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"1 1: 9. 1 jgwui!. -t3 Wr-iXSI . . , . hJAO. MORRIS, Editor ind Proprietor. published every Wednesday morning. 1 t ; ; TERMS-$1,50 per AnnDBB, m Aduv WOODSFIELD, MONROE COUNTY, OHIO, DECEMBER 28, 1853. - I i m r ... I i -, l m i - - . 9 -'.-RAILROAD LYRICS. 1 n. - -jAiBf Coming through, ih$ Rye.V . v.iv.u : n ensine meet an eneine ' rt's VCoinhinir rortnd 4 curve."'" -Vf they smash track, train and tender, , . I a;n- ? iWhatdo they deserve? .'..'; ' Not a penny paid to any, , So far as yve. observe',, , .,' . . vj - v-3' Bat all'acquit 'he'ehgrneelh,' ' w When' "coming found a curve."" - ifrVi1 u;cugiue, mcei steamer; ; vlrtr?'Pomin8 through the draw.'? ii iiir v. crusij nr iirnw iiih iiuuiic 'Il ihe engineer ' Waa careless " ! : ! -.t'i. v P'raps he's rather raw -! ' ; They don't disphargia an honest fellow. M-f a atVamer'chasd a steamer,' ' ( , ? Runmng up to tithe," ' : J !" . -t;f- : ir they jbiust their pipes and boiler, p-s ifiVhere'aihe mighty crime?, , SQuld a jury in . Jury, . f . ; Maki them pay one dime, . I. f . '4i;.'.j Running tip to lime?" ' ", ' ' .tH they. maim or kill a body, v.-..j ' ; Qr a', body's wife,;.. v:,, , . .. If eed a body sue a body, : ; . A'' "you sue for damages, ' fvrs-.yOr for.what you kst,; .-; " ' ,:. You eet a brokea neck or lee.? : ' r; Arid nave to meet the cost, ,. ;To"t)iXtfi l-s5isi From the Boston True Flag i ?n on daunt, of elhbury. rV:t:o e.4SA,'TAI.B OF. CHIME. BT GEO. L. 'AKIN. ;',lh mischief! thou art swift to enter .t In4he thoughts of desperate men who PMftnTTVfrU was" towards the conclusion of the f frergfli bf iCharles ther Second, that a man Wmight -have -beea '.seen, one dark; night, - .making his way, through one;.ot the ,ar t row lanes leading from Cheapaide. ;...;;. ' ; 7.oHo "was muffled in' a large cloali, and "-"that and his hat, which was pulled closely . i over bis -brows? bom pletely - shielded ' him . from? observationa l He walked 'wirii hasty ;pteps,' and looked about him with a cau ' jiouspyje as if .conscious of the danger t. s'is'' nature of the neighborhood he was " 'threading. ' ; - NJ ". ' His caution 'was r nat- thrown away. Tbxee men suddenly issued from an al fcIey and Uirew themselves upon him The ,t itxangef "was noi'taken:-by" surprise'' with . 'th1s sudden -attack. Tie' drew his sword, ""and placing his back against the nearest Wall, stood upon the defensive, at the same , lima shouting loudly ..for .help..-; ux ! 4 ; TJifl assassins were eager for their prey; end" pressed' upon hirn, with great fury. " ,: .Thef eombal would 'Kavr terminated, fatal--Jly to the straBgeri-in-; lew momentsVhad 4 ia not received assistance, jnihe shape of t.jl young,(iCavalier,i'..whom his cries ed to ,ue spov . v, tv t ... T. -i-,, ? ....-, The 'ruffians did "riot'.'wait to encounter iitstt butiiurried Into tlie nQmerou's allies ind disappeared at oneeJ- - : ' iv.- ''The nimble, rasoals!',' exclaimed the .- .new-comer; to run into their holes before . .1 ould: p;e antitrust at them. 'A . little , T'ildbd-fetUng would have done them good. . .-, 'Are yoti hurt sir?" he added, turning to " V Jheiatrmoger be had befriended.-i; 1 - 5 L: vf ''-A. scratch t- nothing .more. Young man. vou have saved .my life,, to-night. 'What accident' brought .you to this spot? "Faith! ;hV accident at all merely a ' f.pair o sparkling eyes." - - ' .. "An :tntrigttet't-cr j:35'.' ai . '', ' t;.' ; :., JNot!sp;,iyou shaH hear how it chanced. . T. was riding' down Cbeapside, to-dsy, ,0when, lifting my eyes to a small casemen:. -' - I beheld the loveliest face it was ever my v-good fortune to see. It was but a passing jrglQet -for my .horse carried me swiftly i by. . 1 reined him .in and 'retraced my steps, but the bright vision had disappear :ed, and I looked in vain for the particular e basement where she'' had appeared, but I - oo'uld.hot distinguish it among the. num . ber around.- :-; -.-.'-. --.;? . ' ,. fj '.r- . "Jk seoond look would have disenchant- e3 you.'l " . . . . - . .' - - do 'not think so. Rfy . life has been - roving one, and I have mingled with the faigh and low 'therich and poor. I have aeani croud, dames and fair ; maidens I t.'have found favor; in ther eyes of each.; I -ba.v' received emile8 from some,; others -ihavei yielded the dewy perfumes o( their i yas; yet oever.oid k see the race tnat couia V .comoare with the fleeting jiBion. to-day!'! iWi'SuecessJtttendjthy.iwooing Ere you ge tell ; jme your name; you ? have .done rime- good.eervioe, and it may .be in my pwer to serve you in return, 'V. 3 -5 .r-, v Ei am called. Richard . Wright.'! mv t . Richard .Wriehtt'V, exclaimed the ,i traneer, in a tone of deep surprise.; $wv?-Aye5 ;did you ever hear the name be- jii2l'btWBji I. knew of one who bore that .rfiame--ra youth, rash, obstinate and head eatrong. r He repaid his benefactor's kind . neaa. with the blackest ingratitude, until he f was at length torcea to anve mm irom oe . neath .'hit roof. So I have heard the sto- j ct?M y versionis different replied Rich- n ard yVfight; gazing witn a scrutinizing eye -.upon the stranget. i-'l knew one who held 1 those beneath him to be fit objects for . his fttyranny to,'prey; upon. ? .tie was unoenu i-ina. 8elfish .andvrevehgeful.