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n If P- If V V i Japaa and our. Relations. ; ;H The United States-have eminently been a practical people;. in every yearaome new mart is open to. tha enterprise of Amer ican oommeroe, whioli adds,to: the pros perity of oar government while it confers advantages at once, grasped by the deni zens of the-mart. -Whilst European na tions contend about the balanoe of power, anuVexercise'thiir functions on chimerical objects, the United States have sought to open Japan, a country unknown ' to us, Mve thcough the missionary of the Cross re-presented to be most fertile in soil and manufactured productions, and also its in habitants enjoying a. degree of civiliza tion, surprising, and beyond the common . ly received opinion as to enlightenment, to the enterprise of the Yankees. Seclu ded as Japan has ever held herself to the nations of the earth, it is somewhat sur prising thai she should have yielded so graciously to - our . representatives, and granted a boon greatly to be desired. Trade is omnipotent and will always seek an ingress as well as egress; but we cannot suppose that a lares trade will at bn'oe seek this country from Japan, though wa have admission to several of her ports. The' habits of these islanders are so se cluded, and handed down from genera tions untold, aided by a restrictive system ol religion, that it will require time to build , UP a large trade, . ilia Japanese are man ufabturers themselves better skilled than we are and this will retard some of the Yankee go-aheadativeness. Japan has granted us a valuable, privilege, however, viz: coaling in her ports, mis aavan tags consists in- the certainty of obtaining abundant and cheap supplies of this most indispensable article: at the same time the protection of our seamen from inhospita bier treatment heretofore used by the J a paneae towards all-, foreigners", will be of incalculable 'benefit to out commerce in "that reeion. . - is with interest that we look forward to the day fast approaching, when in eve ry land, sea and clime "the stars"' and those .demanding its protection, will be hailed with joyous acclamation, and our "glorious privileges" be extended to the na tions .of the globe when this continent ' Iwill not be the only, haven of repose and refuge to the persecuted victims of tyran " t)j.Norfolk Argus. :,.t'vV; " Dreadful Collision. V i A Collision v between the Cambridge f ttainwhich left here at 4 o'clock P. M - and a locomotive from Zanesville, took place last eveningbetween ? and 8 o'clock somewhere between Norwich anu z.anes ville. - The cause of the oollision is briefly ' as follows: ' The Express Mail train ' which leaves ' Zanesville at S o'clock, P. M. broke down fi between here and Zanesville. The con doctor, CorbiN, came to this place and "'telegraphed to Zanesville for an engine to . J'to bring on his train; in the meantime the train; from this place left here and got '"Corbin s train off the track, and proceed ed on its course when it met thelocomo "tive from Zanesville which was despatched Mo relieve the Express train. Breaksman SUsborn, was instantly killed .and severs . w others- hands and passengers, "considers bly injured.' Mrs.' Mast Jane Bote and ; Mrs. Daugherty, both of Cambridge, are - : among the hurt the former, it is (eared, ! ' dangerously.' These particulars we learn, 'mostly , by telegraph. ;" J. "' . : ,5" Knowing the anxiety of our citizens to learn ihe particulars of" tl)is sad catastro "phe,.We give 'therh in an extra, in antioi nation bi our. regulaf publication. ' ' - P. S. As; we were-going to press, the Daily Zanesville Aurora of the same date """as our extra, says that Mr. Sanburn is not dead, but thinks he cannot ' survived .Clarkt chief engineer of the Central road f bad.his head and one of his arms bruised, : "and one of his feet badly cut.; Cambridge ' Jefcrsonida. " ' . ' ' Opening of thb, Ganges Canal in In- pIA-rTn9 Ganges Canal, the greatest public work as yet constructed by the En- ii j giisn in mum, wu upnuKu uj mo.iiirui. 'Governor of Agra on. the 8th of April. The scene at the opening is described by the local papers, .hnglish clergymen ' seadiog a form of prayers for the occasion, JJrahmina throwing flowers into the stream. an imposing; display ot troops, a general distribution of sweetmeats, missionaries j,. preaching to the crowd, racing in sacks, 'y and the like, formed a melange that could "only have been presented in British India. - Though the. great trunk of the canal has ; J been thus formally opened, the branches Areauired for the distribution of the water , i will not be fully complete for some years ..By the. time they are so, the work will have cost a million and a half; and it is thought that, the. direct net return will be at the S ;rate of;about'.7 per CL on the outlay, and r; tha . indirect return arising from the in , . crease of cultivation and land revenue is - .estimated at about the same sum. The, I results of the canal, in preventing the re , catrence of the famines that have in varia ri bly followed the' failure of the monsoons .z,-in" the districts it traverses, and in creat 'r ing numerous lines of easy and economi -vCl transit connected with the great rivers . , oJ. tbe Poab, are incalculable. The total . length .of channel navigable throughout. i including the trunk and terminal lines into the great branches, is, very nearly. 