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.THE I A L I D A VENTURE.
Equal Laws Equal Rights, and Equal Burdens-'The Constitution and its Currency. VOL. V. NO. 28. NATURE'S NOBLEMAN. BY M. F. TUPPER. Away with false faahion, to calm and so chill, Whnre nlimnnrl itsalf cannot please. A way with cold breeding that faithlessly still, Affects to be quite at its ease For the deepest in feeling is highest in rank, The freest is first in the band, . And nature's own nobleman, friendly & frank, The man with his heart in his hand, Fearless in honesty, gentle yet just. He warmly can love and can hate, Nor will he bow down wiih his face in the dust For beet in good breeding, &, highest in rank, M neugn iowiy um p" . . Is nature's own nobleman, friendly & .rank, The man with his heart in his hand, His fashion is passion, his heart is intenae, His impulses simple and true, Temper'd by judgment, taught by goou sense, And cordial with me and with you: For tht finest in manners, as highest in rank, It is you, man! or you, man! who stand Nature's own nobleman, friendly and trank, A man with his heart in his hand! From the National Pilot. fWlLL SALTPETRE EXPLODE? Since the great fire in New York, and tho disastrous explosion which took place there, the papers of that and oilier cities have been much devoled to queries, suggestions and theories respecting the qualities and nature of saltpetre, aud whether, under any cir cumstances, and if any, what, that substance can be made to explode. All this, of course, had its origin in the fact that the slore which was blown up was known to contain a large quantity of saltpetre, and was not known to certain any gunpowder. We have watched the discursions, and waded through the ponderous columns of matter upon this subject, with no small de gree of interest; and this we have done from a conviction of the high importance of the question to the public; since it is manifest to all that, if this substance can be made ex plosive under circumstances such as ordi narily pertain to fires, it should promptly be put "under such proscription as shall save towns and cities from its direful eftects. The analysis of this substance dons not produce explosive substances, say tho che mists; and this fact, with the other one, namely, that it has sometimes bumed.m large quantities, without explosion, while at others it has burned, as has been believed, with ex plosions of the most violent kind, has served to involve the whole question in the most positive state of uncertainty. From tins state, we have seen nothing which appears to so nearly extricate the whole subject from difficulty, as the statement of Mr. A. A Hayes, chemist, of Iloxbnry, Mass. Ilia e'atemcnt we find in the Boston papers; and supposing it a reliable on, based upon ex periment, and not theory, it may guide us to h cW.rr-d solution of this much vexed question. Mr. Hayes says : "Saltpetre, or tho nitrate of potash, or soda, alone, docs not burn, or explode by , heat, however intense. It parts with one ot i its constituents, oxygen, by heat, and it is to the combination of its oxygen with other bodies, that it owns its power of burning with them. Wood and fibrous substances do not burn with saltpetre, until they have become partially charred they then produce deflagration, or burn with sparks. A large quantity of saltpetre, enclosed in gunny bags, as it is usually stored, after fire was communicated to it, would burn with tho bags, emitting much smoke and sparks, precisely as paper, which has mbi bed saltpetre, would. It would not be con sumed; only the small quantity rcqu.red to burn with the bags, would be changed. I an addition of burning wood or charcoal were made, to the extent of one fifth the weight of tht saltpetre, an intense and con tinued deflagration would result, and all the saltpetre would be changed. No explosion L rnoM APPLYING FIRE TO MIX TURES OF CHARCOAL OR WOOD AND SALTPETRE; the rapid combustion cauou uw.s...., would be produced, but unlike explosion, n l .;nl fnr tho mutual ac- time wouiu ud . . tions, and where the quantities were large, many hours would be necessary, before they would cease. The recent destruction of life and property ot Iew lor; u - homeward-bound Indiaman and her cargo bv a similar cause, has created an anxiety which has led to many inquiries, respecting the origin of tho explosions, attending he SS of the saltpetre. J, -t remin. you of a