, ,- - : : " I
J AMDS MACKENZIE, EDITOR. .
F111DAY, APBIL 25.184 7.
Tui Was.. Wa give, from the Ohio
Statesman, the brilliant achievement of Gen.
Scott, in iho taking of the City of Vera Cruz
nnJ the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa, "the
. 'Gibraher of America." ' This news is fully
confirmed by tho official despatches of Ge.
Scoti, puuusnea in ino Masumgiuu um.
The General it cn route for the city of Mex
ico; before reaching which it is believed Mex
ICO will nave oeiermuiea iu mi lur
tion of hostillities,and will accept the oft re
.nested overtures of our Government to con-
elude a peace. ; ' . -,' : :''
' Dj VAITAwlll WIIIUII WO 11111
Lima papers, it will be perceived that the
law, proposed by Mr. Metcalf, it "already
in full tide of successful experiment." It
.'.11 KjkuA eh raAiniira elf iliatipA In tha Nnrth.
r - . ,
weal will Piva security 10 inn wmci.
' do justice to tha State, which receives an
- ample return for tha value of the lands to its
rsveuues, while it will largely contribute to
the imoroveraeal of the couatry by actual set
L'.Ciiud Mbbdsi. We regret that wa are
. , .tl.-l - . ,.r.A nHrnn f
( this most infamous crime ia this county with
""io the short period often months. On the
12th inst., in tha township of Greensbnrg,
the body of an infant child was found hang-
ing against a drift in tha Blanchard river.
A ceroner's jury was summoned by John
Ramsey, Esq., and the result of the inqiiest
' , held upon the body was, that the child came
' "to I its' death by violence, and that one Eloin
, or Wing was guilty, as an accessory before
the fact. Tha violence appears to have
been inflicted upon the birth of tha infaut,
and before the body was thrown into tha riv
er, in whiah it probably lain for two or three
months, putrefaction having commenced.
,m An examination was held en Monday last
before Esqrs. Grove and Kuapp, which result
ed in tho discharge of Mrs. Wing. The ev
idence of the post mortem examination giv
' an by Dr. I. K. Allen, which was highly
creditable, to him as a man of , observation
end science in his profession, and which was
-. fully sustained by the testimony of Dn. Cod-
fiey and Fotneroy, left little doubt but that
the child Bad been horn alive, and that its
" death was caused by violence; but the State
wholly failed to connect Mrs. Wing with the
commission of the crime. It may be proper
.4o add that Catharine Frazeo, the mother of
. ihm aer.uamt, upon wboeo evidence the euro
' ner' jury founded their charge against Mrs,
' Wing, when before the examining court de
nied all knowledge of the matter. "
,;li ;tXrTho HYhigshave carried. Connecticut
t and Rhode bland, just as usual.' ' ". . ,
e "Comwni's Speech. Corns Gentlemen,
and for once tiy and do your country some
service, by publishing this - speech." Lima
Theieove request should be promptly complied
' JiwiuWw Mexieo itwlJawV'-?"'-'.-' J' - j
;Thb Wa. "We are a Republic, so is
. Mexico; we are strong, she is weak ; ' we are
s victorious, she) is defeated; can we not
, YIELD A POINT OF HONOR, ir that be
i necessary , lo secure a peace. Lima Rep. ;
",! "That jniud ' must have" little force of
, judgment, and . have 'profited little by tha
..teachings of experieaee which can imagine
lhat tha e simple withdrawal of 'our troops
i from the enemy's country will terminate the
.mt?-CincinnaUi Gazette. ;,' "
Grat men difler .' ' V "1''-'- 'iV
- ttjr The whigs of Ohia talk of holding a
. State Convention, for the purpose of 'delib-
' eratingupoa tha position : and prospeets of
: our public attalrs. It is to be hoped that
they will examine- closely into the causes
that bare placed this country ' 'in ' the full
. tide of successful experiment,' as stated bv
tha Naw York Express,' and whether it is
swing to the . absence of a ' United States
Bank or tha larhT of 1842. Ohio Stale
'U Bank bags at Abctiok. Mr. "Tf L Hen-
, derson, of Hancock county, as Master Com
missioner, offered at pubic sale on the 15th
ihst. at Findlay a large amount of deprecia
ted Bank paper, such asGallipolis, Hamilton
.Granville, Urbane, &c which was received
bf one C.-Weltz for1 debts due to the estate
mf Myras, of which estate Weltz is admrnii-
4rator.i!J; j;'l;f ':" ' ' '
t Wo presume there is not a. Clerk's office
' Ohio in which there is not more or. less
kt this kind of trash deposited as in the above
cose. Hoi e then the Bank aristocrats are
swindling the -dead, for i1iis"noney , was re
ceived at pit and must now be .sold at a ve-
ty heavy discounter i l ean command any
price. We should suppose that John Woods
and William Bebb who are etch receding
$lzUU per year (extras round) and wbo were
officers af the exploded Bank.of Hamilton
would ceme to the rescue and redeem their
. notes, at least thrs on-estate received through
their agency. "An Honest man would ae
tail last ahirt to redeem his notes, but. these
fedgril croakers ontj Jaugh at the : calamity
. jhe'y, fcavf, eAUsed many an honest laborer
re' ! to -tuiia ' ' ;'r
The Contest with Mexico Texae,&c.
