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t i j i 1o T;, ' TH SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY published every Saturday at the following rater. f 1 W par inoam, If paid iir advahcc . fjoo m i ' jf plid withio the year fa 00 ' ' If payment be delayed Until --Iftertne expiration of the year. J',U TO SUBSCRIBERS. ' No paper will be discontinued, except at the ' eption of the editor, until all arrear are paid, - ' AD communication lent jy mail must be ' BBSS TATE Or OHIO, MONROE COUNTY a. fofctllRaMer 1 j -JMlh Taadertnder, IN CHANCERY. , tod other. I Nicholas Yanderander, Mary Tande- - j ' wder intermarried with, eome person .anknown to the Complainant, Nancy Roberta, intermarried With ' " Roberts, whose Christiao name is an known to eaid Complainant; the unknown heirs ) at Coroeliu Yandevauder, the younger, deceas d.ofthestste of Virginia; John Vaadevander.Pe- let Vender ander, and others, whose names are " unknown lo aaid Complainant, children ol Corne ; !!iu Vend vender the elder, of the 8tate of Illinois, nd Adam Myers, and Ruth Myers his wife, ' whose place of residence is unknown to the Com plainant impleaded with Ruth Vaodevander and there will take notice, that on the 27ih day of May 1848, eaid complainant, John H, Rutter, ailed in the Clerk's Office ol said Court, bis bill - against them, setting forth, amongst other things, ' that John Vandevander, Wis of said county of -'''.Monroe, sow deceased, in his life-time entered liato verbal contract with aaid Coraolaiaant, tor . f the eale of a certain tract of land situate in said ounty, being "sixty-six acres off from the north r' aast quarter of section- five, (5,) in town three, t (,) and range four, (4,) of the Marietta District . af United States' lands which (said contract aaid kill allsges to have been fully performed and com plied with by eaid Complainant on his part; and "i which aaid bill prays may be completed by aaid aUfeodaota, heirs and legal representatives of said "John Vandevander, deceased, by a conveyance ot J eaid land to said complainant, and tor general re- -'ia : Said defendants will appear end plead, an swer, ar demur to said bill, within eixtv day after the October Term of aaid Court for 1848, or . the earn will be taken against them as confeised. .. ' . ; Wo. F. HUNTER fc ) Solicitors for Jo. M. MASON, i Compl'oL July 8th, 1848. 9w STATE OF OHIO. MONROE COUNTY, . . Court or Common Plica: , .-. . v?- October Term, A. D. 1818. JIobastoaL. Jones 1 ) v. . IN CHANCERY. Charles' Atkinson, el al.'i v V . Xhe said Charles Atkinson, who is a reaideat of Washington County, Ohio;-aad Jane . Skiptoo, and James C Skipton, her husband, t whose place of residence is unknown to com- plaioaot.) will take notice, that the said Johnston ," !. Jobs aid. on tne low aayoi juiv, a. v .1848, file in the office ol the Clerk of the Court of eaid County, his Bill in Chancery, against them and others, the heirs and widow of James Atkin- .- eon, deceased, the object ot which Bill is to fore , close a Mortgage given by Jamee Atkinson, de 1 ' ceased, in his life-time, conjointly with Sarah At- kinsoa, who was then his wile, and who,byaaub .'sequent marriage, is now Sarah Brookover, to the complainant, on tne following lots in uianogton, , ,la the county ot Monroe aforesaid, towit: Lota number farty-(our forty-five, and torty-eieht, and fractional Lot forty-six and (orty-nlne : Aud that . eaid Bill will be for hearing at the ipring term of aid Court for 1849. ' W. F. HUATER, July 10th, 1848. Bw Sol'cr. for Compl'nfc TATE OF OHIO. MONROE COUNTY,' as ..rr jI . COOBT OF VOMMON tfhXAt. ; ., Jebn F, Bidenharn ) . .