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TUB SPIKIT OF-DRMOCB.4CY.
EDITED BY J. R. MORRIS. WOODSFIELD, OHIO: SATUIiDJlY. JULY 26, 1845. AWFUL CONFLAGRATION. There was an awliil fire in the city of New York on Friday the I8:h inst Tlie value ol prop erty destroyed has been estimated equal to that of the frest firo in Pittsburgh. Some tivo hundieJ buildings, In the.moM valuable part of the city, were destroyed. Particulars next week. From the Artw Orleans Tropic. DREADFUL STEAMBOAT EXPLOSION. The steamboat Marquette, Capt. Turpin, was advertised to leave here at 4 o'clock last evening, for Louisville and Cincinnati, and as usual at this season of the year, a goodly number ol cabin and deck passengers went on board in readiness to take their departure for their various points of destina tion. About 4 o'clock, all lunds being aboard, the Marquette backed out fram the steamboat landing, and was just going ahead, the wheels having only made one revolmiun, when one of the boilers burst with an awful explosion, and was immediately followed by the other, causing great i f iv. ... iow oi me, manning and scalding many persons on board, drowning others, and lipping and tear ing the boat to pieces. The persons who witnessed the explosion de scribe the scene as a most terrible an awful one, The force of the explosion did not go aft, as is often the case, but went right up, carrying into the air the mangled bodies of men, parts of the boilers and machinery, and fragments a I the boat, which were thrown to a great height, and were scattered in every direction. Mr. Ostandcr, the pilot, who was at the wheel, was thrown many feet in the air, and fell on the decs of the "Yezuo City," lying alongside he was very seriotuly injured, and appeared to be Buffering much pain when we saw him; it was thought lu's hip was out of joint. Capt. Turpin was walking aft at the time of the expli sion, to see that the boat cleared the Yazoo City in passin: he was blown up also, but luckily escaped wilhaut farther injury than a bruise on the leg There were a great number of persons on the hurricane and boiler decks at the time of the e.plos:on, sonic of whom were killed, and some drowned, while others were dreadfully scalded and maimed few, if any; es.-aped without injury. GENERAL JACKSON'S LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT. Extract ot a letter from Nashville, dated June 7, to a gentleman in Washington. "'The last will and testament of the old hero was this day approved in our county court, and is of public record. He commenced by giving his body to the dust, nhe:.ce it came, his soul to God that gave it, &.C , (leveling bis estate, first to the payment of two iUii, viz: one cf G,000, with interest, borrowed of Gen. Flauihe, of New Or leans; another of 10,OGO, with interest, borrowed of Blair and Rives; and the babnee to his son, Andrew Jackson, Jr. with the exception of a few servants to his grand-children. "The sword presented him by the State of Tennessee, he give3 to A. J. Donelson, his nephew, now Charge d'AlXtirrs at Texas. The sword pre sented him at New Orleans, he leave's to Andrew Jackson Coffee, the in of lib old friend General Coffee. The sword presented to him at Philadel phia, he leaves to his grandson and namesake. The sword and pistols which he carried through the British and Indian wars, he leaves to General R. Armstrong. The pistols of Washington by liim given to La Fayette, and by La Fayette given to Jackson, he leaves to George Washington La Fayette, the son of Gen. La Fayette. Sundry other presents made him during his long and event ful career are left with his adopted son, with in structions to him that in the event of a war, they shall, upon the restoration of peace, be distributed among ! those who shall have conducted themsclcs most worthy of their country in the conflict, in the opinion oi their 4 conntrymen and the ladies ' It is dated, I think, in Scpt"inber, 1844, and revokes a will made by him several years before. It is in his own steady and firm handwriting and like all things that ever fell from his pen, breathes the purest patriotism throughout." ELECTIONS IN KENTUCKY. Extract of a letter dated, Louisville, July 0, 1815. I think you may look forward with a good deal of certainty to the election of Mr. Nutall from this district to Congress; ths most perlect harmony exists among the democrats, whilst the whigs are lukewarm and dissatisfied. James W. Stone, will be re-elected by from 400 to 500 votes. Tibbalts wiil also be re-elected easily. French will te re-elected by a small majority. In Boyd's district, there are two democrats run ning Boyd and McElroy