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FARM AND .GARDEN.
SUCCESSFUL POULTRY KEEPING. TRIUMPH IN CATTLE BREEDING. A Gitte Worth Having Among the Been. Vegetable! Attrnetlng Attention Enl lane mi Accepted Method How aud When to Apply Mitiiure. Tho first essential requisite to success In poultry kecplug is a good houso ror tne birds to roost, and lay in. This is a neces sity at the south as well as in more vigor ous climates. For fowls to lay well must bo protected from rain and wind as well as cold. The house need not ue cosuy, but it ought to be water proof and well ventilutod. A south aud south east aspect is desirable. Cleanliness must bo attended to. Tho plan for preserving cleanliness in the roosting house is shown in the above figure, wulcli pre sents a slclo view. A broad shelf (a) is fixed at the back of the house to catch tho drop pings from Do peich (b), placed fouror fivelnchcs above it. a fcot from the wall. The nests (c) are placed on the ground under ncath and need plan fob uouarc. no top, bolnjr per fectly protected from defilement and also well shaded by tho shelf (a), to the great dolightof tho hens. The shelf mny be cleaned every morning with tho greatest ease, on account oflts convenient height, and slightly sanded afterward. The floor of the houso is not polluted at all by the roosting birds. Tlio broad shelf has nn additional recommendation in the perfect protection it affords from upward draughts of air. Vegetables .Worthy of Trial. Results obtained the past summer by various market gardeners make it appear that the Cory corn, a new early sweet variety of recent introduction, is worthy of trial, ""he Cory corn resembles the Early Marblohead In general appearance and is believed by many to have come originally from the same parent stock. This opinion is expressed by Vick, who in cludes it in his list of early corns. The special claim made for this is that it is the earliest of all known varieties. The white plume celery, while no longer new in the east, has not yet been gener ally disseminated. This variety differs from other sorts in that its stalk, heart and inner leaves are naturally white, and therefore ready for use as coon as it has attained sufllcient size, without banking up for bleaching. A curiosity in the way of corn is the self husking corn sent out last season by Peter Henderson & Co. Its distinctive feature is an inclination to strip itself clean of its husks. The new potato, "Empire State," which which was introduced by the originator of the "Beauty of Hebron," is a white. smooth skinned tuber, of delicato flavor, for which is claimed prolificacy and en .aurance of drought. r i r--.- Wintering Ilea. Dry, pure air and a uniformly warm temperature are two prime factors in the successful wintering of bees. Success also depends on a strong, healthy colony and plenty of honey. Experience has taught that the strongest colonies at the beginning of the senson will give the largeyt results. Many practical bee keep ers still practice out of door wintering, though indoor wintering, in cold climates, . is goncrally considered prcferablo. Satis factory results have been obtained in win tering bees in a dry cellar when afire was kept constantly in the room above. When this practice is followed, care must be taken that the hives are set on stands some distance from the walls where they can not absorb moisture or be subjected to every jar from the room above them. Dutch Belted Cattle. One of the most marked triumphs ever attained by breeders of cattle is represent ed in the Dutch belted cattle, so peculiar in ite color markings. This breed of cattle is a variety of the Holstein family and dates back to a very remote origin. To fix so perfect a type of animals, with such contrasting colors, has taken a long period of time. It is claimed by breeders ot tnese cattle that the belt has become so thoroughly fixed that it is transmitted to grades of one-fourth blood with accu racy. TRIUMPH OF THE