As each now victory attests the 'energy,
firmness, and foresight with which tho ad
ministration are advancing towards their pro
ject of "conquering pece with Mexico,"
the Cillcy scheme of the sympathisers with
Mexico hi pressed as very benevolent and
iory magnanimous! Hitherto Mexico has
scerned our overtures of peace, and dared
to dictate to her conqueror the humiliating
terms of an entire withdrawal of our troops
from her soil, as a condition precedent lo ne
gotiations for peace. Whig statesmanship
counsels compliance with the humiliating
terms, as a satisfaction f tho measure of
Mexican' sympathy. The experiment is too
degrading, loo obviously as foolish in design
as it would prove fruitless in execution, ev
er to win the approval of a party responsible
for their actions.
Lookiug at the almost fatuitous policy of
Mexico in the whole history of liar straggle
with Texas, and its consequences, we can
perceive no act or policy which doea not de
mand the pursuance by the Administration
ol its present vigorous and glorious policy.
' On the seventh of May, 1824, by adecree
of the Mexican Congress, Texas was to be
annexed to Cohahuila, until it became of
sufficient importance to justify itsseperate
existence, when it was to be enrolled as a
free and independent state, in whatever re
lated to ita interual government and admin
istration. This decree was declared to be
"inviolable," and as tho act declares, was
"never to be reformed." This decree was
published to the world, and emigrants crowd
ed into Texas from all countries, relying on
the good faith of the central government
and its increase and prosperity wis rapid al
most beyond parallel.' ' ' '
In 1830, the new state began to experi
ence the jealousy of Mexico, further emi
gration of foreigners was prohibited, and de
crees otherwise inimical lo the interests
of Texas, were issued by Bustameate, then
at the head of the Mexican Republic; and
Texas was placed almost entirely under
military rule. ' After tho accession of Santa
Anna to the Presidency, which took place in
1833, the Texiaaa . petitioned the supreme
government for a iepitration of the proviuces,
and for an independent state government, in
conformity with the fctderal compact, an act
of Cortea, cf 18S4..V j t . , .; r- .--
- This petition was very respectful end
averred among other reasons, why the peti
tioners' prayer should bo granted, that Texas
possessed numerically and otherwise, the
necossary elements for a state government.
And for her attachment to tlie federal con
stitution and Republic, they, the . petitioners
pledged their lives and aacred honors. This
petition was disregarded. Austin, who was
intrusted with .its presontation, was thrown
into prison; and finally the; constitution of
1634, was entirely destroyed, and a military
dictatorship established instead. The con
stitutional authorities of Cotthuila and Texas,
solemnly protested against this change of
government; but they were pu down by
military force, and the governor ' and mem
bers of iho legislature were imprisoned, i
The Texans who wore thus inviegled into
a condition in which their persons and prop
erty were at the mercy of'a hostile tv.& jeal
ous central despotism, had no .resource but
a lama . submission . to aa oppressive . go?
trnment which had already broken all faith
with them, or to attempt the aehie?a)nent ofj
their independence. They chose the latter
On the third day of November, v 1835. the ,
Texan peopl declared themselves free from
Mexican authorily. " j
It is not necessary to say how nobly. and
bravely this declaration was sustained, till at
San Jacinto the Dictator of Mexico himself
became a Prisoner to the revolutionists, and
acknowledged, as th Mexican Govern
ment, tho future and entire independence of
Texas This recognition by Santa Anna waa
subsequently confirmed' by this Government,
and by the most powerful of the European
Governments, and maintained for ten years
in despite of all the efforts of Mexlery which
gain in 1844, on the prospect of annexation
with this country, reiterated that acknowl
edgment with a condition which she had no
power or tight lo Impose'. . , . , ',
Of the reasoas that induced the people of
these United States to determine npon an
nexation it is not necessary hereto treat.
