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The spirit of democracy. [volume] (Woodsfield, Ohio) 1844-1994, March 07, 1845, Image 1

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0O- All communication aent by mail rous J
KMt-vaid. it .wi;i:!. i
Tumi -to a id.
: A - .u-...nl In it tkat MMIbJ tat AM.
o.tiWa rt. ooWim.'' :
":' J The restless wiwl are moanin; atill, ':';.
- '-They heed no joy, they heed no '"V j,iT
'W' Bat fitfully they speed alone; , " .
t;..'; And ling their wild nod rooatnful song. .
, -C 3 That nought i fair beneath the slues, ' ' ' ,
'''"), . That every earthly-thing h) dark, , .- ;,,. ,, :
: As wave that heave the ahattered bark, .,, ,
'';' -,f- Tht Meads' are false; that joy are flown '
..- -. That ww are wanderer lost and lone. ; . j .
?'P feut Kftthe latch abd gale abroad',
Oil: Thy. aplritehal) be cheered, ithmjfrh awed? ''
' ' t'np hiark fthnv. tn Ihnilftflfld Art).. .
-fiJV. Emit their1 (rlimmerlnt; radiance1 far, ' '''
. .1 And heaven' high fault, the sool absorb ,
And long to float o'er, every War. . ',
tr.A E'en the dark earth that eenMo vaia''-'
Present full many a vale ot rreen.,.((f,,,;
T J H Where priceless fod of golden urala '
von m Jntiine the harveater may, glean. ; to
. ' And he who roam the arid strand .'.,
d'i iBeholtUfnir shell upon the antr.'l ' '
, Though .Vf abrood the earth conceal,,
f'' 'Shakjft I stamped by beauty's seal.
I've glided o'er the path olsnow,,t, ;-t ' .
.When whUthng winda aroond u blew,
n(' 'And what the aluvering wanderer kne'w
.. Our heart were all looglad ta know: :
' The pverarching bon,h of oak . ( .'
i'r.'iV". W ilh'iey pearl were (sarnihed o'elr;!"
, j And frozen diamond brightly broke i .' ; '
li'.iJ t The shadow which the pine tree wore.'
j()'!i.Th willow branches drooping low i' i''
Prom tree and turf and tone the glow
.. Ot counties scintillation streamed.
And o'er thi Ken of (rot born pride
r; 1 'jThe foil inonsi rolled resplendent on,"1''
Hieh over.hill and spire and tide, . ,( ;
' foni lovely than, the morning's dawn.
; Ana lustrous eyesmor orignay giancca,
And dancing heart more gaily danced,
: And smile and aonsi and laughter came ' -t
j Finm Inrraa a fair. oa'thmM Which rov
Through' wild Circaaaia's land of fame
Or Araby' enchanted grove., .
' Ant there waa one lvhoe placid eye
Revealed the heaven that dwelt. within;
.y The" pure calm ray that hum on high,
t: t And sometime Jight a world of in. "'
-t Though some in pathless shade shall grape,
To him whose eye.shall rest on thee, , .
fu; A fairy; at'ene of light and hope ' ' ' ' ' '
.j The darkest hour of atorm shall be. ; : '
'Then, though the winter blasts may come . .
-' ri And howl around the peaceful home, '
Jri"-.yeteek'eaoh frrand pleasant thing :
v pntil the fleeting hour shall. bfHig ; ;. f
The light, the lovejthe hldorn of pring.i( t
And tnongh the world i wintiy' cold, '
( .JT iYet Cast the mind in pteaiuae' mould, ' v
v ,Aod brighten every drooping eye, " v '
And let the heart beatligh and high , v
""'Until thii'world Illusory '. " '
it: v , So long by wandering footstep trod
, Shall vanish, in eternity,. ,.r-1 - ' l -i .
,' ',, And in the genial smile of God. , ., ; .
From the NeWlonlh(y Magazine." .'
