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T22 SPIRIT OF ? DEMOCRACY.
JAB. R. MORRIS, PROPRIETOR. WOOPSFIELP, OHIO, AUG. 0. 1848. j , , ; FOR PRESIDENT, , WiljE WIS CASS, : or michiqah. ' " FOR VICE PRESIDENT, WLLIAM O. BUTLER, i' ''"'-'-. 0r KENTUCKY. ELECTORAL TICKET, - " SENATORIALELECTORS. ; L Grand Byington, of Pike cuunly. 8amui Starkweather, of Cuyshae;!. DISTRICT ELECTORS. lit District, John Snyder, Hamilton. ' 'Sd , George Keeling, Warren. . M ' . ' . Francis A. Cunningham, Preble. 4th ' G.Volney Dorsey, Miami. 6th Charles M. Godfrey, Putnam. th Samuel Myers, Crawford. , 7th John W. Bell, Highland. 8th " Daniel CockerHI, Adams. 9th ' " Samuel Diffen derfer, Pickaway. - i 10th ; ' ' Theodore Carpenter, Delaware, j , 11th " Daniel J. Swiuney, Richland. 12th " Lewis Anderson, Lawrence. ! 18th " John Lldey, Perry. -i 14th ' ; William Lawrence, Guernsey. 15th 4 16th , . Joseph Burns, Cdshocton. ; . 17th Win. McDonald, Jefferson. i !l8th David A. Starkweather, Stark. 19th , Joel B- Buttles, Trumbull. ; a0th( Henry B. Payne, Cuyahoga, list 1 . Abijah Ives, Huron. "' ' FOR GOVERNOR, JOHN B. WELLER, OF BUTLER COUNTY. '" FOR CONGRESS, ; WILLIAM KENNON, Jr. Monroe County Democratic Ticket -.;" FOR REPRESENTATIVE, JAMES 11. MORRIS. FOR AUDITOR. THOMAS WEST. f FOR COMMISSIONER, THOMAS GRIFFITH. in the free, territories of the United j MBy the general law of nations, no States. An ,Arnerican,, travelling in "nation is bound to recognise the state France, can recover ahorse taken from alV?.T' a8 r ,8n VV" ,ouna hm u r,- . f-.,4 x. . .;.k . its territorial dominions, when him by force or fraud-not so with a it is in opposilion to ita, own policy a.H.. .uu ..w.ow.b tana institutions, in lavor oi the sub- recognised as a chattel, a slave as a hu- "jects of other nations where slavery manbeintr. A Kentuckian, purchasing "is recognized. If it does it, it is as a n fnrm in Ohin. nn rmnv hi. hnr. "matter of comity, and not as a matter j kia ,.u j km "of international right. The stale of 0 - . , .. , ml- ' y Slavery it deemed to be a mere munici- uuiuwi bo wan i ., fuming pal regulation, founded upon and limit can be held as property here in Ohio, l'ed to the range of the territorial laws." except such things as are recognised as 16 1 eters, 61 1. property by the common law, the stat- wm advance another idea o ute law, the laws of nations or of na- two md close. Suppose a slave-holder ture. Does the Constitution of the of Kentucky should carry his slaves in United States create slavery, or make to California, by what laws would he human beings the subject of barter? Most assuredly not. True the Consti tution provides that a slave escaping from one State into another shall be re stored or given up. But this at once bo governed in the holding of his slaves there being no law in the territory up on that subject? Would it be by the laws of Kentucky or of South Carolt na? .Would the slaves from diffeient proves that slavery exists not by force Stales be governed by different laws of the law of nations or of nature. He who assumes the position that Where is the clause in the constitution slaves could be held in California, where that provides that a horse or an ox escap ing from one State into another shall be restored ? Such a provision would be absurd, because they Me property ev erywhere. The slave clause at once there is no law upon the subject, must also assume that they must be held un der the laws of the States from whence they came; because slavery can only exist bv positive law. The laws of COL. J. B. WELLER, The Democratic Candidate for Governor, will address the people of this county, at this place, on Wednesday, Sept 0, Congressional Convention. The Congressional District Conven tion came off at Morristown, on Fri day, the 18th insL, at which the Hon. Wm. Kennon, Jr., our present talent ed representative, was nominated for re-election, on the 24th balloting. Each of the three counties composing the District, ; presented a candidate, 'who received the almost unanimous cnnnnrt a(" thfl lolnrrntoo fmm h!a ntn county. . On the 23d balloting Mr. Jewett, of Harrison, declined being ; j i i ' cousiuereu any longer a canuiaaie, ana thereupon the convention, the next bal loting, nominated Mr. Kennon. A resolution was unanimously adopted by 'the Convention declaring that they