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ilALillJA ,V,JiiMlUXV.Ci- I.JAMES MACKENZIE, EDITOR. ; T U JSSD A Y, N O V. .1 1, .18 4 3 . THE FUTUEE COURSE OF THE DEMO " " - CRACY.' ' While no feeling of despondency characterize! the ton of the Ohio Press in consequence of our late defot, iti differeutrnomberi are most wisely endeavoring to ascertain the cause, with view lo avoid a like consequence hereafter., It appears ko be the general conviction that to the want of unity of principle and harmony, existing among tot,our late defeat is mainly attributable. Admit ting this to be the prominent cause it will fail to be remedied by any truce suppressing and sacrificing any of the great principles for which w are con tending. Harmony established upon such a found ation would be hollow, delusive and unprofitable! without the vigor of health it would only produce diseased and inefficient action, and paye our way to hopeless and deserved minority. ' At the Convention on the 8ih of January next the issues of the next compaign will probably be 'decided. The only d'rect suggestion in reference to that decision which we nave perceived it the following from the Cincinnati Enquirer: "We are opposed to chartering banks oi Circula tion, and especially, when their circulation, is based upon Stocki and real estate. But we do not believe the evil can be roached by ordinary legis lation. The axe should be laid at the root of the '-tree, and we submit whether it should, or should 'not, be done by calling a convention of the people, to alter the Constitution, so as to prohibit all such Institutions. This, it seems to us, is the only practical means of reaching the evil, and the only Victual remedy. "Louisiana haa excluded banks of circulation, by her new Constitution ; and so has Texas. Missouri and Mississippi will soon follow in their footsteps, and Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, and all the West and Southwest, may reasonably be expect ed not to lag far behind. Where the Constitution of a State sanctions banks of circulation, or in fact does not absolutely prohibit them, and where their existence is made the test of parties, and parties are nearly balanced, the work of a subsoque ut Legislature v ill very likely be the building up, or pulling doun, the work of Its predecessor, as often as the outi be- come the ins," So far as we have quoted we like the proposition, which is not new to our readers, who have hereto fore seen it advocated In the Venture when under ,t. chiure of our predecessor. But the En quirer adds as a part of bis proposition the surrender of the ouestion of the repeal of the Banks created under Kelly's Law. For the issue of Constitu tional Reform we are fully prepared, but we are by no means prepared to acquiesce in the existence of the oresent Banking system. We must endure it perforce until tbe public intelligence decides for its removal, but we will never cease to urge its reneal. nor concede for one moment its rightful existence. We feel satisfied that had the broad question of Bank or no bank been substituted for tbe visionary moonshine of bank reform, Ohio would before this have taken her place in the front rank of Democratic States, instead of being now under the guidance of an unprincipled whig oligarchy. Throughout the State, wherever the question of bank or specie currency has been boldly pre ented to thefteople, they have upheld a sound cur ... with a natriotic devotion which leaves not a doubt of our ultimate victory if to them 'are fu'lv eonfided the great truths to which we desire success. We cannot fear the result, as it is only in the pursuit of little aims and a time serving nolicv that defeat is disgraceful. With noble objects nnd manly efforts for the real liberty of the people, no falsehood or ignorance can long deprive us of their hearty co-operation. W cannot conclude this subject better than by adopting tho well-judged remarks of thc.N. Y NeW,: THE OHIO DEMOCRACY. The Democracy of Ohio have met with n decisive, but not very disastrous defeat. They have failed lo gain the Legislature, both branches ol winch were last year nrmiy Whig, and will now only be more strongly 80. They Inst year were unable to carry the popular vote for " Polk and Dallas," and they are now only equally, unfortunate. But we see nothing in the returns before us lo the contrary, and. tborclore, believe mat tne uc mocracy of Ohio are at this day as powerful as they were one year since, we nave said that the Democracy of Ohio ate as powerful now as thev were one year since, we should have said moro powerful. And such is the facf. They are more powerful, because they know their true strength because the achenvjs and numbers of treacherous men have been exposed because the late battle has been fought on principle and because such battle has driven from