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The spirit of democracy. [volume] (Woodsfield, Ohio) 1844-1994, March 08, 1844, Image 1

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"PRINCIPLES AND MEASURES, AND MEN THAT WlIA CARRY THOSE PRINCIPLES AND MEASURES INTO EFFECT.''
viiH 'BtStolfes ' fVJNO It 1(18. ' .
V' ' " ':' ' 1 1 1 -
WO JDSFIKLD. OHIO, FlUDAY, MAUClfs, J844. ffr' p-i 3 Z Volume1!. .X Number 2. fe)
" ' ' "WCIFtE ADD MtAICIlEJ, ISO MBS THiT WILt, CARR THOSE JBISCIPIEI AND MIASORES WTO EFFECT,'' - " t ' ' " ''.'.' w .
A'
tl PB IT .0 T D. E.'M 0 CK AC Y
tATi'V ''K.A itoeMtf Jtiiui'nal,' ." ; '
'5. -"-fifeP B ei'BLl5HK6ljrOf!,SFlElJ OHIO.'
-Bv JAau Monitis; rv
'' J' V assujnlng 'the i:on trol- f a f)ull fd
joi'i-jia jctisu in rcnaers,n necess.-rry,
'Uwft tfie 'Editor sli.uld point V't tl,e.
ACi)iir!f .lie inkiids U pflrisite.j In :ic
i I V' xat . thnt 'lie' intuxls to !i1vtic;ite
die measures th Democniiig Viti
ncd tlmthe m ill . inscribe n lifsf byn-.
ri, Betv'iis the vokre of .)Jii, the .natfte'ol'
Al A It TIN VA BUItEiy, foeJIVetfi-.
dent ol the United htntrs, (fljbiecl to ?
vllie decision pfaitiuuaTt'onveution.)
-and; the n.ime of U.VVl U M n
(lie l Femo'cra.!icTlahli:lute l'or.tovei n-
, of of Whiij,-.' tiJ doing tliis,' lhe Ea
v.HirHiitteis liimseir, Ujtni tie wecti ye
upprobutiork of t!ie .peiiici'acY of
Jri-udditiun.t'L tne mist lmnortiint
ftews nUhe .both .Foreign mid
oiHfssti, the piiprwill con tun ihe
usoul. frniei tinning, epil instructive va
lety ':.' One l.jeci wliioh the ; Editor
wiir lieeo constantlv in view, iinl of
which he hopes'fiever to loose sight,
wni he7 tiKguaru tne . inieresi 01 me
,fanuei;s, ' "bltirtttmcx, nnd Vorlung
iriPageneriTly', in rei.Viun to their
? riglits -end th- duties theV owe to
theiiiselves and posterity.
; ' !l'h Congressional and- LegUl.itive
' news ' ill be given in the proper sea
;,8in,i tiri3 fli. laws atlecting t.vn.4iip
tofficersWiU he published, each year,
eiore tney arrive wr ousn luuiion.
-r(ie; Editor hs- at"; a considerable
xpente, purchased, a new priming
press and tnateriaLO'fnd theref
ore
asks tliat, his l'elle exertions 10 pjuse
1 and inionn the publican ay. tie met by
olltik 'raf.VWcweiis Vho are
the
trie ad J ol ubehtt ftiid equal 'iptirs.' v
X-
.t. 11 11 o :
:7:u'Tli-Kpili"iT OF l)EMlCRAf:t,' Will
; be .issue 'ibri' Friday of each week, on
; an jtfnperiul heet at $1.50 ajenr,'in
advance; 2.00 il.paiu vvisua
mouths. i.'paid within We year,
jUpnrid S-5..00r; if payment be (jeUyed till
J )? the exiiiriitiou of the year.f.;',
; ,, gj-S p iper wil be daointin ej,
1 except ut the option i mo ijuoi, un-
tu all arrears are pviiii. , tj .
" 07711 coiiimunieations 'jscnt by
maijj rtiust be pist.pyU-v 7
C-Advertisi'meots insereJ ajt, trie usu-
x
f.iilecl
failed
fiiled
ifuiled
failed
failed
failed
failed
failed
iailed
failed
aUui.'.i.aUH. hue water-canalCo.
