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Equal LawiEqual Rights, and Equal Burdens The Constitution and its Currency. 'i i-. . Vol: v. no. 3i. kalida; PUTNAM COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1815. WHOLE NO. 23D. O. .U'i le f j U AV ) .. . .. -i.. .,........-, i.??" . TT, '. , ' . : t ' LABOR. . ... .. T MR,. MAKl U . OiadOB. franse not to dream of tlie future liefce us: Tims not to weep the wild caret that rome o'er ur ' Hark, bow Creation'! deep, musical ekorue , . . , , Vnintermltting, oes up into Henrenl -, Never the ocean-ware falters in flowing; Never the little eecd Wops In lu growing; More and more rirhljr ti e Roea-heart keeps glawing, ' Till from Its nourishing stem it Is riven, tahor if w-i!ilp!" the reUn ii elniing: -' ,'" Iiabor if worsliipl" tlie wild be I ringing: ... . Xiietepl that eloquent wliiiper upepringing , Bpeaka to tlijr eoul fiom out nature's great heart, 'From the dark cloud flow the Hfc-glving el ower; From the rough tod blowa the eol't breaking flower; From the email ineert, the rich coral I ower; i ' Only man, in the plan, ahrinka from hit part. : Labor to llfel 'Tie the still water fulleth; . Idleness erer detpairath, hewaileth; . . Keep the watch wound, for the dRrk rust aaanileth I Flowers droop and die in the stillness of noon. ' Labor to gloryl the flylug cloud lightene; - Only the waving wing ehangoa and brightena; Idle hearts only the dark future frightens: ' . . Play the eweet ken, would thou keep them in tune I Labor to rest from the sorroivs that greet ue; Rest from all pretty vexations tl at meet us, ' . , ' Xeet from tin promptings that ever entreat ue, . ' Beet from world-eyrena that lure ue to ill. Work and pure slurn'-ers el all wiiit 01 tie pll'aw; . Work thou thalt ride over Ooro'e ronilng l.iltow; - ' Lie not down wearied 'neath Wo'e weeping willow I , Work with a etout heart and resolute will I ' Droop not tiro' shame, sin and anguish are tound tl se I Bravely fling o.T the cold chain that hath bound thee I Look to yoa pure Heaven smiling beyond thee I '. ' Rest not content in thy dnrknew a elod I ' Work for some good, lie it ever so slowly I 'Chserish some flower, he it ever so slowly I . Lihorl All labor is noble and holy: ' " Let thy great deeds he thy prayer to thy God I HOW LOOKS IT ABROAD? 1 In matters of foreign policy, the opinion of foreigners, not blinded by our domestic political hatreds is perhaps the beat test. With that view, in the lamentations of the English journals, the true-wilogium of the democracy and the course of the National Administration, may be found. . The following ie from the London Examiner. - " The die is now cast, and we musi resign ourselves to the annexation of Texas and all its consequences, lo the; extension of a rival and a naval power round the shore of the Mexican Gulf, to the approitim ition Of the ame power to an imrneiue region and coas, on the Pacific, 1 an incalculibld impulse jfiven to slavery and slave-bieeding, as well, as, we believe, slave-trading. VV hist we sjo France, and her prohibitive tariif yearly ad vancing round the Mediterranean, and closing region after region, and pori after port, to our commerce ; so in the .New World, we - find the United States, whoso prohibitive tariif is f our own creation, spread that tariif with its flag -over shores the most open to our uiHience, the most favorable to our trado. If it whs empty honour we lost, or the balance of .power, or any of those superannuated, though to us good, motives, which the ago has obli terated, we should sty nothing; but wo arc -loslag trade, profits, power, shipping and sub stance, wanting alike the skill to keep, or the spirit to defend them." From the London Morning Chronicle. ' '-"Had we, indeed, on first recognizing the independence of Texas, procured a recogni tion of it from Mexico, and poured European : Capital and population into it, we might h ive teared an independent state; but capitalists refused to repair thiiher, the American 1 me emigrated to Texas. In such circumstances to hope, that Texas would not declare itself politically Anglo-American, as it was left to become in population and comtnerc'al con nection, was idle. . How strong the national current ran in that direction, wo see from the . unanimity of the Texan Assemblies. They are all American to a man. Jf tl;cy ever , affected to desire independence, it was to fores Jonathan to grant them fair terms. .This they seem to. have got, though not with out terrifying President Polk, by shaking hands with Cant. Llliott. I he conditions ol the United States were churlis'i; the