" T H E
A JL I B A V E N T U
Equal Laws -Equal Rights, and Equal Burdens The Constitution and its Currency.
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VOL. V. NO 40.
KALIDA, PUTNAM COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1815.
p ; ; FASHIONABLE
; .job EiPiiiT iixroci. E, .
RESPECTFULLY informs the citizen, of KalWa .and
the itirroundin country that he curies on the bu i
neu TAILORING in nil its branches. He tegularl
Hve. plato, of the LATEST 'JAUUOtn from Ph.f
adelphia, and la prepared to fulfil all ordera in his line of
Su.lne In ataateful and workmanlike manner.
HCUTT1NO done to order on the 'Vwieri
-tiialtthe times BHhop next htmss abovs T. '
tor. Kallda, July 8, J845. ;
j ' . . DOCTOR P. L. COLE,
,T ;,: Physician $ Surgeon,
kalida, Putnam co., Ohio. Office in the building
' formerly occupied by Mr. Thntchor, as the
.American Hotel. April 18, 1845.
THE subscriber has purchased tha
old stand, in the brick building
directly opposite the Court-House, in
I Kalida, rutnam county, -mu, mvuiu
hlv known ni " Rislev's ExchanffO."
. He respectfully solicits the patronage of the pub
lie and in return, ho will spare no pains to se
cure the comfort and convenience of his guests,
who will find at the Exchange every accommo
dation usually ound at hotels in this sedtion of
he state. S.' E. HGLIBAUGH.
Kalida, Aug. 36, 184S. " 235cb
THE subscriberhas established a Land Agen
cy at Kalida, Ohio, for the purchase and sal
cy Real Estate, payment of Taxas, &c, in the
Counties of Putnam, Paulding and Van Wert.
' Being connected with the American Associated
Agency, which extends throughout the United
States and the principal States of Europe; h
expects to be of essential benefit to all who may
ngage his services. . GEO. SKINNER.
Kalida, Ohio, Feb. ?4, 1844.
S. E. HOLIBAUGH,
; Boot and Shoe Maker.
AS juBt received a first rate stock of Leath
er from Cincinnati.
rlvmnJn wnrk conntantlv on hand.
Kalida, July 15, 1845. ' 220b
DOCTOR SOLOMON M. SHAFFER,
Physician Sf Surgeon,
LATE of PennsyWania,but more recently from
Rochester, Ohio,haslocated himself at Rock
port, Putnam county, Ohio, and tenders to the
public his professional services. Feb., M4.
JAiMES i. HALY, T
. Attorney and Counsellor nt Law.
f May 23, 1845.
SADDLE &, HARNESS MAKER, Kalida,
Putnam county, Ohio. Orders promptly exe
' cuted Saddles, &c, constantly on hand.
LANDS FOR SALE
IN PUTNAM COUNTY.
WEST half of North East quarter of Section 28, Towa
1 South, Ilange Six East, 80 acres.
West half of South west quarter of Section 29, Town 1
South Range Eight East, 80 acres.
North west quarter, and west half of South East quarter,
and North East quarter of South East quarter, and west
half of South west quarter of Section 7, Town 1 North,
Range Six East, 302 acres.
North East quarter of Section 7, Town 1 North, Ilange
Sir Ensl. 160 acres.
These lands will be sold low for cash ; or for one quarter
cash and the balance In one, two, ana tnree years, with in
terest, and those having no money, can pay by clearing
land in tms lownsiup. a. r. tuuiiu u,
Hicksviile, Defiance C. O.l- y Agtnt.
June 1, 1845. t fcaxaeow
' Samuel 9. Hankins,
Th Commissioners Of Paulding County,
l.vnn Btarllns. Elias Shirlev. John Hudson,
Hannah Bowyer, James Fisher, Eliznbelh I PAULDING
Van Home, William A. Van Home, Clans- COMMON
a Van Home, Elizabeth Van Home, jr., I PLEAS.