-vrHe treatet - bis lady wife with .brutality and. neglect s Scorn on himfor it, for when he married . tfet 'he had not " a farthing" that he could ; 'all "WW own." She was the mistress' of ( broad lands leifi to'her toy her late lord, 'for . ;iBhe 'was a widow,'" with one little girl", left aa the pledge'.'of her' first affeciioh; and so tf he 'married heir to gain her gold. i J But his " ouoidity was'deoelved: ' The5 widow only tili the lands 'and revenues' in trust Tor j ! 'Am icfint heirefis,v and therefore he could not touch - them unless the child : should die,- and then the . estates would , revert again to the mother. . Lord Mordaunt was not a man to suffer his schemes fo be thwarted by a puny girl. One day; the child disappeared all search was use less she was never found. ; "Years passed on, and Mordaunt grew more and more brutal to his wife. She had refused to give him a reversion of the estates, and he hated her bitterly. One day, in anger, he struck her! The un manly act was witnessed by her page a boy whom she had reared from infan cythe. lastjbranch of a family distantly related to her. .Think you he-could stand idly by : and see his benefactress thus in sulted? No! he seized the base lord by the throat and dashed him to the earth. That boy was Richard Wright." - "It was it was," muttered the stranger, between his, teeth. . . ' "From that moment," continued Rich ard, "it became impossible for him to re main longer at Elmbury. ..The lady. en treated him to leave her for her own sake, for, notwithstanding her husband's cruelty, that aneel woman still hoped to win his love, lie departed, for he despised Lord Mordaunt too much to -yield to him. ' He became a soldier.. For twelve years he served his country in the Lowlands, and has returned at twenty-five, a Captain." . "Have you been to Elmbury since' you returned?":--; - .. ; T J'l have not; though I wished to see Lady Elmbury much.". ' "Then do not go there; you will not be welcome. The lady is dead, and Mor daunt is now lord of Elmbury. Fare well.". , ' . . . "Stay,-Lord Mordaunt you sae I know you. otay; 1 ' have other matters to dis cuss with you."' ; ' : v' ' ; Another, time you .will not find me backward. , VVe shall meet again. "Let it be in the broad daylight, then, so that we can 100K eacn otner in tne eye like honest men. ' I hate all gloom and mystery." ' : - ' w Mordaunt did not reply. - .Wrapping his cloak about him he strode hastily away. ' Leaving Richard to cogitate upon his singular encounter with the Lord of Elm bury, and to pursue his search in quest of his unknown beauty, let us follow the footsteps of Mordaunt. ,u : ": chapter ' n.'V ;-; THE LONE HOUSE IN CHEAPSIDE. ' Mordaunt continued his rapid pace un til he turned into Cheapside; then, slop ping before a dingy, dilapidated old house, he knocked twice at the door. , Arter wait ing a few moments it was opened to him and he .entered. He lollowed the person' who admitted him into a low-studded, dismal-looking apartment. ..... ..v.: ; The furniture of this room was very scanty, consisting of a rough pine table, three ricketty chairs, and a low bedstead in the corner. Mordaunt threw himself heavily into one of the chairs and remov ed the hat from his brows. His compan ion, a viliano-us-looking old man, placing the lamp which he held in his hand, upon the table, also seated himself. By its beams, you can now distinguish the fea- turesof iMordaunt " . J ' His age could not have been much over forty years, to judge by bis black hair, uri tinged by a. particle, .of. gray which he wore in 'flowing ringlets upon. his should ers, according to. the fashion of the period. His face was.eminently handsome, though his eyes were, .deeply set in his head and bore a malignant expression; yet it was plain; from a casual glance, that Mordaunt when it pleased his. will, could play the high-bred gentleman with courtly ease "You are. fate,, to-night, .Mordaunt," said his companion, in a. croaking, dis agreeable tone of . voice. , M Yes, Jacob: I was waylaid bv thieves as I passed through the lane, and should have lost my life but for the timely assist ance of a young- gentleman who heard thy cries and came to the rescue." You should be- more cautious ' Who was your preserverdid you know him?" "Aye, Jacob, too well; and though he saved my life, I had rather the fiend him self had crossed my path than . Richard Wright!" '' ' "Richard Wright, your wife s page the boy whom we. thought dead! has he re turned?" . , . .o ... , ; '. I have spoken to him to-night."f , : ,! "Did he know you?!V , . ' "Did he? despite my disguise:" 'Can he have discovered that your wife lives?", .. ' .. .'