the whigs are running McElroy; Boyd will be elected. In Willis Green's dfttiict, McCreary is running, and Albert G. Hawes tells me that he will be elected beyond a doubt. I do not look upon it as certain by any means myself his prospects aie very good, however. T. F. Marshall, I fear, will be beaten, which I very much regret NAVAL. The Princeton and Pennsylvania The Wash ington Union of Tuesday says: "We understand that the steamer Princeton has been ordered to return to the Gulf of Mexico; and that as soon as her boilers, which may require some slight repairs, can be overhauled, she will rejoin the squadron. We learn further that it is not the intention of the department to diminish the naval force in that sea, but lather to increase it, during the threatened declaration of hostilities from Mexico; being as sured that the most certain means of securing peace is to be prepared for war." POST OFFICE BALANCES. The Washington Union of Monday says: "In reply to tht numerous inquiiies that are made on this subject, we are authorized to state that these articles are now under contract, and that a quan tity of them are to be delivered in this city on or before Ihe 15th inst. Expedition will be. used in forwarding them 'to post offices, as fast as they can be manufactured, inspected and tested; but as they are requiredto be made with great nicety and accuracy, some time must elapse before all can be supplied." THE ADMISSION OF TEXAS OPENING NEW MARKETS FOR WESTERN PRO DUCE. . The rcannexation of Texas, like the purchase of Louisiana by Mi. Jefferson, will open new markets to the products of the eastern manufactu rers and the produce of the western farmers. Texas, like Lnuisaina, must necessarily be a sugar and cotton growing State, because these products yield a richer return for the labor .bestowed, limn would be produced by raiing wheat, corn, and pork, and consequently to the great west, must the people of that fertile region look for those necessaries of life. Its admission into the Union will create a better and more certain market in the south, and will greatly increase the demand for the surplus preduce ol the West. In the same way will the manufacturer find the home maiket for his goods increased, as well as his facilities for procuring the raw cotton. With these facts before them, federalism is sti opposed to the admission of Texas. Still the fed eral fanatics in the west and the north, the portions of the Union most to be benefitted by the admission are crying out against annexation, as if the in crease of territory the extension of the area of freedom were "a sin, in comparison to which even disunion sinks ilito insignificance. It was so when Louisiana was purchased it is so in the reannexation of Texas, and it w ill continue to be so as long as ancient federalism finds supporters in the land. Ohio Statesman. THE ENGLISH IN SOUTH AMERICA Patagonia Stizcd John Bull has taken posses sion of l'atagouia as appears by the following: Capt. Deming, of the ship Mexico, arrived yes terday in !)2 days from Valpariso, reports that Capt. Rogers from Londcn arrived there 1st April, and informed him that he had landed Capt.. Gard ner, of H. M. Navy, and Mr. Hunt, in Cape Gregory Cay, Strain of Magellan, on the 20th February. They have gone to this desolato region for the purpose of civilizing the Patagonian In dians. Capt. Rogers also staled that he remained in Cape Gregory Bay five days and built them a comfortable home for the winter. Patagonia is a fine country, though occupied by fierce and savage tribes of Indians. It is twice as large as Canada; the climate is somewhat similar to that of England; it fronts on ihe Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and commands the entrance to both at the straights of Magellan. It is supposed Great Britain has thus put her foot down upon American territory as a conquerer, and how far she intends to go it is impossible to say. JV. York Nil. JACKSON'S MILITARY SAGACITY. It is related of General Jackson by a correspond ent nt Washington of the Boston Post, that when the hostilities between Texas and Mexico, some years since had nearly reached their climax, and public expectalion was on constant tip-toe to hea r of some decisive engagement, a gentleman called to see the old General .e" White House." He found him alone, holding in his hand a morning paper, and intent upon tracing the outlines of a map that was suspended from the wall. The Gen eral invited his friend to hi Me and then remark ed: "I have been engaged in tracing on this map the relative position of the Texian and Mexican ounies, in order to discern their several advanta. ges