.)i-Ve were somewhere cflf Cape d'A
gu!bn,on our homeward vtivnge from
the Maurilius, figliling hnrd against a
-henrLvind,' which, though not quite a
iralei'was'verv.nrovokiriir. ; fhere wn's
a nasty short cross ea top, and not the
jnile-long rolling swell you usually meet
with, in that quarter of the - world,' far
4he wind ' had suddenly 'changed. - It
was bitterly .coldynnd the was no
lack oLrain, nor of sleet either; nrvi as
.vou; walked Ihe deck you wotlid oco.n
sionally, omonjr the softj cold, squashy
slipperines?, feel it big hail stone crunch
under your Bnoe' by way of variety.
'JNow as f was never very partial to the
above sort of circumstances, 1 was mak
inC myself as comfortable as 1 could be
,low, with a glass of cold grog and some'
ld sheets ol the tie Irs Lite iri tiondon
-clinical i lies,", when one of the -boys
Dcrambline down ; the ladder,- shoved
cpen the sliding door of the cabin, there-
L - .1 . ,.m. nn A At. lk.il' mdll.
Oy UUIIIllUllJJ U UDi ui wu.u an uiui umuc
a9sluver.''' '-" & -VJ- "ky-ri
y VViell; what do you wantr said I.
'".ll VDU Dleaae; sir, the cnptain'seom-
aliments, would you come upon deck
4ber)s a -fiinooymoo.wA.'m ' ji
."i 0n, is there t the Flying Dutchman
I shouldn t wonder we am just abwut
his cruising ground now:1' and hastily
futtingon somebody's pea jacket, and
somebodv else's hard-a-weather' hiiU-l
clambered wn deck an J looked around
me,!i Everything was dark and cold,
thoucb it. had ceased to rain and tbe
quarter deck and gangways hail been'
swept.-, J he sky seemed one.mass oi
footy black clouds, and you could not
ell, from an) indications of your eyes,
whether it, was , vnulleu, or nat a the
ceiling of your room all was blackness,
8papeessness ana ooscumy. i.'..-.;t
8l,Tbft ?ea had a sprt..f dull, gravish
appearance, : from, the mixture over iis
surface of white foam and pitchy ; wa
ter; there was nothing bright or phost
phorcent about it; it was cold,dreary,
ana aispipung, ana me , neuvny iaaen
little briz plunged, itud seemed lo shake
her shoulders, nod plunge again, as nf
she bad no particular rejish for-it. her
self while; at every. shrug a; shower of
spray was .thrown alt, Jailing; in big
splashy irops .upon the - dsck, sAs 1 1
was tbus. appreciating the full comfort,
lessness of the scene, the snrue boy ad
dressed me, telling me th'e captain .was
forward on t,he, .weatlier side of the, fore
castle,: I immediately began lo clapper
ca,w ;my ,way forward, holding ou now
by one thing, pow by.another, for, Bhe
pjtched.so violently, that J was oiomen
tariljexpecting to.bf clutched -.cleoni
r s
tfvefboariJJ At lingth JrsbrottghlWp'i
alongside ;the skipper, whp, standing on
a hencoop, ant jyjlrlin.Qri jhe wea
lhernroixji,wfl8 peering anxiously out
to htd waTdit "i 5t t.V. , i Twft ir.'i
"ybu'hgaF rtal-di(fy5u Riearfinyi
thtngf said he suddenly turning 'lo me.
m "Nothing" jsaid I,;but tjie nioiining
otthp,. wind in the riggingj.and :jthe pile
dnvihg thumps of her bows.'' . ,. ,,
Ah! hush not a Word fisten--there
it is again." '"""V . ., ..
'"Wherersaiil''- 1
-Right ohI in'! the direction' .6f my
hand there'--don't you hear tbatf?; ( j
1 Bj" heavens, I h'ear, a ypice!, there
, Here, there, was n lull, and we dis
tinctly heard it. ' h'wasa long, mourn
ful cryflnd hnd in its snlnd something
.inexpressibly harrowing. It' seemed
the voice of a strong man, exhausted in
mind and body, wenkened to a.woman
ish staterbf feeling by hunger, exposure,
misery and despair;' callingfor help
without hope to find it."; II was actual
ly fnusiciiV and had An. its pro! onged
melancholy cadence, sornething".. so, a
cutply toHching, as to make trie, expe
rience a feeling precisely similar to that
1 used to have in" iny childhood, just
when at the puint of falling away into
A -nt of crying.; i-We all stood eniranr
ed and mo.ionleRs,listening lill its dying
fall was lost in the rush of the w ind and
dash of the wa'veJ " V ' .