- ' . -:. -. ' In chancery. (Jeeph McCoy. J V ' , The said Joseph McCoy, who resides eomewher io the State of '.Pennsylvania, will " take notice, that the Complainant, John F. Biden hara,did, on the 11th day of July, A. IX 1848, .'file with the clerk of eaid Court, hia Bill in Chance ry, the object and prayer of which said Bill is to foreclose a mortgage given by the defendant to Complainant on the eatt half of the south east . '"quarter of aactioa twenty-eight, Township 4, of Bang f ,' to secure the' payment or one hundred and ten dollars, with interest, and dated May 25, - ' 184S, which bill will be for hearing; at the spring 1erm ol said Court for 1849. ' :i ' y . . - . - Wm. F. HUNTER, f July 1 1th, 1848. ' ' ' ' Soft, for Compl'nt. STATS OF OHIO, MONROE COUNTY, ss. . Coobt or Common Pleas. , -James Peden 'l V Ii;B. Fuerson fc " 1N C ANCEBY ."Margaret F-ulkeron. J' j ' The defendants, who reside out of III t State of Ohio, will take notice, that on the 12(1 - , day ol June, A. D. 1848, the plaintiff filed in the .'. ' office of the clerk of the court of common pleaa-o Moaroe County, Ohio, hia Bill in Chancery, the . abject apd prayer of which is that the eaid defend- ante-be compelled to correct a deed executed by ' tbtm on the 21st day ol September, A. D. 1838; in and by which they undertook and intended to . convey to him the South Eat Quarter of tho South East Quarter of Section 16, Township two f Range four, in Monroe county, Ohio, bnt ' aaade a mistake in the description of the land. The aaid defendant will appear within sixty dsys alter , the October term of ssid court, for the year, A. D. ' 1848, and plead, answer, or demur lo aaid Bill, or the plaintiff will proceed thereafter to take the t. aaid Bill a confessed, and ask a decree according- V. a. nuu-ioiLit, An y June 12, 1848. for James Peden. STATE OF OHIO. MONROE COUNTY, s. Cocbt or Common Flea. Geerge Thompson - - , ... Dennis Harrison, Lew. i Harrison, Jeremiah .i Harrison, Anna Hicks, and Jeremiah Hick her Iraaband, Sarah Buskitk and OliphantBlakirk her husbandries H.Harri- The defendant will take notice that the com' plainant, on the 15th day or July A. u, 1848, hied his petition in the office of the Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas of said county, against ' them; the object and purpose of fc Joseph narriaon. which is to obtain au- tbority from the Court of Common Pleas of aaid county to complete a contract entered into by . o Jama M. Harrison in hi lita time for tha tale af (ha ooi tb west quarter of the southwest quarter of action 16, in townships, or range 4, in aaid coun ty i ald defendant will therefor appear within ixty days from tha" next session of said Court and ' plead, anwer or. demur to aaid petition or your petitioner will take tha came a confessed, and ask a decree accordingly. n. MOLLIS 1 EK, -July 22, 1848. ' ' .. i Sol, for Petitioner. STATE OF OHIO, MONROE COUNTY, as. : . mm mm w. vummvm A umm. i Cvnthia Pool, adminia. The said defendant ('tratris of Samuel pool, 4oaaed. i -a ' . ,;"..: . tVilliam Fool and other. are . hereby notified. that eaid administra trix ha filed her oetf tion in aaid Court of rnmmn, PIass nrmvin fur M il il. jiveat quarter of section , township 4, and range 9, ill aaid county, to pay the debts of the deceased. r,;.. AKUJHBOJLU fc WIRE. , ' July 1, 1848-017 , ; Attorney for Petitioner.' 'cr' Gash for. Rags !! 1 " ; The highest price will be paid iiv' cash, imi de livery, for UNEN AND COTTON RAGS, at the warehouse ol Forsyth fc Baker, Water Street, Wheeling, or at the FULTON PAPER MILL, m mile, east of Wheeling, on tha turnpike. Keep aut all tha woollen and bagging. We do ata tatftftt Aaaa w - AdiUbV1S4S .' AARUTTiftMnt i ji.t 'J A; ARMt fc f .OV W srifsiH ' T : i i ii iv ii.ii. ii. i - i - .mm im.ii i i , ,. rim i i 1 1 i i ti imri i . n ,..'....- i .aj jew - v 4 v mi 'A ii ii fill ii i i ii ii ii 1 ii ii fi nil in jy ii fi l ! KJLV JLLU.ilJJr 11 U J 0 .... . ., . ' . . . . , ,' '' " ' Vol. V. N. F. BLACKLOCK & Co, ' ! 233 BALTIMORE ST. BALTIMORE, MO. . WHOLESALE DBALBBS W . Boots,Shoes,lIats, Caps, Bonnets, &c ' Have received direct from the Manufacturer a large and well assorted fresh stock, and are pre pared to oner great inducements to country mer chants and others who will favor them with a call. Our stock consists in part of . .., , 1800 CASES SHOES AND HATS, Men's.Boy's fc'Youth's Calf.Kip fc Gummed Boots. " - " Goat Monroes. Womeo'sfcMiesas'peKgedfcsewed Welts. Boots. " " Kid, Morocco and Seal Slipper, with a larc e assortment ol Gaiters, city made work. and Children' Shoe of all kinds. j IIATS. " :- ; !.