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....... w----w-., - rm spirit Tt6 m . - , - ; I i A . V i-.r, l-. '.8 . I - 'h -ev.Xi,u :-v-v Lii .ilJ . ' '' . .... JAS. R; MORRIS, Editor and Proprietor. PUULISHED EVERY YV EDNESD AY MORNING. TERMS -$1,50 per Annnm, in J Ad vanifrA VOEUME'Xr W00DSFIELD, M0NK0E COUNTY, OHIO, DECEMBER 21, 1853. if fi: ;FlJMBEB""4i) III !.V N il VW I T.n ' i - 1 - - ' i ill- ... - 1 t.oetut: ,' ftFrora the, Washiogton' Evening Star . "I.UBT1THEB IN M? EARL'S' YOTJTft. .r. BT'H. CLAY PREUSS. r I mat the in my early youth, "!r ; When life ms young and fair;' ' s ' Thy magic charms stole o'er my foul.r I-:-'-" And left thetr impress there.. ;;; t; . .: . J rave to thee a heart unstained . ,i . With sins of after years 4 ; , " ' Aiheart tvhich never ceased to love, t . ;a In sunshine or in teariJ ' J1' . ' ' - - , Tho' years have passed sincefirst we met, And youth's bright dreams are gone; . Tet art thou now as dear to me,'' ' As in life's early morn! . ' Amid the cold, unfeeling crowd, mo fhine angel iorm I see; V 'i 'a -x t' ri. .i..v: ' " :T AIIU III lS BIUIIIU llllg ICrcUCOf My spirit turns to thee! 1. V f I'.'C . The spell which thou didst cast upon1"'; ci rtiMy spirit in its youth, s "'- ' 1 vHas proved a shield in after life, "': 1 '; f Of purRy end truth: ' '- ' ''; -'''' 'A fc; '-Tiy manic pjwer o'er my soul' '' '' ": Has shed asnnny ry u L '" 1: r "' ; Of to and purest sympathy,' l r ;' M'.'- Which ne'er can fade away! ' :&'4k .yvr-i .. i -'i i .v : !Oh Udy ! iho I dare not hope : --r ? . -.tit- To call thee ever mine-. ? ..'..- '!.: i r r. For clouds are Kath'rin o'er my path1. -?i . v -fc-c Which ne'er must darken thine I'fi; : ; . Yet in the temple of my heart, -- -.i',.' i-Theestl flame shall glow; : A .Which clothed my. dreams of early youth.-. ' In beauty "long ao!" -w-.i '. From the Louisville Jo'irnal rr ; TBi EXILE'S SONG. ' ' . I?:'. ',-'. ;' ' '-7 W know of land all with iovelineei' glowing,' Fsr.arin the' westO'er tb'billowV sea,": .- Where waters of silver o'er emeralds are flowing, And .wavelets leap up on the breast ol the lea . iid dew-laden flowers the'bright birds are singing. Glid echo flies down to the vale with its ringing. While zephyrs from out the new Edeu are bring- :-r-r CTAV.", A;-.;;':; :. "''The voice-of nation that dares to be free -' l-.,l i .: -.-'.w'v ; ' b" i" The voice of a nation where spirits united, i . - Togeher march Biiward to liberty's goal; "H , . Where bosoms; that iyranny never hatb blighted, Swell high in tueir freedom of thought and of " ;v x40-1'; t-- :iBi.K i.i1 : --. They amile, when for freedom, all wounded and . i - bleedingK ,;,P; 3 ;v r v. ' k' i They tall on the turf, where the . yulture U (eed r Jog; , . . '. . . .-."L. . : . . .- . Tbisy know not of shame, nor blush at the reid- OX-toame. that they -trrile on equality's scroll; -' , .', '- f AfJV. T.. 5t- '.;f -.1- ' '' Oh, fair is the home by oppression unclouded, -y ? Away in the far distant land of .the west, AVhet e honor and 'gljry together unshrouded, Lie proud on the native'horn nobleman's breast. Oht give us the'altar where freemen are kneeling, Oh, let u, as they, in thought and in feeling , V ' , Seek; while the eagle above us is wheeling ' Neath the star-spangled banner a patriot's rest - Ob, welcome .the heart that fur freedom is ewell- ' in. '-'' rr ' ' Mid pageantry, -regal, where minions would . ilsf kWiJr 'al .,'... vs' .i rv--.JT-U:V v Thrice .welcome the breast where forever is swell . . The tide that,to harbors pf freedom would wend. With tiili oppress'ioif bur bands are extended We strike for the weakest by honor defended,1 WVbimTup T lbe heart "that is exiled, and rended," , Then point to tuf flag as'protector and friend. ''FABSON BUBELY'S :XPBBi?IEjiT.. ';V5fciI.isR"L BY1 aOSTIW C. "BTJRD1CK'.' 4 v.--v, . ?'tiefr8rnaUt pans5 at ' FaUowdalo1 had ' teeh: foj Borri e;ti me with out i p astor ' riie ' . " 'members ! were ' hearly 1 all ' farmers arid ihey had not much money to bestowHipori -T" . a'cfergyman, yet they were willing to pay for anvthine that sould proniise.'them any , . lue"Teturn' of good. In course ol time", it ' .'happened that the -ReV. Abraham Surely : : isited Faltowdale', and as a Sabbath pass; ''- v ed during, his' sojourn he held, a flfieoting ' . in the small? church. -Tlie - people .were pleased, and some',of. them'-proposed tri- vitihg'him t5"reirtairi with them, and take charge of-their-spiritual welfare -- Upon .the mefit ol Jhia proposition, there was" a long discussion, i:. Parson Sure ly, hail signified his willingness to take. ai ; Derrhanent residwce ats!Fallowdale,ibul ' . theVmernber8 of ;the ' parish'could-hot so '" t.'i JZlzt.'.''mZii 'Kt r hi m. '" "'' :' '' ' .j don't see the use;of hiring a parson, aid Mr. Sharp, an old farmeir ol the place; .y.-.?littMh"Aa 5i8,"hb ,ff00d.' If we've ' any v., mpney Jo 'spare rW.bte lay j( PJS - aomething else,--,,A- parso cau,'i Jearn . us : To this it was answered,1 Kat'stited.Ye Vigrouseet to thei younger-people, aftd alsoi a source of ''real social good to all. .Hit "1' don't knowv'bout-thatsaid Sharp. .