Newspaper Page Text
K. A L I B A V E N T U
' - hi : hi . . . -. :. ... - : ., ,, '" "' '.' . V..' '- 'Equal Laws Equal Rights, and Equal Burdens The Constitution and its Currency. .V, V:..", , Vol. v.-no 4i. kalida, putnam county, Ohio, Tuesday, December 2, 1815. '-r ::yimfa; MiiMBMtMMiMMtlMtMt111MM1Mtllltl11)MtM '-1 feOJIETHINCt NEW IN KALIDA. NFAV GOODS. HE subacribera have just opened an assort- '. . . 1. . ' k ' : mem 01 NEW AND CHEAP GOODS ,..w:.W ,k Jaijirmined to sell as cheap as they can ba bought any where in northern Ohio. Our store miy be found at the new stand between McClure'a and Holibaugh's taverns. Among our 'stock tnay be found, Broad Cloths, Cassimeres, Sattinetts, Kentucky Jeans, Ashland Tweeds, 1 Moleskin, English Merinoes, Cashmere de Coss, , Mousline de laine. Calicoes of every description, from 61 eehti upwards; Bleached Sheetings and Bhirtingsi Brown Muslins, from 6i cents upwards , 1 alsoahandsome variety of Plaid and Cloth Shawls Comforters, Florence Braid and English straw Bonnetsj Men'a and Boys' Caps? Boots and Shoes, n : All nfuitiiph wo are anxious to 'wll for rf ndy pay. Any quantity of Wheat, Oats, .Cloven Flax and Timothy seeds; Beeswax, Butler niDtenir, etc., tanen in excnaiigoim Bu., ...... .1,1- L ... .-,J fnr I kill. Just (Five (icnigrtcst Tnwftc jinn - - 7 - p us a call, and if wedo not sell you goods it will not the mice 01 inegooua, mu i j, ting. ; wXw. F.'CRONISE. Tkalida, Nov. 24, 1845. , " ' " ' . i J. J. ACKERMAN, ' Attorney and Counsellor at Law. .: KALIDA, PUTNAM COUNTY, OHIO,, Oflica on Main street, opposite T. R. McClttre's .Hotel.'- Kalida, June zu, iota. - , r WESTERN HOTEL, (Gilboa.) CHRISTIAN UESZ, : ... TTASpurchnsedthewell known t,v.rn ntnml in Hilbon. Put 'I nam AAll n t M. Oh IO. Itt tol V OCCUDlcd by John E. fcrcighton.and has fitted the same up foT the accommodation ttention to the wants and convenience of those who may favor him with their patronage, to merit eentinusnce of the same. Gilboa, Feb., '44. ' 0 the public. He Hopes, oy a smci BEN. METCALF, A tinmen and Counsellor at Law. H' "AVING opened an office in Kalida will u:. ..mniinn n the ordinary business f his profession, and particularly to settlemen of claims, pavmet of taies. &.c, for non-residents Jan. 10th, 1845. : 230z . KALIDA HOTEL Kalida, Ohio, fTIHE undersigned, having take the m aoove esiauiiBunivin, i. iw. pared to furnish the traveling communi I mitit RfliiAmmnftflitinni not exceeded by any other hotel in this portion of Ohio. , I . IV. itlCUljUlvr.. Kalida February 20, 1845 ; 157tf FASHIONABLE JOSEPH 11NGIU. RESPECTFULLY lnrorms the -eltlsans f Kalida and ths urronndint country that ho c.arrlM on Hie tiutl neu .f TAILORING in nil Its hrnnrhe. lie reiiulnr T . . - .... r ivriiv pacHrnirji from PI .delphla, and is prepared to fulfil nil order! in liisline of tu.lnera in a laneiui ana wuin. . mntTIKil Jara Innrikr An tint .lllirteit notice. VXWK te a ill the tunc. Shop next house aliovs T. Coulter's Mrs. Kalida, July 8, 1845. a- . . f DOCTOR P. L. COLE, , .r , , Physician Sf Surgeon,' ir-i. tj... nhin nffine in thcbuildinff i- ..n;,l h M. Thatcher, as the lUllllCJiT vvvujitvw " j I Americsn Hotel. . April 18. 1845. ' VAT. IDA F.XCHANGE. pnsrajlE subscriber has purchased the le old stand, iri the brick building i directly opposite .the Court House, in LK.aliaa, ruinain ouijt 1. 1. n . Ttiolnt;' Exchanec." He respectfully solicits the patronage of the pub licand in return, he will spare no. pains to : cur the comfort and convenience of hie guests, who will find at the Exchange evory accommo dation usually ound at hotels in ' '' BI:t'n.n of Jiestate., ' . S- E. HOLIBAUGH. . Kalfda, Aug. 26. 1845. 235pb JAMES G. IIALY, Attorney and poiinscllor nt Law. 1 Napoleon, Henry County, O. X May 23, 1845. '' : ' " ' " " ' .. 