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TTt !i-i'ii-j 'ti vf;im.v.n,:Jw"'," '' ! . ' ', ' , . ' ' - ' 1 !! if .r! w5 :'! I ri-um er. isn.t ia.".. . ' " . ; . )'.uy.,ijv I'ar.i'i .i'iri :m!i 'Iw f -li'.-l i -.'l fa', il! wi.,1 IV !;! , JSjuoi iaw iJguaZ Righlsi q,nd .Equal Burdens- The Constitution, and, its Currency ,,: r i .'ll;,.',( I... i' It ii, VOL.: V.NO. 33. KALIDA, PUTNAM COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, OCTOBER ,7, 1845. WHOLE NO. 241. A . A THRILLING INCIDENT. ; Some time since, there lived in one of ho West Iudia Islands, then in the posses sion of the French, a wealthy plantor who liad an only son-a young man of rare and natural endowments, both of mind and body. At the period in which our narratiou is founded, he was in the prime of life pf prepossessing exterior of courtly address unrivalled in most manly and athletic exer cises and had attained the rank of Captain in Hie militia of the Island.. ,Thus. blest with the gifts of nature, as well as of for tune, it would seem little short of a misan thropic calculation, to doubt that his life would be a happy one. But alas! a state of unalloyed felicity is unattainable even by the most favored son of humanity in this, his statogof probation; a:id hence, when tit times all nature soems to thke an interest in what concerns the voyager on his life's ocean. hiB own unbridled passions, like a mutinous crew in a prosperous gale, will prove his saddest foes shipwreck , his hopes, his fame, nnd his happiness; and so; alas 1 it was i in the present instance. Under the blighting influence of a most ungovernable temper equally disposed to impart or receive offence, he was unceasingly embroiling himself in ...,..M ont rAndnrinff his sociclv burden- ometill, at. length, shunned by most of his earlier acquainiaucoo, mMmwrcm n i,..,Ut Aamcannt drove a mi lid too pertina- liaugii.j - cious to acknowledge the necessity of re formation, to the deceitful pleasures or me wine cup and the gaming table, in order to drown those feel ngs consequent on mortifi ed pride. A- '. : '-!" 1 ' '.' ' At that particular period, gambling pre vailed to a most incredible extent through out the W. Iudia Islands; and not ttnfre quently a sum which; iii those more pressing Dmitri hn considered a small fortune, may be seen staked on the single throw oi ..i ft ta lln mm tiimmfir's 6VC- uv uiv-c. it 1,1 . - ning, as the young militia Captain was en gaged with some equally dissipated charac ters as himself, in this exciting speculation, in the saloon of a celebrated Cafe, when a Stranger, wearing the uniform of a naval cap tain, entered, and. having 'ordered some be- verage to his taste, amused himself during its preparation in taking a throw of the dice, When regardless of knowing whether he had won or lost, he turned around to drink.' Ha ving finished his draught, and resumed his position at the table, he was surprised at see ing a large pile of gold pushed across ro him by Li (the militia captain,) " On. being in formed that he had won it on his throw, he refused to accept it, alleging that he did not consider himself entitled to it, as, at the time of throwing, he was not 'aware" of the sum played for, supposing it to be some 'trivial mount, adding that " had he lost, h6 should not have paid it." ; 1 . ;:M ' '', . ' This sentiment seemed a welcome inci 'dent to L., who, seizing this opportunity for 3' J n.nKkla nnarrpl Insisted conirauiuiiuu ouu jjiuuuu.- ....... --, ( that' the stranger should accept it ;' at the same time, vehemently declaring that" had he (the stranger) lost, he should have paid it." To arguments, contradictions quickly sue seeded, and finally an appeal to arms. In vain did the spectators of the scene endea vor to allay the angry feelings aroused, or effect a reconciliation; and .hence, the "friends," who proceeded to select the weapons with which the right of quarrel should be decided, soon discovered that -the; stranger'-fl skill Was so far inferior .to that of his antagonist, whether with pistol or small eword, that no doubt could exist, as : to the issue of the encounter, wore they to engage . ' on equal terms. . Under these circumstances L.'s high sense of " Aoor" forbade him to take advantage of bis