MMiri' r'n l Meclmiilc Daunt
'jorlinsf umpaiiy,., .
inr.au wwii uiui:e, ,
iled
failed
failed
failed
failed
failed
mister. VVooster,
failed
I bus Tun.p e r:....fectarft. Co. failed
' . r - .villi' tr - -
.MllllV" " - ,
. k 1 . ai rl liow IH c r- 1 1
1 Salem,
failed
of Kirtland failer
failcj
ar
is
tiis
i-rtis
ldls
l-dit
par
1 ctia
Bg.BteuDeuvuie. i aia
yvjrobu,.-'..-.W ;.- .: . 'Idis
.a. V ' - ." ' 1 di ;
; Hank, Lancaster.. 80 dis r
ount Pleasant. M." ,. -..' . -V -O
-rfvnmkiiv'i Checks.
k H I (!nffl)ailVl'""i "
XJiilc .tiew bank) clwrtererl i
edl
!1
Vbiinon,
ii
Ned I
iled I v
Jiiled J
f failed I
Uiited
1
yd
rxi demand. " "
v..
iinesviln.
Chilliciiihc.
'Specie paying banks. .. ,.
:Xie'fillOH ing banks were ayiiig Specie at tlje
last account: '
Commercial Bank of Cincinnati. r .
Lafayette Hai ku! Cincinnati. . . j
Mech's end Tra-lerV bank. f
Bank of Circlcville.
Geaiica
Wassillon.
Nnrwalk.
8niliifky.
4 Wooster.
Xcnii- . .
POKTHY.
i
Frcm the New Mirrior.
THE SONO'OF THE SfllltT.
Every editor should copy the following sad story
of human suffering. It is fiigh'tfully true.
What, in the name of humanity, is the reason
that the wages ol women are so miserably low?
When employed by families, or private individu
als, they receive a suitable compensation for
their services. Those who profit by their toil,
we understand are the cause of their misfortunes.
From the. shops" of the tailors they are al
lowed only a shilling for making a shirt, which
occupies a day, or a day and a half! The mis
creants! But we must not allow our indigna
tion for the caue, and our sympathy for the ef
fect, to detain the reader from the " Song of the
Shirt," which Russet, or the Hutchinsons,
should set to music and sing at all their c oncerts.
Xhis would do more for poor suffering humanity
than a thousand homilies, or all tile arguments
ol the press. ' !
With fingers weary and worn, '
With eyelids heavy and red,
A woman sal, in unwomanly rags,
Plying her needle and thread
Stitch! stitch! stitch!
In poverty, hunger, ar.d dirt,
And still with a voice of dolorous pitch,
t She sang the "Song of the shirt?"
Work! work! work!
While the cock is crowing aloof!
And work work work,
Till the stars shine through the roof!
It's O! to be a slave; ;
Along with the barbarous Turk,
'Where woman has never a soul to save,
v. If this is Christian work!
:.. Work work work
v ii
Till the braui begins to swim,
Work wrk woik,
Till the eyes are heavy and dim !
r--Seam, and gusset, and band,
P -. .Bii:d, and gusset, and seam,
t .Till over the buttons I fall asleep,
3 , ' 'And sew them on in dream?
"0 ! men, with sisters dear !
Oh I men, Hith mothers and wives!
It is not lii.cn you are wearing out,
But human creature's lives!
, Stich stitch stitch,
jr. In poverty, hunger and dirt, ,
Sewing-at once w ith a double thread,
A shroud as well as a shirt.
"But why do I talk of death
1 . That phantom ol grisly bone,
I hardly fear his terrible shape,-"
-It seems so like my own
It seems so like my own
' Bei aiife of the fasts I keep,
.0, Gocf! that bread should be so dear,
?I And flesh and blood so cheap!
1 "Work work work!