and disadvantages. I now- declare to you, my dear sir, that if my old friend and companion in arms, Gen. Houston, is worth one buubee, he will cut Santa Anna's army to pieces at this point." The remark was attended with such peculiar cm phasis that the gentleman was induced to remem ber the place thus singled out. It was San Ja cinto, la less than a fortnight thereaf:er, inlet igcnr.e of Houston's ictory on that sacred spot was received, thus demonstrating the almost more than human sagacity of "Old Hickory.'' At the distance of many thousand miles by the faint out lines of a musty chart, be was able to foresee the result to which his old associate could direct the struggle; if he but comprehended his position. He did comprhcend it, and won the battle, as Gcu. Jackson had thus singularly predicted he would. THE MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH. We mentioned in a preceding number of Ihe Post, that a method had been discovered of print ing by the electric telegraph. The editor of the New York Commercial has' seen the machine at work. That paper says: ''A most ingenious, wonderful thing it is; and, so far as we can judge, perfectly efficient. We are restricted from telling how its operations are performed, or giving any intimation of its construction, but of its doings we may speak, andsurcly there is nothing we can say that would go beyond its merits. Its advanta ges over Morse's telegraph, are, greater rapidity of action, greater certainty, and facility of use by any person. For Morse's telegraph there must be a person at each end, capable of translating the hieroglyphic marks and dots; but the printing tele graph makes the ordinary letters, arranges them in words and can be governed by any person who can spell." fjtj- The wool growers who voted for Polk and annexation, are suffering for their folly, Wool that last year commanded 35 to 43 cents, now runs from 25 to 34. Only about 33 per cent, less for the pleasure of having a booby at the helm of the ship of State, and getting Texas and her negroes into the Union Wheeling Times. The above is a rich specimen of federal logic J and decency. It is a notorious fact that every effort wes made last year by federal manufacturers and wool buyers to keep up the price of wool, to operate in favor of Mr. Clay, and not a few of them have most righteously been bit.' They have now on hand more wool than they can speedily manufacture, and consequently there must be a tailing off in the price of the article. The fede ral politicians last fall opposed a repeal or modifica tion of' the present tariff law, and declared that it afforded protection and encouragement to our manufacturers. That law is still in existence, and of course if it kept up the price of wool last year, it should do so this. More manufacturing estab lishments have been erected since Co). Polk took possession of the White House, than at any other period heretofore, federal predictions and asser tions to the contrary, notwithstanding. Every department of industry is now in a healthy and prosperous conditon, and any new attempt of the Roorback party to get up new panics this summer to operate in their favor during the coming cam paign, will be frowned down by every virtuous intelligent citizen. Cadiz Sentinel. ' Calculate tobeblownskyhighifyoufingerthetypes inaprintingofficeortouchanythinglyingoDtheeditors sanctum! Professor Bronson stated in his concluding lec ture last week, that if a drop of human blood be subjected to examination by the oxhydrogen mic roscope, and magnfiied some twenty millions of times all the species of animals new existing on the earth, or that have existed during the different stages of creation, for millions ol years past, will there be discovered. In the blood ol a healthy person, all the animalculse are quiet and peaceable; but in the blood of a diseased person they are furious, raging and preying upon each other. This he stated in illustration of his position that man contains within himself all the principles of the universe. It was also asserted that if a dead cat were thrown into a pool of stagnant water and allowed to dissolve there, a drop of water taken from any part of the pool and examined as above, will show every variety of animal of the cat spe cies that has ever existed on the earth, raging and destroying one another. The bodies of all the lower animals being thus made up of animalculse similar to themselves; and Ihe body of man being compounded of all that is below the scale of crea tion. JYtw York Mirror. "Wretches hang, that jurymen may dine." The truth of this sentiment of the immortal bard w.