OCR Interpretation


The spirit of democracy. [volume] (Woodsfield, Ohio) 1844-1994, September 20, 1844, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038115/1844-09-20/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

From th a Cincinnati Enquirer
"HEN'RY CLAY ESPOUSED THE CAUSE
Of AARON BURR" THE CHARGE
Made and denounced by- the
CINCINNATI GAZETTE, PROVEN .BY
I N CON TESTI 13 L E EVIDENCE BY ONE
WHO "ESPOUSED THE CAUSE"' WlTH
r CLAY!
On the 29th of July last wo charged
Henry Clay with having espoused tie
caue of that arch-traitor to his' country,
AAjKU. UUJili! 3 To make such, a
:hai"g6a henious crime ' bgainst the
Uuiua oaJ its Constitution against the
peace and property and rights of inil-lions---upon
sucli a man as Clay, the
aspirant for the -highest honor that
-country, which he sought to betray,can
'bestow upon its sons, is a very grave
'matter, and one of such responsibility
"that Ft should hot'be made without suh
' stantial evidence. The evidence, when
the charge was first made, was the let
ter of Aaron Uurr himself, to Henry
Clay, which we then published,, in
which 'Uurr said to Clay he "had not es
poused the cause of a man, in any wiy
unfriendly to the daws,'" &c
i ..- 'This wus pounced upon by the Cin
cinnati Gazette and other whig papers,
and thechoiccst epithets from the vo
cabulary exhausted in repelling it as
false and infamous the Gazette charg
ing us with gross distortion of truth,
and asserting that Clay only as a law
yer "espoused the cause of Burr."
Since this matter has occasioned so
"much fluttering among the whig parti
zan organs, we commend the following
' to further notoriety. Those presses
that have outraged all the obligations
, of religion, morals, truth anl public o
pinion by their flagrant assaults upon
the ancestry of Gol. Polk, denouncing
them as Tories in the Revolution, and
- when convicted of foul libel by the
Jiving evidence, still reiterating the
.damnable lie, , can here see the ef
fect of their course; they find their
own chief charged with being identi
fied with the most dangerous traitor,
in the most dangerous act of treason,
that the American Uniun ever harbor
ed or was threatened with, and not on
ly 'espoused the cause'' of this traitor,
but was the instrument to prevail upon
others to do tho same.
Affidavit of John Downing, of Lexing
ton, K'tnluchj.
At the time of Aaron Burr's first vis
it to the town of Lexington, I was sent
for by John Jordon to come to his
house. Upon from:: there, I louud Burr.
J ohn and .Major Boyd, sitting in a room
tose the r. Jordon introduced me to
Col. Burr, who invited me to accompa
ny him up stairs. I followed on until
he led me into the garret. When there
alone with him, he developed what he
' represented to be his plan, and solici
ted me to join linn in the character of
a spy, for which duties he stated I had
been recommended by Jordon. His
designs, as unfolded by himself to me,
were upon Mexico, and he presentee
the prospects ofimmensc wealth. lie
likewise declared to nie that many in
dividuals of the highest respectability,
in the place and elsewhere, had associ
ated themselves with him. 1 heard no
intimation of tiny unfriendly designs
upon the Union. . . .
After leaving Burr, I consulted some
of my friends as to the propriety of
joining him. Among the rest, Mr. Ilen-
ry CI iy, who was at that time a respec
table young lawyer of the town, and
my particular friend, tie advised me
by all means to engage in the project,
urging a variety of re.ftons why it was
better for me than to continue liorm
at my trrde of a carpenter. As a fur
tner inducement, lie stated tiiat lie
himself was engaged with Burr and
intended to go with him. After this
interview with Clay, and one with Jor
don, and the idea that tney were going,
1 made up my mind to engage with
Burr in his schemes, regarding them as
1 did as perfectly legitimate and prop
er. After I had become, one of Burr's
men, I had repeated interviews with
him in Jordon's "arret, to which no
one was admitted but ourselves. When
I had concluded and departed from the
room, some one else would be admit
ted singly and alone; in returning
from the interviews, I have repeatedly
met Henry Clay ascending to the gar
ret, into which he was admitted by
Burr to a private interview. I have
often, in going up to the garret, me t
Clay descending, and I particularly re
collect that on one occasion ho left the
garret room in which Burr wes, just as
I entered. When Mr. Clay was in
this place lie sent a young wan to me
to complain that 1 had charged him
with being associated with Burr; I re
plied that I did not know that 1
could ptove the fact on Mr. Clay,
for I had only his (Mr. Clay's)
word for it, together with the positive
assurance of Aaron Burr; and 1 fur her
'answered, that if Mr. Clay would call
upon me, 1 would satisfy him that he
'had so" stated to me, if he would ack
nowledge the truth.