superiority. , Atleiigth, after some reflection and evident embarrass- jm'ent at' the' prospect 'of disappointment L, thus addressed tns opponent w.i. .i:.r. Sir. rh thnra exists sft irreat a disnamv in pur skill, as this, affair has gone too fur to bs amicably. adjusted, I propose that we de cide it in a manner in which we both shall possess equal chances by 'a throw of the dice. Whoever throws the highest number shall possess the other,". , ; ;. i: , ,; ; A I thia Hroiwlfiil nrnnnnnl mnnv nf ihn Kv. ... . t. wi -f "j stauders withdrew with horror, npt ch.oosing 10 oe wimesscs to sucn a scone, a lew, i however, whose nctl"iosity ! overcame -their Scruples, remaiued; in the presence of whom uio nayai oncer naving accopioa me terms; hey proceedod to throw.. A doath-liko si-J fnr.n nrevailcd as the' strancrer took ud the dice, and rattling them iiTlhe box, threw the number Eleven. "" L. now acain addressed the ' stranecr." and thus remarked: ' " ". : !. ' - ' " That Monsieur, is .over, the average throw, and you have probably wou;i before, I throw. I tnko this onnnrtunilv to warn vou. , - -1 1 - - - . j that you, 6liow i$ mercy to me, for (and here he uttered a dreadful oath) if I, win, . none shall be extended to yo." .. .... i ; .. . V Sir, I require none of your advico as tp my coiiduct in ; this matter," was the . brief reply of the stranger. : ., V. :t .h. thou took the dice! ; Without the alter ation of a feature, and with a clear eye and steady hand he shook tho fatal, dice, and threw the number Fifteen. ;, A scarcely porceptiblo emotion passed over the countenance of the stronger, (for f I 1 t . 1 lv I . I ulasi: tie was a tiusuana anu a miner:; out uy a strong effort ho suppressed it. "Now, then," said the heartless L. (taking up the 1 .1 1 II 1 I. I. pistol, iuo oreaaiui ngni oi wuoso use in; had. won,) if you. are of that class who. use I nravors. and wish to say any, you must be I qnick, for your time is short." ; : . "1 am always reaoy to die." was tno dnet response; and having so said, the stranger crossed his owns, foided them pn his breast, and with compressed lips and unquailing eye, awaited tho blow. L. then raised the fatal msfmmont and fired! . His ODDoncnl's brains 1 1 bespattered tho wall! while mute, and inde scribable horror chained the spectators tor several minutes to their positions, confound ed at the unearthly scene they had witness ed.' After the bloody tragedy, the few who had hitherto associated wijh him, even the very roues, gamblers and desperadoes, shunned him. lie became tired of life and desperate; and when the British invaded the Island, L. joined their troops, and careless of life fought with a sort of infuriate bravery. Tho British, soon, and .particularly by his aid, be came masters of the Island; and just as L. was in the very act of hoisting the British standard on the walls of the principal fort which had just. been carried by .gtortn, a ball pierced his brain, and he fell dead fioin the rampart. .. ; ,( . . ; 1 The Nashville Union publishes a letter of t'owell the sculptor, in answer to an applica tion of Mr., Harris, of Tunnessco, giving an estimate of, the probublo ' cost of a bronze pnnpstrinn statue of Gn. Jackson, sixteen to eighteen feet from the bnsp to the head of the rider, lie thinks that the casting alone would amount to between 12,000 and 15,000 dollars, and that 30,000 dolhra iii all would not ha too much tor the totn oxnense ot the work., At the close of his letter Mr., Powers says: ... . ..... . " I have not sent ort mv bust ot Jackson I must retouch the dranerv 6f it. As soon as I am at liberty, it shall bo done, and after wards sent by .the tirst vessel pound irom Lefjhorn to the United State?. Since I h.iH thn nleasUre of talking with vou. I limn Kpfn nffornfl more than the usual nrices of similar work, for my, statues., I could have sold 'JEve over ana over again, out nave rlptnrminp.fi on 'exhibitinff this statue in mv own country.' I decided not to sell it On any terms to foreigners." t " ... ,; The NontEMAN . and th Lawvert4 nobleman one day visited a lawyer, at his pfllpp in wliich. at tho same time, was a blaz ing fire, which led him to exclaim,,-" Mr. -,-your office is as hot as . an oven." " So it should be, my lord, replied the lawyer, " as it is here I make my bread.'