BREEDERS' ART. A pure bred animal, one entitled to registry, is black and white, with a con tinuous white belt around the body. The late U. S. Grant at one time owned several of these cattle, and P. T. Burnum, the showman, has the credit of having im ported several fine specimens from Hol land. Application of Manures. A manure is efficacious only when its constituents are brought into contact with tho roots of the crop. To obtain this con tact to the fullest extent, the manure must be finely and thoroughly distributed throughout the depth of soil mainly occu ied by the roots. Soluble munures, as ammonium salts, potassium salts, nitrate and chloride of sodium and superphos phate, have the advantage that they dis tribute themselves within the soil after the lirst heavy shower. When manure is especially required by the plants in its earliest stages, ns superphosphate for tur nips, It may be drilled with the seed; but as a rule superphosphates should be sown broadcast and plowed or hnrrowed in. Top dressing that is sowing manure n the surface of land already under crop as for instance a pastureought gener ally to le confined to manures that rre soluble or of which the principal ele ments easily become soluble in tho coil. Manures of little solubility or those of which he soil has a Great retentive power may Ixj applied to tho land some time be fore the growing period of the crop. Diffusive manures, on the other hand, should be applied only when the crop is ready to make use of them, else serious loss may occur from drainage. Farmyard manures, oil cake and bones, and, to some extent, superphosphate and potassium salts, belong to the t former class, while ; Bo 1- :.i;rntei and Ammonium aoltw belong to tho latter ulnsa. On soils of o:eu texture and little re ten live power preference must of ton be given to manures of little solubility In order to diminish the loss occasioned by heavy raiu. Bulky organio munures are In such cases very suitable On vorn out soils a profitable yield can bo gained only where a complete fertilizer is given. Animal manures are complete fertilizers in tho sense of containing all the elomonts of plant food. A complete fertilizer among commercial or artificial fertilizers is one that possesess more or less of nltogen, phospborlo aokl and potash. Keeping Farm Accounts. I am a furm&r, and have "kept books' for many years. No other work will prove more satisfactory and profitable, and it is not too difficult for any farmer of ordinary ability. The system once begun, ho will wonder how ho ever got along without it, and And that it makes money for him every day. (lot a rather narrow "cash book," having opposite pages for debit and credit. It is best to keep this book where you will see it every eveninT. If "Dr." and "Cr." bother you, head the one side "Money paid out," and the other "Money taken iu." Saturday night transcribe all the week's items in tho cash book on to the proper accounts in what I call tho Ledger. This should bo a long, thick, but narrow book, as you will find it easier to have the two sides of accounts on opposite pages. In tho ledger you will want to keep a number of accounts, but the two of most importance are to be headed "Farm"' and "Family." Let farm account bo first of all, and thirty or forty pages further along begin tho fam ily account. On the farm account credit the farm with everything it brings in; on the opposite page debit it with everything paid out for it. John M. btahl. Tho Progress of Ensilage. Ensilage has passed tho experimental stage and been adopted by so many far mers that it may be considered an estab lished method among those who devote themselves to dairying. In 1880 there were only six silos in the United States, while row, according to a recent estimate, there are about 2,000. In this country cnsilao has as yet, especially in the nct'.icrn states, been mainly directed to tho preservation of fodder corn in its fireen ctate. In tlio southern states tho silo is not so much needed