grudy ing Senate of Washington passed them, tha the Texans might demur,, that fresh negotia tions might tako place, that thus the matter should again come betore Congress, and allow time and L'iropean interterenc, tod feat annexation. President Polk, has, how ever, defeated the purpose of his own Senate, he has out-prom sod ami out-m anouvrod bug land, cajoled the Texan into a vote of an nexation, and acted thereon promptly by the despatch of ships and regiments, to the R o Grande, rolk has shown himseit iu this, a 'worthy son of Jackson; indeed an improve ment upon old H.ckory, since ne nas avoided the violence and bloodshed, which accom panied the Genet al's seizure of the Floridas. The question now is, whether the British Government and the of France, having ftiled, will be content to refrain from all further in terferance. Will they give up their treaties with Texas? Will Englishmen give up their claim upon Texas, as a portion of Mexico lot the $3,O0!),O00 due by Mexico to them? Will these European powers remain strangers to the settlement of a new frontier belweou Mexico and the 30th State of the Union, or will 'attempts be made, by negotiation at Washington, to settle those In conjunction with the Oregon frontier? Mr. McLame is on his way to England, to negotiate the latter affair. The very mission shows a desire on the part of the President, to come to mm. amicable arrangement, and the sooner this is dono the better, for the American zenl Ed territory, having been satisfied in the direction Of Texas, ..will now throw itself. Into the Oregon question with the usual fury of appeals lo popular desires.,' It remiins to. bo seen What attitude will be taken by the American WUs,hy those who stigmatized annexation , ill ;!". v.. j.;;....h.i . :.- - ' t' If Mexico remain quiet, they will have bu weak aririiments to brinir forward, Pie?:denl Polk's success, will add to his prosperity, as well as that ol . the . Democrats; and there aeem little doubt, that those are delcnn'nt d io follow up the victory by reducing the pro tecting tanlt down to a tantt. requisite for revenue alone. ' ' ' ' x We are assured that thu following anccdolr ' authentic: ' Two Irishmen met the other day in a neigh boring village, wlu n the death ol Gen. Jack son was mentioned. -''J ' Do you think,' inquired Barney, 4 th ould harohasgono to hiven?" F.tix, and how should I know, replied Pat, for sure I hav'nt heard whether he got absolution, at ull at all.1 Absolution indeed!1 exclaimed Bimey, what cared he for absolution! ' If he took it into bis head to go to hiven, he would go ihere in spile of all the divels in hell sure.' The Native American pariy, says the Lou isvitte Democrat, is generally composed of young men, having no other merit, and very nal orally included to substitute birth for eve ry thing that is good and great. This is a weakness inherited in youth, and should be looked upon wilh some degree of allowance. Age and experience will teach them that worth m ikes the man, after all, and not the place of his birth that, henceforth, a more liberal spirit is t'pervade the world thai men are to be judged by thoir principles and their conduct, and not be .put down, or set up becausq they first saw the sun iu this or that quarter of tho globe. The day is com ing, if it has not already come, when men shall regard one another, and be considered as brethren of t!;e same fimily. If a man who is bom in Ireland, or Great Britain, w ' Jermaiiy, is, ou that account, not to be con sidered the equal of another, born on th- tini.es of tho Oiiio, or nt the foot of the itocky mountains, then, by the same rule, an ml. vidua! born in Connect cut is a mere Yinkee, and unfit to stand by the side of that wild, though noble specimen of hum ili ty, called a Ivcntuckian; and vice versa, a native of Kentucky must be a Ytlioo and a liirbamn in the laud of steady hahiis. S-irely, th;s vulgar prejudice of contracted muds must be belrn l the age. TiiEOttiNouCoirxTv Mastobov. Almos- the entire skeleton of this hue animal has been exhumed from the peaty soil in Col Jen iiim, six m'les fiom IVi;wliurgh, and is now being set up at the latter place. As ull the bones were in their proper places, the air m il must have remained some thousand years, perhaps, in the position iu which he sank down, which was upon his haunches, with his hind legs extended, and h:s head thrown around upon his side. Tli ; length of the skull is 3 feet 10 inches; distance b:v i ween the eye-sockets 2 feet 1 inch, width of occ'pit 'i feet 7 inches, lenjtli of tusks 9 feet 4 inches, circumference of lusksl ! foet, length