?. ; t. . ! . .. ; ....,v,(;;;r:;i ' My ?spected. bredren," said a venerable looking ; preacher . of the .JEthiopian race . blessed am dey dat 'spects nuttin, for.dey aiiitgwine to be disapiJointed.'', , j ( J j ir ; "' - I A, Hint. A lady remarked that "care lessnossr was little better, than, a ,'halfrwHy house between accident and design " ' ? THE FRENCH RESTRICTIVE SYSTEM. ' Although ' a part of the French restrictive ystom has been directed against tho impor ts ion of foroign( corn, yet.Frcnch agriculture does not appear io have derived !any. benefit whatever from such protection. it is interior to that of most European countries, and has, in fact, scarcely irnproved at all since , the (ime. when Arthur; X.unS described it, im mediately before the first Revolution. yinlst the ayerage prpdu'coOl wheat per acre n England ranges from 20 to' 40 bushels, or about 28 bushels for the kingdom, the average produce for the whole kingdom of f raoce is undcr; 14 bushels per acre. , , i , '. ... ''France, of all countries in Europe," says Mr. Macgregor, "should produce so cheaply as to have ho pretence for restricting the im portation of foreign corn. Notwithstanding this undoubted fact, a Committee of the Chamber of Deputies reported in 1832, that " if we admitted the food aud raiment and metals and colonial and other objects which strangers would bring to ourports,'we might probably gain some hundreds ot millions, should wo bp the richer in consoquence? for the riches of a stnte are in tho elements of labour, and when labour fails to find em ployment, misery is reproduced. And it is not only a question of comfort, but one of existence ; for if wheat were introduced with out duty from the Baltic or Black Sea, our maritime shores mould remain uncultivated, and the effect of a ruinous competition would affect more and more nearly the whole of our agricultural population." I his is an extraor dinary confession on the part of the repre sentatives of a great people. . They declare that France, with her soil so especially well adapted for the raising of corn; with her scientific and agricultural : skill; with an in dustrious farming population; and with the expense of freight and other charges, equal at least to 20 per ccnUof lhevalue of corn, is incapable of competing with the Baltic and Black Sea corn-crower. , , . " The French agriculturist has, however, to contend against a real and most oppressive disadvantage; that is, the high price of iron required for making ploughs, barrows, and other agricultural instruments. By estimates, much uuder those made by the late Duo de la Rochefoucault and others, of the annual wear of the iron of ploughs and of harrows in France, and calculating the difference be tween the averaee prices, for ten years, of iron in that kingdom, and the prices at which, for the same period, iinslish iron would have been sold and delivered in France, (if hot restricted by hiflh duties,) we find that by a very moderate calculation the agriculture of that kingdom is taxed forty millions of francs annually, to maintain tho proprietors of iron mines and foundries, and the proprietors of woods U3ed in making charcoal. . M. Annison, an unprejudiced deputy, has estimated this tax, in his Ex amen del Enquete sur les Fers, at 49,522,000 francs, or nearly two millions sterling." ($9,400,180.) Here wb find that for forcing the iron manufactures, which never have thriven in France, nor ever will thrive by such means, the national agriculture is subjected to an annual charge equal to two millions of pounds sterling: whilst that agriculture continues in a most backward arid unsatisfactory state, thoueh forced in its turn by taxes upon for eign corn. This is the very result foretold 70 years since by.T.urgot, in whose words will be found a remarkable opinion,, dated 24th December, 1773, Sur la Marque des Fers, deprecating protective iron duties, by the most unanswerable arguments. nam- burgh Review. i ! ' J Commencing Right. After all that has been said by the whig Press about the ra gamuffins and land pirates" ot l exas, we are prepared to look to the action of her. conven tion for a model Constitution. Among the provisions already