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The Somerset press. [volume] (Somerset, Ohio) 1873-1977, September 29, 1881, Image 2

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Life la the Bahamas.
ThonwUr, S'P- 29.
Anybody who wUhes to survey the
most picturesque aspect of Niuuua life
should visit tiie quavs between seven
and eight o'clock' in the morning-.
Then there in a exeat bustle at the
- one dollar and FtFTr ckmt market-place, where the , fishermen
bring in the night's catch, and remark
able varieties of strange creatures of
the deep, glowing with prismatic hues,
are tumbled out upon the planks.
Grotesque old women disilav their
little stock of fruit and vegetables. No
one seems to possess more than a few
cent's worth; but if their business is not
ctensive it is conducted with amazing
ndubility. A little pile of cocoanuts, a
mall basket of oranges, and a bunch of
ananas, will be enough to 1 uinisn a
Itall of the better class: while the
mailer dealers set forth penny
alads, consisting of half an onion and
two or three minute fig-tomatoes, ar
ranged in a piece of cocoanut-shell, with
maybe sprig of some savory herb.
Here is a tray of shelled peas; there
dozen or so of wretched Irish potatoes.
quite put out of countenance by a
mighty yam. An armful of crooked
sticks the flotsam of the reefs is
offered for fire-wood, a commodity ot
which there is but small consumption
in a town where nearly all of the houses
are built without chimneys. At every
turn there are supplies of sugar-cane,
cut into lengths convenient for chewing.
Almost everybody nas a piece; the
Nassua negro must be wretched, indeed,
who cannot afford himself this luxury.
and it is offered for sale at most of the
cabins along the roads. Close by the
market is the mooring place of the
sponge-fishers; on a neighboring wharf
la tiie bponge r-xcnange, wnere tne
product of the fishery is sorted in heaps
according to quality; and there are ware
houses on Bay street where it is packed
in bales for exportation. The sponge is
obtained in various parts of the Baha
ma waters, some of it by divers, some
with the aid of grappling-hooks, and it
undergoes a preliminary purification be
fore it is brought into port a necessary
nraiit.inn for t.hft Rinell of a. frpKh
Kvery man on the J'Jreeiilack tick- sponge is not nice. The boats of the
et is not only worthy of the support of spongers are not pleasant to look at.
the Greenback party but of the peo- dirty to the last degree. The negro
pie of the County. I crew is generally a large one in propor-
IIUU M tUC I'll V Tcoari. lO
a dreadful little cabin at the stern, and
amidships on deck is an open box filled
As we go to press we have ad ve with sand and stones as a fireplace or
from New BtrniUville of an increased rfn,l7inVX
(Sreenback vote iu that locality. I cide whether he sails as a passenger
or as a scullion. Perhaps the captain
takes him along for the sake of his
Nothing is more amusing in the mar
ket-place and on the adjacent quays and
streets than the costumes of the women.
Three-quarters of the population are
If he is depending on black, and the crowd in all public re-
ui w IB niiuu?ii cAuuanciv uilu a. Alio
women in the town have a strong taste
W. p. MMirpKi...
National Labor Grerccnbacl. Ticket.
Lieutenant Governor
Supreme Judge,
Attorney General,
O. M. Tfa'TTLES,
Treasurer ot Stale.
Mriulter iloiir.. Pulilin Work,
County Ticket.
I'rolote Judge,
J. J. AC1I A El'K.
A ml i lor.
omin'e in
Infirmary Dim-tor,
ILeiiieinUr that only a little over at
week vet rti'iiiiiii until the election.
The most absurd thing we have
heard reported lately is that Frank
McKenna had captured the Green
Lack vote.
Greenback votes for his election we
would advice him to get his haversack for finery, and for many of them the
mantel Becomes a piace oi iasnionaoie
assembly. Their broad straw huts are
lined with white lawn, wreathed
readr to cnnvuxs for the Hifctnry of
Perry (Joiinly.
"iMMtWATK" paymentof the bonds
u immediate as it can !e done no
refunding no redeemable currency,
with pink flowers nnd bits of gay ribbon
and tipped up jauntily behind. ' The
gown of muslin or thin calico ii bright
in color, clean, well lining, amply
flounced and milled, nnd in must cases
it expands behind into a long (weeping
train. But when the duskv wearer has
a . a", . a I i'H.
but an issue by tiieuovcrnnieni oi a a,,(Ied to this jr..,, a pretty m,cktie and
full legal-tender paper money. That maybe a showy belt, her ingenuity in
u Greenback doctrine, nnd the doc- ft .- . rt ..
Irine that will win, and wich I together and below it appear bare feet, or else a
with war upon all monopolies, WU1 pair of ragged boots badly broken at
1 . , , ' . , . the toes and invariably cut down at the
elect tne nrsi ureeuuucn i rt.ucu iu
heels; they are kept on with ditlicultv
Mid reduce the gait to a clat'eriug sort
of scuffle, so that in the movement of a
orowd of women there is a peculiar and
altogether comical rcsonaiice. fche
who can snow a "proper good pair ot
shoes is proud indeed. 1 met a young
Look at the incineraied sullcrers in
Michigan, blinded, lamed, crazed by
the terrible calamity which overtook lady of color yesterday whe had laced
them. Her indeed is a fitting reason V"'.."' " .
lor I'JDds ami subscription: ivais .ess to add that her skirts were not per
through the ashes of a thousand homes mitted to hide these luxuries from the
.i i . ?- 1 1: i public eye.
see tne agu gi oping in iieipiCTS ui.uu- Uut 0, town tlie a,,par(.i ,,f the colored
Dess with scorched, anguished hands; peoplo is bv no means so elaborate,
see fathers gathering the charred bones Women lif COver their shrunk
6 6 , ... shanks with a single scanty petticoat,
of their children, and husbands sifting an(j throw over their bodies a wretched
the flesh cinders to find remnants of garment of a character and a color
a , . a ,t equally impossible to deline. The dress
mat wnicu was nesn oi meir iiesn; uem o the-uifcll- COUHi(1ts altiust universally
children clamoring for the food they of rags, and very little of them. X met
an oiu negro who wore, uesiues panta
limna. tliA hImuvph iiml voir A of a Itlnr
which has been licked into nothing- shirt without anv body, the tattered re
K tint flumoa in..l thn roninr.re mains hanging like a" fringe across his
i i t it A . . . chest and shoulder blades. Except for
un uu .toms. u'" f"" appearance's sake 1 should think he
in that hell of fire, and hundreds more might as well have worn no shirt at all
. .. .... . i t- 1 1 ua tne same roan x encountered a
wicu uuvil ivm Bvuiisvs, nun, mm
with the memory of its writhing vic
tims even of their own households,
scoroned into their brain forever.
