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I i KALIDA VENTURE. , ,- - : : " I J AMDS MACKENZIE, EDITOR. . F111DAY, APBIL 25.184 7. Tui Was.. Wa give, from the Ohio Statesman, the brilliant achievement of Gen. Scott, in iho taking of the City of Vera Cruz nnJ the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa, "the . 'Gibraher of America." ' This news is fully confirmed by tho official despatches of Ge. Scoti, puuusnea in ino Masumgiuu um. The General it cn route for the city of Mex ico; before reaching which it is believed Mex ICO will nave oeiermuiea iu mi lur tion of hostillities,and will accept the oft re .nested overtures of our Government to con- elude a peace. ; ' . -,' : :'' ' Dj VAITAwlll WIIIUII WO 11111 Lima papers, it will be perceived that the law, proposed by Mr. Metcalf, it "already in full tide of successful experiment." It .'.11 KjkuA eh raAiniira elf iliatipA In tha Nnrth. r - . , weal will Piva security 10 inn wmci. ' do justice to tha State, which receives an - ample return for tha value of the lands to its rsveuues, while it will largely contribute to the imoroveraeal of the couatry by actual set tlement. , L'.Ciiud Mbbdsi. We regret that wa are . , .tl.-l - . ,.r.A nHrnn f sWIISWaiW - ( this most infamous crime ia this county with ""io the short period often months. On the 12th inst., in tha township of Greensbnrg, the body of an infant child was found hang- ing against a drift in tha Blanchard river. A ceroner's jury was summoned by John Ramsey, Esq., and the result of the inqiiest ' , held upon the body was, that the child came ' "to I its' death by violence, and that one Eloin , or Wing was guilty, as an accessory before the fact. Tha violence appears to have been inflicted upon the birth of tha infaut, and before the body was thrown into tha riv er, in whiah it probably lain for two or three months, putrefaction having commenced. ,m An examination was held en Monday last before Esqrs. Grove and Kuapp, which result ed in tho discharge of Mrs. Wing. The ev idence of the post mortem examination giv ' an by Dr. I. K. Allen, which was highly creditable, to him as a man of , observation end science in his profession, and which was -. fully sustained by the testimony of Dn. Cod- fiey and Fotneroy, left little doubt but that the child Bad been horn alive, and that its " death was caused by violence; but the State wholly failed to connect Mrs. Wing with the commission of the crime. It may be proper .4o add that Catharine Frazeo, the mother of . ihm aer.uamt, upon wboeo evidence the euro ' ner' jury founded their charge against Mrs, ' Wing, when before the examining court de nied all knowledge of the matter. " ,;li ;tXrTho HYhigshave carried. Connecticut t and Rhode bland, just as usual.' ' ". . , e "Comwni's Speech. Corns Gentlemen, and for once tiy and do your country some service, by publishing this - speech." Lima W:.;r : Theieove request should be promptly complied ' JiwiuWw Mexieo itwlJawV'-?"'-'.-' J' - j ;Thb Wa. "We are a Republic, so is . Mexico; we are strong, she is weak ; ' we are s victorious, she) is defeated; can we not , YIELD A POINT OF HONOR, ir that be i necessary , lo secure a peace. Lima Rep. ; ",! "That jniud ' must have" little force of , judgment, and . have 'profited little by tha ..teachings of experieaee which can imagine lhat tha e simple withdrawal of 'our troops i from the enemy's country will terminate the .mt?-CincinnaUi Gazette. ;,' " Grat men difler .' ' V "1''-'- 'iV - ttjr The whigs of Ohia talk of holding a . State Convention, for the purpose of 'delib- ' eratingupoa tha position : and prospeets of : our public attalrs. It is to be hoped that they will examine- closely into the causes that bare placed this country ' 'in ' the full . tide of successful experiment,' as stated bv tha Naw York Express,' and whether it is swing to the . absence of a ' United States Bank or tha larhT of 1842. Ohio Stale 'U Bank bags at Abctiok. Mr. "Tf L Hen- , derson, of Hancock county, as Master Com missioner, offered at pubic sale on the 15th ihst. at Findlay a large amount of deprecia ted Bank paper, such asGallipolis, Hamilton .Granville, Urbane, &c which was received bf one C.