-i.h-:,'-. ' ; : "Impossible! I told him she was dead, and he seemed to credit me "His coming is unlucky. He loved his lady much, and will institute inquiries con cerning he?. Remember, also, he has a claim upon the estate. Should your, wife die without signing the . reversion, - the property will pass to him, that is, unless "Silence! She is dead.: Where is Ag nes, my daugteerV'. j .r-' v 5 r-T . Mordaunt placed a strange -emphasis upon the , last two words, and a sinister smile' upon Jacob's face seemed to reply to it, though he answered m a common place tone:;5: r.'ptufC. .' & tt 1. 1 i 1 1 , . "Has she ever seen ' . v Mordaunt paused and pointed upward Once by accident; but I evaded her questions and satisfied her curiosity' .."Then she has no suspicions?" .; " ' , :,"None." .. " . .s ''It is well.. Now, then; give me the lantern; 1 must maKe one enort more 10 the paper,? ; - tis Jaooh i-gave Mord aunt a d ark Ian tern and a key,;, ..v "If she refuses?" he said. "Then a forgery must answer my pur pose." . - .. , "Anf she?" i5,, t; "Shall die!'; -whispreilMo-rdaunCin' a deep'etermine'd'tone?' " ''J-.-x-':'. ??J He-left the apartment, and commenced ascending ' a " rough', Jr'regul af flight of : oiaiia. 'IK .".irfSYxoi-y 1 1 In the garret of the bouse in which Mor daunt and Jaoob were discussing her fate, upon her pallet of straw, reclined their unhappy victim. A greasy lamp dimly illuminated her dismal abode. She was robed in a dress of dark tex ture. Her face was deathly pale; her eyes sunken and lustreless. Her hair, of alight brown color, floated in one dishevelled mass upon her neck and shoulders; yet notwithstanding the ravages that time and cruelty had made, traces of beauty that was once pre-eminent, were still percep tible. : ' The unhappy vvoman did not slumber; that precious boon to the afflicted seemed to be denied her. She rose from her rude couch and sank upon her knees. "Father of mercies!" she exclaimed, clasping her hands in an attitude of pray er. .'Why is the boon I have so long and ardently sought for refused me? In vain I supplicate. I have prayed for death as a sure relief for all my sufferings, and yet it comes not. ' Why am I thus set apart for misery? -Why does he who should have loved and cherished me, thus perse cute me?' Hp shall not attain his wishes. JJo, the gold for which he thus tortures me, . .1 I ' t " T , - ... never shall be ms. lie nas siainea nis hands already with the blood of my dar ing Adela, and he will not shrink from another crime. He will kill me and then shall be at rest!" ; She sprang to her feet as a distant sound fell upon her ears, and listened ntently. " " ' "' ' "footsteps upon the stairs, she mur mured, "it is Mordaunt he comes. leaven help and strengthen me in the hour of trial!" . A key grated in the lock the door opened, and Mordaunt entered. He ad vanced to a small table on which the lamp was placed, took from it a sheet of pRper, (near which was a pen and ink-stand,) and examined.it, turning with a scowl of disappointment, he exclaimed, fiercely "It is not signed, madam! "It never will be, Mord aunt." ' "Beware,- madam; you should ' have earned, by this time, that I am not to be trifled with. I assure you, solemnly, that you will never leave tins apartment alive so long as that paper remains unsigned.7 "Then kill me at once lor I will never sign any of my child's birthright." , "Your child. is dead." "How am I to be convinced of that?" "I tell you so, that is enough." . "It is not enough unless : you also tell me that you murdered her!". ' "Enough5 of this, , cried. Mordaunt. sternly. "1 am determined to possess the estate of Elmbury. ? Write but your name at the bottom of this paper, and I will re store .you once . again to society. . 1 ou shall exchange these, rude walls for a lux urious home beneath the roof of blmbury Castle." .. , : ;'..", . "Why should I revisit the scenes of my happy j'outhf asked the lady, bitterly. "To recall ' to mv mind that beneath the spreading branches of the lofty trees that deck the park, Mordaunt first spoke to me of love, and won my willing consent to bp his bride? Wt.e. e are all those protestations of thy undying love now? How was I to know that so fair a form contained so base a heart?,; Would you have-me return to Elmbury. to remember how ciuelly I was deceived? Alas! there is no need."