case, wmw. wharf, about ten years since, when the Ha.t ford Packet was destroyed. The testimony lord racial w .,. wi mfi to make obtained in the - r d rdroSC: a"burning mixture of oy. opi 0, . i it was ascertained :E.;f water, relatively S the saltpetre, caused exp.ons; which might be made successive, so long as Sale remained. The quantities of the Sstancesacting.being increased to between one and two hundred pounds, the addition of water, in the form of spray, caused an ex ot water, i i h veggel and PSrnuT&uildin"syin the vicinity. The shook al the bu.ifl ml temperature of a burn.n jg gu , and charcoal. : the pom nd ,he penor to that o w f ,, me on the mass, is m- j , steam, having the e ast c irSy6 ThrKt particles, dis tructive eueifcjf con. KALIDA, PUTNAM "In cases whore water falls on highly heated polished surface, such as melted glass, copper or silver, steam is .formed rapidly, but silently; the water does not touch the hot surfice. The spreading of a film, or crust over the polished surfice, instantly alters its relation to water, and causes steam to form with explosive violence, attendod by a loud report. I do not hesitate in expressing my belief, that the disastrous effects produced in New York, were caused by water or other fluids falling on saltpetre, while burning with the bags investing it. The facts which I have stated, may have interest or importance, in connection with attempts made to extin guish fire in buildings, containing saltpetre. The danger of throwing water on the fire is manifest, while the loss to the owner of the saltpetre would doubtless be greator from water than from fire." Finding Con. Wo are accustomed to think of God as above us. So he is. " The heavens is his throne and the earth is his footstool." God is also beneath, as well as abovo and around us. Men are apt to seek him by looking above, trying to rise to his throne and find Hi in there. But these sinners never find Him. To us the throne is unapproachable. " The throne of grace," where we can find God, is beneath. We find it not by rising but by sinking. In the depths of humiliation, where the soul lies dissolved in penitence, emptied of pride, lust selfishness and self-will, where its otlly cry is mercy, its only hope grace, nnd its only hold the faith of the Son of God; there we find God. There God reveals himself ti the " humble and contrite in spirit," aud takes his abode with them. All that seek God there, find' Him. To them " His nam J is a strong tower." They " lice into it and are safe." Lonq Speeches. " It is really more ques tionable, than may at first be thought, whe ther Bonaparte's dumb legislature, which said nothing butdid much, may not be p:efera ble to one which talks much, and docs nuili ing. I served with general Washington in the legislature of Virginia, befere the revolu tion, and, during- it, with Dr. Franklin in Congress. I never heard cither of them speak ten minutes at a time, nor to any but the main point, which was to decide the question. They laid their shoulders to the great points, knowing that the lcssur ones would follow of themselves. If the present congress errs in too nvich talking, how can it be otherwise, in a body to which the peo ple send one hundred and fifty lawyers, whose trade it is, to question every thing, yield nothing, and talk by the hour? That one hundred and fifty lawyers should do business together, ought not to be expected." JeJJerson. An Indefeasible Title. During a re cent debate in tlie British Parliament on the New Zealand question, Lord Howie said that a witness examined before the committee stated, incidentally, that he knew a chief in New Zealand who maintained that he had a great title to his land, inasmuch as he had eaten the former owner. An august, pipei thinks "this to European ears may seem rather a barbarous title, but we do not know that it is, in reality one whit more so than that by which tho descendants of tho Norman thieves and freebooters, who came over with the conqueror, hold their lands at the pre sent day. They pillaged, tortured, and op pressed our Saxon ancestors, sparing neither man in their anger, nor woman in their lust; and we have no doubt whatever that, had it been thought necessary for the security of their title to eat their victims, as well as to plunder and massacre them, the ' Norman chivalry' would never had made a wry mouth about tho matter. The Prices of LAnon in England in 1350. A