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T ill A L I D A V El T U EE;
Equal Laws Equal Rights, and Equal Burden The .Constitution and its Currency.
VOL. V. NO. 20.
KALIDA, PUTNAM COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, JULY 8, 1815.
WHOLE NO. 228,
THE KALIDA VENTURE,
IS PUBLISHED EVIUY TUESDAY MORNING, BY
JAMES MACKENZIE.
Tmvi. Tf naid within six months from the
time of subscribing, $1 00
After six months, and within the year, 2 50
After the expiration of tho year, 3 00
Abtertisino. For 1 square 3 weeks,- 1 00
For each subsequent insertion, u a
Yearly Jidvertuemcnls will De cnargea, ior
one square, or less,
For one column,
8 00
30 00
ft-fc-No unnaid lotters taken from the Post Of
fice, and no paper discontinued until all arrearages
ere paid.
BUSINESS NOTICES.
J. J. ACKERMAN,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
KALIDA, PUTNAM COUNTY, OHIO.
Office on Main street, opposite T.JR. McClure's
Hotel. Kalida, June 20, 1845.
BEN. VlTCALF,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
HAVING opened en office in Kalida, will
give his attention to the ordinary buisncss
of his profession, and particularly to settlement
of olaims, payment oi taxes, ate, iui m-...i-dents.
Jan. 10th, 1845. 30Sif
JAMES G. HALY,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
Napoleon, Henry County, O.
May 23, 184S. 222
RICHARD C. SPEARS,
MUrntuat law, Van Wert, Van Wert county,
Ohio. Feb., '44
JAMES MACKENZIE,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
Kalida, Pulnam County, Ohio.
May 23, 1845. S2
DOCTOR P. L. COLE,
Physician Sf Surgeon,
Kalida, Putnam co., Ohio. Office in tho building
formerly occupied by Mr. Thatcher, as the
American Hotel. April 18, 1845.
D0CTOII SOLOMON M. SHAFFER,
Physician Sf Surgeon,
LATE of Pjnnsylvania, but more recently from
Rochester,Ohio,haslocated himself at Roots
port, Putnam county, Ohio, and tenders to the
pablio his professional services. Feb., '44.
GEORGE SKINNER,
SADDLE . HARNESS MAKER, Kalida,
Putnam county, Ohio. Ordors promptly exe
teod. Saddles, etc., constantly on hand.
KALIDA HOTEL Kalida, Ohio.
THE undersigned, having take the
above establishment, is now pre.
k i . r i . l - 1 : -!
' Hmm pereu to iurnisn uie unvoting vuuiiuuiu
Il8ty with accommodattions not exceeded
f-r? , .1. L-.-i :. .u:. fr.;
SOY Illy UlUUI UUICI HI lllio uvi uuu w "HI"'
Kalida February 30, 1845. 157tf
R1S LEYS' EXCHANGE.
THE subscribers continue at the eld
stand, in the brick building direct-
ly opposite the Court House, in the town
I of Kalida, Putnam county, Ohio. Thoy
respectfully solicit a continuance and IT1-
rease of patronage of the public promising, Ih
return, to spare no pains on their part, in provi-
lag every necessary comiort ior ineir guests.
W. RISLEY,
Kalida, May, 1845. G. L. HIGG1NS,
WESTERN HOTEL, (Gilboa.)
CHRISTIAN HESZ
ifcaJt XXAS purchased the well knowp
tavern stand in Uilboa, rut-
nam oounty, Ohio, lately oceupied
by John E. Creighton, and has fitted
the same up for the accommodation
of the public. Ho hopes, by a strict
attention to the wants and convenience of those
who may favor him with their patronage, to merit
eentinuance oi tjie same. Gilboa, fob., '44.
1845.
100,000 DOLLARS WANTED!
AT gilboa; OHIO.
IB. SMITH has just reccivod and is now
a opening a general assortment of spring and
summer goods, suitable for this market; among
is stock may be louna Cloths, calicoes, eattin
etts, Summer stuffsof every description, Vestings,
Veils, Ticking, Sheetings, Shirtings, Twist, But
tons, Thread. Drillings, Joans, Cotton yarn from
6 to 10 of the best quality, Pantaloon stuns, and
Laces, Sewing Silks and Bed Cords.