Ml'. Clay did not pay me the visit
desired. It was a matter of public no
toriety at the time Burr was here, that
'Clay was his particular friend. I de
termined at one time to abandon my
-' intention of accompanying Burr, and
;tipori making the suggestion to Mr.
' Clay,' he dissuaded me from it in the
.'strongest terms, and .finally succeeded
1 in fixing me in my original determination.
Given under my linn. K at Lexington.
Ivy. this; 3rd da vbf October;i$28..v
f ': JOHN DOWNING. ;
FjiTETTE CoUNTf, SS. ''.y '
l'erson rtly appeared before" me, the
subscriber, one of the Justices of the
l'eace for the county aforesaid, John
Downing, and made oath that the facts
set forth in the above statement are
true to the best ol his knowledge and
belief.
; Oct. 3, 1823. O. KEEN, J. P. '
- CERTIFICATE
W e have known John Downing, a
citizen of Lexington, as a ' mechanic,
for many years some of us more than
twenty We do not hesitate to say,
that we know nothing to impair his
standing, on oath which should be en
titled to full credit and belief.
E. Warfield, George Norton,
. Poslktitwait, IF. Leary, .
Chas. Wicldilfe,
John iV. Bull, .
Geo. M. M'Calla,
W. W. Whitney,
Will Clark,
C. Hunt,
O. Keen,
L. Hawkins.
Samuel Trotter,
A. T. Hawkins,
L. Stephens,
John Lower ey,
II. S. Todd,
Alex. Stephens,
Chas. II. Wickliffn.F. AVLean.
James Clark,
Lexington, Oct. 4, 1 823.
The original of the above statement
and certificate is left at the oflicc of
the Kentucky Gazette, free for the in
spection of all parties.
James Clark, one of these signers,
was at that time member of Congress
fj-om Air. Clay's former district, and
the others in italics were then adminis
tration men of the highest respectabili
ty in Lexington and" Fayette counties,
many of whom are now living.
Jow, reader, what are vou to think
of H enry Clay? If Mr. Burr wus in
nocent ot treason, why does Mr. Clay
stimulate John Binns, Pleasants, Ham
mond, Smith, Worsley, and the other
presses un.'er his party, to assail Gen.
Jackson as a traitor? Jf Burr was in
nocent, Mr. Clay is guilty of supporting
false witnesses against Gen. Jackson.
If Burr be guilty, then was Henry Clay
a tkaitoii. Turn this subject as you
will, it ends in his guilt and shame.
And are we, the American people, to
be sold? Arc we to barter our birth
rights, the suffrages of millions of free
men, to continue ill-gotten power in
such hands? Forbid it, Heaven!
AMERICANS, DO YOU HEAR THIS 1 110
London Atlas, the organ of the to 17
party in England, in an article on "the
American presidency" says, "as re
gards English interests welook upon the
pipbable return of Mr. Clay with mix
ed feelings, and with Mr. Clay as pres
ident, and the whig party in the ascen
dant in Congress, we should feel much
more comfortable in regard to our for
eign relations, and might look forward
with more confidence to the adjustment
of the awkward questions respecting
thcOegon frontier, which, if neglected',
may at some future period lead to seri
ous embarrassments."
Here we have it in full. The Brit
ish Clayitcsin America are in full con
fidence with the British lories in Eng
land, and their only wish appears to
be to e'evate Clay to the presidency
in order to an amicable adjustment of
the Oregon question, or, in other words,
let England have it!
If the American people do not wish
to have their necks brought again under
the iron yoke of England, they will at I
once sec to it that Henry Clay, aided by
Ills British friends abroad, is not placed
i;i the presidential chair.- Look to it,
Democrats. Dadham (M iss.)Dm.
