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; I,.-,: :.,-. : .;:'. . . : ' ,. :.. . ' JJ - :" " " ' ." ' ' " . ;".;."'-''.'-'' ; ', ' ,,.. . ' ' ' ' '' ' ! V,; rBlHCIPLEI AMD MXAUBEI, AftD MEN THAT WILL CARRY THOSE PR1KCIPLEI AND MEASURE! INTO CfFECT, Br James It. Mokro. i 1 W OODSFIKLD. OHIO, JIUDAY, JANUAItY 17, 1845. VoLCSlB I. NtfMBEtt 4B. ;, THE SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY .,, I rUILISHCD KVBRY rIDAV MOBBING, : by j. ii. morris. ,; ; .t'rjn !, :,.,. . . i . TERMS: 81,50 per innum in advance; $2,00 '' if paid wilhin sis months; $2,50 if paid within the ' year, and 03,00 if payment be delayed until after )-the expiration of they ear. ..;:, (0' No paper will be discontinued, except at the " ' ption of the editor, until all arrears are paid. . (0 All communications sent by mail must be '-'post-paid. ' ' .i Advertisements inserted at the usual rates. .'! ;.i ; - '' From the Boston Times. ,ui.THE SWORD OF JACKSON. ,-..! . ;-. :. v . -itr.JL dorivage. -: i ' . (Air: The Star Spangled Banner 1 '" ,. ' I. - :- ;' ,- It iiw not the light in conquerer's hand; ' It waved o'er no field by invasion made gory; t But, drawn by the hero to guard his loved land, u .-. Its bltze shall illume the pae of history: " I . Id lightnings were given i .-. : . !-..:.. By bountiful heaven, 1 To ward off the bolt that our flag would have u . riven: Then bleated be the a word ol the hero so brave, .. Who bared it in battle our banner to save. ' II. . Let no speck oi rust its fair surface corrode; Let ft gleam as when foes shrunk in terror be fore it . As when on the armorer's anvil it glowed; . , it bright as the soul of the hero that bore it, When the cannon's dread peal, . And the crashing of steel Made hirelings the fury of treemen to feel; . And blessed be the sword of the hero so brave, . Who bared it in bottle our country to save. Ill . When peace was restored to the land that he laved . The hero returned to the citizen's station. - Till freemen their love and their gratitude proved, , , And called him to rule o'er flourishing nation. Then peacefully sheathed, ; v . ii ' In green laurels wreathed,' . Slept the sword that sprang forth when the war ; ... trumpet breathed; . And blessed was thetword of the hero so brave,' Who bared in battle his country to save. -.. ...o IV. No more shall our summons awaken the sage .Within his loved Hermitage calmly reposinj, Where peice and religion their mild lustrous rays . Impart to life's evening so tranquilly closing. ..' ! He is passing away !' ; f; : ; To the regions of day, 1 ' . .; Where the just bathe in brightness forever and ) :i . ayes . ' r And the sword that was drawn his loved country to save, Shall guard the repose of the faithful and brave. The sword worn by Gen. Jackson at New Or leans, a beautiful sabre, has been recently present ed by him to his old companion in arm, General Armstrong. . : AN ADVENTURE IN THE LAST WAR." One day during the l4t war, opposite to Ports mouth harbor and about three miles from the shore, lay a black frigate at anchor, and the continual motion on its decks as seen with the aid ot a glass from land, betokened that some event of unusual interest was soon to occur. Although it showed no colors, it required au eye of but little experience in naval matters to decide tha' it was English. What cnuld.be its object was a mystery. Its wooden, walls effectually concealed from many who watched it anxiously from the shore, and h hen during the day it was juined by another vessel of the fame class, and a heavy man-of-war, not a little excitement was created among those who lived pear the water. Towards Portsmouth the enemy had often cat longing glances. . It was the key to New Hamp. shire and the western part of Maine, and possess. Ing pne of the finest harbors in the world, where a navy, without losing a spar, might ride out a tem pest, it held in their eyes a place of no mean im portance. . , But the iron teeth that grinned on the forts at the mouth of the Piscalaqu had hitherto been an effectual check upon theit courage. Besides, sev eral thousand well trained soldier had been col lected there, in anticipation of an attack, and whole companies of volunteers were daily arriving from the northern parts of the State, and even from the Green Mountains, panting with a desire for the conflict Portsmouth was under martial law. Its rope walks, school houses and churches' were crowded with the bone and muscle of New Eng land, all determined to defend the place to the last extremity. The shore was walked