would use all honorable means to pro cure the election of the nominee. William J. Fry, of Harrison, was chosen to fill the vacancy in the Elec toral ticket, occasioned by the resigna tion of Col. Wm. C. Walton. We have not yet received the offi cial proceedings of the Convention, but 'will publish them as soon as they corne to hand. ' Slavery in the Territories. ' We have delated for a greater length of time than we intended, our remarks on the subject which heads this article. From what we have already said, we have no doubt our readers nave come to the conclusion that we are opposed to the extension of slavery by the ac tion of the General Government; or in other words, that Congress cannot ex- tirpate slavery where it exists, nor create it where it does not exist. - In our paper of the 5th inst., we ought to establish the position that sla very ceuld not. exist without positive law. ' This we believe is now admitted jn the north, as being true, if so, can the slave-holder take his slaves to Cali fornia, (which is now free territory and was so when acquired,) and hold them "Without any positive statute on the sub ject, the same as the citizen o( the free etate could hold a horse? The slave bolder contends. that ' he can, for the simple reason that the territories of the United Stages are the common proper ty of all the people of all the States; and .that he has as much right to be protect ed in the enjoyment of the labor of his lave, as another citizen has of the la bor of his horse. The Supreme Courts of Kentucky and Mississippi have de cided that slavery exists not by force of the law of nations or of nature, but by positive law. This position, without a (WQrd further on the subject, .at once refutes the idea that slavery can exist proves that slavery is not only an excep-jsome of the slave States permit slaves to be taught to read and write, whilst others do not. Then the slaves from Delaware would have advantages over the slaves of South Carolina, and all in the same territory'.! If a slave was kidnapped in California, how would the kidnapper be punished, if he could be punished at all? By the laws of Dela ware or Kentucky? , These questions, we think, show the absurdity of the position that slave-holders can carry their slaves into California, and hold them, without positive statute. In the tion, but that it requires provisions which no other property requires. In addition to this, we all recognise the African race as human beings; and the Constitution of the United States also recognises them as such in the clause which provides for the apportionment of representatives and direct taxes. This clause is in the following words: "Representatives and direct taxes "shall be apportioned among the sever- "a I States which may be included in the 'Union, according to their respective ii i u .u-il i. J.t ,i I ' iiumuris, which biiuii uo uciciumicu cj-.. r ru- u v ..l.. ' . i - . . ff... State of Ohio a horse is exempt from iiv iiiiiiiiiir iri iriH w m iiuinimr in uhh i persons, including those bound to ser- levy and Bal "Pon execution; in Vir "vice for a term of years, and excluding B'n'a this is not the case. Now if an Indians not taxed, three fifths of all Ohioan and a Virginian would each "other persons." tate a (j0rge from their respective This clause, all are aware, includes States jnt0 the territory of California. the slaves of the souththat is "three- woud one be exempt from salo upon fifths of all other persons," or in other execution and the other not? No. A words, "three-fifths of all" the slave horse is propertv by the laws of na- population. The Constitution again tions. and both would be eoverned bv declares that Isnnh Inua if nnnn nthr vaera in ovic. "The emigration or importation of nnf nmnnr,w Kv th. usuchpersons as any of the States now , , ,. . . .h.n ihink ,., w-rfmit ,aws of nations, and as a matter o! "shall not be prohibited by Congress course would be free the moment he set "prior to the year 1808." his feet on the free territory of Califor- Again: - na. Because, by the decision of the "No person held io service or labor Supreme Court, above referred to "the "in one State under the laws thereof, state of slavery is deemed to be a mere "escaping into another, shall, in conse quence of any law or regulation there "in, be discharged from Buch service