Newspaper Page Text
'" A(xltIC UIE II R A L. Itales for Wintsr. Jfow. is iho time, in tlia Northern States, to be preparing for winter; anil a (ew sim-. plo ruleu may be useful as remembrancers', especially ' to -young and inexperienced farmers. '." ..;. .. . I." Keep no 'more stock ahan you can keep jeally. well. If you have moretpick ouHhe most inferior and sell them. Bet- tec to, winter tent head well, and have them in fine condition in the spring; than to keep twentv' half starved, which it will require 1 all the next summer to put into condition, to save it. . Liebig says that all the am III Heat 'and shelter areVquivalent to monia which renders guano so valuable, food." Ask yourself whether it is best to ahd which is . so greaily needed by our spend all und red dollars in putting up a wheat, is derived from the urine. ' good shed, Which will last for years; or to spend this -hundred dollars in hay and oth- erfddJer: in wasted manure, and diseased and tljing stock? It is fully proved that well-sheltered animals, with racks to ertt frontf can be wintered, and kept in fine condition, 'on one-naif the food necessary where stock is fed out of doors on the . ground, with the lea side of a rail fence for shelter end this without taking into, con sideration the saving of manure and many other, items of profit. Ilti ;You cannot make your youns ani- malsloo comfortable, or feed them too well, during the first winter. If they are once stunted, or starved, they will never recov- r it." ""' This applies to all kinds of stockj . Uoi especially w calves and raules..- ; ; JLV; .THerefoiF make provision not on- lyfor their shelter, but also for their food. Hay -alone wilL'not do for them. II you have, no roots, j feed thorn on bran, and . crjished oats, and corn. The secret of U having fmb stock, is to keep them always in growing c'ondUion. This they-do dur- ing summer on the best grass; and the cold o winter ponsumes & great proportion of tneaooU eaten m producing heat, which in summer goes tq "constitute flesh and fat - ins morally impossible that a young am in at can continue; to crop.during our win tars on the sama food which keeps it in ummor JJoth the size and healtii of your animals nu the milk-producing power ol your cows," will depend on their being well fed during winter. , : : Yj t has been fully proved; that If,y our aheep'-ar shut up all winter, with a sufTi- ciepcv oi water, iney can uo kpdi lai on A j . . ' ' . r : t . wheat'and oat straw alone, and make o vast) quantity oi":.manure, though a few roots, r ft. little grain once or twice a week 1 tetter. t Thus by having a proper build ihg, you cair turn all your straw into wool ait 60 cents a pound, and tho richest ma- nure, instead of burning it, or letting it rot, as is 90 olten done. Would not this soon . pay for a shedl VI. Uemember that you raise cattle in ! order to make a profit on them. It costs,! ortan average, five dollars ,,.a year to raise a oommon cow, in the common way ,.to maturity, at four years old, and then you barely gej twenty dollars lor -it. - It may cost you seven dollars a year to raise a I finVgra'de" to maturity i at three years old. and you will get fifty dollars for-it.; In one Case you. barely "get what the beast costs! i AT- - 1 " ' ' 1. . '. I yua, id sine uiiier, you urn tie tweiuy-aiue dollars profit. As regards horses, the dif- ferenoe is greater stilLi Depend.on it', no onj ever made" money on stock by half- starving andrneglect; but you cannot fail tomaks anoney .if you reed judiciously, and feed and shelter liberally. ' s VII.. II you would grow profitable crops, and prevent ypnr. land from being impov- - erished, you must manure liberally This manure you. must either malie'or buy, if ' yon can. find' any one to dell it;" forour .;.VYestern lands must have vegetable, as well as mineral manures. Now if you allow . your, cattle and sheep to run loose all win- W, you will make', no- manure. If you keep them up all winter, you : will make a ..great deal.'of ii.; '.The annual difference is, probably on a common farm, twenty buslt.- veis ai wneai, or, uus year, twenty acinars, oiuer classes, can uo uetermined by an' That would pay ten per cent, interest on general rules. In birds it may be some two hundred dollars invested in buildings, times done by observing the form and wear .Bul as ,,yc?u . could .keep twenty head of of the bill; and some pretend to distinguish vtock shut up, on the same- food that ten .would-Consume running : loose, we "may call the difference of profit far greater than Vthat VllI., .Again.every heap of dirty, rotten straw is not "manure',' though it is often called so? by courtesy, i-Manure is of no U9B lu a uia.ui, uiiui n Mau uo uisauiveu ill : k -..-r . . . . . . . . water. now, 11 you leave a tieap ot straw . . . . k - . . r - . "C7C", " ' TV ;u" uvarijr mi niui iiianea 11 usciui iu . a piaiu runs' on, or escapes into the air, ' Alter, a time, nothing is left but humus, or, raiher, I woody bre.- It is true that rotten wood - may .do some good" in" some lands;" but why wash your manure clean of every thin g else before you apply it?. ; The hest pre served, and richest barn-yard manure con- j sists of 1- -:V". L ?: ; - -: :. j.-'.'WaterrV',.-."'' , V , .65 parts.' ; 4 Organio or vegetable matter, 24' " : . l't ' I jfnorganic salts', . ' ;' '1 1 ":;10 .'. . 