r' '"The- Jlord I 'ok to-' that 'pt.br soul,
any bbwlsaHl a hoarse vole behind
me, lut in a tone of much felingi - J
turned, and aw it was, one of the crew,
who w-ei,e clustered, some forward at
the h'eel'bf the boVsprit, and the others
fariber aft round-the hcad of the'Jo'ng
boiit; evtry body was on deck, iind all
heard the cry, and were making whis
jering remarks, which, being, .to. the
wind ward, 1 could not distinctly hear.
' Asam the wind lulled,' arid again the
Ion? mournful "liillb d--" swelled and
sunk upon our ears', s ':,? n 4
-:-wit is broad nbcam of us now, fsir,"
said the mate. ; ' ,
"Y.es, .said the master,, Mit must be
drifting dmvn with tlie current. Oan
any of jfou, seeriyJiingt' But no
n'anered. vi'Ilcresyou Tom Brad
ley, jump wt in the gangways and an
swer their. bail,, whoevct they are."
The young man, who had a remaj-ka'
blv loud arid clear voice, went aft,
"mounted iri the weather-mairi rigging,
and immediately- a trumpet-like ,khilln-
hoy" rong over the water. A minute,
and it was answered by the same mourn
lul cal)j hut this tiov I could s e;ir it,
was" articulate there were distinct
wordsj though J could hot make, them
nut moreover, the voice seemed more
distant, and was'well upon the quarter.
The master arid the mate were of the
same, opinion., ,, -ii;,:- t ...
,k'Cme on board, Bradley," said the
former. "Put her about, Mr. ; (to
the mate,) We are sure to fetch the pre
cise spotnexl tack;' and immediately
with the usual noise and bust1e,but with
more, than the usual smartness, round
wont the brig, and away upon the lar
board tacR. . . 1
" "Put'a look-out at each cathead, and
one at each gangway, Mr. At.
"Ay, ny, sir." , " ; : :,; .
For (view minutes we went on in si
lence: -T
. " think, we sliouU be near the spot
noWj sir." sajd. the.mate. , "bhall 1 hai
them?" '"?,':':' " ,
y MYe8,v 8aidthe master; and the mate
going '.to .feewiird,-hal!owed at the' top
ofliis' voic,ei,'j There was no answer.
By this time .the moon become nppareiit
struggling through y the fleecmess, .be-
tweeo two 01 trie great Cloud masses.
You 'could noV see her exact disc, but
the brightness between' the clouds nild
the liiiht shed opori the surface , of the
sea; little a it wus, gave indication; of
her. JBtention (Shortly io unveil her sell.
.j'Keep a bright look outfor'ard there,''
sung out the jnaster. '.:; " ' .'"',','
' Ay,,'BjrJ sir, nns were the rrjnn,riot
in the usual drawling1 way, but quickly
and sharply, as If anxiously on the a
lert. .v. .- .,'.,: ii!-,,:' p'.-.
"Gangways! Another similar re
ply 'Bail again, Mr,A-r---V)
. The"riiate hollowed ogain There
was no sound in answer. At that mo
ment themooa shone out bright and
clear.. 1, The edges of the ast rolling
clouds became, as if wei e si)verized,and
a broad now of light tell upon the sea
around us, rendering every thing with
in' the eye's range clear and distinct.' ,
fIJo voir see ahy.thmgv rnen--any'
boat Sor. craft, or any thing ir the wa.
, But the light was so bright and sud
den, that it was nearly a'minutc,during
which, eucn muu uuu searcneu wiin nisr
eyes nil the! space within he lioKzon.
before -they hnsweredl id a. tone' af dis-
pppointment : andj; Uperstitious fidread, j
...l.i.il ' .i ? j
'jir-Vi'i M
i '!ii
k'Nothing,'sir,' nothing, sir,"! one' 'after'
the'bther.'";"1 " '-: 'f" :f
"Bless my soul,' isn't 'that sttinge?
