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r M i Prek Seer H t r a. i. S tains do,? repr nor- 1 . r POETRY. "HOIE, IWEET BOIL" Ta following poem by John G. Saxp, was read by the author on the occasion of the u Telllnj of the bast of John Howard Payne, in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, few weeks ago: Ts him who sang of "Home, 8weet Home." In strain ao sweet the aimple lav Has thrilled a million hearts, we couie A nation's grateful debt to pay. Yet. not for him the bust we raise; Ah, no! can lifeless Hps prolong Fsme's trumpet voice? The poet's praise laves in the music of his song! The noble dead we fondly seek To honor wilh applauding breath; Unheeded fall the words we speak Upon the "doll, cold ear of death." Yet, not in Tain the spoken word, Nor vain the monument we raise; With qnicker throbs our hearts sre stirred - To catch the nobleness we praise! Columbia's sons we share his feme; 'Tis for ourselves the bust we rear, That they who mark the graven name May know that name to us is dear; Dear as the home the exile sees The faireat spot beneath the sky Where first upon a mother's knees He slept, and where he yearns to die. But not alone the lyric fire Was bis; the drama's muse can tell His genius eould a Kean inspire; A Keoible owned his magic spell; A Kean, to "Brutus' " self so true, (As true to Art and Nature's laws) He seemed the man the poet drew, And shared with him the town's applause Kind hearts and brave, with truth severe He drew, unconscious from his own; O nature rare! But pilgrim's here Will oft'oest ssy, in pensive tone, With reverent face ana lifted hand, " Twas he by Fortune forced to roam When, homeless, in a foreign land. So sweetly sang the joys of home !" The First Kentucky Rifle. Says the Franklin (Ky.) Pan-toe.- In tbe Public Library building at Louis ville, Kentucky, hang, on a pair of rus tic hooks, an old rifle and shot-pouch. Near by is a piece of beech-log, sawed a convenient length to set on end in the relic case. Ported op is an old letter, dated 1789. "Otly these and nothing more." The old powder-horn is stop ped up by a plug of wood, which has been drawn so often by its former owner that its end is chawed off close. But what of that? Header, that stopple bears the marks of the teeth of Daniel Boone; that rifle was the first gun of the battles on the "dark and bloody ground." Though its lock is gone, its stock is bro ken, and its barrel is rusty, that gun used to be the terror of the aboriginal inhabitants of Kentucky, who feared and dreaded it, even when it and its owner were temporarily in their posses sion and power. A hundred years ago that old hero, equipped by those trusty deadly accoutrements, led a charmed dramatic life, roaming over the forest of which he was lord, from the great "Conhowa," as he spelled, it to the Mis sissippi. The beech-log, carved by his butcher-knife, which hangs by a leather string from the old belt, bears this in scription: "Daniel Boone, 1774." The Sort of Men that Women Like Best. We know that men naturally shrink from the attempt to obtain companions who are their superiors; but they will find that really intelligent women, who possess most desirable qualiti"., are uni formly modest, and hold their charms in modest estimation. What such women admire in men is gallantry; not the gal lantry of courts or fops, but boldness, ' courage devotion and refined civility. A n- n's bearing wins ten superior wo- me ." where his boots and brains win one. j( a man stands before a woman with respect for himself and fearlessness of her, his suit is half won. The rest may safely be left to the parties most interes ted. Therefore never be afraid of a wo man. Women are the most harmless and agreeable creatures in the world to vjt man who shows that he has a man's soul in him. If you have not got the spirit to come up to the test like this, vou have not got that which most pleases a highsouled woman and you will be obliged to content yourself with the simple girl who, in a quiet way, is endeavoring to attract and fasten you. But don't be in a hurry about the mat ter. It isn't creditable to you. Espec ially don't imagine that any disappoint ment in love which takes place before yon are twenty-one years old, will be of any material consequence to yon. . The Esquimaux Dog, The most valuable domestic animal in Kamschatka is the dog. During winter they are fed with dried fish every morn' ing and evening; but, while traveling they get nothing to eat, even though they run for hours. Their strength is wonderful. Generally no more than five of them are harnessed to a sledge, and will drag with ease three full-grown per sons, and sixty pounds of luggage. When lightly laden such a sledge will travel from thirty to forty miles in a day over bad roads and through the deep snow; on even roads, from eighty to one hundred and forty. During a snow-storm, the dogs keep their masters warm, and will lie quietly near him for hours, bo that he has mere ' ly to prevent the snow from covering him too deeply and suffocating him. The dogs are also excellent weather prophets; for when, while resting, they dig holes in snow, a storm may with certainly be expected. In a eotempoary we find the following historical statistics regarding the influ ence of wives: It is not all a dream which made the wife of Julius Caesar so anxious that he should, not go to the Senate chamber on the fatal Ides of March, and had he complied with her entreaties, he might 'have escaped the dagger of Brutus. Dis aster followed disaster in the career of Napoleon, from the time he ceasad to feel the balance wheel of Josephine's influence on his impetuous spirit. Our own Washington, when important ques tions were submitted to him, often has aid that he would like to carry the sub ject to his bed-chamber before he had benefit formed his decision; and those who knew sLa Brr the clear jiulfslTTiil and elevated pur Last y i pose of Mrs. Washington, thought all by tr the better of him for wishing to make her his confidential counsellor. Indeed, the great majority of men, who have acquired for themselves a good and great name, were not only married men but happily married both paired and matched. Promise. Keep your promises. The man who forfeits his word, without good or sufficient reason, on one occas ion, will repeat it, and is unworthy of our confidence. If American boys and girls are trained to consider a promise as a sacred thing, the men and women will soon be more honorable. Every day, life's worries are added to, and its cares increased, by some one forfeiting his word. I promised, but did not mean it, is a remark as common it is heartless. Never promise without de liberation, and keep it strictly, even if compelled to use great self-denial. tn At a hotel table one boarder remarked M to his neighbor: "This must be a healthy lo plaB for chickens." 