11 "MP'"'"""''I'"'','"''W,M',III',"MM '
' TH SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY
published every Saturday at the following rater.
f 1 W par inoam, If paid iir advahcc .
fjoo m i ' jf plid withio the year
fa 00 ' ' If payment be delayed Until
--Iftertne expiration of the year.
J',U TO SUBSCRIBERS.
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' eption of the editor, until all arrear are paid,
- ' AD communication lent jy mail must be
TATE Or OHIO, MONROE COUNTY a.
j -JMlh Taadertnder,
IN CHANCERY. ,
tod other. I
Nicholas Yanderander, Mary Tande-
- j ' wder intermarried with, eome person .anknown
to the Complainant, Nancy Roberta, intermarried
With ' " Roberts, whose Christiao name is an
known to eaid Complainant; the unknown heirs
) at Coroeliu Yandevauder, the younger, deceas
d.ofthestste of Virginia; John Vaadevander.Pe-
let Vender ander, and others, whose names are
" unknown lo aaid Complainant, children ol Corne
; !!iu Vend vender the elder, of the 8tate of Illinois,
nd Adam Myers, and Ruth Myers his wife,
' whose place of residence is unknown to the Com
plainant impleaded with Ruth Vaodevander and
there will take notice, that on the 27ih day of
May 1848, eaid complainant, John H, Rutter,
ailed in the Clerk's Office ol said Court, bis bill
- against them, setting forth, amongst other things,
' that John Vandevander, Wis of said county of
-'''.Monroe, sow deceased, in his life-time entered
liato verbal contract with aaid Coraolaiaant, tor
. f the eale of a certain tract of land situate in said
ounty, being "sixty-six acres off from the north
r' aast quarter of section- five, (5,) in town three,
t (,) and range four, (4,) of the Marietta District
. af United States' lands which (said contract aaid
kill allsges to have been fully performed and com
plied with by eaid Complainant on his part; and
"i which aaid bill prays may be completed by aaid
aUfeodaota, heirs and legal representatives of said
"John Vandevander, deceased, by a conveyance ot
J eaid land to said complainant, and tor general re-
-'ia : Said defendants will appear end plead, an
swer, ar demur to said bill, within eixtv day
after the October Term of aaid Court for 1848, or
. the earn will be taken against them as confeised.
.. ' . ; Wo. F. HUNTER fc ) Solicitors for
Jo. M. MASON, i Compl'oL
July 8th, 1848.
STATE OF OHIO. MONROE COUNTY, .
. Court or Common Plica: ,
.-. . v?- October Term, A. D. 1818.
JIobastoaL. Jones 1 )
v. . IN CHANCERY.
Charles' Atkinson, el al.'i v
V . Xhe said Charles Atkinson, who is a
reaideat of Washington County, Ohio;-aad Jane
. Skiptoo, and James C Skipton, her husband,
t whose place of residence is unknown to com-
plaioaot.) will take notice, that the said Johnston
," !. Jobs aid. on tne low aayoi juiv, a. v
.1848, file in the office ol the Clerk of the Court of
eaid County, his Bill in Chancery, against them
and others, the heirs and widow of James Atkin-
.- eon, deceased, the object ot which Bill is to fore
, close a Mortgage given by Jamee Atkinson, de
1 ' ceased, in his life-time, conjointly with Sarah At-
kinsoa, who was then his wile, and who,byaaub
.'sequent marriage, is now Sarah Brookover, to the
complainant, on tne following lots in uianogton,
, ,la the county ot Monroe aforesaid, towit: Lota
number farty-(our forty-five, and torty-eieht, and
fractional Lot forty-six and (orty-nlne : Aud that
. eaid Bill will be for hearing at the ipring term of
aid Court for 1849. ' W. F. HUATER,
July 10th, 1848. Bw Sol'cr. for Compl'nfc
TATE OF OHIO. MONROE COUNTY,' as
..rr jI . COOBT OF VOMMON tfhXAt. ;
., Jebn F, Bidenharn ) . .- '
. -:. -. ' In chancery.