It is enough to say that it was the act of the
American people; and one, the justice of
which, notwithstanding the folly of Mexico,
as time progresses, will' become more 'and
more apparent. . t nis act oi union was
deemed a cause of war by Mexico, and she
accordingly declared war against the United
Slates.. As the' Mexican ' statesman, Al
monte, says, 'The war of Toxas, with Mexi-
CO, was aaopian oy annexation, ana so annex
ation was ar,'1, "Annexation was war."
The mustering troopsof Mexico, ware march
ing on to the Rio Grande,' for' the purpose
errunmng lexas-ior the purpose,
restoring her egaint to Mexican 'domination
Unit . hnr onvprnmanl nnrlar tkaa cir
eumstances tamely .'confined the defences 0j
he coun try to tho Neucer, and permittod the
ravage of war to spread 'desolation ever thej'"? '0 the idea lhal there will be
newly acquired torritoryr thay wojU have
proved fal.se in duty to tho young Stati
and the virulonco which now fixes itself u p
administration for tho focble protectiag iJiicL
had boon extended to the newly tw
It was the hostile attitude of Mexic
caused Gen. Taylor to be seat into Tei
it was that hostility persisted in throuy;
which caused the recognition of war bel
the Republics and which has occaei
(o Mexico, the successive defeats of Re
Palma, Palo Atto, Monterey, Bueua V(
Taos, and Vera Cruz, Now engaged ia
it would be utter folly in our govornmef
conclude it, before a definite settlemeil
all our difficulties with Mexico iaaccomp
ed. Before the annexation of Texas
had jnst causa of war with Mexico, but,!
forborne in mercy for her weakness; aad I
ing the war, notwithstanding victory has
been with ui, yet the olive branch of pt
has gone hand in hand with the sword.
Mexico rejects peace, without she can li
Texas, and without she can escape the
sequences of her systematic violation
treaties in fact without she. the vanquish
can have all that war accords to tha victl
But Ihe sword must be, as it has been, tb
biter. We must & will have compensator
the spoliation of our citizens, indemnity
this, war, and assurance of future peace
fore the close of the conflict1. "These are
essary to our honor as a nation, to our cl
aeter as a Republic; and better war with all
evils than a sacrifice of all that makes a
ion dreaded or respected.
' Fsi tht Ktlldl Ttotnt d
' GEN. TAYLOR NEVER SURRENDER
Surrn(Url what,' Ihalaunls plack ,
That bind our oiquring army1! brew !
Tha colors that wer never tliuck
To ilavo or deipot itrik thorn row !
Aik Palo Alto if Ihe stripes eni itars
That bid us on to fame and glory,
Wore not as bright mid death and eears
: As gems that fill the niohe of iloryl
That banner fleeted o'er us, when ,
Yoor braggart hoeti at Monterey,
Like Iniiiurinntil, to meet with men
Who aeiiher yield nor ion awat.
And think you that the glories won .
' Where Wateon fell and Ringgold bled,
Will wither ia a winter'e sun, ,
Or yield to deek a braggart's bead?
I tell you wo eurrender never
While life ie left to man a gun ri ,
Our glorious etripee ehaU float fer ever .
And every star ebatl beam a sua.
Surrender! Yes to him'thafgavs
Th life to home and country gives 1
Surrender to -the conquering grave
But not to mortal man, by Hraven !
' Our sleeping eiree would buret their ebroudi,
And bear tho unsullied banner back,
Where freedom's bird firet pierced tho clouds
And lit the revolution's track. ,
. Surrender!. Yes, when freedom's voice, I
Sounde low and hollow in the gale;
. When freemen tarn to slaves by cboiee, ,
And only death groene tell the tele.' :
When every field our fathers fought .
Amid the revolutien'e fires. :
Wh en all our glories are forgot .
. . . Aad liberty's great soul oxpties.
Blot the Alamo from the put, -,
JM 8ta Jacinto ditappear,
k And over every glory cast
. Forgetfulnel thsi" W fSSV bear;
But by Resaea'a bloody field '
By Palo Alio'e deathless stery ' . . '
We ewear that we will never yield ;":', !
- Bat die for freedom truth aad glory. '
Tub Loan Taken. We have the pleasure
of announcing that the whole loan of eigh
teen millions is taken abort par, at a premi
um varying from one-eighth to two per cent.
The whole amount bid was $57,790,882, of
which the sum of $54,926,583 was bid above
par, and the remainder $2,864,200 at par.
Thus, it will be pereeived that the bids at a
premium largely exceeded three times the
amount of tho lean advertised. " Considera
ble stims are taken for trustees aad execu
tors, for savings' banks and persons net in
business,; for actual investment, and who de
sire to pay the money immediately. The
Secretary, however, his guarded against cal
ling it the loan more rapidly than it is want
ed; for, were he to do so, it wonld make the
government pay interest prematurely, 'and
derange the business of the conntry by too
largo a call for specie in any one month.
