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INQ AT WOODSFIELD, P., - - - BY JAMES It. MORRIS. . TERMS. $1 60 per annum, If paid iir Aovxnct. $2 00 " - it paid within the year. $3 00 -" " if payment be delayed until after the expiration of the year. . . CO- No paper will be discontinued, except at the qption of toe editor, until all arrears are paid. ; CO" All communications sent by nail must be post-paid.! 1 ' Adoertitemenfi inserted at 50 cents per square, (fourteen line or less,) for the first insertion, and 26 cent for eachs uhsequent insertion. . .' ti,, , CUPID'S ARROW, ; Young Cupid went storming to Yulcan oris day r -'And besought him to look ot his arrow, Tis useless,' he cried, you must mend it, I say; 'Tisn't fit to let fly at spairow. dart. There's something that's wrong in the shaft or the For it flutters quite false to my aim; Tis an age since it fairly went home to the heart, And the world really jests at my name. 'I have straiten'd, I've bent, I've tried all I declare, . I've perfumed it with sweetest of sighs, 'Tis feather'd with ringlets my mother might wear ,;And the barb gleams with light from young eyes, But it falls without touching I'll -break it I vow, For there's Hymen beginning to pout; : Tit'i complaining his torch burns so dull and so low -That Zephyr might put it right out.' - tittle cupid went on with h is pitiful tale, i Till Vulcan the weapon restored: 'There take it, younjg sii; try it now if it fail " I will ask neither fee nor reward.' .,. . The urchin shot out, and rare havoc be made, ... .j3Jhe wounded and dead were untold; But no wonder the rogue such slaughtering made, .The arrow was laden with gold! ! -) ! ;- ORATION In Commemoration of the Life and Services of ANDREW JACKSON; DELIVERED AT THE EAST FRONT OF THE CAP ' VOL, IW THE CITT OV WASHINGTON.' " June 27, 1845, BY GEORGE BANCROFT. w The men of the American revolution are bo more. The age of creative pow er, jas passed away. The last survi ving signer of the Declaration of Inde pendence has long since left the earth. Washington lies near his own Potomac, surrounded by his family and his ser vants. Adams, the colossus of inde pendence, reposes in the modest grave yard of his nnlive region. Jell'erson sleeps on the heights of his own Mon- ticello, whence his eye overlooked his beloved V Madison, the last survivor of the men who mido our con stitution, lives only in our hearts. But who shall savthat the heroes, in whom the image of God shone most brightly, do not live forever? They were filled with the vast conceptions which called America . into beiug; they lived for those conceptions; and their deeds praise them. tir . . .1 - w e are met 10 commemorate uie virtues of one who shed his blood for our independence, took part in winning the territory and forming the early in stitutions of the West, and was imbued with nil the great ideas which consti tute the moral force of our country. On the' spot where he gave his solemn fealty to the people here, where he pledged himself before the world to freedom, to the constitution and to the laws we meet to pay our tribute to the memory of the last great name, which gathers round itself all the asso ciations that form the glory of America.. South Carolina gave a birth-place to Andrew Jackson. On its remote fron tier, far up on the forest-clad banks of tne t-atawoa, in a region wnere me settlers were just beginning to cluster, his eye first saw the light. I here his infancy sported in the ancient forests, and hjsmind was nursed to freedom by their influence. He was the youngest son of an Irish emigrant, of Scottish origin, who, two years after the great war of. Frederic of Prussia, fled to America for relief from indigence and oppression, . His birth was in 1767, at a time when the people of our land were but a body of dependent colo nists, scarcely more than two millions in number, scattered along an immense coast, with no army, or navy, or union; nnd exposed to the attempts of line- land to control America by the aid of military force. His boyhood grew up in the midst of the contest with Great Britain. The first great political truth that reached his heart, was that all men are free and equal; the first great fact that beamed on his understanding, was his country's independence. , , The strife, as it increased, came near the shades of his own upland residence. As a boy of thirteen, he witnessed the scenes of horror that accompany civil war; and when but a year older, with an elder brother, he shouldeiedhismus Itet, and went forth to strike a blow for his country. -' Joyous era for America and humani ty! -,.But for himj the. orphan boy, the events ' were full of agony and grief. .His father was1 no more. IJis eldest brother fell a victim to he war of the revolution ; (mother (his companion in arms) died, ofwounds received in their jpicaptivityj ' his mother went down tp.thegraye a.victim to grief and ef forts , to rescue, her, sons;, and when peace came, he was alone in the world, with no kindred to cherish him and lit tle, inheritance but ; his i;own:; untired powers.