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THE SPIUIT OF DEMOCHACY.
EDITED BY J. R. MORRIS. v W O O 1) 8 P 1 K L I) ... t.. . ( 6 tridav, augum 26, 1844. . - . . rORHEHBEKT, JAMKS K. POLK, . , . .. ... Of Tennessee. ' v.. FOR VICE PRESIDENT, : GEORGE Al. DALLAS, '. Of Pennsylvania. ' KOR GOVERNOR Or OHIO, DAVID TOP, of Trumbull County. "electoral ticket. senatorial. ' Joseph H. LAnvi ill, of Wayne, ' '''''' Dowtt Utter, of Clermont. CONGRESSIONAL. ' 1 rf District Clayton Webb, of Hamilton, James M. Dorsey, of Darke, R. D FoRSMAN.of Greeu, Judge John TAYLOR.of Champaign David Higciks, of Lucas, " Gilbert Beach, of Wood, John D. White, of Brown, Thomas Megradv, of Ross, Valentine Keffer, of Pickaway, James Parker, of Licking, GRENVtLi.E P. Cherry, ofMarion, Ceorge Corwise, of Scioto, CactiousC Covey, of Morgan, Isaac M. Lanning, of Guernsey, Walter J a jiiesoh, of Harrison, Sebastian Braihard, of Tusca's. James Forbes, sr. of Carroll, Neal McCoy, of Wayne, Mn.o Stone, of Summit, 'Benjamin Adams, of Lake, Stephen N. Sargent, of Medina. DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS. TOR REPRESENTATIVE, : . EDWARD ARCHBOLD. FOR COUNTY AUDITOR, JOHN M. KIRKBRIDE. . FOR COUNTY COMMISSIONER, . JOHN CLINE. TOR COUNTY BURVEVOR, . JOHN B. NOLL. '2d ' 3d 4th " 6th 6(h 7th " Sth " : ' 9th " iOth " nth ' 12th 13th 14th ' '' 15th " rlflth " 17th " lSih lOih ' ' 20th ' " '21st sumes of taxed articles.- Not only have consumers now to pay th expenses of the general govern ment, but by means of the distribution of the pro ceeds of the public lands among the States and the assumption ot the debts of (he Siaiei; -the wealthy nabobs, with Henry Clay, (who is the fath er of the. distribution scheme,) Thomas Ewing, and Alfred Kelley at their head, would have them support the State as well as the national govern ment. Oursurpriar is that the rich have not before this devised some scheme by which to exempt themselves from paying a county, road or school tax. Farmers, and mechanics, you who live by the sweat of your brow, are you prepared to pay all the expenses o( both national and State govern ments, while the wealthy aristocrat, with his millions, pays no more than you? If you aie not, vote in favor of James K. Polk, and against Hen ry Clay. We care not if the amount received by the State of Ohio, out of the proceeds of the sales of the public lands would be $500,000 a year, jnstead of $113,000 the result would be the same, or even worse; for the more we would receive, the more would it be necessary to make up by the tariff. T Let the inscription on our Banner be: "We proudly raise our Standard high, And ev'ry mountain. ev'ry glen -Shall echo back our rallying cry, And TRIUMPH crown our cause again! Yes, boldly be our Banner flung, For POLK and DALLAS all agree, And soon shall leap from every tongue, The thrilling SHOUT OF VICTORY!" VIRGINIA REVOLUTIONARY BOUNTY ' LAND SCRIP. TOD AND VICTORY, ..... Hon. David Tod, the Democratic candidate - for Governor of Ohio, will address the people of this county at this place, on Saturday the 7th of September. ' CCJ-Communications are delayed for want of room. : THE TARIFF. The whigs have become so very wise in this our day that they can split hairs between north and north-west side. But we have got a puzzle for thein now. Below will be found the opinions of James K. Polk and Henry Clay on the tariff, placed in parallel columns. We give these without say ing which is Polk's or which is Clay's. We wish the whigs to give the author of each. We pledge ourselves for the correctness of the quotations: In conformity with ther I am favor of a tariff principle announced in for revenue, such a one we compromise aci, i as will yield a sufficient think that whatever rev enue is necessary to an economical &. honest ad ministration of the gene " ral government ought to be derived from duties imposed on foreign im ports. And I believe that ; in establishing a tariff of amount to the treasury to defray the expenses of me government econom ically administered. In adjusting the details of a revenue tarirt, I have san ctioned heretofore such moderate discriminating uuties as would produce those duties, such a dis. the amount of revenue riminaiion ought to be needed, and at the same time afford reasonable in cidental protection to our home industry. made as will incidentally afford reosonable protec tion to our national vUi- rests. In the resolution passed at the 8th of January, ' 1344, Democratic State Convention, on the sub ject of the tariff, we find the following: "We are friendly to a discriminating revenue tariff, such as will ensure a revenue sufficient for an economical