7hyt" asked the h"er. "Because I never see any dead -Ones hereabouts." VOLUME 1. SELECT STORY. A SWIM FOB LIFE. "Glorious! most glorious!" exclaimed Capt. Chawthewind, rubbing his hands with delight, as he placed the deck of the smart Indiaman Skimmer of the Seas with Col. Tyghtfy tte (in command of troops) "only let this breeze hold On, and we shall get sight of the Deserts before nightfall! Mr. Workemwell (chief officer), let them leave the log, Land see what she is going." "Aye, aye, sir! Heave the log," shouts the mate. "You know," continues the captain, "it will be most satisfactory to get a sight of the land before dark. Ah! that's how one likes to see the line fly out. What is she going? "Twelve knots good, sir." "Twelve knots good!" repeats the cap tain. "Ah! ah! hoorah for the JJefer tas!" The Skimmer of the Seas had thus far made a most favorable passage, and left the frogs of old England far behind.. We were now in a most lonely climate, and only nine days out. Troops and passengers, quite recovered from sea sickness, had shaken down in their places, and if appetite and good spirits be a criterion, then had reaction entire ly set in. The decks were alive with animated nature; cut off from the world, alone on the ocean, the Skimmer of the Seas rep resented a world in miniature. Detach ments of troops to reinforce their respec tive regiments in her Majesty's Eastern Empire; officers, military and civil, re turning from furlough, etc., grass, wid ows, happy in the idea of soon rejoining their husbands; larking cadets, a batch of bright-eyed merry girls, "going out on spec"--enough, one would imagine, to make of India itself a Paradise; mer chants, planters and others; the busy crew of the ship; the lowing of cows, bleating of sheep, an incessant chorus from poultry of all descriptions, every one busy about their respective duties, or amusing themselves in various ways. Capt. Chawthewind was a Scotchman by birth, and cousin to all families of note in the country. He was a tall, bony man, with gray sandy whiskers, small gray eyes, and red nose; and though by no means a bad-hearted man, was exceedinyly choleric. He was de scribed by the sailors an half-alligator, half-rattlesnake, with the strain of hip popotamus sort of a man. He had been niany years in command of an In- diaman, was noted for making quick passages, and never spared sails or sail ors when there was a chance of going ahead, in which he was seconded by Mr. Workemwell. The Skimmer of the Seas had now a rattling breeze right aft, studding-sail set on both sides alow and aloft; even the royal studding-sails and main sky sail were still set, although expected every moment to be taken in, -as it ap peared something must give way, such a tremendous press of canvas was she now carrying in a braize so strong, mak ing the spars and ropes sneeze and crack as she dashed along; but all the gear was of the . first class, and the captain not the man to spare her; and as tbe gal lant vessel surged and rolled and flew on her course, she appeared not less anxious than her commander to get a sight of the Desertas before nightfall. There was a pretty good sea on, which broke fiercely; but, as we were scudding along before it, we felt little of it. It was the fashion with Capt. Chaw thewind, as with some other men when running before the wind, to have the wind up in case of the ship broaching to from the negligence of helmsman or from other causes; it is of course be calmed by the other sails, and sweeps over the jib-boom from Bide to side as the ship rolls. About 2 p. m., a seaman, by name of John Neville a stout and powerful west-countryman, twenty-three years of age was sent to secure some hanks that were adrift on the flying jib. As he was passing out on the jibboom, the ship gave a rather heavy roll, and the jib by some means swept him overboard; he was lightly clad, having on only a blue flannel shirt, with canvas trowsers. The cry of "Man overboard!" was echoed fore and aft; a dozen voices Bhouted out, "Put the helm down!" The helmsman, who happened to be Neville's own chum, and who had only left him a few minutes before, immedi ately put the helm hard down, without waiting for orders from the officer of the watch. Orders were at once given to let fly tacks, sheets, halliards; in fact to let everything fly, to cut away the life-buoy, to clear away the boat, etc. All was confusion; the ship was already up in the wind, and soon came aback. The row caused by the shaking of the sails, he cracking of the boosna auict - xnastn, and the general smash aloft, was some thing terrific. The life-buoy that hung over the stern was at once cut away; it consisted of two small casks connected by a bar of wood about four feet along, that pass ed right through the center of them; it had no protection from the sun, no one knew its age, it was regularly with the ship, and looked all that could be desir ed, bat on striking the water one cask collapsed without hesitation. The hoops started on the other, and in less than two minutes the life buoy had dis appeared. Many other things that would float were cast overboard, and a party of soldiers seized the spar on which the carpenter was working and launched it overboard. It would have been a godsend for poor Neville, who was a long distance off, but he saw naught of any of the articles hove over board. The second officer, Mr. Welldon, who had kept his eye on Neville (who was now at least a mile away) sprang into the cutter as she was being lowered, in which he found the boatswain and six seamen, and took command of the boat, Capt. Chawthewind, who was below at the time of the accident, hearing the sails shaking, sprang upon deck, and had taken in the situation at a glance. A severe looking man at all times, he was now fearful to behold. Ilia face was pale (except the nose) with rage, he flew at the chief officer and screamed, "How dare the helm be put down; the ship go ing before the wind with such a press of canvas on her?" The mate said the helm had been put down without orders from the officers of the watch. The Captain in two strides faced the helms man, a stalwart seaman, and shrieked You wretch! how dare you put the helm down without orders? ' see what you have done?" "Beg pardon, sir," replied the sailor, "a dozen orders were given to put the helm down, and I was certain I heard yours above all the rest, sir." This-i caused the Captain to stamp, and storm, and swear, and how it would had cul minated it is impossible to sav but at moment a gust of wind blew the Cap tain s hat off, and brought bis notice that the Skimmer of the Seas was rapi dly coming round on her heel, the jib sheet not being fast, and would soon again be heading for the Desertas. As Neville got clear of the ship he was seen by the ladies and others on the poop swimming buoyantly, and as the fierce crest of a wave caught him, and he dis appeared, there were several suppressed cries of ar.e lish, followed by exclama tion of joy as he reappeared. But he was evidently entangled in his shirt, as he could be seen throwing his arms about in a strange way, and the most of ns thought it was all up with him, but a veritable cheer rang out when he was seen divested of his shirt, and striking out bravely for the