-.. !!! .,- .-:tot - i ;:,; - .The nation which emancipated itself from British 'rule organizes itself; the confederation gives way to the consti tution t the perfecting of that constitu "PRINCIPLES AJVD Vol. II. tion ihe grand event of the thousand years of modern history is accom plished: America exists as a people, gains unity as a government, and takes its place ns a nation among the powers of the earth. . x The next great office to be perform ed bv America, is the taking possession of the wilderness. The magnificent western valley cried Cut to the civili- zation of popular power, that it must be occupied by cultivated man. Behold, then, our orphan hero,stern ly earnest, consecrated to humanity from childhood by sorrow, having nei ther father, nor mother, nor sister, nor surviving brother, so young nnd yet so solitary, and therefore bound the more closely to collective man behold him elect for his lot to go forth and assist in laying the foundations of society in the great valley of the Mississippi. At the very time when Washington was pledging his own and future gen erations to the support of the popular institutions which were to be the light of the human race at the time when the institutions of the Old World were rocking to their centre, nnd the mighty fabric that had come down from the middle ages was falling in the adven turous Jackson, in the radiant glory and boundless hope and confident intrepid tv of twenty-one, plunged into the wil derness, crossed the great mountain barrier that divides the western waters from the Atlantic, followed the paths of the earl v hunters and fugitives, and, not content with the nearer neighbor hood to his parent State, went still fur ther nnd further to the west, till he found his home in the most beautiful region on the Cumberland. There, from the first, he was recognised as the great pioneer; under his courage, the coming emigrants were sure to find a shield. The lovers of adventure began to pour themselves into the territory, whose delicious climate and fertile soil invited the presence of social man. The hunter with his rifle nnd his axe, attended by his jvife and children; the herdsman driving the ftw cattle that were to multiply as they browsed; the cultivator of the soil all came to the inviting region. Wherever the bend ing mountains opened a pass wherev er the buffaloes and the beasts of the forest had made a trace, th"sc sons of nature, children of humanity, in the highest sentiment of personal freedom, came to occupy the beautiful wilderness whose prairies blossomed every where profusely with wild flowers whose woods in spring put to shame, by their magnificence, the cultivated gardens of man. ' And now that these unlettered fugi tives, educated only by the spirit of treed om, destitute ot dead loiter erudi tion, but sharing the living ideas of the nge, had made their homes in the West what would follow? Would they make the solitudes ot the desert excuses for licentiousness? Would the doc trines of freedom lead them to live in unorganized society, destitute of laws and fixed institutions? At a time when European society was becoming broken in pieces, scat tered, disunited, and resolved into its elements, a scene ensued in Tennessee, than which nothing more beautifully grand is recorded in the annals of the race. -These adventurers in the wilderness longed to come together in organized society. The overshadowing genius of their time inspired them with good designs, and filled them vith the coun sels of wisdom. Dwellers in the for est, freest of the free, bound in the spir it, they came up by their representa tives, on loot, on horseback, through the forest, along the streams, by the buffalo traces, by the Indian paths, by the blazed forest avenues, to meet in convention among the mountains at Knoxville, and frame for themselves a constitution, Andrew Jackson was there, the greatest man of them all modest, bold, determined, demanding nothing for himself, and shrinking from nothing that his heart approved. ; The convention came together on the eleventh day of January, 1796, and finished its work on the si th day of Februray.JIow had the wisdom of the Old World vain'y tasked itself to frame constitutions, that could, at least,be the subject of experiment; the men of Ten nessee, in less than twenty five days, perfected a fabric, which, in its essen tial forms, was to last forever. They came together, full of faith and rever ence, of love to humanitof confidence in truth; In the simplicity of wisdom, they framed their constitution, acting under higher influence than tbey were conscious of :'. i: . , -I.;.