Newspaper Page Text
: . ? .? .v.---'..V' -Uy ' ;; ,r .". '
mmm mmrnhm'' y .1 W 4 'fit- - -; ..' - - " cz - SPIRIT ; OF-DEMOCRACY, ''SAO. R.MOKRI3, PROPRIETOR. WOODSFIELD,.OinOMARCH 18, 1848. FOR PRESIDENT, L.EWIS CASS, Bubject to tht decision of a National Convention, ' ''- FOR GOVERNOR, JOHN B. WELLER, OF. BUTLER COUNTT. ELECT RAI, ticket. '. SENATORIAL ELECTORS. 1. Grand Byington, of Pike county. Samuel Starkweather, of Cuyahoga. ,:. DISTRICT ELECTORS. 1 District, John Snyder, Hamilton. 2d George Kealing. Warren. ti ' Francia A. Cunningham, Preble. 4th G. Volney Doraey, Miami. : 8th ' r Charles M. Godfrey, Putnam. 8th " Samuel Myera, Crawford. 7th ', " John W. Bell, Highland. ' 8th ' Daniel Cockerill, Adams. 8lh Samuel Diffen derfer, Pickaway. 10th " Theodore Carpenter, Delaware. 11th Daniel J. Swinney, Richland. 11th Lewis Anderson, Lawrence. -' 18th . " John Lkdey, Perry. 14th Will'um Lawrence, Guernsey. 18th William C. Walton, Monroe. 16th Joseph Burns, Coshocton. ' 17th " Win. McDonald, Jefferson. 18th David A. Starkweather, Stark. 19th " Joel B. Buttles, Trumbull. JOth " Henry B. Payne, Cuyahoga. list Abijah Ives, Huron. Central Committee Meeting. Jas. R. MoRRts Please announce that the Democratic Central Committee ol Vigilance for Monroe county, will meet at the Counting Room of the office of the Spirit of Democracy, on Mon day the 10th day of April next, at 1 o'clock, p. m, Your.,&c, JAS. M. STOUT, i One of said committee, fevThe Committee consists of Arthur Smyth Joseph Caldwell, Cornelius Okey, Israel D.Riley, Christian Vockev. James M. Stout, and Tbomu Mitchell, Jr. . ; Destruction of Steamboats. ' We noticed, last week, the destruction, by fir of the steamboats Circassian, Hendrick Hudson and Trenton at the wharf at Cincinnati. From a Telegraphic Despatch to the Pittsburgh Commer cial Journal, dated St.Louis, Saturday, March 11 wa learn that at "about 12 o'clock on Friday night fire broke out on board the steamer Avalanche at tha wharf in that city, and the flames, extending .ith nt raDiditv. could not be arrested unti three other steamers.'Hibernian, John J.Hardin and Leclede, and two freight bargs, were con turned. The lost el the boats is estimated at Fifty Thousand Dollars. Loss on cargo Twenty Thou and. There was insurance of Six Thousand Do! lart on the" Hardin, the others are known to be partially insured. 'The steamers Eudora and Charter Oak were averal timet on fire during the conflagration, and barely escaped destruction." The Editor of the Commercial Journal says: "Three of these steamerj, the Aval; n he, John J. Hardin, and Hebeinian, were built in this city Pittsburgh the Laclede at St. Louis, but all ex cept the Avalanche were awned in St. Louis; the Avalanche inPittsburgh. It is understood that the owners of the A. were fully covered by insurance. The Avalanche was but ten months old, the Har din and .Laclede were alto, comparatively new boats, the Hibernian, was an old boat. - Frnm the same DaDer we also learn that the steamer Swatara was run into by the steamer Ya loo, on Friday morning the 10th inst., at Dog Tooth Bend. Mississippi river. The Swatara sunk 'immediately to her main deck. Cargo total loss. ' A later despatch says that the Avalanche had just arrived from Pittsburgh with 200 boxes of dry goods on board, which were nearlyjall destroyed. Gen. Scakry Ford. - Wf promised to give our readets, in this week's paper, the transactions of General Seabury i erd in the runnel trade, should we be furnished with a history ofhn life, in time. Having failed to re. ceive a full snl cimplete biojripfiy, our readers mutt be content, for a while, with so much of hit life as will be found in the article headed "Seabury Fnrd.Our Soldiers." In the meantime we can rive some of our own surmises upon the subject. We notice, in a number of our exchanges, that (ha General hat received an additional title that of"picayunej" and that he is now familiarly known at "picayune" Ford. Whenever the Gen. oral makes his appearance in any of the towns on tha Reseive, his arrival it heralded by th a expre- lv phrase : i i "Picayune Ford has come to town !" . Now we have worked upon our imagination in order to ascertain the origin of this additional title, and have come to the following conclusion which waaubmtta perfectly legitimate: Greiner, the Slat Librarian, informs us that the General twal lowt thoutandsof skippert both bod and breech tt! Now from this we inter that the General mutt be pretty extensively engaged in the cheese . business, otherwise known as the runnel trade. That is: the General, in his perambulations over tha Baserve-conceives it to be his duty to have an