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NEWS FROM EUROPK.
ABBIYAL OP THE BRITANNIA. - Fifteen Days Later. The 8leamship Britannia, from Liv erpool, reached Boston on Thursday, bringing intelligence fifteen days loter than that previously received. The news, on iu arrival in New York, was immediately telegraphed to this city. . Things remain very much as they were at the departure of the lust .steamer. . The Hon. Louis M'Lane, Minister : from the United States to the Court of St. James, came passenger in the Bri- lannia." , . The Cotton market has been in a quiescent state. The sales on the 18th, i at Liverpool were estimated at 6C00 .-.bales.- ! The Money market is easy, and for 'business cash can be had very readily. I .r.Tlie Produce markets are tolerabfy : active, both as regards the home and , the export trade. , Several markets have experienced - the effect of the new Tariff, which goes into operation in the United States on the first. ol December next. Iron has u! ready advanced in price: and the r woolen manufactories are firm and im proving. ; . i- here had been hequent storms and great fulls of rain, which had injured the crops severely. The accounts of the Potato crop con tinue to be disastrous. The steamer Cambria, from Boston, arrived out in 10 days and 16 hours. ; The steamerGreat Britain, from New York, arrived out in 13 days and 8 hours. In repairing her driving chains, bhe had a detention at sea of 1 8 hours. ' Pirliament was expected to rise about the 28 th of August. On the 17th, the . House of Loi ds passed the Sugar Bill. " The destitution in IrcIsnJ occupied the House of Commons on Monday. A sum has been appropriated for the employment of the poor of Ireland. The French elections have terminat ed, and great has been the success of the Guizot party. The majority in the new Chambers is expected to be one hundred, and may possibly reach over that. i The King had opened the Chambeis '- The popularity of the new Pope is said to be very great. "'' The price of Indian Corn has risen to 32s. per quarter. American Hams are sell liii at 35, to 43s. ' Lard in kegs was selling at 38 to 40s.; in bbls.; 35 to 4 8s. There is a good demand (or Beef and Pork, and late prices are fully supported. " Cheese of good quality is very scarce at Liverpool. Pared) of different quali ty have been sold at 35 to 45s. per cwt. : The new Papal tariff trakes great reductions on woollen manufactures, cotton goods, sugar and coffee. .. From the A. O. Commercial Timet, Aug. 24. Later from Mexico. Overthrow and imprisonment of Gen. Pareilet. " The eounlry pronounced in favor ol Santa Ana. Hit arrival at Vera Cruz. Through the politeness of rm emi nent commercial house, we have just been placed in possession of the follow ing most important intelligence from Mexico. The news were received by a British man-of-war, which touched at the Balize with despatches from the British minister at Mexico for his gov ernment. The purport of these despatches is, that the United otates have taken pos session of the Californias, and that the revolution in favor of Santa Ana is complete. " Ve subjoin the following letters, from which it will be perceived that ihe steamer Arab, with Santa Ana on board, was in sight off Vera Cruz on the. 16th instant. ""'". Vera Chuz, Aug. 16, 1846. Availing oui.selves of the opportunity by a British man-of-war, we have just time to state that Mexico and Pu?b!a have since also pronounced for federa tion and Santa Ana. Bra vo's govern ment, hardly established, was over thrown, and Gen. Safas has put him self at the head of the movement until Santa Ana may arrive. ' Tranquility was soon restored. Gom ez Farias aided the partisans of Santa Ana to bring about the revolution. His sons have come down here to wel come Santa Ana, who left -the Havana on the 8th m a British steamer called the .'Arab, accompanied by Almonte, Haroy Tnrriariz, Rejon and. Boves, . and thus ought to be here every day. ' Gen. Paredes was. taken a prisoner, and is kept in the citadel of Mexico. Geo. Salas has issued already a letter of convocation of Congress on the prin ciples of 1824, and the members are to assemble at Mexico on the 6th Decem ber next; ' The present conveyance carries the news of the annexation of California to the United States, received last night by express at the British consulate. fVT Vjeb Cruz, Aug, J6,,1846. "' 'jjJvicei