THE SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY
JAsTrT MORRIS, PROPRIETOR.
WOODSFIELD, OHIO, JAN. 1, 1861.
We publish in; to-day's paper, so
much of the Delinquent Lands and Town
Lots as remain unpaid at this date,
fair We omit several news items to
Y.Wtw. ., . t
make room for the proceedings of the
Monroe County Agricultural Society, the
Common School Convention, and the in
teresting letter lrom Columbus, j these
will all be read with interest. 'We are
pleased to see our farmers and others at
length awaking to their true interests. It
frives us no uneasiness when we are com
pelled to leave out some of our own scrib
blings to make room for such articles as
we have named. ,
'"'The February No. of "Graham's Mag
azine," is received. It surpasses all its
predecessors, splendid as they were. That
our readers may know what manner of
man Graham is, we quote the article
below, from the number before us :
... Takk Your County Papers. We
hope that there is not a subscriber to
fGraham," who has overlooked the pro
priety and duly of sustaining by his sub
scription and advertising, the paper of his
twn county. This duty is the first, even,
before subscribing to "Graham," which is
well worth the money it costs, and prior,
as a matter of interest merely to a sub
scription to any Journal whatever. The
iirosperity of the county in which you
ive its thriving business character ac
tive intelligence, and more than all, its
very moral strength, depends upon the
liberal policy of-each and every one of
you, toward the central point ol your
greatness your own "County Journals!
Now tliink of this! before you squan
der your dollar upon some ephemeral,
trashy, and perhaps pernicious sheet of a
distant city. The telegraph and railroad,
have brought the news early to your edit
orearlier than you will get it from afar
by due course ol mail. Now. encourage
Uis heart, and strengthen his hands by a
manly support, and let his sheet widen,
lengthen and brighten, under the genial
influence of a generous and proper esti
mate of his position.
.... It you want literature, as well as news
and general miscellany, he will give you
'Graham" and his paper for, perhaps
$4but, Graham himself does not want
you, unless you appreciate and support
your own county newspapers lie has no
just right to receive, or you to remit him
3, .while this debt remains unpaid at
home. Go to, you are a dull fellow:
stupid and would not understand us.
Put your three dollars in a stocking and
go to sleep Drowsy! enact Rip Van VVin-
-"Wevep ag10rDU come yjusia. vjh-v
ham : wants subscribers that have brains',
heart, soul a quick eye to perceive a du
ty and a truth, and manly courage to meet
and back them now , , ,
. .'"Life's first, best duty, is at home."
j.-. Try pur suggestion, reader, and you
will feel more like a man, the first day you
take hold of the newspaper of your neigh
borhood, as a subscriber, who has paid his
tkO anil rlnnA nvrtnoii ant r P I tt'ran a Y ! n
We have some words, to say to .our
brothers of the press, which, for the pres
ent we defer, as to the proper and effec
tive use of their power, in driving from
itbeir- borders, the locust-like literature
-which covers the land carrying destruc
tion on its wings, and leaving death in its
.wake. . But, . , ,
. 'There's a good time a coming, boys,"
for true beat ts a wide field of labor for
the bravest. . g."
EDITORI At CORRESPONDENCE.
, ,', Columbus, Deo. 23, 1850 .
. . Dbak Sir I vmbrace this opportunity
to give oo a passing notice of events at
'Columbus. On the 24th a resolution was
offered in the Senate to adjourn over until
the 2nd of January ensuing. I opposed
'its passage, a ill demanded ayes and nays;
but. we were defeated there being 15 in
favor of, and 14 opposed to the resolution.
It was defeated in the House, but thev had
milMi hpftpp hflVA nuaoaft it. fnr tllA mpm.
bers have left in such members as to leave
both Houses without a quorum, and no
business has been transacted since that
time..-1 know not when we will be able to
obtain mcmbers sufficient to enter upon
the "discharge ' of the People's business.
flour wo nil v .Representative ana mysen
.1 T. - I H
have remained at our post or duty as we
.ou&ht, whether others do or not. If the
- 'l 1- 1.. 1. .U- ......
