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THE UNITED OPINION, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 10. 1913.
Signed by President
ARTICLES IN GENERAL USE
Large Number Free-Listed, Causing
Loss of $57,000,000 In Customs
Revenue Will Be Made Up by Tax
on Incomes Summary of New Law
and Some of Its Chief Features
Surrounded by the leaders of a unu
ed Democracy, President Wilson
elffned the Underwood-Simmons tar
iff bill at the White House.
Simultaneously telegrams were sent
to customs collectors throughout the
country by the treasury department
putting into actual operation the first
democratic tariff revision since 1894.
A happy group of legislators, mem
tiers of the cabinet and friends en
circled the president as he affixed his
signature with two gold pens. He
presented to Representative Under
wood the pen that had written the
word "Woodrow" and the one which
completed his name to Senator Sim
President Wilson's signing of the
new tariff bill brings into effect one
of the most far-reaching revisions of
tariff rates and revenue laws enacted
lor many years. A new income tax,
applying directly to the incomes of
citizens; the abolition of all tariff on
ecores of items of immense importance
to American industry and American
consumers and a heavy reduction of
tariff rates on most of the articles in
general use In this country are its
While certain portions of the new
law do not take effect at once, most
of its provisions and almost all the
direct tariff reductions do.
The federal government has been
spending nearly 11,000,000,000 a year
and tlie new tariff law will raise less
than one-third of that sum. Recent
estimates by tariff experts in congress
predict that the rates will raise $249 , -000,000
a year; and that the income
tax will raise 1122,000,000. The re
mainder of the government's great
revenue is made up principally of in
ternal revenue taxes and postal re
ceipts. The income tax probably will bring
the new tariff law most forcibly to the
attention of citizens. President Wil
eon and Democratic leaders In con
gress believe, however, that the re
duction of duties on clothing, food
stuffs and other necessaries of lire,
and the complete removal or the duty
from many like articles will eventually
bring a reduction in the "cost of liv
ing" without materially affecting busi
A brief summary of the new tariff
law as prepared for the senate fol
Average percentage of tariff rates
as compared to the value of all im
ported merchandise old law, 37 per
cent; new law, 27 percent.
Value of annual imports added to
the, free list 1147,000,000.
Estimated revenue from all import
rates old law, f305,000,000; new
Estimated revenue from corpora
Uons and income taxes old law, $37,-
4)00,000; new law, $122,000,000.
Altogether consumers in the United
States probably will receive from
abroad free of all tariff more than $1,
000,000,000 worth of merchandise dur
Ing the next year. During 1912 the
amount or iree imports was more
than $8X0.000,000, and when the tariff
Is entirely removed from wool, sugar,
Iron ore and cheap Iron and other lm
portant items the total is expected to
The free wool provision of the new
law takes effect Dec. 1, 1913; the free
eugar provision May 1, 1916.
The new tariff law, passed four
years after President Taft signed the
existing Aldrich-Payne law. Is the
result of more than nine months of
work in congress. In the opinion of
Its makers, the Democratic leaders of
congress, the most important features
of the new tariff are:
A reduction of nearly one-half in
the average tariff on foodstuffs and
The placing of raw wool on the free
list, and a reduction of nearly two
thirds In the tariff on woolen clothing
especially or the cheaper grades.
A reduction or one-third (average)
on cotton clothing.
Reduction or the sugar tariff and
Its ultimate abolishment in 1916.
A reduction or one-third (average)
in the tariff on earthenware and glass
ware. Abolishment or all tariff on meats,
tsh, dairy products, flour, potatoes,
goal, iron ore, lumber and many
tlasses or farm and office machines.
General tariff reduction on all im
portant articles in general use.
i 1913 OCTOBER 1913
I s iMTtTwrt I F 1 s
, I I j I 121514
!l92(f? 1 22232428
I 1 1 . i i
TO TAKE COAT OFF
UPON 111?! RETURN
Roosevelt In Thick of Fray
lo M National Campaign
"We shall enter undaunted as a na
tional party on another campaign,"
was the parting declaration of Theo
dore Roosevelt to Progressives, at a
banquet given him at New York be
for his departure for South America.