and republican administration of the government, and afford as much incidental protection to the American manufacturer, as we believe bis inter ests require." ' We shall publish the above extracts in our next paper, and give the author of each DISTRIBUTION. The distribution of the proceeds of the sales of pie public lands is a favorite bobby of the whigs at the present time. They propose to divide the proceeds among the several States of the Union, according tc their population. Now, by reference to the report of the Secretary of the Treasury, we find on page 23, that (he amount received from the sales of the public lands for the year 1842, was $1,335,707 52. This sum would be diminished from the necessary expenses arising from its dis tribJtioD, and from the grants and reservations made jn the law pawed at the extra session ot 184 L, to at least the sum of $1,200,000, and we believe it would not exceed the sum of $1,000,000. But divide $1,200,000 among the States according to their representative population, and it would give to the State of Ohio, about $113,000. This is about one eighth of the tax paid by the people of this State, for State and canal purposes. . The man whose' property is valued at 60 thousand dollars, pays cow for State and canal purposes, the sum of 300 dollars one eighth oi this sum is 43 dollars and 75 cents. . Then $43 75 would the rich man's tax be reduced. A man in this county owning 160 acres of land, two horses and five head of cattle pay into the State treasury about two dollars and 23 cents, one eighth of this sum is 28 cents being a saving of that amount. 1 The sum of $1,200,000 being taken out of the national treasury, roust be replaced by some means; that means is undoubtedly the tariff. Then, to replace that sum, does the rich man pay into the "national treasury, by means of consuming dutiable , articles, more than the poor man, in the proportion of 49 dollars to 28 cents? Certainly not; for the farmer of our county with his 160 acres of land consumes as much, or Very nearly as much, as the rich fund-monger with his thousands. It fs mere ly a plan concocted by the wealthy, to throw the burthens of taxation on the shoulders of the con THOMAS EWING. As this individual is about to favor the citizens of "dark Monroe" with his presence, we have conceived it to be our duty to give the people a short accouut of this same Thomas Ewing. In the year 1830, there was a law passed by the Congress of the United States entitled, "An act for the relief of certain officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line and Navy, and of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary war." This was alaw making provision for giving each officer and soldier of the Virginia line and navy a certain quantity of hind out of lands appropriated for that purpose. The certificates or scrip lor these lands, issued by the Sectetary of the Treasury were, by this act, made assignable, and were also made receivable in payment for any lands thereafter to be purchased at private sale, after the same had been offered at public sale and remained unsold. This law was continued in force for two years. In the year 1832, when Thomas Ewing was a mem ber of the Senate, he procured the passage of an act entitled "An act to extend the time of issuing military land warrants to officers and soldiers of the Revolutionary army." In 1833, Mr. Ewing, being still a member of the Senate, procured the passage of another act, entitled, "An act grant ing an additional quantity of laud for the location of Revolutionary bounty land warrants " This act contained the following proviso: "That the said certificates of scrip shall be receivable in payment of any of the public lands liable to sale at private entry." Thereby making them equal to cash. Now we wish to show to what extent Thomas Ewing and the Stanberrys, who were partners in this nefarious plan of cheating the revolutionary soldier out of his just dues, carried this scrip spec ulation. The true amount cannot be arrived at, as there was considerable entered in the name of E wing's agents. At the time these certificates were purchased, the bank of the United States was asking Congress for a rechaiter. Mr. Ewing was a member of that Congress, and could, consequent ly, be furnished with any amount of money he saw proper. The sum stated to have been borrowed by him from the U. S. bank was twenty thousand dollars, and it is supposed this is the whole amount paid by him for the two hundred and fifty-two thousand dollars worth of scrip specified in the table hereafter inserted. But this is not all. Not only was Thomas Ewing receiving his eight dollars a