.masses oi your people vuiy anew uin wojr
;thlngs ill general, and Legislation in par
ticular,' were conducted here, they would
,'be utterly astonished v' Men wjsh to create
the opinion, at home, that they ajrejwry
"careful to protect the publicTreasury from
'undue appropriations and to that end
'make from three to four barangues,
((speeches, they call them,) upon the sub
ject of pay to messenger boys and assistant
clerks all the amount in controversy not
jbeing, worth one-half the' expense of one
.Say of the session; and in the same day
7ote for adjourning for ten days, at an ex
i pens of 91200, daily, to the people. So
in, all other" appropriations. .Wild and ex
travagant appropriations, for thousands
id hundreds of thousands of dollars, are
iil ,iri mil nuanrIitrAd without . an v
efit to the people-: And yet they coin-
. . ' -
f extravagance in order to deceive
their confiding constituency, and the bet
ter enable themselves to escape" detection.
Whenever they wish to help a friend, they
harangue us7 stating that the application
under consideration must be granted to
keep the wheels of government in motion
"I would rather be a dog and bay the
moon," as a business, than act the dema
cogue to the extent some do here. Yet 1
will deal with them with words tf gentle
ness not like the Grecian God of day,
with vengeful arrow to slay the destruc
tive Python, not like the Archangel Mi
chael,' with potent spear to transfix Satan
to the earth.
, The people are oppressed with taxes and
expenditure, like a slave under a goading
weight of chains, harrassing their exhaust
ed spirits, and pleading for the angel of
Deliverance; but lo. "the benificent angel
comes not at the solicitous invitation."
But appropriation crowns expenditure un
til the Treasury and the credit of the State
are all exhausted, and bankruptcy will be
the result as certain as fate.
The grave inquiry arise's who supplies
the Treasury with its funds, the State
with its credit. Labor, the fountain and
source of all wealth, supports all, and
pays all expenditures national and indi
yidual and rarely receives any profits.
It seeks no class or favorite legislation, but
supports all idlers.. It lias cradled and
nourished all the aristocracy of the world
to this day. Without it the woven silks
and wool upon the back of the nabob would
yet be in fold. For the highest and low
est gifts, save the bounties of Heaven,
mankind are indebted to toil; and the very
air of Heaven, by God's ordination, is
breathed with labor. The drones "toil
not, neither do they spin," but infest the
hive of activity like masses .of corruption
and decay. The lords of this earth are
the working men, who can build up or cast
down as it may please them best. They
can point to their trophies wherever art,
science, civilization and humanity are
known. ; Aye, sir, to the men of toil, roy
alty is not yet, but certainly will be, ac
knowledged; forlabor will rise upward and
onward to the highest throne of power.
God has ordained that idleness is crime.
If this is a correct view, strange it is that
all legislation is to. oppress labor and to
concentrate capital at certain points to
crush the energies of labor; while the dif
fusement of real capital through the coun
try would give life and vigor to commence
and labor, thoso guardians of the people's
rights. : ... . - ,
Those opposers of trie printing of the
Governor's Message and paying clerks
and messenger, boys liberal wages, to
whom I baye adverted, advocate the policy
of paying millions of dollars to the money
changers for loaning their credit, or in
other words declare that bankers have the
right by ' law to collect, from the toiling
millions' interest on their indebtedness,
while this same law makes all men, but
bankers, pay interest on their indebted
ness. These gentlemen tell us, if we
complain that no portion of our citizens
should have so exalted a privilege over
others, that it would be checking civiliza
tion to prevent them from their present char
tered privileges. .This paradoxical argu
ment seems to have its force; for there lives
amongst us many, who-believe that this
government was established to make the
'rich richer, and the poor poorer."
The banks of Ohio have a capital paid
in of $7,129,227. They made a profit
on all their issues in 1849, of 18 per cent,
after paying' all expenses. Their issues,
over and above their capital paid in, was
$7,000,000, on which they made 18 per
cent, amounting to the sum of $1,260,000
in the one year. That some special privi
leges bestowed upon a few favorites, and
was collected as interest ou their indebt
edness. ' Can freemen call this equal rights?
'Tis a strange conception of justice and
honesty!.' Has not the demagogue a thou
sand times, in conversation with the poor,
pretended to sympathise with them pro
fessing' sorrow for their situation and of
fering to protect their rights.' But the mo
ment any act passes the Legislature to
give them justice, all the. minions of the
money power raise the hbwL of f-''"' 'int.