800 miles. .The principal engineering work is an aqueduct over the Solani river, having it a. watery way, of 750 feet, his work . cost .390,000. or about nine times as much asTelford's aqueduct over the Dee, at Pont-yCysdit, which is halfas long again, and nearly three times as high, but .-witb a much narrower-channel, and there f; -oan be little doubt that had Telford's J mode of construction been adopted by the - military officer who constructed the work, the cost would have btea very much less r tthan it hat been. ;-CV: :.-. ; A Model Certificate. Tb .following . - certificate outdoes the "Panaceas,'.' VSyr & la" and M Magnetic' nostruma which W -usually work such astonishing miracles in 'ttke way of cures Upon the conceited, and if ! credulous peopler -v . i At-Dear Doctor? I will be" 175 years old 'ivext October,. For 94 years I eave been sn invalid,: unable to move when stirred , with a lever: but a year ago last Thursday irt i heard of the Granicular Syrup. I bought a-bottlesmelt the cork, and found myself -- 1 . . SM .1 a new man. . I can now run iweive-ana-a-liftlf miles an hour, and' throw nineteen donble sumersets without stopping. "... ... P,-5. A little of your. Aligumstoutum Salva applied to a wooden leg, reduced a compound fracture in fifteen minutes, and ifjiow,. covering the limb with aresh .arli i!ie.,of.svhile gum pine bark4 i The Jews of Palistlne Threatened . .Famine. . Recent accounts from the Holy Land represent tne condition of the Jews in that country as most lamentable;" and there is abundant evidence that these people are suffering great distress from destitution. I heir sufferings have been occasioned partly by the failure of the last harvest, which has raised the price of food to an enormous height, and partly by the present war and political disturbances, and the diminution of the resources for the support of the poor, derived from other countries. Sir Moses Montefiore.an eminent Hebrew of London, lately returned from a visit to the Holy Land, has published an appeal in behalf of the sufferers, in which he says: . 'I learn that "Fathers in Israel" men profoundly learned in the law. who. so that they may die near the graves of our fore fathers, submit to live in the most abject poverty are now impelled, by the very love they bear their children, to sell, them to the stranger, "so," to use their own" words, "that their offspring may be spared death death from starvation." The Hebrews of Jerusalem have also issued an "Appeal to the Congregations of Great Britain and America." 1 he fol lowing are extracts: ' Brethren ot the House of Israel, who so journ in nappy .ngiana ana America, arouse yourselves and save from annihila tion the remnant of the faithful watchers of Z on and Jerusalem. We lack the power to eive even a faint idea of the misery we are enduring every heart, has become sick eyery tongue stricken dumb. Behold, we are utterly prostrated, both in mind and in body, incompetent to pro claim the severity of the visitation that is consuming us. Starvation and pestilence walk hand in hand, and the wail of the poor, the widow and the orphan, is borne on the air. It is difficult to say whose sufferings are the greater, tne miseries ol those born under the sun of Judea, or of the holy pilgrims from distant lands. All classes of society, all grades and conditions, have became united in the brotherhood of woe; heads of synagogues and their pious servitors, learned rabbis and their scholars, mix in the crowd to supplicate and beg a mouldy crust. . Even that assistance which has hitherto reached us from our brethren in the Russian and Turkish dominions is now in consequence of the war, cut off. Central Railroad. A subscriber at Bellair, writing on the 14th, says "To-day the workmen on the Centra' Ohio Railroad commenced laying rail for the first on this end of the route, the gra ding. and masenry is nearly complete, and will no doubt be finished as fast as the rai can be laid. The bridge contractors are pushing their part of the work vigorously some of the bridges are now on the ground and ready to co up, to-morrow or .next day they will commence raising the struc tures. The car builders have their shop nearly completed, and have a large lot of materials on hand to carry on their work In fact all things appear to be prosperous and the day is not far distant when Bellai will be among the places that be and not that has been The tracklayers are placing about half a mile oer dav. from Cambridge toast We learn that tne "crossing pi me uiuu will be bv a. steam ferry boat, built with sufficient capacity to carry across a whole oassenfrer train, or nan a ireigni irmu reaching the river by a grade that will ad mit of the using of locomotive power, ana avoiding stationary machinery entirely At the point situated for crossing no diffi cult? will occur to prevent its use at any stage of water, except extreme floods the plan admitting ot a range from the lowest stage to Gazette. 