day, as a Sen ator, but he was procuring the passage of laws to enable him to build himself a princely fortune, by speculating off of the widows and orphans of Revolutionary soldiers. Not only did he do this, but at Somerset, in 1836, lie called upon his God to witness that he hau never directly or indirectly speculates in scrip to the amount of one cent Let our readers peruse the table hereto attached, and then ask themselves, if this is the man the whigs are to bring here to enlighten the people of Monroe. Let them compare this statement with (be above declaration and see if tins man, Thomas Ewing, is to be relied on. But further. In relation to this matter, the fol lowing is extracted from the Journal of the Senate of the United States : "SENATE, March 3, 1841. "Mr. Clay, of Alabama, submitted the following resolution, which was considered by unanimous consent, and agreed to : "Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to report to the Senate, at.the next session of Congress, the amount ot scrip hereto fore issued on the Virginia military land warrants, giving the amount of each year, the names of the persona to u-hvm such scrip was unsigned, with ute year ot aucb assignment Senate Journal, p.. 288." . The day after the passage of this resolution, Thomas Ewing was appointed Secretary of the Treasury. Having failed at the extra session to comply with its requisitions, the following pro ceedings were then had in the Senate : "SENATE, Afgust 11, 1841. "Mr. Clay.of Alabama, submitted the following motion for consideration : R'sohed, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to inform the Senate, without delay, why no report has been made in answer to the fol lowing resolution, passed by the Senate at the last session, to wit : "Resolved," &c. (reciting the foregoing resolu tion.) "This latter resolution came up for considera tion on the 14th August, and, after being amended by striking out the words "without delay" was passed." -.ee Journal, pp. 153, 163.; On the 20th of August, Mr. Ewing sent to the Senate a letter apologizing for the non-appearance of the information required, supposing it was not wanted till the regular session. Time passed on and no report made its appearance. , Instecd, how ever, It is said that through the instigation of Ew ing, every clerk was removed from the land office, and supplied by tools of his own. The next day President Tyler reinstated all the dismissed clerks, without consulting Ewing. Still no report. Had Thomas Ewing complied with the requisition of the Senate, he would have been made the witness of his own infamy. - His place was at length sup plied by the appointment of Mr. Forward, then came the looked for information. Then came the information contaioed In Ute following abstract : Date of I certificate. Amount. 1830 Oct. 16 16 16 27, 1831 April 4 June 6 7 Aug 22 Sept. 8 8 13! 21 ' 21 21 21 21 22 22 28 - 28 28 29 29 .' 29 291 29 30 30 Oct 1 1 3 4 5 17 28 29 Nov. 12 16 16 16 16 161 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 $250 200 800 62 83 125 1,700 416 800 500 1.166 3,333 833 666 662 666 662 666 3,333 833 600 2,000 125 1,666 1,666 1,50(1 1.000 1,250 900 833f 833 833 833 833 129 125 125 3,333 125 1,250 221 221 221 221 277 277 138 138 277 1,111 666 To whom issued. Persons to whom assigned. Wm. Nelson ir. John McFadden Do Joseph Watkins Henry Cook Do " r A A Collier, h'rfcc Do 00 R. B. Surrant 00, Thomas M. Bailey 661 -Do 33, S. Benren St, others . .. heirs, &c . 33 John Bailey 25 B Copes, heir &.C GO.Marslieba Martin heir &c 25 N Merrill, heir Uc 60 Beverly Copes 25 Barker Copes 83 Patty Walters and others heirs &c 83 Jno &, Jas Lilliston infant heirs &c 00 Littleton White devisee tc 00 Do 00 Nimrod Perkins 66 W B Fields hr. &c 66 John D. Fields 00 A T Green b'r&O 00! Do 00 Littleton White de- I visee&c. 00'Eliza Whitedaugh- I ter&c 83' Lyd. Adams hr&c 33 Nancy Avis hr 4.0 33Polly Arrington 33 Ann Corbin hr tfcc 33iEliz Waters hr&c 00 A T Greer hr &c 00 Jac Philips hr&c 00 Elizabeth Phillips 33 Eliz., Marg. & J no Walker hrs&c OOlHarr't Sarsehr&c 00 Mary A Chandler heir &c 25!G Salsbury heir&c 25 1832 Jan. 14 14 14 14 16i 16 16 161 16 n 21 1,366 666 23 1,766 1,666 600 200 250 200 100 600 300 200 50 1,300 1,833 23'l,500 April 3 5,000 July 30 Aug. 14 24 25 25 277 1,666 700 4,100 500 28,8,333 80' 31 Sept. 6 5 6 7 2.500 1,250 1,300 1,250 1,250 140 140 Peeey Brownwell heir &c Wm Damorall Geo J Colburn John Salsbury 77, E Salsbury heir&c 38 James Salsbury 38!B Salsbury heir &c 77'Ehsha Salsbury 10 Abra'm Somers jr 66 Coumton Bennett heirs &c 66 Rowland Bennett I heir&c 66 Littleton Bennett heir &c 66 Catharine II Evans heir &c 66 Margaret A Evans heir &c Levin Parker hr&c Do Do Do John Parker Do Do Do Do Peter Parker hr &c John B Burton and wife Do Thomas M Bailey heirs &c Samuel Mears Sarah II Burton heir &c 00 'John Thomas 00 John Roberts 00 Philemon Griffith 33'Jas & Davis Clem son heirs &c. 00 Philomel Griffith OO Hei.