Here, indeed, u a held tor charity; a
need for a fund, a demand for sub
scriptions. Where is Cyrus Field's
same road
vounr srentleman of about lifteen Years
j o e . ... ;
wno carried a burdun on his head, and
wore a doubled-breasted waistcoat
with nothing whatever below it. The
weather, in this delectable isle, where
the summer lasts all winter long, con
tinues to be very like the northern June,
It is true that the general disturbance
of the elements which has vexed both
name on the list; how many thousands hemispheres this season has not been
, . a ..ft w without some influence even in Nassua,
nas ne given io me iuicnigausuiiereriH bnt the deviations fronl the nomai
warmth and sunshine have not been
great. The thermometer of late has
stood three or four degrees below its
customary mark, but it has been as
steady as ever, almost invariably
recording seventy or seventy-one
me, and seventy-
three or seventy-four at diuner, which
them, for he doesn't hide liiem In a nap
kin or under a bushel, but. ji diciousij
handled, they bring him bao c his owr
The fakir," it ma y be incidentally
xplained, is the gentleman with a little
hand bag and a folding stand, whe
during the winter haunts Droadway
corners for short periods, and who is
constantly haunted in turn by ghosts of
the Broadway squau. in the summer
he prefers to get out of the city where
Eeople are apt to know too much and
e takes kindly to any irregular and
rascally industry from three-card moute
and thimble rigging to corn plasters.
the lightning calculator and bogus soap
packages, containing mythical green
backs. He is greatly given to country
fairs and rural racing tracks. He
changes his abiding place frequently
and rapidly and is the nearest resem
blance in a human way to the traditional
flea. For $1.25 he can get live pounds
of soap suitable for his purpose, which,
cut in cubes and wrapped in tissue pa
per, complete his stock with the aid of
two or three stray counterfeit bills or
ex-lager beer keg stamps or anything
else that looks like a greenback. Or.
in an emergencv, haif a dozen new
bronze cents (1881) may answer for
quarter eagles. A little legerdemain
aud a ready tongue do the rest.
i lie enterprising young man from
Gotham generally manages, by glib talk
and oue-quarter second glimpses of sup
posititious greenbacks, to get rid of his
twenty-live cents a pound soap at a rate
a twenty-tive cents an inch, at about the
time when the racing begins. Leaving
his tripod and handbag behind a con
venient door or under a convenient
floor, he makes his way to the spot
where the betting men are congregated
and proceeds to take a great interest in
the coming races. He gets enthusiastic
on the favorite always the favorite
learns the odds and picks out a con
venient greenhorn. The greener the
rustic the more likely he is to "know
all about it." lhe odds nre, say, $100
to $80 on the favorite. The (lothamite
in his enthusiasm oilers $100 to $50,
and half a dozen smart gawks offer to
take him up at once. They are even
anxjous to show the stranger from the
city that they know a thing or two and
that he is not as smart as he would like
to have them think. His game is to
work up to this point every time. The
minute the rustic has got himself to
thinking he has " caught a Hat" he is
lost, and Gotham knows it only too
well. He gets out a big roll of bills, a
judicious mixture of greenbacks and
counterfeits, the many small ones be
ing genuine and the few big ones bogus
and iinds to his chagrin, of course, that
he has only $85. " Well," he says, "I'll
put this up against your 50." The
countryman is too smart for that and
insists on the original terms, rather
sneering at the greeuness of the city
man who doesn't apparently compre
hend what is due from one sporting man
to another. Gotham does not neglect
to become immediately nettled. His
pride is touched. He pockets his money
and goes down in his vest for his ticker.
" Here, he fays, is my chronometer:
gave 150 for it six mouths ago. Upkhe
goes." If country expresses any doubt
upon the sub)ect out comes a receipt.
" liliany iV Co., isew lorn, an regu
lar, for Gotham is never caught nap
ping and the country accepts the situa
tion. Moral If the favorite loses
Gotham is out $1.20; if he wins he is in
$50. In taking off the ten-cent chain,
which is not iu the bet, the fakir dex
terously winds the watch, for its guar
anteed thirty minutes, and whatever
the result of thp race the rural betting
man is taken in and Gotham has tunc to
catch the train before the discovery is
mule. y. Y. Oraphic.
The Story of a IVt Rat.
A colored man whom 1 shall call
Eiias. who serves a3 a coachman for my
friend Mr. M., says "the Philosopher"
oi the Syracuse Herald, was once em
ploy ed in a boarding-house which was
inte.sted with rats, lie devised an ap
paratus, consisting of an empty barrel
with an iuviting but untrustworthy top.
which he put to effective use as a trap
for the sleek marauders. The landlady
was delighted and paid him a cent for
avery rat he caught and the name of
his victims was legion. Laeh morning,
after he had coitnted the spoils of the
night and received his pay he would
take his rats in a bag to the proprietor
of a Sorting establishment down town,
who paid him two cents apiece tor them
and presumably turned them to profit
able account in his pit. Amonghiscatch
one day was a handsome fejuale speci
men to which ttias toot a decided fan
cy and lie resolved to tame ner. bhe
responded kindly to his advances, and
became in time so gentle that she would
eat out of his hand aud play about his
person, running up and down his
sleeves and so forth. Her affection for
him and her faculty of .memory were
once proved in a notable way. Some
body carelessly let her out oi ner cage
during her owner's absence, and in a
few moments she had found her way
into one of her accustomed holes in the
wall and was glorying in her freedom.