The following notice of British in
terference in the affairs of Texas, ap
pears in a late number of the Houston
(Texas) Telegraph:
We now learn, upon the authority of
Li apt. Ijlliot himself, ''that hngland has
advised Mexico under no circumstan
ces to acknowledge the independence
of Texas, but to keep up an armistice
with her as long as possible; and in
case a successful attempt at annexa
tion between the United States and
Texas took place, then go to war, and
England would back her in the contest."
Tins confirms us in the opinion we have
long entertained, that our independ
ence will never be acknowledged by
Mexico while there is a prospect of
annexation. Lngland will resist this
measure as long as it can be resisted
by diplomacy. And our government
journal admits that, "the inlluence ol
bngland over Alexico is almost if not
entirely unbounded."
A IIokrid Sentiment. It is assert
ed in the Cincinnati Enquirer, that Na
than buntord, editor of the Cincinnati
Atlas, the leading Clay paper in that ci
ty, declared he would rather that all
the women in JVew Orleans had been
violated, than that Gen. Jackson had
proclaimed martial law. .Such is the
spirit of Clay Federalism..
"High wages."--Henry Clay and
Daniel Webster received in a single
year more than 15,000 each from the
United States Bank, foB alleged "pro
fessional services.'!. This, we presume,
is the ''high wages" thq coons are so
continually talking about." :
.,C9-Hon. FRANCIS R. SHUNK.was unani
mously nominated ai the democratic candidate for
governor of Pennsylvania, on the 2d inst.
THE SPIHIT OP DEMOCIIACY.
EDITED BY J. R. MORRIS.
W O O PS FIE LP
FniDAV, SEPTEMBER 20, 1844.
FOR PRESIDENT, "
JAMES K. J'OLK,
. Of Tennessee.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
.- GEOItGE M. DALLAS,
Of Pennsylvania.
ELECTORAL TICKET.
SENATORIAL.
Joseph H. Lar will, of Wayne, ,
Dowtt Utter, of Clermont.
CONGRESSIONAL.
lit District Clayton Webb, of Hamilton,
2d
James M. Dorsey, of Darke,
3d
4th
6th
6th
7th
8th
9 th
!n,.h
1 1th
I2th
13th
14th
15th
16th
17th
18th
19th
20th
21st
R. D. Fors.man, of Green,
J vdce John Taylor, of Champaign
David IIiogins, of Lucas,
Gilbert Beach, of Wood,
John D. White, of Brown,
Thomas Megrady, of Rose,
Valentine Keffer, of Pickaway,
James Parker, of Licking,
Grenville P. Cherry, ofMarion,
George Corwine, ofScioto,
Cautious C. Covey, of Morgan,
Isaac M. Lanning, of Guernsey,
Walter Jamieson, of Harrison,
Sebastian Brainard, of Tusca's.
James Forbes, sr. of Carroll,
Neal McCoy, of Wayne,
Milo Stone, of Summit,
Benjamin Adams, of Lake,
Stephen N. Sargent, of Medina.
DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS. ELEC
TION, TUESDAY, OCTOBER STH.
FOR GOVERNOR OF OHIO,
DAVID TOD, of Trumbull County.
FOR CONGRESS
JOSEPH MORRIS.
FOR REPRESENTATIVE,
EDWARD ARCHB0LD.
FOR COUNTY AUDITOR,
JOHN M. KIRKBRIDE.
FOR COUNTY COMMISSIONER,
JOHN CLINE.
FOR COUNTY SURVEYOR,
JOHN B. NOLL.
REMOVAL.
We have removed our printing office to the
brick building recently occupied by Mr. J. Steed
as a grocery, two doors north of the Mansion
House.
DEMOCRATIC MEETINGS.
. Messrs. MORRIS, WALTON, and other dem
ocratic speakers wilt address the people on the po
litical topics of the day, at the following times and
places :
At Clarington, on Tuesday, the 24th of Sept.
" Sardis, Wednesday the 25th.
" Autioch, Thursday the 2Gth.
" Cline's school house in Perry township on
Saturday the 28th.