-s practically illustrated in our Circuit Court last week. A fellow was on trial for some criminal offence, and the jury after retiring, found them selves unable to agree upon a verdict. Argument and persuasion were used on both aides, but to no effect. Beginning to feel, "As well they might, The keen demands of appetite," it was at length proposed by one that they decide the matter by a "raffle." This was at once acce ded toby all. Each pirty chose its "rafller," and it was solemnly agreed that the verdict should be in accordance with the toss ol the dollars. The result was a verdict of guilty! This might very properly be termed even handed justice Galena Gazette.. From the U. S Journal. WHO ARE THE YOUNG DEMOCRACY? The political campaign of 1815 is past, victory lias crowned the ciTirts of the Democracy, and although neither is as decisive or brilliant in its results, as many could wish, still Federalism was repulsed and driv.n, and the darling idol of all the combined factions that hate the name of democrat, rcbuked,by that "second sober thought of the peo ple, which is never wiong and always efficient." The burden of the contest fell upon the young men of the nation, upan tliose who became voters since the Presidential election of 1840; it was to their untiring exertions, manly ap peals, and self-sar ridcing spirit, that the country is indebted, lor the restoration of democrJtic tulers in the councils of the nation. With all their admiration of Mr. Clay's eloquence, and comman ding abilities, they remembered his principles, and adhered to the demo cratic faith with all the ardor and sin cerity of youth. Governed by the mixiin "principles not men," they drove the federal phalanx, its hired sing ers, and paid orators, as the patriot .Jackson routed the soldiers of the Pen insula War, upon the plains of New Orleans. To their devotion is it main ly owing, that the democratic republi can banner floats in triumph, and the defeat of 1810 has been retrieved. In order to pcrlectly establish the position, that the "Young Democracy" retrieved the disastrous overthrow of 10 10, we stare the fact, that Mr. Clay, with nil his personal populattv, receiv ed but 1,4000 more votes than Gen. Harrison obtained; and this too, after an interval of four vears, when one would have supposed that the actual increase of voters, would have shown a better result for federalism; while Mr. Polk receiv -d nearly 200,000 more than Mr. Van Burcn'had in 1840, al though Mr. Van Buren's vote was, in 1840. 360,000 more than when he was elected in 183C. We state these undeniable facts, in order to satisfy the curiosty of those wise politicans, who are continually in- quring, who are the Young Democracy? As well as to show in whose hands,the balance of politic il power in the re public will hereafter remain. Let those then who imagine that a victory thus achieved by determined patriotism, tan be thus torn from our grasp by the ti midity of a few, or that those who term themselves leaders, can bind the en thusiasm, the generous impulses of the masses, by the wires and machinery, whiqh have been so efficient, when light and knowledge were not as wide ly diffused, remember, that "revolutions seldom go backwards;" and that how ever willing the "Young Democracy" are, that they should share in the fruits of the victory gained, it can only be done by their acting with the impulses oi the age, and moving with the on ward and upw ard flight of the spirit of reform. We leave, therefore, the above facts and figures for the speculation of those who are desirous of ascertaining "who the' Young Democracy are?" as well as for the especial benefit of those "Old Hunkers," to whom age has not given experience, or the "loaves and fishes"1 any higher patriotism than that display ed upon the battle fields of the Revolu tion by the patriots of '76. The New Orleans Picayune, of the 3d inst., says, we do not recollect any Summer within several years when so many have died from the effects of the extreme heat of the sun as this. Yes terday we mentioned three cases to day we have two more. The trial of McNulty, at Washing ton, has gone over to the next Decem ber term. From the National Intelligencer. FROM MEXICO. We eopy from the New Orleans Tro pic of the 7th instant the subjoined Mexican intelligence, brought by the schooner Creole, which left Vera Cruz on the 24th ultimo: Gen. Bustamente arrived at Vera Cruz on the 17th ultimo, an I offered his services to sustain the integrity of the Mexican territory and the dignity o the Republic. lie was rather coolly received by the government, and it is reported that he refused the military honors tendered him on his arrival. It