Mary Van Home, Catharine Van Home,
Dcmas Adams, Jr., Sophia Adams, Susan
Adamr, Harriet French, and French,
liir linahAnd. . . . .
The non-reBident defendants to this suit are hereby noli
fled that the said complainant on the 14th day of Aucust
' ' 1614, filed liis bill in the court of common pleas of Paulding
county, stating that Benjamin F. Holliater, Ellas Shirley,
Thomas B. Van Home, Juines Fisher, on behalf of Hannah
Dawver. unci Jacob Dewees on behalf of Lyne Btnrlins exe-
mteii certain bonds to the State of Ohio, conditioned for
the donating of certain lands to the use of said county of
Paulding for the erection of public buildings in tlio event of
me Seal OI JUHHCO living iucbku ui iiutnun ill auiu I uuiuiugg
aounty, that said seat of Justice was accordingly located at
aid Charloe and that the said bonds together with all equi
ty pertaining thereto were transferred to said complainant
ny Bald commissioners lor me uunu ing ui n court uousu una
Jail for said county and that eoniplninont built said jail and
court uouso according to said contract and that the said
Thomas B-. Van Home denarted this life leaving the said
4?' Elizabeth Van Home, his widow, and William A; Van
Home, Clarissa Van Home, Elizabeth Van Home, Jr. Mary
Van Hnrne. Cntherine Van Home, Demas Adams. Jr. So
phia Adams, Susan Adams, Harriet French, and French,
tier nUSuana, Ills ucuo ui ihw nuu nuiu mil firuys uie
Ronrt to nerfect title in the said complainant for said land,
the same lying in said Paulding county. Now, therefore, if
- the said defendants shall not appear before snid Court at the
next term and answer said bill the same will be taken as
confessed against mem.
oniessea A. J. TAYLOR, Clerk.
October 25, 1845. 845 fiv
CorrmacRV, Boh for complainant.
STRAYED from the rosidonce of the sub-
JOJ senber, in ferry township, rutnam county,
n Tuesday. 14th of October, a small sorrel horse.
14 hands highhind parts intermixed with white
hair fore feet incline outwaniB 10 of 12 years
" Also, a bay horse star in the forehead hind
and fore feet on tho leftside are white tbout 154
or 16 hands high a little affected with the spring
halt 10 or 12 years old.
Whoever will return said horses, or either of
them, to the subscriber, or etve anv information
where they can be found, shall be handsomely
" .: STEPHEN WHITE. 1
Perry tp,, Putnam co., 0. ...
October 28th, 1345. 244t
: : NOTICE
IS hereby given to the inhabitants of Putnam
county, Ohio, that ' a petition will be
presented to the commissioners of Putnam County
et their next session on the first Monday in De
cember, boing the first day of said month, 1845, at
the court house in Kalida in said county, praying
far to lay out a county road beginning on the FinrT
lay, Gilboa and Miami free turnpike on the half
action line in section twenty nine, township one,
north range seven east, thence south on said half
section line, through said section twenty-nine and
thirty-two and a part of section eight in pleasant
township on the half section line as aforesaid to
intersect the Riley Creek road in said Pleasant
township it (
-i' Oct.b28,A D .1845 ;
. ORIGIN OF MAN.
We take from our scrap book the following
exquisite and beautiful stanzas, said to be from
pen of the celebrated orator and statosman, Sher
idan. Though no novelty, they will not fail to
interest whoever gives them a perusal. .
Affliction one dav as she harked to the roar
Of the stormy and struggling billow,
Drew a beautiful form on the sands of the shore,
With the stem of a weepinff willow.
Jupiter struck with the noble plan,
As he roamed ou the verse ot the ocean,
Breathed on the figure, and calling it man,
Endowed it with lite and motion.
A creature so glorious in mind and in frame
nostamp'd with each parent impression
Among them a point of contention became,
Etich clnimins a rirht of possession.