Do Voir see nny thing f (to me.) v' ;
,"Nothing," said I, -',
;"Here, Mr.'A- . go"aloft lot the
maintop, and send to or three of the
beople aliilt also:to look' out. ' I , 'ay,
Bradley, sing but, will ye'hail again."
Again the., seamen hollowe'd-iiwe
.waited, but there was nb' "answering
cry.'' ' The master was now much 'ex-
iitrt'"'" " i;- ' "f "'"'l
"Maintop; there."'" " ' '? ' f'
Yes, if.-";v " "' '"
"Do yoa feee any th'ingf': " "j,-; ;!
'"Noth ing, sir. but those two albatros
ses in our wake.'r ' ' " Z'')
"Foretop," again cried he." ' '
" "Ay.ayi'sir." .""-' '- '- 5-..
?C !i n y oti m a k e ou t a n y t h ing t" ' '
' Nothing"on the water, sir, but there
is something, m inur lee bow that looks
Very like the land." : ' ' . : " '
'' "Come down, Mr. ' A V come
down out of the tops, 'men, and Stand
bv to put her ih.iut again. The mas
ter's voide trembled, ai he. asked 'me,
"What do'vou think of that. Mr. D- ?
Strange things occur in these se'aV." '''
."Why, I am, puzzled enough," said I,
"the poor fellow wotild seem to have
sunk just after- the last hail."' '' '-
v "No; poor fellow iri the'cnse,; I leaf,"
said he, with a look of rouch mystery.
"This is not the first of ths sort of airy
tongues I've had to do vitlv. ' Just ' If t
us got her well round on th nt' er into,
and I'll C'me below and give you' tlii
yarn." ' '' ' '; ; '; ;: ' '';'.;'
" This was said as f was about to de
scend the companion; for the isppct of
the everting was not such as to keep a
man long on deck who had no business
there; but ere I had gotdown two steps
of the ladder 'all was dark again; ' the
bright moon h:id withdra wri herself be
hind a dark cloud. V. ! '"'' '
Shortly lifter, the master, alone with
the mate; Mr A ,(for it waS the set:
orid rnate's watch,) came into the abin,
and helping themselves 'to a glass of
grog arid a cheroot apiece, ' (for aS there
were no lady passengers, nrrf none of
us objected to the order, the master al
lowed smoking' below,) sat don with
faces of much seriousness. ' ' V .
' "As I wa's telling you,' Mr. D." con
tinued the master, "this is not my first
experience of these sort of noises. 1
rernernber many years ago, when I was
ri boy on libard of the frigate X tlialie.'i
in the river Plated we had a quarter
master on board, of the liaine of O'll in
lan; an 'ifishman.' ' ;l ' . ''''
;' "lie' wos a very good man so lung
as he was sober, only rather apt when
he had his beer to become obstrepprous,
insisting that by right of birth he was
legitirtiate kin Ur f way:or some oth
er district in Ireland'."1 lie was an odd
sort ofa' felldwi'you may believev and
used m these, fits to ask us to kiss his
band" a ft quest W' which yoiT'mnv
guess "bur replyarid -'s wear that his
family had been princes' ages hefore the
axori .and Nbrmatt barbarians overrun
his country, arid stuck upon the surface
of the so il.'the roots of their mushroom
noliintyJ.mofebveT, thht a spirit attend
erf his family, a malignant bans'hire, that
rejoiced in the'occ.urrence to them of
an v. calamity, liut when sooer lie was
a fW-rate sailor1, and the "officers knew
ii, ana rainer ovenooKeo tus nnmes.
