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The Kalida venture. [volume] (Kalida, Ohio) 1841-1865, July 29, 1845, Image 2

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the discovery of America by Columbus, in
1493. Titles, in law, whether international
or municipal, are joint or several. The own
er must own with others, or alone. We
know no other class of titles. . -
'There exists a joint title, which has re
solved itself into a joint occupancy. This
technical precision in legal language is admi
rable. A title resolving itself into something
else ! Titles do not resolve themselves into
anything but annihilation. If not used, (hey
may lapse, or be barred by limitation, or, in
other words, expire; and this is the only
species of resolution which they my reach
of themselves. Nor does this apply to na
tional title or territory, for nations never die,
and are- not barred of their rights by statutes
of limitation. In the case of discovery, the
title so acquired must be used within a rea
sonable time. But when once used, it is
permanent, and defeasible only by conquest
or cession. Has the American title to Ore
gon resolved itself into anything less than a
title? The country discovered by the Spa
niards was occupied within a reasonable time,
ajjd so was that discovered by Americans;
and the title which the Americans Acquired
by discovery has thus become parmanent by
occupation, atid that which they acquired by
cession, is permanent against every thing but
conauest or cession. Hence tbe American
title, once ssveral, has resolved itself into
neither joint title, nor anything loss lhau
joint title. In despite of any self-resolution,
it still remains a several title. Has it been
resolved into anything else, by any act of
the owner? We have already said that it
"has not. Therefore the British have no
joint title in Oregon, either by self-resolution,
of the American title, or by the act of its
owners. '
But if this English joint title has resolved
itself into a joint occupancy, it has ceased to
be a joint title; and therefore this learned
journal contradicts itself in saying that an
Enelish joint title still exists. Mere occu
pancy or possession may not give any title,
for it may be adverse to the party possessing
the title, or it may be under some stipulation
which expressly excludes title from the party
permitted to occupy. This last is prcc;sely
the species of occupation which we have
granted to the English by treaty; an occupa
tion expressly saving our title.
' While the Tax Bill of last session was
pending in the Senate, a proposition was
adoDted. levvinc a tax on all household furni
ture, gold and silver, jewelry, &c, belonging
to any person or firm, amounting, in the ag
gregate, to four hundred dollars, in uie
House of Representatives, this amendment
to Kelley's Tax Bill, so just in itself, was
stricken out, and another substituted, doclar-
. r i .
ing that tne turnilure 01 every aescripuon
used in a boarding house, tavern or hoti I,
except the kitchen and dining room furni
ture necessary for the family, shall be taken
aod deemed as stock in trade, aad taxed ac
cordingly. Under this amendment, the scanty
furniture of a tavern or boarding house is
Subject to taxation, while that of the banker,
with his silver plate and rich carpets his
costlv sideboards and luxurious sofas his
rich jewelry, &c, though they may amount
to as many thousands as the furniture of the
boaiding house keeper does to tens, yet it is
exempt from taxation. Why this is so what
justice is in it and what excuse can be gi
ven for such partial and unjust legislation
are matters which the federal members of the
Legislature must answer.
CnuRCnES ix Newt York. We gather
from Doggott's City Directory from this
year, that there are 166 churches and places
of public worship in this city of which 33
are Protestant Episcopal, 30 Presbyterian,
24 Methodist Episcopal, 22 Baptist, 10
Roman Catholic, 15 Dutch Reformed, 8
Jewish, 8 African, 5 Congregational, 5 As
sociate Reformed Presbyterian, 1 Universalis!,
4 French, 3 Lutheran, 5 Reformed Presby
terian, 2 Unitarian, 2 Welsh, 1 Methodist
Protestant, 17 miscellaneous. Connected
with the various congregations are 39 moral
and religious societies. There are 75 Daily
and Weekly papers published in the city, and
48 Monthlies and other periodicals. N. Y.
News. ' - "
u More Beauties of the Tariff System.
The Merrimack Manufacturing Company
have nrade an extra dividend of 10 per cent,
out of their surplus profits, besides, reserviug
a sufficient sum to build a new mill, which
will be the largest in Lowell. Exchange
paper. .