222 . SADDLE & HARNESS MAKER, Kalida, Putnam county, Ohio. Orders promptly exe cuted Saddles, &c, constantly on hand. DOCTOR SOLOMON M. SHAFFER, i - i Physician 4" Surgeon, T ATEl ofPennsylvania,but more recently from j Rochester, Ohio,haslocated himself at Rock Putnam county, Ohio, and tenders to the jublie his protessional services Feb., '44. . , S. E. HOLIBAUGH, . Boot and $hoe Maker; HAS just received a first rate stock of Leath' er front Cincinnati. Ready mao.e worn corrsianiijr u uu . 229eb ;r LAND AGENCY. .:- - mnc".,.k...!k..ii.. o.i.hlinhpd a LandAeen I . nu:A rA. ik. niirnhnM And haIb iy Real Estate, payment of Taxas, etc., tn the . tOUniieS OI UlUBHI, UUIUIII UIIU w if . Beirtg conneetod with the American Associated Agency, which extends throughout the United States and the principal States of Europe; he . . i C .. 1 1 -C. .11 wknnill eXPeCtB IO DO OI CBBGMtiat uouisiit .u " engage his services. GEO. SKINNER.-' t Kalida, OjioFeb, 1844. ; ,7lXn ds fo r s a l;e IN PUTNAM COUNTY. Y flfrEST half of North Eot quarter of Section 28 JTewa W 1 South, Range 8I East, 80 atres. , " Wert half of South west quarter of Section , Towa 1 South Banite BIM Ea. 80 acres. ' North weatquirtar, and west Imlfof South East quarter, ana :wWi3ZT.;i 1 Kwth. Jorth Enat quarter of South East quarter, and west f soiith west quarter of Section 7r Town. 1 rth, sSliEaat, 30 acres. . . . r ,, ', ... ' ' th Eiiat quarter of SettlonT, Towa 1. North, Banga MH Of North These ranas win oe soia sw lor rn.n , u -ash and ls helanee in ena, two, and three years, with In tarast. and those havini no money, can pnv y clearing UndlMhiatownalilp.. , , A. PEDOERTON, ; Hieasrllie, uenanes c, v. I . . a tlfltti iiillil till: lift Jaaa J, 181. I Uebw THE AMERICAN STAR. The following song is old, good, and abound ing in patriotism. It is truly American,' and holds the right sentiment that it is ours 'To inraid the ilnd tldlnm cf Libertv far.' even along the shores of tho broad Pacific. Come, strike the bold anthem, the war dogs are nowiing, a i ?.. .u - .1.. ce .. .t-! lucuuy muy cugunv vuuii up men pru, The red clouds of war o'er our forests are scowl ing, Si ft Peace spreads ber wings and flics weeping - . -The infants affrighted cling close to their mothers, rrL u .u: . ' i r... .u . A no juuiu iuap iiivii .nviuD, lui iuo vuiuuok pivpttio, . While beauty weeps fathers, and lovers and bro- iners, , Who rush to display the American Star. - The dread rifle seize, let the cannon deep roar; No heart with pale fear, or faint doublings be .j snaaen, . ; No slave's hostile foot leave a print on our - . shore! Shall mothers, wives, daughters, and sisters, left wcupiug, . Insulted by ruffians, be dragged to despair! Oh,- no! from her hills, the proud eagle comei sweeping. And waves to the brave, the American Star. TL. .n.i.nnUn.li!nrlnn Wnrwn . " Tniif trnmorv ill. DJI1IU.W1 MUOIUUfcll ....... e j. Look down from the clouds with bright aspect . Bsrene ; Como soldiers, a tear and a toast to their memory Rejoicing they'll see us as they once have been To us the high boon by the gods has been granted ' To spread the glad tidings of Liberty far j ' Let millions invade us, we'll, meet them un daunted, ! . . And conquer or die by the American Star. ' Your hands, then, dear comrades, round Libe'rty'i altar,. . ' . , . rTn'i.A.l tm-a .nr... tlia .mils nt tlin tirnVj. ! Not one from the strong resolution shall falter, rr I...A irwlnnntwliant n, ninlr tn tha nrnvol Then, freemen, fill up Lo! the striped banner'! lining, The high bird of liberty screams through the Beneath her oppression and tyranny dying O.. .1.. 