My labour never flag:
And what are its wages? A bed of straw,
A crust of bread nnAl rajs
That shattered roof-) this naked floor
A table brtiiw'l hair .
ny shadow I taajti'
therej
t
y chime 10 cniiuo -
. - . 1
c work
iisouers work for crime!
aid, and gusset, and seam,
Seam, and gusset and band,
Till the ben t is sick.i. the brain bcnuthVd
. A well is the weary hand.
"Work work work!
, In the ill December light,
And Ivork work work.
When
While
Ihe we.Mheri warm and bright
tndernenlh the eaves
rouding swallows cling,
As if tojshow me their sunny backs,
liidiwil me with the spring."
' f .
Oh! but to breathe the breath
W the cowslip and primrose aweet
With the sky above my head.
And the grass beneath my feet; 1
For dlily oeb,orj hourj :J
Cofeel ipIU.'-ea'to reel," .
, R. fnr t Knew ififl rOS of Want. -
Anil the walk that costs a meal. '
"0 !"but for one shprt beu!
A respite bowevef bn'e!
No blessed leisure far Lover Hope, :
i
-.V
tUut only nine lor lrisii -
A little weenine would ease my heart,
But in ibeir briny ted ''.- t
Mu tears must stoo. for everf drop .'..
Hinders needle aud thread!
-s.
WriKfiiuerswearv and worn. '
'. - With eyelids heavy and relf v
V ?A woman in unwomanly rags, s '
k PlSiog her needle, and thread .
C" 8htchS.atitch! stilchl,:
r.;,' In poverty, hunger and dirt, :' 'L-
'r' Anil still witji aoice of dolorow pitch:.
Wpuld thai it tone couldreacb (Jiericb
BU ' (.: lt!,n rtT'lSkA Shirt"'..
kill. 1 1 V. ...V
M
1
I.
AN INCIDENT IN THE PENINSULAR
WAR.
BY MRS. E. T. E I.LETT.
Jt win at a bloody and critical period of the war
in the Peninsula, that Morillo, then commanding
the fifth Spanish army, about four thousand strong
in conjunction with PenneTillcmur, passed down
the Portuguese frontier, to the Lower Gn. diana
intending to fall on Seville as soon as Saujtshould
advance to the succor of B:idajos. Iu the begin
ning of April, while the French were dishearten
ed by the sudden fall of that city, Pcnne
Villemura'nd Morillo, issuingout of Portugal, cr s
sed the Loiv r Guadiana and seized San Lucar de
Mayor. This place was ten miles from Seville,
which was only garrisoned by a Spanish Swiss
baltallion in Joseph's service, aided by "Ercupe
trrof" and by sick and convalescent men. The
Spaniards soon occupied the heights in front of the
Trianna bridge, and attacked the French entrench
ments, hoping to raise a popular commotion. Bal
Iasteros, on the other side, had advanced with elev
en thousand men, intending to fall On Seville from
the left of the Guadalquivir.
But the hopes entertained by the Spaniards, of
being speedily in possession of Seville, were cut
off by a piece of deceit. False information adroit
ly given by a Spaniard in the French interest, led
Kallastero to believe Soult was at hand, where
upon he immediately returned to the Ronda; while
Pennc Villemur, also warned that tho French
would soon return, retired to Cibraleon.
This dis-appointment and failure in the execution
of a favorite project, cherished (or many months,
irretated beyond control, Ihe naturally severe tem
per of Morillo. It was evening; and the division
of the amy under liim were encamped some hours
rrtanh on their retreat. Preparations might have
been seen for a military execution, and a couple of
prisoners, captured in their last skirmish, were, ac-
coruing to the cruel piactice nl many clnets in
those times, to he put to death. I hecaptives were
guarded by a file of soldiers, and the executioners,
waiting the worn ol command to draw up, were i
leaning on their weapons, and talking ovei1 the j
events of the last two days.
Just then one of the inferior officers, returning j
to, his tent after givingsoine order to the men, w as
interrupted by a boy apparently ten years of age,
who, seizing his hand, and speaking in an accent
slightly foreign, besought him, V'th piteous en
treaties, to procure him admittance to the general.
