OCR Interpretation


The spirit of democracy. [volume] (Woodsfield, Ohio) 1844-1994, March 07, 1855, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038115/1855-03-07/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

M
t
JAS. It. MRRIS . .
JERK. WJLL1AMS.
. . - . . ... EDITOR.
... . .. ASSISTANT
Woonsi;it:i.i, oiii, maucii 7, isss.
PB M OCR ATIC STATE TICKET.
; .
r-
'Tor- entfctmort;
, FOR .t,lEUTKNANT C'rOVErtN'R,
1 JAXtM HYCU4, Lucat.
k. . .. . ,
- FH SUPREME JUDGES. 1 X
.. friL'!.!l KKJINO.1. Belmont:
tt. II. UAKOliXr O Franklin.
. SarrfcR '-ACnlTOR -OF STATE.-'-, r
AVjI. U fllOHU AH. ofGolumbiana..
Dill V H f in TflK ASCKF.R OF STATE,' r
S'JlVM C. UllliSl.IJf, c Sieea.!
.' ,li5i-'v '' ' . . -.
FOR SECRETARY OF STATE,
PSlttI A 31 TUEVITT, o) Franklin.
l -i-i'tji . . ,-- ;
' -r, !. Fp-R? ATTORNEY GENERAL,
OEOllUK tV. McCOOK. of Jtfferton.
' "i ' - ' ' : .
' t.-.i. KfOR. BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS, ...
: 6 A XKS J). T KK UJI A ?f, f 2.mm.
NEWS ITEM3.
WT1 Nv regret that
coniply
A . Clar
we are unable to
with Iher request of our friend C.
:K,'ot Illinois." . ; ' ' ? '
fill the person wno oorrowea an
ate. from our wood-house, soma four
weeks ago, please return it? Ha can
bring it back in the night-time, if he does
noVtlkeHo'be seen with it ia'day-light.
t it
V :
1 Jr'Oha' more' number and Volume XI
ol.the Vboint ' will be closed, lo our
' frieftaa, whachava. atood by u sinoe we
eemmaiwed ita publication, we return our
- aiibere thanka? IVt thoae who have eince
, oortia forward and aided us in our endea
VQra to. furnuli them a good paper, wo are
noder similar obligaliona. . Although the
' . pMtitT has been a hard one ior printera,
. enlir'we ara tftahkfQl'thol .bur list of aub
. - aQubejsaa been steadily .tncreaaing.
,AJ,fg nuniberef the coanty, papers of
. .. thieJSUte, of the atta w the .'Spirit," whose
, aubsaription price-was ; 8 1 53 per year,
: have been-raised; to '$Z QOZ We Intend
, tfi'jpbajfabut 8 50, as heretofore, and
.L have Mblding confidence that the3 peo-
" pla' orid'Moaroe will still --continue to
. ' ... . . . .
. - five us a liberal support. 'A tew year
L agp when our xexpenaoa were aoaroely
De-half wbat the now are and when the
., "Spirit", did not contain as much reading
matter "aa at present "by nne third, we
T.eol3'jet three bushflls oT wheat -for' a
- yr."a aubsoripiior.'Now about one bush
Jet tya for. iL-r - Whilst the farmer's prices
;'- hava' Seen going up, ours have been going
dawnvTf the' increased size of "the paper
"4)4 cost of publication, are taken into
- eKniJaraiioQ. .Think jot these things,
friasid,'n4 lernl ue a. helpings hand,. for
7; li1elr-yeet-'' v: r..,- t -
VTo those iwho have Tecentrf ' disoontin
, ted Jh peperk for csrlatfl reasons, we
V: aVi'AhegrUijing intelligence to an
Beunve that our aubsonption list was nev
V f Urger than' at present. .- r- ' .r-.-- ;
" . - j - - -
A word td Farmeri. - .
are, tn' this county, T number of
e-wnose experience nu ooserveuou
! f:v;i. J-f.-': ; . ...i-,--. . .... .