and is, there fore, of less frequent occurrence. Success lias, however, been reported iu preserv ing that- important southern crop the cow pea. The silos are built of brick, stone, con crete, wood, and some nro merely er.rth trenches or pits dug in tenacious soil. The concrete silo is, doubtless, the best of allr.nd represents the lnrger number built in thi3 country. The doubts at first entertained in regard to ensilage being healthful food appears to have given way before experience. Good cnsilajo given in conjunction with ordinary dry food, is good for both cows and oxen. A Cattlo Proof Gate. A gate which resists the most skillful attempts in mite opening by cattle, and is also li'sht to handle and therefore not liable t o sag or get out of order, may Tko made or barbed wires and boards. A HALF WIRE GATE. The materials required are two boards 13 or 14 feetloug. three uprights the end pieces "). feet p.nd the center Ali feet ; and two strands of barbed wire, one between the bourds and the other on the top of t'.io uprights. This is after the fashion of tho common "slide and swing" form of gate. Keep a Gooil Team. V ithout doubt the greatest and most common loss in team management is from keeping poor horses unable at any time to do n full day's work. It is the most difficult thing possible for many farmers to get tho idea into their heads that a horse capable of doing but littlo isentira ly valueless. An old, worn out horse will always sell for something, no mnttcr how poor ho may be, and always for n greater price in proportion to his value when most worthless. For farm purposes, with the dear wages now puid to farm help, it does not require much deduction from a full day's team work each day to make up the value of a first class team in every respect. Hoots for Dairy Cows. Roots are healthy food for cows and in crease the flow of the milk, but care is required in feeding those liable to give nn unpleasant flavor to the milk and butter. Carrots and sugar beets, experience has taught, are among the roots best adapted for dairy cows. Turnips and cabbages give unpleasant flavor to both milk a id butter. Roots should not be fed alone but in combination with more nitro genous foods. Facts Farmers Ought to Know. The production of oleomargarine for domestic consumption is officially esti mated at the rate of 1,000,000,000 pounds per year. The surplus of beet sugar in France for export this year is 830,000 pounds. Some celery growers report successful blanching of celery with round tile of three inch caliber and about one foot long, slipped over the celery when dry. The onion crop of 1886 is a small one. Jerseys are emphatically the butter cows. Cider vinegar may be quickly made when the cider is pure by removing the lat ter to a hih temperature and pouring from one barrel to another, to bring it into more direct contact with the air. The value of roaU in winter feeding of stock cannot be over estimated. Mr. W. R. Halstead tried planting wheat in drills and cultivating it like corn. The production ttcs doubled. He recommends planting tlio rows sixteen Indies opart and cultivating v.ith the bull-ton:;uo plow. But it would be a lot of trouble. , The dairy show at Chicago attracted wider Interest and was better than last year. 1 here is a brighter outlook for butter and cheese. The sugar ieet is a most valuable win ter food for sheep. WHAT SHALL WE WEAR! JAUNTY COSTUMES FOR WOMEN WHO GO RIDING AND HUNTING. Men's Kveulng Dress Just How to Wear It and Not feel as If Something wai Wrong A flood Walking Dress Hunt Ing Costumes. There is not much change in the makeup or riding uabltt. Horseback exercise prom ises to be more and more popular. The illus tration shows about the regulation style of habit, though many ladies now wear round derby hats, with or without veils, Instead of iheold fashioned high stiff one. Why the Ntlir, high Bilk lint ever was invented for a riding headgear is a mystery. Nothing could ne more ill adapted to its purpose. Any