- These sunken eyes and hollow cheeks, this wast- d form, this breaking heart ' attest, too well, haw potent is my memory. Shall I return to Ehribury to fancy that, in every whispering wind. I hear the voice of my infant' Adela, prattling her joys in inno cent glee, and then to spring with eager steps upon the lawn,' and find nothing there but the rustling leaves? ' Oh- God! the very thought is agony! No, dreary as this rude garret is, still it is a Paradise, compared to wnat . iMmoury would be to my forsaken, desolate heart! " Exhausted by her emotions, the lady fell weeping upon her pallet. . ' "Adela." said Mordaunt, calling her by name for the first time for tne mother and child bore the same name "Adela, this is madness;" ' "Pity me, then, ere my brain turns for ever." , -. ; - - - : :-. . "Sign the paper, and all shall yet be well.". ... .. , . She did not' reply, and when, after a moment's pause, she lifted her head he CHAPTER III. " THE PA FEB IS SIGNED Twilight waa gently stealing over the earth, as a cavalier,-wrapped in a cloak, and - wearing his : hat Tar over his brows, sauntered slowly, down Cheapside. . He paused a moment in front of a dilapidated old building, which seemed uninhabited Such was not the case, for as the cavalier lingered, a lovely girl appeared at a side window, and greeted him with , a smile 0! recognition, , . lie instantly approached her,' thrust a 8m all note into her hand, and then walked on.' After going a hundred yards or so, he turned , and retraced his steps. . The girl retired from the 'window to read the note, but re-appeared as he returned, and in answer to his inquiring glance, nodded her head affirmatively. , ', ' "Yes!" exclaimed the cavalier joyous lv." "Fortune be praised, she consents." He kissed his hand to her, as if in thanks; the action removed .his hat and disclos ed his face v The cavalier was Richard Wriffht. : " " ' : '.' . :': ' ' A week had passed since his encounter with Mordaunt. ' The day following that night, he had returned to Uheapside in search of the face which had bewitohed him."". He had been' successful; ' He' saw her .again, 'and succeeded in winning smile from her." .For the last six days they had carried on an acquaintanceship of looks and smiles. At last he had yentur ed to write a note,; requesting hef to meet him when the moon " rose, in the small garden attached to her dwelling, and as we have seen, she consented. "'Two hours latere when the orb of night was slowly ascending; the Heavens, Rich ard Wright clambered over the wall which separated the garden from Cheapside, and found a blushing girl, with, blue eyes and golden hair, waiting to receive him. He sprang forward, and .clasped her in his arms. ;. The maiden half resisted his embrace, as she murmured: "I have done very wrong to meet you here, yet I coulJ not resist the wish I had to speak to you. Your face seems to me like a vision of other days. I have been told to beware of such as you. and yet I know you will not harm me," she added confidingly, as she gazed into the dark eyes of Richard, that were bent so ten derly'upon her. ; s "Harm thee, sweet girl? The basest wreteh that ever trod the earth, would shrink appalled from innocence like thine!'' -" "I have cheated old Jacob," said the maiden, with a gleeful laugh. He thinks me snug asleep in my little cot. How he would scold if he knew I was out here in the moonlight, talking to a gay cavalier like you.'' "I trust he will be' none the wiser in re gard to our meeting. . Come," he contin ued, as he drew her to a seat beneath a tree; "tell me thy name, and who thou art?" . , "My name is Agnes. My history is soon told, for ever since I can remember I have lived in this old house with an ug ly old man called Jacob. I have never been allowed to go into the street nor to look over this garden wall, ' I have had no friends, no companions but my books, aiid old Jacob to scold me." "Have you no desire for liberty?" "I do not know. I have nevertasted it, so I do not know whether . I should like it or not. It is only when we are deprived of anything, that we feel the loss of it. Now, I never had any liberty to be depriv ed of. I should like to leave this dismal old house, though, and some night when I can muster up enough courage, 1 intend to ask my father to take me away with him." , . ' : ' y ' : "Have you a father living?" "Oh, yes; a tall, dark, , stern -looking man. Oh, and such an eye as he has, the very sight of it makes my blood run cold! ; Jacob says my mother wronged him, and he cannot bear the sight of me. because I remind him of her. So when he comes of a night now,: Jacob always sends me to my chamber before his. ar rival."; " Why does 'our father come at all, il he does not wish to see you?" "Oh! , he does hot; come to see me; he comes to See a lady whom Jacob keeps a prisoner in the attic." - - . "A. lady prisoner!" exclaimed Rich ard, as a mass of thoughts-in his head, engendered by the childish prattle of Ag nes, ogan to assume a shape and uireo lion. .; v - ... ; Yes," said Agnes; "there is something very strange' about it. One day as I was walking in the garden, I heard a taint scream, casting my eyes auouiiouiscov-, er whence it proceeded, I saw a woman's lace at the small aperture which served lor a window Jo the attic; She did not, how- m V 1 T ever, perceive me. line 1 was gazing she exclaimed, in a tone, oh, so mournful! 'My daughter give me back my daugh- tei!" .Tben she was dragged violently away from the window,, and 1 never saw her again. I questioned Jacob about this singular occurrence, and he told me that the lady was a maniac, a sister 'of father, whom he was endeavoring to restore fo reason. I pretended to believe him but I did not. ' I know not what to think of this mystery. , I have a strange fancy, strong ly rooted in my heart, that this poor cap tive is my mother!" . . - 'Tell me thy father s name, cried Richard, wild with excitement., : "Mordaunt.". "Ah! 