or "labor.but shall be delivered up on claim "of the party to whom such service or "labor may be due." munieipal regulation, founded upon and limited to the range of the territorial taws.u That is, by "the range of the territorial laws" we understand that slavery cannot reach or extend beyond Snbstanee of Remarks f v v a 0 n HAnnra I &f UPON THE ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE : WAS NOMINATED BY THE LATE COUNTY CONVENTION , AS THE DE MOCRATIC CANDIDATE FOR REPRE SENTATIVE FOR MONROE COUNTY. Mr. PrcriJtnt and Gentlemen Delegates: The announcement has just been made to me that I have been nominated by this Convention, composed of five delegates from each township, as their choice tor Representative. This an nouncement gentlemen, came to me very unexpectedly, and was made by you without any effort or exertion on my part, or on the part of my friends. It is the spontaneous action of this Con vention, for which you have my most sincere and heartfelt thanks; and for which I shall ever hold each of you in grateful remembrance., I have not travelled one half mile, or written a single line to any individual to secure this nomination; neither has any friend of mine that I am aware of, I have not solicited the suffrages of a single dele gate to this Convention, nor have any of my friends for me. For the truth of the force of circumstances, to live eith? CASS,' BUTLER, 1 WELLER nnt er injhis place or that? r f J, I DEMOCRACY.'". J?.1 :.:.:LA 1 T S I hope, gentlemen," that we all feel The Convention after giving three too deeply the necessity for union, liar- loud huzzas for the candidates' pe many and concert of action in the de mocratic party, to let any little personal prejudices or sectional differences in fluence our political action. The pre sent crisis is one ol too great impor tance to be passed in wrangling among ourselves. We are now. in the midst of the Presidential campaign for .1848, and the great questions to be decidecj by the election pi Gen. Cass or Gem Taylor to the Chair of State, are of too much magnitude to be' lightly looked upon. In the person of Gen. Cass we recognize the avowed advocate of the known principles of the democratic party. And if we believe those prin ciples are better calculated to promote the welfare of the great body of the people, than are those of the whig par ty, we should lay our shoulders to the wheel, and give a long pull, a strong pull, and a pull altogetheV for Cass Butler, Weller and Democracy. ' On the other hand, the whig party Democracy, for, President, Vice (.Presi dent and Governor, adjourned without : v , Congressional. ' : .'SL . Senate. A uo. 1 2.- The Oregorj Jer ritorial bill' came up from the fjotise, with the refusal of that hodjAaltoiumr in the amendment o the Senate, adopt ing the 'Missouri ''compromise. Mr. Benton moved that the Senate recede from its amenc'meat. . . Upon this motion an. animated dis cussion was kept during the entire day, and until .' near 10 o'clck,.r Sunday morning. . During the discussion Mr. Butler of South Carolina, charged Mr. Benton with having violated the rules of the Senate, by sending to 'the N. Y. Herald certain resolutions acted upon in secret session.' ' Mr; Benton replied that if Mr. Butler said he (Mr.1 Benton) had done any thing dishonorable, he (Mr. Butler) would , get the lie in his throat; and would havevto' meet him elsewhere. ' Mr'.: Benton, said iefquar reled with no' man lie foueht -he fought once to the funeral to the these assertions, I appeal to every one haTe nominated, as their champion ond rutr.buhe,never,3U?rrled,'i,i T?" r L ii . . . . . mi . . uiuumii u uuei wouiu crow oui pi una of your honorable body. I was asked l", Gen. Taylor. They nominated pagsge of wordg.. but pur latest datee oy some aeiegaies, io-day, who were ucuauso oi ms preai aDimies say that Jh's will not.be the case. We my personal and intimate friends, if I as a statesman, but because they be- regret to heat,.of .such scenes occur- would be a candidate if nominated,-- lieved ne was their most available can- j"S in,ne Senate of the United States. My reply was. that if my friends thought date. Neither they nor their candi- B!iftB0?i proper to nominate me, and if thai nom- ante nave made any declaration of cedins trom the amen(jmen. hv which ination could be made without injury