(.; Russia, Moleskin, Coney and Nutria Hate. . Monkiey, Buena Vista sporting and Wool Hat; Sennet, Panama.Cbinese, Straw fc Angola Hat. Also, a Urge stock of Palm and Leghorn Hat. 60 CASES BONNETS. Florence Braid, Deron. China Peail. Willow, Lawn, Neapolitan, and other kinds; with a large slock of Trunks, Shoe Thread and Blacking. , March 18, 1848.-ly . , Spring & Sammer Fashions for 1848. NO. 10, MONROE ST., WHEEING. YA Respectfully announces to his old friends and the public in general, that he ha now on band a large and auperior stock of Hat and Capa, of the late Spring and Summer Fashions, comprising all qual ities, ihtpes and sizes. Hishati are manufactured under hia own immediate superintendence, of the finest materials, and by the best workmen, and will be sold wholesale and retail, at pricee still lower than they have ever been offered in this city. Those wishing lo purchase Hat and Caps, will find it to their advantage to give htm a call before purchasing elsewhere. April Za, 1848. . . S. AVfcKX. : 40,000 Volunteers Wanted! WOOL CAE DING. Helloo, Jack I where did you get that great big bunch of rolls carded i At my Boss's new card ing establishment on big Sunfiih Creek, 5 milea East of Woodsheld, 6 miles South of Iteallsville, and one mile below Richner's Mill. Jack, who is your boss? He is the very lad that carried on the carding busineaa at Armstrong's Mills on Cap. tina, he has left there and ha eitaUuhedhinutlf on Sunjith, where he intends to carry on the above business, in the best style. I he a good carder? - Yes, sir, you might know that, for he beat all the carders on Captina Creek" ai.d Sunfish too, and can do it again -o e-a-s-y. Has he got good carda suitable for fine wool? Yes, sir, be baa the best quality of Eartern cards, suitable for all grade of wool. .- He ay if bis customers will put their wool in good order he will warrant good rolli or no pay. What did you say hia price will be? Five ceuta it paid when the roll are taken away, i Must he have all cash? U no, he will take every thing; only some things he don't want. He wilt take wheat, corn,' bees-wax, tallow, dried apples, peaches, wool.fce. ' He is ready to receive wool for carding, and will be ready to commence carding about theJ25th insL Customers from a distance can have their rolls home with them, by waiting awhile. Well, Jack, what did you say your Boss's name wee? JUKI. M. UALfcX. Sunhsh Creek, July, Z9, 1848. , WRIGHTS INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS IN THE CITY OF MEXICO GREAT SUCCESS AMONG THE VOLUNTEERS! -LETTER FROM A HIGH SHERIFF OF SOUTH CAR OLINA. ...' i. ' ' : Extract of a letter Irom the editorof the Green ville Mountaineer. S. C. Da. W. Wbicht UearSir: " 'A week or two ago I aent you a Mountaineet, containing a letter from one of our Volunteers in the Citvof Mexico, in which he pay WRIUHT'S INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS, under the cir cumstance, the highest meed of praise 1 have ever known a medicine to receive.. The Volunteer. William W. Goodlett, Esq., is a gentleman of fine standing an accomplished and well educated man aud was recanuy , . , HltiH otlltnlr IT of this District. By one of your advertisement in a Charleston paper, I happened to notice the location of your office, and thought you might ex tract an ai tide of aome value in regard to your medicine, theretoie 1 aent tne paper. Tde following is an extract rfrom the letter re ferred ta above : ' ' 'Mv health ia very fast improving. I procured a few days ago, some of Dr. Wright's Indian Veg etable Pill, and they have acted on my system Thus it aDDear that the brave and patriotic Volunteen who have gone to Mexico, to defend the rights and honor of their country, already be gin to realize the extraordinary value of this in comparable meuicine. long ins 10 uirmi MUltKlDLIi MISIA&IiDi, Are sometime made by confounding one modi cine with another, and administeiing the wrong article.