harvest laborer had to work one week to enable him to buy four bushels of wheat. In 1784, he was obliged to worn twplvfi davs. and in 1844. twentv-six days One month's labor, buys as much nnd no more wheat than one week's labor did hve hundred voars afro! Four dav's labor will hardly buy in 1844, a pair of shoes that could hnvft been bou'frht with one day's labor in 1344 ! In meat, cloth, &c, the disproportion is the same ! For God's sake, let Lngland have all the credit on the score of humanity fnr Imr Anti-Slaveiv movements: for it seems that it is the only claim she can ever put in on such a score ! We saw a case of honesty, yesterday, sur passing that of the Brooklyn omnibus driver, who restored the lady her lost purse. A poor hov in Grand street was crying over a five cent piece he had just lost, and which a car man had pickedjip. Hearing tne ooy cry, the carman asked him what was the matter, "I'vfilost mv money boo-oo-hoo!" blub bered the boy. " What was it a five pence?" innuired the honest man. "Ye-hes, sir," said the boy. " There, then," said the man, h;i a olowof real pleasure lit up his broad brown face, as he put the coin into the urchin's hand, " there's your money, don't cry.?' The hoy took the money, put his finger to his nose in pnffiR mill, and exclaimed as he hopped away "Well tint you a little er the gree nest! I sr en yon P'C UP tb4 ere sniner. N. Y. Tribune. t. l tin two is a country dis 11 19 ....... " - -a nnrlisa nrft sensible fellows, and old maids abjure pet cats and lap-dogs. COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, I.VOENUITY DISPLAYED IN 1 RIFLES. In tllC sixteenth century, an Italian Monk, named Peter Almanus, comprised the nets of the Apnsllcs nnd the gospel of St. John, within the circumference of a farthing. An artist, endowed with equal patience, presented Queen Elizabeth with a bit of pa per, of the size of a finger nail, on which was written the ten commandments, the creed and the Lord's Prayer, together with her majesty's name, and the date of the year; all the letters of it were easily distinguished by means of a pair of spectacles, which this artist had himsi If construclcd. The Illiad of Homer, too, is to be seen written upon vellum, and in so small a com pass, that a nut shell contains it. Jerome Faba, an Italian priest, and a na tive of Calabria, exercised himself in anoth er species of industry, equally wonderful from its difficulty. He finished a work of, boxwood, which represented all tho myster ies of the passion, and might bo put into the shell of a walnut. To him likewise is attri buted a coach of tho size of a grain of wheat, within which' were to be seen a man and a woman, a coachman who drpvo it, and horses which drew it. These performances were presented to Francis first, and to Charles filth. Another artist constructed an ivory char iot, which a fly covered with its wings, and a ship also of ivory, with its rigging complete. Paul Colomies tell ns somewhere that he saw a goldsmith at Moulins, who had chain ed a living flea to a gold chain, which con tained fifty links and did not weigh three grains. Madam de Sevignc likewise mentions in one of her letters, that there was a man in Paris, who as a master piece, had construct ed a chariot, which was drawn by fbas. The Dauphin, on this occasion, asked the Prince ofConti, his cousin, who it was tfiat made the harness, and was told by him, with a smile, that it certainly must have been some spider in tho neighborhood. Matrimony is absolutely necessary, for without a regular system of Marriage, the civil government could not be supported; i is also necessary to lay a restraint upon on passions, to sweeten tho charms ot society, bv the dear coiiiugalilies. lliere are nve things indispensably necessary to ni ike the married pair happy, circumstances above want, mutual good humour, sincerity, a proper allowance for human irailties, and a hrm confidence in each other. Without these, no married pair can be happy, and whore these subsist, the persons are rarely other wise. One great misfbrture among married people is they generally expect more from one another than nature will allow, or reason Authorize: each seeing the errors or detects of the other, not their own; whence natural bickerings, jealousies, or distaste arisu. When the united constantly seek to please, and m ike each other happy, when their mu tual endearments are tounueu on vuiuc, tenderness, and