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The spirit of democracy. [volume] (Woodsfield, Ohio) 1844-1994, March 07, 1845, Image 2

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REM ARKS, OF - M R. ;A UCjtl BOL,t
On hhj proposition to amend the Bank
j, i Bill, by abolishing bills of a less de-
.Jip,ininatiort than ten doljars. ;-.' -,(.
Kir, Archbold addressed -the. Chair,
.nil observed thnt Jie rose tinder din-
jing was belter, calculated to depress
tthe spirits of a speaker than hopeless
.Bess of, success. ! -Yet so it was, the
.good and generous spirits of the two
-parties were condemned, by political
. prejudice, to pass each other like ghosts
in a graveyard are said to pass the liv-
. ini uitkmit hAinrr nlilfl 'In rummnni(nlA
o o ,
an jdea. Yet he would be an irreso
. lute champion of the truth, who would
decline the contest, - simply . because
-.present victory was pot unlikely to
, perch upon his bqnner. , On the contra
.rv, such a man confident of the truth of
l: . ! . ..i.i . .1 .
. ,111a priucipies, wuuiu uuruutu uicui up-
ton all proper occasions,, well assured
-that if truth should meet a cold recep
tion one do v. it mieht hope for a better
,one at another. . y y . .. .f . .;.
The language, of such a man would
; be, -. 'r j J.
Truth crushed to rth, thall rUe again,
The eternal yean of God re hera.
But error wounded writhes in pain, 1
,v And dies amidit her worth iprjers." ':
It may be observed that the issue of
small bills, contradicts the primary idea
of a currency.- A stable currency nev-
, er can consist of a very cheap commod
ity, or of a commodity capable of great
' and immediate increase. If gold and
silver were as plenty as lead they might
answer for cups and goblets, as well as
now, but they would not answer n cur-
r rency, - i ney were cnosen Dy me u
.nanimous consent of the world to; be
.' the material of money, because of their
. scarcity, and because me quantity in
existence could not be suddenly increa
sed. ' Their beautiful and shining qual
ities have but little to do with the mat-'
lery-platinais less ornamental than sil
ver but more valuable than gold.' The
issue of small bills enables the banks to
.contradict the laws of currency in two
.particulars, it enables them to expand
the currency beyond the wants of tradp
and commerce, and it enables them to
bring about this effect in the most sud
den and mischievous manner. ' Did
'members doubt 'of this. Let them con
sider that if the issues of banks were
. confined to denominations larger than
bled from interfering in the small trans
actions of every day life; and the use
of their notes would be confined to 1 ir
ger transactions. Their notes would
iA I rt a i rl Inn tI a tr f riA rtnnnA e f" nn
. ing the blacksmith for shoeing a horse,
or the cooper for making a bucket, but
would be well calculated To be employ
ed in the dealings between the whole
saler and retailer, between stock-dealer
and grazier, and in one word, between
large dealers of all classes. The direct
consequence would be to limit their is
sues most materially, as the aggregate
of every man's dealings in small sums
below ten dollars is much greater than
in sums above ten dollars. This is
probably the only effectual curb which
the skill of man could devise to check
the overissues of the banks. All oth
er modes and means will provo futile,
and to this complexion we must come
at last. ' It is true, some have argued
that banks issuing none but large notes
niilrt ctill nut nut ns miirh lr.iirrinev as
i'-- .
if permitted to isssue notes of all de
nominations,' large and small. The
man who believes this, might easily
persuade himselTto believe that the gun
factories of all descriptions in the Unit
ed States, could sell and disperse' a
. tnongst community as much of -their
wares, if permitted to manufacture anc
sell nothing but cannons,as if permitted
to manufacture both cannon's and small
arms. But certainly all candid oppo
nents 'ought to admit, that bank issues
could not be iU'-Meny dispersed amongst
the community so as to unsettle the
currency, and occasion a -violent fluc
tuation of prices, except in the shape
01 small notes. . -And
it is further worthy of remark,
' that if in such a state of the currency
expansions should take place, they
would not reach every cabin door in
the wilderness as at present. .Uur peo
ple would have a currency suited to
their wants and exigencies, and would
not be influenced and agitated as at
v present, by every fluctuation of the
commercial world. .Those agitations
and fluctuations would reach none but
the commercial classes, who are best
able by thejr habits to accommodate
themselves to circumstances, and even
'. they would find their .means of relief
facilitated and increased by the exemp
tion'of community i from pessure and
calamity. The small proprietors, would
not have their habits of economy over
thrown and destroyed by' exchanging
their productions for trash, which they
would be anxious to spend the first op
portunity, and which U would be folly
' to accumulate. , On the contrury, that
class receiving the equivalent for their
productions in a stablecurrency, would
be stimulated to make accumulations,
until they would have sums at com
mand sufficient to lend , at interest.