'ri PJow ..these last ten parts are worths all :;tW rest; and yet they run off with a' few j" showers; as well as all that is truly excel- lant an tl,A f want tr.fXiir anil k.Trn.rf.i .nil '-. , - . . . r. . -juu van iu 1110 uciu a iicau vuuaiallllir x 'fc- - r , , . ,.i water ana rouen straw, scarcely soluble, f yet affording a little carbonio acid gas. 1 But if you keep your cattle shut up, and Have a rough, cheap 'shed outside, 'into which you daily pitch the dung, you save ell this loss; you save' the; urine, which is far more valuable, "as well as the dung; ' you have it dry and therefore do not waste your time in carting water to the fields. One load of such manure is estimated as ffHiy worth.. five of the best saved, without cover; and worth a very great number of loads tf the rotten washed stuff too often applied. ' Now, here, the saving and profit ace very great. IX. But if you are afraid of the trouble of .cleaning your stables daily, have your floors altered to Mr. Mechi's plan; that is, instead of plank, have the floors made of scantling a few inches apart there is a fixed rule for the different kinds of stock and a shallow vault, water-tight, beneath. The dung and urine will fall in, and be saved till you need them. The urine of cattle is a far richer manure than the dung; and every possible pains ought to be taken " X. These rough hints must serve for the present. ; Those who wish to prosper will follow them. Those who are rich enough, and do not wish to prosper any better, are at liberty to neglect them. But there is one exception. No man has a right to torment dumb animals entrusted to bis charge; and we are sure that a calf, half-starved, exposed to a bitter, bleak. west wind, with -the thermometer at zero, cannot feel very happy. The ox that has helped to fill our granaries, the cow that supplies our daily milk and butter, the colt which will be our companion and friend" for years, have all a right to claim our consideration and tender kindness- Far mer's Companion land Horticultural Ga- setle.- - : Tho Ages of Animate. . . The, English Cyclopaedia gives the fol lowing modes of determininc the are o animals: "Amongst domestic animals the otq may fce md-ied of bv the presence absence, or change of ccrtJin organs in the body.; The age of the horse 13 known principally by the appearance of the in cision teeth, or, as they are technically cal led, the nippers. In cattle with horns, the age is indicated more readily by the growth of these instruments than by the detrition and succession of the teeth. The deer kind, which shed their horns annually, and in which, with the single exepetion of tho rein- deer, they are confined to. the male sex, have Oiehi at first in the form of simple prickets without any branches or antlers; but each succeeding year of their lives adds one' or more branches, according to tno species, up to a certain fixed period, beyond which the ageof the animal can only be guessed at from tho size of the hornsr- and the thickness of the burr or knob at their roots, which connects them with the skull. '.The horns of oxen, sheep. goats, and antelopes, which are hollow and permanent, are of a very difforen, form, and grow in a different maner from those of the deer kind. These, as 19 well known, consist of a hollow sheath of horn which covers a bony core or progress of ihe skull, and grows from the root, where it receives each year en aJditional knok or ring, tlio number of which is a sure in dicatioa or the animal's nge. The growth of the horns in these animals is by no means , uniform through the whole year but the increase, at least in temperate cli. mates, takes place in Spring, after which . 1 f-. . ! . .. I 1 . .-tl . 1 ' r ,t inere is no lurtuor uuuuiou mi me 10110W ing season. In the cow kind the' horns appear to grow, uniformly during the first three years of tho animal's life; consequent j ly, up to that age they aro perfectly smooth end without wrinkles, but afterwards, each I succeeding year adds a ring to the root of the horn, so that the ago is determined by allowing three years for the point or smootli part of the horn, and one for each of the rings. . In sheep and goats the smooth or top part counts but for ono year, as the horns of these animals show their first knob or ring in. the second year of their age; in the antelopes they probably follow the same rule, though we have very little knowledge of their growth and development in these animals!";' There are very few instances in which the age of animals belonging to the age of fishes by the appearance oi their scales, but their methods are founded on mere hypothesis, and entitled to no con fiden'ce. "'.. - Shoeing Horses. . ; The following are the regulations of the British army upon this subject. They were I 1 . - 1 p c prepared by a mixed commission of of- c , . . ,- , ncers and eminent and experienced pro fusion al men, and have recently been is 1 j I. Tho shoe is to be bevelled off so as to leave a space and prevent pressure, to the sole. '-'.' r..' . , 2, It is not to be grooved or ferreted but simply punched, and the nails coun tersunk. ' : h . ',.- -a ,3. Calkin is to be applied to the hin shoe only, and is to be confined to th outside heel. '. -, '.' v 4; The weight of the shoe is to be from 12 to 15 ounces, accordinr to the size of the horse.,, '. - ' , V , 5.. Horses are shod with not less than six nails in the fore, and seven in the hin shoe; nor is the shoe to be attached wit Oil, . ., , . . , Hess than three nails on each side "., 6. In preparing the foot for the shoe, as little as possible should be. pared out; and the operation should be confined to the re moval of the exfoliating parts of the foot only, .. . :.?'. ;.:..:. . ... : .-. .: ;;V ",: . : 7. Both ihe fore and hind shoes are to be made, with a single clip at the toes. v These rules may be of value to black smiths, livery-men and horse owne'rs. ;' ! . 0" Poverty wants some, luxury many, and avanoe all things. THE SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY. PUBLISHED, EVERY WEDNESDAY. - : - ; v - TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: One dollar and fifty cents per annum, i.f paid in advance;' otherwise two dollars will be requir ed. Marketable produce will be taken in payment. No paper will be discontinued, except at the op tion ot the editor, until all arrears are paid. , All fetters and communications sent by mail must be post-paid. ' '..' JOB PRINTING Executed with neatness and dispatch at this Office, Jiid at reasonable prices. , TERMS OF ADVERTISING: For 3 wks. 3 mos. 6 mos. 9 mos. I year. 1 square, $ 1. $2. 3. $T. $1T 2 squares, 2. 3. 6. 7. column," 3. . 4. o7 T. 9. j column, 5. 7 10 13. 16. 1 column, 8. T6T 15. 20. 25. Twelve lines, or less, will be charged as one square. . THE LAW OP NEWSPAPERS. 