The officer found, on inquiry, that he w as the son
of one of Ihe prisoners, a soldier distinguished for
his eminent personal bravery, who had not been
taken',' even when overwhelmed by nunbcis with,
cut giving and receiving many severe wounds.
This soldier, weary and wounded, but invincible
in courage and spirit, for he scorned to ask the
clemency of his conq'icror, was now to suffer death
with his companion in misfortune. The terrible
order had been giv'en, for Morillo would not be im-
peded iu his march by prisoners; and he s hated j
his country's enemies, that the bravest and most
generous among them could have found no mercy
at his hands. The prisoner's little boy, refusing to
be separated from his father, had been suffered by
the Spaniards to follow him.
"You shall see the general, boy, since you wish
it," said the ollicer in reply to the boy's passionate j ...Secondly : That you have gone too much up
entreaties; "but he will not grant your father's ; 011 lTeilit I always told you credit was a shadow;
life. San Lucas! hut these Trench dogs have giv- j lts)0.s ,i,at tIll.Ie -u a sul);tacc hmd, hich
en us too much trouble already!" casts the shadows ; but a small body may casta
They entered the policial's tent; Morillo, by the ! grc:iU.r shadow ; and no wise man uill follow tho
liKht of the lamp burning on the table, was reading ! shadow any fui flier than he cair see the substance,
a dispatch hehacLjust received. Two of his offi- , yml npy II0Wicarn t1Jt vm, have (owei uie 0-
cersstood near linn; there w as no one else in me ;
tent, i lie mow 01 ine cniei way coniracieu, ami .
his eyes flashed as if what he reid displeased him,
and he looked up with an impiKent exclamation
as the officer entered with the toy. The child, as
soon as Morillo was pointed oy4lohiin , rushed for.
ward and knelt at his feet... - '
"Whajjlpes this mu'n!" demanded tlitsene-
"Spare him! spare my father! sobbed the youtli-vj
- . . -v t
ful supplicant.
The officers explained his relationship to one of I
the prisoners about to be executed.
"Ah! that reminds me, "said the Chief, looking
at his watch Pedro, nine is the hour. Let them
be punctual, and have the business soon over."
Again, with moving entreaties the child besought
his father's life
"Did thy father send thee hither?" asked the
fesneral, sternly,
vNo senor, he did not."
" Ad how darest thou, thru
"My tiilicr has done notling to deserve death."
answereilihe lad. He is prisoner of war."'
"Ha! wtaught thee to question my justice?
answer me!
"No oi., Scnor, but brave generals do not al
waysrMf their prisoners."
"fjfill.whom I chotse, thundered Morillo; and I
haic Hie French. Boy, thy father shall die. I have
y.f it; begone."
The officer made a silent sign to the petitioner,
to intimate thut there was no hope, and that he
must begone.. But the boy's countenance sudden
ly changed. He w allied up to the general, who
had turned away, and placed hiiuclf directly be
fore him, with a look of calm resolution worthy of
a martyr.
Hear me, a enbr. said he, my father is gray-head
ed; he is wounded; his strength is failing even
now, mougi ne sianua up io receive me ore ui your
men. I am young, and strong, aud well. Xet
them shiHit me in his place, and let my father go
It was impossible to doubt the sincerity ol this
oiler, for the fact of the devoted child was kindled
with a holy euthiiasm. - A dirk flash rushed to
the broBijpJ, Morillo, Vid for a momeat be looked
on the boy in silence..
-. "Thou art willing in die, t length hesai3, ;for
thy father Jhen, to tuffc paiu lor him will be
n'btVing. Wilt thou lose one of thy ears to ave
bim?.' ' " ; i'.' -
,;ulnd' wai the firm reply. '.-;f M
; "Lend tae thy sword, Pablo," kni in an inttipt.
at one blow, the general struck off the boy's ear.
The victim wept but resisted not, nor raised his
hand to wipe away the streaming blood.
"So far, good:? w ilt thou lose the other ear?" ,
"I will, to save my father1." Answered the
boy convulsively. "'
Morillo's eyes lla.-hed. The heroism of a child
compelled even At'sadmiralion; but unmoved from
his cruel purpose, he smote off the other ear with
his still reeking sword.