. , - V baye;pul,tb,em'in possession of niuch use
. . - C 'M-inforrnaiioB-' on agrieulture. ; In order
- . t,hfajjrimaijt avait lhemeelvee of the io--
, formation of eaohs other,; and ''profit by
'i i IS'rj i? r1 .fx'rnoe, would It not be
:--' - , '; proper for them to write, for publication;
uohanibject,aathejr may. deem wor-,
-vC' , -1 thy of it f By ao 'doing' they would be mu
: -'::. .: fiiallf banflrte4. ' If their "ariiclea ahould
- DOtdieoUv the ecienlifio . knowledge of
, - Bern ot iht-r theoretioal , speculators, they
' . . ? . '. : svill possess the marit of being the teach-
'; ' fnjtiol iiperienoei and will be adapted to
- - our own TKnmty. v , ;
- v : - ', : ' Ae the spring is opening, ana farmers
M preparing to plant their spring crops,
J -J'-. ; l . this is a very" good tima' to begin, and they
jqay Obtain Jiiformatvou in this1 way wotth
five! tiniaa, the .price of the'Jpaper. .We
would take pleasure in correcting roan u-
- iprlpt. ff rfeeeesarjr; and Inaertiug such ar.
ilclesl our ybluna.HU'e would reoour
r& inii t th y be bria f '-a s j ustice to the
. eubjebt wiU ' allow'. -Sliort,' pithy, "articles
- tare Wod aa make -the most " lasting 4m
p7essiensvnd will most ; certainly obtain
;. oareful f'pttrio. ' Who, then, will open
'.tjbusway m ibla "matter? Come Fanners
of Manrof ,tbis is a in alter that deeply eon
' jjerns rou all, and one in which you
jfheeSi ear ;ly ngge. ; y
: 05" -jSuTnVli Ss Cfo!; liave our thanks for
. anengravit)g o the Capitol of Ohio. The
u bawa pi Ohio preclude-us from, comply:
rngwrth' their request - .if fr; r.-
. "' . . . -
- Xtaow:ffoth!ng,. Council. .. .
The State Council of Know-Nothings
tnM in - Ciiitroha'tF last - November. " The
Wloirif at the olBeers:
" ' Pfealdenl. Thomas SponirtS, '
" Vtc Vreai Jent. O,"T.- PiaBBAcr,
' ..Sacretary. John E. Kkes, . j ,
s , 4irgnf-ati"Atma. N. Hivwoob. T-
- : h' XjjfjCleroioni Sun aay a:.
.1 ?' ? rriver nOtberVaon of them is "t W HIG.
" :.- . Their iwxt meeting will be 'at Cleveland.
- yj'j: At this' ineetin, CAae came up wherein a
jj - fffTfie -as the victim. One J. B. Smith,
-J ; C ' iuatalliog ollicer for Serieca'cbunty had in-
U stalled foreianer t office in one of the
7 Seheca oimcil. He' was brought up and
i7thWictbeiitjf proved. upon fiiiiu-.be , was
: .forthwith, removed from his oflioe-for the
i 'ffnce.v It doa not appear that this for
1 iguer"'wa8'ii Cath'SlfcV buf was" simply a
j ' lr"igner was guilty ' 6t tire rinpardona
Wa5 eir of seein g light for the Orst 4ime in
' foreign land " 1 W 's- ii;,
, gjr!$i AVashinpton porrespondent o'
' th St, Louis Republican writes that tlie
" l'refident is iA'osssion of .highly grati
fying intelligence from Utah, which' re
phirta thaf -' Motmbn are not'oWy- peacea.
- i iily disposed, 'txit quite satificu "with ttitriV
1arrisborg; Feb. S7.The joint con
veotron of tlie two houses met to-day fo
the purpose of . electing a United States
Senator. On the first ballot Mr. Cameron
received 55 votes; Buchalew 23; scatter
tng 50: Second ballot, Cameron 64
Buchalew 23; scattering 51. The third
batlut was the same as the first. After the
third ballot a motion was made to adjourn
till to-morrow. Lost 63 lo 66. A mo
lion was then mado to adjourn till (he first
Tuesday in October, which was agreed
to yens 66, nays 65. There being no
election by the Legislature, the Governor
will appoint a Senator lo serve until an
election is made. '
New Orleans, Feb. 28. By tb,e steam
er Orizaba, we have advioes from the city
of Mexico to the 7th inat. The insur
rection at the south was gaining ground
The Government troops had gone over to
Gen. Palicia, who had besieged Gen.