(ter he had heard the arguments against -. Jiim.-'i Sharp, was oiaa of.ihe wealthiest men - in the parish, and consequently one' of the ; inostlthflUeoUattJ'I havle!lrd telj," he . ' ' jcontinued, J'of a person that - would pray ' . if TIL J.U n n. it stfma' t ovi'tr imA tlT . of- rainy aim uawa wi tj uuio. ow,;if we could hit upon such a' person . a that' i would go in for hiring him.'! lui . '-Thi oDened a new-idea to-th -unso- .'.-' - phis'ucated minds of FaJlowdalei'i The' far? roei dftett suffered Jrom'Jobg . droughts, . and aftararguingi awhile longer uney a : greed' to hire Parson Surely upott lhe con ' '' Hition that he' would give themr rain when ' ' ver they,wish'ed for ; it, ' and that pnHhe 'cf ither band .that he woultj give them ; fair : ; 'breather 'when required.. , JDeaoons Smith -'.. i To wnsend, were deputised to make , ' i 4hirneroejit;knowh' to the parson, v' od'tha people rTftnained in the church :--JtwiflipV' messenger went upon their er- ""J " WhjBn" llie 'deaconsfeturned; Afr.' Su . .ntrid the churchy and l with .; graceful ; jWhiialaMllfi" people there assembled J "VVell, my friends," said he, as he as cended .the platform in front of the' desk "1 have here your, request to' me, and strange as it may appear, I have come to accept your 'proposal: but can do it only on one condition; and it is that your request lor a ciiange ol weather must be unan imous. , . .. ' This 'appeared very' reasonable, since every member of the parish had been in terested in the farming business, and ere long it was arranged that Mr! Surely should .become the pastor of Faltowdale. ana that he should give the people ram whenever they asked for it. - When Mr. Surely returned to his lodg ings,' his wife was utterly astounded upon learning the nature of the contract her husband had entered into, but the pastor only smiled, and bade her wait or the re sult: ' ' - ' : ". r."'But you know you cannot make rain," persisted Mrs. Surely; "and you know, too, that the farmers here will be wanting rain very pAen when there is none for them. You will be disgraced. . ' " . . t 4lI will teach them a lesson," quietly re turned the pastor: " : 11 Ay, tnat you cannot be as good as your word; and when you have taught it to them.'they' will turn you off." , ' "We shall see." was Mr. SUrely's re ply, as he took up a book and commenced reading. . v '" ' " ' " ' ; : This was a signal for his wife to desist from further couversation on the. subject, and she at once obeyed. ." "Time flew ion, and at length the hot days of midsummer were at hand. ' For three weeks it had not rained, and the young corn was beginning to curl up beneath the effects of the drought. In this extremity. the people bethought themselves of the promise, and some of them hastened to his dwelling:'" "' "' ' 'iCoirre' said Sharp.' whose hilly farm was suuering severely, "we want some rain. -You remembe'r vour promise." , "Certainly," returned Mr. Surely.' If you'call1or a meeting of the members "of the parish. 1 will be with you this evening." , With this the applicants were perfectly satisfied." and forthwith they hastened to call the flock together. . 'Now, youll see, the hour of your dis grace, said Mi s. oureiy. alter the visitors had gone. r"Oh. 1 am sorry you under took to deceive thetn so." . I did hot deceive them." : 4 Yes. you surely did." ' - 'We shall see," responded the pastor. 'So we 'shall see,", added the lady, ; Die hour for the meeting came around. and Parson Surely met his people at the chqrch.,lThey were all there; most of them i anxious and the remainder curious. - Now; mv friends?" ' said - the pastor, arising upon the platform," "1 have come to hear your request- -What is it i- v ' We want ram, bluntly spoke banner Sharp; "and you know you promised to give it to us. , " 1 " v "Ay, rami; rainr repeated nait a aoz- en voices. - - - ' . - Very well: Now, when will you have it?" v; ' ' - -fi. j r "Thi3 very night long," said Sharp, to which several others immediately assented. ':"No, no;; not to-nightl" cried Deacon Smith; "I' have six or seven ton of well made, hay in the field, and 1 would not have it wet for anything." "So I have hay out,' added Mr. reck.: We won't have it to rain to-tiight." Thenlet it be to-morrow," said anoth er ; '.-.., ., . : ; 'It will take me all day to-morrow to get my hay in,". said Smith. :.;r.r;; Thus the objections came up tor the two succeeding days, and at length, by way of compromise, Mr Sharp proposed that they should have rain in just four days. "For," said he: "by that time, all the , hay which is now .out oan be got in, and we need not any . ; ' '-Stop, stop!;Uttered Mrs. bharp, pull ing her worthy husband smartly by, the sleeve. "That is the. day we nave 6et to go to Snow hill. ' It musn't rain then!" .,,rThia was the-law lor Mr. bharp, so ne proposed the rain : should come in one weekt and then resumed his' seat. But this .would. not do; many of the people would not have it put off so long. "If we can't have it rain before then,: we'd better not have it at all,", said they. ., " In short the meeting resulted in just no conclusion; at r all, for . the . good people found it utterly