Well,r there we werei widt a light wind
one tiiuht, croping our way dp the
mightyTiver.thff fends being kept going
regularly in tne cnains, anu iookouis
upon the nowsprtt anat tne loreyarn
arms. - It was a beautiful . evening, th i
watec quitjsmoothvnd the moon shin
ing without a cl U(l as Drigntiy as she
did for those. two or' three minutes u
little ago." - '' i -:t. - . v
1 "Well this Irish quarter-master was
one ot thm in the chains, and just as
he wafcswinsing the(lead forWHrdy 'the
lashing-, round t ie waist gnve way,and
overboard he" vVentrWilh1 the lead-line
in his hand, with a dead plunge, not un
like that of the lead itself, and without
a cry fr any indication of the accident.
But tlje master, who. with his font on a
gun-curringe.' had been looking over at
him, saw him disappear, and rushing
frantically ufi, cried to the captain and
first lieuteuant, .A man overboard
O'Hanlan's overboard.1 t
;,Lt go the life-buoy !' cried the enp
tain,in much xciteTnent,Hnd the sentry
lorthwith; pulling the trigge it plunged
into the' w-iter and1' fell away' .tstern;
with its reddish-blue light fiickeriug and
flaring upon the smooth' surface- of the
water Heave to fmrnedialelyhe ad-
dedj addressing tli first lieutenant Hind
lower the tusatsJ i-:'-" ' 5" -f ruv"s
"But O'Hanlan was never more seen
by.os after tlio first plunge': h 'tiever
rose to tie'-surface, one! though ever
eye that could,. was tcanhihg ths glassy
water, still no ope saw the lastdark
lv. I ' .'' .tjyift?- !(;!
tit ... to in j mi i' u
object to break the uniform bright leve-.
The cutter and jolly boat were lo wer
ed and manned; but where to bid them
bull was a question. " Just at that mo
ment we heard a loud cry, "simrlar in
every respect to that we heard to-night,
away bn our lee qtiaj-ter.;
'There is his Voice, cried ther'cap
tainnght on the lee tpiarterright in
the' moon's wakev'that's why, "you citi't
see him give way men," for God's sake;
stretch your limbsr'ti for life:' and a-
way shot both boats, each with the offi
cer standing up m the bows , looking
anxiously but. ; But'. whetT'they ', had
pulled about a hundred yirds: from the
shin without seeing any ! object r the
mournful cry came again upon or ears,
but from the weather quarter,
'' "Gracious Heaven, Mr. Grev,said
the Captain, 'have we been ' mistaken,
and sent the boats iri the wrbng'direc-
lionf ' ' ''?"' '
' " o, sir,' said the first 'lieutenant,
'the sound most assuredly came from
the lee quarter. ' I heard it most dis
tinctly,' and turning to the surgeon and
master,' who were hard by, they" both
corroberated bis assertion from the most
decided evidence of their senses. , '
' " 'But fr all that;' said ' the captain,
'it' would appeal there has been a mis
take. ; Beca'l the boats.' ' ';
' "Here again the wild wailing cry-
came from the same direction as it had
done the second lime, arid though when
ttie first lieutenant hailed the' top and
asked ifthev could see anything, they
uliswerpil they could not; yet the boits
were rec tiled, and, as tiiey passed un
iler the stern, were sent in the other
directions r ' '''
'J'Did you see any thing of him?1 ask
ed M r. (ireyi - Both the midshipmen in
the boats relied they had not.
'liut when fheV had gono about as
far to windward as they had previously'
done td leeward, "the cry broke-upon
our ears once more, but faint and Tar a-
wny astern while the 'life-buoy-itself
had hnrdlv had time to drift more than
a hundred vards from the ship. ' '
"The captain appeared much struck.
He looked at the other officers, then,
A'ithoiit a word, went and - walked bv
himself, while the others, with faces pa
ler than' they would like to hear me
say, gathered 1n whispering groups. .
"Shortlv the boats returned. .Thev
had pulled about' for 'some time, but
could see nothing. " The jolly-boat was
I .1 . I . lt-ii
sent to picK up me uie-ouoy. ah mis
while every s 'til of the men had been
asifeirtash mousey and tod couldhear
the flap of ihe sail, the cheeping of the
tiller ropes, and the ripple of the current
aaiinit the ship bows, unnaturally
loud and distinct. : ; ;.