ship. Every now and again he was seen to be overwhelm ed by a sea, but as he constantly reap peared, had given up swimming, and was evidently husbanding his strength by floating only, it was seen Neville was at home in the water, knew what he was about, and, provided no shark interfered with him, great hopes were entertained that he would be saved. On casting an eye aloft, a melancholy sight met one's view. The wings of the Skimmer of the Seas were horribly crip pled, the main top-gallant mast, and nearly all the studding-sail booms were gone, and the main-topsail lookedaas though it had been a target for the "Woolwich infant." The sailors were already aloft clearing away the wreck, and the troops, headed by some sailors, made themselves, as they are ever ready to do, most nseful in assisting on deck. The fore and migen top-gallant sails had been furled, and the mainsail haul ed up, etc., as useless when running be fore the wind. The spanker was now hauled out, and the ship hove to, though still drifting fast to leeward. Many an anxious eye was on the boat as she pro gressed on her voyage of mercy. The sailors were seen bending to their oars, and as she had to pull head to sea they had a rough time of it. The boat, how ever, was a splendid one. Neville could be seen every now and then as he rose on the seas floating like a log. The boat nears him, and the cheer that resounds fore and aft the Bhip from those on the look-out made it known to all on board that Neville at last safe in the boat. In about three-quarters or an hour from the time he was swept from the jibboom he again came over the side of the ship, apparently little the worse, but looking uncommonly washed. All hands received him with a cheer, and many passengers and idlers surrounded him to hear what he had to say. Orders were at once given to hoist the boat up; and the Captain, impatient at losing so much time, ordered the spanker to be brailed up, and at the same time the helm to be put up, the boat would be at the davits ere the ship paid off before the wind, and so become exposed to the seas, and, seeing Neville, called out to him, in a voice that boded no good, to come before him. "You scoundrel!" commenced the captain in a voice of thunder, shaking his spy-glass, "how dare you, sir, have the audacity to fall overboard in a breeze like this, the ship under such a press of canvas? You ought to be ashamed of yourself, sir. Look at the rnischef you have caused alott Bir, and it was well known how anx ious we were to sight the Desertas be fore dark, sir. By God, sir, I'll teach you to choose such a time to fall overboard-" "Beg pardon, sir," replied Ne ville, "but as I was passing out on the jibboom she gave a heavish roll to starboard, the jib hung awhile in the port guys, and then came over with a surge, sir, the foretop caught me some how under the chin " "Chin be d d, sir!" roared the Captain, don't talk te me about chin! Whoever heard of a man being induced overbroad by a chin, sir, and in a thirteen-knot breeze into the bargain, sir?" Neville looked rather taken aback, and showed his chin, red, blue and scrag ged underneath. "Don't show your wretched chin to me, sir?" shouted the Captain. "I should advise you to leave a chin of that sort on shore before ven turing 'on another voyage, sir, Damn such a chin!" Neville said he thought his head was unshipped and . "Head unshipped!" put in the Captain; "better lose twenty heads, sir, than bring a ship into this predicament; but I'll make an example of you sir, or we shall have all hands falling overboard through their chins. Chin, indeed, Mr. Work- em ." "By heavens!" shout a doz en voices, "She's adrift!" "Down with the helm! haul out the spanker! let go the sheets!" cries the mate. The effect of Capt. Chawthewind's impatience to be again on his course was this: The helm was put up too soon, for the Skim mer of the Seas, ever obedient to the slightest intimation from her command, paid off rapidly, and bafore the boat was well clear of the water she was again be fore the wind. A rolling sea then caught the boat, unhooked and capsized her. As she passed astern the boatswain arid another seaman who had remained in her to hook her on etc., were seen struggling on her bottom. Ihey were almost immediately overwhelmed by a fierce breaking sea, and for a few seconds lost to sight. When next seen they were still struggling, but soon assumed an upright position, and remained with their heads and shoulders above water, comparatively quiet. Evidently the boat had righted herself, and, though stiil swamped, remained a fteur d'eou; only coolness and the determined will of powerful men in a death-struggle saved them; neither of them could swim (though not known on board till after wards,) and both of them married men. The sailors made a rush to the small cut ter Neville among the rest. The boat was slight, though a beautiful model, but pain in her case, as in many others, covered a multitude of sins. She was defective and leaky, and by no means SOMERSET, OHIO: FRIDAY, OCTOBER IT, 1873. fit for such a sea as was now running; in fact, the caapenter had already receiv ed, orders to have her inboard, and give her a thorough repair. The only other boat oa board was the longboat, but as she was a fixture, and Stted np as a cow house, sheep pen, etc., with holes in the bottom for the discharge of drainage, she could not be thought of. As the men were about to cast o9 the gripes of the small cutter, the Captain ordered all to be kept fast, saying he would work the ship up to the swamped boat. The mainsail was then set, the yards trim med, and the ship kept "full and bye," but when attempted to be put about, from the fouling of the gear aloft and other causes, she missed stays. The two men were now a long distance off, and as they rose on a sea could be seen wav ing a shirt one of them had taken off. It was the general conviction on board that they never could be saved by the means employed. Mr. Welldon then e tiled for volunteers, and choosing two strong men commenced clearing her for lowering. A bailer was called for, when there was a general rush of the boys; the smallest was chosen as being the lightest. As the little fellow jumped into the boat the triumphant look he gave his ship mates showed that though small in sta ture he possessed a stout heart. A light bucket and tin pipe were passed into the boat. The ship being now hove to, as the boat was being lowered the Captain said, "Mr. Welldon, when you see the ensign displayed steer more to starboard; when a distinguishing pendant, more to port; when, there is no display, keep as you are going" (when a boat is in the water and a sea on, nothing can be seen floating at any distance except under ex ceptional circumstances.) The boat was now anxiously watched. At times she was lost to view in the hollow of the seas, again as she rose in sight our little friend, who had lost his cap was seen bailing most vigorously. On coming up to the two men they were found to be much exhausted, the continual washing of the seas over them, and