'tis .; plain. Fool fool! where were my eyes, tnat 1 aid not see this be fore. He never had a daughter. . bhe has her eyes her hair. - Heaven grant I may arrive in time to save that suuering saint from further, injury. Tell me, Agnes, should you not like to see your mother? "Oh, so much!" ....... . ; "Then lead me to this attic, and thou shalt soon be clasped in her arms." - , "But Jacob my father" . "Fear nothing sweet girl; I am by thy side I and my good sword, A stifled scream broke the stillness. . "Where did that proceed from?" asked Richard. "From the attic." "All is dark I see no light. Where is the window?" - , a "It was closed up the day alter I saw the lady." : .. Another scream was now heard; more distinctly. - "Hasten," in Heaven's name! they are murdering her! . 1 , , . ; We will precede Richard and Agnes to the attic. Mordaunt, driven to despera tion by the repeated refusals of the Lady of Elmbury,' had at last determined on forcing her to sign the paper. For that purpose he summoned Jacob to his assist ance. 1 he old rutnan held the lady-arm ly in his arms, while Mordaunt held a pen in her hand and attempted to guide it pver the paper. Notwithstanding the violent screams and struggles of the lady," Mor daunt succeeded in procuring a scrawling signature. ' ." .. . ; "Mine mine.' at last!" he exclaimed triumphantly, as he waved the paper above his head. - ,At that moment Richard Wright burst into the garret. He snatched he paper from Mordaunt s hand, and tore it into shreds. V:,' - ' ' . . "Thus, villain, do I foil thee!" he cried ,i Richard W.right!" exclaimed Mordaunt and the lady, severally , ...:. .. ',. ; - ."Die, rash intruder!" shouted Jacob discharging a pistol- he: had ; drawn, un perceived, at Richard's head;-but Jacob's hand was unsteady, and the deadly; mis sile flew past Riohard, and lodged, in the breast of Mordaunt. ;. Ere the ? assassin could' escape, Richard's ': sword - passed - - . . ' . - - f through his heart, killing the old wretch upon the spot. . Agnes sprang affrighted, into the apart ment. " . "Are you hurt?" she exclaimed, gazing with blanched cheeks, upon Richard: "No," he answered. "Thank Heaven!". .7 Then perceiving the prostrate form of Mordaunt, she knelt over him crying "My father you have killed him?" . "Hush, dear girl, he is not thy father. Nay, do not gaze with such wonder on mo--you shall know all another time. Silence he is dying!" Mordaunt 'raised himself feebly upon his hands. "Adela,".he said, in a voice that grew weaker with every sylable; "behold your daughter; (the mother clasped her to her heart, as he spoke.) . I could not kill her my hands are free from blood pardonforgive- " V "' ' Three weeks after these tragical scenes, a happy group was assembled in the old hall of Elmbury. First was the lady her self, with the hue of health restored to her cheeks, smiling in calm content, then her Adela, (no longer Agnes,) and Richard,, as they sat side by side". : . -, Adela had promised her . hand to the young cavalier, and another week will see them united; and Richard, then, in right of his wife, becomes Lord of Elmbury. i Petitions for the Repeal of our ' " ' School Law. ' Ta the Editors of ihe Enquirer: . 1 . A copy of a petition to the General As sembly of this State, praying for the repeal of some of the most important provisions in our school law, and now' being circu lated in Ashtabula county, to-day fell un der our observation. Their petition is vulnerable at all points, unfortunate, as' well as inaccurate, in its allusion to facts, illogical in its deductions, and oldfogy in its spirit.' : The petition -says: Wo believe the School laws of last session to be unjust, cumbersome, and unnecessary to the fur therance of the Common Schools, or the benefit to be derived therefrom." This is a broad and sweeping assertion; such as no discreet, intelligent citizen would make in regard to a law so maturely considered for two sessions, as the School law was, until it had been fully and fairly tried. The petition seems to regard the-School law "unjust" cumbersome and unneces sary' because it is an innovation upon former usages. ' ; r' ?'''