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DAILY PUBLIC LlDOIll, SATURDAY. AUQU8T 19.
MW?, 4 ' THE DAILY PUBLIC LEDGER; tablMht Hall; Kvrept Hsedsj. Keartli of Jnlt, ThawksirJvInf and Chr1rtaa 7 TIM Ledger rabllshlng Osaeany, Maystlll. Kentorky. Local nl Long Distance Telephone No. 40. Office Public Ledger nulldlng. at tba Mayavllle. Kentucky. Poatofflca at Becond-claas Mall Mattar. HI BH RIPTION.H HV HAIL. Ona Tear Six Months .. Tbraa Months DKLIVEBKD BT Par month Payable To Collector For President - Charles E. Hughes of New York. For Vice-President- Charles W. Fairbanks trt' Indiana. For Congressman A. .). Pennington of Carter County. THE EXPLOITERS IN MEXICO Vfeednm Wilaxm'i rtfttwm to the "expWtpw" of KisiM h;i aroused echoes which must have startled tlx' President. He Iihs per haps done Mexico a atrrief which he did not intend wbw iM culled at tention so conspicuously to Ihe investments which have been made in thateontrv by foreigners A few BOmpaVaWM lictuccn lltXaM which existed before DiM came into power and thl Mexico which Data mined over to Miidero may be useful. The Mexico which Mu undertook to place upon it. feet was a howlin wilderness of brigandage and corruption. Kidnap ping was not uncommon even in the streets of the capital, and no man's life was worth a dollar anywhere in the republic. The cities were noisome, filthy, disease breeding holes. Then was little mining less agriculture ami no industry at all. Diaz, extinguishing revolt suppressing the bandits and restoring the national credit, called upon the capital of the entire world to come into his country. So thorough, ly did he perform his part of the bargain that foreign investment came in increasing volume. Limited concessions were made undo terms exceedingly fair to the Mexican people, and the benefits accru ing from the expenditure in Mexico of millions of dollars were uicl: ly apparent. Where the "exploiters" found a nation with a national income of leas than $20,000,000 a year, they brought to-it an annual revenue in 1906-7 of $115,000,000. Within thirty years Mexico accumulated I surplus of $1(5,000,000. Mexican bonds, which once sold at ten Bent on the dollar, bearingjnterest at ten and twelve per cent, were selling in 1910 at ninety-seven, with interest) at four per cent. Mexico, whicl had paid 1,000 per cent for the use of cash before it was "exploited," could borrow six years ago at I rate of interest lower than some o1 the oldest nations of Europe, There arc no statistics of the feeble commerce of Mexico when Diaz first became president. In 1884-5, however, imports were 088, 000,000 ud exports $46,000,000 In 1908-10, import were 1 96,000, 000 and exports $260,000,000. In 1876, Mexico "had 3,000 miles of Wagon road and 40" miles of railway annual receipts of $3,564,890, In 1910, there were in Mexico l!j,000 miles of railroad and 4,000 miles planned or under construction. The 124 lines carried in thai year sr.;r2.7.'t; passi Dgen and '(."."Wi.MII'l tons of freight, with receipts of more than $61,000,000. Of the $1,900, 000,000 of capital (Mexican money.) more than half came from the United States. The government at the aaate time to ward off the ty ranny of a private railway trust, had purchased stock control of 7, 930 miles of railway, capitalized at $884,000,000, on which capital four per cent interest was paid. In 1881, before "exploitation" had progressed very far. there was one bank in Mexico, an England concern with a capital of $80,000 and assets of $2,000,000. In 1910, there were thirty-two national bank with capital of $17:1,000.000. res. rv funds of $58,000,000 ami assets of $764,000,000. In 1877, the schools numbered 4,71"), with 4,428 teaehem and Ui4. 699 pupils. In 1909, there were 12,.rr!) schools, with 15,000 teachers and professors and 778000 pupils. The funds expended for education and professors and 77.S.OOO pupils. The funds expended for education In 1876 there WM 4,000 miles of telegraph wire in in Mexico: in 1909 200,000 miles, besides the government s wireless and cable aqaip ment. In 1876, Mexican postal facilities handled less than 8,000,000 pieces of mail at a cost of ! $484,000. In 1909. 