Upon his return, he declared, he
will take off his coat and work for all
that is in him for the preservation and
upbuilding of the party. He declared
false the statements by opponents
that he has any thought of leaving the
party formed last year by the rally
ing of thousands around his standard.
DEPORTATION OF THAW
State Department Solicitor Says
Treaty Was Violated
Canada violated no treaty provisions
With the United States in the deporta
tion of Harry K. Thaw, according to
a ruling made by Solicitor Folk of the
Photo by American Press Association.
He held that the department cannot
make any representation to the Brit
ish government in the matter as re
quested by Thaw and his attorneys.
Governor Felker of New Hampshire
has received a certified copy ot
an Indictment voted against Thaw
by the Dutchess county grand Jury,
and is now convinced that William T
Jerome was not bluffing when he said
at the hearing that such an indict
ment had been voted.
ON ROAD TO RECOVERY
Senator Lodge Expected to Be
Within a Few Weeks
The complete recovery of Senator
Lodge from the Illness with which he
has been afflicted was predicted when
Dr. Wlnslow declared that precautions
now are being taken only to avoid the
possibility of a cold or other complica
tions that might result in a set back.
The senator has been taking con
siderable nourishment and is rapidly
recovering from his illness. He has
been able to sit up in bed for some
time and has shown ether signs ot
recovery, it is expected he will be
cut within a few weeks.
FIERCE STORM HITS NOME
Two Miles of Seacoast of Famous Gold
Nome, Alaska, has been almost de
stroyed by a storm. The soufh side of
rYont street is gone. The sand spit
also is gone. Two miles of territory
next to the sea was devastated. No
lives were lost.
The summer population or Nome is
about 4000 and in winter 2000 re
main, the others coming out on steam
ships that leave late in October. One
steamship is yet to leave Seattle for
Death In Auto Wreck
Henry F. Farrow was killed and
Burton E. Kile and Warren Slade
were Injured seriously when the auto
mobile in which they were riding shot
over an embankment and capsized at
Johnson, K. I. A tire burst caused
IN BOSTON MARKETS
Butter Northern creamery, extras,
32(fj33c; western creamery, ex
tras, 31H&3?c; western firsts, 2$Vi
. Cheese York state, new fancy, 17
017c; fair to good, 1516c.
Eggs Choice hennery and nearby,
45(jj47c; eastern extras, 41Q43c;
western extras, 36 37c; western
prime firsts, 3233c; western firsts,
28 29c; storage extras, 264Jj27c;
storage firsts, 2of26c.
Apples Gravensteins, $3 35 bbl;
Hubbardstons, $2.50ff3; Wolf rivers.
$334.50; Harvey. $3.50Q4; wealth
les, $2.50Ca3.75; duchess, $2.50'?
3.60; pippins and porters, $1.60
2.50; sweet apples, $1.502.50.
I'otatoe Central Maine and Aroos
took, $1.40"al.50 2-bu bg; sweets,
$1.75"f2 bbl. 75gS5c bskt.
Poultry Northern fowl, 20 y 21c;
native dressed broilers. 21?23c; na
tive live brolJers, 17c; live fowl, H'ff
15c; live spring, 15?il6c; native
roasting chickens, 25'"'7 27c; native
gTeen ducks, 16il7c; native squabs.
I $3'rf3.50 doi; native paeons, $1,753
1 2 doz: live ducks. 131; 15c.
T? Mr v" 'f
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RAILROAD TO STOP
New Haven Shows Deficit For
Year of Over $4,000,000
President Elliott's first annual re
port to the stockholders of the New
York, New Haven and Hartford, shows
a deficit for the year ending June 30,
1913, of $4,127,466.07, although divi
dends were reduced from 8 percent to
f percent during the last few months
Df the fiscal year.
A significant part of the report Is
the definite statement by Elliott that
the period in which the road's policy
was to buy up adjacent transportation
lines and operate them co-operatively
with the New Haven is completed.
In the opinion of the directors,
Elliott declares, the acquisitions were
legally made, but the company, he
continues, "has no desire to retain
these investments except in conform
ity with law and sound public policy."