for miles, night and day, by corps of sentinels, and every precau tion taken to guard against surprise. .. p.:-( . : , A notice of the approach of the war ships soon reachedthe town. , The tall flag staff that had been placed near the mouth of the river, and was watched from the steeples, was seen to have been inclined towards the sea, which was the signal of danger agreed upon.. And when the sun went down not knowing how eminent it might be, the excitement that filled the place was tremendous. Tbere was owning in hot haste,' and coursers slashed through the streets like the winds.. Every cart and carriage wae busy io removing the women and valuables to station ofeecurity, and the sol diers burnished their arms and renewed the chaiges in their pieces, and were ready at tap of the drum or the blast of the bugle, to spring to their defeuce. Th night gathered dark and chilly. . The heaven- looked watery and filled with clouds of mist A doubl watch wae set upon the outposts, and the oldiers lay down to dream of their home or battling for iu safety. . ,-;. !...;: . ' No sooner bad the darkness settled the tea than boats just observable through the twilight, were seen passing between the enemy ' vessels, and ev ideutly bearing order from one to the ether matur. Jrif their plan. Through tb opened port-bole , light could be seen flying in all directions, and theie were none who saw these movements who did not feel the fate of Portsmouth would te de cided before morning. All along the coast and on every eminence commanding a view of the vessels were collected little companies of speculative watchers. On a little hillock, a few rods from the shore, on the east side of the river, were gathered ten or twelve men, noting every motion that was visible, and listening to every sound that came from the water. ; ' ' ' "Is it not possible (0 know what i the object of those water coffins. '"said an old gentleman, while he strained his eyes as the darkness grew deeper. ' 'It might be done,' said a young man whose face had been bronzed by a familiarity with all weathers, "ills nearly dark enough. Come, Bill, what say you? there won't be so much light as comes from a cat's eye in an hour; shall we take a boat there and slip alongside?" Bill, a a stout fellow of thirty was called, could not permit that a man younger than himself, should propose a deed he would shrink from executing, and immediately signified his willingness to join iu the almost reckless en terprise, i The night was cloudy, the darkness had settled thick and heavy, the wavea looked like a black, un dulated pall, and as though to increase the awful ness of their condition the British had extinguished their lights, soon after the adventu'ea had launched their boat, and not an object could be tiaced in the almost palpable blackness, the boat's length dis tance. : They rowed in silence for some time, and had gone two thirdd of the distance befote either spoke;'-Are you sure this is the right course, Ned.'" at lenth said Bill, as they rested on their oars. 'Husli, speak lower. ' No, I am not certain, but we cannot be far from them. If but one star would look out it would be brtter than this eternal gloom. I cannot even see the light on shore, through this fog. What a murky night we are out in! Gloomy as a graveyard." "Hang the British, I had rather meet a legion of them by daylight," whispered Bill, moodily. "But lurk! there they lay, dead ahead, and getting ready to make a port too," he continu ed, as lie heard the low gratings of a cable, as it wan slowly and cautiously drawn up. . Lightly as the swallow's wing the oars dipped into the brine, silently as the fin of a shark, the boat cut the water, and directed by the sound, ere the anchor swung at the bow, they glided unseen under the very stem of the largs vessel. Here they held fast forsvveral minutes, in breathless an xiety to catch some word which should reveal the desired secret. But the humming of voices out of which nothing distinct could be gathered, was min. gled with the winds, sighing through the ri gging, and the dashing of the waves against the huge fabric. ' '..4. '.i their patience nearly worn out, Ned at length whispered, "Bill if you can keep your hold, I will go aboard and get full report of these vil lians business." The latter was about to reply when they heard hurried motions on the deck, a large boat was let down, and a dozen' men, all of whom, by the faint light of a lantern, they discov ered to be armed, pushed off towards the shore that lie south of the