for the last fort
night, we could not stand very much
more of such excitement or uncer
tainty.
Neither army was in a condition to;
prolong !■••<•'UUes: like I wo prize;
fighters, the ‘k'd fought themselves,
to a standstill History at this point
•Imply says, v council of war decid
places familiar to every soldier of an
observing turn of mind. The army 1
made Its winter headquarters at'
Brandy station, Va.
In the early spring of 1864 Lee out
flanked this position, which meant;
retreat again. About this time Gen
eral U. H. Grant came east and as-,
sumed command of all the United1
States armies, making his headquar
ters with the Army of the Potomas,
General Meade commanding.
On May 5, 1864, wo reached the
“Wilderness,” and fought two days!
without gaining any ground. Geuerul j
Grant udvanced his army left In front,
lapping Lee’s right flank and arriving
at Spottsylvanin Court House on May
S. Here the armies made a stubborn
and bloody fight, lasting four days. It j
was at this point, that General Grant
telegraphed headquarters at Wash-!
ington, “I propose to fight it out on '
this line if it takes all summer.”
Resuming his old tactics, he moved
the army by the left flank, arriving at
Cold Harbor about. May 20. The army
at this point did considerable digging
and lived in trenches. There was con- |
slderable fighting for positions und I
some of the finest sharpshooting was
displayed, it became so general that
trenches were made parallel to road
ways so that they could move about
under cover unseen by the enemy. It
was a web of underground roadways.
About. June 15, 1864, the army
crossed the James river on the long
est pontoon bridge ever used by an
army. Arriving at Petersburg we
found our old enemy in our front
still disputing our right of way.
Our colored troops showed their
mettle and ability to fight, taking
earthwork after earthwork until they
seemed to exhaust the lines and then
cried for more. They seemed to on
Joy it nnd consider it sport; it was
new business to them.
About July 1 the Sixth corps was
ordered to Washington. On our ar
rival we found Early knocking at the
back door,. Wo bad the extreme
pleasure of seeing Fort Totten, one
of the chnin around Washington, that
our regiment assisted In building In
18G1, open its old-fashioned monster
guns on Early and his advance guard,
thus for the fii^t and only time ac
tively' defending the capital. Early,
observing that troops from the army
of tho Potomac had arrived and a
part of his mission being to divert |
from .that army, retreated into Vir
ginia and the Shenandoah valley.
The Sixth corps and the Nineteenth I
corps, with a part of tho array of
West Virginia, together with Sheri
dan's cavalry, comprised the army of '
the Shenandoah, General Philip Sher
idan commanding. In the Shenan
doah valley we met Early’s army on'
several occasions and did some brisk i
fighting.
On Oct. 7, after a fierce battle on
Fisher's hill, our favorite "Little
Phil" ordered a retreat, thus draw
ing the mighty Jubal Early out of
this stronghold. We took up a posi
tlou along Cedar creek. In the ab
sence of Sheridan General \Vrlght
wits in command.
In daylight, when every movement j
of the armies was discernible to oach j
other, the Sixth corps moved out over
the Blue Ridge mountains—a move-]
ment calculated to deceive Early,
which it did. As he harangued hiHj
troops he informed them that the I
Sixth corps had gone to Washington 1
to rejoin the army at Petersburg,
leaving the Nineteenth corps and a
few other commands which his army
could annihilate and gobble up before
dinner time on the next day, Oct. 19.
Accordingly the attack was made
at daybreak. It was a surprise to our
troops and Early had everything
about bis own way. The Nineteenth
corps put. up a stubborn defense and
acquitted themselves nobly.
Now you must remember this was
a put. up job. See the results. Under
the cover of the ingut the Sixth corps
returned and each regiment took up
Cedar creek.
What looked like a rout of our ar
my so elated and inllatcd Early that
he ordered fofward his wagon trains,
etc., to follow up a seeming victory.