- Equally hortible are those mistake which ar made in supposing that all Pill are alike, and that therefore it Is iiidinerent wmcn era uaen, and if one kind i bad all are bad together. Thia is a very ereat mistake. There is as much differ. ence between Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills and other articles, aa between midnight and noonday! Wa do not wish any one to take our word merely for this statement, Let any one, having taken other medicine, try this. Nothing mora will be necessary. .,';... Many person htv been lead away by a Coat imo or Sooab, aa if they anticipated that it would remove the nausea of the medicine. But they are generally mistaken. Without the Suoaa those articles have nothing to recommend them. and would not be told a single day, i But with the. ugar, and by giving the article a name similab fo Wright' Indian Vegetable Pill, they gain a temoorarv notoriety. Wor,vB they , are. in sheep's clothing, of whom the public should deer sufficiently clear. ' ' , Let it be remembered that WRIGHT'S INDI AN. VEGETABLE PILLS are prepared with apecial reference to the lawa governing the human Bony. j consequently, they are always good. al way oselul.al way effective in rooting out disea. e.'- very family should keep them on hand. , AGENTS IN MONROE COUNTY, , . J. A. fc G. H. Davenport, Woodsfield. ' , Bidenharn fc Benninghau. LewisvilUj, ' ' . r Welsh fc Thompsop, Beallsvijle. J. R. fc J. Morris, Antioch. Charles Hare. Summerfield.' M '. ft-0fflce devoted axcluaively to tha aala ol VV BIGHT' INDiaN VECBTABLa FILL. WhOl sale and retail, 169 Race street, Philadelphia; 288 Greenwich street. New York: and 198 Tremonl street, Boston. ?.:.' -.a ATTACHMENT. At my instancean' at tachment waa this day Issued by Isaac Mur ray, a Justice of the Peace in Franklin township, Monro County, Ohio, against the property and effect of Israel Simpson, a non-resident' of aaid icounir. faiea uu Z0M nay or juiy,ios. ; I hi- iiiU i,DANist cpoptta. county, uatd uu 2Btn nay ot July, 1848. ; i ' " PBIROIII.C AND MCAUmEft AND SEW WHO WILb WOODSFIELD, OHIO, SATUBDAY, AUGUST 19, 1848. The Demdcratie Flag. CASS, BCTLEttj AND DEMOCRACY. Flag of the free, thy glorious stars . Shine forth O'er land and sea. And millions hail with loud huzza ' f The banner of the free - j.: CAM, BtTTLER, AMD DeMOCEACV; Wave, wave the banner high, " Tis like the sun in brilliancy, That Humes the morning ky. ., .1 .The soldier from the bloody field -" The sailor on the e. With item resolve will nobly shield Tbi flag of victory; ., j, ' For glorious Cass hu proudly savsd . . , TBC rBBEDOM or THE SE ASj J , And BtJTLER, with his veterans, brared ' ' The "battle" and the bteeae.".. .!'. .'; H ' v;i V Unfold tha flag- 'tis freedom's cinse; 1 -With voice of loudest cheer, : For xo.ual bights and EIVaL LAW r Are all emblazoned there. ',' ' Democracy, thy potent name,' . Proud emblem of the free, j Shall kindle everywhere the flame ' ' ' The fire of liberty. . Flag of the free ! beneath thy way, J Where'er tby fold shall blaze, Throne, crown end sceptre melt away; Kings tremble as they gazet And lenovated million rise, . , Like Bethel' host to see ' . . ; 1 The star that guides their longing eyes - - The star of liberty! - , - - Europe! thy down-trod myriads wake, Bleeding at every pore; '' ' Ireland) thy children's fetter break, ' France, red with human gore. Awake! fn God's own image made, Arise, your rights receive; - ' . "' Tha brazen serpent is displayed . : Awake, look up and llvel ' fL- ' Flag ot the free, thy pathway holds . i i tn Its course o'er every foe; : . ' c i .! : Atlantic breeze wll thy told, - ., -Pacific zephyr blow. - And loon, as God is provident, ' ' . We'll bound thee by the sea; , . Can, Butler, and THaooaTiitEHT, ; Our motto then shall be. : ' - The north and south in anion joined, " The east and west hall vie, ' !" '-1 In harmony and peace combined ' '''i ' -'' " 'Neath Freedom's