There was a dead silence. "And now, senor,"
said the boy, breathing quickly, and looking up
ii.to the general's face.
"And now," answered Morillo. "depart The
FATiir.n of such a child is dangerous to
Spain; he silst hay the forfeit of ma
life!"
The maimed child went forth from the presence
of his inhuman foe. Presently the report of fire
arms announced that he had witnessed the exe
cution of his father!" .
Must we blame the cruelly of individuals for
such enormities! or not rather the relentless spirit
of war, that builds up the glory of its heroes on a
scaffolding of death, and sacrifices daily to thepro-
jects of ambition the promptings of humanity.
UNCLE BENJAMIN'S SERMON".
Not many hours ago I heard Uncle Benjamin
discu-sing this matter to his son, who was com
plaining of the pressure.
"Rely upon it, Sammy," said the old man, as
he leaned on his staff, with his gray locks flowing
in the breeze of a May morning, murmuring pays
no bills. I huva been an observei any time these
fifty years, and I never saw a man helped out of a
holu by cut sins hi.- hors.es. L'c as quiet as you can.
foi nothing will grow under a moving harrow, and
discontent harrows Ihe mind. Matters are bud, I
knowledge, but no ulcer is any better fur iingor-
j,,,,. Tr,e more you groan, the poorer yon grow.
"Repining at losse,1s only putting perper into
a sore eye. Crops will lull in all soils, and we n;ay
ue thai.kftil that we have not a famine- Be-id
wvs took notice that whenever I felt tho
s. I
rod
)rt.tty smany, it was as niudi as to say,' 'Here is
smet!,ii,!r w hich vou have sot to learn:' S.nnmv.
don't forget that your schooling is not over yet,
though you have awife end two children."
"Ay," cried Sammy," you may say that, and a
mothei-in law, and two Apprentices into the bar
gain; and I should like to know w hat a p or man
can learn here, when the greatest scholars and law
yers are at loggerheads, and can't fur- their lives
tell what has I't'come cf the hard money, "
".Softly, Sammy, I 1111 older than you. I have j
not got these gray hair, and lids crooked back ;
without some burdens. I could tell you stories of :
the days ofcontiiient.il money, when my grandfath- !
er used to stuff a s:i!!;y-box with bills to pay fur a i
yearling or a wheat fan, and when the Jersey wo
man used thorns tor puis, and laid their teapots
,.,y j the garret. Vou wish to. know what you
can learn ? You may learn these seven things.
"First that you have saved too lil'le and spent
too muei. I nev er taught you to be a miser, but I
have seen you giving your dollar for a 'notion,'
when you might have laid one half aside for -hari
,y all( olle .ls.lu for a niv j.,..
ph.i,,., and fashion of others until you have been
,i,.vp,i :,,, a i,n
"Thirdly: That you have been in too much
haste to become rich. Slow and easy wins the
race.
Fourthly: That no course of life can be de
pended upon as always prosperous. I am afraid
the younger race of working men in America have
a notion that nobody would go to ruin on this side
the water. Providence has greatly blessed us, but
we have become presumptuous.
.Kiftlily : That you have not been thankful
enough to God for his benefits in past times.
; "Sixthly; That you may be thankful our lot is
rro worse. We might have famine, or pestilence,
or war, tyranny, or all together.
HAnd, lastly to end my sermon, you may learn
to ofler, with more understanding, the prayer of
your infancy, 'Give us this duy our daily bread.
The old man ceased, ' x'nd Sammy put on his
apron, and told Dick to blow away at the forge
bellows. ...
OHIO LAWS.
COPY OF THE BILL AMENDING THE
CHARTER OF THE BANK OF WOOSTER.