-'":. V . It treats' progress and improvement in constructing educational systems, as rank heterodoxy, and to insist that wo ought, through all time, to adherereligiously "to the educational system of our fathers, as if they were fully authorized by some highar power to irrevocably stereotype it. ' ' Again, the petition declares, with won derful gravity, "that the Common School is a domestic institution, and individuality the finest fruit on the tree of Liberty." We say the Common. School is' not on ly a domestic but; a State institution; that the State has a deep interest in the matter. If it be true that there is no security for a Republic but in the intelligence and virtue of its citizens; if it be true that. our system of education ought to be in harmony with our political institutions, and the spirit which pervades them; if it be true that the proper education of all our future citizens, is a political necessity 01 our national fu ture; if it be true that the power of self defense, of self-protection the power to strengthen and cultivate its own being, to improve its own nature, belongs as much to every government, as to every man; if it be true that knowledge is power, and that, in this country the peopTe are the real sovereigns, the real government; then it is certainly true that the Common School is a governmental, as well as a domestic in stitution; and the State is in duty bound to see that the means of education are brought within the reach of every child, however humble his lot, or limited his pecuniary ability. ; " ;i ' ' 7 " in reference to that provision ot tne School Law which "constitutes eaoh or ganized township in the State, one school district for all purposes connected with the general interests of education in the town ship, and confides its management and Control to a Township Board of Educa tion," and which we regard as one of the admirable features, it not the crowning glory of the new law, the petition says: "We are opposed to sub-districts in rural townships we believe that single distrtefs create a responsibility on the members thereof which will be nearly lost by aggre gation." We would ask the author of that petition, on what grounds, on what facts, educational or historical, he founds his be lief? ' We would ask. him why it has al ways happened that, under the old inde pendent district system, 4 there was such great inequality in the educational' privi leges of the children of the several districts in the same township? Why did it hap. pen that in some of them they uniformly had very good schools, and in others, as uniformly, very poor schools? Why did the directors in some of them, always say, "our school is backward; the people poor, the district small, therefore, as we do not need a teacher of much education or ex perience, give us a cheap teacher?" Why was there such great inequality in the num ber of children belonging to them inequal ity in the amount of money appropriated for their use, and inequality in respect to school houses, length of terms,' and the general character of the school!? The answer is, that it was the natural result, the practical worktng. the legitimate fruit of the independent district system. -It was these results that induced Hon.'. Hor ace Mann to declare, in his tenth annual report: j "I consider the law of 1789, au thorizing towns to divide - themselves into independent districts, the most unfortunate law on the subject of common schools ev er enacted in the State--.-.' -2 'a . It was these numerous inoonvenienciet: incident to the old district system, that compelled the present able Superintendent ..-''. atif-SLiv? vJi t:yii!li of Common Schools of Massachusetts, in his late report, to condemn it in unmeas ured terms. It was these inoonVeniencies that induced the Legislature oflndiana,in reconstructing their educational system, to discard the district system entirely! And this new feature in their'system, Hon. Hen ry Barnard has pronounced to be the -climax of improvement in modern education al systems an improvement which has, at -once, placed that enterprising State in the very vanguard of educational progress, vit is this feature which will enable every town ship to .have good school houses, and .a good system of graded schools; and upon this feature must the State of Ohio depend for equal educational privileges to all her youth, and for equal rank and character with her sister States, in the noble enter prise of education. , More on the subject of this petition anon.'.:;-f ' '. -f B. v ; - NO. II. : ' : 'v' ' To the Edilots of the Enquirer:': J " - -' In your paper of yesterday, some of the reasons set forth in a petition Spraying for the repeal of important provisions iri our School Law were commented upon. - uth ers will now be discussed. " In vindication of the old independent district system, the petition claims that the inhabitants of the districts areas competent to select; their school house sites, and. build their own school houses, as individuals are to select and build their own farm' houses. W We would ask, are they' as likely to do it? That is the important question, and not their competency to' do so. For . an' an swer to this question, let the appeal, be made to the history of educational matters in this State, for the past thirty years. Let the present location and 'construction of nine-tenths of the school -houses-in the State, be examined, and then we -shall be better qualified to appreciate the necessity of some change' some improvement in re gard to this subject.-; I ' 1 .