Chilpancingo, Bnd had reduoed the in
habitants to starvation.
07" Gov. Pollock, after a full hearing ;
has refosed to pardon Be ale, the dentist.
Q$r Daniel Webster'e landed estate in
Franklin, New Hampshire, was sold on
Thursday last for 8 16.000 -Rufus L. Fay
of Boston, being the purchaser.
. ut7 I he Ions pending and vexatious
litigation between the Northern and South
ern sections of 'the Methodist Church, res
peoting the uook Uonoern property in
Cincinnati, haa at length been amicably
arranged by the commission recently in
session in that city. The Church South
is awarded 880,000 and the Southern
debts.
KissAKEr Arrested. Thia notorious
forger and boat-burner has again been ar
rested. He was taken at Williamsville, N.
V.' He had 86 500 In his possession at
the time of his arrest.
03r A bill has been introduoed in the
Senate of Indiana to break up the Know
Nothing Lodges in that State. The bill
declares it a conspiracy for persona to
band themselves together, under solemn
Oath, for the purpose of depriving any cit
fzen of the State of political right under
the constitution. 1 .
(j- B. S. Cowen, Esq., of St.Clairsville.
has been elected a Director of the Cleve
land, Medina and Tuscarawas Railroad
Company. ' ; : -
0- Geo. W.. Greene, the Banker "who
was convicted sometime since in Chicago
of the murder of his wife, hung himself in
his cell. .
The Cleveland Herald say "that on
the Reserve cattle ere positively dying for
want of food starving .to death. . The
great drouth last season killed the hay,
grass and other crops, it is impossible for
the farmers to get hay or grain auflicient
to feed their stock. .
Death op a Quekm. Hor Majesty Ma
ria Adelaide, Queen of Sardinia, breath
ed her laet at Turin, on the 20th of-January,
after an illness of a few weeks, con
sequent Upon her confinement and aggra
vated by the sudden death of her mother-
in-law, ihVQueen Dowager. " ' v-
Oir Louis Nspoleon is collecting his
uncle's letters and writings. It is said that
twenty volumes will hardly contain all the
MSS. of the Emperor Waplea- Many
letters, cip., written by the Emperor, are
in a text hardly legible it is only with
the greatest difficulty that the exact words
are.made out.
Thb Slavs- Boaws. -Mr. Grimes, who
has of late been engaged in Boston, in
the collection of money for the , purpose
of purohasing the alave Anthony Uurna
from hu owner, has succeeded in hie en
deayorai aod the neceasary anipunt, 81,
300, has been contributed. The U. S.
District Attorney and the U. S. Marshal,
each contributed 50. Burns i now on
bis" way to Boston.' ' , v -A " ' ''
::- Murder by a KmoA continental oor-.
respondent of the Londen Morning Adver
tiser write :' A very unfortunate event
has just occurred at the Hague an event
of. so distressing " a nature that I should
hesitate to narrate it, but that it' comes to
me from unquestionable authority. The
King of Holland lately went to visit one of
his mistresses and found one of his aides
de-camp closeted with; her. The King
rushed upon the officer and stabbed him;
the wound,- it is laid, proved ; fatal, and
great exertions are being made in high
places to keep this . horrible tragedy .from
the public - We have not seen this or
any similar statement elsewhere.
; . : 7 ; . . Australia. v .
By the arrival of the steamer Hellespont,
.we have intelligence from Ballaarat which
really is of an alarming naiure.diacloaing,
as it does,: a stale of armed rebellion a
gainst tlie constituted authorities in that
populous part of the gold fields. From the
complexion. of events at the last moment,
we may expect lhat.the.next "mail will in
form us of. a set colision between the mi
litary and the populace, attended by seri
ous consequences and certain bloodshed. ;
Robert J. Ward v. the City of louis- j
yji,lk. This was a suit against the city
ot. Louisville for damages done to the resi
dence and other property ofR. J. Ward,
by the mob during the famous' Ward ex
citement in Spring last. . The case come
up before Judge Bullock on last Saturday,
upon demurrer. ' The de'murrer'was sus
tained upon Jhe authority, of tlie case of
Prattler v. city of Lexington, decided oy
the court of Appeals, in '., 13 B.Munroe.