impossible, to agree upon a time wnen ii snouiu rmu. ..... . - "Until you oan make up your minds upon- this point," said the pastor, as he was about leavingthe "church, "we must all trust in . the , Lord",'. And after this the people followed him from the place. "" V '. . ;i'.6oih.J)eacon Smith and Mri .Peck got their hay saieiV: in, out on me very any that JVlr, Sharp and his wife,. were to have Started tor snow nui, ii oegan to rain in right good earnest, ' Sharp lost his visit, but he met. the disappointment with good trace, for his crops smiled at the rain. , Ere another month had rolled by an other meeting was called lor a petition for rain, but this time the result was the same as before ' Many of the people had their muck to dig, and rain would prevent them; some in one, some in two, and some in three days,, while others wanted it to-be put off longer. So Mr. Surely had not jet oc casion to call for rain.: - . . . r .. One year rolled by, and up to that time the people of Fallowdale had never been able to agree upon' what kind Of weather they would have, and the result was that they were beginning to open their eyes to the fact that the world would be a strange place if its inhabitants could govern it. While they had been longing for a power they did not possess, they had net seen its absurdity, but now they had, in good faith, tried to apply that power under the belief .t-j j. !. -i ; i i mar u was ineirs, iney saw cieany mat they were getting beyond their, sphere. mt T . i av r I ney saw mat nature s laws were eater in the ' hands of Nature's God than in the hands of Nature's ehildren. 'v' ' 'On the last Sabbath in the first year of Mr. Surely s settlement at Fallowdale, he offered to break up his connection with the parish but the people would not listen to it. They had become attached to him, and to the meetings, and they wished him to stay.. . . . . ; . ."But I can no longer rest under our former contract with regard to the weath er," said the pastor. ' - "Nor do we wish you to," returned Sharp. .'-"Only preach to us, and teach us and our children how to live, and help us to be social and happy. , "And," added the pastor, while a tear of pride stood in his. eyes, as he looked for an instant into the face of his now happy wife, "all things above our proper sphere we will leave with God, for 'He doeth all things well."' GleasorCs Pictorial. -The True Wife. " He cannot be an unhappy man who has the love and smile of a woman to accom pany him in every department of life. The world may jook sad and cheerless, ene mies may gather in his path, but when he returns to the fireside and sees the tender love of a woman, he forgets his cares and his troubles, and-is comparatively a hap py man. tie is not prepared loathe jour ney of life who is without a companion, who will forsake him" in no emergency who will divide his sorrows increase his joys lift the veil from his heart, and throw sunshine amid the darkest scenes. , No man. can be miserable who has such a companion, be he ever so poor, despised, and trodden upon by the world. - Courting in the Dabk. A circum stance once befel two friends of ours, who met one evening at the house of a mutual friend, a young lady for whom both enter tained tender sentiments) ' In a Spirit of frolic, one of the young ladies put out the lght: and the two gentlemen judging the moment to be favorble for making knowi. the state of their feelings to the fair' one, changed 'at the same instant and placed themselves at the lady's side. Each gen tleman took, as he supposed, the soft little hand of the charmer, and each was enrap tured to find a tender pressure assuming the character of an unmistakable squeeze Some moments flew in this agreeable in terchange of sentiment, and it is fair to presume that both heads and hearts were reached, as Mr. Bird would express it. when the lady of the house becoming sus picious' from the unusual silence of her triends, suddenly relighted the lamp and discovered the two gentlemen, with love and delight beaming from their eyes, all absorbed in the novel recreation of squeez ing each other's hands. '-' , 'he gentlemen sloped incontinently; and Mtaof them confidently remarked 4o us a few days afterward when' the joke got abroad, that he ''thought all the while Hannah's hand felt plaguey hard.". . The Five Daughters. A gentleman had five daughter, all of whom he brought up in some useful and respectable' occu pation in life.' These daughters married. one after the other; the. first married, a gentleman by the name of Poor; the second Mr. Little; the third, a Mr. bhort; the fourth, a Mr. Brown; and the fifth, a Mr. Hogg." At the wedding of the latter, her sisters, with their . husbands, were present; after the ceremonies of the wedding were over, the old gentleman said to his guests: "I have taken great, pains to educate my five daughters, that they might act well their parts in life; and from their advantges and improvements, 1 fondly hoped that they would do honor to my family; and now I find that all my. pains and expecta tions have turned out nothing but a Poor, Little, Short, Brown, Hog " ' J 1 ij t- - . i . . - - ; i t i - ftr Recently, at the dinner table of the Weddell, when the cloth had been removed for the last course, a verdant gentleman summoning a servant called for "some of that," pointing to a dish ot ice cream. It was placed before him, and he called for butter. The waiter wondered at the order, but accustomed to obey; hurried to the pantry and returned with the desired article. The gentleman "coolly ; spread the ioe cream upon his plate, carefully but tered it, and took a mouthful, the result of which seemed anything but satisfactory. 