36 feet rise." St. Clairrvillc , A. Thrilling Incident; ' We published a few days since, an ac count of the hazzardous exploit of a child which ' clambered upon a roof, in ' New York," and was prvoidentially rescued when death seemed imminent. A pre cisely similar incident occurred, but day or two since before our own eyes An infant of not more than two years unnoticed by its nurse, clambered upon the sill of a window in the third story of the hotel opposite our office, and there stood, laughing and crowing, all heedless of the peril that threatened it. It was a siffht to make strong men hold their breath. The slightest motion, a breat of air, the' least fright, would have thrown it off its balance and precipitated it upon the pavement below. A crowd gathered and stood in speech less agony of suspense, expecting mo mentarily to see the child dashed to pieces Meanwhile, the infant stood, boldly erect and laughingly extended its hands as if inviting a romp with the spectators below At last, when the sight had become agoniz inc. a female who had been sewing in the room where the window was, caught sight of the little creature, and with com mendable coolness, instead of shrieking. and thus almost certainly bringing about the catastrophe, quietly stepped to th window and enclosed the child in her arms One long, deep breath from the crowd showed the interest they had felt and the relief experienced. Baffalo Democracy, Cleaning Wall Paper. As many of our lady readers may desire, at this sea son ol cleaning, to renovate the paper upon the walls of rooms, we copy from the Ohio Cultivator a method prescribed for so doing: Take about two quarts of wheat bran, enclose it in a bag made of thin, open flannel, or strainer cloth, and with this rub the paper, shaking up the bran occasionally so as to keep the surface fresh.' With this apparatus, smoke can easily be removed from wall paper. Grease spots can be partially removed by rubbing them with -chalk, and then lay ing over them several thickness of brown paper, and pressing on a hot flatiron. A Good Shot. Captain Alvin Fox, of Perkins, has long been acknowledged the best shot with a rifle in this section of the State. . ' His prowess was put to a fearful test on; Thursday - afternoon. A pieoe of card, two inches by one and a half wide, was stuck into the slit of a piece of shingle three inches in length! "Placing this in the hands of his son, S. M. Fox the Captain paced off ten rods distance, and the boy holding out the card at arm's length, five balls were putihrough ii by the rifle in rite bands' of the father! 'This deed was wit nessed by folic persons, and." the ;oard is now in our possession Sandufky Regis' ter. .. -; The People against "Privileged Or-! . ;,- ders.v : ' The estate of G. M. Atwater, in the city f Cleveland, is valued at $179,393. This pays a tax into the city treasury ol ol, 973 32, besides whaUt pays into the State treasury. The City Bank reports $262,- 158. That pays into the city treasury a tax of exactly notliing at alii Now is not the City Bank as much ben- fitted and protected by the laws ol the city as Atwater's property! Exactly so; but, says the Bank, "we have a. charier, a contract with the State to pay a per centum on our profits, and if we have no profits we have no taxes to pay." Now, Mr. At water, if your property don't pay, if rents have come down, and it takes all the in come to keep the buildings in repair, pay the insurance and salary ot your agent, why then you ought not to be taxed. Ac cording to bank usages, why don't you apply tor an injunction. We can t tax a bank because the Legis- ature once passed a law providing how they must be taxed. In 1831 the Legists ture passed a law for the protection of the farmers of the State of Ohio. That law reads as follows: "All horses and mules shall be valued at forty, dollars, all neat cattle at eight dollars. Was not that a contract? The State agreed to that, arrd the people acquiesced. but it was found that horses at $40, and neat cattle at S3, would not raise money enough to defray the expenses of the State and county, so that law was repealed, that contract with the farmers was annulled, and farmers are now compelled to list their horses at"lheir true value in money Iow, Mr. farmer, why don t you protest? Why don t you claim that you had a char ter, enter your protest with the county Au ditor, in bank style as follows: "We, the said A. and B., officers for and in the name of the said City Bank, distinctly 'state, and positively declare, that the aforesaid act,' so far as it imposes a a tax upon said bank, other and different in any respect from the tax imposed by its charter, is unconstitutional and not obug atory upon said bank. What say the people to this suggestion Cleveland Plain Dealer. The Dreadful Earthquake at San Salvador. A circumstantial account of the terrible earthquake which occurred at San Salva dor on the 16th ol April last, is given in the Government organ of ban balvador The work of destruction was accomplished in ten seconds, and the account says: "Ihe crashing of houses and churches stunted the ears of the terrified inhabitants while a cloud of dust from the falling ruins enveloped them in a pall of impenetable darkness. Not a drop of water could be got to relieve the half choaked and suno eating, for the wells or lountains were nil ed up or made dry. The clock tower ol the cathedral carried a great part ol the edifice with it in its fall. The towers of the church of San Francisco crushed theEpis copal Oratory and part of the palace. 