03- We call the particular attention of our
readers to the article from the Cincinnati Enquirer
to be found in this day's paper, in relation to Clay's
connection with Burr.
OO- We were requested a few days since, by a
whig, to publish the whig and liberty county
tickets. We are under no obligation to any of the
gentlemen, for there is not one of the candidates a
subscriber to our paper. We however comply
with the request, and give their tickets one
insertion.
TOBACCO.
A desire has been frequently expressed that
some person would ascertain the number of hogs-
beads of tobacco packed in this county the last
summer. We will do so, if our merchant! will
aid us in the matter.
03- The OHIO COON CATCHER, published
by S. Medary in Columbus, is doing wonders
among the wild beasts. Go ahead! It is just
what is required for the times.
ARTHUR'S LADIES MAGAZINE.
We have received the September and October
numbers of this excellent magazine. We do not
hesitate to recommend it to our readers as one of
the best magazines now published. The reputa
tion of T. S. Arthur, the editor, stands deserv
edly high, as a popular writer. Each number of
this magazine contains 48 pages of excellent
reading matter, "the same amount given by the
three dollar magazines, while the price of this
work is but two dollars per annum." This
alone should recommend it to the lovers of maga
zines. The October number contains two beau
tiful steel, and two wood engravings. We intend
publishing the prospectus for this work as soon
as we can find room. Persons wishing to subscribe
will address E. Ferrett & Co., 101 Chestnut
street, Philadelphia.
QCj-A coon of Cadiz by the name of Samuel A.
Russel, undertook a few days since, to murder the
editor of the democratic paper of that place, L.
Harper Esq. Tlio editor says, that Russel "struck
him above the left eye, at a moment when he was
not looking towards him, a violent blow with a
bolt ofleid, from the effects of which he fell, and
remained insensible for some time." 1
Mr. Harper further says, "he has a buhdant evi
dence to prove that this attack was premeditated,
and was committed coolly, deliberately and with
malice prepense." Is it by murdering democrats
that the whigs expect to succeed in carrying the
election? ' ' '' ; ' - ' ' '
-; , v i i i i' i I i i . , -
(JO-The Hod. Silas Wright, the pure pa
triot and democrat, lias been nominated by the
lite State Convention, as the democratic candidate
for Governor of New -York -. 1C there were before
any doubts as to (he success of the democracy in
the Empire State, tliisjiominalioa Tenders it cer
tain for Polk and Dallas.
THE WHEELING GATHERINGS.
Both political parties had a great outpouring of
their friends in Wheeling on Thursday, the 12th
inst It has. never been.' bur fortune .to witness
ai many people nsjembled in-One place as we
witnessed on that day. - As Usual, both parties
claimed to have a majority present We were
confidently assured by a gentleman of the first
respectability in Wheeling, that the democrats
outnumbered the whigs in procession about 300
We were also told that the ground occupied by
the democrats on Thursday, was the same occupied
by the whgs at their great mass meeting in 1840;
and we were assured by citizens of our county,
that there appeared to -be quite as many in atten
dance, judging from the ground covered by the
multitude at the democratic meeting as there
were whigs in 1840, when they claimed to have
from 20 to 30 thousand. : '
The democrats were addressed by Major A.
Devazac, the aid of Gen. Jackson, at the battle of
New Orleans, by Gov. Pope, of Kentucky; Pat
rick Collins, of Cincinnati; Mr. Johnson, of Va
and others.'- We never listened to a more chaste,
eloquent, and patriotic address than that delivered
by Maj. Devazac. Gov. Pope stated as a singular
fact that the only two whigs out of the eleven
from the State of Kentucky, who voted for the
present tarifl law, were now going for Polk and
Dallas these two being T. F. Marshall and him
self. The way Patrick Collins gave it to the
Native American coons was a caution to these
tPi'M varmints, '
The whigs, as we understand, had for their
speakers, that Judas, Wm. C. Rives; that man,
Andrew Stewart, whom our own John B Wcller
licked vp so clean; a Mr. Summers, of Virginia;
a Mr. Russell, of Cadiz, who tried to murder the
editor of the democratic paper of that place; and
a host of small fry song singers. While at the
whig stand in the evening, we noticed that there
were about 30 persons listening to the speech of
some gentleman under the awning, while the
balance of the crowd were listening to the songs
of some coons on the steps of the court house,
about rail riding a gentleman of Steubenvillu,
should he dare visit Wheeling; but we guess they
thought that thing of rail riding was a two handed
game, and wisely concluded to let it alone, and
it's well they did.