1. Subscribers who do not give express notice to the contrary, are considered as wishing to con tinae their subscription. 2. It subscribers order the discontinuance c their periodicals, the publisher mny continue to send them until all arrearages are paid. S IF subscribers neglect or refuse to take their periodicals from the offices to which they are di rected, thev are held responsible till they have settled the bill, and ordered them discontinued. 4. If subscribeis remove to other places withou informing the publishers, and the papers are sen to the former direction, they are held responsible 5- The courts have decided that refusing to take periodicals from the office, or removing and leav tngthem uncalled for, is prima lacie evidence ol intentional fraud. D H .WIRE. W. P. R!C;l.ROj.)!f. '"'"Vire-& Richardscn, r . A TTORN E YS A T L A W, v : " Woodsfield. Monroe CV, Ohio. E, AIICHBOLD. ; ' S. DAVENI'OHT. Arclibold Davenport, ATTORNEYS AT I.AIV, Woodsfield, Ohio, Will practice in Monroe and the adjoining coun ties. All business entrusted to their care will meet with prompt attention. . Oct. 8, 1S51. . John Sinclair, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY. , WOODSFIELD, MONROE COUNTY, O. Qr W ill practice in Monroe and adjoining coun ties. Oifice over the Clothing Store entrance one door north of Steed's Inn. llol'ister, Okey & Ilollislciy A T T O R N E Y S "A T L AW, ; r Wooihfield, Ohio. : Dr. B- F. 'McMahon, TF.NDERS his professional services ta the citi zens of WOODSFIELD and vicinity. OIHce up stairs over the Treasurer's office entrance one oor noi'tli ol Meed s Hotel. Dec. 14, 1853. Picron & Walki::s - FFER iheir prolesmnal services to the citi Zfciis of WoodslielJ and Jaineslovvn, and their vicinities. Dr. Pikrson may be found either at his uffice. nppOMie J. A.&G. H. Davenport s store, or at lJriK- s Hotel, Woodsheld. . Dr. W atkins's office is at his residence, 11: Jamestown. All critical cases will receive the prompt atten ti.n of lioth Drs. Fierson & WatUins. Oct S, 1853. : Dr. J. Bo win an, LATE of B nvdnin Medical School, has located in ANTlOCH, and will be plearad to attend to the afllicted in Clinical Medicine and surgery. Or as AccocciiEcn. Having; been raised and educated in New ICnelaud where Lung diseases prevail, he particularlv calls the attention of the citizens to his mode of treatment of Pneumonia, Phthisis, Pulmonalis, &c. Antioch, Feb 2, 18o3. Dr. T. Rose, FFERShis services to the citizens of Grays- ville and vicinity as Physician, Surgeon and Obstetrician . July, 6. 1S53 : : W. TSINCLAIR. JOHN MARTIN ; Drs. Sinclair & Martin. FFICE up stairs in the new building, one door south of J. K. Randolph s Hotel. Woodsfield, April 13, 16D3. . - , Dr. W. T. Sinclair TTAS removed his residence to A. D. Drisres 1L Hotel. - Office up stairs in the new buildine one door south ol J. H. uandolph . Dec. 1, 1852. "Dr. J- Ij. Dye, rTlENDEItS his professional services to the cil J izcns of Voodslielu and vicinity, in the prac tice of Medicine and Suraery. Oifice and resi dence one door north of the building lately occu pled by W. C. Walton, dec d, as a store-room DRUGS & MEDICINES THE Subscriber has just opened one door north of the buildinc lately occupied by m. V. Wal ton, dee'd, a largo supply of , -Drugs, Medicines, Paints, loins, DYESTUFFS, &-C, Suitable for nhis mirket, which he will sella wholesale or retail at reasonable pi ices." Woodsfield, June 8. J. L. DYE, ollancl Hons ; Woodsfield, Ohio. e9 THE large and commodious house On the south west coiner of Main and Main Cross streets, has been fitted up with new furniture of handsome and comfortable style, and is now open for the ac commodation of guests. ' The subscriber invites the patronage of the public; and those who favor him with their company may be assured of a hos pitable reception, the best fare, and such comforts and attentions as win maicenis nouse compare 1a vorably with any others. Bills moderate. HORACE HOLLAND. July 6,1853. J- New Shop. B. E. Dung-an has remov ed his SHOP from Ferry to Main street South side, 3 doors West of J. R. Smith's, where he is prepared to do all kinds of work in his line, WATCHES AND CLOCKS repaired and war ranted to keep good time. . Claringtcn, Nov. 23. 1653. ." ; m. R BOOTH, ; FORWAHDINO AND COMMISSION MERCHANT - CLARINQTON, OHIO, TTAVING recently purchased a Wharf Boat J.J. in Connection nrilh his Wakehoose, is now ready to accommodate Momng Families at mod erate charges.. Merchants consigning their goods to his care, will have them received at night and in wet weather on the Wharf boat, without extra charges. ; ; , , - . ; Aug. 17 Sunfish and Wheeling Pail)7 Packet, , mzm. STEPHEN BAYARD Li' i 3. K. Booth, Master, SaszsSawill leave SUNMSH every day at 6 o'clock, A. M. and WHEELING at 4 o'clock 7 j All business entrusted to this boat will rece.ve prompt attention, j . .v s: .. , . . March 81, 1852. ' ' E N G il A V I K G S I - CO CENTS A VOLUME. THE PEOPLE'S JOURNAL, An Illustrated Record of v . Agriculture, Mechanics, Science and Use- Jul Knowledge.. : . PUBLISHED MONTHLY, BY ALFRED E. BEACH. r.veiy uuiuer contains J2 Large rages ot L.et- X ici-i icoo, ueaumuiiy pruiiea on i me fper, anil ruuf U8KLY LLUSTUATED with ENGRAVINGS. Forming, at the end of each half year,' a SPLEN DIU VOLUME of Two Hundred Pases, Il lustrated with over two iiurdrkd el. eg ant engravings, the entire cost being only HALF A DOLLAR. ' Farmers, Mechanics, Inventors, Manufacturers, and people of every profession, will find in the People s Journal, a repertory of valuable knowledge peculiarly suited to their respective wnius; Terms To Subscribers, fifty cents a volume. snnscripiions may be sent bv mail in coin, nost oiuce stamp, or tuns, at the nslt ol (he publisher The name ot the Fost Office, County, and State wriere tne paper is desired to he sent, should be plainly written. Address, ALFRED E. BEACH, -1 No. 86 Nassau-Street, New York City CC-1 wo volumes are published annually. Back numbers and volumes always on hand for sale. Mugle copies 10 cents each, to be had at nearly an tne book anu reriodical Stores m the country Specimen copies