the strenuons exertions they had to make to prevent themselves being wash ed out of the boat, had told upon them. Mr. Welldon being aware a very slight blow would stave the boat they were in, dared not venture too near the sunken one; the boat's painter was therefore hove to the two men, and one by one they were hanled into the boat. All that was taking place could be seen from the ship through the glasses as the boats rose on the seas, but with the naked eye noth ing particular could be made out. The sunken cutter was now abandoned, and her frail companion commenced her perilous return. She could be seen rap idly nearing the ship. The youngster was now assisted in bailing by one of the rescued men, for the straining of the sea had caused the boat to leak to that de gree that the two together could' barely keep the water under. The other man had taken an oar. Soon they are along side and aboard; the cheering was great, and none cheered more heartil vjthan the troops. WISTEEMUTE. His Probable Defense Statements of His Friends. From the Sioux City Journal. In all that has been written or said in regard to the horrible affray at Yank ton, the story of Wintermute, one of the principal actors, has not yet appeared in print, and as a matter of justice to all we submit the following as it was given, in substance, by his friends to a repor ter of the Journal, who failed to obtain audience with Wintermute himself: They say that from the time that Gen eral McCook first struck Wintermute in the saloon until the evening of the next day, Wintermute was in a demented state, having been so stunned by the blow that he was not conscious of what was passing, or responsible for bis ac tions in proof of which they refer to his returning to the meeting and inter rupting it, and using the unnatural lan guage he did there as saying he had been badly whipped, etc. It is also said that McCook's language was insult ing and unbearing as it could be before the encounter; that to a gentleman, it was very humiliating to bear such treat ment from one who was physically so much larger and stronger; that any one would be justified in seeking redress af ter such an encounter, even though in possession of all of his faculties, and that McCook's attack on him was un called for and unprovoked. Instead of waiting for him near the hall door, as stated by the press gener ally, it is said that Wintermute took the same seat he had occupied when he was first in the meeting, and that he could not see the General approach through the hall at all; and there was no shot fired in the hall, and he could not see McCook until he was in the Court-room where the meeting was being held. They further claim that McCook came to the hall the second time armed, and that, by accident, the first shot was fired by some one unknown, near the door, which roused Wintermute, who was sit ting near the stove, and who sud denly arose, and, as he did bo, drew his revolver and fired, missing McCook, and then advanced and fired the second fatal shot, laboring under the impression that General McCook was firing at him. To substantiate this they bring re sponsible persons to say that before the affray had fairly begun a ball was heard to pass over the heads of the crowd, and that the same lodged in the end of the room directly opposite the door. They also state that, contrary to re peatedly published statements, Winter mute was not, or never was, a candidate for the office of Secretary of the Terri tory, or any other office, since his rest dence in Dakota. It is also claimed for him that he is a man possessed of a high sense of honor and untarnished charac ter. His friends deeply deplore the sad and terrible ending of the affair, and say ah, how truly say! that whisky was at the bottom of it all. The Minnesota law compelling saloon keepers to pay ten dollars annually to the supporter of the State Inebriate Asylum has yielded twelve thousand dollars this year. An Iowa editor wrote: "During the past week we have been visiting tbe Solona of the country;" and his constant subscribers think that is a funny way to spell "saloons." JUISCELLANY THE GRAPHIC BALLOON. For the Old Country via Canaan. The Graphic balloon, patched curtail od and repaired at last, left New York on Monday, caring with it Professor Donaldson, Alfred Ford, and John A. Lunt. They started with cries of "All aboard for Europe," but landed at Ca naan, Connecticut. How it fared after the ascension, is thus stated: The first course of the balloon was due north until it had reached a proba- j ble altitude of nearly a mile, and then it turned east. The prow of the boat pointed Furopeward. Fifteen minutes from the start the course had shifted to the northeast, veering eastward again when it was last seen from the Capitol-1 ine Grounds. The surface wind was blowing from the south, but the balloon seemed to have already- risen above it, and struck some sort of an easterly cur rent. From the highest points of New York and Brooklyn it was visible until after 10 o'clock, and at that time it seem ed to be just penetrating the dense cloud-. When last seen from the signal service room in the tower of the Equitable building through a powerful glass it looked like a black dot in the clouds. Its distance was then estimated to -be forty miles, and it was going northeast erly at a height of about a mile. ALL SORTS OF CUBKEXTS. Two of the carrier pigeons arrived at the farm of their owner in River Cliff, Connecticut, ' before 11 o'clock. They carried the following despatches from the balloon: Is the Clouds, 10:05 A. M. We are forty-seven hundred feet high, going northeast. We all feel verv happy. Donaldson says: "The dream of my life is now realized." Lunt is busy doing something with the ballast, and stopping every moment to admire the surpassing grandeur of the scene. It is very hazy all around us, and light clouds are float ing below. We have just heard three cheers below, and have given a "toot, toot," with the fog horn in reply. We have just struck the lower portion of the eastern current. We have just passed over Norwalk. Alfred Ford. Later It is now 10:20 o'clock, and we are two thousand feet high. Lunt is raising "the old Harry" with the horn, and we all feel jolly. The scene is mag nificent. The sun shines splendidly, and Donaldson has just been singing, "Do they miss me at home?" Ford. The balloon crossed the Sound at Glen Cove at 9:50, and . went northward over the lower corner of Westchester county. Then it shied northeastward over Bethel, Connecticut, at II, having occupied an hour and three-quarters in going about seventy miles. Its next vagary was a southern bolt of fifteen miles to Bridge port, and then a northwesterly one of about forty miles over New Haven and Waterbury. Thus far it had drifted about one hundred and thirty miles in two hours and a half. . During the next two hours it floated slowly to the north west, reaching New Canaan, Litchfield county, at 1J. AN ACCIDENT ON THE AIR LINE. New Canaan, Ct nn., Oct. 63 P. M. We have met with a terrible misfortue. In the midst