H'Aereas, The Stockholders of the Bank of
Wooster have presented their petition to this Gen
eral Assembly setting forth their inability to trans
act business under the present restrictive laws re
lating to banking in this State, and praying to be
restored to their original rights and privileges under
their charter, subject, nevertheless, to the condi
tion of individual and personal liability of the Stock
holders. And
Iffiweas, Said Stockholders would be greatly
injured in the settlement of the affairs of said bank,
if the time for the settlement thereof is not extend
ed: Tlvrrjorl
Sec. 1. Be it enocltd'by the General Assembly
of the State of Ohio, That from and alter the first
day of March, in the year one thousand eight hun
dred and forty four, aud until the first day of June,
in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty,
the President, Directors, and Company, of the
Bank of Woosler shall be entitled tn use, exercise,
and enjoy all the rights, privileges, and immunities
granted to them by the act entitled "an act to in
corporate the Bank of Wooster," passed Februry
lourteen, one th usand eight hundred and thirty
four. 'Provided, That each and all the Stockhold
era of said bank, do dgiiify their assent to the lia
bility mentioned in the second section of this act,
by filing then- written declaration thereof, with the
Auditor of State on, Or before the first day of March
on& thousand eight hundred and forty four; and
provided also,-that raid bank shall be subject to
other qualifications and restrictions hereinafter con
tained. Sec. 2. That from and . after the first -day of
March, in the year one thousand eight hundred and
forty four, the Stockholders of said bank of Woos
ter, shall be severally liable, in their individual and
private capacity, for each and every valid claim
against said bank, except in cases where depositors
and said bank shall agree. c
Sue. S The Board of Directors of said bank
shall consist of not less than nine nor more than
thirteen members, at the discretion of the Stock
holders. Sec. 1. If any president, director, trustee,
cashier, oi other officer, clerk or agent of said bank,
shall embezzle, or fraudulently convert to his own
use, or shall fraudulently take or secrete any effects
or property, or commit any breach of trust, with
intent to convert to his own use.or the use or ben
efit of any other person, any ffrcts or property
belonging to said bank or deposited therein he
shall be liable to a prosecution by indictment,
and upon convictiorf thereof, shall be imprison
ed iu the Penitentiary, and kept at hard labor,
not more than ten years, nor less than one year.
Si;c. 5. That whenever the stockholders of the
Bank of Wooster shall have complied with the
provisions of the first section of this act, then so
much of the nineteenth section of the act entitled
"an acttoamenJ tho act entitled an act to regulate
Banking in Ohio," passed February twenty-one,
one thousand eight bundled and forty three, as re
lates to the Bank of Wooster, shall be deemed as
hereby repealed.
Sec. o'. That it is unlawful for said bank to
loan or discount to any stockholder or director up
on any note or evidence of debt, or to permit
any stockholder or director to become liable in any
form to the hank to a greater amount than one half
of the capital slock of such stockholder or director
actually possessed by him; provided, that nothing
herein contained shall be so construed as to prevent
said Bank from buying and selling tona fide bills
of exchange at their market value. '
Sec. 7. That said bank of Wooster shall be .re
quired to have and keep in the vault thereof, as the
j actual property of said bank, an amount of gold or
I silver coin equal to one Upllar for every three dol
j lars of its circulation: and iu case it shall so- happen
that said bankTby the redemption of its notes and
j the payment of its immediate liabilities, in gold or
I .lltir I'.lll t.ll!l1l tli.kl'.f.. art mni.l. i,F tUia
w.... v..., ..u.. . luni.h. w iiiui.ii Ul 11113 SUI.II1JI1 U3
relates to the proportion of its specie and circula.
tion. it shail be unlawful for the directors of said
bank, from the time such disproportion occurs, to
discount any note, bill, bond, or other security, or
in any manner pay out or put in circulation, any
of the circulating notes of said bank, until the legal
proportion of circulation and gold' and silver coin
lull be regained, and all such discounts made in
violation of the previsions of this section shall be
considered, and held, to all iuteuts and purposes,
void; and the directors consenting 10 such violation,
shall be liable, jointly and severally, in their indi
vidual capacities to said bank, for all damages arising
to said bank for such violation. Provided, That
funds on deposit in Philadelphia, New York or Bos
ton, subject to sight drafts by said bank, shall be
j 'deemed equivalent to gold and silver coin, in the
vaults thereol,so iaras it regards the amount of
circulation.