The bids of fifty-eight millions of this loan,
demonstrate the just confidence ef the peo
ple in their own government, and tha ample
resources and wealth of the country. No
doubt this auspicious result was aided by the
recent glorious victories at Buena . Vista and
Vera Crux under our heroic lenders, Taylor
and Scott; but the successful 'result of the
tariff of 1640 which it' is demonstrated, will
yield an annual revenue of thirty million ef
cellar, ana Mo new military contributions
under the new Mexican tariff, also contribu
ted to swell the bids WathingUtt Union.
Lakx Navigation. The steamboat United
States, Capt. C. Belden, says the Cleveland
Times, of the 31st ult., left this, port on
Wednesday last, for Detroi'. She arrived at
Toledo Ihe next day, the 25th, encounterinz
oflbutveryittw dtmeuy freiii ice., g .
.- ns vvashingun Upiee. . .u. r ,, , . rr. mi
OVBE OF mM&UJX ".d ,M"V
ATIVES. . & Pe?c. with Mexico, its , he Extr'7
ralpapers.re .till clin J'V-0"' -i Sn.el. l?Z't!
We find the fede
Kn-jori.jr i ,h, H011!M Df . " ""7"
during the 30th Con.-. i :.
I list .,,,1, .-ml "seruon
"a such will bo ihe caso his been m.J-
y " " m3i2r "o, rl g g n .'la,,, "axjtr r
muesli""" n'.'n.ffl U"
Indiana i... 8
' 120 ' 110
We aum up Iho whole matter by reassiJ
ing our friends, that the next lloutt of Re,
reientatitt will be democratic t "'
Let us hot, however, indulge too ove
weening a confidence in this result. Fr
dence, eaergy,'enlhusissm, are the Secrets
success. Let every man do his ditty now.
PaiNciPLKS not wen everything for ll
cause, and notiung lor men an active orga
izationofour whole ' party "in ever? Stat
which has yet to vote, and we shall accon!
plisb all that we have sat down, and 'mb
than wa nave predicted. ' ,
TsiK CoVltTBY NOT YT RtTINRD. Wbj
that recollects the weepius and wailins
the whig press and whig stumpers last sun
mer, al tn repeai of the tariff of 184
could have supposed tna thus I?on woul
their predictions have proven false, so p.ilp:
it.. . i. i. .i '
oiy as to maae tiiese same men coma ou
and acknowledge ihe prosperity of the coun)
try and the falsity of their prophecies., W
cannot forbear giving the entire article frofi
me new inra express, oi ttieaoih: .
Rkmaski. Since our last, wo have rcl
ceivea a mouth's later intelliffence from E
rope, and or some accounts the news is o
great importance. It is now settled beyond
peraaventuret mat jcurope win want a miieli
larger supply of JBreadstuffs : than we ca
send, or that vessels can be found to convert
.1. . mi . 1
across iuo water, lue consequence is
that the prices of Flour, Wheat, Rye ant
Corn, have advanced, and there is an abso
lute certainty that they will remain up foi
some time to ceme. This great rise will gr
mainly into the pockets of our farmers, as on1
ly a small portion of last year's crop hai
reached the Atlantic States. ! The immensd
lines of river, canal and laka navigation, are!
to be most actively and profitably enguged
Indeed, the tountry ie in full tide of euceet
ful experiment. The merchante are wel
paid, ana are aoine an , excellent . butxnesi
Our list of strivapi at the, various hotels have
greatly increased, y Ihe north River is ye
but partially opened, and it is not till the in
terior navigtion arrives that our season e
business is at its neigut,, , i here appears toj
be but,, one thing , wanting to place this
conntry on a pinnacle never before reached J
and that is peace , with ( Mexico an area
more distant now, te all appearancoi lhan
ever., the markets during the week, for all
descriptions of Breadstuffs, r have . advanced
and become active, and there is eh evident
increase of business in almost every branch
I irepe i. r y ,, i-Ult rjv.f:.ris
, 'Indeed, the country is truly lo J,he'"
f.. tomU.. M
bb.ruinerl. .. ,t - 1 .ne' . !
oo.rtiined. aaihn j. : . . "
ariffof 1848 .1 Z .
I ! ceriainlv ih. ""sur'-.
cerlninln ,l. . ... .
'ne world T. T B,,,C" ""rabug ia
whi. m..'. Atr,h.!doruetion,of ever?
wwnu WO on 111..
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