-,.' ..m!:i.T : They wrought io sad sincerity, - .) 7 ( .' , Themselves from God they could not iree, They builded better than they knew; The conscious stones to beauty grew.-,1 ' ' ; MEASURES, AJVD MEJV WHO WILL CARRY THOSE PRIMVIPLES AJVD MEASURES JJVTO EFFECT.' WOODSFIELD, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1845. In the instrument which they fram ed, they embodied their faith in God nnd in the immortal nature of man. Thev gave the right of suffrage to eve ry freeman jthey vindicated the sanctity ot reason, by giving freedom of speech and of the press; they reverenced the voire ot bod, as it speaks in the sou of man, by asserting the indefeasible right of man to worship the Infinite according nis conscience; they es tablished the freedom and equality elections; nnd they demanded from ev ery future legislator a solemn oath"ne ver to consent to any at t or thing whatever that shall have even a ten dency to lessen the rights of the peo pie. 7 These majestic lawgivers, wiser than the colons, and Lycurguses, and mi mas of the Old World these prophetic lounders ot a State, who embodied in their constitution the sublimest truthso humanity, acted without relerence to human praises. They keep no special record of their doings;they took no pains to vaunt their deedsj.and when their work was done knew not that they had finished one of the sublimest acts ever performe among men. They left no record, as to w.hose ngency was conspicuous, whose eloquence swayed, whose gen erous will predominated; nor should we know, but for tradation, confirmed by what followed among themselves. The men of Tennessee were now people; nnd they were to send forth a man to stand for them in the Congress ol the United States that avenue to glory that home of eloquence the citadel of popular power; and with one consent thev united in selecting the foremost man among their law-givers Andrew Jacison. The love of the people of Tennes see followed him to the American Con cress; and he had served but a single term, when the State of Tennessee made him one of its representatives in the American Senate, where he sat un der the auspices of Jefferson. i nus when he was scarcely more than thirty, he had guided the settle ment of the wilderness; swaved the deliberation of a people in establishing its fundamental laws; acted as the rep resentative of that people, and again as the representative of his organized State, disciplined to a knowledge of the power of the people and the power ot the States.-theassociate ot republican statesmen, the friend and companion of Jefferson. The men who framed the constitu tion of the United States,many of them, did not know the innate hie -and sell preserving energy of their work. They feared that freedom could not endure, nnrl they planned a strong government lor its protection. During his short career in Congress, Jackson showed his quiet, deeply-seated, innate, intuitive faith in human free dom, and in the institutions of freedom, lie was ever, by his votes and opinions, found among those who had confidence in humaniiv; and in the great division of minds, this child of the woodlands, this representative of forest life in the west, was found modestly and firmly on the side of freedom." It did not occur to him to doubt the right of man to the free development of his powers; it did not occur to him to place a guard ainship over the people; it did not oc cur to him to seek to give durability to popular institutions, by giving to gov ernment a strength independent of pop ular will. From the first, he was attached to the fundamental doctrines of popular power, and of the policy that favors it; and though his reverence for Washing ton surpassed his leverence for any human being, he voted against the ad dress from the House of Representa tives to Washington on his retirement, because its language appeared to sanc tion the financial policy which he be lieved hostile to republican freedom, i During his period of service in the Senate, Jackson was elected major general by the brigadiers and field offi cers; of the militia of Tennessee. Re signing his place in the Senate,he was made judge of the Supreme Court in law and! equity; such was the confidence in his integrity of purpose, his clear ness of judgment, and his rigor of will to deal iustly among the turbulent who crowded into the new settlements of Tennessee, - .-. . : (,.