Newspaper Page Text
filled with either gold or filver, or paper that was I
equivalent, by reason of its convertibility into bona jidt "hard money," at the option of the holder. True, thia act of general resumption reduced the paper circulation of the country to an amount lens thin the sum of the silver and gold in circulation, and in the vaults of the banks. But, sir, it at once rezulated the exchanges of the country to the spe cie standard; it restored confidence between man and man; and it imparted life and renewed activity into the domestic trade, business, and commerce of the country. The present tariff act took effect in September, 1842, more than eighteen months after the univer sal resumption by the banks, when the produce of the country was sought after by the capitalist at home and from abroad, and was steadily rising in value. I will not, however, close the refutations of the positions assumed by gentlemen on the oth. er side, with the mere recapitulation of dates and . - circumstances; but shall, at the hazard of being con- - sidered tedious, give in figures me unansweraoie argument, that proves the injurios operation of the i tarid of 1828, upon the interests of the country, and the beneficial operation of the compromise act of ' 1332-3, upon the same. I find, from an examina tion of the tables of exports of domestic produce, from the year 1821 to 1833, including the high tariff periods of 182-t and 1828, that the aggregate amount of exports was 469?198,554. I find, also, Mr. Chairman, that our exports from 1833 to 1842, du ring the operation of the compromise act, amount ed to the sum of $768,352,365, which give an an . nual average of exports of 1)6,442,785; and an ag gregate gain of the latter period upon the former of nrtnf. . . twn . . 1 1 t A'.IICt tfzvj,in,ivi,aua an average annual gain 01 o, 646,855. The statistical tables of the custom-houses show, also, that the exports of domestic manufac tures for the same periods, were as follows : ' The aggregate amount of exports during the high-tariff period from 1824 to 1833, was $43,180, 755, and for the low-tariff period from 1833 to 1842, $65,917,018; the increase of these exports during the latter period, over the former, being about $22, 090,000. They show about the same state of facts in relation to our tonnage, and the imports and ex ports of specie. The aggregate amount of foreign tonnage for the same period, under the hi;h tariff", was 686,939 tons; and of coasting tonnage, 752, 456 tons making an aggregate of $1,439,455: whilst under the later period of the low or revenue tariff, our foreign tonnage was 896,664 tons; and that of our coasting trade 1,280,999 tons making an aggregate of 2,180,763 tons; and an increase for the latter period over the former of 741,303 tons, The imports and exports of specie, from 1821 to ' 1831, a period of high protection, were as follows : Aggregate amount of imports of specie,$76,450,- 580. Aggregate amount of exports $80,216,628, Showing on excess of exports over imports of $3,- 796,048. The imports and exports of specie, on the other hand, sir, from IS31 to 1841, a like pc riod in duration of low duties, were: Exports, $67,- 839,291. Imports, $105,139,234. Giving an ex cess of imports of specie over the exports, of $37,' 279,940. I have thus endeavored to exhibit, Mr. Chair man, by facts and figures, that the assumptions of gentlemen who charge the prostration of trade and : business to the effects arising from the repeal of the act of 1828; and the operations of the compromise act, to be unfounded in truth; and that, instead of ' the interests of the country having been destroyed by the operation of the law of 1832, that our com merce was more flourishing; that our exports and trade were augmented under its operation to a large amount, as compared with the exports of the high tariff period; and, further, that, during the latter period, there was added a large increase of specie to the capital and circulation of the couutry a ' contribution, to the extent of the increase, to the increased prosperity of the country. I shall now, sir, very briefly attempt to prove, by the figures and dates which I shall produce, that the manufacturing establishments of the country, during the period or rather, a portion of the peri' od of low duties, were in a more prosperous con' dition than at any other time; and that, so far from the assumption being true, that they were in a bankrupt condition, and unable to prosecute their business, on the contrary, they purchased more of the cotton of the south, and manufactured more goods, than at any previous period. The amount of cotton imported into Boston from 1835 to 1840, inclusive, and