of a terrible storm of rain we were trying to effect a descent, when it was thought advisable that we should leap out. Donaldsen and myself leaped twenty feet from the boat to the earth. Mr. Lunt, however, was not quick enough, and was carried away clinging to the anchor ropes. We fell 'on the farm of Mr. Charles Lewis, at North Ca naan, Litchfield county, Connecticut. I was driven over to the town of Canaan, and there, to my great surprise and joy I found that Mr. Lunt was all right. It appears that he went up the side of the mountain in the balloon, and that as soon as he found himself near the earth, he jumped into a tree and fell down through the branches upon the rocks beneath He then walked over to a farm house near at hand, and was brought over here. Of course the balloon and everything was lost. We had a very pleasant time of it up to about 12 o'clock, when we be gan to get into a stormy area in Litch field county. After passing over a moun tain we came into a valley, where all motion of the balloon was suspended, and we were for a time shrouded in a dense cloud of mist and pouring rain. The balloon ws caught and shaken with violent gusts of wind. Donaldson was uncertain what to do. At first we thought we would wait until the balloon came down, and then cut all the ropes and drop the boat, letting the bag escape. The storm, however, had increased with such violence that this seemed utterly impracticable, and Lunt advised that the valve should be opened. We were now suddenly shaken iu a gust of wind and sent to an immense height over the val ley.' The rain, which was now pouring in torrents, however, soon rendered the balloon so heavy that Bhe came down again, spinning over the tops of the trees, across a small brook, and toward a bank at the bottom of the mountains. Donaldson said' "You had better all make ready to jump out," and placed himself at the side of the boat. I followed his example, and thought Lunt had taken care of himself. When we were about twenty feet from the earth Donaldson and I jumped simultaneous- ly. The balloon was found about a mile from Canaan. Could we but live our life over again starting from boyhood, how many errors how many mistakes would we try to avoid! Men and boys make mistakes. We wonder they do not commit more. Many a spot in the road of life would be avoided. We should try to be more brave; more earnest in defence of the right, and to protect the weak. There is not a boy but who can do better than we have done. There is not a man but who can, by beginning at once, bnild himself up to a glorious position. The Athens Manengtr of Sept. 25th says: Geo. W. Hill, of Albany, in forms us, that in June he cut from two acres six tons of timothy and clover hay, and from a second mowing, during the present month, four tons more. anybody in Athens county or elsewhere can beat this, Mr. Hill would be pleased to hear from them. The eighth juror was obtained in the Stokes trial Saturday. THE NATIONAL DETECTITE. The "Secret Service" of the United States. It is well known that there are in the different departments o the Federal Government employed "various forces, such as the Inspectors of Customs, spec ial agents of the Internal Bevenue Bureau, sepcial agents of the Pot Of fice Department, etc, etc., and in the me manner, the Secret Service Division of the Treasurv Department, which, however, this that it does not confine itself or its range of labor to any cer tain specialty, but makes cognizance of all frauds perpetrated against or upon ; the United States Government, while at the same time it takes the purpose of ar- j besides furnishing the necessary infor resting and preventing the crime of j mation and keeping the officers posted counterfeiting more specially the object of its organization. The extent to which these efforts prove successful must, of course, neces- sarily depend upon the adroitness of its attaches in anticipating the depredations of evil-doors, and lead to the discovery of the machinations and plottings of the dangerous and criminal classes of socie ty. The old adage that "it takes a thief to catch a thief," has been long since exploded at least, in its literal sense; and the method pursued by" the United States Service only in part partakes of this principle. It might be termed, not 1 inappropriatively, a combination of J Fouch's and Vidocq's famous methods, differing entirely from the cumbersome j lv three or four years ago, is to-day vir systems of detection employed by the ) tually at an end; the counterfeiting now secret police of Prussia; the Inpeeteurs ; and Cabinet Noir of the late French Em pire; the Crwn-spiea of Spain; the KaUerliche Spione of Austria; and the Oriental-Russian style of setting one man to do a piece of work, detaining a second to watch him, and theu a third to watch the watchman. The system adopted by the present Chief of the Se cret Service division is more in accor dance with the Bow Street svstem of Lon- on; although somewhat modified to suit the demands and contingencies of the United Stales, with its much larger field of operations. The neccessity of some vigorous meas ures on the part of the Government to suppress counterfeits on the national securities became apparent very soon after the first issue of fractional currency. The issue were followed by the counter feits with such rapidity that hardly had tbe public had time to become familiar with the former when tbe latter would be in, circulation, doing incalculable damage, and making havoc principally among the poorer classes, who could not so readly detect the spurious article. The evil soon became so great as to claim the attention of Congress, and an ppropriation of one hundred thousand dollars (since increased to one hundred and twenty-five thousand per annum) was made by that body, and placed at the disposal of the Secretary of the Treas ury for the purpose of effecting measures for the suppression and eradication, if possible, of the crime of counterfeiting. This fund was immediately turned over to the Solicitor of the Treasury the law officeT of the department with instruc tions to use it to the best advantage for the purposes for which it was designed. This led to sundry experiments, termin- ting finally in the organization of the Secret Service Division, iu the summer of 1865, consisting of a "chief of division" and a number of subordinates, termed, tecanically, "operatives." As at present organized, the force consists of the chief, Colonel H. C. Whitley; chief assistant, T. C. Nettles! ip, and a large number of chief operatives," "operatives" and "as sistant operatives," distributed all over the country one. at least, in each ju dicial district and all reporting regu larly to headquarters. The chief of di vision is the executive officer, and guides and directs his subordinates; but the So licitor of the Treasury must approve the acts of the chief to render them valid. All commissions issued to operatives must also have his written approval; and any very important movement, involv ing the expenditure of unusual sums of