-. . . ' '.: . ' The truth is, the health the physical as well as the intellectual development of the children in our schools, imperatively de mand great- and immediate reform in the matter of school houses and their sites. The present unhealthy, unsuitable and un sightly location of thousands of school houses throughout the Country; the dilapi dated, repulsive appearance of the build ings; their contracted size; their uMer des titution of suitable furniture, suitable means for warming and ventilation and of suffi cient space for play-grounds, furnish in structive, lessons to us, and settle the ques tion at once, whether the Township Boards, as constituted by the new law, are needed to secure the requisite reform.; .' .. . s- '. K . Again, the petition says: "Centraliza tion and monopoly can never harmonize with a free'tdhsfilutliin and a free.pepple.i It is an old trick of Kings and' Emperors." That is to say, bocause the. new schooilaw authorizes the electors of the sub districts to choose three directors,- those: directors to choose one of their number clerk, and those 'clerks : to constitute a Township Board of Education and the said Board to purchase sites and erect commodious school houses thereon for the equal accom-; modation of all the children of the several sub--districts, it is, forsooth .'"centralization aid monopoly ." '"lan old trick -of Kings and Emperors." vThen are our-General Assembly and our National Congress; sys tems of "centralization and monopoly', and an old trick of Kings and Emperors." Away with such barbarous absurdities! ' Again, the petition declares: t ". We see no grant m tne Constitution to authorize taxation for High Schools;, neither, do we see justice in it. A great part of the rural population cannot, it they .would, partake in them." ; It is much to be regretted that the educational vision of the author of this petition is so bedimmed with the mists and clouds which once overhung this Subject, tnai ne cannot see me gionous ugni wntcu now illumines the path way of the modern j republican, educational reformer. ' "No grant in the Constitution authorizing taxa tion for High Schools!" -I a. . ., ,.: ; : Let us see. Tho Constitution declarer: '.'Te General Assembly shall make such provisions by taxation, or otherwise, as, with the income, arising from the School trust fund, will- secure, a thorough and effi cient system, of Common Schools through out the btate.",,, 1 o settle the constitution ality of this matter, then, it is only neces sary to establish the fact that gradation in a Common School System is indispensa ble to its thoroughness. &tia emcienct.r Od this point authorities are abundant-. It is conceded by, every experienced educator every intelligent, practical school man in the country, that the beneficial reflex .in fluence of the High School upon the schools below, is worth vastly, more than it costs to say nothing of the benefit which accrues to the pupils educated in,it. Jt brings to bear upon the pupils in the schools below' not only on those who reach, but also on those who do not reach the High School, the strongest motive that can possibly op erate upon the youthful mind, viz: the hope of promotion.. i , u ? v-v':a vJ; J : ' Beside, one . good model school in a township would accomplish incalculable benefits, by. furnishing a suitable place for the education of teachers, and by dissem mating- among the other, schools correct methods of imparting instruction.' ''But we have not time now to go into a full discus sion of the advantages of a graded system of Common Schools. In regard to the objection, that 44 a great part of the rural population cannot, if they would, partake in them, namely, the high schools, we have only to state, that the ob jection is 80selhish,so anti.demooratic.so anu-philanthropio, so much like the dog in the manger, that it is really not worth an swering. This objectidn is in perfect ac cordance . with the author's -other narrow vie ws. Surely he must, foe the past .twen ty years, been following the footsteps of his illustrious predecessor; Kip ;V an; Winkle The idea that good schools, tr any oth er valuable institutions, ought not 10 be es tablished, because,' forsooth; all may not be able, owing to peculiar circumstances, to share directly in their benefits is an ut- i ter absurdity. J it is tantamount to saytng '-'" ; .-:"; ';;;' 1 ;"''" ; ..; ';i . 'A'. the. SbH'Paet be iw liklFy tareach'ih'e'Jii T3" ship will not be school, therefore, all shoulde.cestntited less the' anple,e"crtoi"-irim'e'J f.tjirt rich and the poor iri regard 'to pip fdhoa Hon at gnyileges, wnicljj ougbj to efts ne, where and especially - ln, thiaodumry, W 1ICI Oi , IUUM IV ;.IIWOIt UUllUUftlir, on the great platform. oPeauality.saitr la bor together' for the common vekl. Tne grand modern educ ational idea is. to level that, because all t. 1-; known fact that distant pay schools, on 1 1- count of thetexpenserQohsedueh' 'uod i J- Wridfngthein : '; Children .o(rthe: niorez-waly,Bai,' v on . th a ( accoun f j atvaift tjip.i?' -distinctions .betwe'ehthe chil'dre'tr at'txm .'