their ranks many who were Democrats from interested motives, and who do not relish the stern virtue of the Ohio Democracy. .. The battle has been lost , by the treache rous and underhanded management of the .nnRrvatives. Excepting 111 one or two counties in which this rotten class of polifi cians carried their owu nominations, they have evidently been against the Democratic candidates. Especially has such been tne case m every county containing a consiaera ble town. In every such place there was a little knot of men who were with us but not Of us and in such places we lose ground. And in some close counties the whole JJe mocratic ticket is elected, wilh the excep tion of members ol the Legislature. I hese circumstances tell the story the conserva tives not liking the radical sentiments of the Democracy; were very naturally against us. If thev were our own people we should find no fault with them . for so doing, if they could -agree to leave us forever. Wa sav to our Ohio friends; be firm: ad- here to your principles with the tenacacity of life. In the dust ot dcteai win you ua iun ,fied in your minority will you sow the seeds of victory. Listen not to the wiles of Con servatism: tamper not with emissaries. Let rTow wise men, your sound men, and-your fruo men? conn8e, logether ( Ux ,hem ptfl. pare the issues for your future contests, upon the firm and broad base of everlasting truth of principle. Do this, resolutely qnd firmly, and you will succeed; but yield to the suggestions of the Conservatives and you will be a party withdut principle victors without life. That excellent representative of found Demo cracy In Shelby, the Democratic Spark, qudtes the above with the following remarks: " Let those who have stood firm in the righteous cause of republicanism, persevere. Turn neither to the right nor to the left, but redouble your zeal in advancing tho glorious principles of equal rights and equal privi leges, and the pigmy influence of your oppo nents will, ere long, be made to disappear be fore your giant and overpowering strength, like the morning mist before the noon-day sun. Tho late partial triumph of tbe feder alists, contains no ingredients sufficiently nau seous to sour the feelings ot dampen the spirits of the true and determined democracy of Ohio. Though we have been beaten, by distractions in our own ranks, yet we are not conquered ; and our shameful defeat, this fall, will only serve to awaken us from that lethar gy and security of strength, in which we have too long indulged, and cause us to make our true strength known and felt in all future contests." 5- We learn that our papers for Gilboa are not delivered to subscribers but once in one or two months, and Mr. Sutton states that they do not arrive there. As they are regularly mailed at this office, we have requested the Postmaster here to institute inquiry where they aro suppressed. There is culpable neglect or dishonesty some where, which is inflicting upon us serious injury if it is generally practiced. We do not believe that any of the Postmastors on the route would bo guilty of the meanness of thus violating their trust; but of the fact we are assured,and we cannot be equally certain about their underlings. Capital Punishment. Time, and cases like the following, will, it Is to be hoped, at length convince our law makers that the hangman and the gallows would be better dispensed with. The humane spirit of modern legislation confines itself to the protection of society and the reform of the criminal; but ihe law of retaliation Upon which our piesent system of capital punishments is founded bolongs to ages when man was little studied or understood, add merely cuts off the offending member, affirming that it Can neither henceforth reform or restrain him. As to the moral influenco of executions such a cas othis 6f Df. Baker's, where there is a reasonable doubt whether society if not wreaking the vengeance i f the law upon a man incapable of guiding his own actions will do away with all the good effect of the punishment and weaken confidence in the law, while it adds force to the conviction held by a very large pro portion of the people, that spectacles of strangling tend to promote rather than restrain the crime against which they are directed!. We take the following statement Of facts from the Western Journal of Medicine, for October. . Dr. Abner Baker, a reputable physician, of the most respectable family and connexious, killed his brother-in-law, Daniel Bates, a high ly esteemed citizen of Clay county, in this State, about a year ago, and alter an exa mination before the usual tribunal in such cases was discharged on the grounds of lunacy. He spent the winter m Havana, and while absent the Grand Jury found verdict against him of murder. On his return in the spring his friends, gave him up; he was tried at the