incorporated into that in strument are these: ' " First, That no corporate body shall be created, renewed or extended' with banking or discounting power. v i , . Second, That the, legislature shall be pro hibited fiom contracting debts above $100, 000, except in case of war, or to repel invas ion or insurection." J' '. The men who could adopt such a Consti tution are men who deserve the thanks of age; and whose memories will be held in grateful remembrance by millions yet unborn, They have started at the right point they have profited by the experience of the past, and instead of sharpening their wits in the at tempts to curtail banking powers, and guard against bank explosions, they have' nipped th.ina hi the bud, .and saved themselves u t from the gripe of : the money, chan ge ' J ""' ' i ' Vf- ' ' L fucli been the: policy of the older States, what untold myriads of wealth would have hvcjx saved to the toiling millions ! what crimes. Prevented, what-heaven daring.;rob-' Hwrrei of the poor man's pockets suppressed! Let the long and dismal array ot wiaows ana orphans reduced to want let fhe beggars in rass. and the thieves in fine linen, the immates of the prisons and hospitals', the registers of cnuiu oil va.ii-i tiu ii --. ..w evils bf paper money are beypud all estimate, surpassing the loftiest stretch of imagination. , Texas is right rlt her go ahead ! Gostcn Democrat. i! n The girls in this region are "becoming so Democratic that they have discarded whale bone, and now use Hickory for rfay.., Hur rah for the " vimmen!" Ind.Dem. '"' From the, Democratic Courier.': i ' :: i IIohach Scott Knapp, . Esa-'TrWe , have loo lonjr neglected tp notice the nomination of this gentleman as a candidate for Repre sentative ''in 'the dist'rict";corhposnd "of tho counties of !lPitlnam! Defiance, Paulding, Williams, and. Henry; ? The cbhvention, in which,MMKnapp, pn' the. fourth , balloting, received a large majority of all the votes cast, met at Charioe, Paulding county, on the 27th ult. In copying the preamble L and somd of the resolutions of the convention, whieh will be found, below,, it may not be, improper in this connection, to offer a few remarks in re gard to its nominee.. 'With Mr, Knapp we have" been long and intimately: acrjuainted. Some years since we wrought side by: side as joufneymen in the same printing otlipo.- Beinff so intimately associated with him, we profess to know somethrng about his feelings, habits, and modes of thought, and. unless he has wonderfully changed from days fbf yore, we cannot err in saying; that a more, .lofty; minded, honorable and upright man lives not in the world. ; We speak iu this, high strain of eulogy from the confidence we still re pose in him. ' We belive that his sentiments! now ' are what they have ever beeni He heartily detests every species of ;tyranny over the minds and bodies of men. , ,, 'io cpr- porations of all descriptions, from a monster bank down to a little village squabbling ly ceum, he is an uncompromising opponent. Mr. Kriapp is ho theorizor. He wishes to bring the doctrine of "'equal and exact jus tice. to all men" a notion affording a theme for much day-dreaming speculation into ac tual fruition. The motto of the Democratic Courier " the greatest good to the greatest number" is with him no idle and dark say- ' Its import governs his actions.' We have had in our ranks too many milk-sop po-liticians-too many weathercock demagogues, professing one thing and practising anomer fellows, who, when standing forth for the suffrages of the people, have prated of their rights and their wrongs, and when duly iri: ata ort nto resnonsiDio siauons, nave sui uu the cry of " expediency" as an excuse ior tbri Wraval of the trusts reposed in them. Out on the folly of " expediency,", and put on men of the Judas-like character oi sen. ator Lahm from Stark, who, altliough com; ing from a strongly democratic district, gross lybetrayed his constituents by voting with the federal Shylocks of the Ohio Legisla ture, upon every banking question Drougni upon the tapis, we say, we want no bucu political jugglers in our party.: We want such men as are willing to show their hands men who will at once declare their posi tion, let it be either for or against