Groceries Sugar, Molasses, Tea, Coffee, To-
baeco. Alum, spice, uinger, jNutmogs, repper,
nd Indigo.
Hardware and Cutlery Doorliingings,Locks,
Iron Butts, Shovels and Tongs, Traps, Hammers,
Smoothing Irons, Patent Horseshoes, Shoe
Knives, Gimblets, Knives and Foiks and Brushes.
Hats and Cafb Hats and Caps of all kinds
' slganes and sizes, from a fine Leghorn up to brush
fence, and Ladies1 Bonnets to match Lots of
Palm leaf hats for boys.
Iron, Nails and Glass,
SICKLES, SYTHES, AND SNATHS j
JUfY QUANTITY OF
BOOTS, SHOES AND SOL LEATHER.
Crockert Tea Setts, Plates, Mugs, Pitchers
Bowls, &c. fee.
Mr. Smith has tried the High Pressure System
long enough, and henceforth Goods will be sold
Cheap, and for Cash only;
Bring on your money, end you shall have as many
goods as Vou can carry away. TRY and See!
The PRODUCE of the country will not be re
fused in exchange for goods, and a high market
price paid for Beeswax, Ashes, Feathers, and
Ginseng.
N. B. Old Accounts must be settled.
Gilboa, June 20, 1845. 226x
NOTICE
IS hereby given that the subscriber has been ap
pointed Administrator de bonis non on the
estate of Noble Beverage late of Putnam county
deceased. Dated this 27th day of June, 1845.
227cw MOSES LEE.
IBS)
III III
THE MORAL WARFARE.
BY J. O. W1HTTIER.
When Freedom, on hor natal day,
Within her war-rocked cradle lay,
An iron race around her stood,
Baptised hor infant brow in blood,
And, thro' the storm which round her swept,
Their oonstant word and watching kept.
Then, where quiot herds reposo,
Tho roar of baleful battle rose,
And brethren of a common tonguo
To mortal strife as tigers sprung,
And every gift on freedom's shrine,
Was man for beast, and blood for wino!
Our fathers to their graves have gone)
Thoir strife is past their triumph won :
But sterner trials wait the raco
Which rises in their honored place
A moral warfare with tho crime
And folly of on evil time.
So let it be! In God's own might
We gird us for the coming fight,.
And strong in Him whose cause is ours
In conflict wiih unholy powers,
We grasp tho weapons He has given,
To Light and Truth and love of Heaven!
KALIDA VENTURE.
FRIDAY, JULY 4, 1845.
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATIONS.
As might have liecn expected, there is a great deal of
prajudice exhibiting against Fourier's plnn to make indus
try attactive, and the secure to labor a proper reward.
There is always prejudice where there is ignorance; and as
there Is much misconception prevailing upon the subject
of Auociated Industry, it is not at ah strange that the plan
should bo opposed; nad Hint those who wish it well should
doubt its success. The Editor of the Kalida Venture is one
of those. He wants faith; and without it, he can do noth
ing: with it, he can "remove mountains." We must
caution him, and all others, aguinst expecting too muck
from Fourier's System. We do not, ourselves, believe,
that it will cure " all the ills which flesh is heir to;" but this
we do firmly believe: that it will secure to labor a proper
reward, and enable those who associate under it, to live
cheaper and better than they now do free them f rom that
gnawing anxiety for the future, which is now felt by many;
because a subsistence , under it; will be guarantied to them ;
and free them, too, from tho payment of a dsuble set of
profits, (to tho producer and the retailers,) as Is now paid
hy every man who buys provisions or merclmndivc. The
Associatienists propose to raise their own provisions and to
have a Store of their own, by which means then will get
their goods at wholesale prices. Is there any thing
chimerical or absurd in all this? And if they accomplish
those objects if they can secure to labor a proper reward!
have a subsistence guarantied to them; and live cheaper
and better then they now do will they not have accom
plished great objects? Answer that question, Mr. Venture.
Newark Adoocatt.