. Jhua the morals and the wealth of the
community would be improved, loans
. from private capitalists would becomr
ewyiw attainment at moderate rates of
interest, nd the banks would get out
of ylficf I " He repeated lbat banks
rvouldget out of politics, for1 ns Bonn as
they-ceased to interfere with and in
jure - the community, ,,no disposition
would I'O felt $0 interfere;, with, jpr Ini
jure them, an J if such an attempt should
1 I . I t I i ' .!'.- -
oe made, it wouiq, oe tndwnanuy-rsni!-ked.
Gemlemenvere sometimes Uuid
in their denunciations of ngrarianism;
if agmrianism-was understood to bean
unjust interference by individuals, with
the affairs of third persons, they coul
not be too loud in their denunciations;
they could say nothing worse of it than
it deserved.
Hut what, interference with the af
fairs of the citizen could be 'more de
structive -than the power of a single
presideut and cashier to ,to make ten
thousand dollars of currency in a morn
ing, by scribbling their names on pieces
of paper? What interference could be
more destructive than the like privilege
on the whole number of the. banks to
increase the currency to the amount of
a million in a month, by alike .process.
In point of fact, every man was aware
of this fact, and. that his rlearesf inter
ests were the sport' of these institu
tions, whose expansions and contrac
tions' set at naught all the exertions of
his wisdom and prudence, and made
his life a continual succession of storms
and tempests, hopes . and feats, until
energy itself "was ' ready to relax its
exertions and give up the contest. If
gentlemen detested ngrarianism, here
was a whole system deliberately con
trived, which deserved the very sub
limhy of their hatred.-" He would add
nu more at that time, but. patienilv a-
wau tne coming 01 tnaz period, unen
the fashion of the present evanescent
and illfounded opinions should 'have
passed away. ' He thought it dueto
himself to say that if the thing lay with
him, he would not only alxwish' nites
of the denomination of ten dollars ami
under, but bills of n much laraer de
nomination. This declaration '. was
made in order to avoid a misunder
standing of his position.
Wport of the Committee oh Foreign
. Iltlati'ins m the Senate, on the sub
ject of annexation.
We have just received this report
a pamphlet of twenty pages to which
phe correspondence of Major Donelson,
American charge, with the Secretary of
Stated is appended.' VVe regret that
we cannot, tin's evening, present it en
tire to our re iders. The two first pa--ges,
which we copy, will, however,
show the' spirit and .tendency of the
whole; and, as it was adopted unani
mously, it 'eaves no doubt of the disp
sitions of the Congress and the people
of Texas, in regard to entering our
Union. Globe. J' ' '.
Senate Chamber, Jan. 20, 1845.
To the lloiuK. L. Anderson, President
of the Senate: , .
The Cornmitte on Foreign Relations,
to whom was referred the resolutions
adopted by the people of Brazoria and
Austin counties, in mass meeting assem
bled, and the memorial of the citizens
of the county of Victoria, all expressive
of lively interestin fuvorofthe annex
ation of Texas to the United States,
and urging upon this Congress to use
all just and honorable means to con
summate that desirable event, have giv
en to the subject that candid conside
ration which, its .vital importance de
manded at our hand?.