us. Con- pRalment should never for a moment be the policy of tho true democracy. T lhe VIA Hunkers, in concert with the federalists, have well nigh ruined, the State. . . To them, as well as to our opponents, are we indebted for the various systems of fraudulent bank ing which have cursed Ohio, from the palmy davs of tho Owl Creek concern, to the pre sent legalized plunder scheme of Alfred Kel- ley s Dana oi inieves. , uo . , . i.fl. . rc .I:.... cracv desire a aiaereiu sww ""k. Tfifiv. in-the "orosressive spirit of the age from the more enlarged ana imerai viows oi the rights ot the whole people ana incon tradistinction to Old Hunkerism and the oli garchical principles of federalism, contend for a radical and permanent, change in , our monentary ; affairs, and an utter demolition of all the rag shops in the country. ' They are opposed to the unconstitutional emission of bills- of credit. ' Gold and silver ia the nnW standard of value, and why. not have the substance for the shadow, the reality for thn thin? represented, say they. ' Ihese, we think, are the views of a large majority of the people of North Western Ohio, and Mr, Knapp, whilst editor ot tna n.anaa veniuro, has consistently maintoined them. We re joice in his nomination, and have no doubt of his election: and that ,wnen eieciea, ne will manfully pursue the same course in .our legislative councils, which he has heretofore so ably advocated in the columns of his ex cellent paper. ,-.; ,, - .;', ;,; ,t.y; - If Mr. Hazewell is aradical Democrat, and entirely untinctured with the odious doctrine of conservatism, he might give a more clear and explicit expose of his true sentiments than has yet beeu placed before the public ere this, and he owes it to the democratic press of bliio, and her'npblo democracy, to do it, Without fui'thcr delay, f He' particularly owes it to the old friends of Col. Medary to define his position more, clearly,1 upon the currency question, that they may know whe ther ho is for or against the principles for which they have been contending. A frank, candid and unequivocal statement upon, this all-absorbing question, would,'hoi doubt, go far toward satisfying the' rrilnda of -many ho nest democrats, who have been disposed to question jfhe orthodox principles of the paper, since, it came under Mr., Haze well's control. -Pikeionian. y,': , ",V j '" .''Debatb on SLAVERY.-Th'o Rev Ni Lj Rice and the Re J; B. Blanchard will de bate the following question in Cincinnati, the discussion ; to .commence th,e.,, first of next month: i.,.,,.v , , . 1(V),,; ;., ; .,. .f '. ,, . " Is slaveholding in itself siuful, and the relation betweon master and slaved a sinful relation.' tnt-piibr fe.r .j;'.fiv ; ill iiii -ri-it-- .'- " in r '.1 '.!; Toast drank at Erie, Pa.,.last 4th of July ; Our noble selves. As smiling as, nature around us, but not so green.n r j Naval' Anecdote.' The following plea sant anecdote of tho heroic Decatur is from , a late number of the Nautical Magazine," and it will,, we ,aro, sure, btfread, with inte rest by ever American!-" 4 J ' '" ' " Before tjie warr Captain pirdeu and the Macedonian were at Norfolk; "Decatur was " there, too, and ft, warm intimacy soon joined in friendship twekinderd hearts. While dis cussing, naval '.affairs" one' dayf Cardert said Decatur, your ships are good'enough, and 4 you are a clever set of followsf'but what practice have yon had in wart .there's the rpb. One of these days we well prohabfy have a brush together, and if I catch your ship at sea, I will knock her into a cocked bat, Ste phen.' ' Will you,' says Decalur; ' I will bet you a hat on it.' ' The bet was agreed on and the conversation changed.