-Weltz for1 debts due to the estate mf Myras, of which estate Weltz is admrnii- 4rator.i!J; j;'l;f ':" ' ' ' t Wo presume there is not a. Clerk's office ' Ohio in which there is not more or. less kt this kind of trash deposited as in the above cose. Hoi e then the Bank aristocrats are swindling the -dead, for i1iis"noney , was re ceived at pit and must now be .sold at a ve- ty heavy discounter i l ean command any price. We should suppose that John Woods and William Bebb who are etch receding $lzUU per year (extras round) and wbo were officers af the exploded Bank.of Hamilton would ceme to the rescue and redeem their . notes, at least thrs on-estate received through their agency. "An Honest man would ae tail last ahirt to redeem his notes, but. these fedgril croakers ontj Jaugh at the : calamity . jhe'y, fcavf, eAUsed many an honest laborer re' ! to -tuiia ' ' ;'r The Contest with Mexico Texae,&c. As each now victory attests the 'energy, firmness, and foresight with which tho ad ministration are advancing towards their pro ject of "conquering pece with Mexico," the Cillcy scheme of the sympathisers with Mexico hi pressed as very benevolent and iory magnanimous! Hitherto Mexico has scerned our overtures of peace, and dared to dictate to her conqueror the humiliating terms of an entire withdrawal of our troops from her soil, as a condition precedent lo ne gotiations for peace. Whig statesmanship counsels compliance with the humiliating terms, as a satisfaction f tho measure of Mexican' sympathy. The experiment is too degrading, loo obviously as foolish in design as it would prove fruitless in execution, ev er to win the approval of a party responsible for their actions. Lookiug at the almost fatuitous policy of Mexico in the whole history of liar straggle with Texas, and its consequences, we can perceive no act or policy which doea not de mand the pursuance by the Administration ol its present vigorous and glorious policy. ' On the seventh of May, 1824, by adecree of the Mexican Congress, Texas was to be annexed to Cohahuila, until it became of sufficient importance to justify itsseperate existence, when it was to be enrolled as a free and independent state, in whatever re lated to ita interual government and admin istration. This decree was declared to be "inviolable," and as tho act declares, was "never to be reformed." This decree was published to the world, and emigrants crowd ed into Texas from all countries, relying on the good faith of the central government and its increase and prosperity wis rapid al most beyond parallel.' ' ' ' In 1830, the new state began to experi ence the jealousy of Mexico, further emi gration of foreigners was prohibited, and de crees otherwise inimical lo the interests of Texas, were issued by Bustameate, then at the head of the Mexican Republic; and Texas was placed almost entirely under military rule. ' After tho accession of Santa Anna to the Presidency, which took place in 1833, the Texiaaa . petitioned the supreme government for a iepitration of the proviuces, and for an independent state government, in conformity with the fctderal compact, an act of Cortea, cf 18S4..V j t . , .; r- .-- - This petition was very respectful end averred among other reasons, why the peti tioners' prayer should bo granted, that Texas possessed numerically and otherwise, the necossary elements for a state government. And for her attachment to tlie federal con stitution and Republic, they, the . petitioners pledged their lives and aacred honors. This petition was disregarded. Austin, who was intrusted with .its presontation, was thrown into prison; and finally the; constitution of 1634, was entirely destroyed, and a military dictatorship established instead. The con stitutional authorities of Cotthuila and Texas, solemnly protested against this change of government; but they were pu down by military force, and the governor ' and mem bers of iho legislature were imprisoned, i The Texans who wore thus inviegled into a condition in which their persons and prop erty were at the mercy of'a hostile tv.& jeal ous central despotism, had no .resource but a lama . submission . to aa oppressive . go? trnment which had already broken all faith with them, or to attempt the aehie?a)nent ofj their independence. They chose the latter On the third day of November, v 1835. the , Texan peopl declared themselves free from Mexican authorily. " j It is not necessary to say how nobly. and bravely this declaration was sustained, till at San Jacinto the Dictator of Mexico himself became a Prisoner to the revolutionists, and acknowledged, as th Mexican Govern ment, tho future and entire independence of Texas This recognition by Santa Anna waa subsequently confirmed' by this Government, and by the most powerful of the European Governments, and maintained for ten years in despite of all the efforts of Mexlery which gain in 1844, on