Although your committee nre unan
imousiy of the opinion that the time has
not yet arrived when action on the part
of the government of Texas would be
either appropriate or availing, and that
such action should first be had by the
government of the United States; yet
fully impressed with the all tdisorbing
interest of this question, and willing to
cherish those noble impulses which an
imate the bosoms of a patriotic peop e,
a decent regard for their feelings and a
becoming requital of their conlidence,
demand of. us a free and frank expres
sion of our sentiments. . . . ,
The annexation of Texas to the Uni
ted Slates, already emphatically willed
by the people of both countries, will,
when consummated, be among the most
inteiesting events recorded in the an
nals of history. It will stand without
a parallel in political changes. It is true
that the chronicles of nations are full
of the change of governments, of the
extension of empire, ami of the parti
tion of tne weaker among . stronger
powers; but this will . be the, first in
stance where, a free, sovereign and independent-people
will, have merged
their government in. another, by their
own free will and consenll OJier no
tions have lost their .separate and in
dependent existence, but they have fal
len before the bloody car of conquest;
and have been appropriated as the suc
cessful spoils of ambition. , They havej
only changed masters; and, in too ma
ny instances, have had substituted n
more intolerable despotism than that
which preceded it . . . .
. Uut here, how different will, be . the
change; and how incomparably differ
ent mpst be its results! - Our weakness
will become strength; our danger safe
ty; and desolation of heart will be sup
planted by the smiles .of joy. In jhis
change, there will le no compulsion . '
no force no rapacity -7.no'. desire W
aggrandisement; .nothing more nor less
than the stern . determination peculiar
to, and characteristic of, freemen, to
render more durable renublicun institu
tions, and-to perpetuate, the- gl ory of
me American nam?.' , AnJ wiio would
not exult in the appellation of an Ainer
ioaqreitizent VV liaf, country is there
contiguous to the United Slates that
would not rejoice to share the benefits,
the privilege, und -protection of that
government In the days of the Air
nr.ation of the federal constitution,
there were those who opposed its adop
tion; but it was because tli?j'coulrf not
foresee ats operation. Theireffiri
failed; (heir prophesies have long since
been falsified; and they ore looked upon
now 1 as ( deludedalthough mnny of
them were honest cavellers. . The -experiment
has worked well. Man ij ca
pable of seJI-governmenU- The United
States have proved it to a demonstra
tion, and upon an extended scale. ..
North Carolina and Rhode Island for
a while refused to sanctioji the consti
tution. They soon saw their error.
and entered into that great compact of
States. ., And should not Texas d the
same? Would it not be infinitely bet
ter for her to form one of ihe sisterhood
of American States ! to have a general
government able and willing to protect
her, and regulate ; matters, of .jieneral
concern, with her local legislature to
provide tor her domestic, interests and
safety! . Ought she to refuse to partake
of the advantages of a union formed by
the wisdom valor, mid patriotism of the
best men the Aorld ever saw, consoli
dated and strengthened by the lapse of
seventy years and consecrated .to pn
mmency by the,, ame of Washington?
Wfiuld not her incorporation into that
union be preferable to the tardy, un-
cettain, and hazardous experiment of
building n a new . government,, bur
dened with. a heavy debt, and, possess
ed with peculiar domestic institutions,
which invite the improper interlercnce
and. misplaced philanthropy .-."of the
world? Ought the restoration of the
niuullated purchase of Louisiana to be
longer delayed, when Providence, by a
peculiar and most extraordinary series
of events, seems to have pointed out
the easy means of frustr-ting the de
signs of men or at least their bad coun
sels.- - ,- ,. .
The imbecility of Spain, ihe alter
nate anarchy and despotism of Mexico,'
the daring attempt of Sunta Anna to
destroy the constitution of ihe. country,
the resistance and bravery of tba peo
ple of Texas, the carnage and capture
of San Jacinto, and ihe enlightened
judgment of the people of the United
Mates, havj all admirably conspired to
bring about that .restoration. V hat
Ootl hath joined together, let no man
put assunder! lexnstvr pnrt of the
great valley of the Mississippi. Her
people are the same as those of the
United States; and although separated,
for a while, from her natural allies, the
lime is at hand when the error will be
remedied, and the Host pleiiid"' return
again to its native .sky. , .
From the New Orleans Picayune, Feb IS.