We have perused with some attention Mr. Bris
bane's work on Association, which was presented
to us by the author, some years since, and
contains the outlines of Fourier's system, which
as nearly as we recollect it as follows:
Four hundred families are to be collocted in one
vast household, and by means of allowing a choice
of labor, grouping of laborers, exciting emulation,
taking from industry its present monotonus charac
ter through moans of heallhy workshops and invit
ing fields, industry rendered attractive. The
Association to be commenced by means of a cap
ital stock of $300,000, and the united produce of
the labor at the end of the year to be divided.
One fourth, after deducting for expenses, to be
appropriated to pay the interest on the stock in
vested; the remainder to- be apportioned to the
payment of each individual the full amount of his
earnings. Officers to be as numerous as possible
to divide the honor and satisfy a proper ambition
and proper emulation. Children to be educated
on a somewhat novel plan, designed to dcvclope
the differences implanted by nature, and draw
forth the talent of each. The social condition of
women to be raised and improved, religion to be
repected and cultivated, and tho passions of sel
fishness' &c, moderated to their natural harmony
of design. Tho property of each individual to b e
preserved to him and all disputos to be settled by
arbitration. There are many oilier matters which
we do not at this moment recollect, but these are
the leading features. If we have made any im
portant omission, tho Advocate will correct us.
Fourier, a French philosopher, was tho promul
gator of the system. Since his doath in 1837 his
views have found many admirers; papers for tho
dissemination of the plan havo been established
in France, Germany, Italy and Great Britain as
well as in this country, and among several institu
tions of a like character in different parts of the
Union is tho Integral Phalanx of Ohio, which we
noticed, and by so doing called forth the repr oof
of our respoctcd cotemporary br our faithlessness.
The declaration upon which the disciples of
Fourier, here found the necessity of association,
js, that in changing from the government of Eng
land to a Republic of our own, we have gained
nothing more that on improved administrative
system;, and that our social condition, after the
lapse of two genorations shows that the situation
of the industrious many is gradually approx
imating to the degradation of the working classes
in Europe, not felt in that way now, but that as
population presses upon production, our physical
and intellectual condition will in no great degree
differ from theirs. It certainly is true that more
and more is labor becoming in the same contempt
with us as in Monarchical Europe, and wealth
receiving the same worsHp, and that equal an
xiety is manifested to escape from toil.
Such a novel scheme it would bo very easy
to condemn that requires no great stretch of
intellect. Nor does it require much to odor an
unlimited approval. Xvils undoubtedly exist in
our social organization which philosophy is better
calculated to do away than party or political legis
lation, but we are doubtful the philosophy is yet to
be devised. It does seem to us strange why the
comparatively idle have, rom the establishment
of civilization, contrived so to hoodwink the really
industrious, as to gain from them tho first place
in socioty and the greater portion of the produco
of their toil, and yet it is so, and will possibly so
continue to tho end of time. The struggles
between the many and the few are of ancient date
and industry has hitherto sucsumbed to the power
of oppression or fraud. This plan is ono among
the many for a chnnge. Labor, however, we ra
ther think cannot be made attractive, save from
necessity, want and compulsion; nor have we
enough confidence in mankind to believe that
they will leave their own isolated social circlo to
mix on equal terms with their follows, save whore
the towards for their self denial are great; and it
is questionable whether the amount of human hap
piness would bo at all increased by their doing so.
Excitement has been the worship, and money
hitherto the God of this world, and we see no evi
dence of tho doclino of his roign, nor do we hope
that like tho strings of a fine toned instrument the
passions of man oan be mado to play in harmony.
We are faithless when asked to believe that
tho well-spring of happiness that the harmony
which Christ's testnment of love has thus far fail
ed to educe will be found in the now system of
industrial scries. Early Christianity reorganized
the Social system of its day, yet not tho terrors of
persecution, nor the divine influences of the hea
venly spirit chained tho devil of human selfish
ness. And Fourior, great social discoverer as ho
undoubtedly is, has offered no revelation to man
which can be more than a guido to new solutions
of tho riddle of human destiny. He says that man
can be happy in the industrial phalanx, but wo
have little doubt that the proof will show that he
will not be. Knovledgo is gained and reforms
accomplished by gradual accretions; revolutions
aro but steps in the great progress; and no sys
tem ever proposed changing tho whole habits and
usages of man has yet proved adequato to
human desires, or effected permanent or general
improvement. Our evils aro political as well as
social; Fourier acts upon the idea that they
are social only, and proceeds to re-construct tho
whole social system; and in this is his error. If,
however, it is not what its name imports, and
only aims, as the Mcocalc says, to make men
their own farmers and storekeepers, it desorves
but little discussion, and the guaranties spoken
of will prove but a flourish of the pen.