1 he church of Santo Domingo was buried be neath its towers, and the college of the Assumption was entirely ruined. The new and beautiful edifice of the University was demolished.. The church of the Mer ced separated in the center, and its wall fell outward to the ground. Ut the private nouses a few were left standing, but a rendered uninhabitable. The publio edi fices of the Government and city shared the common destruction. . Fortunately the loss of life was not as great as at first sup nosed. ; 1 he. killed will not exceea one hundred, and of wounded fifty. Amon the latter is the Bishop, who received a se vere blow on the head; the late President Senor Duenas: a daughter of the Presi dent, and the wife of the Secretary of th Legislative Chambers the latter severe Washington National monument ; The Board of Managers announce that unless aid is obtained, the work on the Washington National Monument will have to be suspended alter the present month and in view of this fact, thsy eloquently appeal to the American people to contn bute liberally on the coming 4th of July in aid of the work. Nothing, they say but a small contribution from all, in pro portion to theirmean8,if only from a dime to a dollar each, is wanted for the comple tion of the monument. It has reached a height of 154 feetof the 517-J, according to the plan, at a cost of about $230,000, and now it remains for the American peo ple, who will soon be celebrating their na tional anniversary, to say whether its con struction shall be continued.. It is con fidently expected that the contributions on this occasion will exhibit the high estima tion in which the virtues and services ol the 'nation's best benefactor' are held by a grateful and patriotio people. Wheel ing Intelligencer. : $40,000 of Bank Notes Stolen. Re cently the Bank of Tennessee ordered from its engraver in New York, an entire new set of notes of various denominations, with red backs. They were forwarded by Adams & Co.'s Express, but upon an ex amination of the box it appears that $40, 000 of the denomination of $10 had been stolch on their passage. The bills had not yet been signed, and the Bank refuse to is sue any $10 notes, with red backs, until the whole are recovered. - It is thought they were abstracted on the steamboat be tween Louisville and Nashville. A Flattering Picture. The New York Times says that the fashionable society of that city is a sham, from beginning to end. It is utterly unsound, depraved and un natural a deceptive piece of rotton wood, made to look shiny with French polish and glittering with the phosphorescent light of corruption a copper cent, try ing its very best to look like a five frano piece, and, what is worse, in nine cases out of ten succeeding. OtT The California Christian Advocate says: "An intelligent lady of our acquain tance, whose little boy was beginning strange talk, anxious to express to her child her horror of profanity, hit the novel process of washing out his mouth with soap suds whenever he swore. It was an effectual cure. ; The boy understood his mother's sense of the corruption of an oath, and the taste of suds, which together produced the' desired result. - - - , .-.4 ' ... .I. ! ., Ohio Penitentiary. This -institution has received a new set of officers Samuel Wilson, Warden; Dr. Albert de Lezin sky, Physician; and Rev. Ira Norris, Che plain. M . Congressional. Washington. June 19. Senate. The bill re-organizing the Navy was taken up, when Mr. Dayton of fered a substitute which was agreed to and read, the bill was then postponed. Mr. Douglass bill proposing to change ;ie time of meeting of Congress, from De cember to October, was taken up and de- ated and postponed. The Insane Land Bill Veto was taken up, when Mr. feeward made a long "and able speech against the veto. Alter Mr. Seward had finished, Mr. Clay obtained the floor on the vetoed Insane Land Bill; the subject was again post poned. The House bill, relating to the territo ries, was received, taken up and referred. After a short executive session the Senate adjourned. House. Mr. Churchwell made a per sonal explanation in reply to Senator Bell, and pronouLcing deductions even as false as his insinuations were groundless. Mr. Campbell made an explanation in regard to Mr. Churchwell's speech some weeks ago, charging him with being an abolitionist. Considerable excitement was caused. Mr. Stanton, of Ky., presented the pa ers of Mr. Geo. Isaacs and others, con testing the seat of Mike Walsh. The committee were discharged from the further consideration of the memorial contesting the right of Mike Walsh to a seat, on the ground that he is not an A mer ican by birth. - Mr. Ilillyer introduced a bill fixing the first Monday in November for the meeting of Congress, instead, of tha first Monday in December. The rules were suspended and the bill was passed, when the House adjourned. Washington, June 20. Senate. Mr. Seward gave notice of a bill to regulate the navigation of the coast of Africa in vessels owned by American citizens, being a bill to break up the African slave trade in American vessels. The Naval bill was taken up, on motion of Mr. Hunter. A vote of yesterday or dering it to