By the arrival yesterday of the
schooner. Creole, from Vera Ortiz, we
have advices from that city to tho 3d
Instant, her day of. sailing. Our- pre
vious intelligence.was received by way
of Havana, and came down to the 3 1 si
of'January. - . -
Upon glancing at our pa pera,t'ie first
thing that met our eye was a long let
ter from Santa Anna, dated from his
prison at Pe rote, on the 22d of January",
addressed to the Secretaries of, the
Chamber of Deputies. It isnneofthe
most humiliating documents we ever
read. He begs for his life as pitifully
as when on his knees, at San Jacinto,
be and the valarous General Cos sup
plicated f am Houston for mercy 11
degradation which General Almonte,
in the same emergency, scorned with
the spirit of a man.
In his communication to the cham
bersthe substance of which we give
Sunta Anna recalls to the minds' of
the members, in the most vainglorious
manner, the seivice which he has ren
dered Mexico.' He dwells particularly
upon the actions of the Hit ('-September,
182S), and the 5th of December.
1838. He repeatedly nll&ies t Iris
wounds received in battle, to his m'Uil
atcd person, Hiid prays like a hound
that what little blood is left in him may
be spared.; He insists that in all hi
acts, front the very outset of the revolu
tion against Spanish rule, he had in view
the interests and glory of Mexico ah.ne
not personal aggrandisement. : Oh.
no lie never once thought -of himself
while pending stolen money to foreign
countries! : He admit that he may
have erred in the adoption of measures,
but he claims tin t all bin errors have
been those of judgment only. - He ack
nowledges that the recent revolution is
now consummated; he yields to the
general will, renounces the presidency,
and is anxious to atone lor whatever he
may have' done of evil by voluntary
expatriation nnd the consequent loss of
property -and of friends. H luuds,
iih disgusting .flattery, the geneiosity
und inngnanjimiiy of Mexicans; asserts
that even in the contest whch has re
sulted in bin overthrow, he hki red -ns
much a possiMe Mexican blood; that
he mainted himself at the bead t( ihe
army,nicrely to enforce what h belisvr
ed to be his constitutional rights to the
presidency ;thit the actions -.vhicli tf?ik
pbtce at Pueb'a' were mere skirmishes;
that he had difRcully tit restiaining the
enthusiasm of h;s soldjei, and that he
voluntarily gave up jhe oommitnd ol
them when they were unanimously de
voted to him. He revives his favorite
companion of himself M ith Napoleon:
hoping, that the parallel between neir
careers may be extended by his own
exile; and at the. same tiiije,bragging
that ifhehai not effected quite as much
ns the .Corsioon on the stage jd life, be
Iris the advantage of having lost a leg!
Hut we are tired of looking through this
paper, it is s unmanly, (awning,, and
false. '. JXi .true hearjed. soipier could
have dictated it. 1 :.; :,-.'. ,i
As to, the probable fate of Santa An
na, we can give no jnore definite indi
cation than iscontained in, the'.fidlow
ing letter from one of our ; correspon
dents: . ;,. . . n- - .
... . -' "Vkba Cncz, Feb. 3. 1845v,
','yi have only , time to drop you a few
lines. Nothing new. Saita Annu is
in confinement in Perote, . while. his
cause is before the Congress, Constitu
ted in 'grand jury' at Mexico.- He must
think occasionally jif his friends,.. th
Texans. Government .no doubt regrets
that he did not escape, as it is desinms
of being generous with. him, but at the
same time feat s puhlic opinion, which is
very storm v against the wretch.
.Should Santa Anna. not. be 'punished
with all the rigor ol the laws, another
revolution against the actual govern
ment would .no doubt be. the result.
Great confidence is felt by,,-all, in the
present, government, which in my opin
ion will prove tc be a good one, and the
first truly republican one this people
has ever. known. , . , 7
, 'K espeoting Texas. I. would say that
its useless ever to expect the consent
of this government to its annexation to
the United Slates.; If it should le an
nexed, it will make a great deal of noise
here, but nothing further than; talk will
.Jesuit from it, in my opinion. , .
"I send you a lew papers, to which
I refer you for Santa Anna's petition to
Congress, praying for .clemency .1
most -disgracefully humiliating docu
ment, and jost such a oue as might be
expected from such a cowardly dog.
The papers from every depirtment
of Mexico cane freighted with expres
sions d joy and gratttlulMn. It may
nt be without significance.lbe lact that
we now receive our files of the liberal
papers as due; 11 lit tie while lince we
never could lay our hands .upon, one,
unless it were forwarded by ., some
fnen I at his personal risk. ,, . .. .