of shoulder blade 2 feet 3 inches, width of do. 2 feet 4 incites, length of hu merus 3 feet 1 inch, d'lineter of head of do. i foot, lengili of spinous process of back bone 2 feet, whole diameter of pelvis 3 feet t inches, weight of thigh bone o-i pounds. All the bones were in a state of perf jci pre servation; hut the tusks tell to p.ecus on ex- Ikisure to the air. The bone of the fore leg set up with the shoulder blade, are 8 feei lugh; the weight of the head and Iii3s is T.tfi lbs., and all of the. bones found, lOOr. lbs., tho number of bones being 220. The I -ngth of the skeleton is thirty-three feet! We understand from a gentleman who has seen the skeleton, that it w II be exhibiied here soon; hut as we have the one lat ly brought from New Jersey, as well as the Ilydrargos on exhibition, the anticipation of t Jin proprietors may not be real zed. ln:s is tho eleventh skeleton of this extraordinary anim tl which h is been found in this country, besides numerous portions of others. Six other skeletons of the mastodon have been found in the same valley in the SiiiteofNt-w Jersey, showing that Valley to have beotiii f i vorite resort of the inas'.odon. iV. iJjews. Educating tub Massm. The idea of in structing and elevating the masses belongs to modern times: it opens our new doctrin to the World. The ancient leg:slators would not have comprehended it: the legist itors ol the middle ages would only have seen in i an impiety, as they considered that knowl edge ought to belong only to the-'church: consequently, no people, up to the preseti tune, has produced all that it might protluc ; do not say in wisdom or iu virtue, bu merely in intelligence. This is a sublim. ipr'Ctacle which was wanting on the earth, and which is now preparing for future gener- ttions. Here worn iu a m ssion reveals itself. , Mannkim. I make it a point of morality never to find fiult with another for his m m nors. They may be awkward or graceful, blunt or polite, polished or rustic, I care not what they arc, if the man means well and acts from honest intentions, without eccen tricity or affectation. All man have not the advantages of good society as it is call. id, o school them in all its fantastic rulvs and cer emonies; and if thero is any standard of good manners, it is founded on reason and good sinse, and not upon those artificial re gulation:: Manners, like conversation, should bo extemporaneous, not studied. I always suspect a man who meets mo with the same perpe tin! sni'le on tho fic', and tho sam congaeing of the body, and tho sam.) pre mediated shake ot the n um. uive me ino hearty, it may be rough, grip of the hand i he careless nod. of recognition, aud when nccas on requires, the homely b it welcome salutntion, "How are you, my Iriendl ' From the New. York Evening Post. THE FREEDOM OF INDUSTRY. Suppose our Government were to souJ of ficer through all tlu cities and vdhg'S ol i lie land, clothed with fill authority to iti- iiire into the pursuits of each in in, aud to isstim him to 1 ibor at on-! or another kind ot employment, according as ho was rich or poor, had strong and wealthy tneiids or was Iriendloss and alone. It would be consider ed one of the most tyrannical acts wnich could be performed by any civil governmein. Suppose the pretence given out by the go vernment for this strange conduct was that it might so regula e the industry of the country as to cause her to produce within herself all that her wants required, and thereby the na tion m'ght be made independent of ull other nations, would this pretence be considered a sunicient reason for controlling every man in the etercise of that liberty to work when and where he pleased? : So far from it, the peo ple would exclaim with one voice that the government was making them most truly slave. No government that exits over any civiliced society could at this day maintain itself iu such a flagrant aggression openly made on this reserved and sucied right of mankind. ... . - . But to accomplish this very object, which no civil government dare attempt openly, an artful way his been devisedwhich not only tat eg from tho citizen his freedom of indus try, but by the force of circumstances assigns him, and iu most cases his jiosterity aticr him. to particular kinds of drudgery and sei vilude, if ho is poor; or, if rich, opens to him olden treasures lobe wrought out by his wealth and the sinews of his needy neighbors. .Monstrous as such a measure must necessa rily b', it has been brought forward with such ph'iisihlii reasons us defortii'ties hidden un der a golden rob , mid its elf c s so solemn