ye to "the main chance," and consequently car ries in his "poke" a few runnets, to dispose of to ' " the numerous purchasers in Cbeesedom. But in atato to make a "fip,"he very scientifically "dis sect" or split each one of his articles or stock in trad into two or more pieces, thereby realizing a picayune" through bis superior scientific knowl edge. , Therefore, in bis peregrinations he bas ac- " quired tha dignified title of "Picayune" Ford, and v hi arrival it now heralded, ', "Picayune Ford ha come to town I" Tn Uwioh Maoazwi! The March No. ot f f7. of this axcelleot monthly is just received. It con i tains, as wual, a rich variety in pros and poetry .1 from the pen of Mr. Kirklaqd,(ditor;)Mn.Em- pury. nnn vhwi .'" - fiimtM, Orion, Po and other. The engraving art two steel, a fashion plat, and eight wood en graviop, in illustration of tha content. "Step i Ruin," and "Pardoned" ar admirable speci BMMOf art .:' -', I ,"'.,-. 'K?;-- , O By reference to an article in another cot uma of to-day paper, from the Washington Un ion, our reader will se that the treaty ha been ratified by , toU of 88 Jo IS. ; ? ' . - ' Forth Spirit of Democracy, To tie People of OWo. .. FELLOW ClTltBRs: ; You have, are now, heard of the loss of tha Convention bill. Tbis result was most unexpected. When the Senate rejected the resolution to meet th House, in order to vote up on the subject in one joint body, we had gloomy anorehensions, it is true, for we then hoped ir help from the House of Representatives. But when we discovered our strength in the senate, our apprehensions vanished. The public agita. tion of this subject was commenced in the annual message of Governor Shannon in December, 1843. That portion of the message relative to this sub ject, was, in the House of Representatives, re ferred to the Judiciary Committee, of which tne ubscriber was a member. As it met but a cold reception from the Committee, and as it was eml nently proper that some person, who might be sup posed to possess the confidence of our then Gov' ernor, should move in the matter, the subscriber introduced into the House, the first bill on the sub ject. But animosity, strife and taction reigned in the House during the entire session, and the meas ur failed. But from that day to this the struggle has been continued and strenuous. We have fought the battle, though we have missed the victdrj. But we have missed it only by a hair's breadth A little mor generous confidence in the virtue, intelligence and integrity of the People, and in their capacity for self government, warming the hraii of three reDresentatives. would have crowned our labors with cumolete success. We had twenty-four Senators and forty-five Represen tatives in favor of tha measure, being two-thirds of the Senate and only three less than two-thirds of the House. It is painful to have the cup of success dashed from the lips. The day on which this great measure passed th Senate, was the most cheerful and joyous in a life-time; the day on which it failed in the House was sad and gloomy in the extreme. We felt like a settler, in th for est, who has toiled all winter and until late in the spring, and has prepared his rails to protect crop, then sees the fire come down from the hills and consume them in a night!! But the men who are engaged in promoting this great work oi hu man happiness and human progress, are not the men to sit dnwn and fold their hands in dlscourag ment and despair. When the fabric, which our hands have reared, is torn to pieces by the tempest and scattered to the winds, w will instantly be. gin to re-collect the materials. Only one thingcan stop our exertions; convince us of error. Let th opponents of improvement and advancement show us that the reformation which we propose will not promote the happiness of the People. Our tongues will then cleave to the roofs of our mouths. Our hands will not write another word!! Letfthem bring forward their strong arguments arguments they have no arguments!!! The subscriber hu listened to every thing of the kind, which has ever been advanced. It is admitted on all hands that our old constitution is fatally and irretrievably de fective. It is admitted that a constitution, which was prepared for a State consisting of nine coun ties, with a smaller population than this Senatorial district, is utterly unsuited tn the wants and ne cessitiet of a great State, containing eighty-five counties.and more than two millions of people. It is admitted that our Supreme Court is utterly incap able of administering justice, from the impossibili ty of lour men performing the amount of labor re quired of them. It is admitted that we