Si:c. 3. That the La Fayette Bank of Cincinna
ti, and the Bank of Zcuia, shall be entitbd to use,
exercise, and enjoy all the rights, privileges and
immunities granted to them by their respective
charters, on the same conditions that the like priv
ileges and immunities are hereby granted to the
Bank of Wooster.and subject to the same qualifica
tions and restrictions, as are by this act, imposed
upon the said bank of Wooster.
From the Globe.
MR. VAN BUREN'S REPLY TO THE PENN
SYLVANIA STATE CONVENTION.
This letter is characteristic of Mr. Van Buren.
He would despise the presidency if he were sung
into it. Hu would do no despicable thing to ob
tain any honor or advantage to himself personally ;
and we aie sure he would never accept the chief
magistracy al the hands of his party, however in
clined to give his services in support of its princi
ples, if they sought the power of tendering it to
him through means destructive of all the virtues
on which the government is founded, and of dig
nity in the station itself.
Harrihburgh, Jan. 20, ISt-i
Hon. Martin Van. Buren.
Dear Sir: With thisj letter you will receive
a copy of the proceedings of a Stato democratic
mass meeting, held at the scat of government of
Pennsylvania on the 17th inst., which we .have
the honor to forward iu compliance wiih a resolu
tion adopted at that meeting. ;
The democracy of Pennsylvania, in common
with their brethren of the other States, are anxious
to wipe away the stain, which rests upon our coun
try iu consequence of the result of the election iu
1840.
It will be a glorious reversal of that decision to
reinstate you in the position which you filled w ith
such distinguished honor to yourself, and advantage
to Ihe country ; and a return to those republican
principles which characterized your administration,
aud that of your predecessor, will give assurance
to the friends of liberty, that our republican insti
tutions are destined to be perpetuated.
We ought never to despair of the republic when
the popular voice is left to the guidance of reason
and virtue , now, these are in the ascendant; then,
reason was dethroned, and a whirl-wind of passion
folly, and madness, swept thiough the land. The
deceived votary, like the wanderer in the desert,
led by the mirage, pressed on to grasp the delusive
representation.- The sober second thought will re
deem us from such errors, and plscoflie America
;a I
character and popular suffrage in the high position
to which they .aieustly entitled.'' - , -.
, Your firm. and inflexible ajlherance to republican
principles demands our admiration, and fully' enti- -ties
you to'tlie warm support of every democrat Jnd
friend of his country, and in so. doing he feels the c
assurance that he is advancing. and sustaining those. .-
principles which directed a jcfl'arion, a Madison '
arid a Jackson.' . '
-Be pleased to accept the assurance of our high -regard.
' " , , .. . '
Very truly, your friends and fellow citizen,
JAMES R. SNOWDEN, President ,
Asa Dimock, Henry Buehler, Irad Wilson,
John B. Sterigere, George Nagle, Joseph Bailf
M. McCasliu, Isaac G. McKmley, Henry Logan,
John J. M'Cahen, Henry W. Smith, Daniel M. '
Lane, John Kleiner, David Barnctt Vice Presi
dents. F. W. Hughes.iElisha S. Goodrich, Wm. H.'
Coleman, Levi L. Tate, John S. Carter, Jamas ,
G. Sample Secretaries., ' .
Li.NDENWAtD, January 29, 181-t.
Gentlemen: 1 have had the honor to receive
your obliging letter, communicating the proceed
ings of a State democratic mass meeting, held at
Harrisburg on the 17th inst., at which my name '.
was, with entire unanimity, presented to Ilia dein.
ocratic parly of Pennsylvania, as their candidate
for the Presidency. '
I cannot refrain from saying that I have received
your communication w ith feelings of no ordinary
character.' An expression of opinion so imposing
as that which you have been deputed to convey',
to me, coming from any portion of my political as-
sociates, could not fail, at any time, to excite my.
profound gratitude. There arecircumstaces, how
ever, attending this, which seem to deserve a more
particular notice at my hands.