'A8 .soon as the life-buoy nnd boats
were secured, 'rill and stand on, Mr.
iirey,' said the captain,, and, without
another word, he moved towards the
companion to go down to his cabin.
Just, however, ns he was about to descend,-bis
eyes, were attracted to a
brieht, pale .fl'tme that' kept: fluttering
and flickering about the weather fore-
topmast studding sail, boom end, and
gradually wi bdrawing but seeming to
hold bo by the' spar by a long, slender,
bright limb, as if loath to leave tho ship,
finally let go, rose inio the air, and was
lost, flashing and wavering high up in
the heavens.!" When it disappeared he
tdrned round to look - at the officers,
who were all with pallid faces and silent
lips gazing aloft into the sky. Then,
without addressing any of them, he
bade the messenger boy cnll his stew
ard from the deck and went into the
cabin. :T -.' 't ' . .' '-
"Ir a minute all was bustle again as
the ship was brought to. her course.
Now what da you think of that,' Mr.
D- 1" - - " . ' '' I
Give roua child a njcwspaper. A
child lieginning to read becomes 'de
lighted with a newspaper, because hei
reads of names and things which are
very familiar and he will make pro
gress accordingly. ; A newspaper in
one year is worth a quarter's schooling
to a child, and every father must con
sider that -substantial information - is
connected with advancement. ' The
mother of a fainilyV being one of its
heads, and having an immediate charge
of children, should herself be instruct
ed1 'A 'mind occupied becomes forti
fied against the ills of life, and is brac
ed fr any;-wnergency. Children a-
musd t.y rendmg 'or -studyj are 01
cmirse more-'. considerate and more ea
sily governed.- How inarty -thoughtless
young men hare spent meir earnings
in a tavern or gnog shopv who ought t
navbecii i-reading; 'How many p-
rnts,-who hiivrf nor spent twenty- dof-
ars for books fwrv yieir families,' wobld
tu giveri: thousands to reclaim i son
m a dauKhter-who ha rgrwrantiy-ana
thoughtlessly; fallen into teniptitton.tn
' .i f ', ' -' ' i
i - - - -
' r NEW CASTLE, (Island of Jamaica,) 7
- ' ,,1 January 8, 1845., J,:
To Ifif E f. Ohio Statesman: ,.- ; i
Dear Sir I. hasten to seize the op
portilnity of the glorious 8th of Janua
ry', to write you my.iirsCletter. t I have
ben upon, this Island, about a .moot!),
waiting for'the.'ledious rnovemenls f
the Packet company who own the line
between this and the .'Isthmus i of ftina
ma.' :"They'."have( failed jn'. every ar
rangerrient so far, and hayc'delayed the
departure two: weeks longer ' than .was
advertised. ( But ,1, cannot , say that . 1
have lost anything, by i in the. long
run,'as 1 have impr&ved upon the ,tjme
of my delay, in making riiyself acquain
ted more iptim'ately;.with the VVest In
dia' isles. 7'he'lslarid of Jamaica, by
far; the most important of the British
West India possessions, is., in a most
miserable State, of decjine. In 1790 it
was the richest' of all the .Islands. . It
was. iheh. the centre of the ,; wealth
and plunder of tho Spanish maiof()lts
nearness to. the ports oq, both sides of
the. Isthmus of Darien, made it a most
desirable, point for the operations, of
the bucaniers in their expeditions a
gaihst the Spanish settlements All
of the great expeditions fitted out a-
fainst the Spaniards, started from this
sland. '.The plunder of Porto Bello,
of, Panama, and Curacoa was all bro't
to, and spent in Jamaica. ' The vast
treasures accumulated by the Spaniards
from the mines of Peru, were jntercep
ted by those, hardy pirates' on their
way tb old Spain and deposited in this
Island. Those were the palmy days
of Jamaica. since that time it has been
continually on the decline,"unti by the
emancipation of the slaves on the part
of Great Britain, the Isla-nd, has been
reduced to' the very verge of bankrupt
cy and rujn. "The blacks, owing' to the
extreme profusion of fruits in a tropi
cal climate, are able' to .support them
selves, 1 Jim credibly informed, by la
boring one or two day out of the week
when ' this fact is stated, those who
know anything about the. indolence
which is natural to the ( African, will
not be astonished at the umversal ruin
of the planting interest. in the' Island.