are labor ing under the pressure of acknowledged evils But the ghosts of anarchy, and confusion, and Ja cobinism, and agrarianism, and discord, and civil strife, are conjured up, and made to walk across the stage, like raw-head and bloody-bones, to frighten men from their purposes. This now free and happy land is to be invaded by a host of de mons if ever the people at large shall be called on to vote on the amendment of their organic laws. What is this but to surrender at once the cause of popular government. Here are grievances, here are evils, according to these men, but neither vir tue, nor wisdom, nor patriotism enough to pro vide a remedy. No superior force, no oppression from without, but merely vice, ignorance and weakness within, compel us to tread the down hill path of degradation!!! Men ot Ohio, believe not these prophets of ruin. They repose slight confidence in you. Repose slight confidence in them. Bestow your confi. dence on your friends, your advocates, your de voted champions; on the men who have un flinching, unwavering confidence in you. Trust us for once and see if we abuse that trust. Give us the power and we will construct a better consti tulion than the present We will provide a reme dy for those abuses in the financial system, which have been so hurtful for the last twenty-three years. We will construct a Supreme court, calm and patient in hearing, mild and firm in decision, and whose judgments will carry along with them such a moral lorce as t render physical force al most unnecessary for the execution ot the laws. We will give greater stability and firmness to the administration of justice by a popular election of the Judges. For it stands to reason that a judge, who cannot be displaced except by the concurrent wills of twelve or thirteen thousand men, will have less to fear from a resolute discharge of hi duty than one, who may be displaced by the caprice or prejudice of two or three men, in or near the Gen eral Assembly. We will give greater stability to our laws by dispensing with one half the sessions of the General Assembly. Instead of the mer nominal Executive, who now presides over our affairs without sufficient power to ba useful, we will provide an officer.whose powers, will be more adequate to the due discharge of his duties. Thi is eminently proper.for as th Representatives and Senator must forever be chosen by counties and districts, the Governor who is chosen by general ticket, ought to have some real weight in our sys tem and not be reduced to a mere shadow as at present Soo of th worst vils of our ioslitu tion would thut find a calm, a peaceful and a con stitutional remedy. . . ' Give ut th power wf say, not for the gratifies tion of our own wills or wuhes.for we have neither will nor wishes in the matter, except a fellow cit izen and member of thi great Commonwealth, but in order that your organic! Institutions may be conformed to th light of th are. " We there for entreat you to cashier from your tervice the men, who have rendered all our effort abortive, for we can do nothing while we are clogged with a tmall, factions and most obstinate minority, con- fisting of very little more than a third of tha As sembly. , , ' ' . ' ' ' Perhaps some of the foregoing suggestion may not meet the view of all (he trisnd of unproremeat It is right to b frank and candid with Irlend k lei- low ciliaeos. It is right therefore to declare our opin ion and compare note with each other. But no obstinate or bigoted attachment to particular doc trines will be indulged, if we can only get rid of the intolerable grievance under which we labor. The Patriarchs Abraham and Lot grew rich in flock and herds; and strife sprang up amongst their herdmen "Then Abraham said unto Lot 'Sep arate thyself I pray thee from me. - If thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right, or il thou wilt depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left. Let there be no strife I pray thee be. tween me and thee; nor between my herdmen and thy herdmen." For why?fot tha most endear ing reason in th world "we are Brethren.' Evsiy friend of the People, every advocate of a superior and better order oi things shall be accept ed in our ranks,as a worthy Brother, an tpprov. ed co-laborer in the great, good cause of public progress and public happiness. We will fight the battle; we will win the victory; and then we will settle the details in such a spirit of fraternal kind' nets and concession will leave no portion of the people, no section ef the State any just cause of complaint. Tbis number is longer than was in tended. Most Respectfully, &c, EDWARD ARCHBOLD Woodifield, March 