Weeks passed, and, as she did not
appear again, she was given up for
lost. One evening Elias was smoking a
quiet pipe in the laundry, when he saw
a rat put its head out ot a clunk iu the
wainscot. 15y way of experiment, but
scarcely hoping for success, he called
softly the name of his old pet: " Jinny!
.jinny!' Ao his surprise the annual
emerged from its hiding-place, ap
proached him cautiously, and then ran
up his trousers-leg into his lap and com
posed itself for his caresses. It was in
deed his missing Jinny. She allowed
him to carry her back to her cage, and,
when there, weut straight to the saucer
from which she had been accustomed
to .eat her food and drink. For a long
time after that master and rat were in
separable; but by and by the former
changed his quarters, and iu his new
home had no convenience for keeping
his little companion, so he SQld her for
two dollars to a retail liquor dealer,
who put her behind his bar for the en
tertainment of his customers and grew
very much attached to her.
One day Elias was passing the shop,
and its owner called him in. " I have
lost Jinny," said he, " and none of us
can recover her. If you get her for me
1 will give you htty cents. lhe chal
lenge was accepted on the spot and the
colored man tried the magic of his
voice. It was as eflickent as before.
Out cf a hole near by trotted Jinny, ap
parently overjoyed to see her friend
once more, and surrendered herself to
his hands with ingenuous confidence.
From that day to this, if I recall his
story aright, he has never seen her.
Sayings of Solon Chase.
With the immense immigration
from all the nations of Europe to this Aegreea t breast ti
country the iucrease of our own pop- three or seventy-four i
ulation and the increase of production j8 certainly a comfortable and genial
. 1 1 ii temperature. A.dayanda half ot ram
and busiues that would naturally tol- was followed by a day of wind-squall.
low, how can anybody suppose there and there have been several days of
.. . , . ., . alternate sunshine and cloud. The
wogld be too much money if the coin- people af Naggau caU theBe ,,ays of bud
age of silver should be made free and weather, 1 wonder what they would
i :.,. :i u think of our weather at home. Cor.
A man who is unable to discover
any error or mistakes in the opinions
he formerly held, ' not likely to ad
New York Tribune.
Traps for the Unwary.
Of the invention of Hew wiles for the
unwary, and for the especial amusement
i1 Ilia tninil rti artllla twit, lliniij iu nn aiiul
vance very fant in the acquirement of I jn enterprising Gotham. The latest and
knowledge. I one ot Uni most barefaced of the swin-
UIOS, CfclLIIUUL' II 11 i;tl L1CUIUI I V lieilb, 19
lJo not look lor any truth about reported to have been very successful.
the National Greenback idda in the " , . carried on principally by the
old party pre. Ignorance or sailing ni other places where rU(jtic betting
under secret orders can only Htrlko the men are most likely to be found. Two
. .1 i : i , ,i., .. , qualities are only necessary to success,
nut., uj .t.u4 and thefJe are the tWQ ound m
ly. the wandering swindler, city or country
If a-.., ,J ft.- fnn.ll.. J. rPlunly..1 cUBt ana the ability to em-
.. ... . v.. -1 .grate without delay lu an emergencv.
ders was of less value the great mass The stoyk in trade is a bogus watch.
of th. people would find their nrooerJ BUcn.a are now n,a,1 m. ft 'l"'"'1'
ty increased in value.
Is this a government of the jioople
and for the people or for a few fund
ties by the notion manufacturers. They
make a gilt stem-winding watch which
has a solid look about it and readily de
ceives the uninitiated,' which they can
sell to the jobbers and wholesalers for
ninety-two cents by the gross. It has
u Htiriiitr Hiid a niLir of wheels Het lit n
Before any more national bank note sixty-muiute to the hour gait, and which
are issued we should first have the full w,u r"n for half an hour or so. Just long
t e ! e m euougn, iu lact, vo vuuoiu uie nwiuuier
benefit ofthe;free coinage of silver to leave town or get conveniently out of
sight, lhe stem has a rachot atluch
iuciit,' which makes a sound on winding
and gold
We have only to go on with the
work of agitation in this country until
we drive the silver into 'the heart of
every national bo ml.
It took 200 years to learn that hea
vy loads could be moved easier on iron
rails than in the sand. How long
will it take the nations of the earth
up much like the genuine article, and
the main wheel has a straight spring
ratchet, which, as the wheel revolves,
gives out a tick, tick of the right sort.
The whole thing is got up with an aris
tocratic air and is as good looking as it
is rascally, especially when attached to
a ten-cent tire-gilt chain which won't
tarnish within twenty-four hours after
being exposed to the air, but whose ul
tlmate destiny makes it
so extremely
to learn that we cannot fkeep step to wr? aT'ue ""V ver'F18, 8t"8
I .Tint a fi ri crura I httn nntimflv tiinobu
the music of the advancing ad of are sold by the jobbers to the " fakirs"
civilization with a diminUhing volume atfl.20 a piece, and the patent soap
. . I and liver-pad man seldom leaves the
of moneyr cjt wjt,hout making a 5 investment iu
The French Conscription - Annual
Drawing of Keeruits for the Army.
An annual drawing for the conscrip
tion of the yearly military contingent
the French call it the Tirage an Sort
is now going on in fans, lhe draw
ing in 1'aris lasts about three weeks.
The young men of each of the twenty
arrondissements of the Capital are
called out iu their turn. The ceremony
takes place on the ground floor of the
Falace of Industry, in the Champs Ely
sees. A large temporary salle is formed
for the reception of the recruits. At
the end of it rises a platform, on which
the Mayor of the district, with his tri
colored scarf, and the military authori
ties in mutti, are seated round a large
green-baized table. The Triitge takes
filace in alphabetical order, so many
etters being called up at the same time.
Each young man h:is his paper contain
ing his name, address, profession, etc.
and as he ascends tho platform he hands
it to an ollicial. On his name being
called out the youth passes in front of
the Fresident, advances toward a kind
of urn, thrusts his hand into it and
draws out a number, which is at once
proclaimed bv another ollicial standing
by, who takes good care that the youth
shall not draw two numbers or replace
the one drawn by sleight-of-hand trick
a maneuver whieh is sometimes at
tempted. As the number is announced
a feeling of sympathy, whether it be a
bad or a good number, is expressed by
the other youths whff are waiting.