"He is mine," said Affliction, "I gave him his birth,
I alono am the cause oi creation."
The materials were furnished by me," answered
" T gave him," said Jove, " animation."
The gods all assomblcd in solemn divan,
After henrine each claimant's petition,
Pronounced a definite sentence on man,
And thus settled his lute's disposition:
"Let Affliction possess her own child, till the woes
Ut lite cease to harass and goad it,
After death give his body to Earth whence itrose,
And his spirit to mm who bestowed it."
WHEN COLDNESS WRAPS THIS SUFFER
from byron's Hebrew melodies.
When coldness wraps this suffering clay.
Ah, whither strays the immortal mind?
It cannot die, it cannot stay,
But leaves its darkened dust behind.
Then, unembodied, doth it trace
By steps each planet's heavenly way?
Or fill at onco tho realms of space,
A thing of eyes that all survey ?
Eternal, boundless, undecayed,
A thought unseen, but seeing all,
All, all in earth, or pkies displny'd,
Shall it survey, shall it recall :
Each fainter trace that memory holds
So darkly of departed years.
In one broad glance the soul beholds,
And all, that was, at once appears.
Before creation peopled earth,
Its eye shnll roll through chaos back.
And where tho furthest heaven had birth,
The spirit trace its rising track.
And where the future mars or makes,
Its glance dilate o'er all to be,
While sun is quenched or system breaks,
Fix'd in its own eternity.
Above, or Love, Hope, Hate or Fear,
It lives all passionless and pure :
An age shall fleet like earthly year;
Its years as moments shall endure.
Away, away, without a wing.
O'er all, through all, its thoughts shall fly;
A nameless and eternal thing.
Forgetting what it was to die.
THE WIFH OF LAFAYETTE.
The faithful and devoted wife of General
Lafayette was daughter of the illustrious
house of JNoailles. one was married at the
early age of seventeen, and scarcely had the
honeymoon glided happily away, when her
youthful husband left her side to fight for
American independence. During his ab
sence, Madame Lafayette ruled her house
hold and numerous estate with wisdom mid
prudence faribeyond her years. At length
her husband whom she loved so dearlv, and
of whom she was so justly fond, returned,
covered with glory, to lay his laurels at her
feet. Some few happy davs were spent to
gethcr, and then the storm cloud of the French
revolution broke over their heads. Her hus
band was soon driven into exile, but it was
thought that Madame Lafayette, living quiet
ly and in retirement on her estate in Auver
genc, ran no danger. But her love of liber
ty, her high rank, her talents, made her an
object of suspicion. She was arrested on the
10th of August, and soon after sent to Paris.
Her mother, grand-mother, and sister-in-law,
all perished on the same scallold. Madame
Lafayetle herself was in daily expectation of
death : she made her will, and waited calmly
and resolutely for the summons to the guill
otine. The revolution of the 9th Thermidor
preceded by five days that appointed for her
execution. As soon as she was liberated,
she sent her only son, then in his childhood,
to the care of Gen. Washington, after whom
he had been named; and then hastened with
her two daughters to find her unfortunate
husband then languishing in Rn Austrian
prison: She reached Vienna by means of an
American passport, obtained an audienco of
the Emperor, and solicited either the release
of her husband or permission to share his
captivity. "As to the release of General La
fayette," replied the Emperor, " it is a very
complicated piece of business: on that point
my hands are tied."