special term of the Circuit Court, of Clay couniy, in June last, and found guilty. The plea of monomania was sot up iu his defence and the testimony to that effect of several physicians, among whom was the late Professor Richardson, was clear and decided. The Governor of the Com monwealth has been petitioned lo pardon on that ground, but has refused to grant tbe prayer. We are assured that nine out of twelve of the jury are among the petitioners, and that they express a full conviction that Baker is a monomaniac. As fur as we are informed, every physician who has hcatd or read the testimony in Ihe case is of the same opinion. At the request of a brothet of Dr. Baker we examined, some weeks ago, a transcript of the evidence, and from what was submitted to us we did not entertain a single. doubt as to his insanity. The same record was read by several of our medical friends who concurred fully with us iu this opinion, and the result was that we express ed to the Governor our beliet that the unlcfr tunate man was a fitter subject for the mad houso than the gibbet. We do not know how nearly this sentiment is universal among the medical men who have investigated the case, nor are we going to say how far the opinions of such witnesses ought to prevail with the Executive; but we suppose there is no arrogance in Saying, that, as to a question of insanity, no men in the community are as competent judges as physicians. We do hope that tho governor will, at least,- sun turther extend the respite which he has granted, and that all doubt of the lunacy of tffe pri soner will be removed from the public mind if indeed he is not insane, before he is made to pav this dread ponalty. The moral effect of his execution while such a doubt hangs over the case, we are thoroughly persuaded, would be most injurious. v , ; Execution of Dr. Baker. We have just conversed wilh a gentleman, a friend of Dr. Baker's family who was present on the 3d instant, at Dr. Baker's execution. Twelve o'clock was the hour appointed for the exe cution; but JJr. I5aker requestett to ne brought out of jail at ten, .that he might have an opportunity of addressing the people. His request was complied with, and he spoke an hour and a half. In his speech he pro tested that he was not, and never had been, crazy; repeated, in the strongest language, all bis accusations against his wife, and point ed to two of her highly respectable relatives than present, who, ha said, had criminal inter- course, with her After finishing his remarks, although it was but half-past eleven o'clock, ho asked to be hung immediately. 1 Do sheriff proclaimed that all who desired it might approach and shake hands with him; . . . i .i. i i but none attempted to avail ineinaeives oi tho privilege, except two females of bad character, whom Dr. Baker motioned away, saving that it was just such a female as them selves who had brought him to the condition he was thon in. ' Wo understand that the friends ,of Dr. Baker intend to devote the reward offered by the govemdr and by the executors of Daniel Bates, for the apprehension of said l)r: Baker, lo the publication of the trial of B iker, in cluding all the evidence &c, and that they will give the amount of the reward ($1,000) to the lunatic" asylum at Lexington. Louis ville Jour nali !i. " New Cotjnty of Auglaize." The Li ma Reporter has quite a lengthy article in its last number about this p'foject. Wo do not think it necessary to enter upon a discussion of (he subject, as it will scarcely go further than a presentation of petitions. 1 he advo cates of this measure have failed to give the necessary legal notice in this county, and this they have done to save a few shillings the legal due of ihe publisher. On finding that the only pay for their advertisements, for several years, had been unfulfilled promises we demanded payment in advance, and stat ed what wo supposed the amount would be. Their agent did not require its publication of us, without wo would accept the sum first named, which, on putting the article in type, proving less than our legal due, wo of course declined. This is a small matter, and our only wonder is, if they have been as nig gardljr to their wordy champion of tho Ito porter why he has given so lengthy an evi dence of disinterestedness. He is certainly entitled to a corner lot in Wapaukonetta, whenever it shall becoitlo the new county site. This trifling acknowledgment of his valuable services will, we hope, be duly tendered. For the Kalida Venture TO THE PUBLIC. ii lias been Asserted in different townships of the county, with a view to my injury, that I hava lmuoht tax titles which I do not de ny and also that I have wilched" persons when they came into Kalida to redeem their lands and have slipped into the Trea surers office and paid the tax for the purpose of receiving the pe'tialiy