'Waiter," said he; "take this plate away and bring mesomevucfcZing that isn't quite so cold." Cleveland Herald.'- wr.-.-.- ' Mrs. Partington's Last. 'Well,' said the old lady the other day, as she was en gaged with her knitting work, ! wonder if I ever shall be able to .express myself correctly. It seems to me I never can use the right word: Every time I under take to say anything, 1 make. some blunder or other. ' henever I open my mouth I nm sure to put my foot into it!- -and she drew a dreep aigh as she spoke, indicating that her mortification was inexpressible We are quite too apt to-confound vanity with self-esteem.;-..The former is always a weakness, though sometimes an amiahlr one. . the latter is frequently sigmncant of strength, though its exhibition, is quite too often at the expense of its neighbors Vanity may be likened to the smooth skin ned and velvety footed mouse, nibbling about forever in expectation of a crumb; while self-esteem is too apt to take the likeness of the huge butcher's dog, who carries off your steaks,, and growls at you as he goes. - He is a freeman whose social condition is in no respect inferior to the claims of his moral nature and his intellectual. He is no slave,' no matter what his condition, when that condition continues to improve irt intellectual and moral 'respects. '' He. alone, is the slave, who is denied the posi tion which is essential to the exercise of his proper faculties, and the fit develop ment of his natural powers. He cannot but be a tyrant, Whom society has lifted into a condition superior to his capacities. -, Eliza Cook very, truly, says:. :.'To . ap preciate the value of newspapers, we have only to suppose that they were to be total ly discontinued for month.' : Thai idea is horrible. 4-,ci..r Report of the Secretary of the Navy. ' It gives a detailed account of the naval operations for the past year, and the pres ent location and: business of the. several squadrons and vessels belonging, to the Navy. The Naval Academy at Annapolis is spoken of in terms of high favor, andcer-: tain improvements suggested, which if adopted by Congress, cannot fail to be of great benefit to the naval students. It also recommends that the President be author ized to appoint annually ten midshipmen at large." : ' An increase of the Navy is also recom mended, as necessary to the protection of our growing commerce and to this end, it is proposed to add to o.ur present force two first class sailing frigates and seven first class steuiners, that would, carry fifty guns each. The important point m the report, js the! recommendation that the INavy be re-organized." .This is proposed to be done by the adoption of a retired list on reduced pay fortho aged and infirm who have faith fully discharged their duty; the discharge of the inefficient who have no claims on the government for faithful service; pro motion to bo regulated by capacity and tnarit, and not by seniority of commission; and sea servico to control to some extent the pay. ... The report also proposes some modifi cations in the laws in regard to the seamen that will encourage more permanent enlist ments, and suggests some changes in the regulations of the Navy that would tend to secure this. ' - The estimate of the expenses for the year ending June 30 1845, of the naval nnd marine corps, and , all objects within the control of the Navy Department, is placed at $11,730,515 10; included in which are S3.379.345 for the transporta tion of mails in steamships and other spe cial objects, v, '-.,-.'- ', i Postmaster General'3 Report. The Postmaster General's Report is a ong, able and business like document. We makehe following abstract: The whole number of Post Offices in the United States at the. close of the last official year, ending June 30, 1853, was 23.320. Of this number 255 are of the highest class, the Postmasters of which are appointed by the President. At the present date, December 1, 1853. the total uumber of Post Offices is 22,638. During the past year, commencing July 1, 1852. 