After they had crossed the one bridge
they were in a trap. They came on
until they struck the lines of the
Sixth corps, who were quietly await
ing their coming. It was just here
that “Little Phil" arrived on the
field, after making that famous ride.
The troops, on sight of him, caught
an Inspiration, surrounded him and
called for a speech. Sheridan replied
‘ This is no time for speochmaking.”
This did not. satisfy the veterans;
they would not let him out. He then
said, "If they come again, go after
them." This also failed to satisfy
them and then “Little Phil” raised
himself in his stirrups and said:
"Gentlemen, the highest compliment
I can pay you is, you are all generals
—now go after them."
The enemy had just nppeared In
their front and true to the command
our men fixed bayonets, fired one vol
ley, and did “go after them" in such
a vigorous manner that they seemed
to sweep the enemy oft the earth.
It must bo noticed that the enemy, I
up to tills point, had about everything i
their own way; this onslaught most!
completely surprised them. It was
a cyclone charge; the battle flags;
hearing “St. George's cross," the
Sixth corps emblem and badge, were j
seen over the entire field. The sight!
of them most completely demoralized j
the enemy, who were led to believe
that this army corps had gone to
Washington, Sheridan’s cavalry sim
ultaneously made one of their fa
mous charges, capturing the bridget
crossing Cedar creek and thus block
ing the only avenue of retreat. Our j
possession of this bridge resulted in j
the capture of everything Early pos-,
sessed, that ran on wheels, also the |
artillery he had captured from our;
army In the morning.
The artillery and wagons captured i
swelled tip with pride at the til
that each had contributed toward
signal victory.
A wag (and we hatl some in the,
army! chalk ruarged one of the cais-|
son's: “To Major General Philip Sher-j
ldan, commanding the army of the
Shenandoah, In care of Major General I
Jubal Early. From Richmond Ar
senal."
Early's army was completely dls-i
persed. Our cavalry followed up the
victory and so hurussed them that!
they became demoralized and with-1
out commands or commanders——they
took to the mountains and not one!
seemed to be left—(every man forj
himself.) The last, seeli of that army ,
was Early himself with a small num-i
her of his staff and body guard on a
run through Staunton, Va. No army
was ever so completely whipped or
dispersed.
One peculiar thing happened dur
ing the battle of Cedar Creek and It Is
too good to bo omitted.
Our ammunition train of wagons
and mules,was [tacked on a prominent
hill. When the Sixth corps started on
its charge both drivers and mules
seemed to catch the Inspiration; at
any rate they stampeded and ran
down the hill over stone walls and
ditches, completely frightening the
enemy. As they had never seen a
wagon train on u charge they thought
It some new Yankee trick or that Sa
tan had joined hands with the Union
forces and not knowing how to de
fend themselves against this mode of
warfare, they made a right about
face and a bee-line for the bridge—
only to be fnade prisoners of war.
■The Shenandoah valley being
cleaned, the grain mills, etc., being
wiped out of this great granary of the
south; our corps started for Wash
ington In earnest this time.
The citizens who had been so badly
frightened a short time before, when
Early gave them such a scare, turned
out on the streets, along the line of
•nax.l. * V. . .,1.1 nl..iL
r-'orfw a grand ovation. Again wc
boarded transport steamers, und soon
irrlvod at City Point, taking up our
losltion in front of Petersburg. The
war did not last very long after this.
3n April 2, 1865, tho Second brigade,
irst division. Sixth corps, penetrated
ihe lines at or near Port,Gregg,
which fell Into our possession. Hnv
ng mot with success at this point,
3enersl Burnside made a requisition
'or this brigade to break the lines In ;
'rent of the Ninth corps as they had j
nade nine assaults and were repulsed :
:ach time. We took Port Malone, the |
toy point in the chain of forts around i
Petersburg, in 10 minutes from the]
into the bugle sounded the advance, |
with a loss of only two men, so quick-j
y was the movement made.