1 A mnrnn Cln SCANDAL. . -iNow lpt It work. Mischief, thou art afoot, Take what course thou wilt." Thn nnliitnnr.n of tho followins is no fie i nn In n vill ian. whnqn inhabilants. IlKe ' ' " " ' - 7 llw nnnrl nonnln of Athenq. were much L'lveil to "either tell or hear something new," lived Kmi M ' n Mreimns. irnnd nuiureu son u a body, whose jokes are even yet a mailer of village record, nna nave noon reunu throuirh various editions, from folio down to duodecimo. ., , Aunt Lizzv was Deocon Snine's wife. g'sier - a maiden ludy of about fifiy, she went to all tho mectiiigs,!tepta regular count of every birth, dealh and marriage with their rln too ilnninrprl nil tli fir babies, and knew every arb iu the neighborhood showed all the young married people now to mane soap, and when they hnd bad luck made every rhiM in the bouse sit cross letrued until the luck changed. In fine, she was a kind of village tactotuin spent tier time in going from house to house, grinding out a gust ol . . . i ; l t... ..1 slander to eacn, ns occasion requireu, um ui- tvnva rnnrlllllrrl willl 'the waV of tllC tiailS' gressots is nara, 'poor ivir or mis. i. ia me case was) I pity her from" the bottojh of my : . . ... 1. 1, H I. heart, or eoms other very sootning r&nec- ' . . J i 0 fa linn. Aunt i.izzv was aiwavs vcrv iouao, asking strangers and others, without regar,d ..... i ,., r .i..: to time or place, "ine siate oi meir niuaj how they enjoyed their minds,' &c. 'Vln&Jj. niifwtirmq tvprn crpnninllv followed bv astfilli? ..... M J . U or scandal, wnicii was cnicuiuiuu io uusuuji ' i , e i i . iim nn.irn nun nnnn ncss oi soma oi uer ueai neighbors and tnends, out sue, iikb oiner narrators of this kind, considered such intel Infinnl mnrrlnr na either establishing herren .UU-U... ... w. . . u . utation. or ns the only mode of entertaining ..: . . i i i : the village, anil lliereuy renaering nor soci bv nirrrnalile. ' " - One warm summer's afternoon, as the Squire Was sitting near his office door, smo Imikt hid ninp A nnt I.izv was nassiiii? bv with ' 1 " J' 1 J 1 . I o great, speed, ruminating on the news of the day, when the Squire nrougnt ner suoaeniy to, as the stilors sayf.by 'what's your hurry Aunt Lizzy? walk in.' The.old lady, never wanted a second invitation, went imoiue oi- fice, and the following dialogue took place: i , 'Well, Squire P.'- I have been thinking this afternoon what a useful man you might be, if if you'd only leave off yout light con ... i i i. ., .,j i.. versatioiis, us me jjuuu uuu ouja, uu us rnmn n unrirms mnn von mii'lit be an orna ment to both church and State, as ouf minis V . '' '., '. . . '. . t ? .' ' i t 1 "J 7 " . ' t countenance I consider as the best index of 'w iv an tn mm. Ainu jizzv. a cneeriui a grateful heart,, and you know what the Bible says on that subject 'When ye fust be nnt n. iim livnrtrrif ft with h a'.irl r.niintoiiHnr.e ! ii it ua iiiu iij jiuvi i ,, j but anoint thy head, wash thy face, (aunt r ... e l r.. t. !,. l,..,ll,r LilZZy, UCgull U 1UI nui Jiuvftci uuiiuiV(i- cheif, for she was a taker of snuff,) that thou Miitiir nut iinln mpn tn fist.' ' Now, there Squire that's just what I told yc see how you have a scripter at your tongue's end! what an useful' man you might :be in your church, If you'd only' be a doer as well as a nearer ot tno worn. . tAa tn (lint mint T.'zzv. I rlnn't see that your 'professors' are a whit better than I am in private. I respect a sincere profession as rntirhna anv mnii.-hilt' 1 If niV-.piKllirrh lf one of your church whom you think a great deal of,' to know that she is no better than she should be.' , ' ' ' At the inuendoes, aunt; Lizzy's little black eyes began t twinkle; she sat down beside the bquire, in order, to speak in a low. n fnnAanrAri hftr hnnrlk Arrlilpf nvar hpr lap, and began to tap the cover of her snuff box in true stylo and all things being iu roadi riess for a rccular siege ot scauaaium mag- natum' she commenced fire. Now, Squire. I want 'o know what you mean by one of our cbu.chf I know who you mean the trollop 1 diuu'i line so many curls about her head, when she told her ex perience.' . The Squire finding curiosity was putting is boots on. had no occasion to add spnis to the heels, for the old lady had one in her head that was worth both of them. Accor- inily