from the 1st January, 1341, to the 25th May, of the same year, (a little less than five months,) as taken from the Boston Atlas of 1S42, is as follows : In 1 S35, (in round numbers,) 80 ,000 bales; in 1836, 82,000 bales; in 1837, 82,000 bales; in 1833, 96,000 bales; in 1839, 94,000 bales; in 1840, 136,000 bales; and from the 1st January to the 25th May, 1811, 92,000; and for the year 1841, as estimated, 130,000 bales almost double the con sumption as compared with the high-tariff year 1835. The writer of the money articles in the New York Herald of the same year, and who seems to have drawn his statements from authentic sour ces, if we may judge from their details and minu- . tiae, states that the amount of goods manufactured at Lowell in 1839 was 59,2G3,400 yards; and in 1840, 73,853,400 yards making an increase in a single year of 15,590,000 yards, more than 25 per cent , in that branch, in the entire growth, in that flourishing town, from its foundation to the begin ning of the year 1810. Sir, these are facts for the country which speak the language of "truth and soberness," and entire ly annihilate all the miserable cant and sophistry that have been employed by the opposition to sub stantiate the false issues assumed against the com promise -act. . Again, sir: If it bo true, at gentlemen have al leged, that the manufacturing interest was struck down by the compromise act, and reduced to bank ruptcy, by what singular art of legerdemain or leg islative hoaitpocus were they, upon the passage of the present law, enabled to concentrate and dis tribute by the purchase of all the surplus of the coun try, the vast capital that was requisite to effect this change, when they, just before, were broken down and disabled to prosecute their business? Does not every man fee the utter fallacy of such . assertions? But suppose, sir, that they were in . sound condition : can they coin money, or supply . enough from their profits in a year to have filled .. the channels of circulation that bad already been nearly exhausted by the bank explosions and sus pensions of the panic era of 1837 to 1841, inclusive? . Sir, I have shown you how these channels were being filled when this act was passed. The in crease of capital that was revivifying, reproducing, and extending the industrial pursuits of the coun try, was the product of our export during the pe riod of the compromise act, as I believe has been sufficiently illustrated. Tes, sir; the large balance of specie brought into this country, instead of goods, during the last years of the general suspension, gave that impulse to trade, business, and commerce, which saved the country from hopeless ruin and ir retrievable bankruptcy. The eloments of this re suscitation were not derived from the manufac turing interest under a high protection, but from the products of the great agricultural class, and the means of business introduced into the country by the specie derived from the sale of their surplus in foreign markets. The substratum of all our pros perity and wealth the basis of all our happiness, virtue, and patriotism arises from the industry and the grand moral power which the great agri cultural class holds in its control. And.Mr. Chair man, I thank Heaven that it is so; and that this class does now, and will, as I hope, for centuries in perpetuity, maintain its wholesome and prepon derating influence over all others. It is among the yeomanry of the land, that we must look for those sturdy republican characteristics which distinguish us as a natioD among all the nations of the earth TJnobstrusive, virtuous, and contented, you never find them, sir, infesting your halls of legislation, extorting laws at your hands to legalize on their tart the nlunderine of their neighbors; nor for im positions to their own benefit upon any other class of their fellow-citizens. Nor, sir; tlieir services, and their resources, and their lives, they are ever ready to lay down upon the altar of their country, in the preservation of its institutions, its liberty and its integrity I To be concluded next itm. Correspondence of the Ohio Statesman. ANECDOTE OF JAMES K. POLK. Nashville, June 20, 1844. Dear Sir: Thirty-six years ago the father of James K. Polk, having emi- crated to the fertile valley of of Duck Kiver, wlncli had just men Decn ncqir- ed of the (Jhickasaws, was tallowed dv emigrants from the East, until there was a considerable neighborhood in the forest. Each emigrant raised cot ton enough for his own consumption; but there was no cotton gin in this sec tion of the country, and it was with great difhculty that it could be manu factored. At their unanimous request, the father of