Piscataqua. Scarcely had they gone, when Ned, with the assistance of a rnpe that dragged into the water, climbed to the deck. The watch was grouped beside aguncariiage.nnd Ned, as confidently as though he had been one of the crew walked by, and reaching the hatchway, de scended the lower deck. Here he found himself among several hundred men, a part of whom were in their hammocks, but others, although it was as dark as dungeon, appeared to be arranging their clothes and preparing for soma desperate enter prise.' - Almost lost in contusion, he stood motionless at the bottom of the steps, but he had been there but a moment, when hearing soma one approaching, he stepped aside hastily, and not knowing where he might be, held out his hands to grope the way. As chance would have it, he went directly towards the head of a sailor who was trying In catch an hour's slnep before his night's work should com mence. Ned quickening his pace as the step came nearer, suddenly plunged hi fingers into the lock of the sleeper, and with audi force that his head received no inconsiderable, wrench. The old tar leaped to his feet in a twinkling, and Ned darted offlika a chicken chased by a hawk, leaving the angry sailor daring the whole ship' company to try to take his scalp off.- ' He soon learned that it was the intention to make an attempt to effect an entrance of the har bor that night, and the boat he had seen leave the ship, was gone to examine the chains which had beeu thrown hcross the main channel, and if possi ble, saw them. This was all he could learn. It was enough, and he felt there was urgent necessi ty of giving instant warning of th danger. But when he reached the hatchway, he found the pas sage entirety closed by two old veterans, half intox icated, who had settled themselves to have a quiet time at lauding Old England and cuisiug the Yan kee. Ned stood by. entirely invisible, but neces sarily hearing every word. ' It was nearly an hour that he stood wailing for theui to rise, and listening to their outbreaks of passion concerning the Americans.- :... , "Their men are no bolder than our women, and their guns are no better than tin horns," said one, gruffly. "No, Jack," said the other, "and do you know that once on a time, about twenty of our gala on the coast of Cornwall, dressed, like sailors, put off in a gun boat, and took a Yankee seventy-four with no other arms than old swords?" ' Ned, boil ing with I age could not hear such slander, and re gardless of the consequence roared out, "That's d d lie, you old dog." Both sailor shook a though the magazine had' exploded, plunged to ward him, and awakened to a sense of his situation by his own, voice, Ned sprang out of their reach. and as soon a the uproar bt J in sore degree sub- sided made hi way ou deck but here an unexper t- eu event occurred. I be boat which had left just before became on board had just returned, and the crew when N stepped, on deck, were in ibeejet of lifting up prisoner. Determined, if posslble( to j know who he might be, he elbowed his way with j admirable coolness and succeeded iii taking the arm of the prisoner. W bile notice of their success was passed below, Ned found an opportunity to whis per a word of encouragement in the poor fellow's ear, and when the order was giveu that he should be conducted to the cabin, Ned stole aft and drop ped into the boat. The prisoner found the cabin furnished in an ele gant and even sumptuous style. Sofas, book cases, and table of tbe costliest wood, rested on a carpet that trod like velvet. Mirrors of enormous dimen sions, reflected the occupants at full length, on every side. A lamp hung above a rack that looked .'ike a dazzling pyramid, so rich were the polished in his element iu the pistol gallery; and, to crown sword blades and jewelled hilts, the silver scabliaids all, he had not made an unsuccessful debut as a the varnished pistols, the steel sabres and the guns, ' speaker in the courts of Westminster. Jack tiuly touched with the highest finish that skill could ought to have been happy from a thousand reasons: give them. Flower vases, filled with beautiful ex- he was a favorite with his acquaintances and pro otics were fastened to a stand, diffusing an agreea- fessioual brethren; by the fair sex his witty con hie odor through the cabin An old man with snow j venation and handsome and gentlema ly person while hair and thoughtful brow, sat in m antique ' and demeanor were duly appreciated; in short he chair of carved oak, and fashioned ajter such a lux- was universally liked. Papas