quiet, pnft toned cloth may be chosen to make the habits The great Paris tuil ora are at present making riding habits of light gray, serge like eloth. The skirt is always rather nar row and short, while the short jacket waist is buttoned di agonally and bound with silk braid. A horse's hoof with an interlaced mono gram is embroidered with dark silk on the left shoulder. The high gray felt hat U surrounded by a gray gauze veil. White kid gloves and patent leather boots belong to the finishing touches of this costume. Hunt rather a novelty in RIDING HABIT. ing costumes are this country, though very popular in Europe. Hunting and shooting for women grow in favor every year, perhaps because the empress of Austria set the fashion. Regular dresses have been devised as hunt ing garments, and very pretty and jaunty they are, too. Doubtless the fair nimrods will fall into the habit of wearing them for walking dresses as well on long coun try tramps. If so, nothing more is to be desired. The ora of refoim in wom an's dress will not long bo delayed. The costume in Fig. 1 is mode of light and dark brawn checked cloth , trimmed witli velvet. The tiodiee opens over leather waist coat, leather gait ers and checked tveed hat. In such a light, loose dress ns this a woman mirrVif. f",nmn all day and not feel hunting dress, Fig. 1. fatigued. In England it is quite the custom lor ladies in high life to go with then- hus bands and relatives on long shooting and hunting trips. Aristocratic parties are regu- 1 1 1 . . l, - J.4V wnalral l weeks' iniij maw um J.U1 a iiiuiibu shooting. Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 2 shows another pattern. It is made of ash gray homespun, the petticoat being buttoned at one side with dark gray fancy buttons. The drapery is arranged to leave Hih buttoned side visible, and has a pattern of birds down the front, which in largo and small sizes and blue gray shade, stands off in effective relief from the tone of the dress. Tho bodice opens in front over a ribbed vel vet waistcoat. Cloth gaiters and gray felt hat, bound and trimmed with gray braid, complete tho costume. For Fig. 3 either ribbed velvet or strong Vigogne can be cho sen. The plain skirt has no other trimming than a row of broad, dark brown silk braid. The bodice is similarly trimmed, has a postil ion basque behind, rounded in front; it is cut out V shaped, and open at the Sop over a cha mois leather waistcoat Felt hat with jaunty feathers. High leather boots. Men's Evening Dress. Many men who are the salt of the earth don't know exactly what to do in evening dress, or when it is to be worn, or what kind of a necktie to wear. In England evening dress is proper everywhere, even at home, after 6 p. m. In America, where this costume is often called a "dress suit," the question is not so easy. In a broad, general way, in this country, evening dress is proper on all "swell" occasions at night, at dinner and supper parties and banquets, at parties and in the boxes and front rows at the opera. The New York Tribune bos some further hints on the subject which may be useful. It may be mentioned that shirts to wear with a dress suit ore specially made. They are open in front to display the modest white or tiny gold studs that are worn, and they have the collar and cuffs made fast to them. The Tribune remarks: Don't wear a shirt open behind. .This crime cannot be concealed. Have your col lars and cuffs on your shirt or stay at home. Doiit wear a low bat with evening dress or Prince Albert coat; nor a high hat with a sack coat. Die first. Don't wear your watch chain to show with evening dress. Pawn it first Don't wear a white or black silkorsat-in lie with evening dress. White lawn, about three- quarters of an inch wide, tied by yourself, is the correct thing. Curtains strung on poles without lambre quins are liked for dining room windows. Entire bonneta are composed of otstrit-li plumage. Married men do not serve as ushers at wed dings. Ul 1 "She QnU$ SMalolns f ever found that baliad bm tt sll Is ATMLornonoa, sod I bsv not had tlx Minima, tiara atnoe I took M."