Then came the surrender of Pc- |
ersburg on April 3, 1865. There are j
i number of claimants as to what
•eglment first, entered Petersburg, but
[ know of my ow n knowledge, the |
:olors of the 65th Regiment, Now.
fork Vols.. were tho first raised ini
hat city. We made an error by se
eding. the Presbyterian church stee
ple, and failed to think for a moment j
:hat the city hall was the proper!
place. A battalion of sharpshooters!
from Michigan placed their colors on j
iho city hall several hours later—our i
colors were up flying before daylight; \
:he Michigan sharpshooters did not’
inter the city until alter daybreak. I
The chase to got around Leo’s army
began on April 4th, 1865. The sixth
:orps having gained a reputation for
iupportlng cavalry movements, were
igaiu required, and supported Gen
eral Sheridan, whoso mission was to
find tho right flank of Lee’s army.We
marched parallel with his army,and
Anally brought up with the right of
Ewell’s corps at Sailor’s creek, on
April 6, and with General Kilpatrick
ind his cavalry he leading the charge
captured General Ewell and his staff
In the open and tho entire corps with
hundreds of wagons. At Ewell’s
headquarters tne drum corps of the
ui)in :now xora vois. nad a picnic.
They dressed themselves in his staff
officers’ uniforms and, mounted on
mules, marched in review to the mer
riment of the bridago.
it was here wo met and captured
the Richmond Naval brigade. This
tvns tho first battle In which they had
participated. '1 hoy were armed with
cutlasses, revolvers and rifles, all of
which were soon In our possession.
Mauy of thorn are held as souvenirs
of the occasion to this day.
In fording Sailor’s creek, which
was quite deep our men carried their
belts and cartridge boxes on their
bayonets while under fire, thus keep
ing their powder dry.
From here wo passed on to and
through tho old tobacco city of Farm
ville to Appomattox Court House,
made famouse as the place where
General Lee and his veterans surren
der^ to General Grant on April 9,
1SC5, on the liberal terms ho so mag
nanimously offered. When the cour
ier rode through the army and an
nounced the surrender the scene can
not well be described. The space
above was like a black cloud filled
witli soldier caps. Myriads of birds
known in the south as bats were at-1
tracted by them, rhus assisting in our
rejoicing
Every soldier now began to see;
visions of home, sweet homo, acting
like chlldron. During all this rejoic
ing about every, piece of artillery
belched a hundred shots each. This
road of thunder soon brought on
rain, making It. most uncomfortable,
ns we were without shelter. Soldier
like, the fault was placed at. the door
of our superior officers.
A few nights after, at midnight,
there was another ,memorable scene,
at lJurkevlllo Junction. Wo were sum
moned into line to hear our adjutant
read the dispatch from Washington
announcing: the assassination of our
beloved President, Abraham Lincoln, j
Every soldier was again ready to
of North Carolina. Tin*
could not learn at first or und
but when the newspapers fetich?
('limps (2s cents each • we ie
that the war department at Washing
ton' did not tnkc kindly to the cet&a
tion of hostilities in thti' section be
tween General Sherman and General
Joseph L. Johnston, but matters were
.soon arranged and the was was u
thing of the past.
Colonel David Milne,from the sixth
corps headquarters, with a small
guard, pressed a locomotive and
freight cars Into service nnd proceed
ed to Greensboro, N. C. The mayor of
that city made a surrender to thorn
and seemed to lie well pleased, as he
did uot care to meet General Sherman
—they had nightmare visions of the
fate of Columbia, S. C.
We countermarched the distance
we had made In four days, In ten
days’ time, and made our headquar
ters at Burkeville Junction, recon
structing, and fcdlng thousands of
destitute children, also some of liwfti '1
veterans who, had returned home on *
their paroles. The Army of the Po
tomac and Sherman’s army, with the
exception of the sixth corps, proceed
ed to Washington via. Richmond, and
they passed in review before Presi
dent Andrew Johnson.