How. marly homes would 1 befverVoe ex
empted from the '.hard hearted creditor to
give a, heritage to the unfortunate widow
and children to amount to the above sumt
Five hundred dollars is all that can be ex
empted under the law so much complained
of. .The truth is, millions may be wrung
from labor to . advance the interest of the
wealthy; but any law that protects the
poor must be repealed before a trial can
be given it, because it does not advance
certain interests. The sum referred to
above, as paid to favorites on their indebt
edness, amounts to more money than all
the tax on tea, and the tax on paper under
the famous Stamp Act, would have amount
ed to in five years.; Yet our ancestors re
fused to submit to it,- and from resistance
to those oppressive acts, gained oar ever-
glorious independence. The contest be
tween the two principles is between bene v
olence and justice on the one haid, and
roguery and tyranny on the other. ' J
: io carry the view of this oppressive
feature farther, what right has the Legis
lature of Ohio, while banks are to be tole
rated at all, to confine them to certain
districts? Has not the Legislature the
same power to say that there shall be only
one store or one tavern in a district, as to
say there shall be but one bank? After
making a bank law, Belmont county has
no more right to a bank than Monroe;
provided the citizens of Monroe conform
to the rules or law. Belmont has advan
tages in a commercial point of view that
Monroe has not; therefore no advantage
should be given her. ,
In reference to the subject of banking,
I am opposed to all banking that deprives
some citizens of privileges and profits that
others receive. But a system of free bank.
ing, by securing all the issues before made
by unencumbered real estate, mortgaged
for the redemption of the issues, is the only
kind of banking I would vote for. ( This
would supercede the quibble of the bank'
er's liability, for he would have to secure
the people on his indebtedness before be
ing allowed to inundate the country with
his promises to pay. . Bankers make bor
rowers secure their loans by freehold secu
rity. Can any honest man object to the
banker in turn giving security?
There is a bill now before the Legisla
ture for free banking. If its friends would
secure the note holder in the way hinted
at, I would vote for it; but as it now stands,
it ought to be called free swindling, as it
will be shown when it comes up. Foi
one, I shall claim equal rights to all, by
that rich libation, of blood "so profusely
poured out by our common ancestry on
the battle fields of the Revolution, and
above all, by the eternal principles of jus
tice. If our boasted and glorious consti
tution has secured to us those great prin
ciples of freedom and equality of rights,
let us boldly demand them. Let the word
pass round the line, and by united and
fraternal endeavors in the name of equal
rights, liberty, union and the holy cause
of freedom, as a band of brothers, let us
labor until oppression of all kinds be over
thrown, and its Juggernaut be crushed to
the earth, never again to rear its brazen
. A movement will be made to instruct
our Senators in Congress to repeal the
Fugitive Slave bill. I am opposed to that
la w in many particulars. Some of its de
tails are wrong in principle and oppres
sive; yet I doubt the policy of these in
structions, and shall vote against them.
Disbelieving in the expediency of the in
struction is my only reason for voting
against it, for I recognize the right. We
should do nothing to endanger this glorious
Union, but, stand by the Constitution,
and carry but the work of our fathers.
The ' truly American citizen loves his
country's fame. He is jealous of her
honor. In the hour of her prosperity he
rejoices; in her peril he flies to her rescue,
and seeks to, strengthen her bands. . He
never permits himself to breathe jealousies
against her. He knows no East, West,
North, or South, only as being parts of
one grand, united, inseparable whole.
Such men have lived and died in this
country. Such men, thank Heaven's
King, now live to defend it. Let the bright
examples and holy precepts of our heroic
fathers still continue the cloud by day and
the pillar of fire by night, to guide us on
in the path of""knowledge, usefulness and
truth. . : BELMONT.
THE CONSTITUTION AI. CONVENTION.