was believed that his return was not invited by any party, and that he had no desire to meddle in public allairs. The neoole generally were quiet,and not at all alarmed, notwithstanding the war cries made by the federalists and the partisans of Santa Anna, who are loud in denouncing ihe government 'or want of enemv. The state of the public treasury was presumed to be pretty low, as the officers in the em ploy ol the government lound g difficulty in obtainingone fourth oftheir salaries. The acting President, general Canal- iso, and ex-Minister of War, Gen. Ba- sadre, not accepting the propositions made them by government, to be expa triated for ten years, have been impris oned for the same term, the former in the castle of Perote, and the latter in that of San Juan de Ulloa. Don Manuel Rincon, General of Di vision and Constitutional Governor of the Department of Mexico, has pub- isiied the following nroclamation: The Minister of Foreign Affairs has communicated to me the following de creec: .lose Joaquin de Ilerrera, General of Division and President ad interim of the Mexican Republic, to the citizens thereof. Beit known: That the Genetal Con gress has decree.!, and the Executive sanctioned, the following: The National Congress of the Mexi can Republic, considering, That the Congress of the U. States of the North has, by a decree, which its Executive has sanctioned, resolved to incorporate the territory of Texas with the American Union; That this manner of appropriating to itself territories upon which other na tions have rights, introduces a mon strous novelty, endangering the peace of the world, and violating the sove reignty of nations; That this usurpation, now consum mated to the prejudice of Mexico, has been in insidious preparation for a long time, at the same time that the most cordial friendship wr.s proclaimed, and that, on the part of this Republic, ths. existing treaties between it and those States were respected scrupulously and legally; That the said annexation of Texas to the United States tramples on the conservative principles of society, at tacks all the rights that Mexico has to that territory, is an insult to her digni ty as a sovereign nation, and threatens her independence and political exis tence; That the law of the United States,in reference to the annexation of Texas to the United States, does in no wise des troy the rights that Mexico has, and will enforce, upon that department; That the United States having tram pled on the principles which served as a basis to the treaties of friendship,com merce, and navigation, and more espe cially to those of boundaries fixed with precision, even previous to 1332, they are considered as violated by that na tion; And, finally, that the unjust spolia tion of which they wish to make the Mexican nation the victim.gives her the clear right to use all her resources and power to resist, to the last moment,said annexation; IT IS DECREED. 1st. The Mexican Nation calls upon all her children to the defence of her national independence, threatened by the usurpation of Texas, which is in tended to be realized by the decree of annexation'passed by the Congress,and sanctioned by the President of the Uni ted States of the North. 2d. In consequence the Government will call to arms all the forces of the army, according to the authority gran ted it by the existing laws; and, for the preservation of public orders for the support of her institutions, and, in case of necessity, to serve as a reserve to the army, the Government, according to the powers given to it on the 9th of December, 1841, will raise the corps specified by said decree, under the name of "Defenders of the Independ ence and of the Laws." . MIGUEL ARTISTAN, President of the Deputies. FRANCISCO CALDEIIN, President of the Senate. Approved, and ordered to be printed and published. JOSE JOAQUIN DE HUltltUKA. A. D. Luis G Cuevas. Palace of the National Government, City of Mexico, June 4.