a third leading was re-consid ered, and the bill was postponed in order to prepare certain very important amend ments. The vetoed land bill was next taken up Mr. LI ay spoke against the constitution ality of the bill. Pending a motion to postpone the bill the Senate adjourned. House. Messrs. Cullom and -Church well came near getting into a fight grow ing out of personal explanations of yes terday's debate on the Minnesota Land bill. Mr. Churchwell said that his colleague Cu!lom had made a false statement in re gard to him in his published speech. Mr. Cullom. greatly excited, leaped over the desKS and rushed towards Church well, and being seized by surrounding members he made desperate efforts to ge free, at the same time shaking his fist and exclaiming: "You are a liar! a damned liar! and damned scoundrel!" Mr. Churchwell drew a pistol and cock ed it. Intense excitement prevailed, but quiet was nnauy restored. . . Washington, June 21 jir. dewara irom the committee on Commerce made a report to the effect tha the committee could not agree on th proposition for the construction of the Ni agara Ship Canal. The committee ask ed to be discharged, which was finally agreed to. Mr. Hammond of Maine, reported bill, the object of which was the establish ment of a Steamboat inspection District from the Pacific. Mr. Kockwell presented a memoria from 1,400 persons principally of Boston asking for the immediate repeal ot th fugitive slave law. He said the sig were persons of all professions and oc cupations, and mostly persons who had been disposed to support the compromise of 1850. I hey were now asking lor th repeal of the fugitive slave law in con sequence of the repeal of the Missouri compromise. ...... A motion was made to refer it to the committee on the judiciary. Mr. Dixon said be desired to behead that motion, and moved that it be post poned until to-morrow, which was a greed to. Mr. Clayton presented the proceedings of a meeting held in Delaware remon strating against any treaty or other meas ure for reciprocal trade in Breadstuff. Mr. Seward reported a bill authorizing Ihe Postmaster General to contract for a term not exceeding five years for a sum not exceeding hall a million of . dollars, for carrying monthly mail in first clans steamers, from San Francisco, by way of the Sandwich Islands and Japan to Shang hai in China and back. All excess ol money so appropriated over postage re ceived to be paid out of the Treasury. The insane land bill veto was taten up. Mr. Bell concluded his speech continued from yesterday in support of the bill; when the Senate adjourned. . House. Mr. Hughes reported a bill to enable the President to carry into effect, the Gadsden treaty, and appropriating ten millions of dollars for that purpose. Referred to the committee of the whole on the state of the Union. Mr. Olds, from the committee on Post offices, reported a bill to amend the post age law by charging three cents for any distance under 3,000 miles, and over that distance ten cents. Ocean postage under that distance five cents, and ten cents over that. Drop letters and advertised letters one cent additional. Deferred till to-morrow. The - House then went into committee on the General Appropriation bill. Washington, June 23. : Sena'te. A communication was laid before the Senate from the Treasury show ing the receipts and expenditures of -the Mint at Philadelphia, since March, 1853. Total expenditures 295,667 6 1 , including repairs. The total amount of credits from deposits for coinage 5358.370. The private calculated was taken up and a bill for the relief of the owners ol the brii General Armstrong, captured by the British in the last war, was rejected. - The Senate adjourned till Monday. House. The House took up the private calender,1 and passed two bills.. Adjourn ed for want of a quorun. . : .. . , - ; (KT The Artesian Weil in Charleston is 1,150 feet deeji, and they are still boring deeper. .. J AS. R. MORRIS, PROPRIETOR. WOODSFIULD, OHIO, JUNG S3, 1854. Democratic State Ticket for 1854. FOR SUPREME JUDGE, SEEPAED F. I0EEIS, UJ Clermont Uounty. MEMBER OF THE BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS, ALEXANDER P. MILLER, Of Butler, County. . The Fourth at Clarington. The Fourth of July will be celebrated at Clarington, by a public dinner, to which all are invited. It is expected that an ora tion will be delivered by Rev. John Mc- Maiion. A Brass Band will be present on the occasion. 3t. Dye's Bank Mirror. We are still in receipt of this excellent counterfeit detec tor. The last number is accompanied by Dye's Gold and Silver Coin Chart Manual, embracing all the coins that have been in use from the days of Julius Caesar To the present time. Published semi-monthly by John S. Dye. -No. 2 Maiden Lane. New York, and 45 Third Street, Cincinnati Terms 52,00 semi-monthly, or $1,50 monthly. Ashleigh. We have received from the publisher, II. B. Pearson, No. 17 East Fourth Street, Cincinnati, a copy of an original American IComance, entitled "Ashleigh, a tale of the Olden Time," by Miss E. A. Dupuy, another of "The Con spirator, "rlorence, "Pirate s Daugh ter," &c. It is highly spoken of by those who have read it. Cases Decided at the late Term. Joseph Morris vs. John Molden Eject ment Verdict for defendant. Under