and mamas opened urious pattern that one might have lounged his life ! their doors to him, (for he had a nice little fortune out lii it, and never grew weary. " A girl, the ' at his command;) daughters and son were glad daughter ol tbe old man, with such a sweet coun tenance as can belong only to a pure mind, and with lips as tempting as her own rose buds, was reading wheu he entered. The prisoner was brought before the hard-featured veteran, a.. d the officers arranged themselves about, at respectful distances. "Young man," said the old commander, with a severe frown and penetrating look, "remember it is the truth of what you shall say, on which your life depends; any attempt at deception, iu my pres ence, will cause you to be hung immediately at the yard-arm. Who are you?" "A soldier of the American army." "And what duty were you perfomiug on shore?" "That of sentinel to watch for the approach of tlie murdering British." "Bridle your insolence, young man; you did not perform your duty so well that you can boas) of your occupation." "Ask your servant which was the hardest, his head or my gun-stock. I could not dissolve the night, hut I swept away the cobwebs that clouded before the stars before his eyes." "Sir," said the veteran, iu a voice hoarse with anger, which he strove to conceal, ."what is the ' force assembled this night in P jrt-moutli? Recol I lect that I shall know - before morning, and if you deceive ine you sh:dl die at day break." "This morning it was proclaimed that it number ed thirty thousand, and they have five hundred can non i'i town, ready to blow your old hulks out of the water, like cockleshells, if you are so fortunate as to float, alter the forts have the sifting of you " The old commander clenched his fist, his face grew white ss his cravat, and he would have order ed the fearless soldier to instant punishment fot his bold reply, had not his daughter, who had stolen to his side, pressed his arm and breaking into tears, whispered mercy. An angel's tears will melt iron or at all events, an iron soul, and his countenance lost its sternness as be gently put her asnfe, and directed that the soldier should be secured and guarded ou the deck for the night. As he left the cabin, the girl unseen by her fath er, threw her arms about the soldier's shoulders, and he, touched by such unlnoked for kindness, murmured a'fervent Messing on her young heart. " The night grew darker ns the minutes glided by. The mUt was so dense that it was impossible to dis tinguish even the outline of an object six feet dis tant; and it seemed that the clouds rested on the waves and enveloped the ship. - The handi and feet of the prisoner were then ironed, and he wa lashed by a rope to a guncar riage. The watch that was set over him walked the length o! the dock, momentarily passing and repassing, thus rendering escape by his united efforts impossible. Ned having again climbed on board, had observed them fasten the prisoner, and waited a fit time to sp'ing and rescue him; and it was when the sentinel passed him to go to the bo wi that he glided to the prisoner with a thrust with a knife he severed the cords that hound him to the gun, and lifting him in his arms as though he were an infant, hastened to the stem and swung into the boat. As for life they played their oars, but they had scarcely left the ship, when they heard the alarm given upon the decks. . Calls lor lights and shouts that the prisoner had escaped, followed. Lanterns flew through Hie ship, and all was con fusion. The bold fellows iii the boat saw all, and felt in that deep darkness, that it w as impossible for the British to overtake them, and although within a pistol shot they were unable to restrain their joy, but with that fearlessness that characterizes Amer- ican soldiers, rested on their oar and gave three hearty cheer.' Scarcely had the last hurrah left their lips, thai) a stream of fire shot out fiom the ship, and the deep boom of the cannon awakened them to their folly. Though fired at random, they heard the ball whistle by, very near them The boatswain's shrill call to quarters rose on the night,' and the sailors expecting an attack every moment, rushed to defend the decks. Our heroes reached the shore safely, and the sen tinel released of his shackles, was ready to resume his arms and his duty. The night passed heavily and in suspense, and the sun rose from its bed look ing cold as an icicle. " The sea was blue but calm, and every ship was gone, and not a speck dotted it from the shore to the horizon. The