have just been received . by express ;pf,',the. formal annexation of . California to the. United .States! and this vesscl-of-war takes ifie Dritj&timw ister's despatches to New Orleans and England. - The whole country has declared in favor of Santa Ana, "who left Havana for here in the Arab steamer, but has not yet arrived, which makes his friends rather anxious foi his safety. . V . Postscript. The Arab just in sight! From the New Orleans Picayune, Extra, Aug. 24. Arrival of Santa Aua, The British brig-of-war Daring ar rived on the Balize last evening from Vera Cruz, and two of her officers came up to town this morning with a mail and despatches. .. -t v i The steamer Arab arrived off Vera Cruz on the 16th inst., with Santa Ana on Board. He immediately placed him self at the head-of the movement in that department. The departments of Puebla and Mexico have declared for Santa Ana, and Paredes has already been taken prisoner. The revolt at the r.apitol was headed by Gen. Salas. Before Santa Ana left Havaua he took letters from Gen. Campbell to Commodore Conner, and avowed him self, in reply to some inquiries as to his intentions, as follows; "if the people of my country are for war, then 1 am with them; but I would preler peace." News have been received in Mexico that Monterey, in California, has been seized by one of the "vessels of the Pa cific squadron. Another account says that all California has yielded to the Americans. Interesting from the Gulf Squadron. We have just received the following letters from the attentive and excellent correspondents of the "Sun", in the Gulf Squadron. Tho first one is from the same gentleman who furnished us about a month since, in advance of all other sources of information, with a graphic and accurate account of the landing of the watering party and the skirmishing on shore: Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun. U. Hi. frigate Potomac, August, 10. I regret that my news is not of more importance or more encouraging at present, "but such as I have 1 send un to thee." The first and most import ant is the loss of Midshipman Pilsbury, who wis drowned from the launch of the Mississippi, she being capsized in a squall, whilst blockading off the reef, on the night of tho 26th July; one of the crew wes also drowned, and the re maining officer and men remained in the water 14 hours, when they were picked up by the Porpoise. Pilsbury was a fine, promising young man, at tentive to duty, a perfect gentleman in his manners, and entirely void of that egotism that characterizes our junior olhcers he is sincerely regretted by all who knew him. July 28. All is excitement, the squadron has weighed for Alvarado, with a pilot on board the Cumberland, but in a few hours there is a misunder standing between the Pilot and Com mander; one wishes to go one way, the other another, and the ship, I presume, to please them both, went ashore just as the commander had concluded to tack; anchors were carried out, but all to no purpose; all the water in the hole was started, and 16 of her spar deck guns were thrown overboarJ; signals were made for the Mississippi, but al though a very fast and powerful boat when started, it takes her sometime to get ready, and she did not succeed in getting the ship off until the morning of the 29th. 1 he nuns were all recov ered and moufitcdj the ship towed into deep water, and the whole squadron are anchored here, this being oft Point An tonio de Lizardo. August 2. The Princeton has just arrived, five days from Pensnola, and brings us papers, letters, &c, but noth ing new. August 3.The" Commander" wen! on board the Princeton, hoisted his broad pennant and paid a visit to the English Commander offSacnficios; he returned about 5 p. m., and a rumor that the expedition for the Alvarado was again to start, came with him; all hands are on the "qui vive," cutlasses are sharpened, small arms of every description overhauled, and every body appears elated. Thursday, 6th, The Falmouth and Somers started about 5 p. m. for Alva rado. Friday, 7th. The whole squadron weighed about 71 a. m., and followed them, but the wind being light, the steamers took the frigates in tow, and at 2 p. h., we came to off the mouth of the Alvarado river, about two miles from the beach, or perhaps more; we could see the -enemy's battery at the mouth bf the river, and about half a mile farther up