-1 845. The yellow tever was prevailing to a very aggravated extentat Vera Cruz. The french sloop of war La Perouse arrived at Vera Cruz on the 24th, from Galveston, with intelligence of the ac- lion of the Texan Congress on the an nexation question. Mr. John Cumminger, bearer of the despatches to the United States Gov. ernment, came passenger in the Creole, POST MASTERS. By the new postage law, the com pensation of the Postmasters at the smaller offices, was much reduced; and they were resigning in such numbers, as to create an apprehension that the public service would be materially in jured, unless some further compensa tion could be given them. It was cer tain (says the "Union") that, in some of the important offices, the Postmas ters would not only receive no com pensation, but would be actually in debt some hundreds of dollars at the end of each quarte , if their pay were imited to the per centum on the pos tage. Ihe l'ostmaster General very properly submitted the question to the Attorney General, who has given an able opinion on the subject; and the Postmaster General has acted upon that opinion which ho was satisfied was the true construction of the law, and ordered that the deputy Postmas ters be paid, the ensuing year,the same compensation which they had received during the last year. The following is a copy of the order. Statesman. r. O. Department, ) July 9, 1845. J Ordered, That from and after the first day of July, 1845, every deputy postmaster whose commission on the pastages of letters at 30 per cent, and of newspapers at 50 per cent., under the actot 3d March, 1825, snail fall short of the sum of S'6.25 for any one quarter, or of the proportional part of that sum for any fraction of a quarter, be authorized to credit himself, in a separate item in his account currcnt,for extra commission on the postage of let ters at 20 per cent, under the act of 3d .March, 1845. If the postmasters be entitled to the allowance of 20 per cent, for night ser vice, he will not credit the extra com mission here mentioned, as 50 percent. is the utmost which can be allowed in any case under the law. Ordered, That,any deputy postmas ter whose commission on the postage of letters and newspapers, and other allowances, shall exceed the sum of .0,25 in any one quarter, or the due proportion of the said sum in any part of a quarter, be authorized, in the event that such commissions and allowances fall short of the amount to which such deputy postmaster was entitled for the correspondingfquartcr of the fiscal year ending 30 1 1 1 June, 1845, to credit him self in a separate item in his account current, for such amount of extra com in i .it. missions as snail maue tne wnoie amount credited equal to the same; the said extra commissions to be. subject to the provisions contained in the 41st section of the act of 4th March, 1825, and to the regulations of the depart ment issued in pursuance thereof. C. JOHNSON. Democracy. The svsteni of Demo cratic Government is most beautiful in its structure and benevolent in its op erations. It is a transcript of the gov ernment of God. It h supported by the profoundest researches of philoso phy, by the subhmest teachings of reli gion, the purest piety, the deepest vir tue, the firmest faith, the brightest hope, the most extensive charity. It gives to each the right of all. Each man is eslimaied a unit, the sum of which makes up the whole. What is the right of one, is the right of all. It confers no title; it bestows no im munities. It makes each accountable for the whole, and pledges the protec tion of the w hole, for the good of each. The man that is born in insignificance, and bread in the corner, may by a con tinuance in well doing, rise to the cen tre of glory and honor Merit is the only avenue to success, and the sons and daughters of the rich, by the neg lect of virtue, by indulgence in vice, wiil sink into merited insignificance. The man in office may be removed without a revolution, while vacant seats are open to the emulation of all. J can conceive of no form of government so perfectly compatible with the sublime principles of Christianity or so directly calculated to promote the happiness of all mankind, as a democracy. It needs only to be understood in theory, and adopted in practice, by a people qalified to test its qualities, to secure admira tion and support of every philanthro pist throughout the world. Rev. W. S. Batch. Elevate the Masses.--The impor tance of making every man of our country a freeholder, cannot be, in our judgment too highly appreciated. It not only places mm ueyond tne contin gency of poverty, but it identifies him with the interest and well-being ol our country and serves to make him a bet ter citizen, as well as a happier man. When education is placed within the reach of the masses, and when they become owners of the soil, we need have no fear about the perpetuity of freedom, or ot our institutions; the for mer will give him a just conception of the blessings to be derived from free dom, and the latter the strongest inter est that can be made to preserve and ' '. a ' ' . , ran ti - sings, enjoyed by the people with a pro per moral, and religious restraint, form the strongest safeguard against exter nal and internal foes, than can in any event be made by a nation. Standing armies, navies and fortifications, are