HIGH SCHOOL CLOSED
Football Player Dead and One
From Infantile Paralysis
Merton liurnham, 17 years old,
fullback on the Laconia, N. H., high
school football team, died after a
day's illness of infantile paralysis.
Lewis Hutchins, 16 years old, left
halfback on the high school team, is
seriously ill, affected by the same
The high school was closed to stu
dents Tuesday after a special meet
ing or the members of the school
board called when the members
learned of the two cases of infantile
Uurnham and Hutchins played on
the high school football team Satur
BANDITS GET $16,000
Troops Capture One of Supposed
Highwaymen In Connecticut
Skirmishing through the woods In
the northern part of Stonington,
Conn., United States coast artillery
men captured a man believed to be one
Dt the two masked highwaymen who,
with drawn revolvers, held up Carl A.
The booty was quickly recovered
from a hole under a wall Into which
the bag had been tossed.
The second bandit escaped. It is
believed he is making his way through
the woods to the north.
Koelb collapsed from nervous shock
and was attended by physicians.
Trolley Car Kill Boy
Robert Holland, 6 years old, of
Dedham, Mass., was killed by a trol
ley car in front of his 14-year-old sis
ter, Daisy, shortly after they left
Mrs. A. A. Nickerson, aged 70,
died at Portland, Me. , from burns re
ceived when her clothing caught fire
from an alcohol lamp.
Harvard W. Pitts, 61, until a few
years ago a prominent shoe manufac
turer of Pltchburg, committed sui
cide by hanging at WoIIaston, Mass.
The Jury in the case of Perky K.
Sawyer, charged with the wunW of
Alfred P. Monahan at AflHurn, Me.,
tTouRht in a verdict of not guilty.
Agrippie Capra, 24 years old, who.
It Is alleged, was shot and stabl'ed by
Iky a Plain Cabinet
Libbey Bros., Bradford
Joseph and Anna Cantaaia at their
home in Chelsea, Mass., is dead
Nomination papers in the interest
of Governor Foss of Massachusetts as
an independent candidate for governor
for a fourth term were taken out by
ex-Mayor Hall of Cambridge, now a
resident of Newton. Hall said the
papers will probably be circulated all
over the state.
Fishing steamers brought into
Gloucester, Mass. , 1100 barrels of
mackerel, all of the fish being
caught within a few hours in Ipswich
bay, where far the past few days a
big school has been close to the shore.
AteVder T- Stewart, foreman of
U.e GJruon-Pew Fisheries company of
Gloucester, Mass., was electrocuted
as he was turning on the powerful
electric switch to run the esculator and
hurled ten feet through a window.
Benjamin G. Kanuse, 72, a Civil
war veteran, killed himself in the
woods near Fall River, Mass. He had
rigged a rifle against a tree so he
could discharge it by means of a
Dr. Reginald H. Fitz of Boston, a
surgeon of international reputaiton
through his pioneer work in appendi
citis, died at the age of 70. Fitz,
who was the real discoverer of the
cure for the disease then known by
various other names, was born in
James Watkins, 4 years old, was
crushed between the top of an elevator
and the roof of a last factory at Mai
den, Mass. , where he was found dead.
The little fellow had gone to the fac
tory to meet his father.
Mrs. William H. Fuller ot Pea
body, Mass., 47 years old, wife
of a leather worker and mother of
eight children, committed suicide by
cutting her throat. She had been in
poor health for some time.
John Scannell, 17 years of age, was
stabbed to death in a fight at Cam
bridge, Mass., and the police arrested
William Kaminskl, charged with the
Mrs. Jonas P. Lawson was arrested
at Woodstock Conn., charged with
having killed her husband in their
farmhouse. At a preliminary hearing
she pleaded not guilty and was held
Without bonds for the superior court.
When they bnd taken an unindorsed
bank draft from their victim two rob
bers produced a fountain pen and made
bim Indorse the draft Add one more
to the list of deadly weapons.