an armed brig ond five schrs. were at anchor, besides two schooners just inside the bar; all of them have the Mexican flag at their peaks. There were large parties of soldiers march ing on the bills and near shore, and ap peared to bo making active prepara tions for our reception, and we feel con fident we would &t last have something to do. 5 p. m. Signal, made to fire upon the enemy, which was commenc ed by" the Princeton and Mississippi, but the distance was too great to have any effect of importance. , The frigates being farther bK, wc did not fire asshot. The gun boats used their large gun, and occasionally musketry, but with little effect, with the exception of a Mexican officer being killed by a musket shot from the Reefer. 5,30. Signal to cease firing, but about 7 p. m., the soldiers commenced a fire of musketry upon the gun boats, which was returned by them. This lasted about 15 minutes, when all was quiet, and thus we re mained all night. Saturday, 8th. All hands were ac tive at day break, and anxiously avail ing the signal for landing. (Another glorious 8th, boys, was the cry.) 6. a. m. m. Up goes the ' signal to up anchor. Hurra ! we are going in closer to protect the landing! The officers and men were all ready and anxious, and it was thought we would land about 500. The Mexicans had about 900, with the advantage of artillery, which would give us hard fighting, and perhaps defeat, but if so, we would not have felt more chagrin than we did when the signal was made for the squad ron to stand to the northward. We felt as if we were running away, for we did not leave a single vessel to blockade even. We had tho wind ahead, and our ship beat the Cumber land shamefully. Th'JS-enus ine expedition against Al varado, which has been the principal topic in the squadron for this month past. But the Commodore is a know ing one, and no doubt has his reasons for abandoning the attack. Perhaps the current was two strong in the riv- er, and he was afraid some of his men would be hurt, or perhaps he feared get ling his ship ashore; or perhaps he is waiting for those small steamers, which I think is the most likely. If the Gov ernment should decide upon attacking the Castle, he will want all his men in good order. Nobody know, nor will they, why we were recalled. All that we know is, that we went to Alvarado with two frigates, one brig, one sloop, two steamers, and three gun boats, fired a lew shot and came away again. When we arrived at Point Antonio we found tho brig Truxton last from Ha vana. The St. Mary's and Porpoise aro block.iding Vera Cruz; the John Adams, lampico; and the Liantan, Lawrence and Flirt are at Pensacola. There is a rumor from shore that Vera Cruz has pronounced in favor of Santa A na, and that he is expected here on the 14th. Ihe Commodore, it is thought, will make him prisoner if pus sible. On Monday last the Princeton went up to oacnficios and brought down 8 bullocks and 15 sheep for the squadron; so it we can t tight the Mexicans we will eat their beef and mutton. What the next move will le we cannot sur mise, but the Commodore, 1 have no doubt, will astonish us in a few days by doing something. The Truxton has sailed for Tampico. August 14th. The Mississippi is fir ing up for Pensacola. The Flirt arriv ed last night. It is rumored that San ta Ana will arrive to-day in the packet. It is thought he will not land without the consent of Commodore Conner, hut the Commodore intends stopping mm it possible. Yours, &c, R. S. From the New Orleans Commercial Times. Later From the Army. The steamship Alabama, Capt. Win die, arrived this morning from Brazos Santiago, having left on the 24th inst. She brings fifty sick and discharged volunteers. tt ui.uuiaiuuti ujui lieu iuoi iicui u from, Gen. Worth, with 2,000 men had left Camargo and proceeded seventy, five miles on the route towards Mon terey.. The brig Architect, Gray, from Bal timore, arrived at Brazos Santiago on the 24th; the U. S. revenue cutter McLane, Capt. Howard, on the 21st; cutter Legate on the 19th; steamers Greenwood and Montera, schooner Vesta sailed on the 18th; the Atlantic on the 22d, and the Edward on the 23d; all for this port. - The town of Matamoras is represent ed as being quite dull since the troops have moved forward. . We have received the following from our attentive correspondent: , Matamoras, Aug. 16, 1846. Since my last letters little of interest has taken place. Troops are still going up the rivei by land and water. Gen. Hamer, with his command, left yester day. ; This morning the light artillery companies, with ten guns, and the sec ond dragoons, took up the line of march, and two or three steamers are now at the landing filled with volunteers. The dragoon and artillery companies, with their baggage train, made a grand military spectacle. Everything indi cates some movement in a short time upon an extensive scale. From what 1 have heard of what is doing at Cam argo, the probability is, the advance of the army will leave about the 20 th instant.