the new code, in cases of this kind, judgments are set aside on motion, and a second trial granted. This case will be again for hear ing at the next term. John Wilson vs. Rebecca Wilson Ap plication lor uivorce. A divorce was granted in this case for gross neglect of duty on the part of the defendant. The plaintiff is to pay defendant forty-five dol lars alimony, and also pay the costs of the proceeding. The other causes alleged lor divorce were withdrawn. Nebraska and Slavery.: In the call issued to the People of Ohio for the "fusion" convention, to be held the city of Columbus, on the 13th of July there is this remarkable sentence: : "It is necessary now to recur to the Con stitution. In that instrumentit will be vain to seek for any recognition of slavery, even as a fact, outside of Slave StBl9s, or fo any power given to Congress to legislate in its behalf." We confess we are unable to keep up with the times if this sentence is not a re cognition of the doctrine contained in th Nebraska bill. If there is in the Consti tution no "recognition of slavery, even as a fact," in the territories, as declared by the foregoing extract, how could slavery- exist there, or what right has Congress to legislate on the subject in any way what ever? If slavery be not recognized by th Constitution, "outside of Slave States," it cannot exist in the territories of the United States except by positive Statute; and un der the Nebraska bill that Statute must b enacted by non-slaveholders, for none oth ers will have an existenoe there, or at least if they are slaveholders, their slaves wi not be in the territories. Who, then, be lieves that the non-slaveholding people ol Kansas or Nebraska will create slavery in those territories? No man in his heart be lieves it; but many, for purposes pure! political, may assert it, we hold the po sition that property in man, in addition to a not being recognized by the 'Constitution is also neither recognized by the law of of nature or of nations, nor by the com man .lw. To have an existence, then, in Kansas or Nebraska a positive statute must first be Dass?d authorizing it, whic we confidently beIieve"vi'U never be done. Again. The extract, quo"?ed above, further declares that "it will be vi.'n to eek" in the Constitution "for any power" given to Congress to legislate in its slave ry's behalf."' If this be true, does it not follow that it will also be equally "vain to seek" in the Constitution "for any power given to Congress to legislate" against sla very? If the first proposition be true, so also is the second. The Whole question, then, ought to be left to the decision of the people of the territories, where it of right belongs, and just where the Nebraska bill leaves it. " ,; We here-give that portion of the Nebraska-Kansas bill which has caused so much talk, and which has been so bitterly denounced. Read it carefully and see if there is anything in it inconsistent with the sentiment proclaimed, in the above extract, by those calling the "fusion" convention: - "That the constitution aid laws of the United States, which are not locally inap plicable, shall have the same force and ef fect within the said territory of Nebraska as elsewhere within the United States, ex cept the 8th section of the aot preparatory to the admission of Missouri into the Union, approved March 6th, 1820, which being inconsistent with the principles of non-intervention BT CONGRESS WITH SLAVERY in the states and TERRITORIES as re cognized by the legislation of 1 850, (com monly called the compromise, measures,) is hereby declared inoperative and void, it BEING THE vTRUB INTENT . AND ! MEANING of this aot not to legislate v slavery in any Territory or State, nor to exclude it there from, but to leave the people thereof per fectly free to form and regulate their do mestic institutions in their own Wat, sub ject onlt to the constitution of the United States. Provided, that nothing herein con tained shall be construed to revive or put in foroe any law or regulation which may ave existed prior to the act ol March 6, 1820, either protecting, establishing, pro hibiting, or abolishing slavery." Here it is emphatically declared-to be tie "true intent and meaning of this act not to legislate slavery into any Territory or State, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to leave the people thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their domestic insti tutions in their own way, subject only to the Constitution of the United States." s there anything in this anti-Republican, or anli-Democraticf Is it wrong for the people of the territories to legislate for themselves? Or must the Congress of the United States, a body in? which they have no vote, legislate for them? If the people "form and regulate their omestio institutions in their own way. uliject only' to the Constitution of the United States," as provided in the Ne braska bill, and if "in that instrument the Constitution it" will be vain to seek for any recognition of slavery, even as a fact, outside of slave States," as declared by those calling the Convention for July 13. how is slavery to get into Nebraska or Kansas? ' Let us see how an extract from this call to the people of Ohio, and an extract from the language of John C. Calhoun will look