(Jeeph McCoy. J V ' ,
The said Joseph McCoy, who resides
eomewher io the State of '.Pennsylvania, will
" take notice, that the Complainant, John F. Biden
hara,did, on the 11th day of July, A. IX 1848,
.'file with the clerk of eaid Court, hia Bill in Chance
ry, the object and prayer of which said Bill is to
foreclose a mortgage given by the defendant to
Complainant on the eatt half of the south east
. '"quarter of aactioa twenty-eight, Township 4, of
Bang f ,' to secure the' payment or one hundred
and ten dollars, with interest, and dated May 25,
- ' 184S, which bill will be for hearing; at the spring
1erm ol said Court for 1849. ' :i '
y . . - . - Wm. F. HUNTER, f
July 1 1th, 1848. ' ' ' ' Soft, for Compl'nt.
STATS OF OHIO, MONROE COUNTY, ss.
. Coobt or Common Pleas. , -James
V Ii;B. Fuerson fc " 1N C ANCEBY
."Margaret F-ulkeron. J'
j ' The defendants, who reside out of III t
State of Ohio, will take notice, that on the 12(1
- , day ol June, A. D. 1848, the plaintiff filed in the
.'. ' office of the clerk of the court of common pleaa-o
Moaroe County, Ohio, hia Bill in Chancery, the
. abject apd prayer of which is that the eaid defend-
ante-be compelled to correct a deed executed by
' tbtm on the 21st day ol September, A. D. 1838;
in and by which they undertook and intended to
. convey to him the South Eat Quarter of tho
South East Quarter of Section 16, Township two
f Range four, in Monroe county, Ohio, bnt
' aaade a mistake in the description of the land. The
aaid defendant will appear within sixty dsys alter
, the October term of ssid court, for the year, A. D.
' 1848, and plead, answer, or demur lo aaid Bill, or
the plaintiff will proceed thereafter to take the
t. aaid Bill a confessed, and ask a decree according-
V. a. nuu-ioiLit, An y
June 12, 1848.
for James Peden.
STATE OF OHIO. MONROE COUNTY, s.
Cocbt or Common Flea.
- - , ...
Dennis Harrison, Lew.
i Harrison, Jeremiah
.i Harrison, Anna Hicks,
and Jeremiah Hick her
Iraaband, Sarah Buskitk
and OliphantBlakirk her
The defendant will
take notice that the com'
plainant, on the 15th day
or July A. u, 1848, hied
his petition in the office
of the Clerk of the Court
of Common Pleas of said
county, against ' them;
the object and purpose of
fc Joseph narriaon.
which is to obtain au-
tbority from the Court of Common Pleas of aaid
county to complete a contract entered into by
. o Jama M. Harrison in hi lita time for tha tale af
(ha ooi tb west quarter of the southwest quarter of
action 16, in townships, or range 4, in aaid coun
ty i ald defendant will therefor appear within
ixty days from tha" next session of said Court and
' plead, anwer or. demur to aaid petition or your
petitioner will take tha came a confessed, and ask
a decree accordingly. n. MOLLIS 1 EK, -July
22, 1848. ' ' .. i Sol, for Petitioner.
STATE OF OHIO, MONROE COUNTY, as.
: . mm mm w. vummvm A umm.
i Cvnthia Pool, adminia.
The said defendant
('tratris of Samuel pool,
4oaaed. i -a '
. tVilliam Fool and other.
are . hereby notified.
that eaid administra
trix ha filed her oetf
tion in aaid Court of
rnmmn, PIass nrmvin fur M il il.
jiveat quarter of section , township 4, and range
9, ill aaid county, to pay the debts of the deceased.
r,;.. AKUJHBOJLU fc WIRE. ,
' July 1, 1848-017 , ; Attorney for Petitioner.'
'cr' Gash for. Rags !! 1 " ;
The highest price will be paid iiv' cash, imi de
livery, for UNEN AND COTTON RAGS, at
the warehouse ol Forsyth fc Baker, Water Street,
Wheeling, or at the FULTON PAPER MILL,
m mile, east of Wheeling, on tha turnpike.