opinion for the "public eye." And has the Missouri, compromise had been in to the democratic party, I would accept 'l come to this, fellow-citizens, that any serted, was as lollows; ' - r. But f thev bel eved that mv nomi. portion ol the people of this creal re- nye messrs. Alien, oaiawin, uea . J , - u nation would have any tendency to di- public will blindly give their support to vide the party more than that of any of a man without principles, without any the other individuals spoken of for that known abilities as a statesman, and station, I requested them to cast their without any personal qualities to re vntpq for qnmc nthpr pnnflirlnto. fr.r iUa I commend him to the neonla of this .u. i l.j .i j r.i' ...Lnnnirtr tk. ikm un. v,. ... ham, Walker, icvu uiai-i uau ma gopo oj mo pariy """"; .. .at .imjr nuvo v.,,M A.a;. n.Aa, more at heart than my own advance- gailed in a war, which the whigs have Bell.Berrien, Borland, Butler,' Calhoun, ment; and thai the propriety of my decounced as unholy,unjust and damna- Davis of Mississippi, Downs;' Foote, being nominated must be judged of by We7.: If so, I am much mistaken. Gen. Hunter, Johnson of Md., Johnson of ton, Bradbury, Breeze, Bright, Camer on, Clarke, Corwin, Davis, of 'Massa chusetts, Dayton, Dickinson, Dix,'Doug lass, Dodge, Felch, Fitzgerald, Green, Hale, Hamlin, Hannegan, Houston, Miller, JNiles, rhtlps, bpruancc, Up: Webster 29., We merely quote these passages of the limits of the territory or the State the Constitution in order to show that the Constitution, wherever it refers to slaves speaks of them as persons and not as properly. We now ask whence Jhe power to hold slaves in the free territories of the United States without positive law, under the Constitution, merely because the territories are the common property of nil the people of all the States? We answer that no such authority exists. And to further substantiate this position, in connection with what we have already said, we quote the following additional article in which slavery exists. This is ob viously the meaning of the Supreme Court. If so, a slave ceases to be slave tho moment he is carried by his master into free territory. To prove that California is free territory, we have only to cite to the decree of the United Mexican States, oi September 13, 1829, by which it was decreed "1. That slavery be exterminated in the Kepublic. "2. Consequently, those are free who to this day have been looked upon as slaves. We close this article for this week; from the Constitution, being an extract promising, however, to continue it in iromineniinarucieoi ineamenomenis, a future number, in which we will un which declares that "no person shall dertake to show that the position occu be deprived of life, liberty ot properly, pied by Gen, Cass upon the gubiect of without due process of law." Now what other means is there, to deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, except to discharge a debt, fine, or amercement, or as a pnnishment for the commission of crime? This would be by due process of law ; and any other mode ot depriving a person of "liberty or property." would be "without due procestt of law," and consequently con slavery in the territories, is, and will be as effectual in preventing the extension of slavery as that of any other position that can be occupied. From the Washington Union. General Taylor's last! Some days ago, when Gen. Taylor's letter accepting the whig nomination appeared, we contrasted it with his pie vious declarations, and asked whether trary to the Constitution. 6imply then, the whig party had in fact a candidate. this clause of the Constitution which appears they have not! In the fol- provides that no person shall be de- ,owin? letter, eleven dayi later that the i -f i:f- :i..... . . lcF'J iuvicucuui 1110 ucuciai Fuvu . ,c, uuc.iy, r pr0p0fiy, finalyandfiim, decinegthehonorol without due process of law," means that being B0 considered. : The whics. as a no person shall be deprived of life, lib- party, are very unfortunate. This is erty, or property, except for a viola-not the entertainment. to which Mr. tion of law. Now what law has the African violated that he should "be de prived" of his "liberty," and his poster ity after him, forever f The idea that slavery can exist in the free territories of the United States