10,1848. No. II. Items. The Democratic State Convention of Pennsylvania, nominated Hon. Jas Buchanan Tor President. Gen. Cass was the second choice of the Conven tion. The lids for the five million loan were opened on the 8th inst., by the Secretary of the Treasury. The totn premium paid therelor was sixty-five thousand dollars. This does not look like the treasury being bankrupt, as the whigs sny. The total amount of bids offered lor the five millions, amounted to seventeen millions of dollars! Mrs. Chase, relict of Samuel Chase one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, died in Baltimore, on the 2d inst., aged 93 years. The last Legislature of this State es tablished two new countiev Auglaize and Morrow. Auglaize is formed out of parts of Allen and Mercer counties. It is thought the old Indian town called wapaughkonnelU will be the county seat. Morrow is formed out of parts of Crawford, Knox, Uichland.Delaware and .Marian, with the county seat at Ml. uileaJ, as is supposed. The democrats elected their Jiayor and seven out of nine councilmen, at the late charter election, in Cleveland. Thi is the first gun for Weller. The remains of ex-President Adams havn been conveyed to their final rest ing place, at Quincy .Massachusetts. Ihe processions formed at the various cities, through which the remains pass ed, were grand and imposing. The latest news we have seen, from Afexico.is that Santa Anna has deman ded and received from his Government a passport to leave the country, and that the passport was countersigned by Gen. Scott. If, as the whigs say, Santa Anna was rolked into Mexico, he now goes out Scotl-ftee. me Illinois election nas resulted in the adoption of the new State Consti tution by a large minority. The democrats of the Massachusetts legislature have nominated Hon. Levi Woodbury for President. Ihe Baltimore bun, of Saturday last says: "Ihe recent .European intelli gence is net looked upon as unfavorable to the tobacco market, and has tended to lessen the inquiry for shipment. The nev crop arriving from Ohio is of superior quality, and brings good pricesi Ohio, good common $2 75 to $3: red 4 to $10; spangled 4 to $10; yellow 6 to SI 2. Gen. Pillow has been the subject of the most abusive articles from the whig press, ever since his entering the ser vice, tie was charged as being the author of a letter to one of the New Orleans papers, in which he was prais ed for his gajlantry, before the city of Mexico. Un suspicion of being the author, he was placed under arrest by Gen. Scott. The real author of the let- er Mai. Burns comes out and avows himself the author, and alleges that Gen. Pillow knew nothing of the letter until it was published. 1 his kills some more whig thunder. "M'Makin's Model American Cou rier" has been received at this office and fully equals our expectations. The total population of Texas, as re ported by the Secretary of State to the Legislature, is 156,553. Flour in Pittsburgh is $4 50 per bar rel. Wheat 90 cents per bushel; Corn 37; Oats 25. C . The ordering of a Court of Inquiry to investigate the charges preferred against Gen. Scott, by Gen. Worth, is saidby" the letter writers, to have caused some excitement in the army. What other course could the Government have pur sued, when charge were preferred and an investigation demnridedf . ; : As life is short :, and uncertain, and its pleasures . intermingled with pains and sorrows.' it is absurd to make . it the sols object of your thoughts and pUrSUltl. "-'.' J'piry1- I' Tl .;v.-.- I The Treaty Ratified by the Senate. v i Friday JNight, 10 o clock. The Senate; adjourned, to-night, a few minutes past 0 o'clock, alter a ses sion in closed doors of nine hours. The labors of the Senate have been very se vere for several days. We congratulate the country on the result of their deliberations. The trea ty has been ratified, il is understood, by a vole of 38 to' 15 three Senators, of course, being absent. The constitution provides that "He (the President) shall , have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur. V this treaty is, therefore, ratified by more than the constitutional majority ot two-thirds. It is also understood that the votes both of the majority and minority are made up of both political parties. It is said that the original treaty has been ratified with some modifications as proposed by the Presideri!,and adopt ed by the Senate. The seal of secrecy has not been re moved; and, in fact, 'we do not under stand that any proposition was made to that effect. Il cannot, therefore, be expected that we should at this time enter into anv specifications of the precise