- t is not known here what regi mepts or corps will compose the ad vance guard; but if Gen' Worth con mands it, his favorite regiment the Qth infantry will no doubt form a part. v : .The New Orleans Picayune extra of the same da? says? ' Captain Windle reports that Gener al Worth, with 2,000 men, had left Cflmargo and proceeded 75 miles on his route towards Monterey. This re- Jiort is no doubt premature. . We have ate dates from Camargo, which repre sent that active preparations were go ing on to move at na early day. We have others, yet later, but they con tain nothing to confirm the report that General Worth had moved from Ca margo. The report probably grew out of the advance of Captain Duncan's party, mentioned in our correspon dence. . . ' ' 1 Since writing the above, we have re. ceived the American Flag of the 23d instant, which thus notices the report: From Camargo. The steamer Vir ginian reports having crossed General Worth and his command, consisting of the 8th infantry and two companies of artillery, over the San Juan river on the 19th inst. General Worth, says our informant, received orders to march to the village of China and remain there until further advised. This may or may not be so; we are inclined to be lieve that there is a little more of the may not than may. It would be hard ly Worth while for the commander of this expedition to start at all it he had tOltcp at 85 miles. A letter dated the 15th inst., from San Fernatido, announces the arrival there of the Texan regiment of mounted men three days previously, in fine health and spirits. - The late report that Capt. Godfrey rope, of the Kentucky volunteers, had been shot b) a sentinel is pronounced a fabrication. How the tax La .v opkkates BftowN County. Wo promised show the effects the present lax law would have on property when it came into full operation next year. We have collected a few more items from the Auditor's Office, to illustrate the matter. In 1845 the whole amount of taxable personal property in Brown county was $738,552. In 1046 the amount is $511,9021. Here, then, is T WO II UN DREIJ A N I) T WENT Y- S1X THOUSAND, SIX HUNDRED AND FIFTY DOLLARS AND FIF TY CENTS decrease of personal prop. etty in Brown county alone!' The real estate, it is clear, must thererefore pay not only the increased amount of taxes this year, but also the whole tax paid last year on this ,$226,6501! Here is over a QUARTER OF A MILLION taken from the duplicate of chattle property this vear and placed to that of real estate. Bui let us examine how things will work next year, under the new valua tion, i tie real estate lust year was valued at 1,215,044. This year it is valued at $3,771,255, being over three times the former valuation. ' Take the excess, then, of the present over the former valuation of lands, and the de crease of the personal property, and the figures show that the Fanners of Brown county pav on TWO MIL LIONS, SEVEN HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-TWO thousand, EIGHT HUNDRED AND SIXTY ONE DOLLA RS,Jifty cents increase! Sup posing then that -the per centage of tux levied will be but one half what it now is, or 7 mills to the dollar, Real estate will pay 19,480, while personal prop erty will pay '3,583. This is what Mr. Bebb calls "relief to the farmer." We wish somebody who believes Mr. Bebb would take these figures and prove it. Readers, save this paper. Mark ;he place. Study these figures taken from the records of your county. Bern. Standard. Synopsis of the Independent Treasury Bill. This law as passed by both Houses of Congress, provides for the appoint ment of four Assistant Treasurers, whose locations ond salaries are fixed. It also requires all receivers of public moneys to keep safely, without ex changing, loaning