-lowiM Uatas, Provuiot. lown. Mass. A professor In a medics! colhwa ones said to bis lis "put your hand to vloo, turn the screw until Uw liu is all you oau Iwar, and that's rheu. niattanit turn tha screw onus mora, and that's neuralgia and gentlemen, the medical profession knows no sura for either. That was before uie dueov- ITU I nDtlflDAC which doaaaud will ry of AinLUrnUnUdquiekly cure both rheumatism and neuralgia, and uiauy physicians um It reg-ulurly frankly adiiiitUutf that they can prescribe nothing else so effective. Many persona bare tried ao many so-called rem. adiea, without benefit, that they have no faith to try more, but It Is worth your while to try Ath lophoros, if you have any doubts as to its value write for uamea of parties in your own Bute who hare been cured by Its ues. Auk your drui-gis for AthlOphOrOS. If yon cannot set it of biia w will send It eipress paid on receipt ol reiular pries SI. OO per bottle. We prater that you buy it from your druggist, but if be hasn't It do not ba persuaded to try someltlmg; else, but order at once from ue as directed, ATHL0PH0R0S CO., 112 WALL ST., NEW YORK. RQUBS m loM Ckrtlin&. MOST PRODUCTIVE STATE IN THE UNION The SEABOARD Air-Line. From .NORFOLK, VA., to RALEIGH, SOUTHERN PINKS, CHARLOTTE. MOUNT HOLLY, and SHELBY, N. C Often unequalled inducement! to SETTLERS with, ins to engage in Farming or Manufacturing. W-GRAIN. FRUIT, VEGETABLES, TOBACCO, TIMBER and MINERAL LANDS for rale or lease at EXTREMELY LOW PRICES. CLIMATE UNEXCELLED! NO MALARIA! All mtn.reiidenti of North Carolina who purchase Inml. and nlace ui under cultivation, on the sea. board Air-Lane noaua, win oe iiimisncu win, hi, mi nual Pat", for one year, over the Road on which locat A uiJ eitremelv low rate tickets for their families: . . f n , - -ll L t. ! .1 I ...:.L A and will be charged only one-half the regular rates of freight, during tne first year of residence, on freight of whatsoever nine, rcceivcu. Soecial low rates on all articles of manufacture and product of the farm. As evidence 01 me appreciation in which iuc minnic is held by Northern people, we point to the fact that the Hnul ai KITTRELL. N. C. is most liberally patron ized from the beginning of Winter until late Spring by prominent people ot Massachusetts, new ror and otn er Northern States, who give unqualified endorsement of the climate and the healthful benefits derived from a life in the leng leaf pine regions. KntrrHKRN Pines, in Moore County, a beautiful spot on the Raleigh & Augusta Air-Line, is about 600 feet above the sea, and in the extreme Western limit of the Long Leaf Pine belt. Climate exceedingly dry , pure and healthy, with splendid clear water, and the locality pro.ounced, by the most eminent Sanitarists in this country TO DC aamirnoiy auauicu lur ucwus in warui of health, and especially in case of pulmonary troubles. Lands are very cheap, and specially adapted to Grape culture and Iruck farming; also silk culture. Mount Holly, situated on the West bank of the beautiful Catawba River, is iust coming into prome nence. as both a Summer and Winter resort. The coun try surrounding possesses fine capabilities in being timbered with hard woods for tnaHtiacturing, and the soil is excellent tor ORASS, urain, iOBACCOana other field crops. The latitude along this line of Rail Road corresponds with that of Middle France and Italy, and is tempered by the mild isfluences of the Gulf Stream on the East and the high mountain ranges in the West. The mean annual temperature is 59 in Summer js", and in Winter 43". Average number of fair Days per year is ua. ramv too. and cloudy ones only a. inese tacts serve to show the climate is most excellent. Persons with limited means can purchase land on the inl pay tallnfr-rH rilan. If so Viesired, and Dy small monuily vmetirsT can soon ownl farm in tntsdeliehtlul locality All Settlers