The liberal editors of the city of
Mexico are tug ing upon tl.e govern
ment to organ'ue a national gu nd, op.ui
the French-syi-tem. i'hey begin to
weaiy of the. rule id ; n dicta lor. sop
ported by legionaries or janissaries, a
lotie. ,. ' . -
The enmmunications. from the north
ern departments of Mexico are still re
plete .with Indian outrages. The gov
eminent continues t express a desire
to repel the aul iciom outrages which
have been inflicted upon ihe inhabi
tants ofijiatdistaiitseciion of country.
When the Creole left. Vera Cruz,
there were ten Mexican vessels of war
in. port of different grades,, (he to
steamships being at the head of them.
The French brig Mercure, the British
fiigate Inconstant, the United State
corvette Falmouth, and the Spanish
frigate Cartes were also in the harbor.
It is it rare cireuinstam e o: chronii li
the arrival of a Spanish national vessel
in Mexican waters. , .. ... .
The S101.0 of the 24th ul timo, states
that Santa Anna was exceedingly de
pressed in spirits in his confinement.. at
Perote. , , -
No progress Ins been made in the
trials of the ex-ministers, Bocanegm
and IJ tssadre, nnd of th? ex-President.
Uanalizo. :, . ,, , -, . '. ,,
-What's in a mame. What'sn a
n imef is frequently uttered without its
heing exK?cted that an a,nswer is to Jie
given to the exclamation. A -young
man, in I'ai isJ found that a name culd
place bint within the c'utcltes of a mu
nicipal guard. lie' was proceeding
quickly along a streer, ', when a little
dog run after him barking loodly - The
owner of the tirimul first. whistled him
back , and then ; willed- out, ."Here, sir,
here! Assiisin, Asslssin'!,,' .The more
he called, ihe more ihe dog would .itoi
come: back, and' the owner coniin
tied . trying- oat : loudly, 'Assassin.
Assas-in!'' A municipal guard, -who
happened nt the uioment' to .appear,
hearing the exclamation, and seeing nn
individual proceeding ,ui'uy along.'
thought it was a clear case for the inter
ference of the taw, and according!)
Ktop ed the young tnan, summoning
him to fellow him,'' "Why so??'dein.Hi
ed the other. " Vou.shnll see that swon
enmgli,' retorted ihe ttnlnicip.il guanb-i
the man . protested. against such pro
cefldiog, ihe guard, insisted, a te.rwd
coliec ted,'!! rid all the assuraBcen of tne
young ntitn could not havtravailed huo
anything, had nottfie owner n'the-ig
come p,and,heuuing whit was jMrsing
perceived the tuistake -which the name
of the animal had caused, . lie explain.
ed -what had la ken !aee, and th e oung
luaA.wttSLset at liberty, amidst general
laughter at the occurrence, in whichj
ihough'rmich annoy ed,he at last joined,
TI15 municipal, very, seriously recom
mended the owner of the dog to give
his. quad. oped a less alarming appella
tion. Gtilignftni. --
, Oir AII persons to. whbin this nurh'
ber of our paper is ient, will be consid
ered subscribers unless the paper is
returned to us.
.. 1 -ii v j -ir--i,
CO" The present number commences
a new volume of our paper, One year,
therefore, has: rolled round -'since "we
assumed the control of a public journal.
It Afould naturally be expected that on
this occasion' wersfiould 'make, some
remarks in relation to our intentions
fir the future. ,1 In a foitner number of
our paper, we' told our readers that,
make or breaks we should continue
another year; that, determination we
still adhere , to, . notwithstanding - our
support is very limited. ; We have of
ten wondered how it is that the Coun
ty of Harrison," with but'a Httfe larger
population that this, rap support four
newspapers, while we are. unable to
'make -both 'ends meet ' without any
Apposition. Certainly it Harrison coun
ty Can support four papers, Monroe.
can support one. , Studl it be said that
Monroe couniyi with a population of
over twenty thousand, cannot support
one p.iper? ; If pot, let our present
sub-cribeis assist us .in extending our
circulation. Were it not that we are
ashamed to let it go abroad, we would
publish the number of our subscribers';
the smallness of the number, we think,
would certainly induce our, friend. to
come to our assistance, ,
As heretofore, we shall battle for
what we conceive to be democratic
principles, i'ecatiso James K Polk is
president of the United States',' it is no
reason why the democracy of the coun
try shou'd relax a single effort, ; Now,
a. at all limes, will the money power
of the country seek 'to gain the ascen
dency in the councils of the nation.