In the case it-was decided that the, pefir
lionwas badribecause it did not allege
what officers had been called upon to quell
the'niob. and the court ' of Appeals even
WHt,fqrther and" Jntimated . the opinion
that a oily could in no event be held rcs,-
nnnsible for the acta commiited by-a mob.
Liniit'diy Courier, ZQlh
Two Incidents in History.
"During . the American revolution r a
band of Irishmen were imbodied to avenge,
in the country oif their adoption, tho in-
juries of the eountry of their birth." They
constituted the -great proportion of the
Pennsylvania line. Tbey fought with
enthusiastic bravery lor the cause of the
colonies. .- Many ot the so called "native
born" citiaens in the army were well pro
vided and contented; but these gallant
foreigners were not so fortunate. They
were half starved and almost naked.
They appealed for relief, and in vain.
They felt indignant at thia treatment.
They had arms in their hands, and they
had reached that limit beyend which for
bearanoe ceases to be a virtan. They
now demanded what they before had solicited.-
At this moment the intelligence of
their dissatisfaction was carried to the
British camp, and was received with un
dissembled joy by Lord 'Howe. Here
was. he thought, a glorious opportunity of
crushing the embryo republic forever. He
knew that the Irish character was irasci
ble and impetuous. Messengers were
dispatched to the suffering and protest
ing Irishmen. Free pardons; gold, cloth
ing, bounties. &c. were ottered in one
royal carte blanche. But there was no
hesitation among these humble and starv
ing foreigners. The degrading offers of
the English chief aroused at once their
anger and their self-respect. There was
not one Arnold among these hardy men.
They scorned the tempters who had been
sent to seduce them spurned their glit
tering bribes, and gave up the British
emissaries to the hangman's rope.
uut there is another picture. When
the Mexican war broke out on this side of
the Rio Grande, nearly the entire regular
army was composed, of foreigners and
adopted citizens. How they fought, and
fighting fell, the history of Palo Alto and
Kesaca de la Palma will tell. The war
progressed; - and the - Native American
areas predicted that the moment the Cath
olio Irish found themselves in Mexico.
where Catholicity is the common and the
established belief, they would go over to
aanta Anna in clouds. History will say
how false the prophesy proved to be. The
adopted oiticens were among the first on
every field during that long and brilliant
struggle. Whether following his leader
at Uuena Vieta, at Monterey, at Cerro
Gordo, at Molina del Rev, or at Chapul-
tepee, he was rarely found wanting. It
is true,, there was n exception in the case
of Riley and his companions, who were
fearfully punished in the face of the whole
army, amid tlie execrations of their- indig
nant countrymen. But there were also
exceptions among the Native Americana
in that war. no less discreditable, and
muoh more numerous. Who volunteer
ed for the war more promptly and more
enthusiastically, from the first to the last.
than the adopted citizens, and especially
the unnaturalized foreigners? Attended
by their courageous priests in the' midst
of the shock of war. and lying with their
learts fixed upon their faith and their flag,
they never murmured at the country of
their choice; but rejoiced that they were
able to defend her honor. When the con
test ended, there was not an American
general who did not everywhere applaud
the gallantry and the devotion of these
soldiers of Liberty; and the vain clamors
of political Native Americanism were
hushed before a spectacle which has paa-
ed into history alike a a lesson and an
example to all times. Washington Union
Difficulties in Kansas.
It appers from late Kaiuas papers that
very serious dulieullitf Jhave arisen in the
territory between the Lawrence Associa
tion, and Emigration Aid Societies and the
original Squatters Association. Meet
ings have been called and held by both
sides, and muoh abusive recrimination
ndulged in. The chief bone of conten
tion appearo to be that the, Lawrence As
sociation is charged with attempting to
monopolize the appropriation of the pub
ic domain. I he Squatters are very sav
age against such a course. Resolutions
have passed, and speeches made by both
sides, of such an inflammatory , character
that they promisesahything but a peaceful
settlement of the new country.'