191,744.916 pice s of mail were handled, with a revenue of $4,316,848. Despite the marvelous mineral wealth of the republic, the gold and silver output in 1876 was only $86,310,815. In 1909, the "exploi tern" had established and were operating 31,968 mining properties, covering a billion acres of land, with an output of $160, 000,100. In 1876 there was no manufacturing in Mexico. In 1910, 146 cot ton mills alone employed 32.229 persons, with a product annually of fabrics worth $43,000,000. Then' were 4-I7 tobacco factories, Cuming out 505,000,000 packages of cigarette, 81,000,000 cigars and 175,000 pounds of pipe tobacco annually. The sugar industry was producing 127,000 tons of sugar in 1910, and there were besides profitable imlus tries employing thousands in the manufacture of jute. silk, woolen goods, paper, iron and steel, shoes. Map, beer, dressed meat and many other commodities. 'The benefit to the Mexicans from the establishment of these in dustries and the development of their country need not be pointed out. During the same period however, the government had spent many millions of dollars, derived from the activties of "exploitation." The filthy cities were changed into beautiful, well paved, wholesome modern cities, with hospital, asylums and schools. Public works, agri ture, mining and colonization were developed with energy. The gov eminent alone spent $61,000,000 for public works, besides $120,000,000 for harbor improvements. It drained the valley of Mexico at an ex pense of $16,000,000. It buill the Tebuantepee railway, from ocean to ocean, with its magnificent modern harbors of Saliua Cruz and Puerta Mexico. It established in its banking system besides banks of issue, mortgage banks ami banks for promotion and encouragement One bank alone to aid agriculture and irrigation was founded with a capital of $10,000,000 and a fund of $50,000,000 guaranteed by gov eminent bonds for the assistance of land development In addition to this, the government set? aside u fund of $25,000,000 for subsidies for irrigation enterprises and long term loans to farmers. Assuredly the Mexico which Diaz turned over to Ids country men when he went into exile was h prosperous and happy Mexico, raised out of an abyss of debt mid bloodshed into a self-respecting and M spec ted nation whose bonds were in demand and whose word was as good as its bond. With the commercial and industrial development of the land inarched sanitation, education and public peace and order Diaz knew bow essential these things were if the Mexico of his dreams was to become a realty. And he I L'AKMIKK. Cants At Eat af Month. knew, too. thnt without the couiin yFSSU,1 WANT A JOB A5,CHA0F FEUfc I WA6 FlREP FROM MVLASTiPDSllTON j l FOR MERELY L0&NG A NUT0Ffv 7T U7 FT VT TUI 1 UA.LUr4Tm TT 1 - w . m . . rm r J in of foreign capital not one of them would have been wssihle. The ret fore be not only invited foreign capital but he protected it and BtM couraged it in every way. Here, in a letter to the editor from an American who has spent his fortune in damininjr rivers, build ing railroads and irrigating arid lands in Mexico, employing t'lou sands of Mexicans at profitable labor, is the only additional comment the it Uatkm appears to require: , "I am sorry to tell you that since 1 saw you last 1 have offered great losses in Mexico. All my plants have been de stroyed, the machinery being broken up wantonly, my orange orchard. OBs, of the best in Mexico, cut down and all improve ments burned, my bouses in are all vacant and looted of doors, sash, windows, roofs and flooring. Not a single1 property of mine has escaped, end T am really ruined. I owe it. all to the Democratic administration, which I earnestly hope will be defeated in the next flection." " J a . m . Ja 4 Ull MM LITTU ! 