From Neol's Saturday Gazette.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF GEN.
ANDREW JACKSON.
BY T. MAY.Nli HEID.
General Andrew Jackson was born on
the 15th of March, 1767, in Waxhaw sottle
ment of South Carolina, whew his parents
had settled two yeari before, having emigrat
ed from Ireland. A short time after the
birth of Jackson his father Jied, leaving him,
with two brothers, to the care of his mother,
an examplary and excellent woman.
The scantiness of their patrimony allowed
only one of the brothers to be liberally edu
cated, and this was Andrew, who was design
ed by his mother for the church. He was
sent to a nourishing- academy in the neighbour
hood, where lie remained until the breaking
out of the Revolutionary war brought an en
emy into the settlement, and it became ne
cessary for even boys to shoulder the rifle,
and range themselves under tho banners of
their country. ' The intrepid and ardent
youth, encouraged by the patriotic counstl
of his mother, hastened, at the age of four
teen, to enlist in the American service.
His eldest brother had already lost his life
in the bailie of Stone. Shortly after this
Jackson was obliged to retire with his corps
into North Carolina; but again returned to
the Waxhaw settlement, which the British
wore supposed to have vacated. Immedi
ately on their return, this band of patriots
were surprised by a superior .British torce,
and many of them taken prisoners. Jack
son and his brother escaped; but having en
tered a house, next day, for the purpose of
procuring food, they full into the hands ot a
corps of British soldiers. Upon his capture
by these soldiers, Jackson showed that high
and indomitable spirit, for which he has been
so much distinguished. Being ordered by
tho leader of the party to clean the mud oil
his boots, the youth peremptorily refused to
da so, claiming at the same time the treat
ment due to a prisoner of war. The officer,
enraged, aimed a blow at his head with a
sabre, which would have proved fatal, had he
not parried it with his left hand, on which
he received a severe wound. His brother,
at the same time and for a similar offence,
received a gash over the head which after
wards brought him to his grave. Jackson
was now consigned to jail in Camden, where
he continued until after the battle at that
place, when he was exchanged through the
exertions ef his mother. This worthy
woman, worn down by grief and the fatigues
she had undergone, in seeking to alleviate
the sufferings of the American prisoners at
Charleston, expired shortly after in the
neighbourhood of that city. At the period
of her death, young Jackson was Buttering
from sicknes, the consequence of his impris
onment, and the small-pox succeeding, al
most term mated his existence. A fine con
stitution, however, enabled him to survive
this complication of ills, and he soon re
covered, and entered upon tho enjoyment of
his patrimony. This, though small, would
have enabled him to complete his education
on a liberal scale, but peace being again res
tored, and Jackson unused to the manage
ment of pecuniary affairs, and surrounded
by evil example, soon went through his
small inheritance. Instead, however, of sur
rendering himself up to despair, S3 is the
fate of most young men in similar circum
stances, he cut sliort his career of 'dissipa
tion, and repairing to Salisbury, N. C, com
menced the study of law. In the winter of
1783, at the age of twenty, ho received a
license to practise at the bar. Finding,
however, that the town of Salisbury afforded
him but a poor field for his talents, he emi
grated into Tennessee, end in 1788, we find
hire established in tho young and flourishing
settlement of Nashville. Here success at
tended his industry and talents; ha acquired
a lucrative business in tho courts, and was
ere long appointed attorney-general for the
district, in which capacity he continued to
act for several yoars.
Tennessee being at that time exposed to
the hostile incursions of the Indians, every
citizen was, by necessity, a soldier, and in
the skirmishes with these savages, Jackson
soon became distinguished for his courage
and resolution.
Tho progress which he made in the pub
lic estimation soon promoted him to such of
fices as it was in tho power of his fellow
citizens to bestow. In 1700 ho was dele
gated as one of the members of a Conven
tion to frame a constitution fer the slate.