without positive law, is so absurd, that we ought to blush for the ignorance of him who ad vances it. But again: In the case of Prigg vs. Saunders and the Louisiana delegation, "by authority," invited them at Phila delphia: , ' , ... , 7 , Baton Roues, La., July 24, 1 848. Dkar sir: Your letter of the 5th in stant, asking of me a line or '.wo in re gard to my position as a candidate for the Presidency, has been duly received. In reply, 1 have to say that I am not a party candidate, and if elected shall not be the President of a party, but the the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the President of the whole people. Supreme Court of the United States, M am, dear sir, with high respect and Mr. JusticeStory delivering the opinion FeSard' yoar moit obedienmnt, oi the Court, held that ,: U. i v Gioroe Lippabp; esqi Phil'a., Pa. ': " I 1 e r the delegates; because I had not visited Taylor, is not believed by them to be M-'0-' Johnson ol bn., Lewis,, Mangum, I i I I1 1 n ii n n R 9 t . I 1).. ..a. It ...1. C.l. any part of the county, and knew not ne of their great statesmen. Availi- " "aK the state of public feeline. This, pen- bility was all that was required. If v.,ion tlemen, is my entire action upon the iney 9ave " him what they sought,. So the Oregon bill has passed both ubiect, and, therefore, it is that I feel nm again mistaken. Henry Clay once Houses without the Missouri Comprom the more gratefully and sensibly: this prayed that war, pestilence and famine lse anl wWl 108 vvilmot frovisq At nnn,in,inn.Mnr.rJ .A ii m krht v is it the far land. mithr ihnn a "" ,w ocii.uo uujumt.u. luiiiiuu mv ii wvn itn upuu iiive no ii i o " ------ J has been, without any solicitation or exertion on my part, or the part of my friends. I know, gentlemen, that there exists some prejuce against the nomination of candidate living in the centre of the county, or in this town. To what ex- I tent that prejudice exists I am not pre pared to say. The nominations of the democratic party have always received my individual support, and always shall, so long as those nominations are made in accordance with the usages of the democratic party, whether the candi dates live in the north, east, south or west of the county. When the nomi- nations are made I know no geographi cal division?. My only enquiries are, is he capable? is he honest? is he the military chieftain should be elevated to ;: :No busjpess of ge()eral impo4rlance mo cacuuuvb past 01 wiis nauon, was transacted m , the House,, except without anything else to recommend such as heretofore published. , ! him. Gen. Taylor has no other recom- Senate. Auo. 14. Mr. Benton call- mendation. Perhaps be may have one e.a ,or "on.iaeration or tne resoiji- ,u. .w n i - r Hon, which suspends for to-day the. rule other, and that is this: Gov. Jones, of whi(:h preventbill8t pagged uriog ,h. Tennessee, says that no man on God's ast three days of the session, from.be- lootstool can say that General Taylor mg sent to the President, on the, last ever told a lie. , Now if it is any groti- aV thereof. Upon this resolution. con fication to the whigs, I will admit that 8ldercable discussion arose; and. South- I . . I . If . .si will WVIIUtWIO UGIIUUUCU , UUIIUII V he is a truth-telling and truth-lov.ng Congress on the Oregon bill. The res man; for he says, in one of his letters. - 111 .l -J 1 that for the past . forty years he has been in the camp or the field, and has not, therefore, had time to form any opinion upon any of the gteat poljtical questions of the day. He thereby ad mits, in so many words, that he is not Oregon bill, with many others receiv ed the sanction of the President, and " the Senate adjourned sine die. . . ? HOUSE OF KEPRESENTATIVES. The House met at 10 o'clock, as usu al, but no business of any importance was transacted, the two remaining hours of the present session ot Congress having been chiefly occupied , in, , th,e signing of bills by the Speaker, receiv ing messages from the Senate, and jjn fit to be President; and 1 believe him, choice of those who contend for the for Gov. Jones says he wont lie. rights and interests of-the people? The whig candidate for Vine Pesi- And if your choice had to-day fallen up- dent is a man of known intellectual abil-l voting on suspending the rules to re- on another individual, he should