Formerly those who who drew the good
numbers, which are the low ones, were
exempted from the service, and only
the bad numbers, or high ones, had to
serve; but now all of them have to enter
the army, with this difference, how
ever, that the good numbers serve
only one or two years, whereas
the bad ones are bound for the whole1
live years with the active army.
A proposal now before Parliament
would abolish the Tirage au Sort, by
making all the recruits servo three
years and a half. As the youths de
scend from the platform they naturally
demonstrate their good or bad luck;
those who draw low numbers wave
their caps with delight; the others man
ifest their despondency, not to say de
spair. These feelings, however, aro
calmed down and blended together as
the conscripts emerge from tho build
ings. The scene outside is even more curi
ous than inside. Here the friends and
families of tho future soldiers congre
gate in large numbers, for they are not
allowed to enter the conscription-room.
Fathers anil mothers are awaiting for
their sons, sisters for their brothers,
and sweethearts for their lovers. Many
a touching episode may be witnessed as
the young man returns and announces
his fate to those near and dear to him.
Tho first emotion over, the conscripts
throw care to the winds and prepare to
celebrate the tlay which is to mark such
an important epoch in their lives They
bedeck themselves with tri-colored rib
bons and rosettes, and pin the number
they have drawn, painted on colored
paper, on their breasts and caps. Soma
of them, who belong to musical socie
ties, bring down their instruments and
enliven tho crowd with patriotic airs.
They next adjourn to the wine shop,
where they baptize their colors and
drink to the corps to which they will
ere long belong. J he how of soul often
goes on till dusk sets in, and then they
resolve to turn home. Headed by a flag-
bearer, they march through the streets
singing tho ' Marseillaise" and similar
songs. Others who live further off club
together and hire a van, which they
decorate with bunting and as they drive
along the boulevards, singing, shouting
and laughing, the passers-by stop and
gaze and maybe aak themselves where
these gay recruits will lead the flag ol
France when the irrepressible revanche
comes of. Lunilmi Standard.
The Trade in Human Hair.
A reporter of the New York Evening
Mail recently had an interview with one
of the largest importers of human hair,
and from him learned some interesting
facts concerning this peculiar business.
In 1859 and 1800 between 150,000 and
200,000 pounds of hair was imported
into this country, valued at something
like $1,000,000. In 18G5 it had in
creased ' to nearly three times this
amount. Paris sends a large portion to
Russia as well as to America, where a
ready sale is always found. France and
Italy give the best quality of hair. It
is liner in texture, more even in color,
and glossy. Its chief value i3 in its
length. . Alter it goes on the market it
is assorted, which task is attended with
much difficulty. The prices range from
$15 to $200 per pound, according to
color and length. Short, coarse hair is
much cheaper. Gray and white hair
sells from $100 to $200 per pound. One
dealer in this city was once offered as
much as $400 per pound for a parcel of
pure white hair, and this sum he re
fused, selling it subsequently for $450.
The hair is shipped to this country pre
pared and unprepared, lhat which is
prepared undergoes a process of wash
ing, scouring and cleansing, all the oil,
It was one of the ancient sages who
said: "The goodncs. of gold is tried
by lire, the goodnuss of women by gold,
and the goodness of uieu by women."
dirt and other substances being separa-
ted from it, leaving it perfectly free
from all unhealthy influences. That
which is shipped in a raw or unpre
pared state is subjected to the same
process after its arrival. It is then
ready to be made into switches, curls,
plaits, fronts, wigs, chignons, and not a
small amount is used in the manufacture
of hair jewelry. The duty on the raw
material is twenty cents per pound, oil
cleaned and drawn hair it is thirty cents,
and on manufactured hair it is forty
cents per pound. On other hair, not
human, it is ten cents per pound. There
are many instances given of changing
It is saiil that persons have from ex
cessive grief found their hair changed
from a dark-brown to almost a perfect
white; others from the same cause m
the short space of one week discovered
their hair streaked with gray, giving
them the appearance, although young,
of being old. This may be said of the
famous elocutionist, the late Dr. Henry
Bellow. His hair is said to have turned
to a silvery gray in one night, brought
about by domestic trouble. Other per
son's hair changes color from extreme
A curious caso was mentioned of a
worker iu metals, who had wrought in
copper only live months, and whose
hair, which was white, turned to a green
color. Chemical analysis-showed that
the hair contained a quantity of acetate
of copper, and it is to this circumstance
that the man's hair owed its beautiful
green color, which was both singular
and remarKaoit
The practice of wearing false hair is
many hundred years old. The Greek
and Roman ladies were, in olden times-.
as active at their toilet tor the head as
the fashionable ladies at tho present
day. a lost ot the hair at that tune was
obtained from the Germans, and they
m turn from their slaves. Powdering
the hair is not so much in vogue in this
country as it is in Europe. History
tells us that the consumption of hair
powder by tho ladies of George ll.'e
time was simply enormous. It was
calculated that, inasmuch as the mili
tary force of England and the colonies
was then about 250,000, each man used
a pound of Hour a week for powdering
the hair. This would give 0,500 tons
per annum an amount that would sus
tain ao.000 persons on bread. Gold and
silver powder was also used. Josephus
relates that Solomon's horse-guards
uaiiy covered meir heads with gold dust,
which glittered in the sun, and there
are several instances recorded in tho 15i-
ble of silver powder being used. The
ancient Greeks were very partial to
long hair, considering it very becom
ing, while the Egyptians regarded it ns
an incumbrance, aud had their heads
shaved. They preferred wigs to natural
hair. The ancients, generally speaking.
strangely considered a tine head of hair
so desirable that it became almost sacred
with them. They frequently dedicatod
it to thu gous on important occasions,
such as marriage, victory, or escaping
from any great danger, and tho burial
of particular friends.
Hair contains a very small quantity of
water manganese. Iron aud various
salts of lime have bceu found by tho
various methods of amalgamation. It
is owing to tins' that hair is peculiarly
indestructible. It has been found on
mummies more than twenty centuries
old in perfect order and not by uiy
means rotten.