Keep aut all tha woollen and bagging. We do
ata tatftftt Aaaa w -
AdiUbV1S4S .' AARUTTiftMnt i
ji.t 'J A; ARMt fc f
.OV W srifsiH ' T
: i i ii iv ii.ii. ii. i - i - .mm im.ii i i , ,. rim i i 1 1 i i ti imri i . n ,..'....- i .aj jew -
v 4 v mi 'A ii ii fill ii i i ii ii ii 1 ii ii fi nil in jy ii fi l
! KJLV JLLU.ilJJr 11 U J 0
.... . ., . ' . . . . , ,' '' " '
N. F. BLACKLOCK & Co, ' !
233 BALTIMORE ST. BALTIMORE, MO.
. WHOLESALE DBALBBS W .
Boots,Shoes,lIats, Caps, Bonnets, &c
' Have received direct from the Manufacturer a
large and well assorted fresh stock, and are pre
pared to oner great inducements to country mer
chants and others who will favor them with a call.
Our stock consists in part of . .., ,
1800 CASES SHOES AND HATS,
Men's.Boy's fc'Youth's Calf.Kip fc Gummed Boots.
" - " Goat Monroes.
Womeo'sfcMiesas'peKgedfcsewed Welts. Boots.
" " Kid, Morocco and Seal Slipper,
with a larc e assortment ol Gaiters, city made work.
and Children' Shoe of all kinds. j
IIATS. " :- ; !.(.;
Russia, Moleskin, Coney and Nutria Hate. .
Monkiey, Buena Vista sporting and Wool Hat;
Sennet, Panama.Cbinese, Straw fc Angola Hat.
Also, a Urge stock of Palm and Leghorn Hat.
60 CASES BONNETS.
Florence Braid, Deron. China Peail. Willow,
Lawn, Neapolitan, and other kinds; with a large
slock of Trunks, Shoe Thread and Blacking. ,
March 18, 1848.-ly . ,
Spring & Sammer Fashions for 1848.
NO. 10, MONROE ST., WHEEING. YA
Respectfully announces to his old friends and the
public in general, that he ha now on band a large
and auperior stock of Hat and Capa, of the late
Spring and Summer Fashions, comprising all qual
ities, ihtpes and sizes. Hishati are manufactured
under hia own immediate superintendence, of the
finest materials, and by the best workmen, and
will be sold wholesale and retail, at pricee still
lower than they have ever been offered in this
city. Those wishing lo purchase Hat and Caps,
will find it to their advantage to give htm a call
before purchasing elsewhere.
April Za, 1848. . . S. AVfcKX. :
40,000 Volunteers Wanted!
WOOL CAE DING.
Helloo, Jack I where did you get that great big
bunch of rolls carded i At my Boss's new card
ing establishment on big Sunfiih Creek, 5 milea
East of Woodsheld, 6 miles South of Iteallsville,
and one mile below Richner's Mill. Jack, who
is your boss? He is the very lad that carried on
the carding busineaa at Armstrong's Mills on Cap.
tina, he has left there and ha eitaUuhedhinutlf
on Sunjith, where he intends to carry on the
above business, in the best style. I he a good
carder? - Yes, sir, you might know that, for he
beat all the carders on Captina Creek" ai.d Sunfish
too, and can do it again -o e-a-s-y. Has he got
good carda suitable for fine wool? Yes, sir, be
baa the best quality of Eartern cards, suitable for
all grade of wool. .- He ay if bis customers will
put their wool in good order he will warrant good
rolli or no pay. What did you say hia price will
be? Five ceuta it paid when the roll are taken
away, i Must he have all cash? U no, he will
take every thing; only some things he don't want.
He wilt take wheat, corn,' bees-wax, tallow, dried
apples, peaches, wool.fce. ' He is ready to receive
wool for carding, and will be ready to commence
carding about theJ25th insL Customers from a
distance can have their rolls home with them, by
waiting awhile. Well, Jack, what did you say
your Boss's name wee? JUKI. M. UALfcX.
Sunhsh Creek, July, Z9, 1848.
INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS IN THE
CITY OF MEXICO GREAT SUCCESS
AMONG THE VOLUNTEERS! -LETTER
FROM A HIGH SHERIFF OF SOUTH CAR
OLINA. ...' i. ' ' :
Extract of a letter Irom the editorof the Green
ville Mountaineer. S. C.
Da. W. Wbicht UearSir: " 'A
week or two ago I aent you a Mountaineet,
containing a letter from one of our Volunteers in
the Citvof Mexico, in which he pay WRIUHT'S
INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS, under the cir
cumstance, the highest meed of praise 1 have ever
known a medicine to receive.. The Volunteer.