The fish story is losing none of its
pristine vitality. A catfish was caught
In Kentucky wearing a pair of upecta
rles which an estimable citizen some
time before had lost overboard-
The Illinois loard of health has de
clared that no nnre talcum powder
shall be used In -chop suey. We had
never supposed that those who ate
chop suey cared what was In it.
A railroad up Mount Poocateptl
will run from 10 dopnvs Ix-low zero to
70 nlwve in two hours. But that's
nothing. Mexican politics can chance
from freezing to boiling in two min
utes. Marvelous Germany! Its leviathan Is
the biggest thing that plows the seas.
Its dirigibles are the monsters of the
air. And neither storm nor wreck can
check the spirit that ventures forth to
lead the world.
To operate In the clouds the Swiss
army does rft take to aeroplanes and
dlricililes. It maneuvers among the
Alpine rn-nk mul gets all the sensa
tions of lil-'h H"nttn with Its feet
afe on ground.
and Keeps the kitchen dean.
No more ashes to lug. No clumsy pan to
spill dust and dirt on the kitchen floor.
The Glenwood Ash Chute
solves the problem. It is located just beneath the
grate and connected by a sheet iron pipe straight
down through the kitchen floor to ash barrel in
cellar. No part is in sight. Not a particle of dust
can escape. Just slide the damper once each day
and drop the ashes directly into the ash barrel.
The Tig'ht Cover
to barrel is another entirely new Glenwood Idea
and is very ingenious. The Ash Chute is sold com
plete with barrel and all connections, as illustrated,
at a moderate price to fit any cabinet style Glen
wood. This is only one of the splendid improve
ments of the Plain Cabinet Glenwood the Range
without ornamentation or fancy nickel, "The Mis
sion Style" Glenwood. Every essential refined
and improved upon.
Up-To-Date Gas Attachments
This Ranp-e can be had with the latest and most improved Ele
vated or End Gas Range attachments. It has a powerful hot
water front or for country use a Large Copper Reservoir on the
end opposite firo box. It can be furnished with fire box at
either right or left of oven as ordered. When the Ash Chute
cannot be used an Improved Ash Pan is provided.
NAMED IT RAVENNA.
Just When the Ohio Town Wat Going
to Be Called Tappan.
Shortly after the Revolution Benja
min Tappan, son of a wealthy Boston
merchant and the original owner of
what is now Portage county. O., en
tered his father's tract in the west
and spent the winter there. Other set
tlers joined bim. and a settlement was
begun, which had the dignity of a
town at a time when a single log cabin
at each place marked the present sites
of the cities of Cleveland and Buffalo
The place was one of singular natural
beauty, and the question of a name
Now, it hnppend that at this time a
younger brother of Benjamin Tappan's
and his wife were in Italy and came
upon the old town of Ravenna. De
lighted with the place, the young bride
expressed to her husband the wish
that somewhere in the new world
there might arise a town worthy to
bear the name of the wonderful old
The husband immediately thought of
bis brother in the Ohio wilds and at
once dispatched n letter in which he
pictured the beuutles of the Italian
city and expressed the wish that the
town then nrislng In the wilderness be
named in its honor.
Many months later Benjamin Tap
pan, despairing of finding a suitable
name for the town, was ubout to yield
to the wishes of his neighbors and be
stow the name of Tappan upon It
when the letter arrived. So, instend
of Tappan. the town was named Ra
venna, which name It still proudly
bears. Ladles Home Journal-
The Personal Element
ADVERTISERS make a
mistake in treating their
advertising as something ex
traueous to themselves and
to the people they want to
reach. They omit the person
al element, which Is the es
sence of successful advertis
ing. li personal in your adver
tising ns you would be in
conversation. Try to Impress
the Individual buyer by direct
and personal appeaL Write
your advertisement with the
knowledge that it Is to be
read by Individuals each of
whom thinks and acts Indi
vidually, rut Into your ad
vert Uenient something of
yourself. Romethihg of your
sincerity and enthusiasm.
Make your advertising at
much a part of yourself as
your business is. Have it
distinctive and characteristic,
as dignified as you are, as
unconventional as you are.