Later the sixth corps passed over , $
the same route and marched through Sjjjj
Broad street, Richmond, Va., In di
vision (or two companies) front.
making an imposing and soldierly ap
pearance. Many of the Inhabitants
declare It was not any wonder they
were whipped. We then proceeded
to Arlington Heights, opposite Wash- j
lngton, and went into enmp; later, af- I
ter an opportunity to tune up, brush
up, etc., we pussed In review before
the President, being well' uniformed
with regulation frock coats, brass
shoulder guards and white gloves.
Our appearance was like that of the\
regular army; in fact many of Wash
iugton’s oldest citizens supposed wc
were regulars. In our regiment we '
had a real Turk. He dressed in nat
ive costume and led a pack mule in
our rear. He attracted considerable :
attention. This was an Innovation 7-S
and not according to army regula
tions, but permissible at this statgfl,
we being volunteers. The column foi' ;
review was formed on Maryland ave
nue, the right resting on Pennsyl
vnnla avenue, where It forms a juries C'
tion near tho capitol, and proceeded '
down Pennsylvania avenue passing -m
in review before the President in
tront of the White House, returning
to our camp at Arlington Heights via.
Aqueduct bridge.
U was rumored at this time that '
the sixth corps was to be retained in
service on account of Mcxican’com
pllcations and "Maximillian's endeav
or to establish a monarchy. ’ Con
gress having unanimously passed a
resolution against the recognition of
a monarchy in Mexico or on this con
tinent.
Our soldiers, feeling that they were
Pretty near citizenship, held indlg
nation meetings, torchlight parades,
etc. On one occasion several thousand
surrounded General Wright's head
quarters and mude a demand to be
sent to their respective states and
mustered out of the United State*
service, as they had enlisted for three
years or the war and, having perform
ed their part, considered the contract
virtually cancelled. Their demands
were very soon heeded; they were
sent home and about all wore muster
ed out by September X, 1865, to.ea
joy that freedom, liberty, peace and ,
citizenship, bo dearly bought by hon- /
est and faithful service. As obedi
ent soldiers they gave up home,
friends and families and many gave
up their lives that their country
might exist as our forefathers in
tended and now say with all true
and loyal citizens;
“God bless our country.
Our native land. ^
Hong may ‘Old Glory* unsullied
[ware
Over the land of tae free
And the homo of the brave.'*
HOW HE LOST
HTS OPPORTUNITY.
to. S. Marden In Success.)
How little the average person who
1r trying to get on realizes how many
things are occurring in his experience
which are trying to down him. and
which are hindering his advance! A
poor job. an unkind word, a stinging
criticism, ingratitude for a favor,
failure to give assistance when it was
in hia power, hard problems skipped
way back in youth, a hasty act, an
indiscretion of an unguarded mo
ment. All things are likely to come
up when be least expects It and bar
bis progress. Many an able man with
political ambitions has failed of elec
tion to congress, or of appointment
to some coveted office, because of
some slip ho has made, or of some
body, perhaps a private secretary,
who has put in the word that check
mated the move for his advancement.
Perhaps it was a sarcastic remark
about someone, who later was in a
position to help him, but lost him
tho opportunity.
Many a man has lost his opportun
ity for advancement under the pres
ent administration by opposing and
criticizing Theodore Roosevelt in Ilia
earlier caroer, when he did not dream
•hat the former would over occupy
Ills present lofty position.
You can never ’ell whore a thrust
of an unguarded mument will laud,
or what effect a sarcastic remark’ *''■;$
nay have on your fture. Ho is a ?
fortunate min who guards hit*
tongue, who tempers his acts with
prudence and good judgment.
All headaches go
When you grow wiser J
And learn to use ' f
An ‘‘Early Riser.” ..fSB
DoWltt’s Little Early Risers, safe,
sure pills. Sold by C. A. Sexton.
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