he bad no pence until he consented to explain what he meant by the expression in private1 tins was a dear word wtiu aunt Lizzy. Now, aunt Lizzy, will you take a Bible oath, that you will never communicate what I am about to tell you to any living being, and that you will keep it while you live as a most inviolable secret.' '" Yes, Squire, 1 declare I won't never tell nobody nothing about it as long as I breathe the breath of life; and Til take a Bible onlli ou it; there, sartin ns I live, Squire, Lefore you or any other magistrate m the whole country.; , Well, then, you know when l weut up to Boston a year ago?' Yes, yes, Squire, and 1 know wno went willi you too Suscy B. and Dolly 1. and her sister Prudence.' 'Never mind who went with me, aunt Liz zy; there was a wnoie lot oi passengers But, but.' 'None of your buls, squire out with it if folks will act so a trollop.' . 'But, aunt Lizzy, I'm afraid you'll bring me into a scrape ' I've told you over and over again, that no body never should know nothing about it, and your wife knows I don't tell tales.' Mv wife! I would not have her to know what I was going to say for the world-yWhy aunt Lizzy, it she should know it' ; Well dou't be afraid Squire, once for all, I'll take my oath that no living crittur shan't never as long as I live, know a lisp on t.' 'Well then, if you must know it. I slept with one of the likeliest of your church mem bcrs nearly half tho way up!!' Aunt Lizzy drew a long breath shut up her snutt box, and put it into her puckel muttering to herself 'The likeliest of our church niei&bers? tho't it was Susey B. likeliest! this comes of being flittered tho trollop. Well one thins I know 'the way of tho transgressor is hard: but I hope vou'il never tell no body on't Squ.re; for sartin as the world, it sucn a thing should be known, our chufen would be scattered abroad like sheep withant a shep herd.' . ' In a few moments ajint Lizzy took her de nature, rivinrr .the'; Squire 'aiioAiM caution and a sly wink, as she said good bye, let me alone tor a secret. . It was notjnaiiy'das -tefore squire P. re ceived a vety polite Mute' from Parson O. re questing i lij ni toattend a meeting of the ehurch and many of thrTparish, at the south Uonlerence ioom,it oruur to bkuiu sumc difficulties" with ontTof the members, who in &or nn her character, requested Itv . J X - ' I ' fyoftSuiiV-PHb be present. , -mo raraon, wno was a veiy wuuuj mu knew the frailty of the weak sisters, as aunt Lizzv called them, and as he was a particular fUnend ot squire 1'. requested mm m ins uuic lio say nothing of it to his wife. But the J - . - .i i - . i.: Squire took tho hint, telling his wife that there was to bo a parish meeting, requested her to be ready by 2 o'clock and he would call for her. Accordingly the hour of meeting camo the whole village flocked to the room, which could not hold half of them. All eyes were alternately on the-squire and Susey B. Mrs. P. slared, and Susey looked as though she had been crying a fortnight. The Parson, with softened tone, and in as delicate man ner as possible, stated the story about Susey B. which he observed was in every body's mouth, and which he did not himself believe a word of and Squire P. being called on to tho stand as a witness after painting in lively colors' the evils of slander, with which their village had been infested, and particu larly the church, called on aunt Lizzy in pre sence of the meeting, and the church, to come out and mttlwiacknowledgment for violating a bible oath ! Aunt Lizzy's apology was that she only told Deacon Snipe's wife on't and she took an oath, that she wouldn't never tell no body else on't. Deacon Snipe'b wife liad, it appears, sworn Roger Toothaker's sisler never to tell nobody on't and so ii went thro' the whole church, and thence through the village. The Squire then acknowledged before the meeting, that he had, as ha told aunt