-, ' j iThus in the short period of nine years, Andrew Jackson was signalized by as many evidences of public esteem as could fall to the lot of man. : The pioneer of the wilderness, the defender of its stations, he was their lawgiver, the cole representative of a new peo ple' in Congress, the representative of he State in the Senate, the highest in military; command, the highest in judi cial office.' He seemed to b& recognised ' ' ' " as the first in love of liberty, the first in the science of legislation, in judg ment, and integrity-. Fond of private life, he would have resigned the iudicial office, but the whole country demanded bis service, 'Nature," they cried, "never designed mai your powers oi mougni ana inae pendence of mind should be lost in re tirerr.ent." But after a few years, re iieving himself from the cares of the bench, he gave himself to the activity and the independent life of a husband man. He carried into retirement the fame of natural intelligence, and was cherished as "a prompt, frank, and ar dent soul." His vigor of character constituted him first among all with whom he associated. A private man as he was, his name was familiarly spo ken round every hearth-stone in Ten nessee. Men loved to discuss his qual ities. All discerned his power; and when the vehemence and impetuosity of his nature were observed upon,there were not wanting those who saw. be neath the blazing fires of his genius,the solidity of his judgment. His hospitable roof sheltered the em igrant and .the pioneer; and, as they made their wny to their new homes. thev filled the mountain sides and the valleys with his praise. Connecting himself,for a season,with a man of bus:nrss, Jackson soon d is cerned the misconduct of his associ ate. It marked his character, that he insisted, himself, on paying every olili gationthat had been contracted; and, rather than endure the vassalage of debt, he instantly parted with the rich domain which his early enterprise had acquired with his own mansion with the fields which he himself had first tamed to the p'oughshare with the forest whose trees were as familiar to him as his friends and chose rather to dwell, for a time, in a rude log-cabin, in the pride of independence and in teg rity. On all great occasions, 'Jackson s in fluence was deterred to. When Jet- ferson had acquired for the country the whole of Louisiana, and there seemed some hesitancy, on the- part of Spain, to acknowledge our possession, the services of Jackson were solicited by the national administration, and were not called into full exercise, only from the peaceful termination of the inci dents that occasioned the summons. In the long series of aggressions on the freedom of the seas, and the rights of the American flag, Jackson was on1 the side of his country, and the new maritime code of republicanism. In his inland home, where the roar of the breakerswas never heard, and the mar iner was never seen, he resented the continued aggression on our commerce and on our sailors. When the continuance of wrong compelled the nation to resort to arms, Jackson, led by the instinctive knowl edge of his own greatness, yet with a modesty that would have honored the most sensitive delicacy of nature, con fessed his willingness to be employed on the Canada frontier;and it is a fact, that he aspired to the command to which Winchester was appointed. We mav ask, what would have been the re- ult, if the command ot the northwes tern army had, at the opening of the war been intrusted to a man, who.m ac tion, was ever so fortunate, that his vehement will seemed to have made destiny capitulate to his designs? The path of duty led him in another direction. Un the declaration ol war, twenty-five hundred volunteers had risen at his word to follow his standard; but,bv countermanding orders from the seat of government, the movement was without effect. A new and great danger hung over the west. The Indian tribes were to make one last effort to restore it to its solitude, and recover it for savage life. The brave ,relentless Shawnees who, from time immemoriahhad strolled from the waters of the Ohio to the rivers of Alabama were animated by Tecum seh and his brother the prophet, who poke to them as with the voice ot a Great Spirit, and roused the Creek na tion to desperate massacres. Who has not heard of their terrible deeds, when their ruthless cruelty spared neither sex norage?'when the infant and its mother the planter and his family, who had fled for refuge to the fortress, the gar rison that capitulated all wero slain, and not a vestige ot defence was left in the country? The cry of the west demanded Jackson for its defenderjand though his arm was then fractured by d ball, and hung in a sling, he placed himselfat the head of the volunteer of Tennessee, and resolved to , terminate forever the heraditary struggle.,,;'",. , j . AVho can tell the horrors of that cam paign! Who can paint rightly. the ob stacle which Jackson v overcame- No. 21. mountains, the scarcity of untenanted forests, winter, the failure of supplie