and Prospectors can purchase tickets on SDecial orders, to be secured by application .to the un dersigned, at the following very low rates. From ars- 4 s CO g To any station on I 1 Raleiuhft Gaston R. R. 4.o 7.70 ..Raleigh & Augusta " I 5.70 9.20 Carolina central 17.30110.70 Freight on Household Goods, to any point on the line per 100 IDs, rrom rortsmoutn, rsaitimere or iew York. Boston 40c., and return tickets can be pur chased at rates as named above. Write to the undersigned for he iboard Air-Line Hand Book, civing full detailed information as to lands for sale, &c. The North Carolina State Department of Agriculture is working in hearty cooperation with this system of Koads. Route of travel is via "Bay Line feteamers (Ches peake Bay) from Baltimore daily at 7 p. m. ' Old Do minion" Line of Steamships, from New York Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays at 3 p. m., and Boston, by Merchants' and Miners' Line, on Wednesdays and Sat srdays at 3 p. m. to Norfolk, Va., connecting there with trains of Seaboard Air-Line. F. W. CLARK, Wilmington. N. C. Gen'l Fit. & Pass. Ag't. Best and Purest Medicine 9'a. K VC.K 1V1AIJC. .CrVssV. v. ..ill Jt..ntA IliimArftinmirAnii WIIHWIVC HIOUllUiui 111mjiUl 4a -ttPtL. clean and smooth. TlToee V, jQ m. Dlmn1iM and Rlf.t.-tiAai HVrtr.t'lll. huu iiun.c jwur orwu eh mar your bcautvm re caused by impure M j 9 . f v.axe cuutwu uv impure vJSWMood, and cau be x Y, .AVareniovertinashort and use .ogreat blood, pu- 07? V The Doae . .HTuill-i'nlyaWaXrJ:. t0 JV best and ch en peat Try it, Ill 1.a AiirlailAd TUll 1 i" - . iJet It of your Druggist. DomTWait. Getitatoncb t n atiftVrlnir from K I'-1.- ncv ftlaease, anil vi'txh to live t "ST t JZrwJ SULPHUR BITTEHS: Tbey never fall to cure. Rend 8 S-cent stamps, to A. P. Ordway Co., Boston, Mass., Tor ueai metucaiwoi juuiiucur HT STOPPED FREE Mr9tls swcrtJt. Insan Persons Restored Dr.KLXNE'8 GREAT ERVEKE8TORER VBKAI1t A NKKVB DISKASBS. Only rmrt rr far AVrt Affections. Fits.. Ffiif'Psy. etc. I fffPALMBLlt if taken aa directed. A' Fits mftt I first day' 's me. Treatise and $ trial bottle free to Il-il panenra, nicy paying -mc reretred. Send names, P. O. ann express address of .M.tiMl n Tin KI.1Nli.ait Arrh St..Prtilde1nhi.P. "Druggists. BHWARB OF iMITATING FRAUDS. TIII8 PAPER EES; Kemparer Advertlsta Bureau (10 Spruce reet),whereBdvcr. ffMf If flflf f KurTlIEU lOHlk 9.70 9.70 xi. ao 4.20 12,70 5,70 n MR. JO .N W. FURBUSH, An Army Veteran. Or WAKKPIBLD. who has probably suffered more than any man or woman in America to-day. Taken sick while in the Army, he has endured untold agonies since. Describing his first symptoms he said: "My he d iched and my appetite was poor. I telt a laintnesa at tne pit 01 tne siomacn, ana a bad taste in my mouth while my skin was sometimes hot and sometimes cold. 1 next felt pains in my back and around tho lower poriio.i of my body, and noticed a peculiar odor and color in the water which I passed, which was scanty at one lime ana irec at otners. .-,uiirciimcn 1 ! A . n '. . !. . lu 1 . alnuul imnKsilili fJBIllCU IIISIU YUIU ... -"IU - ( 1 to do so st all. Finally I began to pass clear blood ac companied witn great strain ana agony. Nn lm than OA eminent physicians attended M Furbush at various times, but not one of tltem could help him. He was near d ath s door. And yet he says: 1 am alive and well to-dov . wholly through the wonderful power of Hunts Remedy, which took me from the verge ot tne grave. This great Remedy absolutely cures all Kidney, Liv er urinary ueseases. r r shih uv an ueaii'rs. C. X. ( KITTENTON', Gen'l Agent, 11.1 Fulton St.. N. T. Send for pamphlet to the Hunt Remedy Co., Provi dence, K. 1. j - Prichard & Hay ! Union Block, Bmdford, Yt. where bargains are ottered in Ladies and Gents' Underwear! Dry and Fancy Goods, Carpeting, Room Pupers, Window ahades and t txtures. BEST FAMILY FLOUR, CROCKERY and GLASS WARE. We paid ensh lor thse jrooils and we propose to soil at a small rulvar.ee. WE WANT S.OOO