Lizzy, slept with a church member half the way up to Boston, and that he believed her to hi' one of the likeliest of their members, in as much as she never iiears nor retails sl-inder. All eyes were now alternately on Susey B. and Squire P's wife aunt Lizzy enjoyed a kind of diabolical triumph which the Bquire no sooner perceived then he finished his seUcnce by declaring-hat the church mem ber to whom he alluded, was his own tairfut mfp! Aunt Lizzv drew iii her head undui a huge bonnet, as a tur'le does under hit shell',' and marched away into one corner ot the room, like a dog that had beeu killing sheep. The Squire as usual, burst out iu . fit of iaiSgbter,,froin which his wife, Susan B. and even the Parson, Jould nrit refrain joining and Parsoa G. afterwards acknow- O - - i . lo scandal in the village, which all his prea ching could not have done, . , . , LETTER TO THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY ON THE EFFECT OF THE TARIFF OF 1842, On tfie Agriculture and other In terests of the West. By a Committee of the Democratic Convention of Hamil ton County, Olio. , To ROBERT I. WALKER. Secretary Treasury, United States America: The undersigned a Committee appointed hv the late Democratic Convention of this county to correspond with the Secretary of the Treasury, concerning me eueci ot me existing Tariff, on the Agricultural and other interests ot the west, suomn ine lunuwmg considerations in performance of the duty nsqidiieil them: - The Western population is engaged in fannini?. iu a fair ureater proportion, than any other section of the Union, although that is the priucipal employment of the American people. Hence the West presents as a sec tion, more prominently than any other, the characteristics of the class numerically pre dominant in the whole county. J he unu sual preponderance of agriculture in the West proceeds not so much from its extent and fertility; ai from its recent settlement; the superior individual enterprise and independ ence of farmers, having given them the first and almost exclusive possession of this groat region. These traits of rural character, in their immediute and remote consequences, identify tho opinions of the futmer with the principles of our free government as com pletely as are his interests with those of the community. The West therefore iu addition lo its common interest villi tho rest of the Union in the political and fiscal action of the Federal covernment. has, a local, sectional unrl rl:isa intnrpst in restrainins? that part of our system within its proper constitutional limits. The West from its magnitude and locality, as well as its pursuits, can expect not even its proportion ot tlic compensation afforded by Federal expenditure for contri bution to Federal revenfle. Tho aiie in which we live is characterized by the unexampled development of commerce uud industry. And to whatever nnieceneui condition of moral and iutullcil powsi this may bo owing, it results in imparting a Dortentous form and pressure to all institu- lions ot society aud modes of thought and action. Money becomes so becomes so universal an armnt as to be a contrulins one. The slave if nnrmitterl to minister to a multitude of wants becomes master. The taxing power of government, at all times an important one, becomes in our present state oi cmndiiuii essential and absorbing; a power of such for m tn render the other tunctions, ano even tho form, itself, of government almost insignificant. No part of political science is iuvesied with so much obscurity aud dispute as the principles of taxation. It is therefore with instinctive sagacity that despotism seiecis for its designs this function of government in modern limes; it being favorable lo the substitution of that fraud to which tyranny is compelled to resort wheu force is no longer tolerated. The Constitution of the United States in conferring on Congress every form