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WOMEN WHO ARE LEADING NATION WIDE
CAMPAIGN TO GAIN EQUAL SUFFRAGE ■ν MrvWADER MCMAB MIIUR JACOBS 2»oAUD110* In VICE PRES. NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION f Huge Organization is Made Up of 57 State Federations—Works for Suffrage Both by National Amendment and State Referenda—Strictly Non-Partisan. The network of organization that holds together the great national body of Buffragists is indicated by the fact that it is made up of 07 separate state suffrage associations. Its component organizations herald from almost every State in the Union and some States are represented by more than one. Even in those States where suffrage has been already won for women, the old organization is maintained, changing usually into some form of civic body, but retaining its affiliation with the "National." jjating irom me nrst group cauea' In convention In 1848 to discuss woman's rights, the national associa tion, under various names and with ever-expanding ambition and Inten tion, holds the record for 69 years of organized work for woman suffrage, distinguished alike by unswerving devotion to the cause and consistent dignity of method. Every year for the eighteen years between 1848 and 1866 woman's rights conventions held the women of the country together. In 1866 the American Equal Rights Association was formed and the woman's rigliters merged into it. That was the first national effort to secure rw.ognltioa of the fact that th· suf frage question reverts back to the United States constitution. By 1869 It had become apparent that woman suffrage needed its own special or ganization, and under the initiative of Susan B. Anthony the National Woman Suffrage Association was formed. Next year another national suffrage organization was effected under the name of the American Woman Suffrage Association and the leadership of Lucy Stone. In 1890 the two Joined forces as the National Amorlcan Woman Suffrage Associa tion. There, in a nut shell, Is the seventy years of history of the organ ization whose officers are leading the fight today for nationwide suffrage. For years Miss Anthony was at the head of the "National." In 1900 she was succeeded by Mrs. Carrie Chap man Catt, who resigned two years later and was succeeded by a woman whose golden oratory has made her famous from coast to coast, Dr. Anna Howard Shaw. Dr. Shaw served for a baker's dozen of years and when she resigned in turn in 1915, onoo more tfie choice of the organization fell Irresistibly upon Mrs. Catt, Dr. Shaw becoming honorary president. A World Famous Leader. Mrs. Catt is world famous for her comprehensive grasp of the woman question and for her genius for organ ization. Not this country alone, but nearly every other country in the civilized world has felt and responded to her effort to organize its women * for suffrage. Besides being president of the national association she Is at the head of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Federal and State Roads to Suffrage. Ever since 1869, when the first congressional hearing was had at Washington, this national organiza tion hu been working for nationwide euffrage through an amendment to the federal constitution. It Is working for It today with all the force of its iom· J pact organization resources. It keeps I a group of women constantly on the j spot in Washington. In another col umn Its president sets forth the reasons for favoring that road to suf frage above the road through state referenda. But the "National" shuts no doer on suffrage opportunity and, along with its program to secure woman suffrage through federal en »f t.ment, it carries on an equally lnten Farm and Garden Timely Hints for Agriculturists— Profeslonal and Amateur The remarkable growth of agricul ture In New Jersey, and opportuni ties for further growth are pointed out by Dr. J. Q. Lipman, director of th<> New Jersey Agricultural Experi ment Station, In his annual report for 19'16, from which the following quo tations are taken: "The census of 1900 credits New Jersey with an annual value of agri cultural commodities produced of $2<i,(>00,000. The corresponding value In 1910 was *43,000,000. In 1915 It was $68,000,000, and in 1916 It Is likely to exceed $80,000,000. "The possibilities for agricultural expansion In New Jersey are still al most unlimited. Out of a total of 4,808,960 acres of land surfacs, there yere improved In 1910 only 1,801,114 slve and extensive program for suf frage through state referenda. Non-Partlsan. In both Its national and state cam paigns the "National" remains abso lutely non-partisan in method. It