esteem, when they gene rouslv allow for each other's errors, of judg ments and defects of nature, they certainly constitute the happpiest state human nature is capable of; 'tis the vsciousness ana tony of choice, and impiudence of our behavior that make the married state unhappy, and not any thing in the state itself. Miiriinony to the libertine, is like a bad novel; but to the sensible, virtuous man, a hoard of richest sweets; for he remembers when he makes his choice that person il charms is the leas :mr1 liolitpnt consideration: he considers if be marries a beau'v. without wisdom, and with out principle, that his house, when the chains of a now plaything is dissolved, will becoms a ulnnmv orison to him. On the other hand, the considers, if he marries a woman of sense and principle, she will every day be improv ing in his esteem ana increase ins iiupinuusa when business calls him abroad, with how much confidence aud ease can he entrust his family, and all its concerns, with such a lovely woman. When pining sickness confines him in tlm bed of ausuish. how cheering to have such a faithful, virtuous mate, administering the necessary cordial, while her tenderness is still greater. What I have transcribed on this subject is not visionary 'lis what I have already experienced Newspapers of 1789. His own Sphere is the only path, in which one can walk with pleasure and freedom. He who has accustomed himself to seek his gratifications from the indulgence of appetite and senso, will bq as restless and miserable among refined intellects as a lobster in fresh water. Let every one then train himself to refined enjoyments, if he would associate with men of intelligence. We are not quite ready to admit that all that is comes from God, or is for the best. To us it appears that there is rather more evil extant than is necessary, or useful. Slavery and stealing, poverty and misery, are not essential to the well-being of either man or the universe. It is time for us to under stand that the ten thousand afilications, phy sical and spiritual, which we suffjr, come, not from the chastening hand of Providence, but from the disorder withiti as and around no" . Jacob Hoffman bead this. Jacob T. Hoffman who. settled, in Ohio about ten years ago, will learn something to his advan- tao-e by addressing his brother Jotin uon man, Pavillion, Genesee County, N. Y., or A. P. Haskell, Leroy, Genese County, N. Y. SEPTEMBER 2, 1815. Political economy and Statistics. A curious work has recently been published, at Paris, by Hens. lc Chevalier F. de Tapies, entitled "France and England: or the physi cal and moral Statistics of France Compared with those of England, upon all analogous noinls." We find a review of tho work in our Paris files, which furnishes us with the following, among other interesting tacts: "The soil of England and Scotland is en tirely owned by about thirly-scoen thousand proprietors. 'In France, the cultivated lands, alone, are owned by four millions of proprietors; and the whole reality of France, including ands both tilled and untitled, buildings, iSoc, has within a fraction of eleven millions of pro prietors." The Causes of these respective conditions . i . r 11 . I may be worm looking at. inrrnncc, me Revolution broke up the great landed csta- es of tho " privileged classes," and sold out these lands in small firms, by which the soil of France was placed in the hand3 of her people; while, by abrogating all hereditary nobility, and the laws of entail, and obliging an equal distribution of properly, among the ildren of each lamily, a return to the lor- mor stale ot monopoly anu oppression nas been signally prevented. In, England, on the contrary, the toudal system has been virtually retained, and its operation has been, and siill is, to exclude the mass ot the people, ot every class, irom any participation in the fee of their native soil. National Pilot. From the Morning News. PPJCES AND DUTIES. Whenever our contemporary of the Tribune is driven in a corner by the argument of its opponent, and as "11.11" asked ot ancieni Jack, the public iiuiuire. "what quip will avail thee now?" it throws out an appeal like the following: " The Pout has several times paraded its tables of enormous duties imposed on cer tain manufactures by our Tariff, yet never once responded to our civil request that it would slate how much dearer generally and severally, those articles now are on which du ties of 15 to 150 per. cent, are now charged than they were in July, W2 , when the duty on them was but 20 iter cent! Why wont the Post consult its Price Currents and aus wer us this question? Now perhaps it nover occurred to our con temporary that Price Curr.;n'scai oe consult ed. If it hid done so itself previously it would have found a result as follows: Du'ie pr.c: Ana. 1842. Vritta Jul, 145 Inr't Oi l iaMe Iron, ton Scotch pl.4 Su.ar, Cu' o. B.lii ..... ....