on them ; which last statement I pronounce a wilful) malicious, and infamous falsehood, and such I am ready to prove it by Ihe Treasurer's receipts given at the time. Besides by the Auditor's books the tact will appear, ibat no tax title was redeemed by the owner for some two weeks after I had paid my taxes, and that only one or two instances occur of redemption in so short a time. It is well kntfvvn that August 15th is the lawful time for the payment of taxes; in 1843 I made my first payment on Tax Lands, on tho 9th of Sep tember for 1844 my payments were made on the second o? September, and for the pre sent year I have made flo payment. Th'esc two occasions named comprizo all the pay ments I have ever made. It is true that I have purchased tax titles,-but in doing so I have not exceeded fair dealing, nor ever taken any undue advantage; and this is well known to those who have been engaged in misrepresenting me.1 " As before slated, that I have purchased Tax Titles I do not deny, but in making purchases, it has always been m'y object to t void bidding upon any lands belonging to citizens of Putnam county. I have, it is true in a few instances, purchased the laffds" of citizens of the couniy in consequence or the lands not standing on the Tax Duplicate In tho real owners' names; and also, at the time not being generally acquainted in the couniy. This disclaimer would not at this tune be obtruded On the public, but that I have heard that these injurious statements have been' made against hie by men who from their position" ordinarily command credit. JAIVICO II. VAlJb. Kalida, Nov. 11, 1845. A Goon Gurrenoy. We learn frbm an in dividual,- in whose veracity and means of in formation we have the utmost cohdence , that the Wooatcr Bank is paying out at its coun ter, the depreciated paper of tho Allenfown (Pa.) Bank, instead of its own. This is the way our Ulno Banks turmsh a good cttrren- cr, is ill wo have seen it stated tnai mo Bank of Dayton, Ohio, had made an exchange with one of tho branches of the State Bank of Indiana the Ohio bank to pay out the In diana paper, and the Indiana bank to pay out tho Ohio paper. Will the people tolerate suCh frauds? We were told that we wanted banksor the express purpose of expelling the worthless paptr of the foreign banks, and well are those swindling shops snswering the ends for which they obtained their great priv ileges. It will be recollected that th"G Woos ter concern paid out a large amount of the paper of the bank of Steubenville, just before that currency factory exploded. But in spite of all, it obtained a re charter with greater power for evil than it possessed before. Stark Co, Democrat. Tufa Constitutional Currency! the way it works. Hamilto'n, Columbla'mt and Knox, the most radical democratic counties,1 (excepting the tiorth-'wesl)in Ohio; have done better in proportion to their strength," than" any other portions of the State. Wherever there has been much corruption,-Aat is, iriany tofts, ihe democracy have either been de feated, or their yote greatly reduced. Long live the radicals! iV. Verndn Banner. Postmasters. We aro desired to call the attention ofpostmas'ters'to regulation No. 549, which provides for the convenient transmis sion of money from subscribers to editors of newspapers. It is the duty ol postmnstersio receive the money from a subscriber, and give him a receipt for it. It is Ihe duty of the post master receiving tho money to give notice to the postmaster who has it to pny, of the am ount received, and for what editor, and mark the letter "official buis:iiess,'r and sign his name to it. The postmaster receiving tho notification will pay the receipt when pteseu tcd. The subscriber who gets the receipt, may send it by mail or otherwise to the editor. The new law prohibits postmasters from en closing and franking money to editors. The reasons of the rule is obvious': A large pro portion of the money heretofore lost in being transmitted thro.ugh the mails, is money scut to editors and iranked by postmasters, ihe frank of a postmaster upon the letter addres sed to an editor; is notice to everybody who handles the letter that it contains money. I his ml)!, when understood, insures the payment of the moiley, without discount to editors, and avoids depredations upon the post office; Union. The Climax. At the conclusion of the American Revolution, Dr. Franklin, the Eng lish Ambassador, and the French Minister Vergennes, dinning together at Versailles, a toast from each was called for and agreed to. The British minister began with " George 3d, who, like the sun in its meridian, spreads a lustre throughout and enlightens the world." Tho French Minister followed with "Tho illustrious Louis' lGth, who, like the noon, sheds its benignant rays on and influences' the globe." Our American Franklin then gave " George Washington, commander