sent on application A LIBERAL DISCOUNT TO THE TRADE. THE PEOPLE'S PATEJYT OFFICE. Inventors and others desiring to obtain Letters Patent for inventions, are requested to communi cate directly with the editor ot the People's Jour nal, by whom all the necessary documents are pre' pared, with the utmost fidelity and dispatch. Pa tent business of every description promptly atten ded to. Persons within? for information relative to Patents or Inventions, may at all times consult the undersijined, trilhou! charge, euher personal ly at his olfice, r by letter To those living at a isUnce, he would st'tte, that all the business ne essary to secure a Patent can be arranged by let ter, just as well as' though the parties were per.v ally pie.fnt. All consultations and business strictly confidential. Patents prompt!y secured n tiiiglmd, franco, nnd ottiei loreiju countries. , ALFRED E. REACH. Editor of the People's Journal, Patent Asent, &c. No. Sh) iiissa'i-slreet,JNTew York City. Mail A rrlingements, A URIVAL AND DEPARTURE of the mail IX. at and from oodsfiki.d : Kairvibw Arrives every day (except Sun- ay) at o o clock F. iVl . Uenaits eveiy day (ex ept Sunday) at a t cloc A. Al, UARstsviLi.E ivia jaiaisi Arrives every Tuesday and Friday at 5 o'clock P. M. Departs very veunesiay aim Sdturaay at o A. iVl. marietta (western route) Arrives cvetv 1 ucsriay anu I hursday at 7 P. M. Departs every Monday and- V ednes1ay at O A. M. Marietta (Sinuitipm route) Arrives everv aturday at 7 P. M. Departs every Friday at 6 A. M. Laiso's(Nc' Castle) Arrives every Monday and .Thursday at 12 A. M. Departs same days at 1 r IVl. Sonfish (Ciarin'on) Arrives every Monday and Thursday at 1 P. M. Departs same days, at r. M. St. Cr.Ainsru.T.F--Arrives every Monday and r nday at i P. M. Departs every Tuesday and JSJturday al 3 A.m. ; Surveyiiifj;. ryillE imdersijned; thanklul for past lavors, JL would inform the nulilic that he ?till "contin ues-llis business 01 UKV-ir iimu. 11 e may be found a part of his time in Woodsfield, and a"part of his time in Malaga township. My IS, 1853.. -'-. ; Grave Stone Cutting. "11E undersigned has removed to Surfi.-h Creek, thiee-quarters ol a mile above Rich- ncr's mill, where he is carrying on the business ol GRAVE AND TOMB STONE CUTTING. in its various branches. Those entrusting their work to him will have it done in the neatest and most appruved style of tvoikmanship, and at mod erate prices. fc-Marble Grave and Tornb Stnnee lurnishel to order. P. CAWLMKI.U, : :Moiiroc: Jfiutxial' Fire Insurance Company WOODSMELD, OHIO. This company, being oigamzed under a fv, able chartei olitsined from the Legislature, is no ready to Insure Hotels, Dwelling Houses, Barns, Stables, Stora Houses, Shops, Merchandize, c SC. , against loss ny ure. .DIRECTORS. ' ISAAC WELSH, , JOHN KERR, CHARLES HARE, WILLIAM STEEL, JOHN A. DAVENPORT, JOHN F. EIDENHARK, NATHAN IIOLLISTER, THEO. BENNINGHAUS, JNO. M. KIRKBRIDE. . . JOHN A. DAVENFORT, Pres't. N. Hoilistcr, Treas. , - Jko. M- Kirxbkide, Sec'.y. - SIMPSON IIOLLISTER, ' April 21, 1352. r, General Agent. SPRING AND 5 VM M E R i II E Subscriber respectfully announces to the citizens of CLARINGTON and vicinity, that he. is now receiving and opening at his Store, A Larze and Well-selected Slock of DRY GOODS, HATS, BONNE TS, BOOTS AJD SHOES, IIJRDJVJ1RE, QUEEJVSWARE, GROCERIES, - &C-.&C..&.C.. Selected expressly lor this market. All of which will be sold for Cah or Produce at the same pri ces charged in Wheeling. Also a laree lot of WINDOW SASH and PANEL DOORS for sale. Aid. 20, 1353. R. CHASE. Valuable Farm for Sale. THAT well known tract of land lying about 3 miles east of the town of Woodsfield, known us the Daniel Wilson farm and recently owned by Frederick Hukill. is offered for sate. The tract contains over 200 acres, about tOO of which ate cleared. It has also two bearing orchards, and comfortable buildings. It is a very desirable prop erty, and will be sold on reasonable terms. For particulars inquire of Harmon Hukill, in Centre -township," or of Wm. G. Perry. Woods. field. . JEFFERSON HUKILL. : Agency; OR the sale of DR. S. S. FITCH'S celebra ted Instruments and medicines, viz: Patent Silver Plated Abdominal Supporters, Patent steel-1 spring Shoulder Braces, silver Enhaling Tube, Pulmonary Balsam, Pectoral H.xpectorahFi and Medicinal Cod Liver Oil, Pulmonary Li ment, Heart Corrector, Humor Corrector, Depu rative Syrup, Anti-Dyspeptic Mixture, Cathartic Pills, Cholera and Cholic Specinc, Yermituge, &c. The above form Dr. Fitch's treatment of Pul- monary Consumption, Asthma, Heart Disease, &e-, which has been so eminently successful in relieving and curing those disetses. All Ihe above remedies are prepared by Dr. F. for his practice, and warranted good. His reputation, founded on success, will recommend them to the afflicted, who will find Dr. Fitch's "Guide to the Inval ids" a valuable book. It is given away at the stare of the agents.; Those suffering from falling of the bowels or womb will find Dr. F.'s support er light and pleasant, and fitting perfectly, and at the same time most efficient. The shoulder brace, also, is light and efficient. The articles alone, or taken together, are unsurpassed by any article ever made. All to be had of the agent William Steel, Stafford,. Ohio TJan. 12,1853.' v .': ' ' -' " TTACHMENT At my instance an attach mem was ims day issued Dy 1 nomas jMeal, a justice of the peace lor Perry township, Monroe county, Ohio, for the sum of $21 00, and against the goods, chattels, rights, credits, moneys, and effects, of Thomas Dillen, a non-resident debtor. Dated this 18th day of November, 1853. nov2Q ' A. B. COVERT. :; Tar.and Fish Oil, Fer ttla at KIRKBRIDE'S. STLEN did PIlTTSDtJRGrt. PA. ESTABLISHED JIT 1 8 4 0 TNCORPORATED bv the Leirislaliu-fl nf Ponn sylvauia, wiib a perpetual charter. board or trustees: Hon. James Buchanan, lite Secretary of State; arvai .. . non. tviinam wiikuis, lale Secretary of VVar; ti on. m oses Hampton ; Hon. Walter H. Lowntf; : Hon. Chares Naylor; Gen. J. K. Moorehead. FACOLTV.