The proceedings and debates of this
body are -deepening in interest. As the
various questions approach their final de
cision, the sense of their importance felt
by the people increases in strength. . ' i
1 he result oi this Convention will arouse
much more public attention, than its foes
are willing to confess If we do not mis
take the ominous hints daily thrown out
in high quarters in the ranks of those who
have opposed a new Constitution, a sys
tem of determined resistance, to reform is
being prepared. Well, we say to you all,
that if the new Constitution presents the
features that the people have .demanded,
and have i right to expect, come on with
your opposition. The constitution must
be democratic. Then, it will be heartily
ratified, though of course its popular sanc
tion will be resisted by the whig party.
Statesman of Saturday. ., ".::-,-- :':.
,; FROM TEXAS. .";'"-";: '
" We have reoeived papers from Galves
ton of the 13th inst. ' ' ""'- ' . ,
The Indians are again committing dep
redations. We learn from the Western
Texan that five wagons belonging to the
train of Lewis & Coons, when near Devil's
River, being about four miles ahead of
others of the train, Were attacked by In
dians, supposed to be Camanches, Keech
ies, Seminoles, and Lipans. 1 Nicholas
Andreas, a German, Charles Pavousby, a
Pole, and William Brown and Peter Lo
gan, Amerioana, were killed, and three
others were wounded. The Indians were
mostly armed with rifles. They plun
dered the wagons and drove off some
thirty oxen. .
-v Agricultural Meeting.
In pursuance of previous notice, a meet
ing of citizens of Monroe county, was
held at the court house, in the town of
Woodsfield, on Wednesday, the 25th day
of December, 1850. V.;
On motion, James R. Morris, of Cen
tre township, was called to the Chair, and
George Davenport, of Perry, was chosen
Secretary. ; - ''- - " '
After the objects of the meeting were
explained by the Chairman, a proposition
was submitted that all those desiring to
become members of an Agricultural Soci
ety in Monroe County, should signify. their
intention of .so. doing by giving' their
names to the Secretary;. who should enter
them upon the proceedings of the meeting.
And thereupon the following names were
entered upon the minutes, as members of
the " Monroe County Agricultural Society:
' John Hayden ' Benj. Hughes
John Davenport Jacob Tschappat
Henry Ford William Steel
' Joseph Morris George Davenport
Joseph 11. Markey Kulus 1arby
John Adams '
B. R. Driggs
J as. R. Morris
Henry Stine '
J. M. Kirkbride
Samuel G. Smith
B. M. Belt
M. Morrow '
Joel F. Randolph
Wm. C. Walton
Owen J. Jones
On motion of John Davenport a com
mittee of five were appointed to report a
Constitution for the Society, consisting of
John Davenport, John Kerr, Geo. Mac
kinson, Thomas Orr and Charles Alford.
During the absence of the committee, a
motion was made and carried that a com
mittee, consisting of one member from
each township in the county, be appointed
to solicit members to the Society. Wherb
upon the following gentlemen were ap
' Adams township John Adams
Bethel John L. Henthorn
Contre Henry Ford
Elk David Crum
Enoch Samuel Powell
Franklin Benj. Hughes
, Green Wm. Myers
Jackson Elijah Ullom
Malaga David Sampson
Ohio John Muhlemann
Perry George Davenport .
balem Owen J. Jones
Seneca Morris Danford
- Stock Liberty Curtis '
Summit Michael Crow
Sunsbury Abraham Hayden
Switzerland David Ruble
Union Alex. Franklin'
Washington Stephen Henthorn
Wayne Jesse Miracle
Thetcosftinittee appointed "to report a
constitution for the Society, submitted the
following Preamble and Constitution :
We, the undersigned, do hereby organ
ize ourselves into a Soctety for the im
provement of Agriculture within the coun
ty of Monroe, to b known as the "Monroe
County Agricultural Society," and adopt
for our government the following
CONSTITUTION. ! .
Art. 1 The officers of the Society shall
consist of a President, Vice President,
Treasurer, Secretary and five Managers,
who, together, shall constitute a Board of
Directors lor the general management ol
the affairs of the Society, and hold their
offices until their successors are elected.
' Art. 2. Members of the Society must
be residents of the county of Monroe, and
pay one dollar annually to the Treasurer.
. Art. 3. Competitors for premiums must
be members of the Society.