British had given over all attempts on Portsmouth, but wheth er restrained by the crafty story of the Sentinel, or the valiant cheering ot tbe men in the boat, will perhaps ever be a point in dispute. i Uirsoo.fD Arrr.xs -Four children in a sin. gle family, in Ohio, died with malignant scarlet j against the breast of a man in the place of a wood fever, brought on mainly by their eating freely of eu partition." rotten or unsound apples, which were buried and dug up for winter consumption. ' Three of the cases were attacked by vomiting the apples. PennsyU 0is4H From Hood's Magazine HOW JACK MARLAND SOLVED A VERY STIFF PROBLEM. Jack Marland waa a happy fellow at least any one who aaw him seated in his comfortable chamber In the temple, in a vast easy chair, and enveleped with clouds of slnoke proceeding from his favorite meerschaum, as the bell of St. Paul's rang ten, would have said so. Jack was a clever fellow too. He sang well, he danced well, the patridges on the first of September knew him well; the Cheshire hounds were not unacquainted with him; the Ibis and the Thames were intimate with him; (for Jack pulled a good oar;) had a dab at fencing, a fair single slick player, was when he entered the doors so thrown open, for not a dull moment w as suffered to exist from the time Jack came to the time he took his departure. "And teas Jack hdppy?" methinks I bear a fair reader inquire. Jack was not happy, or rather, he thought he was not happy. Jack had got it into his silly head that, in spite of his accomplish ments, his cleverness, and his handsome face and figure, he. Jack, was a coward; and that, if ever bis courage should be put to the proof, he should be lamentably wanting. This was Jack's "ombre uoir;" this was the thought which embittered Jack's existence; and, at the time we introduced Jack to our readers, be was in his aforesaid easy chair, and under the i.illueoce of his aforesaid pipe, assisted by a cup of strong Mocha, turning over in his mind the different methods by which he thought it likely that he might be able to solve the knotty question, "Am I or am I not a coward?" Jack thought and thought, and smoked and smoked, till he was half asleep, without coming to any correct or satisfactory conclusion; the idea had taken strong possession of his mind and tor mented him strangely; he, however, determined, as indeed he had fifty times before determined, to seize the first opportunity which might present itself of placing himself in the way of grappling with some imminent danger We shall iu less than ten minutes see that Hhe wished fur opportu nity presented itself in rather a curious manner. The long vacation arrived; that lime so wished for, so looked forward to, by all the legal profes sion; that time during which, &c. Jack, like many other denizens of the Temple, packed up his traps, sent his clerk fur a cab, stuck a card outside his door with ihc inscription, "He turn before the 20th of October," "shipped him self all aboard of a ship," then of a diligence and iu due course of time found himself in Paris. One day was sufficient to enable him to find a good suit of rooms; and now behold Jack fully launched iu all the guety, not to say dissipation of the metropolis of the French. Jack, we have before said, was a very gond shot with the pistol, yet he had never bjen guilty of that height of folly, a duel, a...l indeed had often beeu heard to say he never r.'uuld. He, however, frequented many of the pii,'..il practicing galleries which abounded in Paris: and among others he had honored with his presence the tir au pistolet of M Lepage, where, of course, he very soon became known as "Co monsieur Anglais, qui tire aussi bieu qu'uu Fiau cais." . One day Jack, on going to the gallery of M. Lepage with one of his friends, found it occupied by a young man; well' known us one of the best shots in Paris; and most assuredly he was a good shot. He performed all the feats which tradition assigns to the Chevalier St. George; he each time hit the bull's eye of the target at the usual distance, snuffed a candle with the ball, split a bullet against the edge of a knife, and drove a nail into the wall by striking the head exactly in the centre with his ball; and in short, by a thousand feats of this na ture proved himself worthy the name of a first rate shot His amour propre was aioused by the presence of Jack whom the attendant in presenting the pistol, had quietly said was almost as good a shot as himself; but at each shot, instesd of receiv ing from Jack the tribute of praise