- '. P. DUFF, Principal, author of the "North A- tnerican Accountant." Professor of the Theory and Practice of Double-Entry Book-Keeniug. and Lecturer on Commercial Sciences. J. D. WILLIAMS, Prefessor of Mercantile and Ornamental Penmanship IN. B. HATCH, Esq.. of the Pittsburgh Bar. rroiessor of Mercantile Law. P HAYDEN, A. M., Professor of Mathemat ics, &c. l nis institution occupies hve spacious apart ments, and is considered the most extensive and perfectly organized Commercial College, in the United States.- What is said of it by the most em inent mercantile authorities in the country, and of trie jfnncipai as a fiactical Accountant, as an ex perienced Teacher, and as an Author, as also ol hio colleague, Mr. Williams as a Penman, will be found in the pamphlet circular of 24 pages. uull s linnK-Keeping, pp. 192, Uoval octavo. Harpers. Price $1,50. Postage 21 cents. "The most nerlect combinalinn of instriiriim, "n(l nro. tice nublished." " Duff's Western Steamei' ArrnnnianiPrio Western Steamei's Accountant Price $1, postage 9 cents. "A perfectsystem lor keep ing such Books and Accounts." Merchants and steamers can always be supplied wnn cnorougmy trained accountants. $5-Send for a Circular by mail , opG Wilde & Brother BOOKSELLERS and STATIONERS, WHEELING, ,VA r HOLES ALE and Retail Dealers in Miscella 11 neons Medical, Theological, Classical. His toncal and School Books, Blank Books, Stationa ry, Wall Paper and Window Bliuds An extensive ami varied assortment of the above will at all times be kept on hand and constant ad ditions be made Inert-to. Wholesale dealers, school committees, teachers and all others supplied at the lowest rates at the llockstore, corner of Mam and Union sts. CQ-The highest price paid in caih or trade for good Uags ; aU JLi1 BIinds' WILDE &. BROTHEK, Have just received a large stock ol the fine satined ROOM AND ENTRY PAPER. Common Paper, Bordering and Window blinds, Unsurpassed in quality and variety by any in the itv- Purchasers have only to call and examine the stock to be convinced that they can be supplied with Paper at prices lower than elsewhere, at the Hook and Paper Store, corner ol Main and Union streets, Wheeling, V a. ...... 8p20 The Great Western Tobacco Emporium! ! Logan, Carr &. Co.. DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF TOBACCO, SxNUFF & SEGARS, 81 MAIN STREET, WHEELING. VA ARE now ready to supply dealers in the city or country, with Virginia Chewing Tobacco, im ported and domestic Segars, Snuff ol all kinds, Snull boxes, ect. They will offer, on the best terms, at 'their wholesale store fo. tl Main street, between Q;uncy and Monroe streets 500 boxes &s and 8s lump chewing tobacco; uuu do Jlo . th do 250 do pound, some very superior; 50 do IJiadem and dew drop twist. 30 gross yellow bank and amulet fine cut. 20 bbls smoking tobacco, 200,000 superior scgars, 300,000 domestic" do - 150 boxes chalk pipes and pipe heads, - 50 gross snuft boxes, 20 do segar cases, etc. etc. Healers aie invited to call and examine our -tock. - We are determined to oiler inducements equal to any in the eastern market. ap20 J. C. HARBOUR, WHOLESALE & RETAIL DEALER IN Carpet, Looking Glass, and UPHOLSTERY WARS, No. 143, Main street, Wheeling, Va. TT EEPS constantly on hand a very large and ex- 1. tensive assortment of TAPES TRY. VENE TIAN and INGRAIN CARPETINGS. Rues, Mats, Oil Cloths, I able and Piano Covers &c.Stc ALSO Gilt and Mahogany framed Looking masses, Fortran ana Picture r rames of every des cription on hand and made to order. Venetian and Slat Window Blinds, Transparent Window Shades and Paper together with Unholsterv Ware, such as BKU5, MATI HA8SES, PIL LOWS, QUILTS, COUNTERPANES. CUSH IONS, &.c. Also Curtain Goods in great variety, Klinds, 1 rimmmgs. Cores, Tassels, and a constant supply of Smith & Stratum's celebrated Furniture and Coach Varnish for sale at factory price. All ot which will be sold at the very lowest pri ces, anr warranted to give satisfaction. - - ap20 Fall -.Dry; CSoods ! ! GEORGE P. SMITH & CO., 54 WOOD ST, FITTSBU GH, 4T&FrR for sale a Large and Complete As sortment of American and Foreign DRV GOODS. A considerable portion of the Staple t, oous were purcnaseo before the advance in prices, and will be offered to cash or approved credit buyers as low -as they can buy 1.1 any city, i.asi or west. rKim 1 a ah tne leading styles, comprising a Fall assortment; Dark Fancies, Blues, Oranges, Mournings, boli i Colours, &c; English and Ger man 4-4 Chintzes, Sec. GINGHAMS Lancaster. Manchester. Horn. tic, &c, Earlston in high colors, and Fancy Checks. - - STUFF GOODS Alpacas, Merinos, Cobnres. Paramattas. Mohair Lustres. Kancv and Plain tyles, De-Laines, Cashmeres, and all newest tvles of WINTER DRESS GOODS. WOOLENS A large nock of Black and Fan- cy colored Cloths, Doeskins, Black and Fancy uassimeres, 01 most approved styles. Coatings, in great variety. Domestic and Im ported. - . - SA 1 IIMvIS In Blacks, colors and mixture and printed. Also, ot Western manufacture, our usual lull supply. Tweeds, Jeans, Cashineretts, and all sorts low priced Winter fabrics VESTINGS A full assortment in Silks. Woo and German fancy styles. Serges, Silecias, Cambrics, Irish Li:. ens, Hol lands, Jeans, Damasks, Slc. L1NSEVS Plaid, Red, Blue and Chameleon styles BROWN GOODS Bleached Sheetings and Shirtings, flannels of all kinds and colors; Dia- I pers, Shirting Stripes, Oznaburg, Drillings, &c, &c. Blankets Domestic and foreign. A complete stock of ell sorts of VARIETY GOODS. Plain and Checked Muslin -and White Goods, Laces. . Embroideries, Silks, Ribbons, Winter Shawls, &.., and everything wanting in the Dry Goods line, the Btock of which will be kept full by constant additions throughout the season. Qcj-Thy solicit an examination of their stock by any disposed to purchase. ' Pittsburgh, Sep. 14, 1853 DISSOLUTION The partnership hereto, fore existing between TROLL & WOL LEN WEBER is. this day dissolved. The books and notes are in my hands for collection. - Those knowing themselves indebted will call and make payment immediately, . F. TROLL. UCL..1U, lODJf. - -' A LARGE LOT OF PLOUGH POINTS received from - PIT1SBURGH and ZANESVILLE, apll and for sale at KIRKBRIDE'S. 6 Dozen Christian Hymn : Books. Latest Edition, for sale at '. w j KIRKBRIDE'S. ; The Only Lady's Book in America. Godey's Lady's Book for 1854, ., , 21T11 YEAit. ;. One hundred nazes of readioe each month, by the best American authors. . . , , A new and thrilline story, certainly the roost intensely interesting one ever written, entitled THE TRIALS OF.A NEEDLE-WOMAN, By T. S. Arthur, will be commenced in the. Jan uary No. J ' I UK ONLY COLORED FASHIONS. , Upon which any reliance can be placed, received direct from PARIS, and adapted to the tate of American Ladies by our own "Fashion Editor,, with full directions . . DRESS MAKING. Our monthly description of Dress Making, with plans to cut by. None but the latest fashions are given. .. The directions are so pla'in, that every lady can be her own dress ma- Ker. ........ EMBROIDERY An infinite variety in every No. . . .... ' DRESS PATTERNS Infants and childrens dresses, with descriptions how to make them. All kinds of CROCHET and NETTING work. New patterns for CLOAKS. MANTELETS, TALMAS, COLLARS, CHEMISETTES and UNDERSLEEVES with full direcfionn. Ev ery new pattern of any portion of a, lady's dress. appears nist in the Lady a Book, as we receiv consignments from PARIS every two weeks. . 'fHE IVURSERY. Thts subject is treated upon frequently. GODEY'S INVALUABLE RECEIPTS UP ON EVERY SUBJECT, indispensable to every family, wotth more than the whole cost of the Book. MUSIC Three dollars worth is given every year. DRAWING.' This art can be taught to nny child by a series of drawings in every . No. for loa4. " -.".; .t ... , ... ,. , MODEL COTTAGES. Cottage plans and cottage furniture will he continued as usual. SPLENDID STEKL LINE AND MEZZ TINT ENGRAVINGS in every No. They art always 10 oe iuuiiu 111 uuur,i . , . I I .1 - 1 T -- GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK contains precisely that for which you would have to take at least JI,ree "!er magazines to get the same amount of formation. TERMS: 1 copy, one year, $3.00; 2 eopics one year, Sfa.UU; o copies, one year, and an extra copy to the person sending the Club, $10,00; a copies, one year, and an extra copy to the person sending the Ulub, $15,00; 1 1 copies, one year ind an extra copy to the person sending the Club SiJU.oo. Goiley s Lady's Book, and Arthur's Home Mag azine the two publications will be sent one year on reoe:pt ot Ijjy.oO. ' " - - L. A. GODEY, 112 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. ronnenTnrra t Ohio cultivatok: Volume 10, for 1851. - The Tenth Volume ot this popular Journal wi commence on the 1st of January. 1854. . We mk our annual appeal to the Farmer, the Mechanic and the Domestic Circle, to lend us a geuerou assistance in supporting the industrial Classes with a cheap and reliable paper, DEVOTED TO AGRICULTURE, DOMESTIC AND RURAL AFFAIRS, Containing at all times valuable hints for the Farm, the Shop, and the Fireside, and seeking the ele vation of Labor 111 all its legitimate Interests opposing quackety and humbug in all their forms and rilling the noble station of a true HOME PAPER OFT.-E WEST. The Editors have long been, famdiar with the peculiar condition of Western Agriculture, and by extensive travel and observation keep them. selves ihf tmed of the wants and progress of the country at large Tub Ohio Cultivator is published on th 1st and 15th of every month 16 -large nctavo pages;, with title page and index at the end ol the year, making a volume 01 jsu pages suitable tor binding;. It; km 9 Single subscriptions SI a year, tour copies' fur S3. . Nine copies for $6; and game price (66 cents each) lor any larger number, All subscriptions to be paid in advance, ana t commence witb the year Persons sending Clubs mav have them directed to dinerent offices if thev choose; and those having sent a smaller number,! mav afterwards inciease to nine, or more, at the Club rates. 1 o any person sending us a uiud 01 Nine subscribers and if 6, we will send, post paid, a complete Volume for any previous year, in paper cover. Address, BATEHAM & HARRIS, . : . : - Columbus, Ohio. Til l: GLOBE THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF CONGRESS AND NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE It will be seen by the annexed extract from a letter of General Washington to David Stewart, dated New York, 17th March, 1790, that the idea of such a paper as I propose to make the Globe originated in the mind of the Father of his Coun try, lie said : "It is to he lamented that the editors of the dif ferent Gazettes iii the Union do not more general ly and more correctly (instead oi stuffing their papers with scurrility and nonsensical declama tion, which lew would read it they were apprised of the contents) uublish the debates in Congress on all great national questions. The principles upon which the difference of opinion arises, as well as the decisions, would then come fully be fore the public, and afford the best data for its judgment." purkss Writings of Washington, col. 10, p. 81 . ; The Daily Globe ''": '" ' ' AND The Congressional Globe." . In surrendering my interest in the . organ of a great political party, I -cherished the purpose oi continuing the Congressional Globe, and, if pos sible, in time, to perfect itnnto a full history of the action of Congress, giving the debates accu rately and fully with the proceedings all stamp ed vi ith the verity of an olhcial record, t rom the passage in the letter of General .Washington, which I have quoted, it will be perceived that he thought this oflicemight.be combined with that of a tegular newspaper; and it is certain that the avidity ot (he public for news of the less impor tant kind greatly contributes to give wings to (he weightier matter which may be called Congres sional news. . - Havins succeeded in my purpose of perfecting l"e reports ot the debates in congress ana giving I them the official stamp, 1 now propose to aend U'em abroad, in connection with the news ol lhe day, in such haste as shall outstrip lull and accu rate