During the past few years there has
been a gradual decline of human hair of
the tiiicr texture. Now there is a glut
m m market oi uuw hair and where
at one time the value jf human hair Im
ported to this country would amount t
$8,000,000. it does not now exceed $1,
000,000. A large portion of hair cornea
from Paris direct. It is obtained in va
rious ways, as before stated. It is gen
erally collected by agents, who scout
the country towns and villages as ped
dlers and exchange their goods for an
attractive head of hair. They then sell
it to the larger dealers, while the small
dealers also collect the hair in parcels
and they in turn sell it to the exporters.
White and blonde hair is the most ex
pensive, as it is scarce, particularly if
the color of the latter is good. White
hair brings from $8 to $100 an ounce,
the short hair being used for ladies and
gentlemen's wigs. The long hair is
used for switches and chignons and is
more valuable than gold. The average
hair is from twenty-six to thirty-six
inches long, and is made into switches.
The short hair is made into curls,
coquette and Saratc-i waves. Yak hair
undergoes a process ot refinement and
is sold for human I.f.ir. Few persons
can tell the difference, although it costs
very little. It can be bought for forty
to fifty cents per pound manufactured.
Orraveyards and hospitals are made to
supply hair, which sells for a moderate
price. A large quantity of hair is also
collected from prisons on the continent.
Italy and .Naples give large quantities
of what is known as "combings." This
is mixed with Chinese hair, a large por
tion of which is sent to this country.
The Chinese hair is mostly used for
switches, on account of its length and
aftfir being bleached can not be told
from ordinary women1 s hair. This is sold
from fifty cents to $1 per poand, where
as ordinary hair would sell from $8 to
$50 and $100 per pound. A great deal
of this cheap hair is worn by ladies who
do not care about paying high prices,
but they little know where the hair
comes from anil under what circum
stances or whether it is graveyard or
hospital hair.
The amount paid for entry into the
Custom House on imported hair of dif
ferent kinds for 1878 was $150,581; for
1879, 22:5,831, and for this year, up to
July last, $163,o76.
It is expected that the amount paid
for duty this year will bo less than last
year, although the quantity of hair im
ported may be larger, by reason of its
cheapness and its being imported in a
raw state.
The Order of the Golden Fleece.
The name of the Golden Fleece had
a two-fold signification. It meant to
typify the spirit of chivalrous adventure
of going into new lands to conquer
new fame the same spirit which ac
tuated the Argonauts of legend, who
weht in search of the Golden Fleece.
But there was also the religious idea.
The Savior has been represented under
tho form of a lamb. To win His re
demption by "knightly" deeds, in the
best signilication of that noble word,
was obviously an object of the new so
ciety ot chivalry.
High privileges were early conferred
on the Knights of the Fleece, whose
number was originally limited to thirty
one. When the Counts of Egniont and
Horn were illegally executed under the
reign of Philip 11. on accouut of the
stand they made for the liberties of
their country, they both appealed
against the sentence, alleging, among
other reasons, that as Knights of the
Fleece, they had the right to be tried
by their brother knights.
Alter the war of the Spanish succes
sion, which lett a isourbon on the throne
of Spain, there arose a dispute between
the Emperor and the iving ot bpain as
to which of them had the right to the
sovereignty of the order. The question
is an extremely complicated one. The
Emperor Charles VI., as heir male of
the Hapsburgs, might fairly claim the
knightly heritage as his right. On the
the other hand Philip of Bourbon might
urge descent through an heiress and
plead that in Spam aud the Low Countries
the salic law had never been recognized.
The matter was finally arranged through
treaty, the Emperor and King of Spain
being recognized as joint graudraasters
of the order, with equal power to name
knights. lhe Austram and Spanish
badges of the order are almost though
not quite identical in form. Each has
the well-known collar of gold and flint
stones, with the typical device, "Ante
ferit quam ilamma micat," though the
nobler legend runs " Pretium nou vile
The Archdukes of Austria and the In
fants of Spain are all, as a rule, Knights
of the Fleece. In later years the order
has beeu conferred with what must to
heralds have appeared undue "freedom.
For instance, on M. Thiers, who was
not even "noble," and indeed had the
sole merit of being President of the
French Republic and one of the great
est men living. Ihen it was that po
litical oddity calltyl the Spanish repub
lic, which belowed tho distinction of
the little red collar riband onM. Thiers.
The Duke of Aosto, by the way while
hguriug as Amadous 1. of Spain sent
the Fleece to a distinguished Castilian
nobleman, who returned the decoration
without a word. It is a waste of words
to characterize the conduct of this
grandee as it deserves. Why the for
eign house of Savoy should be less en
titled to respect than the foreign house
of Franceit would be difficult tocxplain.
lhe 1 nnce of VV ales is a Knight of
the Goldeu Fleece the only English
man who enjoys that distinction. The
bpamsu order was conferred on him
when ho was ten years old, the Aus
trian some time later. Not long ago it
was whispered that his Catholic Majesty
was rather anxious for au exchange of
ribands betweeu the Courts of S. llde
tonso and St. James. He wanted the
Garter for himself and would have con
ferred tho Fleece on the Duke of Edin-
burg or on Prince Albert Victor of
Wales perhaps on both: to secure for
himself the most coveted of all decora
tions, without no sovereign feels that
he belongs to the inner circle of royal
ty.- Corntill Magazine.
rpo Sarah Smith, a daughter of .lai-uli Millt r l::lo
JL uf Xliorn 'i usliip lVrry cmtity, oliiu, (U-B-wd,
an.l : it husliaml Kroderii k Smidi til" Whit-lt-y
(otmty, Indiana; Surah C. Kislu-r ami William
l-'ishcr, cliildri u of l alluTine r'ijlur iltvawd, who
was a daughter uf saiii Jacob Milier di-ceascd, IW.u-Ik-ii
risht-r, Hit- fattier of said Sarah Usher Bud
William l ish, r, all ol Favottt- t oiuity Illinois, mid
tin- lR-irsot Adam Miiitti dtii-asi d, who in his life
tune soid to said Jut-ob Miller Mi ut ros of land iu
Thorn Township, and afterwards removed with his
family heyond the limits of the state of Ohio, but
whose names and iilat-e of resident! are unknown.