William W. Goodlett, Esq., is a gentleman of fine
standing an accomplished and well educated man
aud was recanuy , .
, HltiH otlltnlr IT
of this District. By one of your advertisement
in a Charleston paper, I happened to notice the
location of your office, and thought you might ex
tract an ai tide of aome value in regard to your
medicine, theretoie 1 aent tne paper.
Tde following is an extract rfrom the letter re
ferred ta above : ' '
'Mv health ia very fast improving. I procured
a few days ago, some of Dr. Wright's Indian Veg
etable Pill, and they have acted on my system
Thus it aDDear that the brave and patriotic
Volunteen who have gone to Mexico, to defend
the rights and honor of their country, already be
gin to realize the extraordinary value of this in
comparable meuicine. long ins 10 uirmi
Are sometime made by confounding one modi
cine with another, and administeiing the wrong
article.- Equally hortible are those mistake which
ar made in supposing that all Pill are alike, and
that therefore it Is iiidinerent wmcn era uaen,
and if one kind i bad all are bad together. Thia
is a very ereat mistake. There is as much differ.
ence between Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills and
other articles, aa between midnight and noonday!
Wa do not wish any one to take our word merely
for this statement, Let any one, having taken
other medicine, try this. Nothing mora will be
Many person htv been lead away by a Coat
imo or Sooab, aa if they anticipated that it
would remove the nausea of the medicine. But
they are generally mistaken. Without the Suoaa
those articles have nothing to recommend them.
and would not be told a single day, i But with the.
ugar, and by giving the article a name similab
fo Wright' Indian Vegetable Pill, they gain a
temoorarv notoriety. Wor,vB they , are. in
sheep's clothing, of whom the public should deer
sufficiently clear. ' ' ,
Let it be remembered that WRIGHT'S INDI
AN. VEGETABLE PILLS are prepared with
apecial reference to the lawa governing the human
Bony. j consequently, they are always good. al
way oselul.al way effective in rooting out disea.
e.'- very family should keep them on hand.
, AGENTS IN MONROE COUNTY, , .
J. A. fc G. H. Davenport, Woodsfield. ' ,
Bidenharn fc Benninghau. LewisvilUj, ' ' .
r Welsh fc Thompsop, Beallsvijle.
J. R. fc J. Morris, Antioch.
Charles Hare. Summerfield.' M '.
ft-0fflce devoted axcluaively to tha aala ol
VV BIGHT' INDiaN VECBTABLa FILL. WhOl
sale and retail, 169 Race street, Philadelphia; 288
Greenwich street. New York: and 198 Tremonl
street, Boston. ?.:.' -.a
ATTACHMENT. At my instancean' at
tachment waa this day Issued by Isaac Mur
ray, a Justice of the Peace in Franklin township,
Monro County, Ohio, against the property and
effect of Israel Simpson, a non-resident' of aaid
icounir. faiea uu Z0M nay or juiy,ios. ;
I hi- iiiU i,DANist cpoptta.
county, uatd uu 2Btn nay ot July, 1848. ; i
' " PBIROIII.C AND MCAUmEft AND SEW WHO WILb
WOODSFIELD, OHIO, SATUBDAY, AUGUST 19, 1848.
The Demdcratie Flag.
CASS, BCTLEttj AND DEMOCRACY.
Flag of the free, thy glorious stars .
Shine forth O'er land and sea.
And millions hail with loud huzza ' f
The banner of the free - j.:
CAM, BtTTLER, AMD DeMOCEACV;
Wave, wave the banner high, "
Tis like the sun in brilliancy,
That Humes the morning ky. .,
.1 .The soldier from the bloody field -"
The sailor on the e.
With item resolve will nobly shield
Tbi flag of victory; ., j, '
For glorious Cass hu proudly savsd . . ,
TBC rBBEDOM or THE SE ASj J
, And BtJTLER, with his veterans, brared '
' The "battle" and the bteeae."..
.!'. .'; H ' v;i V
Unfold tha flag- 'tis freedom's cinse; 1 -With
voice of loudest cheer,
: For xo.ual bights and EIVaL LAW r
Are all emblazoned there. ',' '
Democracy, thy potent name,'
. Proud emblem of the free, j
Shall kindle everywhere the flame ' ' '
The fire of liberty.