Madame Lafayette joyfully embraced the
other alternative that of sharing her hus
band's gloomy prison, sixteen months' close
imprisonment in France, the loss of all her
kindred, and her contiual anxiety respecting
her husband, had combined to Sheet her
health, which declined so rapidly in her
damp prison ol Ulmutz, that serious appre
hensions were entertained forher life. Fee
ling the importance of her life to her family
she wrote to the Emperor for his permission
io spend a week in Vienna for change of air,
and for the purpose of consulting a physi
cian. Her letter remained two months un
answered, and then came an imperial man
date, forbidding her ever to appear in Vien-
ua, but offering her ireedom on -condition
that she would never seek to return to her
husband's prison. Madame de Lafayette's no
ble and touching answer to this inhumau pro
position, fortunately for posterity, remains
on record. It was as follows :
"I owecttt-to my family and my friends,
to make some eUurt.4'pr the preservation of
my life, but they Knew me too well to sup.
pose, tor an instant tr.at I would accept it at
such a price: . I cannot forget that when we
were on the eve of perishing, my husband, by
his physical and mental sufferings in Austria,
and I by the tyranny of Robespierre in France,!
was not allowed to receive any communication
from, him, nor to inform him in return that
his wife and children were in existence; and
I will never, of my own frco will, expose
myself to the agony of a seporation from him
again. However unsuitable this residenco
may bo to my daughter, and however unfa
vorable to my health, we will gladly avail
ourselves of his Imperial Majesty's gooduess
in allowing us to rema.n here, and will never
trouble him with any more petitions."
1' rom that lime Aladame do Lafayette
made no further efforts, but bore her suffer
ings firmly and patiently until the victories of
the French Kepublic, changed tho aspect of
arlairs. ucneral Latuyctle was restored to
freedom, and with his devoted wife returned
to his native country, and fixed his residence
at La Giango tho maternal inheritance of
his wife an estate situated about twelvo
leagues from Paris. Here Madame do La
fayette spent the remainder of her short lifo
in the bosom of her family, and in the prac
tice of every Christian virtue. But the poi
soned arrow ot griet and anxiety had drank
her life blood, and after many lingering
months of suffering, this humble christian,
this affectionate mother and heroic wife clo
sed her pure and exemplary life on the 24th
Decomber, 1806. Posterity has covered the
name of General Lafayette with glory, but
surely the patient endurance, and selt-sacrih
cing devotion of his noble wife, deserves an
equal meed ot praise.
THE RUSSIAN SERFS THEIR CON.
DITION THEIR NUMBER.
In a work recently published, entitled tho
White Slave, a full idea can be gathered of
tho serf system, which prevades the Russian
empire. Th number of beings embraced
within its folds, is not less than forty-three
millions of soul3. The Emperor himself, is
the proprietor of twenty-one millions or, in
other words, he owns more slaves than we
have people in the twenty-eight states of our
Union. One can thus imagine the collossal
personal power of such a monarch. He is
undoubtedly the most extensive possessor of
serfs of any despot that ever existed Genghis
Khan or Tamerlane, would not compare'yith
Nicholas. It is JHso said that he is continual
ly augmenting this vast number by confisca
tions, and by forclosing mortgages on money
loaned, or a fine exacted on the estates of his
nobility, In this way, if his successors
steadily pursue the same policy, they may
monopolize nearly all the serfs in that vast
empire. Since the days of Peter the Great,
the accumulation of serfs on the imperial
domaiu.has gone on in an extraordinary ratio,
The number has advanced from two or three
millions, to twenty-one millions. In this
connection it is proper to state, that though
the Emperor is nominally a despot over every
soul in Russia, both serf and master, embrac
ing an aggregate of sixty millions, yet he is
restrained by certain laws and usages, from
treating all as serfs. His twenty millions
are peculiarly the chattels of his will, with
all ot whom he can do as his pleasure or
caprice may dictate.
It has frequently been stated that the ser
fage of Russia was different from the slavery
of the South, in that the serf could only be
transferred with the soil, and that therefore
you- could not buy the one without being en
cumbered by tho other, which to a certain
extent was a clog to tho selling of human be
ings; but this is not so. Though the law is,
" that no sert could he sold without tho estate
to which he belonged," this is evaded by
selling land in the desert wasters of Russia,
which is not leally worth a penny an acre,
and " attaching," as they call it, the serf or
serfs to this " newly carved estate," and thus
the sale would be legal.