1.898 Post offices were establish ed; '479 were discontinued, and there were ttppeiiited'to-oface-dur.irig-the said year. besides the 1,898 Postmasters to" the new ly established offices aloresaid, '3,000; 850 upon resignation, 225 on death, 182 by change of site, 91 where the Postmaster had moved away, anu .z.Jil on the re moval of prior incumbent; being : 8,567 Postmasters appointed during the year ending June 30, 1853.' ? ' At the close of the fiscal year, ending on the 30th June lasU therej.were in opera tion within the United States, 6.692 mail routes. The aggregate length was 217,- 743 miles, and 5,583 contractors employed thereon. " '' ""'.' '' ' ' - Tho annual transportation of the mails on those routes was 61,892.542 miles, and the annual cost thereof74,495 968; being about seven cents two mills per mile. Of these 61.892,542 miles of annual trans portation, 12,986,765 miles are required to be performed, on railroads, at a cost of $ 1 ,60 1 ,82 1 , being about twelve cents three mills per mile; 6,685.065 miles in steam boats, at a cost of S632.368, being about nine cents four mills per mile; 21.330,320 miles in coaches, at a cost of $1,206,958, being about five cents six mills per mile; and 20,890,446 miles in modes not speci fied, at a cost of $1,055,313,. being about five cents per mile. The following passage relating to Cali fornia exDenses and revenue, shows the .lioBlunnUiiaa naMiliflrfrt tho mftil Arm !. tTfr3n v . ... la ments in that section: - , , ' Our local mail service on the Pacific is strongly marked by two peculiarities; 'es pecially in' California very high prices and great difficulty in giving that people the mail facilities which they require. , The . present cost of transportation m steamboats in California is about thirteen cents eight mills per mile; in - coaches, about twenty cents per mile;' and in modes not specified, about, thirty-four cents six mills per mile. v - These mail prices, however, are not out of scale with those of labor, living, ' and commodities generally; in that region of country. . . - . , . ; The most striking discrepancy , appears On comparing these prices which the gov ernment pays in California with those which it receives for the same work 1 mean the rates of postage, the one is graduated, to the highest scale of prices, and the other to the lowest. - for a single letter of an ounce the department re ceives six, cents when prepaid, and ten cents when unpaid, and for each pound of printed matter, which comprises a very large proportion of the contents of the mails, about five cents a pound; the cost to the department for transportation across the Isthmus alone being twenty-two cents a pound. ., ihe necessary consequence is that the cost ol mail service in Oalitornia greatly exceeds the revenue it yields. The expenditures of the Department during the last fiscal year, as stated by the Auditor, amounted to $7,9.82,756 59,. The gross revenue of the year from all sources amounted to $5,940y724 70. . . It appears from the foregoing statements that the gross revenue of the year ending Juna.-wU, 1853, ten snort ot the expenai lures during the year by the sum of 82,- 04.03i 89.: ; r -; .. The foregoing deficiency should be di minished by the sum, of $53,504 48 due the United States to the 30th June. 1853 under the postal convention with Prussia, and increased by the quarterly balances due to Great Britain up to the same period, I amounting to $128,550' 79. This would! leave the deficiency in the revenue of the year to stand at $2,117,078 20 To supply the deficiency last mentioned, the department had at its disposal $1,571. 632 57, leaving the further sum of $545,' 445 63 to be provided by Congress for the service of the year ending July 30, 1853. the amount of postage stamps sold during the ; year ending June 30, 1852, was 1,316.663 39, and the sales during the year ending June 30th,. 1853, amount ed to $1,629,262 12. leaving in the hands of postmasters unsold $108,605 71 During the quarter ending 30th Septem ber, 1853, there were issued to postmas lers for sale - '- ' ' 464.350 note-size 3-cent stamped envelops. B, 1 1 U, 250 letter-size " " IfiOOnO fi.npnt - " 181,050official-size6-cent " amounting in all to $295,292 69.' :; It is estimatvl that the expenditures of the current fiscal year -will amount to $8,716,601; ' -' The means of the department applica ble to the expenditures of thepresent year are estimated as follows: ' Balance oni the Auditor's books on the 1st July, 1853. considered "ulti mately available" . . . . Revenue from postages, foreign and inland., in- - eluding sales of stamps.-: and stamped envelopes Letter carriers' receipts . .' . Miscellaneous receipts. . . Annual appropriations in . compensation; of mail -services . rendered ' the 'government.. Appropriation to supply deficiencies in the pres ent year....?? 1,800.000 Deduct-amount drawn to supply deficiencies of the past year. .550,000 $104,726 46 5.344 J33 24 120.000 00 . . 40,000 00 700,000 00 SI, 250,000. 00 .: : : : - $7,558,859 70 Phe estimated expendi-. . , ,. : '. turcs for the year ending :. : . ; r 30th June, 1854.. as-al-. : ; . ready stated, amount to $8,716,601 00 The estimated means as : t ' . above:..... 7,558,859 7p Deficiency June 30,1854 $1,157,741 30 Of the deficiency above stated, the sum of $545.445 '63 belongs to the fiscal year ended June 30, 1853, and the remainder to the present year. ' . Thus we find the -Cheap Postage Sys tem creating an' actual deficit in the reve nue of th'eDepartmiaef -fleerly$3,000 000J"The last Cheap Postage Act gives Postmasters, in certain cases, an . extra commission of 20 per cent, which , costs about half a million a year..1 The Euro pean Mail Service has; cosl. immensely more than the receipts amount to, and l.he California Mail. Servicer cost; two-thirds more than it pays. .' Postages on newspa pers, under last reduction, have fa)len ;ofr $400,000. But what ot' all lhis o-iJetter the Treasury should pay, than': the diffu. sion of intelligence be suspended, . ;.?rr " -- : 1 .''A' Report of the Secretary of War. ' The annual report - of " Col.. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War, contains a varie ty of interesting . facts, and recommends several important reforms in the army of the United States. ThefoHowingnsacon densed view of its prominent statements and suggestions: ' ''' s -N ; The authorised strength of the United States army is . 13,821. men and officers; but the actual strength, according to the latest returns, is only 10,417, .'of which number 8.378 are employed in the frontier departments, oir. are now on their way to them. It is stated,' further, that the meas ures taken for the protection' of our fron tiers have been successful; that the troops everywhere have been actively and con stantly employed; that Indian depreda tions have been comparatively un frequent, and, except in .California and Oregon, have, not attained, more . than a local im portance. . " . . , - ' , .. .-' New posts are to be established in the. Indian country west of the Mississippi, in more . favorable positions, to enable the Department to dispense with a. number of the smaller and less important posts. A greatei force is also to be employed for the protection of the .emigrants crossing the plains.. ; .-..,' . , . . v - P , A ipajority of the cases of Indian dep redations in Texas which have come to the knowledge of the Department, have been by Indians from Mexican territory. Maj. Gen. Smith, aided by an experienced offi cer of engineers, is selecting sites for per manent fortifications on the Rio Grande one ol which will be opposite El Paso and another at the Camanche crossing. ,' It is the intention of the' Department that,' as soon as possible, a considerable force shall be sent to the Pacific coast,' and one of the Brigadier-Generals of the Army ordered to the command, Nine compa nies of artillery are posted in Florida, to aid the effort now in progress there to. ef fect the removal of ihe Indians. Coercive measures are to be used if found neces sary. Two of the ,5 regiments of artillery are to be arranged on the Canadian fron tier and' the Atlantic and Gulf coasts; a third on the Rio Grande boundary, and a fourth on the; Pacific coast. Of the cav alry regiments,' one' will be required in Texas, one in New Mexico; and the re maining are for the Westeui frontier.v,A fourth regiment of cavalry ia asked of Congress by the Secretary, i nree regi ments of infantry are required in ' Texas, besides two On the frontier west of the, Mis sissippi,' one in New Mexico, and one in the Indian, country of the Pacific. Ml is the purpose of the department to post the troops in large bodies at commanding'pb sitions, instead of dispersing them among numerous small posts.. "'".'' ,,:.'' -' '' In consequence of the difficulty of keep ing the ranks full, the Secretary proposes 1st,' an increase of the present pay of the common ''soldier; ' 2d, an' additional in crease for each successive period of five years, so long as he shall remain in the Army; 3d, provision for the promotion to the lowest grades of commissioned officers ot such of the non-commissioned officers of the army as may be found qualified for, and by their character and services enti tied to, such - advancement. Also,- that every soldier who, having been honorably uiBcnargeu rrom tne service ol the united States, shall, within one month thereafter, re-enlist,' shall be entitled to two dollars per month in addition to the ordinary pay of his grade for the first period of five years after ; the expiration of his first en listment, and a further sum of one dollar per month for each successive period of nve years; So long- as he shall remain continuously in the Army. :t ihe Secretary argues elaborately in favorof the increase of the army, showing the actual necessity 'for such a measure. lie recommends that the minimum organ ization of all Companies be fixed, as in the mounted riflemen, at 64 privates,' and that there be added to the present military es tablishment one regiment of dragoons and two regiments of riflemen, which would give -a minimum organization -of 15,528 officers and men, which may be expanded, if the limit fixed by -the law of June 7th, 13i0, be continued, to 17.414, and on a war establishment; of 128 privates : per company, to 27.813, -thus providing for a state of war an effective increase of from 10.000 to 12 000 men without the creation of new regiments, i Geni Soott; recom mends a larger increase. The Secretary1 recommends, also, that another company of sappers : and miners be added to the j engineer corps. .: ' ' .; :;-:r.:'- .