from the settlements, the insubordina tion of troops, mutiny, menaces of de sertion? Who can measure the won derful power over men, by which his personal prowess and attractive ener gy drew them in midwinter from their homes, across mountains and morasses, and through trackless deserts? Who can describe the personal heroism o; Jackson, never sparing himself, beyond any of his men encountering toil and fatigue, sharingevery labor of the camp and ot the march, foremost in every danger; giving up his horse to the in valid soldier, while he himself waded through the swamps on foot? None equalled him in power of endurance; and the private soldiers, as they found rum passing them on the march,exclai' med,''he is as tough as the hickory." i es, they cried to one another, "there goes Old Hickory Who can narrate the terrible events of the double battles of Emuckla w, or theglorious victory of Tohopeka,where the anger of the General against the faltering was more appalling than the war-whoop and the rifle of the savage? Who can rihtly conceive the field of Enotochopco, where the Genera he attempted to draw the sword to cut down a flying colonel who was leading a regiment from the field, broke again the arm which was but newly knit to- (ro'thpr. nnrl. nn;Ptlv rcn ncinnr it in tho ii.v..w., T M J . . . ..... ...v sling, with his commanding voice ar rested the flight of the troop?, and him self led them back to victory? In six short months of vehement ac tioT), the most terrible Indian war in i our annals was brought to a close; the prophets were silenced; the consecra ted region of the Creek nation reduced Through scenes of blood, the avenging hero sought only the path to peace. Thus Alabama, a part of Mississippi, a part of his own Tennessee, and the highway to the r londas, were his gifts tothe Union, these were his trophies. Genius as extraordinary as military events can call forth, was summoned into action in this rapid, efficient, and most fortunately conducted war. Time would fail were 1 to track our hero down the watercourses of Alaba ma to the neighborhood of Pensacola. How he longed to plant the eagle of his country on its battlementsl lime would fail, and words be wan ,g, were I to dwell on the magical in fluence of his appearance in New Or- eans. His presence dissipated gloom and dispelled alarm; at once he chan ged the aspect of despair into a confi dence of security and a hope of acquir ing glory. Every man knows the tale of the heroic, sudden, and vet deliber ate daring which led him, on the night of the twenty-third of December, to precipitate his little army on his foes, in the thick darkness, before they grew amiliar with their encampment, scat tering dismay through veteran regi ments of England, and defeating them, and arresting their progress by a far nierior force. Who shall recount the counsels of prudence, the kindling words of elo quence, that gushed trom his lips to cheer his soldiers, his skirmishes and battles, till that eventful morning when the day at Bunker's Hili had its fulfil ment in the glorious battle of New Or leans, and American independence stood before the world in the majesty of victorious power. These were great deeds for the na tion: for himself he did a greater. Had not Jackson been renowned for the ve hement impetuosity ofhis passions, for his defiance of other s authority, and the unbending vigor of his sell-will? behold the savior of Louisiana, all gar landed with victory, viewing around him the city he had preserved, the mai dens and children whom bis heroism had protected, stand in the presence of a petty judge, who gratifies Ins woun ded vanity by an abuse of bis judicial power. Lvery breast in the crovvdel audience heaves with indignation. He, the passionate, tho impetuous he whose power was to be humbled,whose honor questioned,whose laurels tarnish ed, alone stood sublimely serene; and when the craven judge trembled and faltered, and dared not proceed, him self, the arraigned one, bade him take courage, and stood by the law even in the moment when the law was made the instrument of insult and wrong on himself at the moment of his most perfect claim to the highest civic hon ors. : . . His country, when it, grew to hold many more millions, the generation that then was coming in, has risen up to do! homage to the noble, heroism ot that hour.. . Woman, .whose feeling is al ways right, did honor from tha first to the purity, cf his heroism. . The people of Louisiana, to tho latest hour will cherish hi name as their greatest ben efuctor. . . . . ' The culture of Jackson's mind had been much promoted by his services and associations in the war. His dis cipline of himself as the chief in com mand, his intimate relations with men like Livingston, the wonderful deeds in which he bore a