One thing we remarked while the whig pro
ceision was moving along the streets, that the
steps of both the banks ol Wheeling were a perfect
jam, whether it was the desire to be in the vicinity
of money, or to get a situation to see the crowd,
we leave for others to judge.
CC5- It is rumored that Mr. Clay intends publish
ing in a few weeks the first edition of a new
work, to be called the "Complete Letter Writer."
Such a work would no doubt find ready sale
among the coons. We would advise him to have
it published by the editor of the Ohio State Jour
nal, under the superintendence of Mr. Ewing,
who was so expert in 1840, writing letters in
opposition to a United States Bank.
The following is an extract from Mr. Clay's
LATEST, 10 answer to J, JV1. Clayton, with oui
own annotations :
"1'ou tell me that I am accused of having aban
doned the protective policy. That would distress
me exceedingly, if I were not accused of all sorts
of crimes and misdemeanors. Well that, is one
way of avoiding a direct answer. I believe I
have been charged with every crime enumerated
iii the decalogue. Where there is so much smoke
there is always some fire. I laugh at the straits
to which my opponents are driven. We would
like to hear that laugh : wonder which side of his
mouth it comes from. They are to be pitied.
So is the maniac wife of the lamented Cillcv.1
Shrinking from all the issues arising out of the
great questions of national policy which have
hitherto divided the country, Mr. Clay s,iid in
1810, "the day for reasoning had gone by," they
have no other refuge left, but in personal abuse,
detraction, and defamation. Clubs are trumps.
I have lived down these attacks heretofore, land
been twice beaten for President and with the
blessings of Providence, Mr. Clay once said
to Speaker Polk, "go home, G d d n you,
wljere you belong,' I hope to survive those
which they are now directing against me. As
he did in 1832. Most certainly my surprise at
the attempt to make me out a friend of free trade
with foreign countries, and an opponent of the
protective policy, "all parties should be satisfied
with a (anil for revenue with discriminations for
protection," ought not to be greater than that
of my competitor at the effort to establish his
friendship for the protective policy. Gentlemanly
very. Mr. Clay won't go round the country
electioneering, oh, no; but he can write elec
tioneering letters with the greatest facility.
"I remain truly and faithfully your friend,
H. CLAY.
"J. M. Clayton, Esq."
GOV. THOMAS W. DORR.
Hemy Clay in his Raleigh speech, speaking of
Mr. Dorr and the Rhode Island difficulties, says:
"The whigs everywhere, I believe to a man.
have disapproved and condemned the movement
of Dorr."
This is the sentiment of. the whole whig party.
Now hear the sentiments of. those patriots. Gen.
Jackson and Martin Van Buren on the same subject,
being their letters to the citizens of Providence,
assembled to protest against the cruelties inflicted
against Dorr. .
; Letter jrom General Jackson.
Hermitage, Aug. 22, 1844.
Gentlemen: I have the pleasure of acknowl
edging the receipt of your letter of the 2d instant,
inviting me to your mass meeting on the 4th of
next month, i . '-.-..,.
Although the state of my health compels me to
decline all invitations to public meetings, I take a
deep interest in them, as developing the progress
of our institutions and testing the capacity of the
people to improve their systems of government, at
the same time that they enjoy the blessings of equal
and just laws; to receive and foster which is,. or
ought to be, the object of all government.-
That the people of Rhode Island will be fortu
nate in this respect a her other sister States have
been, and that they will, in a peaceable and legal
manner, provide such guaranties for the protection
of the citizen as will shield him from oppression or
unreasonable punichment, I cannot doubt ".