of the American army, who, like Joshua ot old, commanded the snn and moon to stand still, and they obeyed him." Mr. Cowen tells the people that the banks paid $74,000 taxes lo the state, some years ago, and then they dwindled down to $14, 000. Why does he not inform the people of the losses sustained by the Utbana, (Van ce's) bank, Gallipolis, Scioto, Canton, Gran ville, Lancaster, Miami Exporting, and a dozen of others, which swindled the people out of $2,000,000? And Mr. Cowen claims that nil this arises from a high state of civili zation. Wonderful statesman? Thus we are sought, that the people may receive $74,- 000 into their state treasury, provided they grant the privilege of being robbed to the amount of many millions of dollars! St. Clairsville Gazette. We leartl by Way of a person from Indi- ananoi.s that it is very probable in tact that it is reduced almost to a certainly that the publication of the Iiidiana Democrat will not be commenced. This much is certain: the fiscal partner S. F. Covinoton, Esq. has withdrawn from the enterprise, and taken charge of the Madison Courier. Thus is one firebrand extinguished, and we hope lhal a like fate may await all similar attempts to sow discord in the democratic ranks. De mocratic Pharos. A Fracas on the Miami Canal. About day light on Monday last, says the Atlas of yesterday, there was a regular fight between the hands of the Canal Packet boat Banner, and the freight boat Empire, at Miamisi burgh. The Banner claimed the first en trance into the lock, which it is said she was entitled to under the statute of the State, which gives packet boals the preference, if within two hundred yards ot treight boats. The hands of the Empire (five in number) stripped for a fight, and the Captain brought out a gun; when the Uaptain and two hands of the Banner met them, and gave the whole five a seveie whipping. Warrants were taken out against the men of the Banner, at Miamisburgh, before a Jus lice of the Peace, and they were fined forty dollars for an assault and battery, which .they paid, and left the same morning. 'OAto Union; Washington Oct. 11th. It is now a matter of certainty that the course of the President and of the secretary of the Treasury, in regard to the Tariff, will be such as will give entire satisfaction of the advocates of free trade; Their recommenda tions will go to tho full extent of the proposi tions laid down by Mr.McDuffie in his late let ter. The minimum principle and the specif ic duties are doomed to utler extinction. The message of the President nnd Sscretary's An nual Report will settle this matter, so far as they and their influence are concerned. The question is, what will Congress dot ihe Democratic Party have a majority ot sixty in the House, and six in the Senate large en ough for all practicable purposes. If we con sider how difficult it was to get the Tariff of 1842 through Congress, notwithstanding the exhausted condition of the Treasury and the low state of public credit, Which' seemed to demand it, it may n6t b;a .thought very strange that an early opportunity should be taken to revise it. It is well known that the Tariff Act could not have passed, but for the imminent danger in which the government was believed to stand lor want ot necessary supplies. ,Many belioved that no law exist ed for the collecton of duties; after the expi ration .of the compromise act.1 It wa a matter of necessity to pass the bill in the form which it finally assumed, for therq was no time to perfect it. That the act was not modified at subsequent sessions, was owing only to two reasons, viz: a willingness that the principle and policy should be adequately tested, and an aversion to legislation on tho subject while tlfs country was on the eve of a Presidential election o reason how exists! for further delay. I antperfectiy confident from all that I have observed, that the Democratic party, as a party aided by some of the southern whigs, wilt unite in a very thorough and essential mod i heat ion and reduction ot tbe present Tariff. The interests which are protected by the Tariff, ought not to seek now for per manent and natural system. Compelion,un der the present syslem, will soon work their ruin very effectually, while, tinder a modified system, they might enjoy permanent auvau laircs. Pio'fits would be reduced by the pro posed change, nnd so will they bo by ihe ru innus compctitioi which extravagant profiii have excited iu tho cotton aud iron busiuess The sugar interests, it is now believed wilt submit lo a reduction. An increaso of con- sumpliotT might roirow ir, ana on unmimcij as beneficial to them as tho present high du-., ly. Correspondence of the -V. Y. Journal of Commerce, fcVHon. Wm. Medill, of this stale, has been promote J from the office of Second As sistant Postmaster General, to that of Com missioner