recognizes that at Washington no party has ever yet been bo absolutely in power that it could put through a suffrage measure unsupported by the friends of suffrage from the other parties. As the "National" sees it, suffrage requires all the friends it makes, be they Republican, Demo cratic, Progressive,- Soçialtst or Prohi bitionist. Proceeding along non-party lines the National holds all friendly forces, of whatever parties, in the one co-operation. ; HISTORY OF THE "AMENDMENT' 1 There have bean federal amendments before and there will be federal amendments to ; come, but to the suffragists of America there is one federal amendment that has been stand ing out with a crown on its brow [ for some forty years. It was in the 70's that Susan B. Anthony evolved the fed ! oral suffrage amendment. It would take from the States the right to deny the franchise to any citizen of the United States on account of sez, and that ! ! amendment stands today in House and Senate awaiting ac tion. ! ; Since the year 1S82 It has ; ; been reported from the Senate ; committee every year with a favorable majority, except in 1890 and 1896. Twice it has gone to vote in the Senate. The ! ; first time was on January 26, 1887, resulting in 16 yeas and 35 nays, With 26 absent, four of whom were committed to suf frage, giving a total suffrage ; strength of 20. The second time ; was on March 19, 1914, when there were 35 yeas and 34 nays. In the House it has been re- ; ported from committee seven times, twice by a favorable ma Jorlty, three times by an ad verse majority, and twice with out recommendation. The last ; time was on December 14, 1916, without recommendation. The House, in the position of he reditary enemy of nation-wide suffrage, has never let the meas ure come to vote uatU in 1916, tho pressure becoming too strong to be resisted, the poll netted 174 yeas and 204 nays. 1 I AND MONTANA WONI Three states contested for the right to claim the first woman congress man. They were Montana, Washing ton and Kansas. acres. There were, then. In 1910 more than 3,000,000 acres of unim proved land area In New Jersey. Since that time there have been In creases In the acreage of the Im proved area In some localities and decreases in others. Altogether, there are now nearly one and three-quar ter million acres of unimproved land In the southern counties of the state and approximately one and one quarter million ncres of unimproved land In the northern counties of the state. In South Jersey three of the counties, viz., Atlantic, Burlington and Ocean, possess considerably more than ono million acres of land which Is still to be made arable. Evidently, then, there 1s much elbow room in New Jersey and much con structive work which may be done when the time comes for placing a larger supply of food at the disposal of the rapidly growing urban popula tion of the Atlantic seaboard." Seed of DIseasc-Rcsistant Cabbage. Cabbage growers who have had their half-rrowu cabbage crop· ruined by 'ru sunirTivcoRM ι c λ ïCrj^huier^ ZnUVICEPReS CtIR SfcCY. m. eAT2.T2.lE CHAPMAN GATT ρπηοεητ. national american woman suffrage atsociatiom AND SOME OF HER. CO-WOR.KER-S Prefers Action Through Congress To State Referenda A « - ΛΛ Mrs. Catt Points Out That Franchise Has Come to Women of Most Countries Through Parliamentary Bestowal. AJTioet Insuperable Obstacle· In th· Way of Amending Stat· " Constitution·. Readers of suffrage editions In 1917 will not fall to be struck by the fact that whereas yesterday'· argument was devoted to the effort to estab lish the principle of woman suffrage, today's argument Is devoted, In far greater measure, to the method by which suffrage Is to be secured. Almost everybody Is converted to suffrage today. Ail the political parties, great and small, have en dorsed it. The federations of labor are committed to it. The Grangers want it. National organizations of women plead for it. Religious bodies declare for it. Inevitably, with all thie lining-up on the suffrage side. DR. ANNA HOWARD SHAW rlonorary Preaident, National Ameri can Woman Suffrage Association. .he question of how to get it becomes ; paramount. For a great many the tnswer has always been, "by amend ;ng state constitutions." But Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt has recently jointed out unescapable reasons In 1 îupport of the federal route to euf- ι 'rage. Established precedent, rigidity 1 )f State Constitutions, loose election ( awe, the inherent nationalism of thai1 α disease commonly known as "yel lows" will be glad to learn that they can secure, free of charge, a sample of the l>anlah Ball Head cabbage seed by