Art. 4. A list of articles for which pre
miums are to be awarded by the Society,
shall be published in a newspaper or hand
bill at least one month previous to the day
of exhibition. 11
Art.5.. All articles offered for premi
ums must be owned by the persons offer
ing the same,' or by members of their fam
ilies; and products of the soil must be
produced or manufactured inv the county
of Monroe. ' ' .
Art. 6. Awarding committees, of three
Eersons each, shall be annually appointed
y the Directors of the Society, for judg
ing the different classes of articles offered
in competition, and awarding premiums
lor the same. ' ' ; ' '
Art. 7. The awarding committees must
comply with the provisions of the law, in
requiring competitors for premiums on
crops and other improvements, to furnish
full and correct statements of the process
and expense of culture, production, &c.
Art. 8. Competitors for premiums on
crops, must have the ground and its pro
ducts accufWery measured, by not less
than ' two disinterested persons, "whose
statement must be verified by affidavit.''''
, Art., 9. Premiums en grain or grass,
shall not . be awarded for less than one
acre; and on root crops not less than one
fourth of an acre. The whole Quantity
produced on the amount of land specified,
shall be measured or weighed Root
crops to be estimated by weight, (divested
of tops,) 60 pounds to be considered a
bushel; and grain crops to be measured
or weighed according to the usual stand
ards; the rules in relation to other crops
and productions to be agreed on by the
Directors of the Society. - '
'Art. 10. There, shall be annual exhibi
tions of the Society held in Woodsfield.
at some period between the first day of
sepiemDer ana me nrst day of JNovember,
provided premiums " on crops may be
awarded at n later period, if thought ne
cessary. "?' -"'.,'' M. :
! Art. 11.' AH meetings for the election
of officers, &c.; to be held in Woodsfield.
. After considerable discussion, and; the
offering of various amendments," the con
stitution was adopted as reported .by. the
committee. 1 y t ' , i
On motion, the Society proceeded to the
election of officers lo serve till the first
annual exhibition, or until their succes
sors are elected; whloh resulted as' fol
lows:' ' '"'
. President Benj. Hughes
Vice President John Kerr
- Treasurer Nathan Hollister
' Secretary James R. Morris
f William Jiteel
Managers Jacob Tschappat
George Davenport .
The following By-Laws
were then ol-
fered and adopted: ; r I-1 . i
Art. 1 . The election of officers shall be
held annually, on the last day of the an
nual exhibition, of which notice shall be
given by the Board, at least 30 days pre
vious thereto, in the newspaper published
in the county, : . , ; . i
Art. 2. It shall be the duty of the Pres
ident to preside over all the meetings of
the Society, and the Vice President shall
perform his duties in the absence of the
Art. 3. : The Treasurer shall reoeive
and disburse, according to law, and the
rules of the Board of Directors, all the
funds , of the society, and shall give a
bond, in the sum of five hundred dollars,
with security to be approved by the Presi
dent, payable to the Board of-Directors
conditioned for the payment, according to
law, of all moneys that may come into
his hands, by virtue o his office; and he
shall pay no money except on the order
of the President, countersigned by the
Secretary. , .. i
Art. 4. The Secretary shall keep accu
rate minutes of the proceedings of the
Society and Board of Directors, and re
cord the same in a book, and perform all
other duties required by law of him
Art. 5. No person shall be deemed a
member of the Society until he shall have
paid the constitutional fee ol one dollar
. a . .i j .1. . r : T..
.uier me auopuon "I wie lureguiug uy
Laws, the following Resolutions were con
siuered and passed
Resolved, That the committee appointed
to solicit members and subscriptions, shall
report to the Treasurer the number and
amounts obtained on or before the Tues
day following the first Monday of March
Resolved, That the Secretary shall fur
nish the members of the said Committee
with a printed copy of the Constitution
Resolved, That the Board of Directors
shall publish in the newspaper of the
county, by the first of April, 1851, the
list of articles for which premiums will be
awarded, at the hrst annual exhibition
: Resolved, That the proceedings be pub
Iisned in the "'bpint of Democracy."
On motion, the Society adjourned. ,
, JAS. R. MORRIS, Ch'n.
Geo. Davenport, Seo'y. (
For the Spirit of Democracy.