. Flag of the free ! beneath thy way, J
Where'er tby fold shall blaze,
Throne, crown end sceptre melt away;
Kings tremble as they gazet
And lenovated million rise,
. , Like Bethel' host to see ' . . ; 1
The star that guides their longing eyes -
- The star of liberty! - , - -
Europe! thy down-trod myriads wake,
Bleeding at every pore; ''
' Ireland) thy children's fetter break,
' France, red with human gore.
Awake! fn God's own image made,
Arise, your rights receive; - ' .
"' Tha brazen serpent is displayed . :
Awake, look up and llvel ' fL-
' Flag ot the free, thy pathway holds .
i i tn Its course o'er every foe; : . ' c i .! :
Atlantic breeze wll thy told, - .,
-Pacific zephyr blow.
- And loon, as God is provident, ' ' .
We'll bound thee by the sea; ,
. Can, Butler, and THaooaTiitEHT, ;
Our motto then shall be. : '
- The north and south in anion joined,
" The east and west hall vie, '
!" '-1 In harmony and peace combined ' '''i ' -''
" 'Neath Freedom's watchful eye. '' ' .
O'er ever land thy folds shall fly, ' ' ;
. . . And every eye shall see,
'; , Cass, Butler, akd democract, '
' , The banner of the free.
Dont jBecome Eich; Again!"
BT MRS. -SIOOCRNET.
' "Pve lost my whole, fortune;' said a
merchant a lie returned one evening
to his home; "we can no longer Keep
our carriage.' We must leave this
large .house... The children can no
longer go to expensive schools. Yes
terday 1 was a rich man. To-day there
is nothing 1 can call mv own. '
"IJear husband, said the wile, "we
are still rich in each other and our chil
dren. ' Money may pass away, but
God has civs' n us a better treasure in
those active hands and loving hearts."
" "Dear father," said the children, "do
not look so sad. W e will help you to
get a living.
.1 VV hot nnn vmt n nnnr Ihinirir7
said he." . '
"You shall see -you shall see," a
swered several cheerful voices. . "It is
a pity if we have . been to school for
nothing. How can (he father of eight
children be poor! . We shall work and
make you rich again." - . ,
' 41 1 shall help," said the youngest girl,
hardly four years old. "1 will not have
any new things bought, and I shall sell
my great doll." -
Ihe heart of the husband and father,
which had sunk within his bosom like
a stone, was lifted up. The sweet en
thusiasm of the scene cheered him, and
his nightly prayer was like a song of
. They left his stately house. I he
servants were dismissed. Pictures and
plate,. rich carpets and furniture, were
soldi and she- who had been so. long
mistress of the mansion, shed no tear.
"Pay every debt,1! said, she; lel no
one sutler through us, and we may yet
be happy." ' ;u. .r,,-
arw ai at
lie rented a neat cottage ana a small
piece of ground, a (ew mites ' from' the
city. With the aid of his sons, he cul
tivated vegetables for the markets " He
viewed: with delight and astonishment
the economy of his wife nurtured, as
she Jiad been, ia wealth and the effi
ciency which his daughters goon acquir
ed under, her training. ,' .. j, ; K, : : 8
Jhe eldest one assisted her m the
werk of the household, aud also assisted
the younger children. Besides, they
executed various works, which they had
earned as accomplishments, but which
they found could be disposed of to ad
vantage. The embroidered With taste
6m of the ornamentai parts of female
CAMBT THOSE ralWCIPLE AMD HBASOKB INTO
apparel, which they readily sold to a
mercnani in tne city. , :
. lliey cultivated flowers, and sent
boquets to market, in the cart that con
veyed the vegetables; they : plaited
straw; they pninted maps; they execu
ted plain needlework.' Every ono was
at her post, busy and cheerlul. The
cottage was like a bec-hive.
"I never enjoyed such health before,"
"And I was never so happy before,"
said the mother. '
- "We never knew how many things
we could do when we lived in the great
house," said the children; "and we love
each other a great deal better here
you call us your little bees."
"Yes," replied the father; "and you
make just such honey as the heart loves
to leeu on."