The Lexington (Mo.) Express publishes
an account ol a riot between a number ot
squatters in Kansas. It occurred in the
town of Fremont, and the following are
said to be the facts:
The mob, without provocation, entirely
destroyed the premises of the Rev. Mr.
iummer, and, after having beat and
stoned his person to suoh a degree that
all reasonable , hope of his life was lost,
they carried him off by force, together
with hia suffering wife, who was still cling
ing to his mangled, body, and conveyed
them away some five miles, and set them
down on the open prairie, there to perish.
the mob. then returned, with yells of tri
umph, to. the. residence of A. A. Ward,
where they organized, and from, whence
they started, which is the immediate vicin
ity of the demolished premises.. They
held a mock auction, and sold off what
remained . of building materials, which
We're bid in by. the instigators of the meb.
fhey stole the potatoes, onions, chickens.
&o., of the still bleeding, and supposed
dead, sufferer. ' ' . '
The Gardener Case in Chancery.
i This case, which has been before the
circuit court since the 12th inst., was yes
terday brought to a olose. Judge .M or
sell delivered the opinion of the court.
T he court is satisned that the claim set
up by Georg'e A. Gardiner for damages,
and allowed in the award ot the commis-
loners, was tatse ana umounaea, mat tne
award waa obtained by ' fraud, and was
null and void; and that the money paid
out of the Treaury of the United States,
under such cireumstauces, continued its
character as the money and property of
of the United states, and may be followed
into the hands of Measrs Corcoran & Riggs,'
who are not the true owners of the said
fund. ' ' .-
vThe Court then made a decree to the
effect that the award 1 was obtained by
George A. Gardiner by means of false
awearing.' forgevy, and fraud, and was
therefore null and void; that the estate is
indebted to the United States in the sum
of $428,750, with interest from the '1 6th of
May, 1851; (hat Corcoran & Riggs should
bring intocourt on the fourth 'Monday of
March'nextV the! stocks and securities in
their hands', amounting to $89,000, being
part of the funds obtained by Gardiner
under said-award, and also an admited
balance in cash of 88, 737 46; and that
the eause be. rfred to waiter S.. Cox, a
special auditor, to state an account of said
Corcoran "'cS-Riie nf'dividends collect
ed by them. Globe, ' .
The Benefits of a Hard Honey Car
rency in Iowa.
When the Constitution of Iowa was
formed, a provision was inserted forbid
ding the incorporation ol-Banks of issue.'
How the policy works may be seen in the
following extract from a letter published in
the New York Times ;
Dubuque, Iowa, Dec. 27.
"Nothing could be more discouraging
th an the tone of your 'money articles 'for
a long time past, unless it be for a stran
ger to walk from .Trinity Church down
Wall street to Pearl street. Hard times !
Hard times !
"Let me for a moment show you an
other picture. Dubuque is rich I . Dubu
que is fat and lazy ! Let a stranger drop
in here and he would see every lace the
picture of good nature and self-satisfaction.
We have got enough td pay our
debts without any trouble, and real estate
does not fall a dollar. Mechanics are in
good request, and labor is at a premium.
We are a "hard money" people. We
have no banks cf issue in this State, and
no special charters. Every man has an
equal chanoe at everything. By the stat
utes, a deed need only embrace about
twenty words, besides the description of
the property ; and a short P. S., by a no
tary public, finishes it off. Sovereigns pass
current here at 1 90, which keeps them
in the country. .
In spite of "hard times," the farmers
from Ohio, Pennsylvania and New Eng
land pour in here, and Uncle Sum takes
in at"" the Government office here about
$175,000 or $ 200,000 a month in Ameri
can gold.
"As I said before our circulation is eolu
and silver. Our merchants buy mostly for
cash, and sell from $25,000 to $80,000
each per annum. Our banks issue no
paper, but are banks ef discount. The
farmers have splendid crops this year, and
get good prices in specie, consequently
we are all rich out here, and calmly wit
ness your spatunodio efforts at the East.''