MONROE COUNTY COMMON SCHOOL
According to previous notice, a Con
vention of Common School Teachers and
Citizens, was held in the town of Lewis-
ville, Monroe county, Ohio, on Saturday,
December 21st, -I860, commencing at 1
o clock, r. M.
On motion, Thomas Glass was chosen
Chairman, and V. C. Knight, Sec'y.
The convention was then addressed by
Messrs. UampDell, Danford, Watson and
Knight, on the subject of popular educa
tion. '; ; :. "
On motion, adjourned to meet at 6
O'CIOCK, f. Al. ' '
THOMAS GLASS, Ch'n.
V. C. Knight, Seo'y. ' M'
Etenino Session. ": ; 'r -
According to adjournment, the conven
tion met at 6 o'clock, P. M,1: The previ
ous chairman being absent; G. W. Wat
son,' Esq.,. was chosen to fill the vacancy.
The convention was then addressed by
Messrs. Campbell, Milligani ; Watson and
Knight, on the subject of common schools.
' the following Preamble and Resolu
tions were then offered, upon the adoption
of which a discussion ; arose, in which
Messrs. Campbell, ' Milhgan, , Watsoa,
Wheeler and Knight, participated:
Whereas, the cause of education, in
Monroe county, has never been duly ap
preciated by the mass, and consequently
at a very low standard, it is therefore
Resolved, That the teachers and all
present, composing' this convention, will
use every honorable exertion in promoting
tne cause oi common school education
Resolved, That as a means of effecting
me oDjeci coniempiaiea in tne loregoing
resolution, teachers are recommended to
be thoroughly prepared for examination
in the several departments of English ed'
ucauon. . ; ! ;... a''. . .
r Resolved, That'the compensations usu
ally paid teachers, is insufficient to secure
the services of the1 best qualified: fend
morally responsible persons, in the profes
ion.'-' '' iV' 4 i".
Resolved; That the advanced' state of
the sciences, in other parts of our country.
demands of this county a more liberal and
enlightened patronage of common schools
' Resolved, That we recommend public
examinations in our common schoolsat
tne expiration oi eacn term. " - '..n
Resolved, That the U. S; Spellina Book
ana western calculator so long a bur
then lo the Common schools of this coun
ty be sucoeeded by the following 'series
of text books, recommeded as the7 best
before the American publid ''' v; ' J '
: Svelline Boole--EfcWiin. ,t . ji
i' -; ' Readers MoGruffeVsi ; '
.' Arithmetic Ray's or Adams
Urammar Wells'r ?; Vi''' ,.':;
V-' Natural Philosophy ComstocVs..
Resolvedy Thtt for the purpose of car-"
rvinor intn fflt Ih thnm rsanlntinna
organize j a society, called -the Monroe
County Common School Association.
Resolved, That the proceedings of thia
convenuon ne puousnea in tne spirit ot
Democracy. ' '
On. motion, adjourned, lo meet in the
town of Lewisville, on the first Saturday
of March, 1851, at 1 o'clock P. M.
G. W. WATSON, Ch'n.
V. C. Knight, Seo'y.
THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS-2d sLon.
. --. Washington, Dec. 23.
Senate. Messrs. Clay and Cooper pre
sented a large number of memorials pray
ing a modification of the tariff of 1846.
Mr. Benton, in pursuance of notice, in
troduced a bill to relinquish the collection
of tolls on the U. S.; stock in the Louis
ville and. Portland. Canal, and to. provide
for making the navigation of the oanal free. .
On: motion of Mr, Gwin, the-Senate
took up the bill to provide for the exami
nation and settlement of titles and claims
to land in California. . .
, . Mr. Gwin' proposed a substitute for the
whole bill, ana, after debate, it was agreed
to. !;..-. f!.f-.-;
. On motion of Mr. Benton,, the bill was
postponed tor the present. . .' ; r v
House. Mr. Strong, of Pennsylvania,
called the attention ot the House to the
bill which he had prepared for regulating
the mode of taking evidence in. cases of
There was considerable discussion on
the first section of the bill.
The amendments having been nega
tived, the yeas and nays were taken on the
passage of the bill as originally introduc
ed, which was carried by a majority of
105 to 58, and the bill was finally passed.