Economy as well as industry, was
strictly observed nothing was wasted
Nothing unnecessary was purchased.
The eldest daughter became assistant
teacher in a distinguished female semi
nary, and the second took her place as
instructress to the family.
The little dwelling which had at
ways been kept neat, they were soon
able to beautify. Its construction was
improved; vines and flowering trees
were planted around it. The merchant
was happier under his own- woodbine
covered porch, in a summers evening,
than he had been io his showy drawing
"We are now thriving and prosper
ous," said he; '.'shall we return to the
city'" , -
"0, no, no," was the unanimous re
ply. , - .
'Let-us remain,'' said the wife
"where we have found health and con
' "Feather,'' said the youngest, "all we
children hope you are not going to be
rich again; for . then," she added, "we
little ones were shut up in the nursery,
and we did not see much of you or
mother. JNow we all live together; and
sister, who loves us, teaches us, and we
learn to be industrious and useful. We
were none of us happy when we were
rich, and did not work. . So fathe
please not be a rich man any more."
: The Health of Farmers.
At one of the agricultural meetings
recently held in the State-House at
Boston, the subject for discussion was
"Ihe i Influence, of Agriculture on
Health." We extract the following
from the Boston Cultivator: ;
Doctor Jarvis, of Dorchester, (author
of a popular work on physiology,) open
ed the discussion. , He said that all were
interessed in this subject. People in
the city depending on the farmer for
their support, were interested in his
success. He is healthy for reasons that
are very obvious. The farmer takes
exercise in the open air. In his great
variety ol work, ploughing, mowing,
raking, hoeing, lifting, carrying, foe, he
brings into exercise every muscle ot his
body. His appetite and digestion are
good, and his sleep is welcome and re
freshing. All the morbid matter, of the
system is thrown off, nnd it is renova
ted by a fresh supply of matter, giving
health and strength. Sailors exercise
thoroughly only the arms, hands, and
fingers, and these become strong and
firm, while their legs, that are exercis
ed but little, become almost too weak
to support them. The arms ot the
blacksmith, from much exercise, become
strong and muscular. Ihe farmer is
comparatively free from anxiety, while
the merchant is frequently hazarding
his whole property, and an adverse turn
may send him to the poor-house. The
farmer ulwavs succeeds ia some of his
crops at least, so he always has enough.
Let what will happen, he has the meat,
the milk, and the bread of his own pro
duction. He has always enough for a
comtortable subsistence; as to profits
there may be some uncertainty, let
everything is not bright on the farmei's
side. He may be out in storms and
cold, and thus be exposed to diseases.
He has a great deal of hard labor to per
form. He does too much.' He labors
from sun to sun. Ten. hours per day
is enough to work, and a farmer that
labors only, this length of time will per
form more Irom his birth lo. his grave
than he who labors to excess in early
manhood, or from fifteen to thirty years
of age. Our farmers begin to fail at 50
years of age, and put the hard labor on
the younger men. Some fail at' forty-
five. From this age or fifty they de
cline till seventy, when they lire good
for nothing, cut let them work in mod
eration, and they would still be strong
and efficient at seventy years of age. -Farmers
while young are anxious to
provide for old age and by excessive la
bor they create a necessity for such pro
vision,' whereasy i( thejr labored moder
ately while joung they would have
strength to support them when old.
Farmers eat too much heavy food, and
salt provisions. . Among the premiums
at cattle shows, one should be given
for the best loaf of brown bread. Good
bread is important to health. Some
farmers drink too much coffee, which is
very injurious. Some eat everything
that is convenient, and at the same time
not considering what is wholesome.
He knew a farmer who took excellent
caro of his stock; he fed some with a
view to labor, others for milk, and oth
ers for the purpose ot fattening them.
His system was good. He was a nice
observer. But he neglects himself.
He said that he could not work after
noons, and on Mondays he could not
work at all. He felt a weakness and
s'nking at the stomach. On inquiry as
to his living, he found that he ate Indian
bread for dinner, and on Mondays he
ate Indian pudding in addition. He ad
vised him to use white bread, which he
did, and was then healthy and strong.
Farmers were often inconsiderate as to
the location of their dwellings. They
were very particular as to their barns,
but their dwelling houses might be near
low lands and stagnant water. In ma
king their compost heaps, they were
careful about saving manure, but it
might be so located that the effluvia
from it would be carried to the house,
regardless of their influence on the
health of the family.