When we have before us such a bank
ing law, as that enacted by the present
Ohio legislature ,-'tt becomes the busi
ness of the laboring men of the coun
try to look well to their interests.
(Hr As we have at this time but a
single journeyman in our employ, we
are unable to devote but very little
time to the editorial department of our
paper." Those ' acquainted with the
irinting business know that it is pretty
.rood work, for two hands to issue a
piper of. the size of the 'Spirit,'- with
out any other assistance, nnd not even
a devil. It is a pretty1 serious business
to be editor, journeyman-and devil all
at the same time!, . ' v .;',-.. . ,
, THE BANK 'BILL.?;,;,
Tho great Jine-and thearing (finan
ciering)' scheme of Mr. Kelly, has be
erne the law of the land; and this bill
of seventy "five sections, we promised
to publish, should it be finally passed
Into a law. Great Scott! is it possible
that we ever-promised to publish this
law. '' Little 'did we1 think when we
made that promise that we should ever
be. called upon, to fulfil vit,. We cer
tninly never thought the whigs of the
Ohio "legislature would have the har
dyhood til pass such a bill. 'But so
it is,' may it please' your honors.", We
think our readers will have to be satis
fied 'with a synopsis of this law, which
we -intend publishing as soon as we
can make it convenient.., . '-'. '
,6'Hro legislatuue:
t The principal business engaging the
attention oi tie legislature since the
passage f Kelly's monster Bank, is of
local character, nnd therefore "unin
teresting t.i our reaiiers."' ' .',u J '
. Th.e";bil jntroiiuc'ed 'by Mr Keily,
10 , appraise all property for taxation at
ts'cash valuehas been postponed.
The bill to provide for. the compte.j
tionNif the new State House tin's pass,
ejl-th'e Jlouse byja vote of 35 to' 30J
'..vl'he House bus indefinitely, postpon
ed tho.Stnatf bill to repeal the ' black
laws'' fe ; vote of 33 to WC-P-
i 1. ivr.uu acciden v. iv'.'t.'.;-.
i piv Thursday, the 27- i 1 't, while a
nuiii i,r- 1 1 u rm u war. t irnrrai -tr
the farm of Mr Edwauo Maoinnis. in
this toyn9hip, id jrolling fog a.pd fenng
trees,- n.limb about three feef in length i
fjfljl r froim , a considerably Jicight," from
one' of -the falling trees'a'nd .Sirtick"
tf. Mo'ginnis'on the heatt above the s
ipntli in nluml lu-n hAiir ' Mr. M. -'
was ar ohi and respected citizen, 1 '
- -w :i rv, 1 .1 1' .,',; ,it.u .1 ; -( h -. ' '. ':
The newfromj'fie city pf Washing-'
k:t.l.. -.:r.,: - .l. "i 1'
liiii .is - iiiviif ff- vi ill iv uur 111 mi- irifiiiiv
01 the annexation of .lexas..u -We 0 .
py below the bill for the annexation of
Texas to the United States s it pass
ed the'oenate. A'' -ihe. democratic .
aenawra ana mree wnicra voiei lor rna
.... ' .,, ... - ... . :"
bill. Tri( urhura ivpra tirrir-r nf Mn "
lyland. J ohn'son ojf Louisiana, and Hen
derson of Mississippi. - The House has '
concurred jn the' Senate' amendments,
ny a vote 01 132 10 76; nil the demo- .
crats present except two,; voted in
r-iunt rf nnrl 'nil tw UZnMltJ,.
except ,ipne, against, the bill.' v -t i
TJie .IloCise'.haV passed the.Senate
postage bill with but two amendment
one, that the bill is hot to take effect
until the first of( July- the Other, that
on all single letters the postage , for '4
any distance unde'rhree hundred mile
shall be five cents, foV all distances
over.. three hundred milts, ten : cents.