A Good One
Bennett, of the Nw York Herald, af
ter blackguarding Mr. Henry A. Wise
without stint, for the last month, says the
Washington Star, despatched an. individ
ual of his own'corps, who happens to be
a gentleman, to attend and report at the
various meetings to come off under the
engagements of Mr. W.to stump Virgin
ia. He carried a letter ot introduction to
Mr. Wise, and was accordingly accom
modated with a capital seat in Phoenix
Hull, Petersburg, where that gentleman
delivered his first speech of the campaign.
In the course ol his address, Mr. Wise,
commenting with great bitterness and sar
casm upon the warfare of misrepresenta
tion which had been waged upon him out
side of the Old Dominion, suddenly open
ed upon James Gordon Bennett with a
torrent of ridicule and exposure of that
individual's want of personal character,
auch as instantly turned the stomachs, as
it were, of all present, against the alien
Ogre of the American press ; and branch
ing off upon his impudence -in sending,
as he characterized the poor reporter, one
of his "carrion birds" consigned to his
courtesy. The effect was terrific. All
eyes instinctively rested upon the forlorn
gentleman, who had been placed in a very
conspicuous position, as if but to make
him the belter mark for the firing of auch
a shot at him. Seeing a disposition rising
in the meeting to punish Bennett's tergi
versation in his person, the reporter hasti
ly gathered up his papers and saved his
bacon by absquatulating. He took the
cars by light next morning, by way of
getting out ol the reach of Virginia in
dignation in the shortest possible space of
time, and is said to have returned to
Washington realizing that it is at least
dangerous for one ambitious of occupying
the position of a gentleman in society, to
oonnect himself . with a party notoriously
more appropriately fitted to grace the cell
of a State prison, than the editorial chair
of a public journal.
Mexican Revolution.
Our dates from Acapulco are to the 24th
inst. i lie news is highly important, as
contained in the following correspon
dence: v
As we - anticipated, a courier arrived
from Gen. Alvarez head quarters at Tes
pah on the 20th, with the official intelli
gence that Gen. Zuloaga, with bis entire
command, composed of some ot Santa
Anna s select officers and troops, had, with
all their troops and munitions of war, ca
pitulated, or to use a patriotic expression
had pronounced in favor of, and joined
the command of Alvarez. By this the lib
eral party in the South are reinforced with
1000 regular troops and othcers, together
with '1 800 good muskets. 80 mules loads o
munitions of war, and 6 field pieces; suffi
ciently ample to bid defiance to any addi
tional troops Santa Anna may order to
the south, which exceedingly questionable,
as he no doubt is fully convinced of the
absurdity of another attempt to defeat Al
varez and his chieltain, Gen. Comonfort,
the latter whose talents and liberal senti
ments and feelings towards not only his
own countryman, but foreigners, eminent
ly qualify him for the most elevated post
tiou within the gift of the Mexicans; a bet
ter selection could not be.maae, tor ne a-.
lone appears to be the man who could
harmonixe the 'North and South, 'and pre
vent this republic from crumbling into an
insignificant independent State. Panama
Herald.
r Congressional.
Washington, Feb.' 24. -
Senate The Chair laid before the Sen
ate a message from the President, accom
panied by a letter from the Minister from
Peru, respecting the Laboe Islands con
troversy. x
The Diplomatic and Consular Bill was
read.
Mr. Mason said the biff reduces the dif
ferent grades to one ; it abolishes Chargea
and Ministers resident ; takes away the
outfit; gives Ministers a fixed salary, not
to commence until services begin, and to
cease when the duties of the office termin
ate; it prevents double pay for the same
services, and at the same time prevents
apy foreign Minister from being absent
from his post more than ten days without
leave, from the President of the United
States ; and if more than that time, either
with or without leave, his salary ceases.
Although the salaries wilhbe raised on the
face of the bill, the expenses of each mis
sion will be rednced, because no outfit,
no infil, no overlapping on salaries, and
no gratuities to subordinate officers of the
missions, are allowed as heretofore.
After further discussion, the bill was laid
aside.
House. The House acted on the a
mendments to the Civil and Diplomatic
Appropriation Bill, and concurred in all
reported from the Committee of the Whole,
except that appropriating $50,000 for hos
pital and medical attendance of Ameri
can seaman at or near Havana.