ly, declared lo bi blessings to the country, that, the mass of the people have too easily been seduced lo lend it a ready ear and a helping hind. Toe eueini s of mankind have always heretofore bemiiled them to forge their own fetters. A protective tarill destroys the freedom of industry. By freed-mi of industry, we mean not only the natural and s.icred right which every mm poss sses lo employ his c tp c-ties, either menial or physical, in any pursuit he may choose, but also to receive the full and ni lural reward due to his exertions. How can this be enjoy d when our government passed a 1 iw wh ch forbids tho farmer tp exchange his flour and beef and pork tor the woolen clo'hs of England, wilh which to clothe him self and hi nc. tinder the penalty of pay ing a fine of one fortieth of the enure value of the cloths he may obtain. Or if ho wish es to make the exchange for cal coes or I iwiis, or delaines for lis wile and daugh'- eie, he must piy a fine of nine cents oneve- y square yard winch he obtains, or a tins ol the whole value, whichever will amount to the largest sum. Does that farmer receive the lull and na tural reward of his industry when he is fined by i he government for seeking the most pro fitable mnrkei? By no means. What is ihe conseqiienci r 1 no moment you d 'priv the firmer of the full and natural reward due to his industry, that moment you reduce ill the small t inners to poverty. All those firmers who, by their Inmost toil, wjm be fore only able to satisfy tne absolute wiinis of a young and growing fun ly, uow depriv ed of the full rewards due lo their hbor, do find at once their scanty incomeadiminishod, their fuirlics more straitened, and iraunt po verty bi ginning to pinch them. What shall lie dime? Their children must 1 nd theii paren s a helping hand, and forsaking th scones -id' childhood and the schoolroom, they go into the cotton or woolen fictory es tadlished by a rich neighbor, who by means of his capital has beeu enabled lo take ad vantage of the oppressive law. If the farm er has only infant children he must eithet emigrate or seek some more profitable labor, vih-cli may be presented by the new cirenm- ricanes into which society is thrown. Per haps he can turn to be an art'zan of snni kin I, for tho effect of tho new law is to corn n'nnd a great many citizens to become urti- zans. Perhaps he can turn nail maker, or got em pioymnnt in dyeing works, or in an iron foun dry, or hat factory, earl lion ware mtuulaciu ry, or any of the various pursuits to which the effect of the new law is to command n latiie mass of the citizens to betake them selves. ; That is, it creates such a combina tion of circumstances that they are forced to forsake the pursuits they have chosen and report to. others to obtain the ne cessaries of life. - On the other hand, these very circum stances command the capitalist, who is locat ed in any favorable portion of the country, to withdraw his wealth from those profitable ind aoreeablo enterprises in which it is en gaged, and to apply it to m inufaciures of some kind. Capitalists not inns lavoramy situated for manufacturing musi shift for themselves; perhaps go to speculating in s'oeks. embark ill schemes for new railroads, or continue thoir former pursuits Willi reduc ed profits. Now where is tho freedom of industry in these cases? Not only is the fanner prevented from obtaining the full and natural reward due to h:s exertions, but mul titudes of the poorer class in every puisuit are, by the lorce ot circumstances, as direct ly and effectually coiiin dlod, to resort to some oilier, aud to them novel, kind of labor, is il the officers of the government bad gone to their abodes and commanded them to chingi. ' ' " " ' Toe cisa of the planter is no better. If he sells his cotton for iron ho must pay a fine of twenty-five dollars on every ton he obtains from abroad; or else he must pui chnso an article at tho iron foundries of Penn sylvania, which he never would have taken unless so comimnded by the ciicmnstancos created under the new law of the eovern m -nt. It is useless to muliiply instances; every one can see them and .;pily them. Ii is in vain that we boast of our freedom of religion, our freedom of sp lech, and freedom of the press, so long as we have not free dom of industry. A combination of unna tural circumstances created by an unjust law of the government, makes slaves of a large mass of us. Yet it is our pompous boast that we have inherited from our fathers the most perfect principles of civil and political liberty. If this be true, then can we be loo timid to dare to carry them