Wehope this bill may become Vt law.
The-Senate lias, so far, refused tt
ncU qti ".the , bilt. for, the, admission of .
Iowa and Florid i as'SMtes. .'' "'
Deflating the terms: on which Congrssa
will admit Texas into the Union as a
"'State. : - ''-v-i'
Be it resolved by . the Senate nqtl
House' of Hepresentatives of the fUni
tetf Stales.of Aiherica in Congress as.
mliloil. 'Ill-it (V)n(Ti-eB.i4nlh. nnnuil .
t..at the territory properly ;inqluded
within, nnd rightfully, belongmg t, th
it:- ..CM1 I ' - 1. ; . .
repouiiuiti 1 t).M3, nn v oo ereciea- into
a new State, to bo called tlSta'to wf
I exas; with a republican form of ijov.
eanmen,', to be. adopted by .the peoplo
. 1 1 1 t . 1
01 saiti repuoncv ny nepauesin c.onven
tion assembled, With the consent. otthe
existmg government, in order that tho
same may be admitted af orifi ' of tht
States ot tins union. , . ,,
Skc. 2. And be it further resolved.
That .the foregoing consent of Congress
is given upon the 'following conditions,
.....i .. :.u .1.., . r .ii.. .:
nun mm. mc - itiiiuti ing JuaiuuiicS, -U
wit: . v .: - . ' v:
: .First, Said State to le formed sub
ject to tne adjustment by thisgovern-
uienioi an (uesuons 01 uounuary that
may arise with other governmentst
and the constitution thereof, Avith tjje
properevidencB of its adoption' by the
people o&ahi lepuuiic ol l exas, shall
be transmitted to the President of the
United,Stales, to be- laid before Corr
grejss f orits final action, on or before
the first day o( January, one thousand
eight hundred and forty-six. .'.;? 1
Second, Said State, wheti "admitted
into the Union, after ceding to the Uni
ted States all mines, minerals, salt lakes
and springs j and also all public edifices, ..
fortifications, barracks, ports and har
burs, navy. and navy yards, docks, ma
gazines, arms, armaments, and all other
property and means pertaining. to tho
puuuu ucience, uesonging lo .saiu. re-
lllltlw f f Tfl 10- fili'lll ratlin all -!.
'M'i.v. v. . .nun v.u.l, 111 ,119
public funds, debts, taxes and 'dues of
every kind, which may belong to or be
due and or owing said republic and
shall also retain ail the vacant and un
appropriated lands lying within its lim
its, tq be applie i to the payment of ihi
debts and liabilities of said republic of
w..u iiw s biiuuo ut auiu luiiua,
after ;disch.irgins said debts and liabili
ues, iu uo ui.suuscu ui us saiu oiaiemav
rlirect: iint in nn vnnt hra niit AahtJ
und liabilities In hficiim n i-lmni. imnn '
. .. w .a UIJUl
the government of the United States.
Third, New States, of convenient
ize, and having . sutficienl population
u r... u.. ,l- .?
mar ocicuuei, uy me consent 01 said
Stale, be formed out of the territory1
e 1 i.i. ... ' .
tnereoi, wmcn snail ue entitled to adv
mission under the provisions of the fed
eral constitution.: And such States as -'
may be f.rmed out of that portion. ''of
said territory lying south of thirtv-sitf
degrees thirty minutes north latitude
commonly known ob the Missouri com-.
promise line, shall he admitted mtotho
Union, with or without slavery as thi'
people of each Slate asking admission
may desire. '';. And in suoh ' State' or:
States as shall be formed out of said
territory north of said ' AlissTurt' com1
promise line,; slavery,' or in vol vntarv
servitud (except for crime) shalf be7
prohibited-' ' '' '.'? : r ''', v: ;.-
Seci S. Ahd be it further 'resolvedJ' '
Thnt if fh IVociilnhl. nC- jK. . fTnOa.l I
States 'shall, in his judgment and discre-;
-.1 - - : . - ti. j ,
proceeding to submit '.h i foreuoing res, '.
olution to the republic of i'exas, as an I
AtrePdi sxm An -' Kr V4 : Ar iKst lwiAA 1
v vi iiui wu - in t ... yqi " vi iiv . u iiiLCU

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