... It has been but a few days since we an
nounced that the Merimack Manufacturing
Company had divided 20 percent, upon their
capital stock for the last year, and now we
hear that, during the same year, they divide
10 per cent, additional out of their surplus
profits, reserving sufficient to build a new mill,
which will be the largest in Lowell. The
capital stock of the company is two millions
of dollars, and the amount made on the capi
tal invested for the past year will, we should
think, range between seven hundred thou
sand and a million of dollars. This is quite
a pretty little sum to be poured into the
pockets of a few men, in one year, by means
of n unequal tariff, which unjustly taxes the
whole west so 6s. to enable a few eastern
manufacturers 16 amass princelyfortunes.
vino atawmami--
The " baseless fabric" of Alfred Kel-
ley. -Under the bank law of last winter, not
one cent of Specie is required to 'make the
billholder safe. Well may Follet's Exchange
Bank of this city "sell its gold and silver
daily," for it can have no use for such vulgar
stuff, when the law allows them to issue
three hundred thousand dollars in paper,
without requiring them to keep on hand a
single dollar to redeem it! When pay day
comes, these baseless banks, unlike the
' baseless fabric of a vision," will leave a
wreck behind a wreck to the hopes of all
silly enough, to trust them. Ohio Statesman.
Texas. The welcome which is extondod
to Texas, by the Democracy of the country,
on the ocensiou of her admission to the Union,
is every where of the most ardent kind.
When the intelligences reached BufT.ilo, a
spontaneous meeting of the Democracy of
that city took place at the Uourt House, ii
was one of the largest and most enthusiastic
mootings ever held there. ' The vast assem
blage seemed to be animated by one spirit
of patriotism. The resolutions which oreatbe
the true spirit of Democracy, were received
with acclamation. The meeting was ad
dressed by Messrs. W. L. G. Smith, G. W.
Clinton, and II. W. Rogers, with marked
effort. The importance of the step of an
nexation to our country in either contingency,
ot war or peace, was eloquently portrayed.
Previous to the organization ot the meeting
in the Conrt House, 30 guns were fired in
tin Park. It was snon found that the Court
House was too small for the crowd assembled,
and it adjourned into the Park. FrorrTme
series of resolutions adopted ou the occasion)
we Select the following as a sample ot the
spirit which pervades the whole:
Resolved, That we rejoice in this brilliant
triumph of the cause of humanity, this victory
of honest diplomacy over the intrigues of
Luropeitn powers, and the artifices ot their
servants; that the general result has illus
trated the Texan character as above the reach
of corruption and contemning menaces
Texas has obeyed the voice of honor and the
dictates of that enlarged policy which seeks
the good of the world, and we take her to
our bosom as worthy of our confidence . and
love, and declare that nought shall separate
us, for by our union with her, we are one and
indivisible, now and forever. N. Y. jews,
Drowned. A man by the name of Milton
Cogswell, of Ind pendpnee in his comity, was
drowned, on last 1 uesday night, in Marcel
lus's lock, about four miles south of this
place. It appears that in crossing the ba
lance beam ho made a misstep and Ml into
the lock, and 'before assistance could be
given him life was extinct. Defiance Demo
crat. ;..
O-Just as we predicted in our last, the
onlv democratic lock-tender on the Wanasn
and Erie Canal has been discharged; and
for no other reason under Heaven than be
cause ho is a democrat. This, wo are told,
is not done beciusa the Engineer (who has
the dispensing of these small crums) has
aught against the present lock-tender; out
because, as he says, the leaders of the parly
demand the dismissal of every democrat, no
matter how honest and faithful he may be
Defiance Democrat.
The rumored resignation. J he rumor
of the resignation of Mr. Buchanan, Secre
tary of State, turns out to have been only
idle gossip. The Union, in contradicting it,
"No such report as the above has ever
circulated in this city of rumors, there is
not a shadow of truth in it. Mr. Buchanan
has not res'gned, nor has he talked or thought
of resigning; nor has any member of the ca
binet. The reason assigned, too, tor his restg
nation, is as fabulous as the report itself.
There is no difference of opinion in the cabi
net on the Oregon question. Thero never
was a more harmoninus cabinet, and there is
as little variety of opinion on all the great
questious which come before the present
cabinet, as in any oj its predecessors, vve
are fully warranted in making this statement
in the most authentic and authoritative man
ner. '
Here is a portion of it. The rest is a
round and about. Tho U. S. Treasurer's
" weekly statement" of the amount of pub
lic money on deposile on the dUtn uit., snows
the folio wins:
Merchants' Bank, Bostou, $1,079,129
State, New York, 291,546
Bank of Commerce, IN. Y.- VM,VZ)
Mechanics', N. Y. 280,845
American. N. Y. 214,167
Merchants', N. Y.