which be de served, he heard Jack, in reply to the exclamations of astonishment that proceeded from all in the , gallery say, "No doubt that is a very go d .hot; ' but the result would be very different, I've a notion, if be had a live man for his target." This j incessant calling in question ol his powers as a j duelist, (for Jack had' repeated his observation three times.) at first astonished th-j "tireur," and ended by annoying him; and at length, turning round to Jack, and looking at him with an air of hdf jesting half threatening he said, "Forgive nie, Mr, Englishman, but it appears to me that thiee times you have made an observation desparagiug to my courage; will you be kind enough to give me some explanation of the -meaning of your words?" ".My words," answered our friend, "do not, I think, "require any explanation; they are plain enough iu my opinion'" "Perhaps, then, sir, you will be good enough to repeat them; in order that I may judge of the mean ing which they will bear, and the object with which they have been spoken," was tha reply of the Frenchman. ' - "I said," answered Jack with the most perfect sang froid, "when I saw you hit the bull' eye at each shot, that neither your hand nor your eye would be so steady if your pistol were pointed "And why, may I ask?" "Because," answered Jack, "it seems to me that at the moment of pulling the trigger and faring . r r o - --"f at a man, the mind would be seized of a kind of emotion likely to unsteady the band, and conse quently Jhe aim." "You have fought many duels?" asked the Frenchman. ' "Not one," said Jack. - , , 'Ah!" rejoined the other wiih a slight sneer, "then I am not surprised that you suppose the possibility of a man's being afraid under such cir cumstances." "Forgive me," said Jack, "you inisunderstuid me. I fancy that at the moment w hen one man is about to kill another, he may tremble with some other emotion than that of fear." "Sir, I never tremble," said the shot. "Possibly," replied Jack, with the same compo sure; "still I am not at all convinced that, at twen ty five paces, that is, the distance at which you bit tbe bull's eye each time" "Well! at twenty live paces!" interrupted the other.. ;..'.'.. "You would miss your man," was the cool re ply- .. . "Sir, I assure you I should not," answered the Frenchman. "Forgive me if I doubt your word," said Jack. 'Yi.u mean, then, to gne the lie?" "I merely assert the fact, replied our friend " "A fact, however, which I thi.ik you would scarcely like to establish," said the tireur. "Why not?" said Jack, looking steadily at his antagonist. "By proxy, perhaps?" "By proxy, or in my own person, I care not which," said Jack. "I warn you, you would be somewha' rash. 'Not at all," said Jack, for I merely say what I think, and consequently my conviction is, that I should risk but little." i 'Let us understand each other, ''said the French- mau; "yon repeat to me a second time that ut twenty five paces I should miss my man." "You are mistaken, monsieur," said Jack; "it appears to me that this is the fifth time that 1 have said it." "Parblcu!" said the Frenchman, now thorough ly exasperated; "ttliis is too much, you want to insult me." "Think as you like, monsieur," said Jack. "Good!' said the other; "your hour, sir?" '' "Why not now?" said Jack. "The place ?" said the other. "We are but five steps from the Bois de Bou logne," replied Jack. . "Your arms, sir!" " "The pitol, of course," was Jack's answer; "we are not about to fight a duel, "but to decide a point upon which we are at Usue." The two young men entered the cabriolets, each accompanied by a friend, and drove toward the Bois de Boulogne. Arrived at the appointed place, (he seconds wished to arrange the matur. This, however, was very ditlicult; Jack's adversa ry required an apology, whilst Jack maintain jd that he owed him none, unless he himself was either killed or wounded; for unless this happened he (Jack) would not have been proved wrong. The seconds spent a quarter of an hour in the attempt to tfT.vt a reconciliation, but iu vain They then wi hed to place the antagonists at thir ty paces from each other; to this Jack would rot consent, observing that the point in question couM not be correctly decided if any difference were made between the distance now to be fixed and the distance at which his antagonist had hit the bull's eye in the gallery. It was (hen proposed that a louis should be thrown up, in order to de cide who should shoot first; this Jack declared was totally unnecessary that the right to the first