No money will persuade the. negro to
work be vohd the immediate pressure
of his own wants. Hence it is. that
you ' witness ,'eve'ry ' where the , most
abundant crops of sugar and Coffee ac
tually rotting for Want of' hands to
gather - them. The Islanders are not
so squeamish as the philanthropists of
the mother country, in the expression
of opinion as to the causes and results
of this state of things. ' They boldly
tell vou that the emancipation has
brought ruin upori every planter and
land owner in the country, and at the
same time has made the blacks much
more dissolute and depraved than they
were formerly. 'The whites five in
continual ' fear of them, from their
known cruelty and love of riot. Indeed
it iS commonly admitted in English cir
cles, that if the experiment of trans
porting laborers from the hast Indies
tails, the Island must be given up to the
blacks. The revenue annually derived
from the Island is not sufficient to sup
port the colonial government thus
throwing the immense expense of sup
porting an army, a fleet of ships of war,
and salaried civil functionaries upon
the home government. "
I venture to assert that no man in
his senses can-visit the VVest Indies,
and see the awful effects of negro e-
mancipalinri here, and then go home
with the deliberate intention of aiding
in the liberatim of three millions of
people of the same race and color in
his own country." If uWe is any such
man," 1 should regard him as a worse
enemy' to his country than' he who
burns our. towns, and devastates our
territories. ' The Tatter can be'repair
ed, but the former cannot. 1 am dim
ly of the opinion that were the slaves
of the southern country to be immedi
ately emancipated, in less than fifty
years the entire white population will
have left that district of the United
States.', The most of our abolitionists
are honest,, virtuous men, and are mov
ed from pure hotives in their mistaken
notions'. "Ths fault is, that they will
not take; the trouble to ' inform them
selves of the 'pUACTiCABiLiTr of eman
cipation,' from the examples' we hnve
in th British West Indies.' The ques
tion has been tried here', and the blacks
have teen treated with a most singular
indulgence; r What is the result? It is
this, that the whites are iri' daily dread
for their lives, and literally sleep upon
theii arms.'-' The result is seen in the
drunkenness, indolence, 4nd licentious
ness of the" entire black tiopulatroti of
the Island-i-an" umorarit, savg and
degraded peasantry1, ready to fall upon
their white' benefactors : and- butcher
them in morhenl. lif J84$,.sd' re' "
cebHIy as -that, they attempted to- barn
the towh 'of iCiijgston;'nnd ha(f illnot
been for the promptness1 bf the trAopi
on the. Heights tvould have sacked the
lt6.wnJ;",Afteria'bIoody fight j they WtH -
at jaiEspui aqwa nt tue point wtne
bayooet. ! A large military, force" H kept
here ;constnnity, for the ; sole purpose
df preventing the "free blaOks'' ffrbm
cutting the tliroatf of' th'eii' kibaratdrt.
The very philanthropists -tobd-' firtt
moved in the great project' of erna'ndi
pationf and whose re"preserrtatxrs fek-, '
cited the statesmen - bf ;ttii;Wbthr
country, are obliged to 'surrouftj their
hotwes .with ' walfs'like- those of for
tress, and to have arm continually at
hand, for fear of-the''oftecft 'l tlieir
tendernest and Sympathy.- I Wislj the
abolitionists of our county-cbuld -see
what 1 have seen, and nbw seel daily.
.There iso jesistitig facts' drawn Obm
.1 . . .'I I , . ' A . . ; . a mi .
weir lernuie experience -nere. -u ne
question of tfre practicability of riegro ,
emancipation has had fair trial by
government capable of. trying o' tre
mendous an experiment, and has enlirt
lyfailedi i '.-.