as nothing in comparison; these in the hands of a mercenary soldiery may spread for a time through any country destruction; but they are not the ele ments lor huilding up and protecting permanently a country of freemen. Elevating the condition of the masses ought to be the great desideratum of our legislators; for, in the accomplish ment of this, almost every great object of legislation is attained. A Wedding in the Wilderness. An Oregon emigrant wiites to the Kal ida Venture from the company's camp on "fish OreeK, away west some where, that on the 20th ult. the dull ness of their tramp was enlivened with a marriage ceremony. The writer savs: "Now you need not stare yes, a wedding here beyond where dwel lings, laws or licenses nre to be found, or any of the various "fixins" which such an occasion generally calls forth in your country. The lucky couple are Mr. Meek, our pilot and a Miss Shoonover, nn Emigrant. They had three or four days acquaintance,dunng which thev concluded upon getting up this novelty. The ceremony was done up by a preacher who is in company. When the hour arrived (lie trumpet was sounded, and we all left our vocations and gathered around the loving ones in front of the camp fire. We were strange looking assembly standing around with hats on, long beards, dirty shirts, hero and there rent breeches, deerskin moccasins.belts, pouchcs,&c, t) witness for the first time the knot tied in the wilderness. Well, soon the ceremony was over, and each went about his own business." The Fkigate Constellation. We mentioned on Saturday that the frigate Constellation, the gallant ship which won the first laurels for our infant na vy in 17S9and 1 COO under Commodore Truxton, is to be metamorphosed into a steamer, under the directions of Com modore Stockton. We learn from the Norfolk Herald that thirty feet is to be added to her length, (which will then ' be 200) and she will take on board the great Stockton gun which is no w car ried by the Princeton, and also the ono which has been manufactured in Eng land, to the order of the Navy Depart ment. The Princeton, it is ascertain ed, is toa small to carry, without detri ment, cither of these enormous engines of destruction. The Constellation, we believe, was built at Baltimore,and was universally acknowledged to be he most beautiful and perfect ship of her class in the world. I'hila. Ledger. The Crops in Michigan. The De troit Free Press, of the 16th instant, gives the following account of the har vest in that State: , "In Michigan, we nre able to say, so far as we have heard, the wheat crop was never better in quality or larger in quantity. The farmers in the western portion ol the State are already in the midst of the harvest, and in all parts they will commence in the course of this week and next. We shall have a large amount for exportation, and if the agriculturalist gets the worth of his la bor, happy will he be, and in the same proportion wiil the profits of the busi ness man bo increased. lie will sell for cash or short credit, which will en able him to meet his eastern paper promptly, and his creditor with a smi ling countenance." Money Matters. In a letter dated "Cincinnati, Ohio, July 3d, 1845," pub lished in the Alt. Vernon Democratic Banner, cf the 8th inst., we find the fol lowing, which we extract for the infor mation of our readers: "Our business, men nre very cautious about receiving the no tea of the Woos ter Bank. 1 have been informed upon excellent authority, that there is more than FIVE II UNDREDTIIOUSAND DOLLARS OF WOOSTER PAPER AFLOAT. Tell your folks to look out for a crash?" If the things here stated be true, it would be as well for the people here to be on the look out also. A crash in that quarter could not fail to have a bad effect here where there is so much of the paper of the Wooster Bank in circulation. Stark County Democrat. The Pittsburgh A rie! of Friday week, says: "The great fire in Pittsburgh oc curred on the 10th of April. Yester day corrpleted just three months since that occurrence, and on last evening,at 10 o'clock, one of the editors and the publisher of the Ariel, lighted segars from the fire which is yet burning in the cellar next door to the Eagle Ho tel, on Third street, above Market. From the appearance of this miniature volcano, it may burn another month, if not disturbed; and yet, more than half of the burnt district is rebuilt, or in progress of building." , ' (9 hereby - given that the subscriber ha been appointed and qualified .as administrator on the estate of Samuel Hicks, late of Monroe county, deceased. JAMES BROWN. July 2671845. 20 en r-ran i r nrpeprvo inn nrrt i n a ttiaa-