shot naturally belonged to his adversary; and al though the Frenchman was anxious that Jack should take advantage of this one chance, he was firm and carried his point. The "garcon" of the shooting gallery had followed, and was ready to charge the pistols, which he did with the same measure, the same kind of powder and the same kind of balls as those used by the Frenchman in in the gallery a short time before. The pistols, too, were the same; this condition alone Jack had imposed a line qua non. The antagonists, plac ed at twenty live paces from each other, received each his psslol; and the seconds relired a few paces in order to leave the combatants free to fire on one another, according to the stipulated ar rangement Jack took none of the precautions usual with duelists; he attempted not to shield any part of his body by position or olherwi e, but a lowed his arms to hang down by his side and presented his fall front to the enemy, who scarcely knew what to make of this extraordinary conduct. He had fought several duels but it had never been his lot to see such tangjruiil in any one of his antago nists; he felt as if bewildered; and Jack's theory recurring to his mind, tended but little to reassuie him; in short, this celebtated shot, who never missed neither his man nor the bull's eye of the target began to doubt his own powers. Twice he raised his pistol, and twice he lowered it again This was, of course contrary to the laws of duel ing; but each lime Jack contented himself with saying, "Take time, monsieur! Take lime!" A third time he raised bis arm, and feeling ashamed himself, fired. It was a moment of most painful anxiety to the seconds; but they were soon reliev ed; for Jack, the instant after the pistol had been fired turned to the right and to the left, and (made a low bow to the two friends, to show that he was not wounded, and then said coolly to his autago. nist: "You see sir, I was right!". "You were," answered the Frenchman; "and now tire in your turn." "Not I," iwid Jack picking up his hat and hand ing his pistol to the garcon; "what good woujd it do me to shoot at you?" . "But, sir." said his adversary, "you have the right, and I cannot permit it to be otherwise; be sides I am anxious to see how you shoot." . "Let us understand each other," said Jack. "I never said (hat I would hit you; I said that you would not liit tn; yon have not hit m; I ra right; and now there is an end to th matter." And, iu spite of all the remonstrance and entreat ies of tbe Frenchman, Jack mounted his cab and drove off, repeating to his friend, "I told you there was a mighty difference-between firing at a doll and firing at a man " Jack's mind was eased , he had solved his problem, and found he was not a coward. . - From the N. O. Picayune.. AMERICAN EDUCATION. ,, It U satisfactory to observe that there is a giow ing feeling throughout tbe laud in favor of educat ing the rising generation iu the principles of a re publican creed or, more properly speaking, of giving our youth American educations, In contra distinction to E-iropcan ones. The task pf break ngthe thraldom of foreign literature has proved more difficult than that of severing the chains of political bo;idig3. The prowess' and courage of our forefathers redeemed the United States from the servitude of colon! s, but the i.ifljeuce of English belles lettres have survived, too long, the struggle that terminated English political supre macy ou this continent. Our schools pariicul irly out colleges have contributed in a great measure to imbue the American mind with notions incom patible with republican life. The best English writers those whose works take the rank of Brit ish classics executed their compositions under the blazonry ol a court, and the spirit of an estab lished aristocracy breathes through the best of them. Not only is the influence of foreign literature felt in the tone it impresses upon American throught hut it has, in a fearful manner, superseded the ac quisition of a knowledge of our own country its laws, geography, civil polity, and past history. . It has been a common occurrence to see young men leaving our universities thoroughly educated in 'the history of Greece and Rome their rise, progress, and fall and sufficiently acquainted with the institutions, social, civil, and religious, of Grat Biitaiu, and yet woiully deficient iu a knowledge of their own country. The exploits of Cxsar, and the virtues of AlfreJ, occupy their thoughts tothe exclusion of those bright examples of fortitude and patriotism which