part, all matured his judgment and mellowed his character. Peace came with its delights; once more the country rushed forwa d in the development of its powers; on ;e more the art of industry healed the wounds t'lat war had inflicted; and from com merce and agriculture and manufac tures, wealth gushed abundantly unJer, the free activity of unrestrained enter prise. And Jackson returned to his own fields and his own pursuits, to cherish his plantation, to care lor his servants, to look after his stud, to enjoy the af fection of a most kir.d and devoted wife, whom he respected with the gentlest deference, and loved with an almost mi raculous tenderness. And there he stood, like one of the nrghtiest forest trees of his own West, vigorous and colossal, sending its sum-, mit to trie skies, and growing on its native soil in wild and inimitable mag nificence, careless of beholders. From all parts of the country he received appeals to his political ambition, and the severe modesty ol his well balan ced mind turned them all asidev Hs was happy in his farm, happy in seclu-' sion, happy in his family-, nappy within himself. ' . . . But the passions of the southern In dians were not allayed by the peace with Great Britain; and foreign cmis-', saries were still among them, to inflame and direct their malignity. Jackson was called forth by his country to res-" train the cruelty of the treacherous and unsparing Seminoles. It was in the train of the events of this war that he placed the American eagle on St. Mark's and above the ancient towers of 8t. Augustine. His deeds in that war, of themselves, form a monument to human power, to the celerity of his genius, to the creative fertility of his resources, his intuitive sagacity. As Spain, in his judgment, had committed aggression, he would have emancipated her islands; ol the Hivana, he caused the reconnaissance to be made, and, with an army of five thousand men, he stood ready to guaranty her redemp tion from colonial thraldom. But when peace was restored Jind hi office was accomplished, his physical strength sunk under the pestilential influence of the climate, and, fast yiel ding to disease, he was borne in a litter, across the swamps of Florida towards his home. It was Jackson's character" that he never solicited aid from any one; but he never forgot those who- rendered him service in the hour of need. At a time when all around him believed him near his end, his wife has tened to his side, and, by her tender ness and nursing care, her patient assi duity, and the soothing influence ofde-' voted love,withheld himfrorn the grave. He would have remained quietly at his home in repose, but that he was pri vately informed, his good name was to. be attained by some intended congres sional proceedings; he came, therefore, into the presence ot the people's repre sentatives at Washington, only to vm-. dicate his name; and, when that was aehieved,he was once more communing; with his own thoughts among the roves of the Hermitage. It was not his own ambition which ' brought him again to the public view,. The affection of Tennessee compelled him to resume a seat on the floor of the American Senate, and, after year9 of the intensest political strife, Andrew Jackson was elected President of the ! United States. Far from advancing his own preten sions, he always kept them back, and had for years repressed the solicitations of his friends to become a candidate. He felt sensibly that he was devoid of scientific culture, and little familiar ; with letters ; and he never obtruded his opinions, or preferred claims to place' But, whenever his opinion was de manded, he was always" ready to pro nounce it; and whenever his country ' invoked his services, he did not shrink J even from the station which had been 1 filled by the most cultivated men our ' nation had produced. ' 1 Behold, then, the unlettered man of; the West, the nursling of the wilds, the ' farmer of the Hermitage, little versed ( in books, unconnected by science with the tradition of the past, raised by the will of the people to the highest pinna-' cle of honor, to the central post in the? civilization of republican freedom, to ' the station where all the nations of the . earth would watch his actions where ; his words would vibrate through the " civilized world, and his spirit be the 1 moving-star to guide the nations. What ' policy will he. pursue? What wisdom:' will he bring with him from the forest?'. What rules of duty will he evo've from the oracles of his own mind? 1 i The man of the West came as thet inspired prophet oi the West: ho came , as one free from the bonds of heredit ary or established custom;, he carr.e , with no superior but conscience,no or-v acle but his native judgment, and, true t to hia origin and his education true tOj