have Hies, but one whom the democracy can- ceive sunory resolutions. had my undivided and warmest sup- not support for his known advocacy, while in Congress, of the late odious and unjust Bankrupt law, and other in equitable measures of that celebrated Congress. But Mr. Fillmore, had to give way to Gen. Availibility Taylor, and take (he nomination for Vice Presi port. J would, if it had been necessary, addressed the people in every village and township in the county, in support of that nomination, with what little ability I may possess. All my efforts, humble though they be, would have have been directed to the success of the ticket. But, gentlemen, you have, with' out solicitation, conferred the nomina tion for Representative upon me with out solicitation, I say, because each and every one of you are aware, that I have not said a single word upon the subject to any of you, unless first spoken to; and not even then did 1 solicit support. That 1 may be opposed, for the rea son that I live at the centre of the coun ty, is probable. But the centre of the county, cannot nominate a candidate alone she must have assistance; and in this instance I have received support not only from the centre, but from thq eastern, western, northern and southern parts of the county.' If I am; not' able to own a farm in the western part ol the county, or some place: else within its borders, and am therefore compelled to reside at the centre, to procure a living at my: busineis as publisher of a news paper, it Is my misfortune and not my fault. Individuals may not, and do not, in a great measure have the control of their places of residence. ' But lam no ess a democrat, because I reside in Woodsfield. , Must a candidate be pro scribed, because lie ii compelled, from In returning the Oregon bill to the Mouse, with his signature, the President delivered, by his Private Secretary fa message in writing, from which we ex tract the following: . ... .v. ;,.'; ' . ; After alluding to the necessity of pro viding immediately a Government -fat Oregon, the President proceeds:, ,,",4 "In tha ni:nnrro9 nf nil Dnrarnin.nl dent, otherwise called the "hind-legs" questions of such transcendent .imnor- r.u. a 1 .. . . I . . r7 ui mo iiuitei. n western eunor,ana a mnce occasionuy arise as to cast intf whig at that, when he first heard of the ,nade a" tn0ie f a mere party charac nomination of Taylor and Fillmore, r. But one such question; can, no, !"' :s ".' " JSS5r tie expected as would be a visit from 0f our greatness and all Lour, politic the man in the moon. It is a perfect blessings. , This question is slavery kangaroo ticket the strongest in the the slave-holding Sutei ihi des, hind-lcs?' V ; ,. i not embrace mejrely -.the rights of prop , . . , 1 ... ..... ..... erty, however valuable, but ascends fir But, gentlemen, I will detain you; but higher, and involyes the domf stic peacft a moment longer. , I have been a lesi- and security : of every family,, ." ', dent of this county for the last twenty ,;','The. fathers of ; the : Copstiltation years. ; I have grown up' .amoog jou ho Mip?.94 and profess to know . omething o the ing the dangcr from this quarterS wants and wishes of the people.- in a spirit to.f compromise, and. mutual Should t be ao fortunate as to be eject- concession on this dangerous anc). ed, I shall labor to carry out the will cate subject, and their wjsdo'n! ppgfcl ta and wishes of the people so far as they bLe ih! S"id6 f their successors, ; Whilst may be known to me. f If my democrat- '"iT ic friends shall think itnecessary, I will their respective limi?sinIyrSS be happy to address them, at any time that.slaves who might escape n4o 'otfie they may designate,' bet ween this and States, not recognising, the iufafifa the Presidential election.1 Permit me Pf ''avery, ,ajl be delivered up .ob, the again ,to return to. ypu my sincere v l w 7 r "'W . . r . . - . vice or labor may be due thank for the honor this day conferred (Upon this foundaSoa tbV 'ittVr upon me. . ,r.:, rested until ,lha Missouri' Question i. ". Hoping that union, harmony and con- ros U : . cert .of action, will be the ruling motives trl lJ,PP?,'?a' ' ... , ? made to Congress by the dbod e of t oi eacn ana e very oneoi us, let us sen- Missouri TerritnrvVnr urate by giving three hearty-cheer's for J thejnion ai Sui.Tlwawcai the