Philadelphia Bank
Commerce. Philadelphia,
U. S. Mint, Philedelphia,
Chesapeake, Baltimore,
Bank of Baltimore,
Bank of Washington, D. C.
Metropolis, D. C.
Patriotic, D. C..
Corcoran &. Riggs, D. C.
Bank of Louisiana, N. ().
Bank of Missouri, St. Louis.
The total amonut in deposite with differ
ent institutions and. individuals amounts to
nearly $11,000,000.
Daniel Wehsteh. It is said, says the
N.York True Sun, that Diniel Websler, af
ter having become eligible by citizenship,
will be sent, if posible, by the whigs of this
city, to the State Convention. Mr. Van Bu-
ren will also be a member, and it is probable
the contest for the presidency will be be
tween the friends of those two eminent
False Pkophets. Keep it before the
people, that the Whigs, before the election
declared " that if James K. Polk was elect
ed, the country would bo ruined and the
people made beggars." Notwithstanding all
this, business is unusually flourishing in the
large cities, in fact every where, and the
New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore pi
pers speak of the present season as the
greatest ever witnessed in that respect.-
Query. Is this the ruin the Whigs feared.
Delaware Gas.
Traveling in 1845. A citizen of Indi
nnopolis went to England and Wales, staid
there four weeks, and returned home, having
been absent about eleven weeks.
All community of property is the grave of
maiviauai i merry.-uean.
That "An Act creating the State
D ink, and other vanning ;omp:i
iiiesl socomnlcx In its provisions, so
contradictory in Us dilleri'nt pails,
so destructive or our repnMienn in
stitutions, so ruinous to liberty, mid
so void of Justice A equity SHOULD
The Convention. The County Convention
comes oft on the 9th of next month, and we hope
oar Democratic friends will see that it is fully
represented. There are, we lenrn, quite a num
fier of candidates for some of the offices to be
supplied, end We hope all will come prepared in
Lfi p!rit of conciliation to go for the nominees of
llie lOnVeullOn Willi UIO opwn Dim, .unaiuuii.;
which has thus far made us invincible. We, in
Putnam, have nothing to fear, but it becomes us
not to relax that vigilance which is the price of
liberty. And in other counties where our oppo
nents are more equal, the most strenuous eflbrts
are required. Only union, the sacrifice of minor
preferences for the general good, and an honest
zeal for our cause can make us permanently suc
cessful. Those who care nothing about politics
in county matters are apt to be equally loose upon
State nominations. We are in the minority in the
State and require the strictest organization to re
gain the ascendancy.
The Britannia has arrived at Boston bringing
English dates to the 4th inst. Tho passage of
the Mnynooth Bill and the prospect of good crops
is all the news of any importance.
- War with Mexico. The news we publish to
day show that there exists a virtual state of war
betwen Mexico and this country. With almost
any other notion this would ensure actual hostili
ties; with Mexico it is very doubtful whether any
further proceedings will ba had.
(7- It will be observed that the Road Meeting
to be held at Myers' Mill has been put off till the
I6th inst., on account of the County Convention.
The appoiotmcnt of the Convention on the same
day was an oversight. We hope that the friends
of the road will give information of the change.
Independence. Our pleasant f iend Davison, of
the Lima Reporter, very kindly condoles with us
that if we are " not a gono coon, we aro certainly
a doomed democrat," because of what he is pleas
ed to call our " independence" in permitting an
article to appear in our paper, censuring the time
serving of the State Convention held at Columbus
on the 4th instant. We beg leave to assure mm
that this is quite a mistake, there is no independ
ence in the case worth speaking of; the people
here are sound hard money democrats, and we
have only echoed their sentiments. Now just let
a half-and-half democrat come out this way. start
a paper, preach soft money notions, Wenster diplo-
macy, Oregon surrender, &c. and he would really
be independent. Nevertheless, we are inclined to
believe that it would be a profitless speculation.