You will taLe notice that on the Uth day ot Sep
teialfer l.s.M. John Miller, Hannah l'ixon and her
hushand William iixon, Matilda Stephenson and
her hust.-and Aaron Siepr-enson, tiled a petition
against Klizabt-ih Louis and her husband Solomon
l.otiis, Kli Miller, Sarah Smith and her husband
Irederiek Smith, William Miller, Jaeob Miller,
Slury Miller, Sarah (.'. fisher, William fisher,
lU-wtten Fisher, Sarah Miller, widow of Jacob Mil
ler dote.-t-H.-d, Andrew ltaker administrator of his
estate, and lhe unknown hens of Adam Smith
deceased in the court of Common 1'leas of l'erry
eoitnty, hio; where the same is now pending
prayintr that a certain mistake iu the description
of a tract ol laud in Thorn Township, l'errj- eo-n-ty
Ohio, purchased by said Jacob Miller ill his
iilVtime from said Adam Smith in his lifetime.
containing so acres more or less, may be retoruied
and corrected, and demanding thai partition be
made ol the following premises, of the estate of
said Jacob Mille r deceased. -t:l,:.l to the dower of
his widow , Sit: :i Ai a I..".'.:-'-., ti -
wit; all ol ;Lu tii t ol i:.n.l siiuu'.c in limi n Town
ship, l'erry county. Ohio, b -ingpart of the .South
ea.-t ouurter ot section ro. '2, Township No. IS
and Uaue No. 17. lltgiuuing at the South fast
corner ol said Section No. H2 and running thence
Vest on the Section line n:' rods to a post. Thence
North Ilk rods to the half section line. Thence
fast on said line fil reds to a post in the fast line
of said Section, and thence South with said line ItiO
rods to theln'i:inuit;X, supposed to contain 53 acres,
more r less. Also auother tract of land situate in
Kchlaiul Township, fairtield county Ohio, being
thefast half of the North fast quarter id' Sectiou
No. 5, Township No. 17 and Hance No. 17, of the
lands dii ected to be sold at Chilicothe, Ohio, esti
mated to eontain about acres more or less. Al
so another tract of land situate in Thorn Town
ship ferry county, Ohio, lieint: lhe South half of
the North fast quarter of Section No. 32, Town
ship No. IS and itangeNo. 17, contain!!. g SO acres
more or less.
Said plaintill'sdemand that partition be made id
the sevvral tracts :ilioe described in the followiliK
proportions, to-wit: To the nine surviving sons
and daughters of said 'Jacob Miller deceased,
whether named and relerridto in said petition as
plaiutill's ordefcncaiits, each, one equal tenth part,
except that theshar, of said plaiutiil', John Miller
will Le held subject to a charge in favor of the
estate of said Jacob Miller deceased amounting to
the sum of Sl;-U. To said two rand-children of
said deceased, Sarah C. fisher ; nd William fisher
eaeh, one equal twentieth part, and to said w idow,
riiN-ah Miller, dower in the whole.
At the next term of said court application will
be made by said plaintitl's for an order ol decree
correcting said mistake in the description of said
80 aire tract purchased from said Adam Smith, and
that pattition may be made Ac. of said premises;
and the said defendants are notified that they are
required to appear and answer said petition, on or
before the third Saturday after the :0th day of
October next. liy VM. SfTNOFR, Attorney,
Sept. lo, l.-sl. fiw. Ir sait. l'lainliit's.
The GrconeiisUe (train lri!Js.
These drills, a cut of which in fciven
herewith, have been in general use fur the
last 25 years', ami are built at ( Iroeneastle
Tenn., by J. I!. Crowell it Co., who are
devotinp tlieir entire attention to muehine
ry for Keeiliii purposes. While building
plain drills for sowing crain anil grass
seeil only, they also make a specialty of a
combined ilril! lhat sows phopphatefl, guano,
or any of the properly prepared commer-
rial fertili.f rs that are found in the market.
The latest improvemenr'ooniie'.ted with
this 111111101110111 is an automatic Cut-ofl,
which at once shuts off the flow of the fer
tilizer, when the hoist lever handle is rais
ed, thus savin", as is Claimed, an amount
equal to 15 ro 25 per cent, of the cost of
the drill alone each year.
By usiiifr fertilizers the whpat can he
sown somewhat later so ns letter to avoid
the attacks of the fly, and yet enable the
plant to form a good root and thus with
stand the freezing out that Fall wheat is
oflen subject to.
The simplicity and durrbillity of the
drill built by J. IS. Crowell & Co., at once
commend it to the farmer. There is no
change of gear wheels to reirttiatc the quan
tity sown, and the (spring hoes whieh are
attached .o all their No. 1 drills, enable
the farmer to prss over ordinary obstruc
tions without breaking pins, and'' then
stopping the team to replace them. Im
mediately upon passing over the obstruc
tion the point finds its way into the Foil,
a commences punning the seen m
furro"'", :"- r . -.
National GromiMck riatform.
We declare: First That the right to
make or issue luwney is a sovereign power
to be maintained by the people for the
common benefit. The delegation of this
right to corporations is a snrn tuli r of the
central attribute of sovereignty, void of
constitutional sanction, conferring upon a
subordinate irresponsible power, absolute
dominion ov r industry and commerce.
All moiey, whether metallic or paper
fl.ouldbe lfstieil and its volume e ntrolled
by the Government, and not by or through
banking corporal ions; and, when so issued
should be a full !-.: I ten lei for all debts
public and private.
Second That the bonds of the United
States should be paid as rapidly as 18
practical. To enable the Government to
meet these obligations, legal tender cur-
encv hhtm.d be submitted for the notes or,
the National banks, the National bank
uig svslem abolished, nnd the unlimited
coinage ot silves as well as gold establish
ed by law.
Third We demand the equal protection
of labor and capital by law..
r otirth - e are opposeilto all subsidies
by Government.
Fifth All lines of communication and
transportation should be brought under
puch legislative control as shall secure
moderate, fair and equitable rates for pas
senger and freight tralie.