The British Gqverninenti'ai the ear
nest prayer ofher West India Colonies,
has undertaken tft transport five thous
and Hill . Coolies from the East Indies,
lo be. employed, as laborers on the sugar
and coffee estates. . Tin's project masks
a deeper policy 'than the. procurement
ol labor. .The object is to play off the
jealousies of the East, Indians and. Ne
groes againsteach other, and from their
mutual animosit'fea, preserve, her. do
in i awn over both, i Itis but a part: of
thesaine policy by which she first woaT
and now .maintains her East Iadianl
Possessions. : The project is - worthy .
the brain of a C live or a Hastings; Sir
Charles Metcalfe, 'now j Governor -f
Canada lately.; Governor of. Jamaica,
and formerly Governor General the
British East India Possessions--ia ;tle
distinguished gentleman who has . the
credit of originating so subtle a scheme.
The ships with the Iliudoa emigrants,
are daily expected here.' ..What the
result will be, time can alone determine.
The Coolies are a race frugal and
industrious people in their own country.
If the vindictive blacks will permit
them to take root in the Island, it may
be tho-means of saving for the.. British
their .Vest India Colonies.
. The trade, to ; this 4slanaV together
with all the others beionglng.ttxthe' En- .
glish, is. conducted almost solely by. bur
enterprising Yankee countrymen..- Car
goes of flour, butter, hams, Sic. &c, are
daily arriving The colonists' are in a
state of the most perfect dependence
upon ua-for the necessaries Jof life.
. They look upon a declaration 'of. war,
as a declaration : ot Staryatiorf tr. tJiem.'
Every ounce of flour they, use comes
from our.country, besides many other
articles almost: equally; necessary for
subsistence. If there ever F should be
any. trouble between the two countries,
instead jof our entertaining apprehen
sions of danger from :the West Indies,
they would be in a. worse-state thaaft
conquored Province 'without a- blujw
being struck against tliem the mere
act of non: intercourse would reduce
the inhabitants of the British, Indies, to
a most deplorable state of : misery- and
want. A war with America is regard
ed in the British Possessions of the
West Indies as a calamity .worse than
any other .that can befal them. j..-, i
, The Spartan Frigate, lliat. was thd
bearer of such a terrible batch of news
from Vera Cruz, to New. Orleans, des
patches from the British Minister .at
Mexico, also from our Minister to- his
government is here. ' The renowed
Captain Elliott is with heiv '.She::is .
little 38 gun. frigate, with-nothing: in
rig or appearance calculated td ciye her
such a marvellous celebrity.;. But acci
dents sometimes make - great: ships as
well as great men.. I am in hopes we
will set sail in a week for the. racific
1 will communicate any thing' worthy
of notice on the way. , ; .' : f ; 'k
Very respectfullvvvours, Slc .
. , v t .- ,.A,BUCKEYE ABROAD, j
1 'The boldness of Samuel Davjes vtWl
be illustrated by -a 'single anecd'ote!
When President of Princeton ' College
he visited England for the purpose of .
obtaining donations for the institutioni
I he King, Oeorge III. had. a cfariosity
to hear a preacher frbrh 'the' wilds' f.
America". -He" accordingly ' attended,
and was sb much struck with his com- t ,,.
manding eloquence that he expressed
his' astonishment' loud enough to be
heard half way over the house in such
terms dt these f"He fs a ' wonderful
man!' Why, he beats my bishops.' Ihl .
vies 'seethg the King was attracting .'
more attention than hmfiself," paused,
and looking his majesty full in the faceV-
gave him in an emphatic tone' five, fol
lowing beautrful rebuker wVVheri' tlie "
ion roareth, let the beasts of-the forest
tremble; and, when the Lord fcpeakethi
LENcir."'. The King instantly shranH '
oacK in nis seai, iik a scnooi Doy rap
ped over the head by :his masterJand
remained quiet during the remain Jer b
the sermtn,'i'wherii1Jie ' sent fof"'the ,
preacher, and gaV him 'fifty1 "gumeaj . ,t
forth institution over whicn 'heVresii v
ded, observing at the sam3 tmieto his
courtiers-i-"He is q honest' wan" an' ? r
honest man." ' 'H u ' ! i ; '
: i
.; r" : : '' V K -:
v .-. tt . 1
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