-'! With a number of other recomtrtenda- tions calculated to render the army more efficient and capable of enduring the hardi ships of active service, the Secretary pro ceeds to speak of the necessity of encour aging regularity and uniformuy in the mui- tta; and in connection with this subied- he recomiiiends providing tliie militia with the proper books for tactical instructions. The condition of the Military Academy is favorably spoken of, and .the Academic term is, ov the Board, recommended to be increased lo five years; ' i -. Report of the Commissioner of In- The following extracts are the most im portant portions of the Report of the Com missioner sjf Indian Affairs,' made to the Secretary of the l Interior: (,- , . , Y I ha"ve the honor, io submit a' general view ,f-,thei present con4iUoxu o f a ur , J n.-.. dian relations, and a statement p!-the operations of this branch , of the public service during the .past year.r, Referring to the accompanying Reports of the different superintendents, 'agents and other persons employed for the benefit of the Indians, for mora detailed and spe cific information in' regard to their present condition and prospects, I would remark', that peace and tranquility, have prevailed generally among the emigrated, and other tribes along the extensive inner Jronuers, from. Lake, Superior"; and out , Northern boundary to. Texas, with whom we have conventional relations and intercourse ol ong' standing.. In regard to. those more remote and more recently blought under the supervision of the Department, fewer occurrences of a painful nature have been reported than might have. been anticipated. . The whole number of Indians,! within our limits is estimated at 400,000.; ' About 18,000 yet linger in some of the States east of the Mississippi river, principally in New York, Michigan and Wisconsin the remair.dcr.ccnslsting of Cherokees, Chock taws and Seminoles, being in Noith, Caro lina, Mississippi and Florida., ' ; - The number in Minesota, and along the frontiers of the Western States to Texas, comprising mainly emigrated tribes, is estimated at 1 10 000. Those of the plains and Rocky Mountains, and not within any of our organized Territories, at 63,000; those in'Texas at 29,000;-those in New Mexico at 45,000; those in California at 10,000; those in Utah at 12,000; and those in the territories of Oregon and Washing ton at 23,000. ;;;y y v " - ' The unfortunate and . distracting con troversy for some time existing among the Seneca. Indians of New York, in regard to their" form of government, seems happily to have terminated;; the republican sys tem, adopted by the majority in 1848, be ing apparently now acquiesced in by the remainder, by whom' it was long strenu ously opposed. . .. Tho dictates of hiimanlly"'and good policy alike requires the early 'and effec tive interposition of the Government in re spect to the Indians of Michigan.' These Indians some 7000 in'number, are repre-, sented to be divided into more than1 sixty separate communities, and are to be found in nearly every county of the Slate. Many of them being without any 'settled places of habitation, and grpdualiy imbibing the worst vices of civilization; are becoming vitiated and degraded; a pest and a nui sance to the neighborhood where they re sort. . . , .. - : , . ' , ..: ''' 1 In thisi unsettled. disDersed and other wise' unfavorable condition,- nothing can be " done to., reclaim and improve them, Those of their more fortunate 'brethren who have enjoyed the advantages of fixed locations, present a much more favorable aspect. . Most of them have comfortable homes, and under'the. influence of the de voted efforts of several Christian denomi nations, are gradually improving in ac quiring the habitsi and tastes, of civilised life. By a provision of the State Consti tution, they are ' entided to citizenship on becomina aualified therefor by intelligence and good character, and abandoning their tribal cpndition--numoers nave man nest ed a proper appreciation of this high priv ilege a laudable ambition to 'fit them selves for it. v ; 1 V'T" -: ' .' : ' , ,'" By the, treaty these Indians 'have the right to a home west'- of the Mississippi should they emigrate; uui uierais no pros pect of, their ever being' willing to do so.ht The citizens of . M itfiigan , it is go de rst oo'd . entertain no desire to have them expafledj, ' from the Country the home of their fora- fathers. Suitable, locations, itj is'.;uhdef-,, stood, can be jbund for them in the State,, where, they .can .be. concentrated under; circumstances' iay6rable to v their., comfort, and improvement, ..Witl)Ottidetjriniet State or individual In tereats, ,ani early measures' . for , Uiat . purpoaa h9uldJ( adopted. . :; V...V-I1,... -'-Ji ,.:n,rj ;- Report of the Land Offlce,' - The statements in "this documentvar generally restricted to the close: df lh J' third quarter of Ihe current yeaf Jir.hh', 'i JJuring that period 9,816,411 acres wer' surveyed, principally ' in Missouri,- Louis iana, Michigan, Florida, IowajVVisconiw : and Minesota, - and of these and others previously ' suiveyed,f 10,363,891 acre , were brought into tnarket; under thePre'si- r dent's proclamations, exclusive1 ol thfeJanfr heretofore reserved on account of TaHtbadi ' grants, and which have beeofor sale-to-abject to the double minimum.: In' the fisoaj r year ending the 30th Jofte last there wfcr disposed of a all 25,346,49-fct Iff "vtcrin ?! r or the quarter ending September lu 1 853, 5,04 1 ,276 acres were disposed - by sales and locations an increase &r lhf( ast ' fiscal year, compared; -Avith . the pel . ceding of 12,231,818 acres. .iTbe increase? for tlie tiiird -quarter of the- current cafen- dar and the corresponding quarter lop the,') previous year, is, in all, 310.123 acres? I he above statements have reference .ehly to the lands east of the Rocky MouatainnT this great increase in the disposal of tlul - public domain : has.