modifications that have been adopted, or of the names of the Sena tors who voted in the affirmative or negative. It is presumed, however, that the boundary line, as said to have been originally specified by the treaty, or the amount ot the money to be paid, has not been changed bv these modifi cations. We congratulate the country upon the result as furnishing some hope and some augury of the restoration of peace. We trust that the Mexican government will not be so blind to the true interests of both countries, as to refuse its final ratification of the treaty. now about to be sent back to them. We have obtained glory enough by our valor. We shall rejoice il the blessings of pence shall now succeed to the clash of arms. We shall wait, oi course, with some anxiety for the decision of the President and Congress of Mexico. We presume that intelligence of the general result will be immediately forwarded by a special express to our commanding of- ficei in Mexico to be followed,nssoon as possible by an authentic copy of the ratified treaty, and with accompanying instructions. We trust that all the objections, and all the idle clamors which have been rai sed against the views of the administra tion, will now disappear. The Presi dent promptly and wisely waived all un necessary objections to the irregularity of the manner in which the treaty was formed. The sanction which it has re ceived from the President and the Com missioners of Mexico stamps it as their official act. ihe ratification which it receives from the Senate of the United States cures all the informality with which it was made on the other side. What becomes, now, of the doubts which were once expressed of the Pres ident s desire for pkace? And what becomes of the doubts which were en tertained of the sincerity of his declara tions, that he had no desire to extin guish the nationality of Mexico. . Ihe senate have adjourned orer till Tuesday next, for the purpose ot enjoying sonm relaxation after the se vere labors Washington Union. From the Mt. Vernon Banner. Seatury Ford Onr Soldiers. When men are candidates for public favor, it sometimes becomes necessary to take a retrospective glance at their public acts and political history, in or der to determine whether they are en. titled to the respect, confidence and support which they claim at the hands of a free, enlightened, sovereign and in dependent people. It is fur this pur pose that we now advert to the politi- cal history and legislative acts of the great standard bearer of federalism in Ohio, whost name stands at the head of this at tide. From the position he now occupies, they have of necessity become public property, and it is the right and duty of the public to know all about his political principles as well as his position touching all great questions of Rational and State policy. To deny this right would be to strike a death blow at the very foundation of civil lib erty, and require the people to vote for men for the highest office in their gift, without knowing aught about either their qualifications or the principles which would govern thern ri the ad ministration ofourpublifl-afTairs. Claim ing the rights of ffecitizens of a free State, we spread" before the public the legislative -acts ei mr. rorain me sen ate pOliio, injhe year 1847, upon the Rowing proposition with reference to the pay of our soldiers, their widows and orphans: v. .'.' t . Mr. Reemelin moved to take up Sen ate joint resolution in favor of soldiers and the widows of soldiers of the Mex ican war; which was agreed to. ' ; i Mr. Thornhill moved to strike nut all after the preamble, and insert the ; fol lowingwhich' being accepted by the mover oi the resolutions were then a- greed io. .a ,-Ji'-' " m! ''.M.-rc:- .; futoiwa py m$ venerat, Msmoiy oj tht State of Ohio, That our Senators in Congress be Instructed , and our Repre sentatives be requested to use their in fluence to obtain the passage of a law of Congress, giving to each American soldier who has been or may be engag ed in the Mexican war, one hundred and sixty acres of land, and ten dollars Eer month, for such time as they may e engaged in the service; and entitling the widows of those who have died in said service, to such pension as maybe compatible with our national honor,and adequate to the supportof such widows and orphan children. Resolved, That the Governor of Ohio be and is hereby requested to transmit forthwith, copies of this preamble and these resolutions, to each of our feena tors and Representatives aforesaid. Mr. Thornhill moved further to a mend by striking out the preamble, and insert the following: "Whereas, by the acts of the