out, or so weak and greedy as to sacrifice them to the deceitful temptations of money? The Cultivation of Flowers Is or nil i lie amusements of mankind, tho one to be selected, and approved as the one most inno cent in itself, aud most perfectly devoid of injury or annoyance to others; tho employ ment is not only conducive to health aud peace of mind, but, probably, more gowd will has arisen and friendships been founded. by the intercourse and communication con n cted with this pursuit, than fiom any other whatever; the pleasures, the ecstucies tA ih.) horticulturists are harmless and pure; a sireak, a tint, a shade, become his triumph, wh eh tho' often obtained by a chance, are secured aloue by morning care, by evening caution, and the vigilance of days; an em ployment which in its various glades, ex cludes neither the opulent or thi indigent. and teemmg with boundless variety, affords an unceasing excitement to emulation with out conteutiou or ill will. Education ov Daituiitkhs. That un known, but certainly not uuf.lt, sige of the 'Methodist Protestant,' 'Old Gilbert,' thus discourses in the last of bis series of link nothings,' as he modestly calls his quaint es says. - 'Educate your daughter thoroughly. Wo man needs education more than nun. So old Gilbert thinks. Woman moulds the world. . Woman gives' character to the church. You may depend on Old Gilbert iu this opin ion. Ihe instruction ot daughters may be confined to teachers, but the mother alone can educate them.' - - These words 'instruct' and 'educate' as usud, are certainly not without their signifi cance. Hie term 'education' is tar more comprehensive than commonly supposed. Education should not cease with the school room. Sat. Visiter, Who that h s road M1 ou's noble, eulogy on books but must fe el a desire to collect aud preserve with affectionate care thosu deposi tories of the " precious life-blood of master spirils11 to afford an asylum to them from i lie contempt or ind tferenco or rough usage of the world at 1 trgo and to have them al ways near him as companions and guides ind own ftra'liar friends. Bat we cannot avoid quoting the passage at length and there is no need of an apology for our so doing. "for books are not absolutely dead Ihings but do contain a progeny of life in ihem to be as active as thai Soul wns whose piogi ny tliey are. . I know they are as lively and as vigor ously productive as those fabulous drugou teeth; and being sown up and down miy chance to spring up armed men. .And y.n on the other h and unless wariness be used, us good almost kill a man as kill a good book. iUauy a man l;vcs a buillien to iln earih; but a good book is tie precious l.'f-- blood of a muster spirit, embalmed and trra-ured up on purpose, to a life beyond Uje. trtiiftcitoi Mercury. Rkasox and thu Pamios-s. There is not a more energetic revelation of the social de viation of man, not a clearer proof of the subvers'on in which he is plunged, than the revolt of his perverted and false reason against his natural Attractions, against the eternal Harmonies, toward which his noble uaturo gravitates. Tho most striking and synthetical affirmation of social evil, is to be found in tho fict, that man is sunk so deep ly in evil, that ho considers this evil as his edement. It is this fatal belief which has paralyzed for so many centuries human intel ligence, and hap bo 'ii an obstacle to any bold search for an outlet, which would lead from the present subversion to Harmony. Victor Considerant. MumiQAN. The Michigan Democratic State Convention seems to have been con ducted with groat harmony. The attand nice of delegates was quito full, and the entire proceedings indicated the best pf feeling. Judge Alphcus Felch, a most e'stim aGle and worthy man was nominated for Governor, and Wm. L. Greenly of Lenawee for Lieu tenant Gov. They will be elected by a tri umphant vote. Goshen Democrat. D j? v elope tub Moual Powbrs. -All our moral poweis exist in us. The highest 'm of our teachers should be to disengage an. I call them forth, but this is what they th'nk .1. - I . 1U..I . ilv . .1 ' uiv lunsi vi... vvrniuui mrui'img luciMauivrsr is to whether tho house h already full; h:y only busy themselves about furnishing it, They fatigue the intellect with their wearisome maxims, and they leave asleep t lie . faculties of the soul which could, render these maxims intelligible. . ;.