ItlORE BOOR AGENTS TO SELL OCH MEW HOOK Secret By P. H. WOOSWAES, late Chief of P.O. Detective Corps, OP TUB rService POST-OFFIC DEPARTMENT, A Xew BOok Just Published by nn official of over 15 yenrs' ex)tripnce in tlio Sicrct Service, in one Mn?iiiaoi'iit lioyul Ocliivo Volume of over 6U0 imues ani elt-K intly illustrated by tlie best artists iu 'lie country w tli 200 SI PFR II ENGRAVINGS. A thrilling record of detection in the U. S. Post 0!!lce Department: embracing sketchesof Woncler ''ul Exploit! at Pst-Ollice Inspectors in the Detec tion, PurKuit, a... I Capture of Holibcrs of the U. 8. Mails; to :eu r with a complete description of the n i iy means an 1 c- npliented c mfrivances-of tlio wily Rii.1 unscrupulous 11 defraud the public; also .n aceiirnti! account of tin iftiUOfT.S SI Alt HOITE FRAUDS, ! v.iiieli tlie Autlwr hu-J eut ro charge of thu pre .ar..tioii of the evidence for the government. IITACSNTS WANTED. In every town there nro Postmasters, Merchants, i vaanics, I'u. mere, professional Men. ami hun r vis of pe.iplc tviio wi.l be glad to get thlt thrilling !'ok. It ihuuvv liuvin;' nn unpuralled sale; UflUat lU to all. Men and Women Agents making from It) to $300 a month ea-ily. We want au airent in very tmvuship in thoU. S. and Canada. trgT"We .omeual selling book, can become euccesful Agent. A'o OimuiUon whatever. Aacnta are meeting eiih unpantileled tucoest. Distance no hind- as we give Siecial Term) to pay Freight: lumember, we give you tlie exclusive sale of this oi,k in territory nssiguetl you. Wri te for onr lame :liutrtted Circul irs, coin lining full particulars. 'liecial Term to Agents, etc., sent free to all. Ad ress Immediately the Publishers, ' VINTER & CO , SPRING FIELD, MASS. Formerly of Hartford, Conn. After Forty Mars' xperienca in tha fireparation of mors) han On Hundred Thousand applications for patonu ia the United States and Foreian coun tries, the publishers of the ScientiBo American continue to act aa solicitors for patents, caveats, trade-marks, copj vT . . ... 1, ITnited States, and to obtain intents in"Canada. England. France, Germanr, and all other conntriee Theireipen. ence ia unequaled and their facilities an ansae. P Drawings and specifications prepared and filed In the Patent Office on ehort not ice. Terms very reasonable. No charge for examination of models or drawings Advice by mail free . . Patents obtained throusrh Vnnn ACo.eienotlcea Inthe SCIENTIFIC AMKHICAVwbich baa the largest circulation and is the mort influential newspaper of its kind published in the world. The advantages of auoh a notice avery patentee "This 'Urge and splendidly Illustrated newspaper la published WEEKLY at 100a year, and s admitted to be the best paper deroted to science, mechanics. Inventions, engineering works, and other departments of industrial progress, pub lisned in any country. It contains the names of all patentees and title of every invention patented each week. Try it four months for one dollar. Sold by all newsdealers. ...... If you have an invention to patent write te Hunn Co., publishers of Scientific Amenoaa, S1 Hroadway. New York Handbook about patent mailed free. YOUNG FOLKS' COLUMN. THE TRUE STORY OF A PET LAND TURTLE NAMED JUMBO. Soma Iaerul iul Agreeable ChrUtmM Presents fur the Young People nookt ami Other Things "Hubert" The Pet Turtlu'a Winter House. Did you ever bear of a pet turtlof I dare say not. Or all the queer pot, that la the quccrost, Yot some nice people In llrooklyn 'fully have one in their family, It in a terra pin or land turtle. To their certain knowl edge it is 50 years old, and may be 100, for turraiiliiB live to a great age and grow larger as long as they live. The turtle ot my story is named Jumbo be cuuse he in so big. Ue weighs at least 100 IKJunds. He has been in the family that now own him for thirty years. He is so large that when his mistress sits upon a chair Jumbo's bead can reach up nwl touch her cheek. JUMBO AND HIS MISTRESS. He is very fond of fruit, and when