If I understand the issue presented in the trial and
condemnation of Governor Dorr, he can have com
mitted no offence except that of endeavoring to
supersede the-royal charter by a constitution em
nuting directly from the people, and based In this
respect on the great principle which runs through
all constitutions of tho American States." Granting
even that he erred as to the means adopted, either
in reference to time or form, it is difficult to con-
reiua tini n pvpr nnnUlimin inflicted Ulibn
111111 Willi f IU.II1I.M. . A i
' ThsnkingyoU, gentlemen, for theTvprable terms
in .which you have been plejsed to speak of my
character and services, and for the Interest you
manifest in behalf of the republican cause, which
we have every reason to believe will be again tri
umphant in the election of those well-tried and pa
triotic democrats, Polk and Dallas, I remain, as
ever, your friend and well wisher, and I have the
honor of subscribing myself your obedient servant,
ANDREW JACKSON.
Mossrs Benj. Cowell, W. R. Danforth, and others,
committee.
Thejetter was written in the manuscript of the
old General.
.Letltrfrom Mr. Van Bur en.
.Lindenwald, Aug. 28th 1814.
Gentlemen1: I have had the honor to receive
.your invitation to attend a democratic mass meet
ing friendly to the election of Polk and Dallas anH
to the liberation of Gov. Dorr from tho State pris
on in a legal manner, to be held at providence on
the 2d day of September.
It will not be in my power to he with you, but
you may be assured of my best wishes for the sue
cess of the objects of your meeting. My opinion
of the democratic national candidates, and my earn
est wishes for their success, have been so often and
so fully expressed as to leave nothing to add upon
these subjects,
With no motive to look upon Gov. porr's case
in any other than an impartial light, I am constrain
ed to regard it as one of oppression, alike severe,
humiliating, and unjust. I cannot, therefore, do
otherwise than wish success, earnestly and sincere
ly, to all efforts of (he character you have described
which may be made for his release; and shall look
forward with anxiety and hope to the happy mo
ment when, through their agency, backed by the
united sentiment of the democracy of the nation
he shall be restored to his freedom and those politi
cal rights which I am persuaded it was never his
intention to prostitute to unworthy much less to
criminal objects.
I am, gentlemen, very respectfully and truly
yours, M. VAN IiTJREN
To W. R. Danforth, Benj. Cowell, and others
committee
LOW PRICES
The following article from the New York
Morning News, should be read by every Ameri
can farmer. Let it be read carefully, that it may
be understood. How long are our farmers to
submit to be taxed by a few northern manufuc
turers?
"The low prices of agricultural produce, more
particularly nour, is a matter ot very serious
interest, not only to farmers, whom it more iinmc.
diately concerns, but to merchants and mamifac
turers, who look to the farmers for a sale of thc.r
goods. The prices of flour were never so low or
heavy as now, and thcllow prices are undoubtedly
the effect of the dccrea?e of our external trade,
consequent upon the present tariff. The state of
affairs which existed between this country and
Great Britain, when the harvest of that country
failed in 1838, was in a position eminently calcu.
lated to fister the interests of this country at large,
by the sudden, destruction of intercourse caused
by raising the tariff of this country from a level
of 20 to 30 per cent., turned the channel of trade
forcibly from this market, and compelled England
to buy ot the north of Europe, the nations of
which have in the last four years largely increased
their purchases of British goods in return for the
corn Mie buys of them. In 1838, the import of
corn into Great Britain was paid for in specie;
subsequently, down to the year 1844, although
the import of corn continued, tho export of specie
to pay for it ceased, but the export of goods
increased. The latter in the last two years beinir
excluded from the United States, the import of
flour from the United Slates lias nearly ceased
The following is a table of tho import of wheat
into England in each year, the export from the
United States to Great Britain in the same years,
with the average price of flour in the United
States.
Import of wheat into Great Britain reduced to
bushels the iquioalent of flow and wheat , in
bushels of wheat, eiported from the United
Stales to Great Jlritain, and the average price
vj jiuur m me unuca estates ;
Imp. wheat Exp from
Prices
of
iritolMigld.
U. S. toG.
Britain.
110,000
130,000
2,528,000
6,831000
4,004,409
4,485,055
Flour
1837 3.079.536
$!) 91
8 00
7 50
.5 09
0 50
4 75
1838 10,305,695
18.19 21,004,840
1840 1 8,502,120
1841 19,192,100
1842 - 21,843,552
1843 7,200,000
1,353,166
4 50
In 1840, the foreign corn trade of England was
becoming Jarge, but the tariff of 1841, by check
ing the trade of this country, stopped the demand
for flour, because, instead of paying the United
States for wheat in specie, a mutual trade had
grown up, by which it could be obtained in the
north of Europe for goods. The progress of this
export is seen as follows I
Export of goods Irom Great Britain.