Probably, however, the Reporter measures our
independence by the Whig standard; and, if so,
we are not at all surprised that he gave us credit
for such an amount beyond our deserts.
For the Kallda Venture.
The RoAns. Mr. Editor.' I am happy to see
by yourpaper, that movement is malting towards
pfloecing an improvement in the roads of our
county. We have heretofore been singularly neg
ligent of our own true interests in this particular
The canal, which is now in operation, will bo of
little use to our county, unless we have roads to
get to it. Now is the time for efficient and united
action. Let all that portion ot the citizens oi tne
Blanchard, Auglaize, and Ottawa valloys inter
ested put their shoulders to the wheel, and each
contribute his mite, and a very passable road can
soon be made from Myers1 Mill to the Canal and
thus secure to the farmers and merchants of the
Country named an accessible market. I hope, Mr.
Editor, that public attention will be called to this
matter, and that great benefit will result to that
large portion of our county interested, from the
proposed meeting.
July 15, 1045.
07 The Lima Argus has opened its eyes after
a short but refreshing sleep, and the Editor begins
to lay round him is if he had awoke from a
nightmare in which he had dreamed that he had
fallen from some dizzy height of expectation.
We hope the Argus may continue awake long
enough to do the cause some service.
The postmaster at Rome Georgia, has been ar
rested on the charge of robbing the mail. His
depredations have been very extensive, consider
ing tho short time he has been in office. He was
appointed by the new Administration. Whig Pa
per. We see this statement contradicted in the
Southern papers, which state that he received his
official appointment prior to the 4th of March
1845. It was a result of the election of " Tipe
canoe and Tyler too."
Aiwv Movements. The N. O. Picayuue
of the 11th inst. siys: Ten companies of
the dti U. S. lnfunfry, 500 men in all, arrived
yesterday from Red River on board the
steamboats De Soto and Cole Joyeuse.
They ore under the command of Col. Hitch
cock, and the barracks being already full bf
troops we understand quarters havp been
taken for them at the Lower Cotton Press.
In a short time they will all be on their way
to Texas. Gen. Taylor has not yet arrived
here, but will probably bo down in tho course
of a week.
Fahmer's and Mechanic's Bank. The
bills of this Michigan ragmUl9.ro ajjain afloat
at par. Wo understand that the institution
has been recusitated by adding $150,000 to
its capital slock.
(r Goethe said of Byron thtt he was inspired
by the genius of pain, -
This system, thanks to Whig folly, has been in
practice since 1840. OoT opponents, careless of
their inability to supply their favorite scheme for
safe keeping and disbursement of the public rev
enue, and not quite calmed from tho feverish con
test, legislated as they had electioneered, blindly
for party, and forgot their country, repealed the
Independent Treasury Law, and left to that man,
John Tyler, (the most corrupt of politicians, if we
aro to behove Whig denunciations,) the direction
and deposit of more thaij ONE HUNDRED MIL.
LIONS OF DOLLARS ! The present Democratic
Administration is burdened with this pernicious
system, for which it is not to blame; but if it re
mains in existence after the next session of Con
gress, and the Democracy conscientiously do not
their utmost to effect a change, they will then
become justly censurable. But on this point our
party is pledged. We have nothing to fear ; a a
party we have ever been willing to make pledges
to the people, and equally prompt to redeem them
when made. And it is an unquestionable fact
that the restoration of the Independent Treasury
was an issue presented to the people of the Union,
and decided in the affirmative by the election of
Mr. Polk to the situation of Chief Magistrate.
The Convention, held at Baltimore, which nomin
ated him for this distinguished station, in the res.
elutions declaratory of the principles of the party.
have the following:
"That the sejmration of the moneys of the
government from banking institutions is in
dispensable for the safely of the funds of
the government ana the rights of the people.