Mr. Polk erected a cotton rin. and entrusted it to the manage ment of his son, James K., whose duty it became to devote every Saturday to ginning the cotton of the neighbors, taking a given small quantity of the con torts of each bnsi for the service. He was the regular ginnerof the cstdblish ment for vears, attending it in person About that time a hatter settled in the neighborhood, and give notice that he would make a fur hat (a luxury by the way in which very few of the pioneer bovsicltaule to indulge) lor any per son who would furnish him coonorfox sHiis enough to make two. Young Polk was so constantly engaged for five days of the week in working on the farm going to mill, and attending the village school, and in ginning cot ton for neighbors on the sixth, that he had no leisure to devote to the ways and means of obtaining the requisite number of skins; so he applied to his father for the means to procure him a fur hat. His father replied that he must earn the means himseli; and gave him the privilege, of appropriating for that purpose a'l the avails of the gin on the next Saturday. The first man that came to the gin on that day with his bag of cotton, was approached with an oiler to gin his cotton for two coon skins; but having none, the toll was ex tracted as usual. Another and anoth er came; but coon skins being a species of ready change with the pioneers, they would not be given instead of the small quantity of cotton deducted as toll. At length a man came who was loi lowed by a dog who was known to be expert at catching coons, when young rolK proposed to gin nis oags u ne wouia give him that dog. 1 he man accept cd the proposition the cotton was ginned and repacked upon his horses, and the coon dogdeliveredtothe young cinner, who was all the while delight ed with the idea that he had at length found the means of raising the fur hat, and fancying to himself how fortunate he wouldnow be, after the labors of the day were over, in sallying out into the lo rest wun ins uogat nigni, io iree, catch, and skin coons for the hatter. He took the dog from the hands of the settler, and placing a trace chain round his neck, tied him to a sapling, and re sumed the duties of the gin. Uelorc he had aone two hundred yards on his way home, he gave a shrill whittle, when the dog springing lowaras ins old master, loosened the chain from the sapling, and bounded off with it after him on the run, and followed him for nearly a nn!e ; but finding it be impos' sible to overtake the dog and his deceit ful master, gave up the chase and re' turned to his gin. "Well, James,' said a man who was in waiting for his ser vices, "did you recover your dog?" 'No sir, ' said the boy,"buU recovered mv trace chain." Baffled in every at- temDt to earn the requisite number of skins to procure a hat by the service of the cotton gin, he was compelled to resort to other measures. He resolv ed, therefore, to attempt to kill them, which resolve he adhered lo persever- ingly, until he had taken sixteen; and hnvinnp skinned them with his own handle carried them to the halter, who reserved to himself one naif the number for manufacturing. the other half into the first fur hat that ever graced the head of Gov. James K. Polk, the dem ocratic republican nominee for the rresiaency oi uie uuueu oiaiea. Very truly yours. -S. Medakt, Esq., Columbus, O, " Correspondence of the Spirit of Democraty "FUR SEE" AGAIN IN THE FIELD. Sitty or Washington,) Monday morninn, June J Mr.Eddyter: I'm detarmined to giv you an- uthcr heist from the federal sitty. Well, sich times as they had when Congress busted up you never did see, I reckon. But you kuow all about that, and you know, also, that the Whigs of the Sonate refused to pa3s Dr. Duncan's till for the perven tionof frods in the next election, which shose, I think, ptirty strato, that they are afeard they Kant karry the day ;' " Fur Henry Klay, without pipelaying from Ohio to Kentucky, from Kentucky to Indiana, and visy verey. The sitty now looks as though the people nau been swept off pretty much by the kollery; only a straggling member here and there like the last of pea time. Senator Allen has had to stay on ac count of serten big piles of dokkuments that ho said were wanted among the people of Ohio, and the way he will show what has been going on in Kongress, and how the democrats in the House were flusterated by the whigs in the Senate, will be a kawshin to Otterkrat Kelley, of Kolumbus. Mr. Weller has kut out for the Virginny Springs, and they do say that a darter of one of the Virgin ny delegation draws him along over thar like a load-stone, and that nothing less than a minister, and the jining of hands, and pound