addressing the extension specialist In market gardening of the New Jer sey State Agricultural College at New Brunswick, or any of the county farm demonstrators. This variety of cab bage has been developed for its re sistance to disease. If the seed pro duces η Rood crop on disease-infected soil, where commercial varieties fall, the grower can save a few of the best plants for seed. He may thus be reasonably sure of having no more trouble from this dreaded disease, which is known to remain in infected soil for years. Spring Seeding for Hay. The farmers who pjactlce spring seeding In their wheat or rye, laid down laat fall, should procure their clover seed and some alfalfa seed for the spring sowing. The agronomist of the New Jersey Agricultural Ex periment Station recommends that In fîorth Jersey when timothy 1· used In I ί ' suffrage question, and economy ot w vceduie make a snSBg fortification for Mrs. Catt's argument Her aum mary Is as follows: (1) Suffrage for men aud suffrage for women In other lands, with few ι and minor exceptions, has been grant. ' ed by parliamentwy act and not by referenda. Practically the same method lg provided by our Federal Constitution. To deny Its benefits to the women of thte country Is to put upon them a penalty for being Americans. (2) Congress determines condi tions of citizenship and state con stitutions fix qualifications of vot srs. In no instance has the foreign Immigrant been forced to plead with a. vast electorate for his vote. To leny American women as easy a pro :ess of securing their vote as has )een granted to men Is a discrlmlna ion so flagrant and Intolerable that 10 fair-minded man should be a party ο It. (3) The Constitutions of many itates have provided for amendment >y such difficult processes that they iither have never been amended or ! lave not been amended when the sub- j ect is in the least controversial. [ Voman suffrage is caught in the coila ! if constitutional technicalities. Not ! ο be willing to release It and give J t a fair chance before the country j s un-American. (4) The election laws of all states aake inadequate provision for eafe ;uarding the vote on constitutional mendments. Since election laws do not irotect suffrage referenda, suffragists !emand the right prescribed by our latlonal constitution to appeal their ase from male voters to the higher ourt of Congress and the legislatures. (5) Woman suffrage Is regarded iy every other country as a national uestion. Politicians may prefer to tide behind the arras of a secret bal ot In a referendum which relieve· hem of responsibility, but the wompn >f the land who are self-respecting nough to want a vote ask a "square leal" by national action. The women of Ceylon have learned ; he value of co-operation and have ! nlted their teachers and physicians nto a strong organization called the 'eylon Association of Professional y omen. the fall with winter grain, red clover should be added the following spring: at the rate of eight to ten per pounds per acre. Alfalfa should be added at the rate of two to four pounds per acre, to give a better quality of hay and demonstrate its possibilities as a forage crop for the farm, as well as in oculate the soil for future alfalfa crops. Soils which will not grow red clover well will not grow alfalfa. For soils inclined to be acid and wet. alsike clov er rather than alfalfa should be mixed with the red clover at the rate of two to four pounds per acre. Alsike is a perennial lasting Several years, and can stand wetter and more acid soils than either red clover or alfalfa. The mixture should be made to suit the soil conditions. If soil acidity is the ofily detrimental factor, such a condition may be corrected by the use of lime. Getting Excused. Ignorance of the law excuses no man —you must have money or at least a food lawyer. MnFRAJIK M.ftQE55inu OF PA. fWESTHER G.OGMN 3rd VICt PHS* NATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION'S WORK IN CONGRESS Four Sections With Four Division Chiefs—The "Front Door Lobby," Otherwise Known as the Fighting Phalanx of the National—The "Social Section." Congressional work which is being carried on by the National American Woman Suffrage Association has grown to such dimensions that it has been found necessary to divide it into four sections with a division chief for each. Most picturesque of these sections is the section on legislation, sometimes called the "Front Door Lobby," in recognition o? its scorn of all side door methods and its avowed preference for working in the wide open. Again, it is known as the "fighting phalanx" in recognition of its indomitable spirit and tireless activities. Mrs. Maud Wood Park, of Massachusetts, is its chairman. _ TEXT OF TEE SUFFRAGE AMENDMENT Known Π ate Joint Resolution No. 1. Proposing sn Amendment t· the Constitution of the United 8tates Conferring Upon Wo men the Right of Suffrage. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America la Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring there in), That the following article be proposed to the legislatures of the several states as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of the said legislatures, shall be valid aa part of said Consti tution, namely: "ARTICLE "Section 1. The right of clti rens of the United States to vo! shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex. "Section 2. The Congress shall have power, by appropri ate legislation, to enforce tile provisions of this article." Status ot the Suffrage Bill In Congress Today the federal suffrage amend ment Is In a position of crucial moment in both houses of Congress. After months of the maddening delay incident to being smothered in com mittee, the House Judiciary Commit tee finally reported the bill, without recommendation. This cleared the way for the Rules Committee to secure a place for It on the House's calendar of business. In the Senate the bill haa been favorably reported from the suffrage committee ani Is already on the Senate's calendar of business awaiting action. Action means going to vote. By the time this is read It will be known, in all probability, | whether the 64th Congress, by voting aye on the measure. Is to be the body that will go down in history as the Instrument of the enfranchisement of women, or whether It elects to pass on that high privilege to It· successor, ] the «6th. • une reature or the Front Door Lobby Is the number ο I women of national· prominence who work In tbe capacity ot congressional aides. Among these ■ ^LMrs. William Jennings Bryan; IBKTer %lde la Mrs. Newton D Baker, I wife of the Secretary of War; *tlH I another is Mrs. David F. Houston, wife of the Secretary of Agriculture. All types of ability are to be found in the ranks of the lobbyists. There ! is the persuasive, persistent dauntless· ness of the chairman herself. There is the exalted Idealism of auch women at Mrs. Glendower Evans, also of Massachusetts. There is the Incisive political acumen of women like Mrs. Prank M. Roessing, of Pennsylvania, and the cordial capacity to "handle people," as shown by women like Miss Mary Garrett Hay, of New York. There are soft-voiced, dark-eyed Southerners, like Mrs. Guilford Dud ley, of Tennessee. And there is the blonde daughter-of-the-Vikings type, like Mrs. Ben Hooper, of Wisconsin, From every part of the Union women will work in relays in Washington until the national suffrage bill has been voted upon affirmatively by both houses of Congress. j FINDING FRIENDS \ } IN WASHINGTON Everybody from everywhere comes j to Washington, D C-. and everybody ; finds friends there from home. It falls to the lot of Mrs. Walter Mc- j Nabb Miller, ranking officer of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, to find the friends of suf frage among the people from the different states who make Washing ton their home. She has in charge all the social-political activities on the program of the National's con gressional work for the year. HQ»utiful and extensive suffrage headquarters have been established in Washington at 1626 Rhode Island avenue, a house historic in Wash ington's annals. Still another program of activity, more distinctively social. Is under the leadership of Miss Heloise Meyer, sister of ex-Secretary of the Navy George von Meyer. Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, of New York, Is vice-chair man of this section. There Is also a publicity section co-operating with Washington's local publicity commit tee of which Mrs. Gertrude Mo3shart Is chairman. 1 ι·* FLORIDA Enjoy the trip to Florid* on fast steamers with all the luxuries of "One Class Cabin ScrTice," tOign WEDNESDAYS SATURDAYS New York to Jacksonville Direct S 4930 TUESDAYS nUDAÏS Including mtalt and otmUroom accommodation* Connections for all Florida rasorU Including. Palm Beach, Miami, St. Petenbarf, Havana Wriit for liitraturt. I. W. I'YK, ruinitr Traffla Mauiar CLYDE-MALLORY LINES »·. North Klv«r, Haw York BED CROSS (MER FOR NOODRRK Meeting Held in Auditorium of High School Yesterday When Pians for Organization are Acted Upon. [ Special to the F. VEX IS G NEWS. Wood bridge, Feb. 27:—A meeting was held in the auditorium of the Woodbridge high school yesterday sf'.srnoon for the purpo.se οί organ Ιζιrg for Red Cross work in W oud bridge