Upon this bold and distinct issue the decision
was made. No intelligent man gave his vote in
the contest of last year, no matter what might be
his ruling motive, but knew that the success or
defeat of the Independent Treasury was affected
by it; and, therefore, the Representatives of the
people have now no other duty to perform than to
carry out the will of their constituents by scpa
rating and purging tiie government from connec
tion with Banks and dependence on them in sea
sons of difficulty. During the last war halfof the
cost of its maintenance was paid to bonks, for
which not one cent of benefit was received
In peace or in war, in prosperity or difficulty,
bank corruptions cannot be enumerated, their
pollutions penetrate, like poison, every vein and
artery of society, benumbing all healthy action,
and slowly maturing tho elements of decay; for
if ever America falls from liberty into despotism,
banks and banking will bo found to have sapped
the honesty and undermined the manly virtues.
which yet, thank God! mark the character of
the mass of our people. Banks first purchased
the foe simple of the souls of venal conductors of
the press; they were the first to buy Congress
men and statesmen like cattle in the market, and
with these traitor-mercenaries openly engage in
a contest against popular power, defy the laws,
and endeavor to substitute the rule of mammon
for the government of liberty. That they have
done so is matter of history, and is a warning
against their having any further opportunity to
use the people's money to seduce the public scr
Our people have not forgotten how tho deposit
banks failed in the revulsion of 1837-8, involving
the government in the consequences of commcr
ciul disaster. Their liability to be influenced by
foreign convulsions, and the facilities which they
afford for draining the specie from the country
by foreign capitalists, mixing our interests up
with the schemes of European cupidity, prove
their unworthincss to'remain the fiscal agents of
a Democratic Republican Government.
We muko the following extract from the money
article of the New York Herald, a Whig paper,
and not likely to represent bankers disadvantag
eous. The power now lodged in tho hands of
the Secretary of the Treasury is dangerous in
the possession of any man bo he ever so pure,
it ought not to exist a moment longer than till a
better system can be substituted; and the nearer
any system brings the revenue under popular con
trol, the more firmly will it be adhered to by tbe
After stating that the Secretary wiil soon com
plete his arrangements for tho safe kee ping of the
Public Moneys, and will choose " more itte de
positories," (the Bank of Woosler?) the article
"Reforms in the Government deposit sys
tem have been called for, and will even at
this late day be attended with many advan
tages. , Fortunately the Government has not
lost anything recently by the explosion of
any 6f the depositories, as the times have
been prosperous, and the local banks have
not been subject to any derangement in com
mercial affairs, Had there been any revul
sion in money matters, and the banks been
serious sufferers by the insolvency of their
debtors, we should not have such a favorable
report to make, and the government would
not only have been heavy sufferers, but its
opponents would have made politic. il capital
out of the errors of tho administration, in
not providing for the security ,of the public
rnoney. 1 lie secretary is now anticipating
lie approach ot a revolution in mercantile
matters, and intends plucing the Govern
metit. deposits in places, upon turms, cwt-
ring at all times and under all circumstan
ces, their safely and prompt disbursement?
bo long as times are good, and commercial
affairs remain in a prosperous condition, the
banks may continue sound and solvent, and
tho Government deposits comparatively safe,
hut the first unfavorable change in the times,
the first black cloud that appears in l ho com
mercial horizon, endangers their safety, and
creates fears and forebodings in the minds
of those responsible to the peoplo for the
preservation ot the public moneys. I he
inmense speculalions, extended credits, and
the general bankruptcy of tho commercial
classes in 1837, woro the causes of tho de
falcations of Government deposit banks at
that time, and the same causes would load
lo the same resulis-ns'-iin. The Secretary'
of the Treasury has no doubt before hjm all
the facts and circumstances of the last com
mercial revulsion,' and the position of the
Government, growing out of tho bad policy
pursued by tho admiuistration of tint peri
od, and intends placing the deposits beyond
any of the dangers then experienced, or the
losses realized. We learn that no distinc
tion will be made between individuals and
corporate institutions in the selection of de
positories; that where it may bo necessary
to employ private bankers as depositories,
it will be done upon the necessary security
being deposited with the Secretary, and it is
possible that the number of private deposit
ories may bo increased to the exclusion of
public institutions. The deposits in the
hands of private bankers would be more
equally distributed among the commercial
classes, and the public would not feel any
inconvenience in the accumulation of a sur
plus roveinie, as it would under the judicious
management that invariably characterizes" in
dividual enterprise, be returned again to the
channels of trade from whence it came, and
be employed in business the same as though it
h id never been withdrawn ; while on the other
hand, the Government deposits in the banks
are monopolized principally by a few of the
directors, and are employed directly or in
directly by them in stock speculations, or
some oilier speculation of the day, keeping
vast amounts out of the regular channels of
business, creating an unnatural, fictitious
s'.ato of things, and checking the legilirnato
operations of trade. When not employed
by these directors' in stock and other specu
lations, they -are used by them in what
ever branch of business they are engaged
in; and the surplus revenue of the Govern
ment, which is drawn from the resources of
a thousand merchants, is monopolized by a
small band of bank directors, for their indi
vidual aggrandisement. The-Secretary of the
Treasury must be aware of these things,
from tho efforts made by the banks of this
and other cities to secure as large a portion
of the deposits as possible, and the jealousy
that exists between these institutions upon
this point, and we trust his knowledge of
these facts will influence him in his selec
tion of depositories in the principal cities iu
the Union."