2 I ! f ! "I I I (From t)ur KuKular Correspondent) MUM Prospects The licpublican ! manaRcrs profess to be extremely opti-l tnlstic regnrduiK die oulco of Ihe Maine election, which takes place on September 11 Both parties have de- terinined to send an army or speakers Into the state. The more notable among the Repnblteaai will be Gov atimi of the country's unpreparednoss Hughes and Col ItoosevelL Among When all the circumstances are re the Democrats will be Senator J. Ham called, however, there Is really no rca Lewatj Secretaries Daniels and Baker son to doubt that Mr. Wilson meant and a number of others. Two Senator precisely what he said. In this con- tone to till the unexpired term of the late Senator Burleigh) u governor and four members of the House will be chosen. The Republicans base their optimism largely on the fact that the combined Republican and Progressive men! note to Germany was "not to be vote In 1912 exceeded Mr. Wilson's taken too seriously" was given the vote by 24,000 votes, and the further Anitmssador by President Wilson's in fact that before the outbreak of the structions. And too, that while Bryan European war Maine industries were was permitted to take the blame which suffering severely from the effects of attached, his public declaration wus the Underwood tariff. Vance MeCae JataTat denied by President Wilson mlck has just returned from a survey I of the Maine political situation. He! Beniocrals JiihllanN-There is jubil- was plainly disturbed by the prospects ation at Democratic National head and after remaining in New York only quarters because Charley Murphy and long enough to change his collar he Tammany have announced that they rushed off to Washing! na with the President. to confer I !of New York. Judge Seabury is a sln- "AchlUes' Heel" Senator Hughes' jgle taxer which, in the opinion of his announcement ia the West thut he 'friend Chas. O'C. Hennesy, will ultl purpose to devote a considerable part mately make him President of the of his attention to the mal-adniinistra-! I'nited States Tammany engineered tlon of the National Bank act, by Comptroller John Skeltou Williams, William O, McAdoo and Woodrow Wil son, is an occasion of considerable anxiety to the Democratic managers John Skeltou Williams is one of the ticket. Charley Murphy does not par vuuerable spots in the Wilson Admin- j ticularly like Seabury, but would In lstration. Had the advice of the wiser finitely prefer him to Gov. Whitman, politicians in Mr. Wilson's rabiuet.'the Republican candidate, and having such for instance as PostmaBter Gen- been given the Senatorial nomination, eral Burleson, Secretary Garrison and there Is uo reason for Murphy and his former Attorney General Macltc) - cohorts to complain because in picking holds, been heeded, Williams would a candidate for governor the conven ing ago have been dismissed. There! tlon did not take an essentially Tarn is a peculiar and mysterious tie which many man. After all, Tammany is a binds together President Wilson, his practical organization which knows son-in-law, Secretary McAdoo. and well how to play the political game Williams, and every banker iu the and to win over Democratic candidates country will await with the utmost interest Mr. Hughes' explanation of the mystery and exposure of Ihe inside and McCombs enjoy Tammany support facta. That Williams has used his is su occasion of rejoicing to the Dem power as Comptroller to persecute the ocratic leaders. " national banka, almost ruining some' of them, is realized by bankers Hughes and Suffrage There have throughout the country, and lu thla eu lany inquiries aa to whether course he has continuously enjoved the 0v Hughes voted for the woman suf- backing of McAdoo and Wilson Bank-, era generally are iudiguant, but are too fearful of the vindictive power of the administration to speak for publl- catiou. "I'ou I'n.iid Te flfSt" The Demo- orats are still trying to explain Praal- j dent Wilson s words, "too proud to light " Senator . Ham. Lewla, he of the pink whiskers, has discovered s Latin 4uraae. "Non dimlcaru est vlu- of the New V'ork Kvening Mail : cere," with which he is trylins to ex plain away Mi- WiUon's slateni. uit Bat tni' trouble is that the Lg tin phrase is Miisceptible of several trai 18 laiioiis Now the snvnutB are at wo rk aeadttef out their respective transl u tions. Certain of Senator i.ewla lo r browed colleagues Insist that the Pre - ideal did not mean "too proud to fight f ulihouKh those were the worrrs li e used, but thut what he really mean 1 was "too proud to get