-occurred iri r thosew States where railroads have been pfojebU) ed and grants made for ihem'or Jbyr.'the- - proposed construction " errthe oatutqSt Mane Canal: ,3'f :-if ?,'? to ff..fc,ici -'As evidence of this fact; the lans with! ' drawn from sale in Illinois . lot enable: tiuuy State to select those granted to her by tbr Act ot xuth September 1850, were agaiau brought into market -in July, August and September-,-:: 1852; dedtf ctfng:oX;?co;iMsa -2.695j053 acres selected by her underSJaall grant. During the fiscal year ndirigi30uV June last, in that Slate, there werff soJcMbi; - " cash 298,861 aores: located WiUi ; IakA t - warrants 2,509, 1 20 acres; total 2,807,88 11 -. acresT being about one and a ouarierraiK; ' lion more than all the, land sold fexcJad ing the-, locations of Warrants) -daring Vim ; preoedihg fiscal year, in allthe land. State! ' '; andlTerritorys . I r--r;U tr.i:f il hap This great and extraordinary increastV ; in the amount of lands disposed xfuin'BevK eral sections or the country, remote from " -' each' other, can only be accounted. faf by : the - improve me-n U : referred ioji jtn.iac.ti great is the increase in the value of Jand . - that land warrants and' land seripcari nearly up to the par of.face. valueiM Ifj then, . oo other jreaaon existed for uOh grants,: this one. - on, the core flf 'sounds economy, would be sufficient. t'jM'Miyf; of these lands, however, have. beeain market : " long enough for. the iOlerpat to acntOunV to ' much more than the principal; and .dorina allihis period, the Stales were deprived; of tlie , right- and f benefit of taxation.' '.s Th lands donated for the oonslrilcUooilheBS improvements, and those thus.tenterajt must, of necessity, be eultivated,."to ble the holders to pay the taxerKnd, fr"0B this, legitimate source of revenue, .great pecuniary benefit will be- derived, by-tb Slates. . lv-;-:lJS-.--:'tftWl-x This cultivation, as a. ro alter -of courjge will- increase the . amount -of .grain andi stock in the country, and with these; inn creased facilities for endiog;,theset0 ducts to market! will reduce1 the'; ptioe cf living, and thus benefit the whole coramu-f nity. -.They will ;also .reduce the. pricejof transportation, for the rnanufaqtuwarand) n imposts of the seaboard; ,'and; se,t fedue the price v of those articles . to. ihe: aetljar, and, proportionately increase: th qjiarUiQi used; and,; of coarsec-jhe.rofit Jjtftj4hfl manufacturer and importer. c-'J tclfrJJ The mail facilities furnished by (ihes lines of intercomrniinication : Will; tbe rof great; advantage to.' the government and the entire community; and in case of wij if hostilities were brought to .our own hory ders, the ad vantages furnished by them fo transporting men and military stores art almost inappreciable. Another and a verj great' benefit derived from these improve ments is the amouat of capital and laboa carried into the hearts of the several Staxei by. their construction Hundred f Ahco4 sands-,of Jaborers;can' fiodconstantenH . ployment oa them,'- and.each, by;; very small amount of, labor," can secure. -the; blessings of a "homestead without: feel ing degraded by having it conferred upon? him as a gratuity, even, if it were coostit tutional thus to . benefit a few at Una pense of the many, or coipatibJ wilk thn pledges heretofore given in relatioOifcttha public lands. . ? ' Or There K is '; sacredheas in' leafs They, are' not the rpark ;6f weakness, ixxi ofpowerI ;f: They" spe'alr! more" eloquently than ten thousand tongues? 'fThey re"th4 messengers of overwhelminggrief, .oYdeirjl contrition,' and of unspeakable love;' ?$ Xrtr ii i ' '. ' -.- t-frel(ffj . 06" We are but, passengers of a- iiajtt whether it is in a - stage-ooacb,, or- to ibti immense- machine of the universeJj God's name, then t why ehould "we-not make the way as pleasant 4o. each., the, as possible? 1 , a ; ? Z , K a' c C -U n'tiCl .- " 03-A country girl ooming in irom tW field Was told by her cousin that she look ed as fresh as a. daisy kissed with de,w. " Well it wasn't any " )e)1of''th.aVoai Bill Jones kissed; Tne'; end confauhd his" pictures 1 told him everybody wtjuld find it'but. J. r.n--f ; Aim high in life.- ilCyou don't biV;the stars you can land in the mud,;'4nylhing is better than , stupid inaction.; - Ever ,) muddy man is worth a half dozen ieiy cnecj ; Oir' A universal cry after marriasa Is tr "I wish we had the money now wef thre away. at oureddingl' :;; '' V r ''xr rew . 1 0" Somebody says the Mississippi hail raised one foot, v When it raises the other, it will probably runO 3 -iw '4'.