A joint resolution, explanatory of the
act granting bounty lands to officers and
soldiers for past services, " was reported,
and a motion was made to suspend the
rules to enable the House to receive it; but
another to adjourn prevailed by a .large
majority; and the House stands adjourned
till Thursday next. 1
The two Houses adjourned from Mon
day till Thursday to enable the members
to keep Christmas. . ' "'
Washington, Dec. 26. '
Sen atS. Mr. Mangum moVed that when
the Senate adjourn it adjourn to meet on
Monday. ' . v '
Mr. Walker opposed the motion, and it
was rejected. '"
A committee from the Department of the
Interior, transmitting the number of insane
persons ' confined at the expense of the
Government in the Maryland Lunatic Hos
pital, was received, read and ordered to be
printed. . " ' : . "V ' '
A large number of petitions were pre
sented. .' "' : '
Mr. Underwood introduced a bill pro
viding for a survey of the Ohio river and
its tributaries, with a view to the improve
ment of their navigation by means of res
ervoirs. . ". ' ' ' " . ,;
Mr. Cass called up his resolution call
ing on the President to transmit to the Sen-'
ate copies of all correspondence between
the State Department and the "Austrian
viiaige, iciautig iv iiib appointment ana
proceedings of the American agent' sent
to Hungary during the late struggle in that
c6untry. And the resolution was agreed to'.
I he Senate-took up the bill to ascertain
and settle private' land claims in Califor
nia, and, after some remarks by Mr.' Ben
ton and others, it was ' postponed tilt
Thursday next. ' , " J
' On motion by Mr.' Clay; it was "order
ed that when the Senate adjourn if ad
journ till Monday. '' ' t! -
i he ben ate then proceeded td the con
sideration of Executive business, and af
ter a short time the doors were opened;
and the Senate adjourned. ,-'; ;; ' '': '
House. The House passed a bill al
lowing the heirs of Kosoiusko to remove
a suit pending in the District of Columbia
to any of the Circuit Courts of the United
States. No other business was transact
ed. Both Houses stand 1 adiourned ' till
Monday.' '-" : '
Arrival of the Steamer Africa '
The Africa left Liverpool On the 7th' ill?.
ajid brings dates from London and' Paris .
to the 6th ult.' -. ,'----::.i.r.tt,n
England. It is stated that the Roman
Catholic archbishop of Dublin has ' had
r i i . I. i- - .
uuuierreu upon mm tor some years the
""";'' uv uut mat lor certain rea
sons his grace kept the conferred honor' 4
profound secret. , . ; - . , "" ' ' w
i no arcnDisnoDS ana tne whole nt fhA
bishops, with the exception of Exeter1 arid
St. David's, have presented Ian' address' to"
ner Majesty, aenouncipg the rapal Aggres
sion. '!":( -..'!. li... ,-T--;J
There'was another scene at St. Barntf.
ba's Church, Pimlicb; bri Sunday lastr1" A
crowd of 300 persona assembled outsldn
the church, shouting no wafer gods$'';,'n6
sdrndef,w &o: However, there-as! ho
breach of the peace." ;r,: -l'i"'"i1J v -'V-i
nciauu is buoui io oe unnea w ieith by
aline of steamers. " '' ."'' ;itxyi
'.'France. From Prance o'ur'rjewffthTa
week is not very important, as all political
interest is bound up in the German ''-quaV-rel.
' The 'IeislaUve Assemblr has dd-
dared its Neutrality,' (wd iri such a tohb
as to enforce a striot obediehce to its rhairt-
dates. It a said that M." Pmrtnmiirl Ait.
private friend of, Lbiiis ffapolqon; anfl
fate Ambassador af Berlin',', has been .in. .
cessani in urging me rresiaent to "join
Prussia and involve FroncWin theua.
rel,, but private intrigue, in the present
temper of the jUation, V InnoououSi-i.
in iiBve oeen serious aiBturoanpoB in
puuio yi mo uejjaruiieuiB, uurtne strong
military attitude bf the govBrBment' Jteens
all quiet. ,."; " - ' .y-xh .
' ' M."Mon. who is at' PariS: fiU'
tailed to Madrid"by telegraph and" it U
conjectured that1 a minisferial crisis has
taken place in the Spanish capital. ' J
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