-s of B Pollard 75,000 11 2,750 12 1,250 341 1.325 666 4,900 1,666 19 Oct. 1 7,500 125 125 125 ill, 566 21 100 21 125 8 833 3ll,6fi 413,333 4l,666 61 666 612,000 2.004 1,203 1.666 770 464 1,111 215 215 370 3,333 -ir 250 3,333 600 23 23 23 24 25 25 25 Nov.10 12 15 21 22 22 23 23 24 24 5 6 6 8 8 8 9 0 9 10 ill 11 12 12 1211,621 13,1,110 13 1 666 15 8,333 16 2,500 16, 125 22 1.600 22'l,733 00 Do 00 Do OH Do 25 Heirs of Jno Lewis, 00, Mary P Pleasants heirs &c 00 Jas Craik devisee 00 Heirs of J Watkins 001 Heirs of G Hunter 66 Heirs of C Boush 001 Do 66 Heirs ofBStrother OO H'rsof T Robinson 66;H'rs of Christopher Tompkins 00, H'rs of J Bradfoote 03, Heirs of Hezekiah I RoHnson 00: Henry Lipford 00.lese Parker fi!Heirsol Jno Clark 0i 1 Do 00: Devisee of Charles j Mfisely 83 H.-irsof Jno Clark 66,D visee of J Fisher 33 H..iri) of F Bright 6Gi evisee of J Fisher 66 Heirs of F Bright 00! Do J. Stanberry C. Stanberry JJo . J. Stanberry Thos. Ewing Do H. Stanberry Do J. Stanberry Do Thos. Ewing Do Do Do Do , Do Do Do ' Do C. Stanberry Thos. Ewing J. Stanberry Thos. Ewing H. atanberry Thos. Ewing J. Stanbeny Do H. Stanberry f.wing Do ; Do " Do Do Do Do Do Do H. Stanberry Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do J. Stanberry H H. Hunter Do J Stanberry Do H.H. Hunter J. Stanberry H.H Hunter J. Stanberry JJo H.H.Hunter Do Thos. Ewing ti H. Hunter H. Stanberry H.H.Hunter H. Stanberry Do Do Do Thos. Ewing JJo Do Do Do Do H. Stanberry JJo H.H.Hunter H. Slanberrv Do Do Do Do Do Do ' Do Do Do Do 00: Heirs of W Houre 15 Do 68 Heirs of W Parker, 96 H'rs of Stark Moss 161 . Do 10 Do ' 4i Do 41 , Do 00 H'sofT Uonnewell SElHVsof R Watkins wervnorntnrr M' ade Oolli.'uhen Griffin 83,H'rs of Thos Butler OOlH'rs of Jno Bully 201 Dec. 12 15 1838 Jan. 4 8 1,666 125 125 5,000 250 250 250 250 2,105 972 2499 832 416 2,083 833 1,666 13,333 1,250 937 1,250 100 6,000 9Si . Do 98 Do 66Joshua Singleton 33 H'rs of J Williams 00 Hugh Mctlavock 00 H'rs of L Rime lick 00'H'rs of John Pierce 33 Do 66 H'rs of J Hamilton 21 i 1,666 July 8 6,666 29 5,01)0 Aug. 2 838 O0,9UU 7 8 12 16 , 17 26 1 29 80 80 80 Oct. 19 29 80 Nov 19 , 20 20 20 3,344 250 3,333 3,293 3,208 5,000 '616 616 616 616 616 3,333 400 2,500 600 370 110 370 661 D. G6.H'rs of W Skinneri 00 H'rs of M Payne 33RobtH Saunders 00, Heirs of Liltlebery Mason -'- 60Devisees of NWren 00 Dec. 611,800 17 17 17 1834 Jan. 2 4 1,875 60 125 600 555 Devisees of Man- son Proby 33 Adm'rsof J Taylor 83 H'rs of W Alman 33 Heirs of W Smith OO.Jrio, Robt. & Mary heirs ofWEppes 66,M Lively heiress 66 F Wood heir &c 66 William Lewis 66'Francii Wood 66 Martha Ayler 33 Jbn E Clark (C) 00 Nancy . Terrunt, I heiress &c 00 John Sutton ' 00 Robert Archer 00 Jos Selden h'r &o OOjWilliam Selden 00 Mary Eliz. Adams 00 Eliz. Webb, heir- . I ess &c 00 H'rs of R Andrews 00 Daniel Edwards 00 Narment Harvey 77 83 J 3,333 33; I Dec. 1913,300 00 4 2,777 4 1,110 13 3,333 Sept 10 H'rs of F Monroe Nancy Hylliard, hciress&c Reuben Chapman, . heir &c -. Samuel Chapman, heir &c Harriet Bennett, daughter &c Jas Kemp & others, heirs &c Richard Paulett Do Do '' R ' r Do t. j' - 1 ( , Do Do Do Do Do '-' Do " . Do . Do Do Do , Thos. Ewing H. Stanberry Do Do Do i Do Do Do : Do Do Do Do Do i ' Do Do .'. Do ' Do Do Do $252,704 14 The fractious of cents in the foregoing abstract are omitted. . 1 ..' - -. From this state of the case, is it not evident that Thomas Ewing is a dishonest man, that he has speculated off of, and cheated the WIDOWS and ORPHANS of Revolutionary soldiers, and that too while an American Senator. . The following extract, from the Ohio Eagle, printed in the town where Mr. Ewing lives, comes in very good play : "Some of our whig neighbors laugh at the bold attempt made by the Columbus Journal, and other federal papers, to screen Thomas Ewing from having speculated in land scrip while he was a member of the U. S. Senate. Mr. E wine's resi dence in this town is not better known to the lead ing business men of the place, than is the fact of bis scrip speculations. His political friends here speak freely of it; and it was only a few days since that we heard the following instance related in a special company. An acquaintance called on Ew ing in this place and informed him of the wherea bouts of certain land scrip which could be bought for a trifle, and requested Ewing to advance the money and participate