side by side: "The time has psed "I see my way in the lor half-way measures in recpeci to Slavery. The repeal of the Missouri Constitution ; I cannot in a compromise. A com promise is but an act of Prohibition has demon Congress. It may be trated the utter futility overruled at any time, of all legislative com It eives us no security promises. It is necessa But the Constitution is ry now to recur to tne stable. It is a rock. On it we can stand, and on Constitution- In that in strument it will be vain it we can meet our to seek for any recogni tion of slavery, even as Iriends irom the non slavehnlding States. It fact, outside of Slave is a firm . and stanie States, or for any power, eround. on which we given to Congress to leg islate in its behalf." Extract from the call for the July Conven tion. can better stand in op position to fanaticism than on the shifting sands ol compromise. Let ua be done, with compromises. Let us go back an.l stand upon the Constitution." JOHN C. Calhoun. Calhoun said, "Let us go back and stand unon the Constitution." The "fu sionists" say, "It is necessary now to re cur to the Constitution." The Nebraska bill savs "subiect only to the Constitu j 4 m tion." Where, then, is the difference About what is all this "noise and confu ainni" The Constitution is the only true platform upon which the people of thi country can in safety stand. And the par ty that adopts a platform that is not es broad as the Union, and upon which th people of the North and South cannot all stand, are enemies to the Constitution Whenever the North and South become completely divided upon sectional issues then "will the end come" then will th dissolution of this Union become a fixed fact. As the anniversary of the time when the people of this country declared them selves free and independent, is almost upon us, it is a fitting occasion to pause in ou headlong career, and consider the toil, an suffering, and bloodshed by which the in dependence of this country was gained and the Union of these States perfected And who can mature the desolation and woa that would follow its dissolution When the hand of brother shall be reise against brother, of father against sor an son against father! Who Jll not,upon the return of the ever-memorable 4th of July, renew his vows to be true to hi courrtrv- true to the Union; . and that be will enter into no party, nor stand upon any platform that will not embrace the people of all the States whether of the s a East or West, of the North or South. .QThe present organization, of the nancial system of the United States, a co temporary remarks, is purely Democratic The Sub-Treasury has not only saved th nation, but rescued the commercial com munity from general bankruptcy and ruin and this to an extent of which the latter has not yet formed an idea, and, of course cannot appreciate. Indeed, as a genera truth, the community is not yet half aware of the social blessings and political advan tages it has derived from the principles an no.'cv of the Democratic party; and many a Whig who now owes his commercial prosperity and social happiness to the De mocracy, is not conscious, in the hot pre judices of a party .warfare, that he is in debted for that happiness and prosperity to the sterling wisdom and invincible integ rily of Thomas Jefferson and nis incorruptible-disciples. Let the people only know facts give them tq understand truth let them comprehend the real issues of the parties that now distract the country, and they will rally to man in support of the Union and the Government that now conducts it to honor, prosperity and fame. The Wheat Crop. The St. Clairsville Gazette says: Farm ers have been telling as all spring that the Wheat crop in this county would not ex ceed one-half an average yield. ; .But, the prospect is still mors: gloomy to-day. - A gentleman has exhibited to us several heads of Wheat plucked In different fields near t0Wn that are full of Weevil. We are told that tha insect is making dreadful rav ages in this neighborhood. We hope the destroyer has not visited other sections of the countj, , . ;4 V V ' ' .Accounts from various parts of this State and Indiana represent the Wheat crop in bad condition. - 7 " . - - ' : , A writer in the Ohio Farmer says: 'l sin traveling in tvery. direction crossing through very many fields of; Wheat, and passing by thousands of others. I am also inquiring, listening and thinking- and ata -persuaded after all. that we - shall bay Wheat abundantly , for ourselves, and -to spare." r ; ; t ; . - . ' o ; . - From Wisconsin, Iowa, Michigan and linois the news is more cheering. In the f. atter State it is confidently predicted that - ' there will be a larger yield of Wheat than . ley have ever had. lllinais expects to rank next to Ohio as a Wheat growing State. . -z': ::-:':'r:-"-y' -y. In New York, Pennsylvania, and tha ; New England State generally, tha' grain nd grass crops ara very promising. "iir 1 Georga, Tennessea and Kentucky, tha , promise of a large Wheat crop is terjr . , - altering. . The farmers in Southern Vir-V;-V ginia, in the lower counties 'of 'Maryland, V - and in North Carolina, commenced bar--vesting their Wheat last, week, and o ' ';v' counts speak most encouragingly of the.' . fullness and abundance of the