It is also said that the Emperor punishes,
with the greatest severity, all infractions of
the regulations which he was established for
the benefit of the serf, but most strangely
these punishments do not lead to the en
franchisement of the serf. Not in the least.
The Emperor puts a ronnd fine on tho of
fender, and if he cannot pay, he then con
fiscates the estate and brings it within the
imperial domain, and thus adds to the num
ber of his own serfs. This circumstance
shows that the very laws which he is alleged
to have made tor their eventual enfranchise
ment, but transfers the slaves from the hands
of the nobility to those of tho Emperor.
This, in our opinion, docs not weaken the
serf system ot Russia, though it may mod
ify the severity with which he suffers on the
estates ot the nobility. .
The serfs of Russia arc supposed (though
this tradition is disputed) to be the descen
dants of Surr, who founded the Syrian em
pire of Ninevah. After its overthrow, his
descendants spread to the West, into modern
Russia and Poland, where they increased and
multiplied. But then incursion upon incurs
ion came upon them like an avalanche.
The Scythian, the Goth, th Hun, the Mogul,
and finally the Tartar) swept over that vast
region of Eastern Europe, still keeping the
original inhabitants, who are probably called
Slavi or Slavodiae, (from which the name
slave seems clearly derived) in bondage,
where they continue at this day, even after
a lapse of two thousand years.
This is certainly a more remarkable con
tinuation of serfdom in one race than has
e listed even in Africa. Yet notwithstanding
their Ions anes of mental, moral and physical
degradation and despair, tho Russian Serf
has a capacity which shows that ho is still of
tho white lace. I hoiigli stupid, lie can
rearm Travellers say that he is remarkably
ingenious in manufactures, though too versa
tile in character to compete with the more
steady industry of the English and Germans.
He makes a superior soldier, for his courago
and nerve are as undaunted as the iron which
he is wielding. His endurance of heat and
cold, his blind obedience, his abstemiousness
of living, when necessary, show a character
encrusted with tho darkness of despotism, but
still as worthy and fit to be freemen, as the
masters who lord it over him so cruelly. It
has been sunnosed that in our day we should
live to see the enfranchisement of the serfs
of the Russian empire. Wo fear this will
not be. Tho dawning eveu is not visible.
The Russian Autocrat is too deeply inter
ested in its continuance to induce liim to
adopt any but palliative mensureS. He will
not strike at tho root, by enfranchising the
serfs on tho imperial domain. Not only the
large, but increasing number on his estates,
is calculated to harden and slrengthen the
natural passions of avarice and personal pow
er. This very increase also binds still tighter
the sinews ot Ins monarchy, and thus tosters
both the strong passions of personal and poll
tical ambition. As able, statesman-like and
benevolent as Nicholas is said to be, it would
require virtue, almost more than mortal, to
induce him voluntarily to divest himself of a
power which renders him so terribly great.
not only in his own empire, but throughout
the world. Albany Argus.
Strange origins. An exchange paper
under this title publishes the following.