or depositing, with any bank, all monies coming into their handsjuntil ordered to pay them out by the proper 'officer. These officers are to execute bonds with ample security, for whatever amount of . money may come into their hands. Whenever di rected by the Post Master General, or the Secretary of the Treasury, the col lectors at New York, Boston, Charles ton, New Orleans and St. Louis, are to par over the moneys in their hands, to the Assistant Treasurers, or to the U. S. mint, orits branches. T he Secretary of, the Treasury is authorized to transfer money from one depository to another, or to the Treas ury of the United States and the Post Master General is invested with simi lar authority in respect to moneys be- ongtng to the rostUrhce Department. The Secretary of the Treasury, is au thorised to appoint special agents to ex amine the books and accounts of depos itories, and as a still further check, ht may direct Registers, Naval Officers, Directors of Mints, &c, to examine the books and accounts of Collectors, Receivers, &c.r in their respective lo cations, , . The Secretary shall not transfer the balances remaining with the. present. depositories, before the first of January next, except for the payment of public accounts. ..AH.Marshalls, district, At torneys, d,c, having monqys belonging to by this law. - y . ..'.-..,;., . e Any officer, charged with keeping c disbursing public. nioneyB.'vWho sua In.m. exchange, deposite In h bank, c in any way appropriate to his own use, nr.v monev entrusted to him, shall be deemed guilty of embezzlement, and on conviction, shall be sentencea 10 im prisonment, fornothss than six month! nr more thnn ten vears. A failure U Dav over monev. shall be considered prima facie evidence of the felony. After the first of January next, a nav'ments made to ihe Governmen shiill be in Gold and Silver, and after the first of April next nil payments made by Government, shall be in the same currency. . The salary of the assistant treasur er at New York, is fixed at $4000, and those of the same officers at Boston. Charleston, and St. Louis at. $2,500 per annum. All commissions and perquis ites are forbidden, and provision is madf for the tiuarterlv Duplication, of astute ment ol the condition of the Treasury and sun-Treasuries. viil. Advertiser, THE SPIUIT OF DEMOCRACY. EDITED BY J. R. MORRIS. WOODSFIELD, OHIO: SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 12. 1846. FOB GOVERNOR OF OHIO, DAVID TOD, of Trumbull County. for conqs.es,. XVM. KENIMM, J., of Belmont county. IW-Owineto theabenceof one of our journey men. we have been unable to devote much time lo the editorial department of our paper, this week. Tax on Town Property. We hare here tofore shown, by figures, that the tax under the new appraisement would be increased more than oSiTthirp, on the land in this county. Now to ahow who are benefited by the new law, we will exhibit its operations in Ihe town of Woodnfield. In 1845, the real property of Ihe town of W oods field paid a tax of $280 03; the appraisement was $13,660. The new appraisement is $26,606, on which a tax, at the rate of 6 mills to the dollar, of $1S9 63, will be paid. Thus it will be aen that while (he tax on farme is INCREASED ONE- THIRD, the tax on town property will be RE DUCED ALMOST ONE-HALF!! Farmers. what do you think of this? : . - Auditor .Woods Made use cf the following language, when d dressing the people of this county, on the subject of the new tax law: ul don't care who's Govern or, I am Auditor, and I will put it (the tax) on j'ou (the lanners.J The "Cadiz Sentinel" reports Auditor Woods as having uttered such sentiments as the following, in his address to the people of Harrison : 'In passing over the country he frequently heard the groans and winnings of tax payers in consequence of the new law- he loved to hear it, it gave him pleasure their cries were mu sic in his ears ! ! ' ' The "Sentinel" adds: "Such sentiments are in sulting to the good sense of every tax-payer of the county. "He loved to hear them whine," "their groans gave him pleasure," and "their cries were music to his ears!" And this too from au officer of Ihe State who is fed from the public crib, and who asiled to fasten this British law upon the people of Ohio! Such expressions will awaken a storm in October next, that will hurl these federal vampires from the stations they to unworthily fill, and mete out to the iratnera ot the law the deep oblivion they have so richly merited." Democrats of Monroe county! are you willing to vote for men who glory in hearing you 'groan under the oppressions of the new tax law? If you are, cast your votes ior VVm. Bebb, and the balance of the whig ticket. ' . .':' 0c?