-!." (ill 90 linn 110 00a S3 110 Si! Olli.S.) 00 3'J SOllM 00 10 (10 5 i'm jt D 30n 9 00 3 SJ Salt, bus cl .113 ll. iii;i.ltusi:i rleaii,tou:i8 1P.I 00a Co.'il. N.'W -iislle, Cliul. .) 7 Ull.nS CuiTlc, ISru.il, 1)1 free 7a 800 00a 15 00 50 U O0;iI0 00 5 00 8 8Ja 7 Here ia a largo increase in price on every article except the s;ngle one of coffee, which is free of duty, and that has declined. As fir as tho Price Currents give tho prices of dutiable articles, the same result is manifest. This is the result of tho Tribune's appeal to the tariff; but it will answer ltnmsdiitcly, "all prices have advanced, and they are no cheaper than you could buy them without the tanU." Wo will p:n tins in anticipition, by taking the latest foieigu Price Currents, niid comparing the prices at home and abroad at the same time, as follows: Price in London July it. Pig Iron, ton j5. o $-25 50 " Dar, " 7.10 35 82 Price in JV. Duttl York g9 j0 $35 00 25 00 70 00 TlempRnwa clo'n29 0 139 20 40 00 200 0:) Sliirfsrs3G in pi'co 8GJ Su'r.H. B. arobarU 8 5 00 lOOvdg. 6 U 09 5 00 IOOuh. I 50 9 00 The sugar price was tint of H tvana 12th inst. being 8 reals per aroba, or equal to $5 25 per lOllbs, on board. The other prices are from Baring's Circular of July 3d, except the Shirting, which is from a Manchester Circular being 8s. 7id. for a piece of 37 yards. The result is that one ton each, Pig and Bar Iron, one ton Hemp, 100 yards Shirt ing and 100 lbs. Sugar could, at tin latest dates, be bought abroad for $210 40; aud the lowest for which the same articles can now be bought in New-York is $32(3 m ad vance of $115 51, or 00 per cent. Tin's is tho " Protection" enjoyed by the producers of those articles here, and as the Post justly asks, " Protection against whom? Against what?" Why, against the inalienable right of the consumers of those articles to buy where they can do so to the best advantage. There is no quibbling about terms or dates in this, matter. The prices in New-York have advanced under tho duty to tho extent of that duty, and are now higher in New-York than in foreign countries, by the amount of those duties with the expenses ot transport added, and the prices alwiya rise here pre cisely as they advance abroad, keeping al ways higher by the amount of the duties. Our contemporary will find the stern facts laid down in price currents, a most potent enemy to wire-drawn superficial theories. The Branch Mint. Orders have been sent to the Custom House -nnd to the Post office, in New Orleans, to send all the for eign coins received by them to the branch Mint, to be recoined into American pieces the gold into half and quarter eagles, and the silver into quarteV dollars whenever it mav be done without luss. The importation of specie at that point chiefly consists of Mexican dollars, on which, when recoined, there is a light cam, especially on the cetu ao-o of Durango. The mint of Zacatecas uses more alloy, and is not in such good re WHOLE NO. 236. puts. On Spanish hammered dollars, and da German coins of all descriptions, there is a loss1, when broken up and worked over much greater than on English sovereign's and French coins. Taint or dry rot in the Potato. From tho experience I had in the cultiva:ion of the potatoe, I have come to the conclu sion that the taint Or dry rot owes its origin entirely to an injudicious method of planting the seed; and af.er mature consideration I have adopted a system of planting; which I have practised for twenty years' with such success, as never once to have had ah in stance t.f dry rot among my Potatoe crops during that time, although they were growing s.imiimes in direct contiguity to other Po tatoes, which from being planted in a differ ed manner, were laboring under the effects of the disease. It shall now be my endeav or, in as simple and concise a manner as pos sible, to lay this system before my readers, convinced that they will in practice find it a most el'uciud remedy for the disease