licked," this e :- planalion, doubtless, being based o Q an appreciation of Mr Wilson's realiz - nection it may be recalled that after lii.s resignation. Secretary Bryan ds-l Hared. on a public platform, that Mai assurance, given the Austrian Ambns-I unHnr thar Proal.inm Wiionn'a v..h... n will cordially support Samuel Seabury, the Democratic nominee for Governor the nomination of Watt P. McCombs tor I'nited StateB Senator, so that with its acceptance of Judge Seabury, its Bupport will be unanimous and proba bly enthusiastic for the Democratic even when it has not named tbem. However, the fact that both Seabury frKe amendment In the New York election, last fall A dlgultary of the Supreme Court of the United States assures your correspondent that Jus- dee Hughes did not go home to vote, I and says It la a traditional practice of i When you see au advertisement for Justices of the Supreme Court not to'a plain cook Ha dollars to doughuuts participate fu their state elections ' some man's wife Inserted it. even to the exteut of votlug Only one. Justice Moody, has gone home to The weather vune ia the oulv wind vote within the memory of the preseut members of the court How the Wilson Administration Ha Penalized Patriotism "Haying In view tha possibility of further aggression upon the territory jf tha United States from Maxlco and tha necessity for tha proper protec tion of that frontier," President Wil ton. On June IS. called ont the mobile imu of the National Ouerd Tor rederai arrlca. Ha did not call them out at tbetr xlaUns peace strength, but at war i strengta. wnicn ia prawicaur uui. Lacking; a yet em or reees-ves. me National Guard on anlaatlone immedi ately had to start a campaign of re 1 nltlng. to bring about the desired In craata In their numben. Patriotic young cltliens. under tha urge of tha cry. "Your country needi you." volunteered for aervlce In grati fying numbers. According to Senator Ohamberlaln, chairman of the Senate Sommlttee on Military Affairs, tha re mit It that about 13B.000 dtisae sol tiers have .been mustered Into tha tadaral eervloe and are now on tha Mexican border or In camp In their noma atatet. There may be more, but the administration refuses to make Known the exact figures. Tba movement is coating the public creastfrr many millions of dollars: It ij costfnr tha Individual citizen sol it.... m.Mintnni mnrA. Thev went U .0 the fron? Relieving the cry "Your country needs'J'ou, for war service. Ifhay sacrificed advancement In their UtvU occupation's, fevered home ties. offered. In thousand of Instances, great financial lose Tha lea pa nfatlc, who did not beiHfve the cry, or settevtng, declined to rnAS cnnces fatten at home on these losses. Tlje real purposes of the xall a'TS lowly developing. They are two In q umber : (First, at patrol of the border to do the work which President WllsorffS friend, Oairanza, finds It impossible? to do. Because the recognized govern aaent In Mexico la too Ineffective to keep Its own cltliena In check and prevent them murdering Americans on American soli, the American gov ernment undertakes the coatly tak of doing xthal work for them. The mur der of American citizens on Mexican soil la another matter. Carranza may go as far as U,e likes In that direction. Second, a purpose of the mobiliza tion on the border and In the campa ts to train cltlteus to perform effective military service.' The regular military establishment of the nation Is mani festly too jma'! for the actual military needs To mis sahMM tue cry. "Vuur country needs you." correct But these facts Wars not made clear when the call wa- im-u.