intelligence sent frotn the seatot Government in auy other form whatever. It will even antici e scraps 01 news torwaraea to cities ivitnin two hundred and fifty, miles of Washington by telegraph. Before the events thus 'ransmitted are published in '.he morning papers, (for instance," of the city ot !ew Ttork,)ine uiooe containing tnem will have reached the post office of that c.'ty by the Express Mail of the pievious night. The pro cess by which this .will be effected I now lay be fore the public. " . - ,. - ' 1 will have a corps of sixteen Reporters in Con gress; each in succession will take, notes during five minutes, then ietire, prepare them for the Press,, put them slip by slip in the hands of com positors, and thus, while a debate is going on J11 Congress, it will be put in type, and in a few min utes after it is ended it will be in print. I shall by this means be enabled) send ly.the Express Mail ot S o'clock p. m lor ine cast, vy est, and North., and by that of 9 o'clock p. m. for the South, all the proceedings of. Congress up to the ordinary hour of. adjournment. - Thus the accu rate debates of Congress will reach the cities two hundred and fifty miles from the Capitol before their daiiy morning papers are in circulation.. ' " .The miscellaneous news I shall be careful to gather from' remote sections of the country -by telegraph. I will obtain from the Executive De partments, through official sources, the ma'ters of moment transacted in them, and, through agents employed for the purpose, all the city news of consequence in sufficient time to be put into the Globe and mailed in the Express Mail trains. In this way I hope to create a new era in the dis semination of news from Washington. - Hitherto no newspaper hattempted to give authentic ac counts ot things done at Washington before the public-mind at a distance bad received its. first impressions from irresponsible telegraphic, dis patches, or by. letter-writers biased by peculiar, views.Ji, - ". t ;.. . . ., , Washington has now become so great center of political interest during all the year the pro ceediivgs of the Executive Departments and the information collected by them even during there cess of Congress is of so much importance to the interests of every section of the countrythat I shall continue the publication of the daily paper permanently, with a viaw to become th vehicle of the earliest and mosf correct fnfef igence.. . 11 pn oi my piaa to reduce tne price or the -daMy paper to hall fhtt f 9imfaK dailjr papett; and thus I hope to extend its circulation -so as to invite advertisements'- I wilt publish advertise- - ments 01 tne uovernment. To subscribers in thrf lie I hope" W BUbmit such terms nrf.' them to advertise their business in every villag urougnoui trio vmhju, vrncrw me lilobe is sent -' aily under the franks of members of Conn-nut all of whom take it,' and tome of theia a large number of copies. - " tax-ia-t..,, . The installation of a new Administration and -- new Congress portends much chaoge In theeour' ' of public affairs as the result of the next session; -t v Many vast interests which were brought up in th-! last Congress were laid over by the Democratic' majority 10 await the action of a Democratic JSx-i ecutive. Tne new modeling of the tariff; tMirtr'" land system; the question of giving- homesteads,1 , ana mining every man a freeholder wbdfnay choose to become one; the approximation of the: ; Atlantic aud Pacific oceans by a national railroad! across the territory of the Union; reform in the1 Army, -Navy, and civil officesJ-,all these great1 questioriswith a thousand minor ones, deeply af-1 lecting muiiiiuues 01 men anu every Mate in the--Union, will, now being matured by public opia-; ion, come up for the-" Government's- decision These new isaes, cooperating - with old ODeV coming up to be disposed of by t.ew actors on the' ' scenes at Washington, will be apt to modify great-1 ly, 11 not alter essentially, tne party organizations' oi the country."' i f . -- , i,'-. . -To these eleinents-nf interest another is likelv to be introduced by the interposition ol the agita lions of Eur.ipe.-- After nearly forty years of peace in L-urope there is an evident restlessness thati now seems fraught with tendenciea threatening" - ..' :i : i-i m .. .... . "u " n lumen, iii mi iiKeiiuooa tnere will follow such universal change that the UnUet -States can. scarcely hope (o escape its- vortex. " lo de ed, from late events it is apparent that our Gov ernment is already drawn into European-difficulties. These Circumstances bre calculated to draw the public mind . towards the nest. Congress, witb much expectation. -'- i--- ' The Daily Globe wdr be printed, ob fine pa per double royal size, with small type, (brevier biiu nonpareil,; at nve uouara year. 1 . .-- . . r The Congressional. Globe will also lie print ed on a double royal sheet, ta' bok form,.. royt: 4uoi luour, tain iiumuer coiiiMiung sixteen pages The Con Gbkssion a t. Gi obc proper will be madec up of the proceedings of Congress awd" the run- nmg debates as given' by , the Repoiters. Thei speeches which members may choose to write out themselves will, together with the messages 01 the fresuienl 01 tne United SUtes, the reports of the Executive Depaitments, and the laws passed by Congress,' be added in an Appendix. - Formejty I received stihstrnptiuns forthe ConeressiunatGlohe mid Appendix separately." But this has not been' . tound satisfactory, inasmuch as it'-gave aq incom' plele view of the traiisnctions in Congressman d. therefore I have concluded nol tqVell hem apartV considering that neighbors can have the advantage 01 uniii 11 y ciuuoing 111 case linnvhluats snail Qiul H too onerous to be at the charge of both.' 10 facilitate the circulation of the ConrrewoU' al Globe and cheapen h lo subscribers Coiigre paused last year a joint resolution "making it (reel of postage. I annex it, as the law may not be ac cessible to postmasters generally - , joint Kesuiutinn providing for the" distribution ol the Laws of Congress and th debates-thereon. : With a view to the cheap