in question. The chief cause of this diseaSs 1 consider to be the prevalent error in plant ing the Potatoe, of placing the seed in a quantity of dung laid in the middle of the hill. He who knows anything of the quali ties of dung, knows it is of itself incapable of promoting vegetation, or sustaining vege table life, until decomposed and incorporat ed with a portion of earthly soil, and it is not therefore to be wondered at that disease and failures in the Potatoe crops are so pre valent. The wonder is, while such a system of planting is persevered in, any of these crops should succeed at all under such treat ment; and indeed this is only to be account ed for by the small quantity and inferior quality of the dung applied, which is .i i. , i . -.1- . generally iouna mixeu wun great quan tities of half-rotten straw and other ex traneous substances, such as ceal-cinders, &c, and were it net that tho fresh earth 13 laid immediately on the top of the dung after lhe seed is planted, the failure of the crop would be to a much larger extent; of this I hive no doubt, The ground, too, if in a vory impoverished state, may, by speedily digestitig and drying up the dung, prevent to a great extent a total failure of the crop, al hough the seed were plauted thus injudi ciously in the midst of the dung; for it will be observed that iu such ground the rot is uot so destructive as in rich soils. The first aud great point, therefore, in setting the Po tatoe, is to have the manure properly com mingled with the soil before introducing the seed, the plan I adopt in planting,' which ia briefly as follows: In preparing a parcel of ground for the re ception of the Potatoe seed, I proceed to have the manure spread regularly over the' surface, and evenly dug in. I then either drill the ground, after the manner of garden ers iu sowing peas and piant the Potatoes in the drill, or plant them with a dibble, without drilling, about two or three inches' beneath the surtiicc, the dibble being formed with a broad point, so as to insure the Potatoe having no space lef beneath it when dropped into the hole. For largo fields, which cannot well uo dug or piamea in mis manner, i would recommend the ground to be prepar ed and the dung spread exactly as for Oats or Barley. Then have the ground drilled, and in planting place the seed rotatoe in the clean soil, on the back of the half drill formed by the return of the plough, which half drill should be made larger than ordi nary, to bring the seed as near to the centre of the drill as possible, so as to afford it eve ry advantage of the fresh soil to vegetate in; In this way the fructifying earth, in which the seed is embedded, will secure its health ful vegetation, and as it progresses in its growth, and so soon as it throws out roots, it will reap tho full benefit of the manure con laincd in the surrounding soil. It is of the utmost importance to have the seed planted, so as that it may have the earth both below and above it when put in; for in keeping the soed free from the dung I apprehend lies the whole secret, which should be particularly attended to. From a work on this subject, by J. Smith. Individual Liability Repealed. Kel-' loy's Bank law allows the Wooster, Sandusky, Norwalk, and Xenia Banks to bank under that law, and repeals all laws conflicting with it. A motion to retain tho liability of those banks as established by the previous Legis lature, was, on the 10th of February last, ne gatived in the House of Rsrweseutative'sy yeas 29, nays 37, and on the 15th of the same month, a similar motion was negatived in the Senate yeas 13, nays 17. ln: both cases every yea was a Democrat and every nay a Coon. Yet in the face of this these banks are still called liability banJes. When the Legislature coolly and deKboO alely repealed that statute making Bankers liable as individuals as well as "institutions," what was tho sensible conclusion to be drawn? What would the horse-thief inter pret the repaal of all laws which punish that crime to mean? of course to' mean that horse-stealing no longer was punishable, and he might rob as mmy stables as he pleased? The same conclusion must come to the Bank er. If a law-making body takes off the statute book the law which punishes paper-swindling,- is' not the inference direct and single, that thereafter dishonesty of that ' character was invited!. Cin. Enq. Paper Money is the most delusive fiction is produced.