govern ment of Mexico, war exists between that Republic and the United States; and whereas, the war was forced upon us by the Mexicans in violation of their plighted faith, and solemn treaty stipu lations and after great forbearance, and repealed efforts on the part ol our gov ernment, for peace and amitv: and, whereas, by a long course of robbery and piracy upon the part of Mexicans towards our citizens, ample and josl cause of war has long existed on the part of our government towards Mexi co; and, whereas; in a government like ours a government almost destitute of anv standing armv our national de fence and national honor must be de fended and preserved by the strong arms and stout hearts of our citizen soldiers; and whereas, we have beheld with ndmiralion our citizen, thousands upon thousands, leave their farms and workshops, and peaceful avocations, and rush with promptness and enthusi asm to the tenled fields, arid peril their lives and shed their blood in the just and righteous cause ol their country ; and whereas, manv of these citizen sol diers have been slain in battle, nnd oth ers wounded and disabled, leaving des titute widows and dependant families; therefore," Upon which question, Mr. Perkins demanded the yeas and navs, which were ordered and resulted veas 17, nays 16, as follows: Yeas Messrs. Cronise, Edgerton, Ewing, Graham, Ilurte, King, Mackall, Marlin of Columbiana, Reid, Reemelin, Spindler, Thornhill, Utter, Wheeler, Wtlford, Winegarnerand Speaker 17 Nays-Messrs. Bean,Beaver,Coombs, Ecklcy, FORD, Gaddard, Hastings, Hopkins, Johnson, Lewis, Medeira, Martin of Fayette, Perkins, Stutson, Welch and Wilson-16. So the motion was agreed to. The question then being upon agree ing to the preamble, Mr. Welch deman ded the yeas and nays, which were or dered and resulted yeas 17, nays 16, as follows: Yeas Messrs. Cronise, Edgerton, Ewing, Graham, Hnrle, king, Mackall, Martin of Columbiana, Reid, Reemelin, Spindler, Thornhill, Utler, Wheeler, Wilford. Winegarnerand Speaker 17. Nays-Messrs. Bean,Beaver,Coombs, Eckley, t UKV, UodJard, Hastings, Hopkins, Johnson, Lewis, Medeira, Martin of Fayette, Perkins, Stutson, Welch and Wilson 16. So the question was rmied, and the preamble agreed to. oee menace Jour- nals 046-7, pages 58-9. The hostility of Senator Ford, (now the standard bearer of Ohio federalism,) to the rights and Interests ot our brave soldiers, their widows and helpless or phans, is so striking and apt an illustra tion of the principles that would govern his gubernatorial career, should the people of Ohio be cursed with the ex treme misfortune of this elevation to the Chief Magistracy of our Stale, that il becomes the duty of every lever ot his country to exert his best influence to defeat the unholy league of ambition that is thus seeking to elevate him to power and place. What! elect a man governor of a great State, who refused to pa the war worn soldiers who had perilled their all lopresei ve untarnished the fair escutcheon of our country honor? Ay, refused to make provision even for the widowed wives and help less children! Is this the man that now calls upon the freemen of Ohio for sup port claiming their suffrages for the highest office in their gift? Is this the man. who not only refused the soldiers their pay, but, with Senator Coi win, in the true spirit oi Mexican assassins with' bloody hands would welcome them to hospitable gravest Will the people of Ohio east their suffrages for man who would thus, violate the rights of hospitality, by denying to the sol diers their pav, and to their ' widows and orphans the common charities of lifel Will they support Seabury Ford lor Governor of Ohio, in preference to Col. John B. Weller, who was fighting me on-. yes oi nis country, ana winning lor nimseii, and lor his compatriots ' in arms, a name' as imperishable - as time, wfntff beabury Ford was giving aid and comfort to Jho common enemy, by re fusing to pay the poor soldier his month ly pittance? Let the people of Ohio reflect upon these things, and as thev love their country and her glorious in stitutions, let them rally for the coming strife,' and eii "-thfiStfcondJ Tuesday of October nfttsijstafrf ;ih' than wbo'tiaa gloriously sustained, his country in the hour of her peril, and drive the canting minion of . despotism to his native, haunts, ' v.'i ' ' Congressional ! MoNDATf March 6. -In the Senatt, to-day, Mr; Dickinson rose, as sooa as the journal was read, to correct a state.. ment which had been published of the ; character of the resolutions which; htv-V;.g had presented from the mass meetinf at ' ; Saratoga. !? It had been erroneously re -y4' ported that these resolutions were a .iC; gainst the war, whereas ; they were io,'-- favor of sustaining it. V- - VJ y :-.'