-We copy the following article for the benefit of Mr. Cowen, the whig candidate for Congress in this district, By the way, is it true that Mr. Cowen, while in Congress, voted tu give the whig printers to Con gress 49 thousand dollars more than they agreed to do the work for? Yet ! Is it true that Mr. Cowen voted for and against the Bankrupt law? It it true that he votedor and against t duty or tax on tea Kiid coffee? b it true, that while in the Ohio fegislature, he at first opputed by speeches, and af terwards voted for the new tax law? Tea! Has Mr. Cowen been on all tides of all questions? Ask the abolitionists. . ... ... , . . ' : From the Cincinnati Advertiser. The Public Debt Who is re sponsible for its increase? In the brief and hurried notice which we took of the speech of Mr. Bxbb, at the Fifth street Mar ket, we alluded to the charge which be broadly made; that-the democratic party. of the State have created, or at least largely increased, the public debt We taid then that we should recur to this point, but have not bad leisure to do to. A recent umber of the Ohio State Journal contains an ad dress of B. S. Cowen, late a Representative from Belmont County, In which thit charge is again put forth, and lo substantiation thereof Mr. C. present a table showing the condition ol the public debt in 1836, and each succeeding year up to 1845. During thit time the democrats possessed the pow er in the Legislature, up to 1812, except the see tioot resulting from the election of 1837 and 1840; and within the tame time torn fourteen million of dollars weie added to the debt of the State. - All thit amount it charged, by the whig leaders, at paity measure, upon tb democratic party; even lo th $600,000, which in a tingle year waa tunk, hj whig fund eoromiseiontrii ia telling stock t t5 the United States, are directed deposite with the'pfficers, created fifty cent on the dollar, Tbitcour of election eering it the lowest nd basest specie of de. gogueism to which ever, the whig preebv re sorted. Taken in the eD in which it i'inlend eo it Ii utterly tnd totally false, and the author and retailers of the falsehood know it to be suck. Th. fact i established by th Journal ofth Gen eral Assembly, that there has never been a party volt, or any thing approximating to one.oponUie construction ol any work of public improvement, involving an increase of th.SUtdeb,t. ,y V'ii ? V But let us put thl electioneering charge to ft plain and simple test The great Ohio canal the Miami canal to Piqua, involved the State in a debt of something like six millions of dollar, beside exhausting the fairest portion of the targe grant of land mad by Congress to lid in their construc tion. At the estion of 1836-'7, the Legislature ordered the purchase and completion of Ihe War ren county canal, the' completion of the Miami Canal, the construction of the Wabah tnd Erie canal, the Hocking canal, (be Walbonding ca nal, the Muskingum Improvement, and Ihe im. provemeot of the navigation of Will Creek. .At the next tession the Turnpike tct, better known as ihe Plunder Law, was passed. During both these sessions the democratic party, It ia true, had majorities in both Houses; but it it Dot true that either of these billt wat parsed by party votes, or that either of them could have patted without J J. .-1' L Jl j lf. incuilt mewing vuicw wiwn tncy uctwuty TV. ceived. W -propose to puttbit assertion to the test of the Journals; and to save space, we present the vote on each ol these measures, in Senate and House, in ft tabular form. In doing thit, as we are compelled to rely upon our recollections a lo the politic of the members, we may be (lightly incorrect, but such error, if it exist, cannot vary the statement more lhau one or two votes. Her it ia : . .. Senate. I House. Miami Extension canal Yeat A'aysl Yeas JYays ... uemocrai ...... ia ' i Whigs - - - 18 - 2 Warren county canal Democrats - - r " 11 - 8 Whig 15 0 Hocking canal Democrats - - - - - - 11. 8 Whigs ........ 11 ' . 8 Walhonding cnnal - ' ' .' Democrat - -- -- -13 4 Whig 6 8 81 9 18 80 18 27 18 25 17 80 19 18 18 27 28 II . 