in the speculation that might arise out of the purchase. Ewing gave him the money; not, however, until he had learnt the name and residence of the holder of the scrip, which was somewhere along the Ohio river. The gentleman departed, and alter several day's journeying at his leisure, he urrived at the place, but to his great mortification and disappointment, the firmer hold er of the scrip informed him that he had sold it a few hours since lo a man by the name of Clark. So that game being blocked as to him, he returned to Ewing and reported the fact. Ewing received the money back, caviled about bearing a portion of the expenses, to which, however, alter feigning extreme regret at the failure of getting this scrip, he acceded. Shortly alter, this gentleman learned that this Clark wus nme other than an agent of Kwtng s,despatchea by mm to make the purchase for him! We of course can not vouch for the (ruth of this transaction, but we have it from such a source that we do not doubt it in the least The game is entirely characteriitic of others in which the same person was engaged." By the way, would it not be as well for Mr. Cowen, as he is to address the people of this coun ty on the same day as Mr. Ewing, to explain why he voted for the passage of the bankrupt law? Why he voted an appropriation of 49 thousand dollars to Gales & Seaton, printers, vhen at the same time they were receiving more than the work had previously been done for? Whether he did not vote for a tax upon tea and coffee? F Harmon " S Harmon " W Barron " . W Hogan " W Johnson " John Taylor " S Mnsely " . R Mosely , T Wawman .. L Cannon Do . " J Cannon r Do , ' Do , ;' Do Jenny Trail hoir oft i Gibson , I H'rs of 8 Timpson Jos Mnvs Martin B Toler Do, Do Do Thos. Ewing H. Stanberry Do Do Do Do Do Thos. Ewing H. Stanberry Do Do , Thos. Ewing H. Stanberry Do ' Do -Do , Do H.H Hunter! Do ! J. Stanberry j H. Stanberry HH. Hunter H. Stanberry Thos. Ewing Do , Do H. Stanberry Do Thos. Ewing H. Stanberry Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do . : Do Do 10'4,900 Feb. 191 416 Mar - 7 5,000 163,333 May 2 10 1,600 1,666 00 H'rs of T Hamplet 00 John W alker and ' ! others heirs &c 00 H'rs of T Hamplet 66 H'rs of S Timpson 00 Peter Jaqnett 83 Caleb P Bennett 00 H'rs of J Sim Smith 66'H'rsofP Goffinger Do Thos. Ewing Do . Do- H. Stanberry. Do Do-'- Thos. Ewing U. stanberry Do .; ' Do Do ; GOVERNOR POLK. There is a series of questions going the rounds of the whig papers, at this time, in relation to James K. Polk, w hich are in perfect keeping with the acts of that party. It is an old maxim that ''whom the gods intend to destroy (hey first make mad;" which is verified by the whig party; for if there was ever a set of reckless scamps who were determined to rule or ruin in is the present whig party. RULE OR RUIN, is their motto, and they act up to it. One of these questions is, "Whether James K. Polk's grandfather (.') was not a Tory in the American Revolution?" To this question we answer, No and for the proof we refer to the extracts below. . Mr. Ezekiel Polk was the grand father of James K. Polk. ' , When the democrats offered a resolution In Con gress for refunding a fine imposed upon General Jackson by Judge Hall, for defending the city of New Orleans from British invaders, whose watch word was "beauty and booty," these make-believe balers of toryism, wished to insert a clause, that nothing in said act, should be so construed as to impugn the motives of Judge Hall!! : Notwith standing there was nothing said of Judge. Hall in the act refunding the fine, either good or bad; they alleged as a reason that Judge Hall was dead and could not defend himself . When Mr. Polk is brought before the people as a candidate, then it is they can attack .his dead grandfather. Oh, con- smtency!; Then it is, that the leaders of the whig party, some of whom were in Congress during the late war, and voted against granting supplies to the American army, can forget all their own toryism, and slander both tha living arid the dead. ' .. . The Mecklenberg (North Carolina) Jeffersonian says: "He (Ezekiel Polk) was actively engaged in two campaigns fighting for independence, and afterwards lesigned bis commission of captain in the continental aimy. He never did aid the ene mies of hit country in any shape or form." .This ' statement the Jeffersonian says they stand ready to prove. . ,: , s ! :::" ': ', . ' , That Ezekiel Polk opposed the British we have the testimony of Captain Jack; which will be found in (he National Archives, vol. 2, p. 858, which is as follows :,. . ; ... .lt .' .