Warlike Names. The Charleston Mercury
censures the bad taste of using the terms of the
bnitlc-field for the contest of the ballot-box. It
Among the men of former times, hunting
was termed the image of war" especially
tho pursuit of wild bears, lions and other
ferocious beasts. It had some claim to the
distinction. It combined violent exercise,
personal peril, the submission to privation
and tho distinctions, of success, skill and
courage. In our day there is enough said
about " campaigns," "battles," "victories,"
'defeats," "glory," and all that, to make a
stranger think we were engaged incessantly
in the business of knocking each other's
brains out that a bloody and desolating ci
vil war was waged from year's end to year's
end. What sort of fight and what sort of
victory it is, we need not explain. But tho
dialect is perfectly devilish, and its use is,
we are persuaded, of most demoralizing con
sequence. Thoso of the opposite party we
call the " enemy;" whcu we put them out
of oflice, we call them the " vanquished"
and contrary to the laws of modern war, we
proceed to treat them as criminals. Dis
missing them from office is known by the
terms, "slaughtering," " gullotining," "cut
ting off heads," and similar bloody-minded
We believe it is the French philosopher, M.
Cousin, who says that all the wars which have
hitherto decimated mankind have been to secure
tho conquest of some truth over some error; and
the political and moral warfare in which we aro
engaged is most undoubtedly the conflict of truth
against false opinions. Perhaps, if the Mercury
had taken another view of the subject it might
have concluded that the familiar use of thesa
terms is but an evidence of the decline of the
martial spirit, the consequence of increasing in
telligence. It certainly is no indication of violent
feeling; it merely shews that if swords have not
been beaten into ploughshares, the military nom
enclature has undergone a metamorphosis fully
as strange. Battles are now become elections;
ballots, " those paper pellets of the brain" supply
the place of sword, catridgc, and grape; the en
signs of party warfare is, on the one side a "roos
ter" rampant, on the other a 'coon pendant. Al
ready our presidential candidates are described
as "chiefs;" next we expect speeches will be
called " bulletins;" and great leaders such as Cal
houn and Webster, " monster guns;" Cabinet
officers and Congressmen, he styled " heavy ord
nance;" shifting poliiicians the " flying artillery"
and custom house officers, marshals, district at
tornies, postmasters, Ate. Ate. " the riflemen;"
while the higher grade of State officers might be
named the " heavy cavalry," and the lesser dig
nitaries the " light dragoons." Party hacks
should justly be called "cappers and miners,"
and the people at large the " infantry," as they
bear the shock of battle. There is a class we are
at a loss to designate, and yet are too important to
be omitted we mean editors the "forlorn hope"
would most truly describe their duty in our cam
paigns: a front place in the conflict, plenty of
knocks, wounds and bruises, but none of tho
spoils of victory." J
In truth these martial words do not call up in
the minds of the people the images of blood and
massacre which is their true interpretation ; their
use is innocent if the taste is questionable.
Tlia n-inlr of tho Mntrnnntia n Wool
ton City, has declared a dividend of 3 per
cent, out of the surplus profits for the last
six months, which will be paid to the stock
holders on uud afier the 3d of July.---N. Y,
tribune. -
The B ink of the Metropolis has Govern
ment funds on deposit to the amount of
$540,469, and this it has had for full six .
months without compensation for the use of
it. No wonder banks can share "surplus
prOfitS." , - '
FiitE at Rochester. A fire broke out
in Rochester, N. Y.,on the 13th instant, which ,
destroyed from twenty to twenty five stores, $
shops, and dwellings, before U was got under., ;
Estimated loss $du,uuu , , -i-

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