In this body he acquired additional distinc
tion, and in the same year he was elected to
tho General Congress, a member of tho
House of Representatives. In tho follow
ing; year he became a Senator ef tho United
Mates.
This post, however, he resigned in the
year 1799. lie was distinguished during
his career in Congress, not so much for his
oratorical ability, as for the soundness of his
understanding and tho moderation of his de
meanour. During the time ho was acting
as Senator, he was chosen by tho field ofii-
cers ot the Xennessce militia, major-gene
ral ot their division. This was dons without
consultation with him. However he ac
cepted the appointment, which he continued
to hold until 1814, when he took the same
rank in the regular army of tho United
States.
After his resignation as Senator, ho was
appointed one of the Judges of the supreme
Court of Tennessee, which office he ac
cepted with reluctance, and from which he
withdrew as soon as possible, wishing to
spend his life in tranquility upon his farm.
In this retreat, about ton miles above Nash
ville, on the Cumberland river, he spent se
veral years, happy in the indulgence of rural
pleasures, and in the society of an affection
ate wife- and a circle of friends.
The recurrence of a war with Great -Bri-tian,
however, called him forth from his re
treat. As Major-General of his state, he
published an snergetic appeal to the militia
of his division; and calling two thousand
five hundred of them to his standard, with
out delay tendered his and their services to
the General Government. In November,
1812, ho received orders to descend the
Mississippi, for the defence of the lower
country which was then thought to be in dan
ger.
In the middle of winter, in a period of
unusual cold, ho conducted his troops as far
as Natchez, where he encamped, and em
ployed himself for some time in training his
undisciplined soldiers. The danger from
British invasion on the South-west passed
over, and Jackson received orders from the
Secretary of War, immediately to disband
his troops, and to hand over to General
Wilkinson then commanding the South
western division of the regular army all
his munitions of war, military stores, wagons,
&c. In the situation in which the troops of
General Jackson were then placed, this could
not have been done without much suffering
to his army. Many wero sick in his camp,
and most of these militia were sons of res
pectable families in Tennessee. Jackson
had given his promise to them and their pa
rents that he would be jjjjhem as a father.
Should he now disbandOiem five hundred
miles from their homes, and without the
means of returning there, they would either
have to enlist in the regular army, or take
the chances of fate in seme other way. It
was supposed, moreover, that this unwise or
der frem the Secretary of War, was issued
fer the purpose of filling the ranks of Ge
neral Wilkinson's army with good recruits.
Be this as it may, General Jackson thought
proper to disobey the order, retain the mili
tary stores and wagons, and march his army
back to Tennessee, where he gave them an
honourable discharge. On his arrival at
Nashville, he wrote to the President what lie
had done, and the reasons of his action.
His conduct was approved of at Washington,
and the expenses he had incurred were or
dered to be paid.
Jackson was not allowed to remain long
in idleness. The Creek nation of Indians,
excited by the celebrated warrior Tccumseh,
and by British emissaries, had committed
several barbarous outrages on the frontier
settlements of the South-West. A band of
six or seven hundred warriors assaulted Foil
Minims, situated n4he Tensaw settlement,
in the Mississippi Territory, and carrying the
fort, butchered its iminates, men, women and
children, to the number of three hundred
persons. Only seventeen out of the whole
number escaped to tell the dreadful catas
trophe. The news produced the greatest
excitement in Tennessee, and all eyes were
turned upon Jackson.
The legislature of the State immediately
called into service 3,500 troops, and Jack
son became their leader.' In the beginning
of October, 1813, he was on his way to the
scene of action. Our space will not permit
us to follow bim through the intricacies of
his campaign, in which he exhibited unu
sual energy, fortitude, and military skill. It
is not courage alone that makes the general;
yet even if it were, no man possessed this
quality in a greater decree than Andrew
Jackson; but here he had to contend not
only with u formidable enemy, but with raw
and mutinous soldiers, and with the severest
personal hardships. Prolonged and perilous
marchos an almost total want of food in
consequence of the failure of contractors,
long absence from home, rendered his sol
diers almost ungovernablo; yet still did this
resolute man persevere until he accomplish
ed tho object for which his government had
deputed him. His first engagement with
the enemy was at Tallidega, an Indian fort,
on the Coosa river. Here he routed the
savages with tho loss of 299 of their war
riors; 15 killed and eighty wouned was tho
loss upon tho side of the Americans.