Sixth We condemn the cruel class leg
ialalion of the Kipuhlican party which
while professing great' gratitude to th
Hohlier, has most unjustly discriminated
against htm and in favor of the bondhol
seventh All pn.pettv should hear its
just proportion of taxation, and we de
mand a graduated income tax.
Kighth We denounce as most danger
ous the efforts, wherever manifest, to
strict the right of suffrage.
jMnlli W e are opposed to an increase
of lite strnding army in time of peace, aud
the in.' : 'i.'iis scheme to establish an enor-
itiotn- :'.ti.itary power under the guise
militia law.
Tenth That the practice of the
roads of this Stale in issuing free passes
over their lines of roads to the members
of the Legislature and all other oflicers
of the Slate, is vicious and corrupting and
ought not lo be sar.ctioned or tolerated
but should he prohibited by stringent law
JMeventh 1 hat the practice of turn
logout faithful oflicers connected with th
supervision and management of the dif
ferent institutions of the Slate upon nipre
parly grounds, is prejudjcal to the best
interests of the Stale and ought not to be
sanctioned by anv party.
Twelfth Prison convict labor shonld
.be utilized by the State alone.
Thirteenth That we favor the submis
sion by the Legislature to a vote of the
people ot an amendment to the Constitu
tion prohibiting the manufacture, sale or
use of intox ii'atinu drinks as a beverage.
O. G, 1HJS G
Keeps the largest stock in Central Ohio, of
lloots, Shoes, Trunks, Hats, Caps, Furs, Hint's
Cloves, 4.C., Ac.
He buys and sells lor cash and caa save you money
I I. S. Spragnc.
All kinds of llepairing neatly and promptly done.
No. 5 l'nlisade Kow. -NEWARK. Ohio.
XXsii-wIavjxi'o, Iron
SAS1I, DOOIls, rAIiiTS, OILS, VAliMSllKli.
-Iid AU Kinds Agricultural Implements. ,
Huui, liin, ib-audy, j Old Hourbon and llye,
Apple t Teach liiandy, j lllackbeiry.
i.iieriy and rort Wine
Dealer in
Maple and li'ancy Groceries and Provisions, and
wholesale dealer in foreign and Domestic Liouois.
K ; 1 UI....1
a.u. . ...... vim., uvLiiu tiui; uuuu oouore.
CJlias. ICaiscr.
First class meals 2fi cents, Lodging 25 cents; be
tween 2nd and 3rd streets, lacing the puttlie squaru
on South Side. Entrance, one door east Licking
County Dry Goods Store, aud on Canal sited.
Enquire lor Kaiser's Eating House.
I Clerks
John Scarbrougli, Prop J. Koss Hanlin, .
J.llaugtiey, S
American House,
Guod &amili' Room on Fruut Fluor,
Trunks, Valicea, Gloves t-iid Umbrellas,
South Side oi Squaro, Newark, Ohio. .
The Best Goods For The Least Money.
r.oniict Willi a I!liis!i-rro-
dtieing; Attachment.
It is not every maiden, in these pro
saic days, who can suiniuun the " tell
tale blood" to her cheeks at will, or si
lently reveal by an opportune roseate
flush, those inward feelings to which
many voting ladies experience such dif-
liculty 111 giving verbal expression. Hut
as tho value of the blush, as a high
ly ell'ectivo weapon in tho feminine
armory, is still universally recognized
by the sex, although it would appear to
have somewhat fallen into desuetude.
French ingenuity has been at the paius
of devising a mechanical appliance for
the instantaneous production of a line
natural glow upon tho cheek of beauty
no matter how constitutionally lyni-
pnaiie or pliilosopineally tinemotional
its proprietress nitty be. This thought
ful contrivance is called "The Ladies'
Mushing Bonnet," to the side ribbons
of which those usually tied under tho
fair wearer s chin aro attached two
tiny but powerful steel springs, ending
iu round pails, which aro brouirht to
bear upon tho temporal arteries by the
action of bowing tho head, one exqui
sitely appropriate to modest embarrass
ment, aud by artificially forcing blood
into the cheeks cause them to bo suf
fused with " thu crimson hue of shame
at a moment's notice. Should these
ingenious head coverings becomo the
fashion among girls of the period, it
will behoove " young men about to
marry" to take a sly peep behind the
bonnet-strings of their blushing charm
ers immediately after proposing, iu
order to satisfy themselves that tho
heightening color, by them interpreted
as an involuntary admission of roeiiiro
cated affection, is not duo to the agency
of a carefully adjusted blushing bt.u-
ui t." at". vvar
lu.e ..liiiri alej mitt- largely ued
ill the Micky, limestone districts of Penn
svlvania, Maryland and Virginia, and
tiieirsale is being rapidly extended through
out North Carolina and Tennessee, as
well as throughout the Western States,
where they have been recently introduced
All applications for circulars or for fur
ther information, which will be promptly
yiveit. sli'Mt'd '" r,n.-, t,v - t::- r t tu
the above aildier-r. liurai tw ioiLli'.
Call at 1 hirst & Reams and examine one
of those drills.
R11I111 in (iilcatl.
Tiiere is a halm in Gilead to heal gasping
In Thomas' Eclectric Oil, the remedy is
For internal and for t ulward use, you freely
may apply it;
For all pain and inflammation, you should
not fail to try it.
It only costs a trifle, 'tis worth its weight
in gold.
And by every d-aler in the land this rem
edy is sold.
. , UTICA. N.Y.,
I Diacm'ererofDB.MAKCHISra
.This remedy will act in harmony with tho e
male system at all times, and also iinmedmtely
upon t he abdominal and uterine muscles, and re
store thein to-a healthy and Btrong condition.
Dr. MarchiBi'a Uterine Catholicon will cure fall
ine of the womb, LncorriMva, Chronic lnlliimiua
tion and Ulceration of the Womb, Incidental
Hemorrhage or Flooding, Painful, Suppressed
and Irregular SlenstruatUm, Kidney Complaint,
aud is especially adapted to the Change of Life.
Send lor pamphlet free. All lettcra of inquiry
freelv answered. Address as above.
Vll SALE ltV Al.l, IMCt'C. GISTS.