yield. ' - ROLL OP HONOR, 1 '' Received on subscription to the "Spirit of Democracy," for the week ending Sat- uruay June X4, itso4: . ... John Martin, Perry, 50 00 00 75 75 00 00 Dr. J. Martin, do i Benj. Haga, Seneca, - .r srael Brown, Jackson, - ; . Abraham Jackson, Centre, - ; John Clegg,- Green, . David Bouar, Noble Co., 3 Fremont's Voyagenrs. ' r We bad 'the pleasure of a call vtr. day from several of the Delaware Indians. who accompanied Fremont on his recent winter exploration of the central route. If A finer looking set of voyageurs we hay never beheld, and any one who sees them . oan easily understand why Fremont-re- . ' led so implicitly upon their couraea and endurance in exploring the wilderness. ' Oue or two of them speak English- very , fluently, and to them we are indebted for a very graphio description of the roots, and many amusing details of camp lifa. They speak with gusto of their; feasts upon mule meal, and seem even to relish their weary wandering along the base of ins sierra revaaa before they found s pass. As far as Parowan no serious ob stacle to travel was met with, and aAer that only a single mountain ridge wason countered before reaching tha fool r ih. Sierre Nevada, and even that had a fin level pass some twentv mil. ,nnik rii,. . point at which they crossed it. . Th m.t - , several parties of Ulahs, who offered taam no molestation, and also one or two bands of Diggers, after leaving Parowan. They r-irr ? ... - - . . .' " morula au on toot, bavins; : but one mule left, following down Kern's river, and report no difficulty in tha pass, as a wagon can travel it with ease, and the snow was not so deep as it often is at Kansas. Unfortunately one of their num. -ber died coming up the Mississipt, but with this exception their journey, though an arduous one, has been a very agroeaala one. St. Louis Democrat.-., . ,.. -. (Kr John Greiner, of Pittsburgh, a lad 1 " about ten years of age, was playing on Monday last with a fish hookv by holding it in his mouth, when by some mishap ha " swallowed it. He tried to remove pulling at the string, but it had becom. firmly lodged in the lower and back Mrt of the throat. : The little fellow was not only, freightened, but in' great pain; at tempts were made by the boy's parent to -extract the hook, but they were unable to v do it. The hook had become firmly em bedded in tbe throat... Dr, A. Walter ."' was called, and atter many fruitless efforts, heat length hit upon this "novel and in f genious plan to extract it: Having ' ' oertained the probable size of the hook, e, pistol buljet of suitable dimensions wa V procured, a hole was pierced in the'mid die of it and placed upon the line of the fishhook, and allowed to slip down to tho -hook. ; The weight of the bullet, assisted -by a gentle pressure downwards with pair of curved forceps, removed the hook from its situation. ; Thus liberated, tho point of the hook sticking into the lead ami being, protected by it, it was safely J removed. . ' ' Akother Love Affair. On Wdns day, the l7th ,inst.Va Mill Fuller, in Dar by ville, Pickaway county O.; drowned herself in the creek, in sT few minute alter reading a note from her lover, that he did not intend marrying her, and wa: uuuui leiiving me villa uw. a enr,iM.' dent says, after she read the Ietisr.'sha exclaimed, "My God.'what will become oi. me! bhe crossed the street, passed through a house without noticing the faint ly, rushed up stairs where the false one was at work, and caught him round the neck-i-kissed him said she had come to bid him a long farewell. :She then ran across a field and plunged into water fifteen feet deep. A man olowinav by, supposing something was wrong, ran after her, but only reached her in time to see the bubble where she had sank.' The young man fled to escape the'ia dignation of a deeply-aymprthizinj com munity. He will do doubt,' realise that he oannot escape the bitter reoollectioa of the irreparable wrong done bis unstM peeling victim. ,; -J: .; .' ., ;". A Tough Stort or a:ToT6HrGooSavL A Itfte English paper says that Mr. Everett," farmer, of Kirby Lodge, near, Bockinji. ham, has a goose Which he vouches to he at least ninetf-three years old.' If fca been on his farm fall fifty years, mnd yrt ed the former part of its life on the Cre adjoining. It is large fine; fowl, widl e head and neck white as snow, and fcas ' lately hatched a brood ' of goslin from -its own eggs. - Mr. Everett has a hook stating its age and history,' which he authenticate." OrVVe hear from that elephant at New Bedford again. '- He is in an uneasy "siato of mind." lie was confined with Mraral chains in order to keep him seOttrevtttt soon after the exhibition was closed, fco succeeded in severing two of the chtis; a third, however, which was fastened ly of his legs and around a rock, he waata able to break. Considerable excitement was caused among those who ch snood te be upon the ground, and many Ced fro . the place in hot haste. ' He is undoubtedly a dangerous animal. The oompany paid $700 for damages done by him on Uoa day.; :-f: " r;r;Tv'i " ii- ' '-7. 1 " , i i in .-. I .-(", ; - Cholera. Nine cases of ohol$nt ufJ occurred in Brooklyn, L l.t wjj. tww weeks past, six proving fatal. , : ' . - ! i "'; . y' . V ... .. '-'- ' t . I - . ... 4 r . r r.