circulation f the Jaws oi Congress and lhe debates contributing, to th true interpretation thereof, and to make free the. communication between the representative and. constituent bodies: ' - , ; ,j Be it resolved by Ihe Senate and House of Rep resentatives of the. United States of America, in Cougrts.asstmllcdtHM from and after the pies- ent session of Congress, the Congressional Glotie and Appendix, which contains. lle laws and tke, " debates thereon, shall pats free through the mail, so long as the same shall be publihed by order of ' Congress: Provided, That, nothing herein shall" be construed to authorize the circulation of, the' ' Daily Globe tree of postage. .. . , -- Approved, August 6, 1853- ',''";' . i As I sell the D ah. y Globs at ; half the price of similar publications,', so the Congrf.ssiomai. "' Gl'iBe and Appendix is sold ior half the cost of " so much composition, piess-work, -and papr. This I can afford to do, inasmuch as the subscrip tion of Congress almost covers the cost of comp sition, and this enables me to sell for little more than the cost of pre ji-work and paper. ' It re-' ' quires the sale of about 9,000 copies to reimburse expenses. If 500 only were sold, the cost of each? copy would be about $1U4 ! The debates In' the English Parliament cost about eleven times av much as I charge subscribers for the debates in Congress, equal in quantity; and as well reported and printed. ' ' .' " ; " . - 1 he next session of Congress will be a longohe; and it is believed the Congressional Globe -for it will reach 4,000 royal quarto pages, as the last, or.g session made 3,842; and the long oue .before ; that made 3,901 royal quaito 'pages four' large . volumes each session. "' If subscribers will be care ful to file all the numbers received by them. J w ill supply any that may miscarry in the mails: This wont increases in value as it grows old The fir seventeen volumes will now command three times, and some of the subsequent ones twice, their wig1 inal subscription price --'.' -- - - -' . . The subscription price .for the Congressional Globe (including the Appendix and the laws)' Is . six dollars. ;" ' '... Kr:- ' Complete indexes will be made out and Tor- : : warded ,10 subscribers soon alter .the. session is ended.. : : . - ' ; -. - Subscribers for the Daily should have their money here by the 5th-and forthe Congressional Globe by the 15 h of December-' The money must accompany an order tor either the Daity-or the Congressional Globe: Bank notes current where a subscriber resides wMI be received at par, x JOHN C. RIVE8-- . WASHiifGTow, October 12, 1853. - . . UK A 11 A Hl'B f. , AMERICAN MOJYTHLY MAGAZINE. Ihe next number closes Che second volume of Graham's Magazine for 1853,; and. we . cannot rer frain from thanking most heartily . both the Press aud our subscribers for the encouragement afford ed us to persevere in elevating, the. literary ,anij pictorial Character ol the work. The- volume, when closed, will embrace every variety of Mag azine illustration, and have furnished to our rea ders papers of ability upon aft the topics of inter est which absorb the times, and also -a' series' at articles ot a purely literary character of a: higher order than have herefore been found ia the month' ly Magazines . It shall be our aim to improve Graham still further in these respects, and by care ful attention and enterprise to. command the- pub. lie approbation and support. ' - The JVew Volume commencing witb the Jan uary number will claim especial attention tor the beauty of its pictorial appointments. Ample ar rangements have been entered into with compe tent artists to secure a proper variety of the very best of all kinds of engraving steel, mezzotint, and wood to meet" the expectations of our read ers; and the literary department shall still be far ther amplified and improved. . V ' 4. Single subscribers and clubs, ..whose subscrip tions expire with the next number, will please .re new promptly, thai we may be enabled to. furnish them with January numbers by the regular. 'mails which will take our edition to countiy subscribers. Post Masters all over the Union, are respectful ly resquested to act a Agent for the New Volume. TERMS The terms of Gr ab am' "are Three Dollars for single subscribers, if paid iii advance. For Six Dollars in advance, one copy is sent three) years We continue the following low terms' -for Clubs, to be sent, jn lhe city , to one address, and, in the country, to one post-offi,ce.. ; -H Copies. -- H. i ; ,vq -"y, C -Per Annunm 2 ir-'. '"'-- -fv-r. -9 5 5 (And one toagent. or the getter up of cub10 8 (And one to agent.or the getter up of club,) 15, 11 (And one toagent.or the getter up of club.) 20 The money for Clubs always must be sent in advance. Subscriptions may be sent at our risk. When the sum is large, a draft should be procured ' if possible the cost of which mav be deducted from the amount. Address, always post-paid,. ' GEO. R GRAHAM. Editor. : "i No. 50, South Third Street, PhiladelpMa. CCJ-N- B Any person desiious of receieinr a. copy of "Graham," as a sample, can be accommo dated by notifying the Editor by letter (post-paid.) . ,: A dministrator's Sale-7 ; ON Friday; tbe 23rd day of December, nexf, " ;. -between the hours of 10 o'clock A. M- and, ' '- ' 4 o'clock P. M., on the piemises hereinafter -de- '. .-" scribed, in Monroe county, Ohio, the undersigned : .' , . as the administrator of Moses Wioland, deceased, . x. v." will sell at public auction, the following described, . tracts of land situate in said county vto wiu vTha. - .' north east quarter of the south weat quarter' ot J - V. section 29, in township 4. of range 4, containing .V St 39 and 76 hundtedths acres Also !, acres ' land off the north east corner of the north west, quarter of the south west quarter of tfaat4SecV tiou Subject to the dower estate 1 .France ... . 1 - 1 m . J - 1. .k . w iniana, . wiuow. , 1 eniu iniav unw wm um- . . - . v. day of sale. . - CITIZEN BE ALL.',. ': ?.'t,V- , l : i Adm'r of Moses WlnUnd. Asf 4 ! November 2, 1864 , , v n 4m ": ' --J- t i M .:--.'., ' , '- -,.