- J-"'-i On motion of Mr. Davis, of Miss., . ,v Resolved, That the Committee on the :J-fy Library be instructed to inquire, into ''J'f.y the the expediency of subscribing for'?i)ik copies of the battle-fields and route-1 of operations of Gen. Scott in the val ley of Mexico, drawn by Capl. McClel' Ian, of tlie topographical engineers of the United States army.'' : Mr. Benton presented the petition -iv of sundry practical printers of this city, praying that Congress would establish, ' ;i and sustain, under its control, a public press. ' v ., -m ' ''.v?-'; The memorial was ordered te be printed, and referred to the Committee on Printing. In the House, Mr. Samuel A. Bridges, v." elected in the sixth district of the Slate -y of Pennsylvania, to fill the vacancy oc . casioned by the death of Mr. Hornbeck, appeared, was sworn, nnd took his seat - The bill to relieve the Judges of ihe Supreme Court from presiding on their circuits was then taken up and W considered Mr. J. R.- Ingersoll sup; porting, and Mr. Bowlin opposing the '-v bill in speeches of an hour each., ,;Mr "'i Bowlin's substitute was rejected, and : the bill amended so as to relieve the. judges from circuit duties for one year "' instead ol two, was passed in that shape. A resolution by Mr. Cocke was a dopted, directing the Committee on Military Affairs to report a suitable joint resolution awarding gold medals to such officers or soldiers of the army i as have distinguished themselves in the war with Mexico. A bill bv Mr. Hill to increase the piy in piivaics in ma vui, w lima. . , duced, twice read, and referred; and ;: pending the question on a resolution for a report on the models in the Patent ;f r Office for aii-tight coffins, the House adjourned. . y Tukspat, March 7. In the Senattt Mr. Dix presented a petition from ship owners and consignees in the city of New York, praying the passage ot a law to facilitate the landing and ware housing of cargoes of vessels from for eign ports. s .- Vi Mr. Fetch presented n petition from citizens of Michigan, praying the gene ral government to provide for the con struction of a road from Green Bay to Lake Michigan, and to appropriate a portion of the public lands for that object. . In the House., upon the call for re ports from committees, several propo sitions of a private and local nature were reported, read twice, and referred Mr. Alexander ISvans, from the Com mittee on Public Lands, reported a bill, the object of which is to extend the provisions of the bounty-land law to such non-commissioneoTofficers and pri vates in the war as have been promot -y td to commissions. This bill gave rise 'k to so.ne debate; which elicited but lit . ; te opposition, however, and was laid A over by the close of the morning-hogr. y. Wednesday, March 8. In the oa-;; ale, Mr. Sevier presented a memoir."'''.!? geographical and commercial, on the'; ; , present stale, productions, trade and- commerce of Siberia, Marer.hurior, and the; Asiatic hlan Jsof the Northern Pa cific ocean; nnd on the importance of opening commercial intercourse there-, - with. I his memoir Mr. S. stated to be from Aaron II. Palmer, a corres ponding member of the National lnsti tute, addressed to the President, and of ' much importance,.; It was referred to, . the Committee on the Library, and or. : '1 j . . . ...... Orecon. ! A resolution, by Mr. Johnson of Ar- y kansas, looking to the protection of captured . volunteers'- in', Mexico, was. adopted; also, a resolution by Mr, Stan ton, .calling for correspondence . with 'f the British government relative, to re';' ciprocity of trade. ; . -; j j; ; ' 1 hursday, March 9.In the Senate Mr. Fooie presented si petition from the Baptist convention, of Mississippi, asking that; certain territory may be set apart lor the exclusive use and oc aerea ip ue priniea. ; , ... ..- -- Mr, Webster presented .a petition i from citizens of Forwardville. Weston; county, Virginia, asking that the public. ' lands be reserved for the abolition of ? ' slavery in the United States; the mo- ' : tion to receive which, on motion of Mr. ' Mason, was laid on the table. ':t A bill from the House, supplemental : ; tv to an act entitled MAn act concern." ; ing the Supreme Court of the United' Slater,'' was read a first and second V time, and referred to the Committee on.y the Judiciary. ... 'i,.'v,v.: In ihe House, it was agreed te print . fifteen thousand extra copies of the late ' Neil S. Howison's report in relation tov . the climate, sail, and productions of V cupancy ok the -.: rV I i. . i .... ,