watchful eye. '' ' . O'er ever land thy folds shall fly, ' ' ; . . . And every eye shall see, '; , Cass, Butler, akd democract, ' ' , The banner of the free. Dont jBecome Eich; Again!" BT MRS. -SIOOCRNET. ' "Pve lost my whole, fortune;' said a merchant a lie returned one evening to his home; "we can no longer Keep our carriage.' We must leave this large .house... The children can no longer go to expensive schools. Yes terday 1 was a rich man. To-day there is nothing 1 can call mv own. ' "IJear husband, said the wile, "we are still rich in each other and our chil dren. ' Money may pass away, but God has civs' n us a better treasure in those active hands and loving hearts." " "Dear father," said the children, "do not look so sad. W e will help you to get a living. .1 VV hot nnn vmt n nnnr Ihinirir7 said he." . ' "You shall see -you shall see," a swered several cheerful voices. . "It is a pity if we have . been to school for nothing. How can (he father of eight children be poor! . We shall work and make you rich again." - . , ' 41 1 shall help," said the youngest girl, hardly four years old. "1 will not have any new things bought, and I shall sell my great doll." - Ihe heart of the husband and father, which had sunk within his bosom like a stone, was lifted up. The sweet en thusiasm of the scene cheered him, and his nightly prayer was like a song of praise. . . They left his stately house. I he servants were dismissed. Pictures and plate,. rich carpets and furniture, were soldi and she- who had been so. long mistress of the mansion, shed no tear. "Pay every debt,1! said, she; lel no one sutler through us, and we may yet be happy." ' ;u. .r,,- arw ai at lie rented a neat cottage ana a small piece of ground, a (ew mites ' from' the city. With the aid of his sons, he cul tivated vegetables for the markets " He viewed: with delight and astonishment the economy of his wife nurtured, as she Jiad been, ia wealth and the effi ciency which his daughters goon acquir ed under, her training. ,' .. j, ; K, : : 8 Jhe eldest one assisted her m the werk of the household, aud also assisted the younger children. Besides, they executed various works, which they had earned as accomplishments, but which they found could be disposed of to ad vantage. The embroidered With taste 6m of the ornamentai parts of female CAMBT THOSE ralWCIPLE AMD HBASOKB INTO apparel, which they readily sold to a mercnani in tne city. , : . lliey cultivated flowers, and sent boquets to market, in the cart that con veyed the vegetables; they : plaited straw; they pninted maps; they execu ted plain needlework.' Every ono was at her post, busy and cheerlul. The cottage was like a bec-hive. "I never enjoyed such health before," said thealher. "And I was never so happy before," said the mother. ' - "We never knew how many things we could do when we lived in the great house," said the children; "and we love each other a great deal better here you call us your little bees." "Yes," replied the father; "and you make just such honey as the heart loves to leeu on." Economy as well as industry, was strictly observed nothing was wasted Nothing unnecessary was purchased. The eldest daughter became assistant teacher in a distinguished female semi nary, and the second took her place as instructress to the family. The little dwelling which had at ways been kept neat, they were soon able to beautify. Its construction was improved; vines and flowering trees were planted around it. The merchant was happier under his own- woodbine covered porch, in a summers evening, than he had been io his showy drawing room. ; "We are now thriving and prosper ous," said he; '.'shall we return to the city'" , - "0, no, no," was the unanimous re ply. , - . 