the prospect of annexation with this country, reiterated that acknowl edgment with a condition which she had no power or tight lo Impose'. . , . , ', Of the reasoas that induced the people of these United States to determine npon an nexation it is not necessary hereto treat. It is enough to say that it was the act of the American people; and one, the justice of which, notwithstanding the folly of Mexico, as time progresses, will' become more 'and more apparent. . t nis act oi union was deemed a cause of war by Mexico, and she accordingly declared war against the United Slates.. As the' Mexican ' statesman, Al monte, says, 'The war of Toxas, with Mexi- CO, was aaopian oy annexation, ana so annex ation was ar,'1, "Annexation was war." The mustering troopsof Mexico, ware march ing on to the Rio Grande,' for' the purpose errunmng lexas-ior the purpose, restoring her egaint to Mexican 'domination Unit . hnr onvprnmanl nnrlar tkaa cir eumstances tamely .'confined the defences 0j he coun try to tho Neucer, and permittod the ravage of war to spread 'desolation ever thej'"? '0 the idea lhal there will be newly acquired torritoryr thay wojU have proved fal.se in duty to tho young Stati and the virulonco which now fixes itself u p administration for tho focble protectiag iJiicL had boon extended to the newly tw lepublic .' It was the hostile attitude of Mexic caused Gen. Taylor to be seat into Tei it was that hostility persisted in throuy; which caused the recognition of war bel the Republics and which has occaei (o Mexico, the successive defeats of Re Palma, Palo Atto, Monterey, Bueua V( Taos, and Vera Cruz, Now engaged ia it would be utter folly in our govornmef conclude it, before a definite settlemeil all our difficulties with Mexico iaaccomp ed. Before the annexation of Texas had jnst causa of war with Mexico, but,! forborne in mercy for her weakness; aad I ing the war, notwithstanding victory has been with ui, yet the olive branch of pt has gone hand in hand with the sword. Mexico rejects peace, without she can li Texas, and without she can escape the sequences of her systematic violation treaties in fact without she. the vanquish can have all that war accords to tha victl But Ihe sword must be, as it has been, tb biter. We must & will have compensator the spoliation of our citizens, indemnity this, war, and assurance of future peace fore the close of the conflict1. "These are essary to our honor as a nation, to our cl aeter as a Republic; and better war with all evils than a sacrifice of all that makes a ion dreaded or respected. ' Fsi tht Ktlldl Ttotnt d ' GEN. TAYLOR NEVER SURRENDER Surrn(Url what,' Ihalaunls plack , That bind our oiquring army1! brew ! Tha colors that wer never tliuck To ilavo or deipot itrik thorn row ! Aik Palo Alto if Ihe stripes eni itars That bid us on to fame and glory, Wore not as bright mid death and eears : As gems that fill the niohe of iloryl That banner fleeted o'er us, when , Yoor braggart hoeti at Monterey, Like Iniiiurinntil, to meet with men Who aeiiher yield nor ion awat. And think you that the glories won . ' Where Wateon fell and Ringgold bled, Will wither ia a winter'e sun, , Or yield to deek a braggart's bead? I tell you wo eurrender never While life ie left to man a gun ri , Our glorious etripee ehaU float fer ever . And every star ebatl beam a sua. Surrender! Yes to him'thafgavs Th life to home and country gives 1 Surrender to -the conquering grave But not to mortal man, by Hraven ! ' Our sleeping eiree would buret their ebroudi, And bear tho unsullied banner back, Where freedom's bird firet pierced tho clouds And lit the revolution's track. , . Surrender!. Yes, when freedom's voice, I Sounde low and hollow in the gale; . When freemen tarn to slaves by cboiee, , And only death groene tell the tele.' : When every field our fathers fought . Amid the revolutien'e fires. : Wh en all our glories are forgot . . . . Aad liberty's great soul oxpties. Blot the Alamo from the put, -, JM 8ta Jacinto ditappear, k And over every glory cast . Forgetfulnel thsi" W fSSV bear; But by Resaea'a bloody field ' By Palo Alio'e deathless stery ' . . ' We ewear that we will never yield ;":', ! - Bat die for freedom truth aad glory. ' Tub Loan Taken. We have the pleasure of announcing that the whole loan of eigh teen millions is taken abort par, at a premi um varying from one-eighth to two per cent. The whole amount bid was $57,790,882, of which the sum of $54,926,583 was bid above par, and the remainder $2,864,200 at par. Thus, it will be pereeived that