of the laxinff nower. undertakes to prevent all abuso by prescribing uniformity iu tho col lection of the revenue, and specific objects for ils disbursement. The effect of such a regulation one would think would bo to se cure u preference tor tne must simple, piam and eaual mode ot taxation. Uovernment now ever has chosen the most complex, obscure and uneaual. The system of duties on im oortedcomniodities on which the Treasury relics, taxes but a part of the properly, ot but a part of the people the property and per sons both fluctuating continually in number, in amount and m proportion, ine p.openy thus taxed is not the equal or the proportional product of the states or people of capital or labor. Nor is its consumption uniform or nronortional. or even proximately so. In thus reDudiatine as the basis' of taxation the principles of equality and uniformity, Con cress must we are to presume, have been ac tuated by principles real or fancied of higher obligation than equality and uniformity. But we look in vain among the discussions upon this policy at any time since its origin for these hicher principles. One of the ob jects in preferring taxation on imports is con venience a negation ana otten an tuta tfouist of principle. But the main and avowed design was the encouiagement of domesuc manufactures a policy rather tnan a nrincinle. And thus to convenience and lo pi l cy, trivial, temporary aud partial, has principle, the eternity and universality of con venience aud policy oeen saennceu: uuu i hat nrincinle. equality and uniformity in the :iptimi of ihu predominant power of a free trovernment; The effect of tho Tariff sys tem, (even for rjvenue merely) is to aggra vate continually tho inequality with which it becins. For it beina the object and effjet of the system lo excito domestic competition t;i produce a domestic insead of ibrcigu commodity', the success of the system is attended with a continual reduction iuihe number of imported articles, on which the laxes a'ra to b levie !: t'lusccnt ixtiiijrtho tiasis of taxation, whether it operate on those who consume the imported article, or those who produce that for which it is received in eons on. the interests connected witit tne several departments of foreign trade must successively porish, add taxation continue to converge on (he remaining basis oi production and consumption, - Now the commercial in tercourse of what are called old and new countries such as Europe and America, con- :.... n 1. . (1 ,i In kn a.fliinnna rt anriflllllirai 1 for manufactured products, the direct ac tion therefore of a revenue tariff in America is hcstilo. to agriculture, by destroying the commerce by which a great mass of con sumors are supplied. Hence the foreign trade of the Union has not increased fiftj per cent in forty years, although the States have doubled, and population almost quadra- -pled with that period. And in order to main tain even the present comparatively reduced . amount of foreign commerce, agricultural products have been compelled to a reduction in prices of from forty , of eighty per cent a. decline almost as great as ,that, which has occurred in manu'actured fabrics, but not to be acceunted for like the latter, by the intro duction and wonderful improvement in ma chinery; which is not applicable extensively to agricultural products, ine encourage ment of manufactures by govtr iment, in taxation, is then accomplished by a direct discouragement of agricultuie, through a gross abuse of the fiscal political power. The ef 11 is tolerated from a nT8conc'piion ot the nature of government, concealed by an artful misapplication of terms. Government is not as many still suppose a producing, but is a distributing agent. It cannot give then un less it take. It cannot confer favor without confiscating right. Tho phrase encourage ment of domestic manufactures by govern ment, is captivating only because