be sees his mistress eating an apple he will waddle toward her, crawl upon her lap, stretch up his long neck and snap the apple out of her mouth. This is one of the cute tricks which the lady has taught him. You would never believe a turtle bad so much sense. If the lady calls "Jumbo! Jumbo I" he creeps up to her in his awkward way as fast as he can and lays his queer hetd in her band. He is very fond of her, and so gentle that he never bites anybody. The kind lady buys bananas for him. He snaps them up in a way that is funny to see. In summer Jumbo is in clover. He wan ders through the yard, eating gross and snap ping at flies and insects. If lie sees the cat asleep in the sun he moves clumsily up and lies down beside her. Ho seems lonesome and fond of company. His back is so broad that a large boy cau sit in a chair upon it. Then Jumbo crawls about the yurd and gives the boy a ride in flue style. When the family move from one house to another Jumbo is loaded upon a wagon and moved with the other property. Jumbo is what is called a hibernating crea ture. That is, he goes into a warm place and sleeps all winter, and does not eat anything at all. At the return of warm weather out he comes, lively and hungry. Wild terrapins burrow down deep in the ground, below frost, at the aDDrooch of winter, aud lie there 4. T.. I ....!.... I.,,.. ,.1 .. l.W. L tho earth sticking upon their backs. But being a civilized turtle, Jumbo has a house built for him. It is iu the basement of the large house, and is lined with cotton batting, and is made very warm. At the first frost he creeps into this snug nest, and nobody sees Jumbo again till next summer. And there he is at this moment. Eliza Arch ard. ROBERT. Hubert sits up with his rattle and toys, Making a beautiful aud jingliug noise. So littln he is, ho doesn't know Whioh is tho way that his hands ought to go. Robert's a darling, and Robert's a dear, Ho is 8) cunning, and he is so queer: Tries to eat finders, and talks to the light, Doesn't quite know the day from the night. 1 obert s.f.f rip with tiis raUle and toys. Rattles and siiool chains and round rubber rings. Cissin.' and Jumping, and such kind f things. laughing and cooing, and kicking his toes, his is about all that Baby Rob knows. Dobbily-bobbity goes Robert's head. icn mamma carries him off to bed. ioogle-goo goo, that's all he can say; Hj'U know jt.st as much as you some day. Christinas Gifts. Here is a list of things from which you may choose something for a Christmas present to your friends and members of your family. Don't forget any of them. It warms the heart to know that we are re membered at Christmas time, no matter in how small a way. Some good presents are: Books, skates, pictures, warm mittens, games, such as checkers, chess, dominoes, backgammon, boxes of paints and sets of boys' carpenter tools and toy engines that will make real steam and run tiny machinery. A young people's pajier or magazine for a year is not a bail present. A nice penknife or jack knife is good; so is a watch for good sized loys and girls. There are very excellent small silver and nickel watches to be bought right cheap now. Silver thimbles are very j.;orxl, or gold ones if you are rich enough. Among the best of all is a microscope or a magic lantern. There are some beautiful magic lanterns now that are not very ex pensive. If papa wants to get a good pres ent for his big boys fine breecbloailitig shotgun is excellent. But a cheap gun wiil burst and endanger their lives. Here are some good books for you:i;r ieo ple: The old standbyg, of coin-.', Roi.i :i Crusoe, Swiss Family Robinson, and Taule wood Tales. Then come Toby Tyler, Jo's Opxrtunity, Miss Alcott's Little Women, Roy Travelers in Russia, Children's Storioa of American Progress, Little Lord Fauntleroy, The Aiiieri -au Bov's Handy Rook, or What to Do and How to Do It; Tlie Water Babies, i'oor Roys who Became Fuimms, Mrs. Rol :on's Ikx'k for Gir's, and Our Girls' Chatter box, ly Miss Ali-o'.L