2 IS 2 a a 4 IS . 22 8 ' 7 6 Mutkingum Improvement Uemocrat ..----n a Whigs---' 12 8 Willi creek Navigation Democrats ...... 9 8' Whigs - - 8 " 6 Turnpike Act . . . - j Democrat ---- 18 ' 8 Whie - - 8 4 Thi table furnishes a full and complete refutft- tton of the statement of Air. Bebb ana tne ngure of Mr. Cowen; and will show the people tht base character ol the imposition which the whig leader would palm upon them. It will be teen: 1st. Thit not one of these measure received any thing like the entire vote of the democra:io members: . ' ' . ' " . 2d. That neither of them bad a sufficient num ber of democratic vote to past it through either House: : v - ; 8d. That except Ihe Walhonding, canal, in th Si.nAfA .vmv hill hjft m mutnrirv nfhilll narttM in J j. ..j r each House; and . . . . . 7. 4th That savin the tame exception, the nega tive whig vote throughout It to very small, a to almost entitle the whig vote to be railed the act of llm nartv tn the affirmative. . Thus of 9.7 whia .... r...J - .. -...m votes cast, on the Miami Extension canal, there are but 6 in toe negative. : Of 8a upon the Warren county canal, but 2 in th negative. Of 84 upon the Hocking canal, but 5 in tho negative. Of 40' on the Muskingum Improvement, but 9 in the neg ative. Of 31 upon Will Creek Improvement, but 8 in the negative. And of 46 upon the Turn pike act, but 10 in the negative. And yet with the record thus staring them in the face, Messrs, Bebb and Cowen have the effrontery to charge the increase of the public debt,, arising from tho undei taking and cousti action of these workt, upon , the democratic party. Demagoguebm wat never more barefaced; falsehood uever more unblushing- i - . .For th Spirit of Democracy. Ms. Editor: According to our arrangement the first topic, for consideration, i the kingly and imperial power of taxation possessed by one tingle individual in the Slate of Ohio" It not such an in stitution most anomalous in a Representative Re public? A little consideration will serve lo (how that it tt a mischievous as it Is irregular and anom- . alous. ' A little more than twenty vear ago. when the State government determined tu invade the province of individual and social man, to com mence speculator, la hire lab Diet and deal with contractors, It also determined to borrow immense turns of money. An arrangement wat accordingly made by Act of Assembly, surrendering to the State Auditor the power and authority theretofore possessed by that body, to levy taxes on tb prop. - erty of the People, sufficient to pay the interest on the ttate debt and to tupport the public credit Thi system it twenty-one year old and after all ourim- mense sacrifice, our public debt I nearly twenty- one million of dollars!!! A practical comment, ry on thi beautiful institution!! ' The first ques tion that (trike the mind it, whether such an ar rangement can possibly be constitutional? It it . competent to the Assembly to delegate the taxing power in pepetuity? .Suppose that soon alter the formation of the constitution tome politician' bad ; objected, that according to it provision aome weak or w icked General Assembly might vol ft way the taxing power from themselves and their uc cessork, and vest it perpetually in (ingle officer? Would not the member of the convention have arisen up as one man, to deny that that ihstrumeoj wasjustiy naoie to eucb an odious imputation? - . The Heathen Godt had each mythot, a particv ular attribute, peculiar glory. Thut Mara, wat '' the God of War, Neptune of the Ocean; Minervft was the Goddest of WitdonJ yenut of Beauty; while Jupiter was the sovereign monarch alike of God and men. What then it the mythot, the pe culiar, the special attiibute of (hit enactment? Three worde will disclose concealment, fraud, ' teertev. It separate things that ouchl never to be separated the duty of providing the way nd mean irom the function of making appropriation. By thi mean it often happen that though the General Assembly ha mad the most extravagant appropriation, yet no act of their informs the Pwh p!e of the additional burthen that is about to he im, posed upon them. . .The general law contain no, '' Information upon the subject, but ft silent ukase (teal round lo the County Auditors ordering an. IncreaM ol taxation... Hence H hu sometimes bap. peoed that men, who in reality deserved the exe-