'Let-us remain,'' said the wife "where we have found health and con tentment." ' ' "Feather,'' said the youngest, "all we children hope you are not going to be rich again; for . then," she added, "we little ones were shut up in the nursery, and we did not see much of you or mother. JNow we all live together; and sister, who loves us, teaches us, and we learn to be industrious and useful. We were none of us happy when we were rich, and did not work. . So fathe please not be a rich man any more." : The Health of Farmers. At one of the agricultural meetings recently held in the State-House at Boston, the subject for discussion was "Ihe i Influence, of Agriculture on Health." We extract the following from the Boston Cultivator: ; Doctor Jarvis, of Dorchester, (author of a popular work on physiology,) open ed the discussion. , He said that all were interessed in this subject. People in the city depending on the farmer for their support, were interested in his success. He is healthy for reasons that are very obvious. The farmer takes exercise in the open air. In his great variety ol work, ploughing, mowing, raking, hoeing, lifting, carrying, foe, he brings into exercise every muscle ot his body. His appetite and digestion are good, and his sleep is welcome and re freshing. All the morbid matter, of the system is thrown off, nnd it is renova ted by a fresh supply of matter, giving health and strength. Sailors exercise thoroughly only the arms, hands, and fingers, and these become strong and firm, while their legs, that are exercis ed but little, become almost too weak to support them. The arms ot the blacksmith, from much exercise, become strong and muscular. Ihe farmer is comparatively free from anxiety, while the merchant is frequently hazarding his whole property, and an adverse turn may send him to the poor-house. The farmer ulwavs succeeds ia some of his crops at least, so he always has enough. Let what will happen, he has the meat, the milk, and the bread of his own pro duction. He has always enough for a comtortable subsistence; as to profits there may be some uncertainty, let everything is not bright on the farmei's side. He may be out in storms and cold, and thus be exposed to diseases. He has a great deal of hard labor to per form. He does too much.' He labors from sun to sun. Ten. hours per day is enough to work, and a farmer that labors only, this length of time will per form more Irom his birth lo. his grave than he who labors to excess in early manhood, or from fifteen to thirty years of age. Our farmers begin to fail at 50 years of age, and put the hard labor on the younger men. Some fail at' forty- five. From this age or fifty they de cline till seventy, when they lire good for nothing, cut let them work in mod eration, and they would still be strong and efficient at seventy years of age. -Farmers while young are anxious to provide for old age and by excessive la bor they create a necessity for such pro vision,' whereasy i( thejr labored moder XVrECT." No. 23. ately while joung they would have strength to support them when old. Farmers eat too much heavy food, and salt provisions. . Among the premiums at cattle shows, one should be given for the best loaf of brown bread. Good bread is important to health. Some farmers drink too much coffee, which is very injurious. Some eat everything that is convenient, and at the same time not considering what is wholesome. He knew a farmer who took excellent caro of his stock; he fed some with a view to labor, others for milk, and oth ers for the purpose ot fattening them. His system was good. He was a nice observer. But he neglects himself. He said that he could not work after noons, and on Mondays he could not work at all. He felt a weakness and s'nking at the stomach. On inquiry as to his living, he found that he ate Indian bread for dinner, and on Mondays he ate Indian pudding in addition. He ad vised him to use white bread, which he did, and was then healthy and strong. Farmers were often inconsiderate as to the location of their dwellings. They were very particular as to their barns, but their dwelling houses might be near low lands and stagnant water. In ma king their compost heaps, they were careful about saving manure, but it might be so located that the effluvia from it would be carried to the house, regardless of their