kake, and sich like will do any good for the young widower. They say, too, that he has sprung the previous question first rate, and that the main question will be put at the White Sulphur, or the Bed Sulphur, or purryventure at the Natural Bridge, and karried unanimously. So mote it be. And as the old bennydickshin gose, "We shall wish 'em much joy, Every year a gal or a boy." But Mr. Weller has done well; he could n't have done weller, from the very start. He has kum out a first rate feller has this same Mr. Weller, and the people of this district deserve much praise for the man they have made of him, and he deserves much uf them for the manner in which he has discharged his jewty. I was up at the President's garden last Saturday at sun set to hear the marine band of about twenty musicians. They have the music there, you know, through the summer, every Saturday evening, and at the capitol every Thursday evening, at which times the citizens gather together and walk about the'grounds chatting, and planting, and kontriving and enjoying themselves, or trying the hardest to do it. But the last gathering was thin the gals knowd that the members was all gone, widowers, bachelors and all, and that, therefore it was no use to turn out. The kongregation was nearly all clerks and little dapper tape sellers. There was hardly one six foot man on the ground. Its aston ishing how eating smoked herrings and stale bread for supper, with a little weak lea, does stunt these people. They all look thin and pale, and sickly, especially the women. And the strangest part of it is the more they git like a skelleton the handsom er they think they are; and a young woman that is nothing but skin and bone, exceptin a perdigious big bustle of shucks, is considered a perfect hewty. President Tyler, they say, is halting between two questions of annexation, first, the annexation of Texas second, the annexation of some good and excellent woman that he has seen somewhere, and intends going down the kountry arter this week. In the first placa, he doesn't know whether to call an extra session or not, as it would hinder his plans about the second arrangomonf; but then, again, as he wants all the glory of Texas to him' self, he does not know what's best to be done. He has been mighty busy since Congress adjourned, turning out and turning in at the custom houses and post offices of Fillydelphy and New York. The heads of the departments are a going in a lew weeks to rusticate at the Springs on a while to the Rip Raps, or the White Surphur, or the Red Sulphur, or Saratoga, or the biggest spring of the lot, old Niaggcrry. 1 have always thought it very strange that while the people had to work so hard their servants should have such fine times. They want pulling down a buttonhole or two that' certain. We shall have to leave this place, me and cousin Pete, afore long. It's so lonesome. It looks the very image of a sickly season. Hoping that the democracy of Ohio will do their duty lo a man, we conclude for the present. Yours &c. PUR SEE, For the Spirit of Democracy. NO. VIII. WHY THE ONE MAN POWER OF TAXA. TION SHOULD BE ABOLISHED. Mr. Editor: These little essays are necessarily short, time and circumstances forbid the writer to attempt to say all that might be said on the subject which he discusses. The design is to make each number so far complete within itself as to be un derstood by the occasional reader who may not have examined the previous ones. This, of course, occasions some sacrifice of system, which, under other circumstances, would be highly desirable to preserve. And moreover, the very study of brev ity compels me frequently to curtail my remarks where a wider range of discussion would be desi. rable. I shall, therefore, reserve the privilege pf returning to" any "given" "subject again and again until I shall have communicated to the citizens of this county, in plain, honest, neighborly language, all the factb within my knowledge, or to which my means of information may extend; confident that of two disinterested minds, that one will think most unfavorably of our plunder system who knows most about it. - In my last number, I pointed out one reason of the reckless wastefulness of our expenditures and of the enormous magnitude of our public burthens consequent upon those expenditures, to wit. the fact that one little section or district contrives, concocts, and arranges the plan of a public im provement for its own benefit, while the whole State has to furnish the means. Other causes, have contributed to this state of things, amongst which not the least efficient is the one-man power of tax ation. It is essential to economy that the power of