money, must first be submitted to him. The ramifications of the secret ser vice division of the Treasury Depart ment extend as has already been stated all over the country. Its agents are operating on the Canada border to pre vent smuggling, and in Florida and Key West in the endeavor to stop the impor- tation of cigars and tobacco from Hava- na without paying duty. there is a branch office of the division in every city of importance, as a commercial or mone tary center, in the United States, and each of these branches is under the im- mediate supervision of a chief operative. who is required to take charge of and give his exclusive attention to the dis trict to which he has been assigned The New York branch, mV No. 52 Bleecker street, is virtually the head quarters of the division, although all re ports and the results ofaptures, such as plates, counterfeit money, dies, stamps, etc., etc., are sent to the Washington of fice and there put on record and preserv ed So much for the organization of the division, and now a few words in expl nation of the peculiar system adopted by its chief in tbe detection of crimi nals. In the successful detection and convic tion of counterfeiters, which is the spec ialty of the division, it is absolutely ne cessary, says Colonel v nitley, to use counterfeiters against their confederates. Long experience has demonstrated the fact that a spy in the camp, as a defec tive confederate, is more to be feared by an organized band of criminals than all the other machinery of detection com bined; and it is well nigh impossible to. detect leading counterfeiters, and, when detected, procure their conviction, with out the use, as an entering wedge, of men tarnished with the same crime in a lesser degree, as none other can as fully have the confidence of the great criminal. The criminal who ha had a dozen illegal transactions with his confederate enters upon the thirUenth with tbe same good faith which characterized the pre vious twelve, and finds himself within the meshes of the law through the defec tion of the party with whom be has been dealing. It is true that a great many people find objectionable points in this mode of proceed u re, and therefore are opposed to it; but to them Colonel Whft- ley pertinently puts the question: "Is this effective mode of detection a wrong done to the criminal or a right done to society?" In the experience of the very best detec tives of the present day, modern crime has become a science, with which it re quires the keenest intelligence and the most subtle ingenuity to cope successful ly. Politics, religion, art and all the appliances of steam, the telegraph and cheniii-try are pressed into its service; nothi g is too sacred or too vile for its purposes. It is the same old story over again "Desperate cases require desper ate remedies." Hence, in the detection of counter feiters, it has been (since May, 1869, when Colonel Whitley was appointed Chief of Division) and is now, the aim of the force to secure the co-operation of one of the gang to be broken up, who, as regards the movements of the parties who are being "shadowed," may alter- wards serve as State's evidence against his former confederates. The inangura- tion of this effective system somewhat similar to the plan after which the Bow street detective police operates has created distrust and can sod more alarm among the counterfeiters, as a class, than could have been accomplished by any other agency. The defection of a con federate strikes consternation into the ranks of criniivand opens the door for its final extermination. No better proof is required of the effectiveness of this system than the fact that counterfeiting on a large scale, as carried on extensive- going on being confined to the compara tively email operations of "boodle-carriers" and second-rate "cony-men." Apjjlftnn'n Juurnal. An Astonishing- Fix. . Old Mr. Mugridge, who has a cottage up at Shadyuook, invited a few of his friends to go and stay awhile and enjoy the country air. A? they were all fond of good beer, lie sent up a keg of new ale to be put in the cellar to remain un til his arrival. Saturday afternoon he and his friends went up. Afier opening the parlors and making things comforta ble, he thought a little beer wouldn't go bad; so taking his gimlet and lantern he went down to fill the flowing bowl. Arriving in the cellar, he found that the keg was leaking through an old vent, so getting his lantern down, he com menced to tap it, putting one of his thumbs over the old vent, but finding that the light wasn't good where the lantern set, he took the handle of it in his mouth and continued boring. Pretty soon the gimlet went through, and the beer came out whizzing, and as he had neglected to provide a plug, he had to put his other thumb over it. He had the beer all snug enough, but discovered that he himself was in a fix he must either stay so or lose the beer. His. mouth being in use, prevented his cal ling anybody. He turned his head to the left, then to the right, and then he would drop it in a devotional manner and make a noire between a snort and a growl. About this time he began to feel something damp under him, and found by investigating, that he was sitting in a pan of soft soap. Above him he could hear his friends enjoying themselves in the parlor playing the piano, and his daughter singing, "Father, dear Father, come home with me now," followed by "Thou art so near and yet so far." His jaws began to ache holding the lantern, and the drool was running out of each corner of bis mouth, which made him nearly frantic. His feet and legs ached too from the cramped position which he was in, and he had decided to let the beer slide, when he heard footstejw ap proach, which proved to be the servant girl coming down after coal. As soon as she got sight of him, she dropped the coal hod which fell into a tub contain ing a nest of pet kittens, killing three of them and causing the old cut to light up stairs, landing in a pan behind the stove. The loss of his pets made Uie old man so irate as to drop his lantern and rehearse that part of the dictionary which is left out. .fter scraping off the soap as well as he could, he wended his way up the back stairs to his room and changed his raiment. Returning to the parlor, he told his friends he had been out to see a man. Game Laws. The game laws of Ohio, make a staple article of local literature about this time, when so many sportsmen are scouring up their pieces for the fall shooting. ' The following is the sub stance of tbe game laws of the State: All kinds of wild duck may be killed any time from the first day September until the 15th of April. Wild geese are not protected by law. Meadow larks and kill-deers may be killed from October 1st until February 1st. Woodcock may be killed from the 4th of July until the 1st of February. Quail, pheasants and wild turkeys may be killed from the 15th of October until the 1st day of February. Doves and rabbits mav be killed from November 1st until February 1st. It is unlawful to catch, or attempt to catch, with a net, snare or trap, any quail or Virginia partridges.