the bids at a premium largely exceeded three times the amount of tho lean advertised. " Considera ble stims are taken for trustees aad execu tors, for savings' banks and persons net in business,; for actual investment, and who de sire to pay the money immediately. The Secretary, however, his guarded against cal ling it the loan more rapidly than it is want ed; for, were he to do so, it wonld make the government pay interest prematurely, 'and derange the business of the conntry by too largo a call for specie in any one month. The bids of fifty-eight millions of this loan, demonstrate the just confidence ef the peo ple in their own government, and tha ample resources and wealth of the country. No doubt this auspicious result was aided by the recent glorious victories at Buena . Vista and Vera Crux under our heroic lenders, Taylor and Scott; but the successful 'result of the tariff of 1640 which it' is demonstrated, will yield an annual revenue of thirty million ef cellar, ana Mo new military contributions under the new Mexican tariff, also contribu ted to swell the bids WathingUtt Union. Lakx Navigation. The steamboat United States, Capt. C. Belden, says the Cleveland Times, of the 31st ult., left this, port on Wednesday last, for Detroi'. She arrived at Toledo Ihe next day, the 25th, encounterinz oflbutveryittw dtmeuy freiii ice., g . .- ns vvashingun Upiee. . .u. r ,, , . rr. mi OVBE OF mM&UJX ".d ,M"V ATIVES. . & Pe?c. with Mexico, its , he Extr'7 ralpapers.re .till clin J'V-0"' -i Sn.el. l?Z't! We find the fede Kn-jori.jr i ,h, H011!M Df . " ""7" during the 30th Con.-. i :. I list .,,,1, .-ml "seruon "a such will bo ihe caso his been m.J- e y " " m3i2r "o, rl g g n .'la,,, "axjtr r " muesli""" n'.'n.ffl U" Indiana i... 8 Iowa 2 Wisconsin 2 58 62 Already elected ' 120 ' 110 We aum up Iho whole matter by reassiJ ing our friends, that the next lloutt of Re, reientatitt will be democratic t "' Let us hot, however, indulge too ove weening a confidence in this result. Fr dence, eaergy,'enlhusissm, are the Secrets success. Let every man do his ditty now. PaiNciPLKS not wen everything for ll cause, and notiung lor men an active orga izationofour whole ' party "in ever? Stat which has yet to vote, and we shall accon! plisb all that we have sat down, and 'mb than wa nave predicted. ' , TsiK CoVltTBY NOT YT RtTINRD. Wbj that recollects the weepius and wailins the whig press and whig stumpers last sun mer, al tn repeai of the tariff of 184 could have supposed tna thus I?on woul their predictions have proven false, so p.ilp: it.. . i. i. .i ' oiy as to maae tiiese same men coma ou and acknowledge ihe prosperity of the coun) try and the falsity of their prophecies., W cannot forbear giving the entire article frofi me new inra express, oi ttieaoih: . Rkmaski. Since our last, wo have rcl ceivea a mouth's later intelliffence from E rope, and or some accounts the news is o great importance. It is now settled beyond peraaventuret mat jcurope win want a miieli larger supply of JBreadstuffs : than we ca send, or that vessels can be found to convert .1. . mi . 1 across iuo water, lue consequence is that the prices of Flour, Wheat, Rye ant Corn, have advanced, and there is an abso lute certainty that they will remain up foi some time to ceme. This great rise will gr mainly into the pockets of our farmers, as on1 ly a small portion of last year's crop hai reached the Atlantic States. ! The immensd lines of river, canal and laka navigation, are! to be most actively and profitably enguged Indeed, the tountry ie in full tide of euceet ful experiment. The merchante are wel paid, ana are aoine an , excellent . butxnesi Our list of strivapi at the, various hotels have greatly increased, y Ihe north River is ye but partially opened, and it is not till the in terior navigtion arrives that our season e business is at its neigut,, , i here appears toj be but,, one thing , wanting to place this conntry on a pinnacle never before reached J and that is peace , with ( Mexico an area more distant now, te all appearancoi lhan ever., the markets during the week, for all descriptions of Breadstuffs, r have . advanced and become active, and there is eh evident increase of business in almost every branch I irepe i. r y ,, i-Ult rjv.f:.ris , 'Indeed, the country is truly lo J,he'" f.. tomU.. M bb.ruinerl. .. ,t - 1 .ne' . ! oo.rtiined. aaihn j. : . . " ariffof 1848 .1 Z . I ! ceriainlv ih. ""sur'-. cerlninln ,l. . ... . gery 'ne world T. T B,,,C" ""rabug ia whi. m..'. Atr,h.!doruetion,of ever? wwnu WO on 111.. Tf v.