-,,., , .. "CAPTAIN JACK'S CERTIFICATE :-i "Having seen in the newspapers some pieces respecting the declaration of independence by the people of Mecklenberg county, in the State of North Caroliaa, in May, 1775. and being solicited to state what I know of that transaction, I would observe, that for some time previous to, and at the time those resolutions were agreed upon, I resided in the town of Charlotte, Mecklenberg county;, was privy to a number of meetings of some of the most Influential and leading characters of that county on the subject, before the final adoption of the resolutions, and at the time they were adopted. Among those who appeared to take the lead, may be mentioned, Hezekiah Alexander, who general ly acted as chairman, John McKoitt Alexander as secretary ( Abraham Alexander, Adam Alexander, Major John Davidson, Major (afterwards General) 1 William Davidson, Colonel Thomas fotH, .zcn el Polk, Doctor Ephraim Brevard, Samuel Martin, Duncan Ocheltrce, William Willson, Robert Irvio. "When tbe resolutions were finally agreed on, they were publicly proclaimed from the courthouse door in the town of Charlotte, and received with every demonstration of joy by the inhabitants. "I was then solicited lo be the bearei of the pro ceedings to Congress. I set out in the following month, (say June,) and in passing through Salis bury, the general court was sitting; at the request of the court I banded a copy of the -resolutions to Colonel Kennon, an attorney, and they were read aloud in open court. Major William Davidson, and Mr. Avery, an attorney, called on me at my lodgings the evening after, and observed they had heard of but one person (a Mr. Beard) but approv ed of them. . , "I then prodeeded on to Philadelphia, and deliv ered the Mecklenberg declaration of independence of May, 1775,' to Richard Caswell and William Hooper, the delegates to Congress from the State of North Carolina. : ' , ' , : "I am now In the 88lh year of my age, residing in the county of Elbert; in the of Georgia. I was in the revolutionary war I commenc ment to the close.' .. "I would further oUorve t' . ...e Reverend Francis Cummins, a Presbyterian clergyman, of Greene county, in this State', was a student in the town of Charlotte at the time of the adoption of the resolutions, and is es well, or perhaps better acquainted with the proceedings at that time than any man now living. ... "Colonel William Polk of Raleigh, in North Car olina, was living with his father. Thomas, in Char lotte, at the time I have been speaking, of, and although then too young to be forward in the bu siness, yet the leading circumstances I have rela ted cannot have escaped his recollection. : , "JAMES JACK. "Signed this 7th of December, 1819", in pres ence of Job Weston, C. C. O. James Oliver, Att'y at law." 1 E MOO 11 A TI O CON V E NTION. At a convention of Delegates from the several townships in Monroe County, held at the court house, in Woodsfield, 011 the 27th ol July 1844, to nominate one candidate for Representative, one County .Auditor, one Surveyor, and one County Commissioner. The convention was called to order by Dr. Humphreys. Whereupon James Walton Jr. was appointed President, William S. Wilson Vice President, and William Okey and Samuel W Noll Secretaries. On motion, the Townships were called In alpha betical order; whereupon the following named delegates appeared from the several townships, and presented the Poll Books from the several town ship conventions: Adams William Sinclair, Samuel Bracy. Bethel Ebenezer S.Tingley, Neri Lindemood. Centre William C. Walton, William Okey. Elk Elson Power. Enoch Samuel Powell. ... ' Franklin Rowland Bevan, Jehu Rucker. Green Elias Shriver. Jackson Thomas H iffman. , , : ; Malaga Christian Yockey, Jacob Loy. ., Ohio Samuel W. Noll. Perry John Pifer, John Montgomery. Salem James Walton Jr. Richard Cain. Seneca Job Philips. . . . ' , . , ; Sunsbury Israel D. Riley, William. S. Wilson. Switzerland William H. Brock. Union A. W. Humphreys. Washington Ezekiel Blair Wayne Stephen Conger, Matthew Daugherty. Upon counting the votes given in the several townships, it was found that Edward Archbold, re ceived the highest number of votes for Represen tative, John M. Kirkbride for Auditor, John B. Noll for Surveyor, and John Cline for .Commis sioner. 