"Moses was a shepherd ; Noih was a farmer;
Confucius a carpenter ; Mahomet an ass driver;
Mehemet An a barber; the actual Emperor
of Morocco, a picture dealer; Beruadotte, a
surgeon in the garrison of Martinique, at the
time ot the invasion ot the Lnglisli; Madame
Bernadotte, a washer woman of Paris; Napo
leon, who descended from an obscure Corsi
can family, was only a major when he espou
sed Josephine, daughter of a Tobacco mer
chant, Creole of Martinique; Franklin was a
printer; President Boyor, a mulatto barber;
President Tyler, a militia captain; Oliver
Cromwell, a brewer; President Polk a tavern
keeper; tho stepfather of Isabella, Queen of
Spam, the husband of Christiana, and the
brother-in-law of the Ling of Naples, was a
waiter in a coffee-house ; General Esparetero
was a slave of St. Kitt; the present President
of Hayti was also a slave; Bolivar, an apoth
ecary; Gen. Paax, a cow driver; Vasco de
Gama, a sailor; Columbus, a sailor; Louis
Phillipe, a schoolmaster in Switzerland, at
Boston, and at Havana; Catharine, Empress
of Russia, a girl attached to a regiment; the
present governor of Maderia, a tailor; the
Minister of Finances of Portugal, a wine
The food of man. "The Genessee Farmer
gives this brief summary of tho nativo coun
tries of our most familiar plants:
" I he potatoe is a native of bouth America;
and is still found wild in Chili, Pe:u and
Monte Video; in its native state, the root is
small and bitter. The first mention of it by
European writers, is in 1558. It is now
spread over tho world. Wheat and rye ori
ginated in Tartary and Siberia, where they
are still indigenous. The only country
where the oat is found wild is in Abyssinia,
and thence may be considered a native.-
Maize, or Indian corn, is a native of Mexico,
and was unknown in Europe, until the dis
coveries of Columbus. The bread fruit
tree is a native of the South Sea Islands,
particularly Otaheite. Tea is found a native
nowhere except in China and Japan, from
which countries the world is supplied. The
cocoa nut is a nativo of most equinoctial
countries, and is one of the most valuable
trees; as food, clothing and shelter are af
forded by it. Coffee is s native of Arabia
Felix, but is now spread in both the East
and West Indies. The best coffee is brought
from Mocha, in Arabia, whence about four
teen millions are annually exported. St.
Domingo furnishes from sixty to seventy
millions of lbs. yearly. All the varieties of
the apple are derived from the crab apple,
which is found in most parts of the world.
" The peach is a native of Persia, where
it still grows in a native state, small, bitter,
and with poisonous qualities. Tobacco is a
native of Mexico and South America, and
lately one species has been found in New
Holland. Tobacco was first introduced into
England from North Carolina, in 1586, by
Wallet Raleigh. Asparagus . was brought
from Asia; cabbage and lettuce from Hol
land; horse radish from Chili; rice from
Ethiopia; onions and garlic are. natives of
various places both in Asia and Africa. The
sugar cane is a native of China, and from
thence is derived the art of making sugar
Out on the world ! from the flower V : ,
It shuts out the sunshine of truth; '
It blights the green leaves in the bowers,
It makes an old age of our youth i
And the flow of our feelings, onoe in it,
Like a streamlet beginning to freeze,
Though it cannot turn ice in a minute,
Grows harder by sudden degrees. Praed.
Appointment m the Presipent. James
Clarke as Governor of the territory of Iowa,
in the placo of John Chambers, removed.
GENERAL "JACKSON'i i!
,.. Frett the FliiladelplinDailr Keystone. r4
A widow lady in rather straitened circum
stances, had been keeping a boarding housp
for some years in that city, and during the
general prostration of KCtivo Dusmess,'growing
out of tho currency derangements ot tnaiaan
had got in arrears, and to pay soma, pi, Jier
urgent debts, sent such of her , furniture as
she could possibly spore, o auction. ' Tho
purchaser was a clerk in owo or 'the' govern
mentofliccs; one of those rniblnS loafisrd' of
which there has always been too . fnany at .
Washington and elsewhere, who run in debt
as far as they can obtain credit,'and without
ever intending to pay. ; Tho lady called on
the auctioneer, a respectable man' named
Mauro, we believe-'. He called on the official,
who pioposed to pay as soon as his month's
salary was due. The month, rolled round,
and June succeeded March, and September "
June, without payment being made to the
great distress of the widow and uneasiness of
ihefauctioneer. And after further appUca
tion, the office-holderrefused absolutely to
do anything, alleging it but of his power to
pay. The sum was loo largo for the auc
tioneer to spare out of his own pocket, or he
would have paid it himself, so deep did ho
foel for .the poor creditor. In this perplexity,
he concluded to call upon the President and
state the case, hoping lio would suggest
some relief. ; Ho writed, therefore, on Gen
eral Jackson with his narrative.; r-iy.t -jrjt
The. old man's eyes flushed fire, , ff Have"
you Mr. P 's note t" be inquired. " No."
was the reply. " Call on trim' thenj ' and
without speaking of the purpose for which
you want it, get his negotiable note and
bring it here," .. - ;1, . ;,. ,;.