- ''"- . :;' " But a few months elapsed ere the war that had been threatening commenced, and the two captains, by some singular coincid ence, met. I he results of the action are known. Captain Carden, on going on board the United States, was received by a lieutci nant at the gangway, to whom he tendered his sword. ' Not to , me, sir,' said 1 the officer. i 4 but to the captain.' And where is lhe cap tain C said tho embarrassed ' Englishman. TTft ia Bfnnrtinrr oft tltoiui.. flint la tl.r. ntln m.w....q iiiuivj .iiiui ia gentle man, sir, in a tarpaulin hat and rpund jackeKV "viiiueii wmi un. auo uis ieeungs, oa. oetin. under such Circumstances, bis old friertd, may be imagined. ' As tie offered his' sword to- Detutur, that officer said, 'No,; harden; I never take the sword of a' brave man; you have frought gallantly. But,' said he, laying his hand oh the other's shoulder, 1 wilt take tnat hat, my deer fellow.'" ' "In transferring to the United States the' suite of Captain Carden, a fine band was in cluded... In the afternoon, when dinner wai . announced in the cabin, Captain Carden said to Decatur, those musicians are very sfiilful,' and I have always had them on deck while at my dinner.' ,; Very well,' said Decalur, wa will have them up.' The band was ordered on deck to play, and Com. Decatur was asked what air he would like to hoar. Let them play Britannia Tulea the waves,' said he, with a sly laugh." - ' - i : On examination, it was found that of the' two hundred and three convicts in the Auburn State prison, all but one ere accustomed to, use strqng drink! , . A -r MoVKMBNTS OP THE BRITISH IN CaNABAi Some weeks ago, an article appeared in this paper, under this head, wjiich did not sit well on the stomachs of the official journals r of Canada, but the material facts they did not deny.' ' They undertook, however, to ridicule' the whole matter, by a technical objection ta the expression " Highland Dragoons," and: - their echoes this side of the line joined I in the cry. . . ' ..'.; , . Upon making further inquiries, wo learn that the expression "Highland Dragoons" referred rather to the fact that the soldiers had been recently imported from a station iu the Highlands of Scotland, than to. (he fac that they were Highlanders born, or were Highlanders in stature.' ' But it is imma terial whero they were born, where they tamo from, or whether they were, mounted or on foot. All we Americans want to know is, that some kind of, troops, are there, The question then arises',J what are' they there fort As to the statement that Great Britain is trying to get our Indians away, it is con firmed by the Indians themselves ' now at Mackinac awaiting for. the , payment. , Not only so: but persons, who have, been at Drummond's island this season, and are ac quainted there, say that the diminution of the Indians is easily perceptible. . Again : the Canada papers themselves boast of the great increase of, the Indians to the Manitouline from Drummond's island. They may equally loudly boas) Of the groat accession of negroes, which ard kidnapped and run over the lines by our abolitionists. -The.. British, the In dians, and the negroes, compose the modern triple alliance against the extension, of free- dom on the American continent. J ' . ", .'" ' ' '' The name of the steamship lying in ordin ary at Penetanguishine .s The Jtfino."--If it has been off this season, i t has not been known on , the , Amorican side.-There , is another very small steamship, to which our other article did not allude. Wheri the Ame rican' steamship Michigan was"' in theiSault Stet Marie region, this summer, "this-, little concern, whose name we have 10st,.followed along in her wake, to soe what she was about' but was not seen by the Michigan, as one of her crew mformeJ us. '. She has beeu in the St: Mary's river several times,' and was seen by the crew and passengers of the Gen. Scott a steamboat plying between Mackinac and .the Sault-r on her trip about the 25th of August. She. has no business pf any kind whatever, either ' in the shape of carrying freight or passengers." 1 Again : the British are about, commencing a fort at Port Sarniaj the terminus of the, coutemplatod westom railroad from Kingston, at the foot of Lake Huron, nearly opposite to the American Fort Gratiot. . AH these rnattcrs are Of 1he highest inte rest fo us.' Chicago Democrat, i n Ml -J;'! ,r.i'l ll ' !' ' " 'Ii'." "i!:o! ViO.i I Tom Jones, gives his, nolo to John, Thom son, on which he has written .a. promise to pay $100 on demand. J But this paper note . will not pass for money, and yot it has. the security of Jones's farm and labor for its rp demptioiii ,,Why. should tho laws' make, a banker's promise niouey Iq twice. the "ampuut that it is pretended the. bank has means o redeem! ' '' ' ' ' . ' r - flow i W" .1!M 't vfV. .