Price K1.0O Pr buttle. H sure and ask lor
I)r. Marc'hisi's C ferine Catuoiicou. Take no other.
For sale by C. A. Roberts and L. Clayton,
Assignee's Salo of Ileal Kstiite.
OS, SATttUHAY October 1st 1KS1 at two o'clock
iu t' e at'terntHin 1 w ill olli-r for f:ilo at lul
lic Auction'on tlu- j. remises, the following valua
ble real estate, i.: In Lot No. .v.i, situate in the
town of Somerset, lVny County Ohio, and known
its the late homestead ot W. M. Ueaiw.
Terms ol : Sale, out- fourth ,c:ish in h:tml and the
residue in three equal annual payments, the de
fcrrnl payments, to bear interest Iroin the day of
Saltt, atid'to he secured by ntortwae on tho prem
ises. Appraised at tt-'iuo.uo. .1110 pencil.
Kept. 1st 1SS1.
Assignee ol W
1: r.
M. llcrm.
tNn other lino runs Three Throuph Pas-
scnircr Trains Daily Detween L'lncaifo, JJ03
Moines, Council lllufTs, Umalia. Lincoln. St.
Joseph, Atchison, Topcka anil Kansas City.
IMreot connections for all points in Kansas,
Nebraska. Colorado. Wvoniiinr. Montana. Ne
vada, New Mexico, Arizona, Idaho, Oregon un(i
Tho Shortest, Speediest nnd Most Comforta
ble Route via Ilannibtil to Fort Scott. Dcnison,
Dallas, Houston, Austin. Sim Antonio, Galves
ton and all points in Texas.
The unequalcd inducements offered by this
T.inc to Travelers and Tourists, are as follows:
The celebrated Pullman l(l-wliecl) Palace
Sleonitur Cars, run onlv on tills Line. C. U. It
Q. l'lilaco Drawing-Room Cars, with Morton's
Keclininpr Chairs. No extra chanre for Scats
lit ltcclmiticr Chnirs. The famous C, K. tc U.
Palace Diiiine Curs, (iorircous SmokiiiK Cars
tltted with Blepaut llit?h-llaiked Rattan Re
volving cnairs lor luc exclusive use ox ursi-
clnss passengers.
Steel Track and Superior Equipment, com
bined with their Great Through Car Arrange
ment, mnkes this, above allot tiers, the favorite
Route to the South, South-.Vest, aud the Far
Try it, and you will And traveling a luxury
Instead of a discomfort.
Throuirh Tickets via this Celebrated Line
for eale at all otlices iu the United States and
All information about Rates of Fare, Sleep
ing Cor Accommodat ions, Tlmi Tables, Sx.,
will be cheerfully given, and will send tYea to
any address an elcgiuit County Alup of United
States, iu colors, uy applying to.
General Passenger Agent, Chicago.
General Manager, Chicago.
lliOV HITTKISS aro highly recommended for nil diseases re
.iiit iiig a certain and ellicicnt tonic ; especially IndttjtJiium, ypc;wtu, itnVr
t, 1, ii. nl 'civca, II mil of Appetite, Jmss of Strrnitlt, Ijiick af Kiuryit, ttc Enriches
tin' blood, strengthens the muscles, and gives new life to the nerves. They act
like 1 elcirm on the digestive organs, removing all dyspeptic symptoms, such
:is T tali mi the l-'imd, Helrhimj, Il-at in tlte Styuuilt, J 'fearthurn, etc, TllO Ollly
Iron Pi'opnriition Unit will not bhwkoii ilio teeth or Rive
lieuiliU'lie. .Sold by all druggists. Write for tho A 11 C Hook, pp. of
useful and amusing reading miU free.
IJItOWN CIlKMICAr. CO., Italtlmore, Mil.
The largest assortment and best selections, the la
test styles anil lowest prices in r-ewam, or in onto
Just across the canal, next door to Fleek A Co.
P. 8. Boyd's Patent Burglar Proof boll Locking
Haiti more & Ohio Ji. Ji. Co.
NUVKMP.l-.lt 14, lS.su.
Chicairo Junction..
A Kill VP
N. Y
Kx press.
N. V.
Past Line.
Kenark ...! Ml S.nO I. Ill
F M. A. M. I-. u
Columbus.... il. tie ti.lu x.:m.
Columbus 8. IS 8.: 1-".
A. X. A. M.
Phawnee 4.5S s..v.
Junction City fi.!f.- in.-.".'
Somerset 6..SJ lii.,si
Newark ltl.ou S.lon. in. l.ss .
Zanesvllle. 10.47 5.59 2.'.'i '
Zanesvllle lO.fta fi.l
Cambridge 11. .1 ..l'l 8.SK1
a. m,
Bellalre 1.4S S.45 5.1!f.
Y heeling 2 25 9.45 COS
WlKioliliK 1.40 8.40 6.1
Arrive p. lu. p. m. a. in.
Washington l.,V d.'.'j n M
Baltimore 3 03 lti.ilS -.10
a.m. p in
Philadelphia 7.15 a.05 I..
fMlw.olk HI.SU t!.4 4.4.1
1'J.ieaftu Chicago tjilcam
hast Kxpreaa. Sail,
! Leave a. m. p. m. . u.
New Yoik K.I5 lift .
Philadelphia 114., 4,no ll.au
p. m. p. tu. a. tu.
Baltimore 4 uu 8.00 v.atl
Washington & 1" O.tO 10 40
a. m. a. in. p. m.
Wheeling 4.itl J.1 11.15
Hanasville T.So 1.0S a 2S
Newailt H.'.D . 4.ST.
I'olumbus . 45 S.:M S 10
Somerset 9.4:1 S.Sn
Junction I'liy 4. US K..4B
Shawnee 4.4U l.C
A t to tiro, of youthful tmprudenoa causing hn
tnra Decay, Nervuu Debility, Loat Manhood, etc.,
having tried iu vaiu ovary kuown remedy, has dis
covered a aituplft aelf cure, which bo will send FRKK
to his fellow-surlerers, addreaa J. II, UUIlbi
4:1 4 liuilium hi.. .. t. . .

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