taxation should be exercised exclusively by the General Assembly, in which case on Assembly act would go forth every spring to tell the people the extent ot the burthens imposed upon them by the men of their oboice. This would bring the mem bers of that body to immediate and strict account When they voted three millions of dollars for some speculative conception, the Miami Extension, for example, they would be obliged immediately to vote a higher rale of taxation to pay the interest upon the loans required lo carry it on. The whole matter would undergo thatpublic and popular scru tiny and canvassing which is the very best guar antee against abuse. Under such circumstance it could not be expected that the members would be very forward to vote away the money of their constituents especially for uncertain speculations in distant parls of the State.. . ' This urinciple of human nature was well known lo the speculators, who wished to plunge the State into what they called a magnificent system of in- ternal improvements, making the rich and favored sections of the State, richer, and the poor ones poorer. Thus draining and drying up the resour ces of the one, to overflow the other, and taking from the necessities of the one to add to the super fluities of the other. In accordance with these views, about nineteen years ago they got an act of Assembly passed to authorize the State Auditor every year to assess and levy ou the people a suffi cient amount of taxation to pay the interest on the canal loans, be they large or small. He according ly every yeBr, determines how much is necessary to be raised by taxation in order to pay the interest on our speculations, sends round his ukase to the couuty auditors, and the thing is accomplished The people are thus taxed at the sole discretion of a single individual, to pay for a set of specula tions, wild, visionary, and Utopian as ever employ ed the idle brain of a fanciful dreamer. Such is the character of our works considered, as St ktx propxrty and State knteiiprizes; consider ed as local affairs they are the offspring of greed and cunning. Our present State Auditor is a most able, hon est and efficient officer, but the taxing power is a power unfit to be exercised by any one man, what ever.mny be his moral qualifications or attainments. Again, suppose the office of State Auditor to be filled, as it may be filled, by ignorance, imbecility, folly and knavery, and then whatsecurity have the people against the abuse of this most delicate and important trust? Is any man weak enough to sup pose that it will not be abused? The state of our finances and the manner heretofore pursued of keeping the account of our canal expenditures certainly afford no guarantee against Ihe abuses of the taxing power. In January last, a resolu tion oflered by the representative from Monroe county, passed the house of representatives, call ing upon the Auditor of State for a tabular state ment of the original costs of all our public works, the annual cost of repairs, the amount paid to officers, agents, superintendents and laborers, the cost of machinery and all other items of expendi ture. The answer of the State Auditor was, that no documents existed, in his office from which such a report could be compiled, that previous to IStO the accounts of the expenditures on our pub lie works were not kept in the Auditor's office but in various banks and places along the line of our canals and public works where the fund commis sioners deposited the proceeds of their loam, sub ject to the drafts of the board of public works. Ho complied with the resolution of the House as far as he could by sending us the amount of out lays since 1840. What a chance here exhibited, for contrivance, intrigue, speculation and pecula tion; suppose a State Auditor influenced by cor rupt or improper motives to abuse the taxing pow er for sinister purposes! What chance to pursue him to an account for his malversations, through the chaotic confusion of our financial affairs. How discouraging is all this, to the faithful and diligent representative of the people in the General Assem bly, who, instead of having access to a public office where comprehensive and authentic infor mation on the whole subject of our finances could be obtained, is obliged to gather information by fragments as time and circumstances will permit. The constitutionality of thus delegating the taxing power away from the people's representa tives to a single individual may well be doubted, its inexpediency cannot admit of a doubt. A great proportion of our enormous and almost, insupport able public burthens may be ascribed to this cause. The members of Assembly would