influence on the health of the family. Arrival from the Pacific. Prosperity and "Wealth of California Captain Samuel V. Shreve, late of the barque Annetta, of Boston, sold in the Pacific, passed through New York on Wednesday, en route from the west ern shore of America to Boston. Cap tain S. came overland, across the Isth mus of Panama, and was a bearer of dispatches from our naval force at Ma zatiun to the government, which have been forwarded to Washington. -He passed Mr. Livingston and family in crossing the Isthmus, on the 28th of June. They were all well. The ad vices from California, by Captain S., are to the 30th of March, as given in the following interesting letter to the New York ileiald: California, March 30, 1848. Private and public, religious and po litical affairs are all right side up in Cal ifornia. . i Col. Mason moves on slow and steady cutting cown his expense to a small scale, and keeping the CountryNin as good order as possible. , Our Governor has but Jew troops; the Warren is our squadron yet our situation appears safe. All our Yessels-of-war of this station, are holding possession ot the Pacific ports of Mexico. They will move for California in June, to avoid the gales of San Bias and Mazatlan. , Trade is fast increasing with us. Jn 1 847 our imports exceeded the amounts of several previous years. t arms are being settled, and by men who will soon know their value; tho tide of emigration has as yet set for the Oregon as in '46 and .'47. We pur chased large amounts of flour and lum ber, and some few other articles;' they have cracked up that country m a fine style. In the fall of '46 the new state of affairs, the entrance of so manv stran gers, the presence of a large squadron, soon consumed every article in the mar ket. We therefore purchased flour and boards at the Oregon: this is now to stop. Saw mills and flour mills are rising in every direction; by nextvear the price of lumber in California and the freight from Oregon will be the same. Out farming lands are fast rising in val ue; house lots in towns 1,000 per cent. in value. 1 here are several your men, who arrived here in '46, that have made $5,000 to $15,000 in lanJ specu- ations. - Mines are discovered in many places, but quicksilver is to enrich California beyond all ethermines. 1 There is one now in operation belonging to Barron, orbes & to., an Jbnglish 1 house . in Mexico. The workmen at this mine use the common try-pots, a few picks and crowbars, and for a few days past have bottled off . 300 dollars per day. presume the expenses are less than one quarter. The ore is simple rock, mostly of red ooloi; is merely brpke and heated, producing one-fourth its weight in pure metal. By dropping a pinch of it on a hot iron, covering it with a tea cup two minutes, the cup is" covered with the smoke. - This being rubbed carefully by the finger in some cases, produced a globule the size of a pea. Almost the same expense and la bor employed in Pennsylvania, in ob taining a ton of iron j will obtain a ton ... MXCHANICAL KXCCUTI01C H. ADOLPHUB fctfi'i TERMS OF ADVERTISING. '" Advertisement t inserted at 50 cent perYqtjJfre, (fourteen lines or less,) for the first insertiotind 25 cents for each subsequent insertion.''- One 'Vol umn one month tJ7 00. Three months' fie.i months $15. Twelre months $25. ttfi wl mi JOB PRINTINO Of every description neatly and eilpediliouity executed at the office of the 'Spirit1 of Democracy; snd at reasonable prices. b ! of quicksilver in Cfllifornto."' Neither you nor your readers are expected to : believe this most Incredibfe" story Vy'et such is the fact. The quicksilver oV tained at the Forbes mines','' in'' one week, will pay for the mairfgineryl When the expected works from Eu rope reach this country, ihe' tons of quicksilver will show for itself.' '"'y Near the Pueblo de Saa ; Jose, 'tin American has two leagues' 'of' Jftrid, which cost him lour hundred dollars, A nentleman from Virriniil. lutefiP'ir rived here, has purchased a small -part of this land at five hundred dollars, an J . should it have quicksilver,"' htftfx- pects, is to pay several thousands mdre. There is a minin? c.omDnttV establish- ed here, who do not wish to commence working their quicksilver ore t(ntiF tfiey have proper machinery. 