of Itidiau Affairs, made vacant by the appointment Mr. Crawford to a seat on the bench of the District of Columbia. This is an excellent selection, as Mr. Mepill has all the qualities of industry, integrity, and sagacity, so ncccssnry. irr me person wuu fills the place to which he has been appointed. The manner, in which he will dischargo tho duties of his .new station, will prove as well his fitness for it, as the good sense oftuo re sident in selecting him to fill it. Mr. Medill is succeeded by Mr. isnowrr, of Iudiana, an appointment for which we pre dict much popularity, as Mr. Brown is tho roughly qualified for the place. Ohio States man. Phrenology This science has at last gained admission into a University. In Glasgow, the Andersoninn University, regu larly chartered and teaching twelve hun dred student, has instituted a Lectureship on Phrenology. Advertisements aro pub lished for a prolessor. ioc. I'osl. Age, which tnmes all other possions, novrr subdues the passion for dress in son e fe males. Gav costume for advancod i to is like "flowers wreathed round decay." Splendid jewelry on parchment necks, is Worse than pun cut upon a tombstone. A Present to a President. President Polk has been presented by a lady with beautiful quill from the wing of an American eagle. The quill was dropped from au eagl while passing over the farm of the dunor'n husband, on the very day on which the Clay Convention assembled in York, and was' de signed as a present to Mr. Clay at his inau guration; but, as that event has not occurred, the wife has made a dihorcnt disposition of tho feathered instrument. N. Y. Eve; Post. Glad of it. Two " bolters" ran in Co luniWana county, at the la'.e election, one for Sheriff, another for Treasurer. Both fiavo. been badly beaten. The democratic Sheriff elect obtained 637 majority over his compe titor, Jhfl Treasurer elect has also a majori ty 499 over his " boiling" opponent.' We rejoico at s uch a result more than we would if tho defeated candidates had been bitter federalists. Such treatment of "bol ters," we thiuk, ought to make "bolting" unfashionable iu democratic Columbiana hereafter! American Union. A popular hurricane that would sweep' from the face of the earth the well dressed paupers who live in luxury and idleness, without ever having earned a dollar in their lives a political eatthauake that would enoiiJnh the whole of onr paper money ShoW would be the richest blessing that could be bestowed upon this favored land. The character of the Romanist priest, Rev. Romain Weinzoepiilin who was pardoned out of the penitentiary by Gov. Wwtcokb last spring, on the representations and peli tions of a large number of tho most respect able Protestant citizens in the section of country where the crime for which he was' punished was said to have been committed, apd where Jhe was convicted has beeneu- i ely cleared trom the tout charges wtucrr many honest persons continued to believe, even after his pardon; The prime agent in the Hell'sh scheme to rum the reputation of an innocent man, which came so near suc ceeding, acknowledged tho mailer to some friends in Missouri, who immediately mado his statements known to the Priest's friends in this State. It is truly gratifying to sae an' innocent but slandered man once more per mitted to take his proper, position, in the eyes of community. Logansport PharoSi Goodness. Let the misanthrope grumble as he will, there is many a spot to Cheer tho path of life. An incident, trifling in itself. but charmingly illustrative of benevolence and virtue, passed under our window last Monday. A little girl was crying along fhe pivemonr, overburdened by two baskets of chips. "What is the matter, child V said a love ly young lady,; in tho kindest accents. - "They ate so neavy," repuea ins gin, set ting down the load. "Tell mo .where you live, and let me carry one for you." She would not tell her residence. "Well, my little friend do you take one basket home,' arid I will stay here and guard the other till you return for it." With a bright smile, away tugged tho tiny porteress, and there stood the benevolent la dy, th'e'da'tighter of one Whose name is an hon or to tho city, whose high sense of duty, and whose unyielding integrity, the lhancellor- ship of the Exchequer could not move, "for modern degeneracy had not reachod him. TitA t.mi la irAnaiirn oi tn nnn iiiav Aim billlU 1UUI1U IICI tiuaaiuw suivj uuu uiu charming lady, (God bless her!) stepped light ly on her way, her hear! swelling wilh emo tions that the wisest and the blest might en vy. She did a simple deed, "and blushed- te find it fame." U, S, Gazette, TEMPERANCE MEETING. . The Putnam County Temperance Association' will meet it the eahool bouse in Kalida.on Tnesdsy evening tbe U th iust. Several tddrevsei mey W expected. Gxoiat Sxihser, Secretary, tctober 4, 1845. .,