My re'ations with the democVacy of. your great
Slate has been in some respects peciiliarTTWy
sustained ine by their confidence and .support, at
a most interesting crisis in my political "career. I
have been honored andcheered by their good will,
when it was not in their power to render il effec
tive, and their support was iit onetime withheld,
from me, and conferred upon another, when 1 re
ceived lhat of their political brethren of the Union.
Why should I not embrace an occasion so oppor
tune, and possibly the last that iny occur, to as
sure them that neither then, nor at any other time
during the whole course of my political life, have
1 ever for a moment, doubted their disposition to.
do me ample jjslice? Although they dissented
from my nomination, I felt assured that the
actuated by motives which w
tire respect. I have, then
cherish, in common will
throughout the Union
blc and (as the fullest experie?
unpurchasable democracy of Pen
m'ents of sincere inspect for their ailliJ
ocratic principles under circumstanc
adverse, and admiration of the unfalt
with which they have from timo to time?
with domesticjclissentions. I cannot, therefoi
tlcmcn.too highly appreciate an expression of con
fidence and favorj-proceeding from so respectable
a portion of them, on this, the last occasion on
which my name can ever be prespntcd to the coun
try for aiy public station. . ' ,
Yet these arc not the only considerations which
ere entitled jjS -
V
give interest to the proceedings which you have
transmitted to me. It is known to all, and by no '"' C
one more cheerfully admitted than by myself, that
a large majority of our political friends in Pennsyl
vania preferred that tho honor vvhuh those whom
you represent have now so corJially awarded to
me, should be bestowed upon a justly distinguish
eil citizen of their own Stale one admirably qual
ified, for the successful discharge of any public du
ty, and possessing likewise, in an eminent degree,
the confidence aud good will of the democracy of
the Union. It certainly becomes others better'
than myself to comment on tho propriety of bU ' '
withdrawal from the canvass, when it had been
ascertained that the wishes of his more immediato
friemlr. wero not (for reasons, however, not de- :
trading from the merits of their favorite) in accor- '
dance with those of the great body of their politi
cal brethren In other States. I should not, how-" Tr
over, do justice to the occasion, nor to my own,
feelings, were I to pass over in! silence ther fact,
that but for this surrender of his pretensions to pro
mote the general harmony, fl:e proceedings tor .,
which I am. offering ray treHilul adacowledmen't
could not now have taken place. Nor will it I ,,'.: 1j
hope, bethought amiss in any quarter, if I avail :'yV'
M..nir..r.u :. . i .1. .i..- . -.v
niscii ui me uccuaiuu cu siicitv iujv cms com menu- J'
K.- .-: . V L
ouio uesire io promote unanimity among common "
friends had previo.iJy though to a less important
extent, been acted upo?-vr.ysclf. It is well
known that amid prevailing preference of the ilm
jcracy of Pennsylvania for her distinguished son.
there was a portion of them, of whose confidence
any public man might well be proud, who avowed
a preference, which they, had early imbibed, and
zealously cherished, for myself. It is not howev- .
er, so well known that, without attempting to in-
tcrfere with their free exercise of opinion, I caused
them to be informed, that, as far as rliy individual '
feelings were concerned, it would be entirely sat."
isfactory to have them unite with the rest of our
political friends in the Slate, in giving iu vote in .
convention to him who was the choice of the ma- ;
jority. That this suggestion bud not been adopted '.
was, I feel assured, not because those to whom it
was addressed were less friendly to the favorite of
the State, or less sensible of bis claims upon the '"'
respect aud confidence of bis countryman; but a
togctherowing to considerations growing1 out of ?
the contest ol 1840, which they deemed IrjTpero- 2
live. I cannot, I am confident, add anything to f
the masterly and eloquent description whicb you'
have given cf that national stiugile. Neither' am V
I unmindful of the bias wKkU the relation in which
I stood towards it, is calculated to exercise upon 1
my opinion of its character. Yet 1 cannot. I thia'i '
deceive myaelf ia believing thiyfoifcjffie" "ofjy-
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