'They'Kro not satisfied with theyslow'p'rocie'ss of Barron, Foibes & Co' wh'c.ho'evr, this month make their first shipmerff'lo Mazatlan, b twenty thousand fldltars. South California this' month W.ik'eHfte first move towards shipping this ajl important article to work the MexTtau gold and silver mines . ' , . ;' Pa1sa.no. Idle. Daiighters. . Ht is." says Mrs. Ellis ft nOofltpam- ful spectacle in families where theO- er i the drudge, to see the. daughters elegantly dressed, reclining, atniheir ease, with their drawing, theiryfnusie, their fancy work, and their reading.Jbe- guiling themselves of the lapie of. hours, ' days, and weeks and never dreamtrgjo! their 'responsibilities; but as, neces sary consequence of the neglect of duty, growing weary of their: useless- Jives, laying hold of every newlyi invented1 stimulent to rouse their drooping ener gies, and blaming their fate, when tiitjy dare not blame their God, foe havibj placed them where the v-are. .t-sUti .iTi : i:.,:.i.i. V.:ii r . 1 licsc iiiuimuuuia niuuiicu. icu iuu with an air of effected compassion (for who can believe it real?) that poor mam ma is working herself to deatru.i.' f "Yet no sooner do you- propose that they should assist her, than they declare that she is quite in her element, in short that she would never be Jiappy-j- she had onlv half as much to d, t r. ni Gen, Butler's Barn-bnrain Feat - In the second sanguinary, battle bf the river Haisin, on the 22nd qf . Jan uary, with the British and. Indians, an other act of self-devotion' was perform ed by Butler.- ; After theroute aqd massacre of the; right .wing belqngirig to AVell's command, ttye whole force of -the British and Indians was 'concentrat ed against, the . small. , hbdjT pf Jttjbojs under Major Madison, that maintained their ground within tbe , picketed gar dens. A double barri,conYmanding a plot of ground on which the Jvejitutfkiaus stood, was approached on one'sWe 'oy chard and fence; the Britisli on We o'tji- side beinn so Dosted as to command the space between it andlthe.mclieis. A patty in the rear of the'barn,were discovered advancing, tqiake p.osses sion of il. All saw the Mni.ficpns--quences of the secure, hdgefuijtlf bf the enemy, at a place wrdcljwoujd present every man within jthe. picket at a close rifle shot to the, aim -o their marksmen. Major Madison, inquired if there was no one who would volun teer to run the gauntlet, of, the fiie of the British and Indian lines, and to put a torch to the combustibles , within th barn, losave the little, .remnant of; the army from sacrifice. ; Butlkh, without a moment's delay, , .took pSome,, .blazing sticks from the fire at hand, leaped ihe pickets'and running at liis.utniust sbfed,, thrust the fire into the strawiWi'tiuBttIA barn. : One who was an anxiotfs spec tator of the event .we narrate, says' "that although volley upon volley 'was fired at him," Butlor, fcfter.tmifcing tome steps on his way ; back, w&ej to see if the (ire fiad taken, and not being . satisfied returnbd andrBet in blase. As the conflagration grew, the Vajmy was retreating Troni j.tTifiyer'oriho building, which they, had onierecl at onsf end, as the flames ascerie'ttouw er.'i Soon after reaching the'ricki'ls Si safety, amid the shouts of )U ,fr-ieri'.f he was struck by a ball, In '.'fsVisL Believing from the pain that! hQii that it had penetrated his chest, .trniaa Adjutant (now Genera!) .Mcpajla pijp of his Lexington comrades, apd'p'tjssC his hand to the spot, he said, fea'ci " shot is mortal, but while f amtiblL move I wiU do my duty!''w' Tpfher xious enquiry of his" friend,' 'o'let. with him soon afterward jagarne opened his vest withj a .smile, end's flow ed him that' the ball hkd spent itseort the thick wadding ol his coat and pn us breast bone. He suffered.' however. 9 V 1 : ? i 'I