In writing your advertising
be yourself. Don't try to
write olove or below your
level. Write as yon would
talk simply, sincerely. So
doing your advertisement will
The editor's advice and
suggestions are always yours
for the asking. Tou are en
titled to ask bim any ques
tions you please, and be will
not foe! offended If you de
cide not to follow his suggestions.
Home-keeping Women Need Health and
The work of a home-keeping woman
makes a constant call in her strength and
vitality, and sickness comes through her
kidneys and bladder oftener than she
knows. Foley Kidney Pills will invigorate
and restore her, and weak back, nervous
ness, aching joints and irregular bladder
action will all disappear when Foley Kid
ney Pills are used. Gove's Pharmacy,
PROBATE COURTS Bradford District.
Probate Courts within and for said district will be
held the ensuing year as follows :
Bradford At Hotel Low in Bradford on the
second Tuesday of every month, except December
Also at the Probate Office in Wells River on
the first Wednesday of every month.
Wells River Vt.
' ESTATE OF LYDIA M. MORRIS.
STATE OF VERMONT.
District of Bradford 88
The Honorable Probate Court for the District o
To all persona Interested In the estate of
Lydia M. Morris late of Bradford in said Dis
trict deceased. Greeting :
At a Probate Court, held at Wells River within
and for said Distriot. on the 27th d ay of Sept..
1913, an instrument purporting to be the last
Will and Testament of Lydia M. Morris, late
of Bradford, in said district, deceased, was pre
sented to the Court aforesaid for probate.
And it is ordered by said Court, that the 25th
Hay of Oct. 1913. at the Probate Office
in said Wells River, be assigned for proving
said instrument ; and that notice thereof be
given to all persons concerned, by publishing
this order three weeks successively in the
United Opinion, a newspaper circulating in that
vicinity, in said District, previous to the time
Therefore, you are hereby notified to appear
before said Court, at the time and place afore
said, and contest the probate of said will, If you
Given under mv hand at Wells River In said
District, this 27thjday of Septembpr. 1913.
2 H. T. BALDWIN. Judge.
ESTATE OF HENRY G. ROLLINS.
THE undermgned, having been appointed
hv thn Hon. Prnhflte f'ourt for the Dis
trict of Bradford commissioners to receive,
examine and adjust all claims and demands
of all persons against the estate of Henry
G. Rollins late of Newbury. In said district de
ceased, and all claims exhibited in offset
thereto, hereby give notice mat. we win meei
fnr tif nnmoKps aforesaid, at the Town
Clerk's Office in the Town of Newbury in Bald
District, on the 11th day of October and
3d riav of January next, from 2 o'clock p. m.
until 4 o'clock p. m on each of said days and
that six months from the 7th day of Jny A.D.
mil i. il.o iim. H mi l I'll hv said court for said
creditors to present their claims to us for
examination and allowance.
Dated at Newbury this 29th day ot oepc.
A. D. 1913.
F. R. Mcserve,
ESTATE OF MARY A. SLACK
STATE OF VERMONT,
District of Bradford, ss, ....
The Honorable Trobate Court for the-District
To all persons interested in the Estate of
Mary A. Slack late of Thetford, in said Dis
trict deceased. Greeting:
Whereas, said Court has assigned the 14th
day of October next for examining and al
lowing the account of the Exr. H. P. Cummings
of the estate of said deceased Mary A. Slack,
and for a decree of the residue of said
estate to the lawful claimants of the
same, and ordered that public notice thereof
iHn tn nil nnrnons interested In said
estate bv publishing this order three weeks suc
cessively previous to the day assigned, in the
United Opinion, a newspaper published at Brad
ford in said District. .....
Therefore, you are hereby notified to appear
at Hotel Low, in Bradford, In said Dis
trict, on the day assigned, then and there to con
test the allowance of said account If you see
cause, and to ma.bliah your right as belrs, lega
tees and lawful claimants to said residue.
Given under my hand this 23d 2 day of Sept.,
62 H. T. BALDWIN. Judge.
ESTATE OF LOUISE G. STRA.TTON.
STATE OF VERMONT.
District of Bradford, ss.