township. Mrs. A. D. Brear ley, of Rahway, v as present for the purpose of · xpla.nlng the various details and taking the steps necessary to effect an organization. As the meeting was called by 1he War Relief Department of the Xew Jersey Suffrage League many wom en In town who are interested in Red Cross work but who absolutely refuse to be In any way connected with a suffrage movement were ab sent and some of those present ask ed the question that if by becoming members of the proposed chapter they would be obliged to in any way Identify themselves with suffrage. Jlrs. Brearley explained that It was easier to call a meeting under an or ganized body such as the Suffrage League than other» Se; that it could have been called by any of the churches, the Salmagundi or History Club, as the American lied Ctosm was an order under the President of v«t7.lvu uittn.0, jo vuarterea rjy congress and is tho only volunteer agency for relief commissioned by the government in case of war or overwhelming: disaster. There are six classes of member ship, it was explained, as follows: Annual member, $1; subscribing member, $2; contributing member, $5; sustaining member. $10; life member, $25; patron (life member), $100. Mrs. W. H. Demarest was chosen as temporary chairman and appoint ed a nominating committee of Mrs. J. H. Thayer Martin, Mrs. B. S. Lacy and "g. rs. C. A_ deRussy. Another meeting will be held next Monday afternoon in the auditorium, of School No. 1 when it is hoped that women from every part of Wood bridge township will make an effort to be present. The application, j blank for the approval of the Nation al Committee at Washington con tained the names of the following? women: Nancy Demarest. Minnie C. Adams, Edith S. Rice, Kate B. Lacy, Julia E. Hinsdale, Susie Freeman, Edith G. Hinsdale. Bertha H. Boyn ton, Isabelle C. Demarest and Mar guerite Browne. Each of the above paid the sum of $1 and last night Mrs. Lacy sent a check to Washington with the ap plication properly filled in. HOLY NAME SOCIETY HAS BIG EVENT IN ROOSEVELT Special to the EVEX1XO XEWB. Roosevelt, Feb. 27.—Members of the Holy Name Society and their guest* enjoyed an excellent concert in the social room in the basement of St. Jos eph's R. C. church in the Chrome sec tion Sunday night. A highly enter taining program w as carried out to the delight of all χ>resent and the concert was conceded to be one of the beet I of if s kind yet- uita hiken. fly làt Holy Name organization. Features of the program were atv· eral musical selections capably render ed by the brass band of the HolyNîame Society. A solo was rendered by T. Bishop and Mr. Ganovsik entertained with rapid freehand sketching. A, comical recitation by William Rap9 won favor. 8i. Joseph's church, of which Rev. Father Hagerty is the pastor, is the scene of special 1 en ten services at this time. Lenten devotions are conduct ed there Wednesday and Friday of each week during the season. "Come OB Over, St· My Corn Fall Off!" "I Pat 2 Drops of 'Gets-If on Lui Night—Now Watch—" "See—all you have to do Is to use your two fingers and lift the corn right off. That's the way "Gets-It* always works. You Just put on about 2 drops. Then the corn not only shrivels, but loosens from the toe, without affecting the surround ing flesh in the least. Why, it's al most a pleasure to have corns and "Tfcat Wm» m Qviek Pnnend Tkftl Cora Had With 'Oeti-lt ." see how •Gets-It' gets them off in a hurry and without the least pain. X can wear tie ht β hoes. dance and walls as though I never had corns.*1 "Gets-It" makes the use of toe irritating salves, bundling: bandages, tape, plasters and other things not only foolish, but unnecessary. Use this wonderful discovery, "Gfota-It·** for any soft or hard corn or callu·. It 1s the new, simple, easy, quick way, and it never falls. You'll never have to cut a corn again with knives or scissors, and run chances of blood poison. Try "Gets-It" tonight. "Gets-It" is sold everywhere, SSo a bottle, or sent on receipt of pslce by E. Lawrence St Co.. Chicago, 111. Sold in Perth Amboy and recom menced as the world's best corn rem edy by United Cigar Store® Co., Drue Dept.. A- H. Seaman. HAVANAIS** Sailings from New York Thura· days and Saturdays on large, twin-screw American steam ships. Nassau-Bahamas Sailiugs from New York every Thursday. Mexican cruise, ! I days. Including Havana. Cuba, Progreao. Vera Cru* and Tampico. Mexico. Baillas· tort· nightly on Thursday». All Sailing· Under tbe American ft·· WARD LI Mew Yertt aad (Take Hall H Θ·Ι"Β Utaaral Office· It Wall M Arnl' ta Jaeek BalOeiai •t . te BU Perth iakn. mmr nflraal ticket etHa, Ikartnt teariat ueaar.