-u The Idea was promulgated tliat men wk need ed for actual war service; not for military training. Deceit was prac ticed. Opposing ln the open legislation for universal military service, the admin istration by its acts hum established what la essence la a eywtem of com putoory military eerrice. It la a sys tem aQ the more vlctou because it parataa only against the patriotic. wfaereae a legalized universal training aywtezn equalizes Che burden of mili tary aervloe among all men and all rlaaawi of men. Whan, tn 1914, Europe plunged into n the greatest war of all history, and OTWl14M. ln Mn, rw tvlole'r-hle fateinmt mm realized the foot that It was incumbent on this nation to sxfld up Ka tiny regular army and put Us) other military resources In condi tion for use. National safety demanded this. And yet In December of that ye r, four montha after the European war 'began. Pres-Men Wilson went be fore Congress and declared that all agitation for military preparedness waa hrwterksal; that wa ware ade quately prepared. After a while tha admInlstxon changed its mind and proteased to believe ln the necessity for prepared neaa. First came an enactment to Increase the regular army by 20,000. But the body of the country, and eves all parte of tha Democratic adminis tration, could not change front so quickly as Che head. Recruiting for the regular army lagged. Not yat have tha 20,000 been secured. The need pressed. A new national defense act, providing for still mora mem ln the regular army, was enacted. Bat still the men were not forthcom ing. Suddenly and without warning the administration issued Ha call for mo bilization of the citizen soldiery It seemed stul obsess ed with the Bryan, notion that an army could be created by presidential ukase. When tha call went out Che govern ment did not own enough uniforms, Shoes, sooke, blanket-, hats, wagons, trucks, bona mules and other things essential to equip tha man called; It had mada.no pro v la for transport ing tha troops called to the polata where they were required. Who suffered meet by thla ama s lag lack of foresight, this leaping be fore looking T Only tha 1S6.000 patriots who be lieved that their country needed them for national defense; only the men who art making the great eacrlstcas. The whole disgraceful story may be summed up Is the phrase, the administration has penalized patriot True, K Is accumulating, by sub terfuce, a reserve of trained soldiers. bat events have demonstrated that It ortad "wolf when there wae no -elf. It be forced to ory "woU" whan the wolf at wlN be the reauKT instrument thai doesn't auuoy the neighbors. CLEAR WE SALE NO. 4 AT THE NEW T OMC Tt RE 8ATURD AY, AUGUST 19 New Kail (U ,ods in. at our usual low prices. Hi -fipHClALa - Indies' I'm Organdie Wsmts f0c, wor th H, Ladies' Wl lists, silk, Ion jf and short nU eves $ Ladies' vet y fine Silk aiats $1.25. Ladies' no w fall Coats tfc 'i.9H. Ladies' v-ry fine Mohai r Sport NNaL to close $4 40 worth $111. T ' Children '1 ! Oinirham Dres jes 39e and 6fle, worth double Lawns Tie l()e and 12U.CI cheap at that price Very bej Oabcrdine Skirts t8e. Hoys' W'aists Hie. all siyos. Men's fine Sport Shirts 4c. dies ' White Humps artd Sfraps Mt Ladies' tine fu'slo Hose Tfic. Ladies' H7c Vests 6c. Lndica' ,,ew fall Hats 59c for a starter NEW YORK STORE S. STRAUS, Proprietor. Phone 571, You can 't afford to keep a good car in an unfit place, We can provide safe, clean and convenient storage for a limited number of machines. Right now is the time to see about it so yon will be sure to get a place. Or if yon want a corer for the car we will serve yon best. IF NOT THIS THEN THIS You may not be able to get away to the akes or mountains thisjsummer to enjoy the natural breeze. Your next best way to find comfort is an ELECTRIC FAN. It will keep you cool and comfortable day and night all summer at less, than half a cent an hour. ELECTRIC SHOP f MaysvillB Baa Co., Incorporated do not require breaking-in, are easy and comfortable the first day you wear them. You never have the deaire to "let it out" while wearing. W. B. NUFORM CORSETS. W. B. NUFORM, STYLE 440. (See large illuatratioa). For average full figures. Medium bust. Double hip construction givwe snore than good Value. Smooth fit. Long wearing, t'uutil. embroidery trimmed. $2.00. W. B. NUFORM. STYLE 419 (See mall illustration). Medium low bust; elastic inserts. Splendid wearing Coutili embroidery t rimmed. $1.50. Other W. B. Models. $1.00 up. W. B. BRASSIERES, worn with W B. Corsets give fashionable fag ur-lines and add to gown fit. 50c up. AT YOUR tfjlfSJ S.1.J fM t ha iUuimJ fuM to Ww Bf .. I Hmw Yuck. Clucaae, u f its, Coats, Hkii ts all will I e sold but " Ns.4M. tQQ J 1 711 J ril .r i kk o i rrw a try fx t