it discloses the benehtand conceals tne injury max reauus from the policy. Tho statement of both effects would be fatal to the measure. It would bo encouragement of domestic manu factures, by the discouragement of our agri culture, still more domestic. That any mis calculation of interest, or misconception of power, or imperfection of phraseology, or conjunction ot circumstances, or sectional and subtle selfishness, or an comDinea. should so beset and pervert the deliberations of our Government, as to secure the aaop. tion of a permanent policy to direct the fiscal action of our Federal system ugainst Agri culiure, its very life, is the most astonishing and tnoriifyriip fact in our history. Nor ia t!ie enoiraityof such a policy mitigated ma terially by its professed design. Manufac tures are not of themselves objects of desire to a Iree people or of favor for a free govern ment. They involve the necessity of a. crowded population, subject to a very arbitrary control over their comfort by a few. wealthy persons and devoted to unwholesome em ployment. Surely such establishments do not deserve political favor where land is abundant and the people free. Indeed the advocates of manufacturing policy are con scious of the inaptitude of our circumstances for such establishments, and insist on their encouragement for the purpose as they con tend of rendering us independent of other nations. Now we insist that the manufactur ing policy has the reverse of this effect. The principle agent In manufactures ii capi tal and capital is cheap and abundant only in old countries. This is the reason why we resort to such countries . for mnnufac ured goods. But if we refuse to purchase their fabrics, without possessing the principal ma terial to make them capital but must re sort to the same country for that, it is clear our dependence does not cease. Indeed it is greatly augmented. For when we resort to Europe with produce for manufactures we go as traders,' but .when we apply there for capital, it is as borrowers, a relation much more 'dependent and degrading. And if, as is the fact, we are habitually , indebted to England in our mercantile, corporate, state and federative capacities for loans, is it pot plain that the effect of promoting by, law a( branch of business whose principal agent is capital, the very thing we don't possess, is to increase or prolong our dependence for credit, on foreign states; either by increasing the number of loans to meet the wants of the protected business; or: by diverting capital into it, from other employments, render them dependent abroad for new supplies, or the continuance of old ones. It is clear that tho people among whom capital is dear will re main the debtors of those among whom it is., cheap: that to urge the former into business requiring capital more than any thingelse, is to extend this relation, whilst the employ ment of resources peculiar to themselves as in our case, is the best policy to accumulate), native capital until it equals foreign. The nation 1 hat exchanges the products of. agri cultural for those of manufacturing labor, is the most independent and powerful; for the former are more iudispensible than the latter. , But the people dependent on another for cap ital or credit are slaves to the will or tha' whims of their creditors. .''There is another and kindred effect of a ' tariff also to be deplored. The duties are' paid lo the government in larga sums", by the importer, who thus performs tno functions of ; a firmer general of the revenuewiih this disastrous difference the, farmer general. proper is limited by liw in h's demand, on t'.io tax payer: but the importer charges tha consumer fur advancing to the government,', as much as ho can getand is li.ui eJ only '' by the competition of fellow c ipi.atisisj which, ,' is fluctuating. I he importer adds the duty to the original cost of the commodity aba '