To N. of Europe. To U. S.
,g39 . 11,991,258 , 8,839,205
1840 11,925,905 ' 6,283,020
841 12,819,178 '7,098.642
1842 .13,606,477 v 8,628,807
In 1843, the figures show a still greater decline
in the exports to the United States and an increase
to the north of Europe. The trade in that quarter
has become steady and settled into a regular
exchange of corn for goods. This would have
been the case with the United States, and the
6,000,000 bushels sent thither in 1840, would have
increased to 12,000,000 in 1844, had the trade
been permitted to grow. The result of so large
an export would have been to raise the price of
flour from $4,25, its present price, to 6, and have
imparted great wealth to the farmers. The whole
product of wheat in the United States is equal to
21,000,000 barrels of flour; by the export of
2,000,000 barrels, the average price of the whole
will be advanced $2, equal to $48,000,000 in the
products of the farmers. Congress has, however,
chosen to confine the trade. to the "home market,"
and instead, of an export of 1,894,000 barrels of
flour as 4o 1810, there wer but 841,474 barrels
exported in 1018. The remaining 1,000,000 bar
rels remaining in the market has been the real
cause of the present low prices..' It b in vain
to say that England would not buy, because she
actually did buy as much in 1843 as she did in
1840, but she gave goods for it in Europe. It
.was the United States that refused . to sell, bj
refusing i6 take goods In pay. The farmer was
sacrificed to the manufacturer, and. he cannot
prosper, until his produce freely seek the markets
of the world in exchange' for ''other products of
auor.
f . ' THE ELECTIONS.
'iJ late number of the Indiana State Sentinel as
sures its readers, that the democratic party have the
majority of the popular vote, The majority is put
down st 2129; last year tho democratic majority
was 2033. Notwithstanding, this the whigs have
a majority on joint ballot in the legislature. . The
Sentinel says the whigs have so gerrymandered the
State that it takes 1,506 votes to elect a democrat
while it takes only 1 ,061 to elect a whig. This ex
plains why it Is that the whigs have a majority on
joint ballot. ' " ' ' ',:" " ;-r-v
,?. v;-;iiK VERMONT J. 7;j
The Globe says:
v-The Boston Attas (whlg)publishesreturns from
198 of the 208 towns which, compose the State,
and the aggregates arc1 as 'follow if' '
Slade (whig) a . . - 24,868
Kellogg (democrat) . . 18,411
Scattering ,i . 4,865
Sladc's majority over Kellogg 5,457
Do." ' do."":' ; ' do.- ' all ; ; f 1,692
The whig majority in 1810 was 14,436.. ",,'.. ,
The whig majority so far is 7,677 less than it
was in 1840, while the -democratle vote so far is
402 greater than it was in 1840, hotving a demo
cratic gain of 7,979; which is 1,995 for each con
gressional district in the State. The .whole of the
States elect 223 members of Congress." If the
whigs should lose In every State at the same rate
they have lost in Vermont their; aggregate loss
would be 414,895; from 'which deduct 145,695,
(the whig majority in all tho States.in 1810,) and it
leaves 299,200 for the democratic majority for 1844.
Their comparative loss in Vermont has been great
er than it has been in any Stpte except Kentucky,
and yet they are boasting of their victory ip it.
They are so glad to get a majority anywhere, that
they never seem to think of making comparisons.
The whigs have re-elected their three members
of Congress. :-Dillingham (democrat) loads- the
whig in the other congressional district; but it is
believed the scattering votes have prevented his
re-election, as it requires a majority of all the votes
given in to elect in Vermont.
MAINE. .
The following is the latest neivs from Maine, the
returns from every quarter arc cheering to tho
democracy: -- ' ' " '
We are indebted to the Boston Post, the Maine
Age, and the Maine Democrat, all democratic pa
pers, for slips containingrcturnsot the Maine elec
tion; but we are still mote indebted to the Boston
Atlas, (whig,) wlm h ran an express from Maine
to Bo. ton, for returns which it did not send to us,
but which we take from the BaUimore Clipper.