Arrival from the Pacific.
Prosperity and "Wealth of California
Captain Samuel V. Shreve, late of
the barque Annetta, of Boston, sold in
the Pacific, passed through New York
on Wednesday, en route from the west
ern shore of America to Boston. Cap
tain S. came overland, across the Isth
mus of Panama, and was a bearer of
dispatches from our naval force at Ma
zatiun to the government, which have
been forwarded to Washington. -He
passed Mr. Livingston and family in
crossing the Isthmus, on the 28th of
June. They were all well. The ad
vices from California, by Captain S.,
are to the 30th of March, as given in
the following interesting letter to the
New York ileiald:
California, March 30, 1848.
Private and public, religious and po
litical affairs are all right side up in Cal
ifornia. . i
Col. Mason moves on slow and steady
cutting cown his expense to a small
scale, and keeping the CountryNin as
good order as possible. , Our Governor
has but Jew troops; the Warren is our
squadron yet our situation appears
safe. All our Yessels-of-war of this
station, are holding possession ot the
Pacific ports of Mexico. They will
move for California in June, to avoid
the gales of San Bias and Mazatlan. ,
Trade is fast increasing with us. Jn
1 847 our imports exceeded the amounts
of several previous years.
t arms are being settled, and by men
who will soon know their value; tho
tide of emigration has as yet set for the
Oregon as in '46 and .'47. We pur
chased large amounts of flour and lum
ber, and some few other articles;' they
have cracked up that country m a fine
style. In the fall of '46 the new state
of affairs, the entrance of so manv stran
gers, the presence of a large squadron,
soon consumed every article in the mar
ket. We therefore purchased flour and
boards at the Oregon: this is now to
stop. Saw mills and flour mills are
rising in every direction; by nextvear
the price of lumber in California and the
freight from Oregon will be the same.
Out farming lands are fast rising in val
ue; house lots in towns 1,000 per cent.
in value. 1 here are several your
men, who arrived here in '46, that have
made $5,000 to $15,000 in lanJ specu-
Mines are discovered in many places,
but quicksilver is to enrich California
beyond all ethermines. 1 There is one
now in operation belonging to Barron,
orbes & to., an Jbnglish 1 house . in
Mexico. The workmen at this mine
use the common try-pots, a few picks
and crowbars, and for a few days past
have bottled off . 300 dollars per day.
presume the expenses are less than
one quarter. The ore is simple rock,
mostly of red ooloi; is merely brpke
and heated, producing one-fourth its
weight in pure metal. By dropping a
pinch of it on a hot iron, covering it
with a tea cup two minutes, the cup is"
covered with the smoke. - This being
rubbed carefully by the finger in some
cases, produced a globule the size of a
pea. Almost the same expense and la
bor employed in Pennsylvania, in ob
taining a ton of iron j will obtain a ton
... MXCHANICAL KXCCUTI01C
H. ADOLPHUB fctfi'i
TERMS OF ADVERTISING. '"
Advertisement t inserted at 50 cent perYqtjJfre,
(fourteen lines or less,) for the first insertiotind
25 cents for each subsequent insertion.''- One 'Vol
umn one month tJ7 00. Three months' fie.i
months $15. Twelre months $25. ttfi
Of every description neatly and eilpediliouity
executed at the office of the 'Spirit1 of Democracy;
snd at reasonable prices. b !
of quicksilver in Cfllifornto."' Neither
you nor your readers are expected to :
believe this most Incredibfe" story Vy'et
such is the fact. The quicksilver oV
tained at the Forbes mines','' in'' one
week, will pay for the mairfgineryl
When the expected works from Eu
rope reach this country, ihe' tons of
quicksilver will show for itself.' '"'y
Near the Pueblo de Saa ; Jose, 'tin
American has two leagues' 'of' Jftrid,
which cost him lour hundred dollars,
A nentleman from Virriniil. lutefiP'ir
rived here, has purchased a small -part
of this land at five hundred dollars, an J .
should it have quicksilver,"' htftfx-
pects, is to pay several thousands mdre.