The Honorable Probate Court for the District
To the heirs and all persons Interested in me
Estate of Louise G. Stratton, late of Fairlee, in
said District, deceased. Greeting:
Whereas, application hath been made to this
court in writing, by the Executor. D. M.
Bond, pravlng for license and authority to
sell all of real estate of said deceased, repre
senting to said court that it mould be beneficial to
the heirs and all persons interested In the estate
of said! deceassd, to sell said real estate and eon
vert the same into money.
&n,l hrimrinff into Court the consent and ap
probation in writing, of all the heirs to said estate
residing in this State and setting forth the situa
tion nf the renlestate.
W hereupon, the said C ourt sppointea ana as
signed the 11th dnv of October. 1913, at the
Probate Office in Wells River in said District, to
hear and deci le upon said application, and or
dered public notice thereof to be given to all per
sons interested therein, by publishing aaid order,
together with the time andplareof hearing, three
weeks successively in the I'nited Opinion, a
newspaper printed at Bradford in said District,
all which publications shall be previous to the
time assigned for hearing.
Therefore, you are hereby notified to appear
before said G'mrt, at the time nnd place assigned,
then and there in sai 1 Court, to make your ob
jections to the granting of such extension, if you
see ciiuse. .
Given under mv hand at Wells River in said
D-firt. this 221 day of Sent.. ln
j52 H. 1. IJALUVt juubs.
ESTATE OF LOUISE G. STRATTON.
TV, im.lnriiTni.rl. Viftvln been appointed bv
the Honorable Probate Court for the,Distriet of
Bradford, Commissioners, to receive, examine,
nnd aditist theelaima and demands of all persons
arainst the estate of Louise G, Stratum, late
of Fairlee, Vt , in said District, deceased, and
all claims exhibited in offset thereto, hereby give
notice that we will meet fr the purpose aiore
said at the office of D M. Bond. North Thetford.
Vt., in the Town of Thetford in said District, on
the 2Sth dav of October. 1813, and 24th day of
March, 1914. next, from 1 o'clock p. m. until 2
o'clock p. m. on each of raid days, and that six
months from the 22nd dr of September, A. D,
1013. is the time limited by said Court tor said
creditors to present their claims to us for exam
ination and allowance.
Dated at Fairlee. this 29th day of September,
E. F. Dudley.
C. A. Wsihburn.
ESTATE OF JANE BOY N TON.
The an lersigned having been appointed by the
Honorable Probata Court for the District of
Bradford. Commissioners to receive, examine and
adjust the claims and demands of all persons
asainst the estate of Jane Boyntoo late of
Newbury In seid district, deceased, and all claims
exhibited In offset thereto, hereby live notice
that we will meet for the purpoe afiiremid, at
the home of J. H. Bmrk. in the Town of Neburv
on the 25th day of October and 27th day of
March next, from 10 o'clnrk a. ra. until 3 P-m.
on each of sal i Have, and that six months f mm
the ??thdav of fUpt . A.D. 1912. la the time lim
ited by said Court for the creditor to present
their claims tn us for examination and allowance
IHted at Nenbury this 3flth day of Sept.,
W. H Tnxbury.
J B. Brork.
Taken by virtue of ai Execution to me
directed, and will be sold at Public Auct ion
to satisfy said Execution, as the law
directs, on the
13th Day of October A. D. 1913,
at 10 o'clock in th forenoon, near the
highway on the rosd leading from Weft
Corinth to Cookvillc, opposite Charles
Eastman's farm bouse, the following de
scribed property, to wit :
S Sboats, t Geee. o Hett. t Meat Csrt. t Bit
Horse, Pit Mart with Foal, t Psir Work Har
nesses, j Vearlmcv s H ostein Heifers, t Jersey
Cow. t Bee Cow. t H -! a Heifer mni Caif.
I B,rk j year e44 HolMna Hei'er. i Meek Tear
big Bull, t "w, i Ft Pacing Horse. I Bay
Horse. I Pair Dm ing Harnesses.
W. E. BITBT. tkerary Sheriff.
Paled at Corinth, Vt, thu20ih day of Ser
rmbcr. WJ. 1-1