not have been bold enough to saddle the people with such a load of taxes, or if bold enough to do it the people would have dispensed with their services I shall resume this subject in my next. Reader, if you will accompany me through these researches, you will be convinced that as ancient tyrants prevailed by force, so modern speculators prevail by fraud. ' OSCAR. For the Spirit of Democracy. THE SCIENCE OF MEDICINE. To attain this science, a painful, long and careful course of investigation must be pursued. Anato my, Physiology, Chemistry, Bottany, Surgery, Obstetcricks, Materia Medica, Natural Philosophy and Theurapeutics, these branches, any one of which might with strict propriety be called a scl ence, must all necessarily be united in the Physi cian and Surgeon. Let those acquainted with any one of the sciences, ask themselves, how long it must take the lamp worn student to arrive at the end proposed, and become on accomplished Physi cian and Surgeon? To him the spring tide of youthful vivacity, is soon resolved into the furrow ed cheek of the anxious thinking sage, and his noon of life is marked with the early fro3ts of premature old age. And yet, who, among all the departments of sci entific Professions, is so ill requited as a Physician in these Western wiles ?- If a man were sentenced to be hung and an attorney should succeed in get jtinS tUnpfteTcd from the gallows"," he" would deem one or five hundred dollars but a reasonable fee. Nay, his Satanical majesty himself admitted that it was wise in a man to give all that he bath for his life. Is it not then astounding to humanity and benev olence itself? That when life and death is perched on the same beam, and the wheels of life are about to sever at the cistern, and in this state of things, the physician, as an angel of mercy, flies to the rescue, and under the providence of God, succeeds in turning the scale in favor of life, that a remune ration of 10, 20, or 60 dollars should be looked upon with as much jealousy, as though the life's blood were dealt out in drachms for no profit whatever. And be is thrown back upon his quid pro quo and remunerated as a daily laborer. But more hereaf ter. SELKIRK . "Clay's letter against the annexation of Texas is working wonders among the southern Whigs. Gen. Felix Huston, one of the most distinguished Whigs of the south, has openly proclaimed in speech delivered at the Arcade in the city of New Orleans, in the presence of assembled thousands, that he would support no man who was not in fa vor of the immediate annexation of Texas. We are informed by a friend, ( good Whig,) who has just returned from the south, that no man can ob tain the vote of any southern State; who is opposed to annexation. Folk will sweep them all !" . The Philadelphia Riots will cost the Co. upon which the loss falls upwards of $400,000. The "Natives" have done a large business. ' ' ' From the St. Clairsville Gazette. " CLEAR THE TRACK BOYS! ' ; Outrflheway, Old Henry Clay Room fob thehonest Patriots! ?. Over 60 whigs have left their party at one time in Indianapolis; and they declare Clay to be a dan gerous man, for he offered a resolution n Congress to drive the pioneers off the Public Lands by force, and the power of the President was to be exerted by the BAYONET? . Gew. J. C. Ar.roRD,Iate Member of Congress from Georgia, has left the ranks of Whigery. Hoif. Gdlieic C. Vebpi-ancb: of N. Y. says he will support Col. Polk against Clay. Mr. V. is a Christian and a scholar, and he hates the low , fa natical spiiitofFrelinghuyscn who denounced Col. Johnson's Sunday Mail Report, and declared eve ry officer of the government should be of one church! and he dislikes, also, Frclinghuysen's at tacks on the Quakers; and as to the character of Clay, he never deemed it good! Over 500 Quakers in UieNoithern counties de clare they cannot go for Clay and Frelinghuysen. Mr. Beck, of Mt. Carmel, III. who has been a whig for 18 years, has raised a press, and declares he will support; the Democratic party, for Clayisru in death to Liberty! Meuers. Hammer ly, Ingertoll, &c. of Con necticut: have left Clay, and go for Polk, Dallas, Texas and Liberty! . J. V. McMahon, Prest. of the Young Men's Whig Convention in Baltimore, in 1840, and Hon. J. M. Merrick have enrolled their names under the Young Hickory Flag! Over BOO men in Stark and Columbiana coun ties have left whigery! Hundreds are leaving Whigery in Cincinnati! Hon James K. Richards of Warren Co. Va. a supporter of Harrison, and a late Delegate to the Baltimore rd. Convention is out for Texas Polk, ft Freedom, and against Clay!!! John W. Smith Esq- of Dayton, O. has left the coons, and goes for Folk, Dallas, Tod, and