- It is unlawful to kill the following birds at any time: Sparrow, robin, blue-bird, martin, thrush, mocking bird, swallow, oriole, red-bird, cat-bird, chew ing or ground robin, king-bird, bobo link, yellow-bird, pewee, or fha-ba, wren, cuckoo, indigo-birid, nut-hatch, creeper, yellow-hammer or flicker, war bler or finch. The penalty for violating the law U not less than twodollars nor more than twen ty dollars, or imprisonment in the county jail not more than twenty days or both, at the discretion of the court. i)io Lewis rays: "Training men fur the prize-ring, they are not allowed to touch lager beer, tobacco or any other such stuff. Billiard players, training for a match, carefully avoid all such in dulgences. When not training, these people are likely to indulge pretty free ly in spirits and tobacco; but when seek ing tbe highest health, they are compell ed to deny themselves. And yet we constantly hear the healthfulneM of lager and the meerschaum seriously dis cussed. It is stated as a historical fact that no man who has graduated at the hend of his class in Harvard College within the last fifty-five years, hns used either spiritror tobacco, la any form. NUMBER 27. AGRICULTURE. Why Young Men have Deserted It. Exrrarta from tbe Address of W. H. Murry, at the New England Fair. It cannot be denied that agriculture in its relation to young men of New England has not held and is not now holding iu own as against other callings and pursuits. Even in this audience are hundreds of men who deserted tbe industry that their fathers followed and directed their efforts in other directions. And while ibis would naturally be the case to a certain extent, still it must be admitted that it has been true in so many instance- as to almost form a rule; so much so that the agricultural inter est are passing out" of the hands of the native into those of an imported popu lation. The subject challenges investi gation, and the question which clamors for an answer is, "Why is agriculture deserted by our young men?" One reason why the youth of New England have deserted agriculture to learn other trades and follow other pro fessions, is because agriculture did not pay. The young men of New England left the farms on which they were born and which in early life they helped to till, not because they would not yield them vast wealth, but because they would not yield them "that reasonable amount of wealth which every man needs for his own development and the support of those who would in the course of nature look to them for needed pro vision. It was not because farming did not mean riches, but because farming meant poverty, tliut our young men in so many instances have refused to be farmers. Looking upon poverty as a curse, as it has always been and is to-day the world over, that form of industry which made rightfully, hateful to them. Their rebellion was not against the soil, but against that narrow and painful condition of life which under its then method of cultivation was in separably connected with it. This, ns I feel and understand it, is the true analysis and proper statement of the case. Another reason of this desertion, on the part of our young men, of agricul tural pursuits, is to be found in the fact that agriculture .as conducted in the past has not supplied them with ei:-':er the intellectual opportunity or stimulus which they craved, and craved too wilh reason. The last forty years in this country have been years of intense mental ap plication. I doubt if any future gener ation of Americans will ever be bora that shall equal the two represented by this audience in intellectual energy. They will excel us in culture, but not mental activity. For forty years the American intellect has been driven at jxpress speed. Like the chariot of fire in ancient story, the flame that illumi nated the path of its progress has been generated by the rapid revolutions of its own wheels. Look at what it lias achieved in the way of subjugating and directing physical forces and shaping material forms! Its inventions are the marvel, of the world. It would seem that the American mechanic and ma chinist never slept. The opposition of nature has been so gigantic that noth ing less than incessant application to-day could clear the path to-morrow. Under such conditions, no wonder that the brain force of the nation has lieen, in the aggregate, astonishingly develop ed. The branch of industry that lias shar ed least in this general mental activity is beyond doubt the agricultural. .Un der the old method of farming there was little necessity or provocation to think. It was a life and pursuit in which the hand played the most import ant part and the brain was left in the back ground. In that old order horti culture, arboriculture, horiculture, sci entific breeding of the domestic animals, and those other branches of agriculture that call for ingenuity and enterprise, and result in culture, were nearly un known. Farming was only a dull rou tine of planting potatoes and corn, hoe ing and haying, and reaping and gath ering the crops in the autumn. This, with the handling of the winter's wood and repairing fences, composed the an nual round. Now in all this the brain played no part. The hands did it all, and were able to do it all. There was no recreation, no culture; and almost no re ward. The arms and legs did all the work, and got all the profit. The mind did nothing, and gained nothing but rusted through ignoble disuse. From such a life every active minded young man naturally broke away. Jt was a life in which labor was only a kind of base physical toil. There was no spring, no elastricity to it. There was no chance to rise or grow. The great, wide, stirring, progressive world was only a few miles away, wilh its splendid opportunities to amass and achieve, fcven its lower grades of in dustry were instructive and expansive. How could he stay on the ancestral patch, and be content? He could not, and I claim he had no richt J.o remain. No industry is worthy a young man's fol lowing, unless it ministers to the higher and diviner side of his nature. A pur suit that merely takes the body and sup ports the body is base, and should be de spised. This was one cause why farm ing was despised by the young of th land. It was a mere manual toil. In it the hand was of higher use than the head. Muscle was absolutely worth more than brain. A man with one idea was as valuable as he whose niihd was quick with suggestion. A fool of Web ster's size was as good a man on the fnrm as Webster While the mechanic of the nation were perfecting themselves in their several trades, and the machinist of the nation belting the globe with their ships, mid the manufacturers bringing the skill of the Old World to our shores, and every other form of industry was racing along with emulation, the New England far mer continued to plod on In the path which led him year by year Into deeper discontent "and poverty. In this way ambition and enterprise, wealth snd cul ture were alienated from