1 Thereupon on motion of Mr. Walton. Resolved, That Edward Archbold, John M. Kirkbride, John B. Noll, John Cline, having re ceived a majority of the democratic popular vote of Monroe County, are therefore duly declared the nominees of this convention. Resolved, That we will use all fair and honora ble means to procure tbe election of the aforesaid nominees, to the respective offices for which they have been nominated. ' On motion,' William C. Walton, Israel D. Ri ley, A. Wi Humphreys, Rowland Bevan, and Richard Coin, were . appointed a committee' to draft resolutions expressive of the .sense of this meeting. The committee after being absent a short time returned, and by their chairman Mr. Walton reported the following resolutions which was unanimously adopted: . R'f lvt, That frequent recurrence to original and fundamental principles, is necessary to perpet uate our republican institutions. , - ' Resolved, That the democratic party, now, as in thejdays of Jefferson, are opposed to s latitudina nan construction of tbe Constitution of the United States, as dangerous to the rights of the States, and the liberties of the people. ,n , Resolvd, Tbat Congress in legislating for the Union, should vigilantly guard against the exer cise of powers not delegated in the constitution, or such as may be absolutely necessary to carry into effect the delegated powers. . , , . . Resolved, That, the democratic party are oppos ed to a United States Bank, the assumption of State debts, the distribution of tbe proceeds of the public lands, a high tariff, and the late corrupt bank rupt law; passed only by Henry Clay's refusal to be "palsied" by the will of his constituents. , ', Resolved, That we unitedly respond to the nom ination made by the Democratic National Conven tion at Baltimore, of JAMES K. POLK of Ten nessee for President, and GEORGE M. DAL LAS if Pennsylvania for Vice President; . . Resolved, That In DAVID TOD. our Demo cratic Candidute for Governor, we have a mau 1 well qualified to fill the Gubernatorial Chair of Ohio.'.'.'. i- ') :: ' v "' '.,! ' Resolved, That with Jaine K. Polk, George M Dallas, and David .Todas our standard bear ers, we have an array ol talents, purity of charac ter and republican principles, worthy of the sup port of the democratic party. . i . U -' Resolved, That we are in favor of the immedi ate occupation of Oregon, believing as we do tbat itoi right belongs to these United States. - ,, : !' Reeohed, That we are in favorof the re-annexation of Texas to the United States, at the earliest practical period. ';' On 'motion, Resolved, That the delegates ap pointed to the District Convention from this coun ty, have power to fill any vacancies hat may oc cur iu their body, and that the person so appointed vole the will of the township for which be may be appointed as expressed in township convention..; "James WsltonJr. on behalf of Salem township, presented the following resolution: -. . v..; ' iVltereas, on the 12lb day of March 1844, -the legislature of Ohio passed an' act to regulate the Militia. Therefore, Resolved, ' 1st. That said act will disorganize (he Militia. 2nd- That no such act was called fur by the people. . 1;. , :?. 8d. That Mid act Is not warranted oy tne consti tution of Ohio. : 1 4th. That said law is unfair in its operation, by forcing the poor man to labor at 25 cent per dsy and board himself. 'V 6th. That said law is entirely impracticable. 6ih. That so far as this meeting compose a part of the constituents of the Representative from Monroe County in the coming, legislature,' we hereby instruct him to Vote for the repeal of the late Militia A.8W. . . ' y : ., , 1 . 5 Which was adopted. ' - ; " - On motion of Mr. Riley, the meeting appoint ed William Craig, ThomasWest, E. S. Tingley, William Sinclair, James Walton Jr. George Crow Isaac A. Brock, Benjamin Stine, Stephen Con ger, a committee of vigilance for the Democratic nnrlv of Monroe CountV. On motion, resolved, that we cheerfully recom- mend to the democracy of Monroe County, bur ' democratic paper the "Spirit of Democracy" and nisiiro miroitivMi to ue all Droner means to extend ,.v-6- . - - -r . . . Ill rirrnlalion. '-" ' ' ' Messrs. Joeph Morris, Edward Archbold, and William C. Walton Esq'r. being severally cal. led upon, addressed the convention at considerable length, each tendering to the Dtmocracy their thanks for honor conferred upon them, and con. trusting the Democratic with the Whig party to' the no great advantage of the latter. ' .' On motion, Resolved, That the proceedings of this convention be signed by the officers thereof, and published in the Spirit op Democracy. " On motion the convention adjourned. . ' -. JAMES WALTON Prtst. - Wm. S. WitBos Vice Prest. William 'Okey, , i ' -' i'i Samuel W. Noll, Secretaries.1 ' r'i.i From the New England Democrat . IMPRISONMENT OF MR. DORR LIBER TY OUTRAGED THE DECLARATION of independence trampled up on tyranny triumphant the people slaves. ; ; 5 " It has never been our lot to record such a mon strous outrage upon rebulican institutions and indi vidual rights, such a palpable violation