Victory! The Pittsburg Courier, a neutral German paper, has raised the Polk and Dallas flag, and does glo rious battle for truth, liberty and democracy. JVa tiveum is doing its work . The Spt of the Times (Phila.) says hundreds are leaving the ranks of Clay. Judge Tod, a warm friend of Harrison, is ou against the Natives and Clay church-burners, and so is hij son, and Hon. W. Sharwood. John Robso has comeoutina letter, in the Marshall Expounder, and renounces whigery! "Clay Enthusiasm"-The Delaware co. Re publican, a radical whig paper, has refused to sup port Clay and Frelinghuysen! The people every where are arriving at the same conclusion. Two federal papers in fa. have hauled down Clay's name. Robt. Otmmill, of York co. Pa. has left the Clay Club, and he was one of its Vice Presidents, and says he will go for Polk and Dallas ! At the Democratic convention in Delphi (la.) Abner S. Bennett and Amot Graham, heretofore influential whig speakers, came forward and re nounced whigery, and hundreds will follow their course The Dem. papers says,: "Mr. Bennct is a man of age and experience, of more than ordina ry abilities, and the short but effective speech which he delivered before the audience, shows, that he is well acquainted with the great questions now be fore the couutry. He will do good work in our glorious cause." fjg-The following icnunciations are published in the Ohio Patriot: DONE WITH WHIGGERY. The following renunciations of whiggery will speak for themselves; they come from men who can testify experimentally to the hollow hearted professions of federalists, for they have tested them. There are fully SIX -HUNDRED men inCoIunv biana county who supported Harrison in 1840, that no circumstances can induce to vote for Hen ry Clay in 1844. JACOB HOOVER, ROBT. GLENVILLE, J. P. CREAN, A. RENCHER, JOSEPH ESTILL, DAVID ESTILL. Three cheers for Young Hickory, George Dallas and Victory. The Indiana American, fed. said that "Clay never had the vote of Indiana or Ohio, never can. We have sustained him, but it is folly to do so, whom die people have so often condemned.' Hon. Thos. Marshall of Ky., is out on the stump against Clay, for his opposition to Texas. Berks co. Pa. The Democratic Mass Meeting resolved: "That in JAMES K. POLK, late Speaker of the House of Representatives, and Gov. of Ten nessee, we recoguise a firm and steauTast Demo crat, in whom there Is no wavering, who stood by General Jackson through good aud evil report, in the long war waged upon him by the Monster Bank, and one who in point of talents, abilities, honesty and high character as a Statesman and a man, has few equals in these United States." Baltimore. Elias Brown arid David Btemrt, the former aHanison elector in 1836, and the lat ter one in 1840, have both renounced Clay, and rallied under the banner of "Polk and Dallas." James Garland, of Virginia, late a member of Congress, and ardent supporter of Gen. Harrison, and Robert Wickliffe, of Kentucky, a gentleman of almost unbounded popularity, have also renoun ced federalism and all its works. . Mr. A. H. Bushby, of Westminster, Md has quit the federal ranks, and has resolved to do battle with the democracy. James Sherwood, and son, of Zanesville, bave repudiated whigery, and declare themselves now for democracy. Medina, Ohio. A Mr. McGregor requests cer tain young men to answer why they left the whig ranks for democracy, as he calls them "young men ot integrity and inquiring minds." They go on and state the coon falsehoods of '40, the lies about a national bank, fee. and conclude thus i" "At this time, we will only mention, the cry of a national debt, ihe Ogle lies, the appropriation for the President's house upon Harrison's election, and the hue against Tyler for vetoing the first bank bill, as reasons why we have left the whig party. We remain yours, &c ' ;' ' v '" '' '' "'. ' H. C. JoHiisow, ' " ':- Samuel Woi.r, v" ' ' : Likval L; Fbixxle, ' r! Jamk Treat.' - The Lorain Republican of a late date, says that ' BradstratC. Stevens, ofOberlin, and father of the ' . .i f.L.i-i i eilllOr OI WO AUHj P v, MinijfimH publicly declared that he would not vote for Hen ry Clay. And the same paper says that the Rev. Daniel W. Lothrop, late editor of the same paper, has also come out against Clay, declaring that unless the coons could show him that Henry Clay is a unn I,. .ii ' ti mnld not lUrmort uvuvr luaii iiiom " 1 -' V mm. -00- The whig press begins to exhibit alarm a the demonstrations ot the democracy nere in lavou of Polk and Dallas. We begin ourselves to think that this alarm is very well founded A".' F. Her aid. ...'