the soil to which they should be most warmly at tached, and in the cultivation of which whatever is best in man's mind and heart can and should find its highest exercise and most enduring pleasure. Riches as a means of beneficence to one's self and others are desired, but the object of life to be despised. Riches may come, but they do not express the object of individual or governmental ex istence. Our fathers did not fight that we, their children, might be rich, but that we might be true. If the Republic stands for laws wisely framed and im partially administered; for economy in administering the government and hon esty in collecting the tuxes, for virtue protected and intelligence spread abroad amid the people; and in the personal rectitude of those who are elected to honor. No one so silly represents the republican idea as the man who gains and uses wealth only for selfish ends; who having been elected by the people to frame laws for their protection filches money from their jiocketB with one hand and votes to legalize the villainous trans action by holding up the other. No, never let it be said that the worth and dignity of any pursuit are measur ed by the money standard. There is that in every honorable calling which makes it dearer to its followers than the coin it brings them. And agriculture is full of what might be called these com pensations. In bodiely health and men tal peace; in the absence of temptations and tumult; in the domestic joy and home privileges that it allows and in sures; in the frank, honest companion ships it enconrages; and in the knowl edge and love of Him who presides benignly over hill and plain, house and fold, in these the agriculturist finds a wealth which rust cannot corrupt nor thieves break througlit ami steal. Wf can not afford to allow agricul ture to pass into decadence. When the farming class shall be considered as un inferior class we have revived the disas trous distinctions of the middle ages. It is because the New England farmer has not been a serf or a peasant that New England has become what she is. I doubt if a Republic could endure in any country where agriculture is not the prime industry. When wealth and cul ture and civic honors have been divor ced from the soil of the country, the country itself will have sunk into la mentable debasement. For it cannot bo denied that the forces that originated and secured for us our free institutions came as directly from the soil as the si res tn s flow down from our unlive hills. The land-holder ii all civilizations Las been a noble. A part of the country was his; his to love, to improve, to de fend. Having rights himself, he was easily educated to regard the ric;lil of others. IVing a lord himself he could not become a slave. Calm of judgment, economic in expenditures, fervid in his patriotism, bringing to the dir-ctission of every question the presem e ot all true scholarship. Strong common sense re garding civic position as a duly, not us a sinecure, the early ngrietiltui int of the country was, of all others, tin; very man to stake out the foundation of a temple, in which, when I.uildi d, liberty might gather aiid pour out her treasure up on all mankind. It is not on the farm that little children are worked fourteen hours each day the year round, deprived of school and home infliienccs. It is not on the farm that men learn to "coiner" great interest and impoverish the many that unprofitable wealth may be added, to the few. It is not on the farm that men learn how to manipulate caucuses and then celebrate the success or their trickery with a supper at the city's ex pense. Nor is it on a farm that a man acquires that hardened .indaeify to steal the money of the man whoso guest lie i, and then, when the neighbors tire aroused go forth to the steps of the hoiHe nod coolly defend bis act as in perfect a. -cordancc with the constitution nnj t In laws of the land. No, gentlemen, such men never could never have founded a Massachusetts; nor can such men ever perpetuate her honor. But I will detain you no longer, and yet I linger in closing as one whose pen has found a congenial if riot a familiar theme. ISeyond the walls of this tent, look -ing over your heads anil fur away, 1 rc hold the hills and vales of New Englsuil. In those vales tind undiy the shadow f those, hills most of us were born. The roads along which we run to school; the little streams where we learned to fish; the fences we helped to build, fields where we learned to toil; the dripping well where we eagerly quenched our thirst, all aro there."" We have chunked, but they remain the same. Our faces fade, the rose withers from the cheek and the luster deserts the eye, but nature seems immortal in her youth ai! reni n s her beauty with the coining of every Spring. Ther is something soothing and sustaining in this jiermanence of nature. Life is a shadow and our eyes ncho in watching it, so rapidly does it fly, but the "soil beneath our feet and the sky above our heads, these pass not, but re main and abide as nourished and upheld by tbe hand of their Creator. Wanton Slaughter of Cattle by In dians in Colorado. St. Lorist, Octolwr 9. A letter from Pueblo, Colorado, October 5, gives the details of the wanton slaughter and scat tering of cattle by the Indians iu La-tent and Southern Colorado along the upper waters of the Arkansas River. It appears that on September "2 n parly of some three hundred Indians, t-on-Uiing of Cheycnnes, Arapnhoes and Kiowas came into the Arkansas Valley from the south, and camped opposite Fort Lynn and near Las Animas. The command ing officer of Fort Lyons had a talk with the chiefs; but could learn nothing of the intention i f the Indians. They claimed the country as their own, find said they projwised to rotim over it us they pleased. They were all warriors, each armed with breech -loading Gov ernment rifles, one or two good revolv ers, bows, sjienrs, Ac, and each "lending an extra horse. The commandant ot Fort Lyon requested tbe band ( return to their reservation, to which they re plied they would go when ready, niul talked very inipiiduiitly. Two days af ter they left, proceeded lip the Arkan sas River throngh the srllleiiicnts, srnt lered in band" along the various tribu tary streams, and Wgsn indiss riioiiuni slaughter and stampeding of cattle, com pelling tbe herders to look fr then-. This continued alxmt a week, duriitm which time seven 1 hundred cuttle cic killed, and great excitement and conti -i -nation created among the settlers, 1 ii IiuiuIhts of whom Hocked Into I'm -hi" and other town-. At lat necot:iiH lh Indians were going toward a s-n lenient on the 1ji Animas River Ih low Trine nan, niui cn i-n- m-n- flnmi-n ,o o Severn! small coinpnnies have alrendv gone out to defend the settlements. 1 o or three herders, who attempted to de fend their herds, are repotted ki'U.1 The Indians came frowi th" re- r-nti. - - s . . 1 1 f ' t -. . : i I . I ni'ir r ill roil. .tiniTiirr nni I m e asked for, but none revived tip to .Ui r Th most certain wheat binds in t ali f fnmis lie Jn th mountains.