of the princi ples of the great Charter of American Freedom, as we do this day Jolt Fourth , 1844 the Anni versary of the Declaration of Independence, which struck terror to the heart of tyrants and gave liber ty to the New World. We have now to record a gross violation of the spirit and letter of that glo rious instrument, in the conviction and sentence of Govv Dorr for treason! The deed is done; the work of tyranny is con summated; the cup of Algerine infamy is full! THOMAS WILSON DORR has been sentenced to imprisonment and hard labor in the State Prison of Rhode Island, during his natural life, '. The soul less individuals who have aided in this work of cruelty and oppression, the judges who sat on the trial and delivered the sentence,- will go'downto posterity side by side with the black-hearted ty rants of former times, who trampled upon the right of the people and sacrificed the best, the purest, and the greatest meu of their times; while the name, and character of the brave, virtuous, and uncom promising patijot.DORR, will rank with the great est and best men that have adorned and elevated Humanity. The dungeon, tbe atake, the cross, have had their victims, who have shed light and glory, Christianity and immortality upon man. TU.lMm.u.nl .ni.!l I a Irt 1 1 ffPftt 1111(18100. fief- forms its work fearlessly, bears persecution cheer fully, and gloriously triumphs in the end over all opposition -. On Monday, the 24th of Jane, the Court refused Mr. Dorr's motion in arrrst of judgment for want of jurisdiction The Attorney General then mov ed that "sentence be pronounced upon the prison er." Mr. At well, counsel for Mr. Dorr, moved that "ixecution of the sentence should be suspend ed until the case could be heard before the Su preme Court of the United States " This the Court decided could-not be done, and adjourned to Tuesday morning, at which time Mr. Dorr was brought forward to receive the sentence of tbe Court. . The Clerk having asked the usual ques tion "Prisoner, what have you to say, why sen tence should not be pronounced against you?" Mr. Dorr arose and addressed the Court for about thirty minutes in a calm and dignified manner, . briefly reviewing the case. In the course of his ' remarks he said to the Judge, (and who that ha a spark of pure patriotism burning within him will not respond to the sentiment,) that, under theeir- -cumstances of the case, A icoull not "exchange me place of a prisoner at me tar jot a seat oy yaw side won the bench." Chief Justice Durfee brief ly replied, and then pronounced the following sen-tence-"THAT -THE SAID THOMAS W. DORR BE IMPRISONED IN THE STATJS'3 PRISON, AT PROVIDENCE, IN THE COUN TY OF PROVIDENCE, FOR. THE TERM OF HIS NATURAL LIFE, AND THERE A KEPT AT HARD LABOR, IN SEPARATE CONFINEMENT." - " V I- . :.u .t.. . . nr- T.... 411 ;LUIUaiK.Q Willi UIB OClllClll.U, 4ll 1U1I Wmn, on Thursday evening, brought up from Newport ' to Providence and lodged iu the State Prison. We learn that he entered the prison with a firm step, cheerfully submitting to his fate. ' And thus ha terminated his trial in f sentence which for wickedness and cold hearted oppression, ha no pirallel in this country. Mr. Dorr was tried tor . ' .1. - i : . r yi i iicubuii gaiiii uic,t;iiaj tcr guvrriiiucui ui jiuuuo Island, which is already defunct, and which the very men who tried him bad treasonablv ' over thrown without law or the color of law, a that instrument contained no provision for amendment or repeal and et lip another government in it place Mr. Dorr was chosen Governor under a constitution adopted hy a large majority of the peo ple, in accordance with the principle of the Dec laration of Independence. The treason which he had committed consisted in his endeavors, it; ac cordance with the oath which he took upon enter- . ing upon office, to administer to the best of his abil- : iiy, me government wnicn toe people had right fully established. It will be recollected that the acting President of the United States interfered by promising the aid of the United Slates forces to the Old Charter or Aleerine oartv: this ml.rmed the Free Suffrage party, and thus was the People' Constitution, and tbe People' Governor, (Mr. IJnrf-l hw lh milllarv fnri. nt ,1.. VTn:.J c.tu . j v. j .... .v vi iua ymiou owtcs, overpowered and. out down.. Herein was Mr.' Dorr' treason glorious (reason ! treason which will immortalize hi name and endear it to the friend of libeity throughout all time. ; '' - ; -:. Compare the case of Mr. Dorr with that of O'Copnell, the celebrated' repealer. The .latter is ; convicted of treason and sentenced to twelve months imprisonment in the Richmond Penitentiary,"