the annals ef the .revolution fur nish. Though a knowledge of the ancient ropub- lies, and a familiarity with the history of continent al and insular Europe, arc accomplishment) that become the scholar, statesman or nu i of the w rl 1; still, ne contend that these should be held subor dinate to a thorough acquiatilance with tha funda mental doctrines of American liberty, and theiir cumstauccs and men who achieved it. i The great error iu this fystem of education con sists in crowding the memory, when it is fresh and apt, wi h legends and clioni.les of n .lions whose in-tiiut on s are dissimilar or h stile to those of our own country. The miud is preoccupied with for eign lore before it is brought in contact wi.b Amer ican history. It frequently happens, t o, that our young men, soon after leaving schwl. enter upon busiuesspursuitsth.it extinguish within them all literary ambition. Such persons go to their grave's w ithout becoming familiar with events that should cliim the first place iu their memories. Their learning is all foreign to the duties of citizenship; and instead of deriving comfort and pleasure from literary rcminis.ei.es, they are often annoyed and fretted because the energies of a free people trans cends the straightened conduct prescribed for the minions of a royal retinue. They cannot, many of them, distinguish betw een manners formed upon the principle of equal rights and rudeness. They have read so much of the knightly courtesy of the presence chamber, that the sleek and soft demean orofa royal smile is more becoming in theireyes than the manly deportment of a people who should be taught, from infancy, that there are no distinc tions in society worthy of respect other than those that spring out of superior merit and noble actions. It is a fatal mistake to commence the education of our youth by teaching from foreign history.' The period when the mind is malleable and tenacious of impressions should be improved to stamp upon it a purely American chaiacter. Tho opposite sys tem estrange the heart from American institutions by directing the admiration towards the achieve ments of other limes and other people than our own. When our young men, for the most part, begin to read American history, the- claims of Washington, and Hancock, and Adam?, upon their veneration and regard, have to struggle for admission into bosoms already stuffed with foreign idols. Instead of grafting the accomplishments of learning upon an American root, republicanism I treated as an exotic amid foreign plants pressed into the luxuriance of an indigenous growth. Our systems of education, on this account have given anti-republican principle the advantage by allowing them the first access to the unlormed mind. It is an augury of bptler (iinc that those who have the institution of American youth in charge are awakening tothe importance1 of so directing their studies, that they will grow up American men. The first object of the teacher should be to store the mind with such knowledge of the great men and great actions of our own country , as w ill take the heart captive; to impress upon the pupil some idea of the vast destinies that await this nation, and the influences that it w ill exert upon the happiness and freedom of the world; to imbue him with a noble anxiety to contribute to the renown and glory of his own country; and to awaken in him a sense of the deep and solemn obligation he incurs of trans mitting its liberties unimpaired to those that coma after him. When this is done, all the Grek and Latin, British classics, foreign histories, aud court circulars that were ever written will fail to corrupt his imagination, or extinguish his love of freedom, lie will lorm his tastes before consulting Westmin ister man-milliners, and express his opinions with out dreading the fiat of quarterly reviews. A good, wholesome, native literature, will be oue of the fruitsoflhit reformed system of education. Poem and romances commemorative of incidents oi Anier ican history, will supplant the thrice-sifted chaff of the London press. Foreigners ho visit our shore will he treated, too, with a measure of K e.t meted out according to their claims to considera tion and hospitality. We would never more wit-, ness the humiliating spectacle of grown men, far aud in the fulluess of yeaff, bringing sham upon, themselves and their country, by prostrating them selves in adoration of every foreign fiddler, dancing woman, scribbler; or fuzzy-lipped adventurer who" m.iy chance to crrssth ore n in search of dime or dinner