There is a minin? c.omDnttV establish-
ed here, who do not wish to commence
working their quicksilver ore t(ntiF tfiey
have proper machinery. 'They'Kro
not satisfied with theyslow'p'rocie'ss of
Barron, Foibes & Co' wh'c.ho'evr,
this month make their first shipmerff'lo
Mazatlan, b twenty thousand fldltars.
South California this' month W.ik'eHfte
first move towards shipping this ajl
important article to work the MexTtau
gold and silver mines . ' , . ;' Pa1sa.no.
Idle. Daiighters. .
Ht is." says Mrs. Ellis ft nOofltpam-
ful spectacle in families where theO-
er i the drudge, to see the. daughters
elegantly dressed, reclining, atniheir
ease, with their drawing, theiryfnusie,
their fancy work, and their reading.Jbe-
guiling themselves of the lapie of. hours, '
days, and weeks and never dreamtrgjo!
their 'responsibilities; but as, neces
sary consequence of the neglect of duty,
growing weary of their: useless- Jives,
laying hold of every newlyi invented1
stimulent to rouse their drooping ener
gies, and blaming their fate, when tiitjy
dare not blame their God, foe havibj
placed them where the v-are. .t-sUti
.iTi : i:.,:.i.i. V.:ii r .
1 licsc iiiuimuuuia niuuiicu. icu iuu
with an air of effected compassion (for
who can believe it real?) that poor mam
ma is working herself to deatru.i.' f
"Yet no sooner do you- propose that
they should assist her, than they declare
that she is quite in her element, in short
that she would never be Jiappy-j- she
had onlv half as much to d, t r. ni
Gen, Butler's Barn-bnrain Feat -
In the second sanguinary, battle bf
the river Haisin, on the 22nd qf . Jan
uary, with the British and. Indians, an
other act of self-devotion' was perform
ed by Butler.- ; After theroute aqd
massacre of the; right .wing belqngirig
to AVell's command, ttye whole force of -the
British and Indians was 'concentrat
ed against, the . small. , hbdjT pf Jttjbojs
under Major Madison, that maintained
their ground within tbe , picketed gar
dens. A double barri,conYmanding a plot
of ground on which the Jvejitutfkiaus
stood, was approached on one'sWe 'oy
chard and fence; the Britisli on We o'tji-
side beinn so Dosted as to command
the space between it andlthe.mclieis.
A patty in the rear of the'barn,were
discovered advancing, tqiake p.osses
sion of il. All saw the Mni.ficpns--quences
of the secure, hdgefuijtlf bf
the enemy, at a place wrdcljwoujd
present every man within jthe. picket
at a close rifle shot to the, aim -o their
marksmen. Major Madison, inquired
if there was no one who would volun
teer to run the gauntlet, of, the fiie of
the British and Indian lines, and to put
a torch to the combustibles , within th
barn, losave the little, .remnant of; the
army from sacrifice. ; Butlkh, without
a moment's delay, , .took pSome,, .blazing
sticks from the fire at hand, leaped ihe
pickets'and running at liis.utniust sbfed,,
thrust the fire into the strawiWi'tiuBttIA
barn. : One who was an anxiotfs spec
tator of the event .we narrate, says'
"that although volley upon volley 'was
fired at him," Butlor, fcfter.tmifcing
tome steps on his way ; back, w&ej to
see if the (ire fiad taken, and not being .
satisfied returnbd andrBet in blase.
As the conflagration grew, the Vajmy
was retreating Troni j.tTifiyer'oriho
building, which they, had onierecl at onsf
end, as the flames ascerie'ttouw
er.'i Soon after reaching the'ricki'ls Si
safety, amid the shouts of )U ,fr-ieri'.f
he was struck by a ball, In '.'fsVisL
Believing from the pain that! hQii that
it had penetrated his chest, .trniaa
Adjutant (now Genera!) .Mcpajla pijp
of his Lexington comrades, apd'p'tjssC
his hand to the spot, he said, fea'ci "
shot is mortal, but while f amtiblL
move I wiU do my duty!''w' Tpfher
xious enquiry of his" friend,' 'o'let.
with him soon afterward jagarne
opened his vest withj a .smile, end's flow
ed him that' the ball hkd spent itseort
the thick wadding ol his coat and pn us
breast bone. He suffered.' however.
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