The auctioneer , asked P - far ; hi
note. " What do you want with the note;
I don't know any body who would take it!"
remarked the debtor, adding, however, as he
sat down to write "there it ia.". Mauro
returned to the President, handing him the
note, who without saying a word, sat down
and wrote on the back of the paper " Andrew
Jackson." " Now said the General, " show
Mr. P the endorsement, and if he don't
pay you, let me know it." . The first man
Mauro met as he entered Gadsby's Hotel
was P " Ah '."said he," have you passed
the note?" "Not yet," said the other, " but
expect to, for I have got a first rate endorser
to iu" " NonsensB.,'.', said P ,," who is
it?" The endorsement was shown him. ., He
turned pale, begged the auctioneer to wait a
few minutes, went out, and in a short space
of time returned with thejmohey, which was
paid over to the vyidow that day, to the grati
fication of all parties. - P jiept quiet on
the subject for years, but finally on a remark
being made in his presence, that General
Jackson did not endorse for any bodyjwhat
ever, remarked he knew, better, for the Ge
neral had endorsed once for him, and pro
duced as evidence the note, to the suprise
of all who knew not the circumstances of the
case. - ' 7
The Ewe Trees of Surry, England, stood
in the days of Julius Caesar. There is an
apple tree in Hartford, Conn., 200 years old.
A fig tree in Palestine 780 years old. An
Olive tree in Asia Minor, 850 years old.
A live Oak in Louisiana 1,000 years old. -A
Pine tree in Asia Minor 1890 years old.
A Cedar on Mount Lebanon 2120 years old.
A Chesnut on Mount Aitna (Sicily,) 2,600
years old. A Sycamore in the Bosphorus
4,000 years old.
There are no less than 900 different spe
cies of roses, and 60 of pinks.
The oak will live 600 years. . ; ; , '
fjrAll the Planets, save Mercury, are
now above the horizon at 7 o'clock P. M.
end four of them seen with the naked eye,
not to be mistaken. Jupiter in the East,
Mars in the South East, Saturn a few de
grees West and near the zenith, and Venus
in the South West. Ilerschell is at a poiut
between Jupiter and Mars, but not distin
guishable. - -
Rot in thb Potatoe. The potatoe dis
ease is very general in Erie, Sandusky and
Ottawa counties, this year. Many farmers
have lost their entire crop, and many others
tho principal part. This disease, so little
knowu a few years ago, seems to have be
come general, both in this country and in Eu
rope. An ellectual preventive would be a
desideratum to the farmer. Sandusky Dem
Extract of Col. Benton's Speech
Louis, October 10th, 1844.
"I say the man Is alive, full grown, and
is listening to what I say (without believing
it perhaps,) who will yet see the Asiatic cotn
merce traversing tho North Pacific Ocean
entering the Oregon river climbing the wes
tern slope of the Rocky Mountains issuing
from its gorges and spreading its fertilizing
streams over our wide extended Union!
The steamboat and the steam car have not
yet exausted all their wonders. They have
not yet even found theiramplestand most
appropriate theatres, the tranquil curface of
the North Pacific Ocean, and the vast in
clined plains which spread east and west from
the base of the Rocky mountains. The mag
ic boat and the flying car, are not yet seen
upon this ocean, and upon this plain, but
they will be seen there, and St, Louis is yet
to find herself as near to Canton, as she now
is to London! with a better and safer route
by land and sea to China and Japan,' than
she now has to France and Great Britain."
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