-.:' ''' up, aad hot to ' level oW. lbe phUdrH 'f .- ' . this Republ To theMQr7hfnae , In the petitionferred to iq ou;proa 9ommaQioatioo;;wenar.tho loltowirig m- sunipnon; , "jt. is an. old and. simple tact that no; manU boiiestjrj-dealijiar.. , : : can be measured, by "the gmou.nl ftlefrd ing he: jnay(hav Mvt jurisprudence does notsbo wfh fii fai t matter, are .hetter, than, Iwprp, 'j; v ;v understand him, jhdo$t of the petition; is, VtrraDt more honesty, the mbre feir-dean1nd). the. more. peace,": U.may-pfi'pcaiibr : such, doctrine in "arbitrary overriirients, '"'"- where the masses have been so long Qo-wn ' trouuen oeneaiti tne iron, neei 01 nearuess .--..v despotism, that every poble jmpulejaa'd - sentiment of freemen has died'oul eriS"!! - .-. . Under such jjoyerrrrn.entj, 1,1 is Co"f d that eduoattohyeh'aoUiiithi'ne " ' i preneiiu ine gross, uijusyceji ne pxwej nv which they wefe "crushed, wotit(iJ8lrerfy luuiuia me. musses 10 sever uie wnuui i governments would Turnish & ir ; .- I V 1 L share, of educated cpnvicts for j, politic u m- ;: fense's.irButsdlra t4a'W4owii';; country,' we unhesitattngty takS the ; jietifioher', 'an'dHipearoe3f history of four ; pwd Wa'atw.: the 'bohnectidii 'hetweih' nuPeEeeFfild ": cf ime in a free cSun'trlitroflra !00ut ef neaVfy .llofilSVlt of crime in.tbe ieveratc6UrtsiDfj3he ; rf Ml what -the returning IsiSC'era aVabteVixed as V" tblerahle' shaofsirnitoi, fiaof the Residue abpuf-enejvajf 11' or write al . "Similar S&nlt-taitW.;- - av uiiuiuiaiiva give security age. to the behests of worthless tyrt W.--' And, ho doubt, the historyionhrfspriiaenca ; in such at. hand, to enforce and corroiKJTa.i the : : - atelmenizr'mi'- fetfbfWceiA k crime arOj aimosi (insenarauiy. jourrovi , that, ignorance should ho mprft $e 9e: ; 'i ;l handed tliah 'vlee'' aSi cHmeyiat tlie' one .", leads mpsl JhevUablio'.aW K; expense' pi, poor-rates Thpspttat fits5 aa '; . ; and polde estabshmentar"',' It is mucWe asler! to'' ed uc ff lh'ari.fisT 11 ; ; : isK.' 'Awelt 'duc'a'tFa4'ad,'ftnlMiU. U. people ' Will " have ' but ifjtTe' o'jastSfcf - ;. opinions can establish anything Clhv nature. It is proper to: stale hef e", Tff,rbia- r Oiir caap is' tioiiyiUiiu, and bpinions'can establrsh ahythnii oTAia tioh to'the New; YorS crlrhwal!atar)ricit . " -.. that if the educated attdih nejaf'id ;. ....-s'.-crirhinals had bbrhe' theaaMgrtpOT , to eaoh other tha tf.eeduc'ateoan'i t3d ' ' ucat'ed populatidnf Ifiit State'old t-ie : ' f time said statistics wereIgaWered2'o,n-'. '-.V-.-' ly se'vehfy out of the 28,0wtnmma6ald . ;-. . . have been found uhable, to tea o-rif tie, . , : What an instructive" f.essop'tfWsrt (act , laV'-toeveryTpafriinlU wnataaarK cioua 01 aistrust aoes irtTiTpir . upon the man who, with such faefs atjlrnig him fair hi the face, ;ireltic1a'IryVi3Ijle hie 1 : mite ' to sustaih'5 a 'nobler ifstW Ires choolet"5? irJniiJ ;iU. Tbe truth' is. Vl'a haVmrlteforl deelJd. xxx:-'Z ed top much tipon f:urqp'ea"n,BtaV9a?rhd ll'x: the atatemehts of meVwhosselfTsnen. -or whose deep-seated pTejudicels'tAu"'ied -' them7 -to' advocate tK.bleainti'gf 1 orfcnoffw V'-'i' '. ancei Let us, as a people1, 'wate tip Ad ;' -'- oreaa away irom tnesa semi-oarvroy.a no lions? The age;demaha fCe f.C'idV'of the1 State demands' iftrre, weHiW Utkm thousands soon to fill oufftric'esI'C'c.tUvda - Further brhepetiflotf aajrs? a fW9 would suggest "the -Very -dofibtful "'prop'rf ity t of the great State of Ohfo,htie4ri. : thotiee;ngeing-'Irl1HeiltV'b side, we have book' stbrsSfafe'd'hewi,. apera . ' -plenty and cheapo ? '. This is a hit at thlr na)ft!t3of i our new school Ia?1 efcaorf this V ; wonderful petition-is h1igrdprSro that the fairTarhs Al "HniBfeireaC-ot . Ohio! rh ay be sullied '&y itgfiin h tha Book trade;M but he'eeeme rVfey fit- ;" , tld about the happiheflstrJe'iatelSgeAtifor :. the future Usefulness of h'e ' 800,000' c:f,l dren of the Statendiali thrf faw 'prtiJee ': 7 to furnish' with a A Valttabteftdbltls read . during their hours of leieureJIt firta -that the petitioner is a Jtrus1y'Jl kr, : : to whose ear the cliolf oF the1 xsntCJ-Ciet which orishea: with tK' Hsfc tih v thrilling musics that; he'vasnetllteba idea of paying the 'one-tehl! tfn4.r.tn ' the -dollar, or 6ne Sne drj th4c5Sil: lars,ito povlde omer'peofteVcRnrttth a little knowledgel t f8 fi'fc ..vh T Would irnot bo WeB p'tidfcr to consider before' he sttdip liis jpltbn . to the General Assemblyij hoVrhitii fcrat- ificatioh he'oan reasoniaWy expect rjo 'e-. rive as he descends the vle6f5yeif.j?m the reflection' that hi petitionwt iasliAi- -'-mental itf depri vfng thooSahds of "h2aU?ea of almost the only means of neiUzfCSir, lonely hours' and cheerin thtiir kim'v.j lotf And how.many 6i ihv future Zttef thiai Republio: will -rise- tipaai cti" him blessed? s?-1 ';ivj ;:;. , '-'-'. ,': TO BE "CONTUlt?$nV :. : ; . f J ..-.' ,-.-..:,;.-:ii:Vj.'- ;, .';r':. : ' J. &UUr(i l5"i' W'iii ,1,'.2,fAtj3 . ..