.:..,. ., "An exploded calumny" against Henry Clay is shown up in a southern paper oyer the signature of Richard Cheatum. You can't cheat 'em that way, Mister. Henry did make that '.'bargain," and can't get out of it Samuel TV. Black, Esq. of Pittsburg, who was a Harrison stumper in 1840, and, as many of our readers know, made a flaming speech at Steuben ville that year.has recently "come out from among the foul party," and is now addressing bis fellow citizens in favor of Polk andj Dallas. , JVeville Craig of Pistsburg, has left the coons and joined tne abolitionists. His paper goes for Birney and Morris. Lucius Burke and James Edgerson, and many others have left whigery in Morgan county, la. From the Easton Domoerat lately a tvhigpoptr, WHY DID WE LEAVE THE WHIGS. We have already given our readers an outline of our reasons for having embraced the good cause of democra cy. We are not ashamed of this cause, for truly it is the cause of theNpeople, agains partial and unequal laws, made for the benefit of the few. , We do not wish lo disguise the fact, that ilirpp vr:irs nirn u'n onerated with ihosn who tried to trample this good cause under their feet. In our youth, we, like thousands of others, were deceiv ed and imposed upon by the good promises and democratic professions of old federalists, who had assumed the name of whig, without having chang ed their principles. In the contest of I U'lUj ill uilibi lu iUiij iiie vivi.iiuuaj they professed to be "pure democratic republicans of the Jeffersonian school,' and, as we thought, faithfully and hon estly promised, "to rectify all the evils under which the country suffered, and restore the Government to the pure democratic principles of Jefferson and Madison. They loudly declared that we must have a change in our rulers, and inscribed upon their banners that we must choose Harrison and nrosDer- ity, or Van Buren and adversity. Lay ing their hands upon their hearts, and looking very honest, they said if wo vo ted the ''democratic whig ticket,1' the people should be blessed "with high. wages, plenty ot work, good ttmesind strict economy in the public expendi tures." By this, and such like means thousands "and tens of thousands of honest democrats were induced to vote with the whigs and we went with the throng. The election came "Tip, Ty, and Tom" were victorious. The whigs had a President, Vice Pres ident and cabinet of theirown choice; a whig majority of 46 in the Itousa 'of Representatives in Congress. The' whigs carried, the elections their own way, according to their desires. They thus obtained the power in their own hands to redeem their good promises, and prove tnat they were "pure demo cratic republicans." But when they had obtained the offices, they forfeited their pledges." In fact, they have shown by their acts that they ore op posed to what they profess to be that they were political hypocrites in 1840. We know of no way of judging a tree but by its fruit. , x During the mad campaign, a specu lator, as we heard stated, said he ex pected it to be ten thousand dollars in his pocket, if the whigs should bo victorious. We could not imagine up pon what foundation he built his expec tations. Many men smiled at the idea; they did not believe that honest men would pass a law to put that much mo ney in one man's pocket. But they were mistaken. The whigs, at their fimous extra session, passed a bank rupt la at, by which they authorized that man to pay off a much larger sum with nothing. He hud obtained the benefit of that whig law. We have been in-i formed that he does not feel himself un der the least moral obligation to pay of his debts, because he has paid them with the bankrupt law! He may now sell dower rights in farms he never paid for, accumulate riches, and ride in his fine carriage, while his honest oreuiiur suuers loruie wanioi wname l : . rv r . i . . r i.i justlyowes. .-; ... , , . ; (: . ' GOVERNOR DORR. :' n.. ,t, ti ! ri i : ur uic jmuuo iaiuiiu uuueri we Der- ceive that Governor. Dorr has been CAM tf.lt . n 4. AM I. M ... 4 1 I " . I aciticukcu iu uuiiuiicuicuL lur me in the State prison for hi efforts in favor of free suffrage in Rhode Island. This will till every lover of freedom, in the ,; land wun astonishment and inditmation. . r .... . . CI . we could not believe that the federal lisnrnpra. whn hnvA nnw tlm " roirrna nT Government in that disfranchised state, would nave dared to proceed to this length with their tyranny. It must open the eyes of multitudes of their misguided followers in that State and. in the Union. Let the people remem-, ber that this usurpation is countenanc ed by Henry Clay; and that the doings of federalism in Rhode Island are ap proved by the party jn, power' every- . wnere. - - - . ., ,wl .