The Atlas publishes returns from 161 towns,, in
cluding the whig portion of the State, which add
up as follows for governor : , .
Anderson (dem ) . 28,813
Robinson (whig) " 24,777,
Scattering ' ' 3,789
The returns in the same towns for governor four
rars ago, when the whig candidate re:civod a
majority of sixty odd over the democratic, but was
not elected, owing to ninety-odd scattering votes,
was as follows : '
Kent (whig) ' 30,682
Farfield (dem ) , ' " 27,699
The democratic giin so far,' compared with the
governor's election of 1840, is 7,149. If compared
with the jii csidrnti.il election of 1840, when Har
rison beat Vuu Btireu 413 in the State,, the demo
cratic gaiu would bo a little more, but we do tot
think it worth while to go into any very nince cal
culations, as it is probable the democratic majority
over all will be near 4,000, aud.over.tbe whig can
didate between nino and ten thousand. ,.
Dunlap (dem.) is re-elected to Congress from
the Cumberland district by about 1,200 majority;
and Severance (whig) is elected from the strong
whig district we forget what it is called by
about 1,400 majority, It is not likely that the
whigs will elect any other ctnrcssinau in Maino
at this trial; nor is it probable that they will elect
mother at the next trial. The democrats will prob
ably fail to cicc' in two or three strong democratic
districts, owing to (heir iuniiii:g double tickets.
. We guess the editor of the Boston Atlas will
not run another express to Maine this fall. - If he
the man we take him to be, we will venture to
say that he would rather have seen a sea serpent
161 feet lung, than the returns his messengers
brought from the 161 towns. This is only the be
ginning of tho end. He will see worse sights be''-
fore the fall is over, without sending tor them.
.. Globe. ,
Aladama Election. The summary of com
plete returns as given in the Tuscaloosa Monitor,
for members of the Legislature, shows the follow
ing result, as compared with last year:
1844.
Whig. Dem.
13 20
33 - 67
1843.
Whig. Dem.
14 19
36 64
83
Senate,
House,
Dem. maj. on joint ballot 41
Yancy, democrat, is elected to Congress, from
the third district, by a majority of 710.
Kentucky Elections Official. The fol
lowing is the aggregate vote cast for Governor and
Lieutenant Governor: ; : .., ,, , .
Owsley,
Butler.
65,056
Dixon.
60,070
48,989
11,081
Pilcher.
, 48,9 S
59,680
55,056
4,624 '
The Commonwealth says the Senate stands 26
Whigs, 12 Democrats, and the House 64 Whigs,
35 Democrats, 1 neutral Whig majority on joint
ballot, 42. r - - . ' i: ; ;- .,
From the Waynesburgh (Pa.) Messenger.
Mr. Hays: Mr. M'Kennan, in his speech at the'
coon meeting, told an anecdote of a coon lady
reiusing "io take a young democrat s arm, or
accept of his company. What inference is to he
drawn from the anecdote? , Docs Mr. M'Kennan
and his friends here advocate social distinction
and separation oh political grounds? Would the
carry political differences into - the circles of
domestic and social life into our trading, deal
ing, and mechanical business? If so, let it be
tried in Greene county and see who would be the
greatest sufferers. If report be true, there 'are
prominent whigs in town who would be willing
to see such a state of affairs -No democrat wishes
or sanctions such separation and estrangement in.
our social and pecuniary relations. No democrat'
has yet, we believe, acted on such odious princi
ples. , But let the coons try it if they will. .
",'-:.'. - i ,:,'.t ,....:A DEMOCRAT.,'
Why, Mr, "Democrat," that's nothine. If vou
bad, been with us at Wheeling on the 12th inst.
you might have seen a banner from one of the
river counties in Virginia, in the possession of
some young ladies, bearing ih i
Whig, or no husband.'". If that don't iro ahead
of you, w give it up. , v r i V, - -;. . '- ! r .
One word with you, flaw.,What about the
challenge? Will you give ta many democratic
votes oi as large a democratic majority in "little'
Greene," as we will in "old Monroe?"

xml | txt