- - ;'To speak to lilUe children of God, is in other terms to present to thoir contemplation the object to which all souls ought to tend. Cause the sentiment of infinity to recognizs itself in the presence of the infinite God, and nothing will be lost even amidst our er' restrial passions, if from tha depth of their darkness man has still a glimpse of tha radiant path to heaven. -:: - Is 'here on tfarlh a vice which will not fall be fore the revelation of the beautiful? an error which will not vanish before 1 he light of reason ? and is not conscience more powerful than the sword, the f iggot, torture or pleasure ? Develope in Crcsar the moral sentiment which animated Cato, and Rome will be free, and Cssar will be great. Delelope in Alexander the sentiment of the beautiful which animated Socrates; give to his ambition the-infiuity of virtue, and instead of conquering the world Alexander would render it happy. ' A gene rous thought in tho soul of the mother as then only required to save the human race. 1 here is something soexquiSitely beautiful in the following extract from an Illinois paper4 addressed lo the principal mistress of 8 femala acadi my in Quincy, that we could wish fo see it copied in every paper throughout tn union. troy Man. . " Imagine for a moment, that a beautiful diamond is placed in your hand, on which you are required to engrave, a sentiment, which must be road at the great day of ac-1 eotiut, in tho presence of listening angels, and assembling worlds! What care would you exercise, what industry would you use to select from the vast cominon-wealih of letters, a sentence, pure, chastd, refined and holy! No cost iiio pains no efforts would be lacking! ' r Permit me then to sav to you, that thii is your present situation. Precious innocent hears, in all the purity of childhood's de-.. I'ghtful bloom, are placed in your keeping; ' and the duty of engraving principles there, which will ortSive vtho sun, and live and jtill live and live on forever, devolves on you. Ye? these diamonds, more previous than orient pearls more cosily than the sweet tuna star that smiles the dying day to sleep will soon be removed from your hands and locked up in the archives of eter-' uity. And when all nations shall be assem bled to hear their final doom, they will be again unfolded, and some swift winged angel as he bends his loftiest ffght around tho tree of life, will catch the echo of your present instructions, and with- bis. silver trump pour incm inio t ue ears oi unnumoerea millions: ' AxswKtt of The Yucatajcese. A call was recently made upon diem for their quota of troops lo assist the General Government in case of a war with this country. The autho rities, alter deliberating tor Tour" hours upon the demand of tho Secretary, returned an answer, " that in case of an invasion of their own territory by thu United States, that they i.i or; . woiiiu r.uon n aumuiieui torce io repeat tne in vaders, but th.it they could not assist troops to Mexico, in a war against tie United Slates. The True Spirit. Six hundred Irishmen in New Orleans, assembled in public meeting on the deinuul tor troops, and wilh the great st enthusiasm declared their readiness to enrol themselves for the defence of their adopted country. The German Yagers also volunteered lo a man. Indeed, tho enthu siasm of the citizens of foreign birth, was not i whit less than the true native feeling man; f..Sied on this occasion, To cause Needles to float tPox Wa ter. Place carefully a fine, clean and per fectly dry sewing noedlo horizontally upon water; it w 11 swm, although tlu specific gra vity of the needle is considerably greater s ihan that of the water. This effect is owing to the cohesive attraction of particles of wa-' ter to each other, wh:ch the small weight of the needle is not sufficient to overcome. (r By a new pn cess of lithographic print ing, laiely inveuted in France, 20,000 instead of 1,000, the usual number of impressions of writing by the common lithographic pres?, can be obtained in 12 hours, and also 1,000 instead 6f 250 impressions of designs. Thi is a valuable invention. - - . There's nothing 1 h ite so much as cant of all kinds it is a sure sign of a tricky dis position, If you see a man cant in reliainn. clap your hand into your pocket, and lay right hold of your pus, or he'll steal it, as sure as vou're alive: and if n mm rant in politics, he'll sell you if he cots a chance. you may depend. Law and physic are jist ihe same, and every nrie and mosel as bad. If a lawyer takes to cantm, it's like tho fos t reach:n to the geese, he'll eat up his w'iol - congreg ition; and if a doctor takes to it, "1 tie's a quack s Sure as rats. The Lord have -massy on you, for he wont.' I'd sooner trust ii y chance with a naked hook any time, than - J"6 ,h-al half covered with bad bait. Son Slick.