After the buttle of Talladega, Jackson, for
want of supplies, was compelled to lead back
his army to the camp which he had estab
lished, about 30 miles distant. Hero he re
mained undergoing every hardship for' wsnt
of provisions, and suppressing mutiny after1
mutiny in his army, by exhibitions of the
most undaunted courage alone. When no
supplios arrived, however, he reluctantly
consented to the return of his troops, re
maining himself with a few faithful adhe
rents, until fresh troops should arrive. In
the month of January, 1814, a small rein
forcement having reached him, he determin
ed to attack the enemy at a place called
Emuckfaw, on tho Tallapoosa river. On ther
22d, he routed the enemy and killed many
of their warriors; but being unable to bring
them to any general engagement, and his
provisions failing, he was forced to com
mence a retreat to Fort Stroiher (his former
encampment.) On crossing a creek called
Euotochopco, he was attacked in the rear by
a large body of savages, and his army thrown
into some confusion j but being rallied by
the bravery of Jackson and several other
officers, the enemy were put to flight and
dispersed, about 30 of their warriors being
lelt dead upon the held.
On his return to the encampment at Fort
Strother, Jackson was shortly after joined by
a fresh army of nearly 3000 men. With
these ho proceeded in the month of March
to Toliopeka or Horse Shoe, a bend in the
Tallapoosa river, where the Indians had cej,-
lected all their strength, determined to make a
last stand. J"'ey had fortified the band with
a breastwork of logs, eight feet high. On
the morning of the 27th, Jackson attacked
the fortification. For several hours the ene
my defended their breastworks; but the
soldiers having scaled their ramparts, they
were at last compelled to yield. Out of
1100 Indians who had been in the bend,
hardly 200 escaped, the rest having fallen
by the rifles of the militia or were taken
prisoners. The loss upon the side of the vic
torious was about 50 killed and 150 wounded
The battle of Tohopeka completely broke
the spirit of the Indians, and they shortly
afterwards sued for peace.
The campaign being now ended, Jackson
issued orders for the disbanding the troops,
which was accordingly done.
The successful issuo of this Indian cam
paign, turned the attention of the general
government to the victorious commander,
and ho was appointed a Major-General in
the U. S. army. He was also appointed
Commissioner to negotiate with the Creeks
a treaty of peace and alliance. During these
transactions, his attention was called to the
protection and encouragement which the
hostilo Indians had received, and were still
continuing to receive from the Spanish Go
vernor of Pensacola. He also dispatched a
commissioner to this functionary, which
commissioner on his return reported that ha
had seen 200 British soldiers with Indian
allies drilling at Pensacola. Jackson urged
on his government the necessity of dis
mantling this fortress. This British force
soon after made an attack on Fort Bowyer,
an American post, and when repulsed, re
treated back to the protection of the Go
vernor of Pensacola. General Coffee hav
ing arrived with 2000 volunteers from Ten
nessc, General Jackson determined to put
an end to the duplicity of the Spanish Go
vernor, on his own responsibility. He ac
cordingly entered the town of Pensacola, re
duced the fort, and the Governor to submis
sion. Having driven out the hostile Creeks,
and sent detatchmunts in pursuit of them, he
prepared to depart for New Orleans, where
an attack was meditated by the British. Ho
reached this place on the 1st of December,
1814, and immediately set about concentra
ting an army for its defence.
There is not, perhaps, on the records of
history an instance in which the defences of
a city has been undertaken under more dis
couraging circumstances. Louisiana was
but ill supplied with arms its motley French
and Spanish population only lately brought
under the United States government, did not
have zoal enough in the cause to fight very hard
for its safety. British emissaries had been
at work among them, and that city was filled
with traitors. Add to this that a large and
well-appointed force 'was expected, and
from that very army who were still exulting
in the victories they had just obtained over
the French. In spite ef all these gloomy
prospects, General Jackson continued to
make his preparations for defence,

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