Mr. Letcher's tariff amendment, or re
ducing the present duties ?0 per cent.,
was concurred in yeas 129, nays 82.
The bill was ordered to be engrossed and
read a third time by 52 maioritv.
Mr. Meacliam moved to lay the bill on
the table. Lost yeas 62. nays 141. .
The bill was then passed yeas 126,
nays 80.
The House then, in Committee, took up
the Naval Appropriation Bill. It appro
priates nearly $15,000,000," of which S3.
000,000 is for the six new steam frigates,
and 8250,000 towards Stevens' war steam
er. The House then adjourned.
Mr. Rusk called up House bill to reduce
and modify the rates of postage.'. One
provision requires the pre-pay ment of let
ters always by stamps after the first of Jan
uary, 1856. Another provides for regis
tering ot valuable letters.
Hobse. The Navy and Fortification
and Appropriation .bil's, were passed.
Mr. Middle worth moved a suspension of
tne rules to take up Senate Old Soldier's
bill. Several gentlemen said two hund
red millions acres of land will be requir
ed for this purpose, according to Ihe re
pert oj the Commissioner of Pensions.-
Mr. Middleworth's motion was agreed to
125 against 51.
The bill gave rise to considerable dis
cussion, and finally a motion was made
to lay it on the table, but negatived by a
vote of 55 to 102. The bill was then post
poned until to-morrow.
The amendments to the Army Appro
priation bill were then taken up. but, af
ter some time the committee rose and the
House took a recess until 7 o'clock.
Spanish and English Flags Entwined.
The Havana Presna of the 14th says
that on the previous morning an English
war steamer had left the port of Havana,
with several companies and troops for the
island on board perhaps it says, to gar
rison some place in the interior:
The steamer, says the paper, 'bore at
her masthead, unfurled to the wind, and
proudly and affectionately entwining each
other, tne banners ot Spam and England
a union highly significant of the aetual
circumstances. A few minutes afterwards
one of the large English ships-ef-war,.
which have beeu'lynlg at anchor in the
port, sailed but with the.Spanish and En
glish Hags also flying in union at her mast
head. The war steamer Gen. Laez, next
sailed out, decorated in the same signifi
cant style. This delightful spectacle was
witnessed from the wharves by an enthu
siastic ' multitude. At seeing these two
flags floating side by side, from the' peak
of English war : vessels, all may compre
hend the'meaning, and what may be ex
pected fromsuen a union. Our Spain will
. -1 - - : t -. . .
i never sianq aioue m ner great questions
4 of American policy '
Washington, Feb. 26.
Senate Mr. Shields. I move to ad
mit ladies to the floor of the Senate, to
witness the presentation of Gen. Jackson's
sword. "Agreed," from all tides of the
Senate. Whereupon the ladies crowded
in till the gallery was full of them.
The Naval Reform bill waa under dis
cussion, when, the debate was suspended
to allow the presentation of the sword worn
by Gen. Jackson at the battle of New Or
leans. The sword was placed on the
Clerk's desk. Mr. Case rose, and raising
the sword, presented it to the Senate. In
doing so, he took the opportunity to pay
a tribute to the memory of Jackson. ' He
briefly, pointedly and feelingly alluded to
the presentation of the sword of Wash
ington; and in passing, spoke ol the offer
ing of the cane of Franklin, which was
at the same time deposited by the side of
the sword of his, great co-laborer in the
cause of human rights. His allusions to
Washington and Franklin were very hap
py and appropriate.
He did not regard these ceremonies as
empty and unmeaning. The first was the
memorial of the first and greatest of our
chief magistrates; and these and other
memorials of his successor in the admin
istration of the Government, and second
only to him in the gratitude and affec
tions of the American people, will lie
side by side, tokens of patriotic devotion ;
and in ages shut out from our vision by
the future, when remote generations hear
of our heritage of freedom, shall gace up
on these testimonials of victories time
worn but time-honored they will be car
ried back by the association to' these he
roes of our early story, and will find their
love of country strengthened and their
pride in her institutions and their confi
dence in her fate and fortunes increased.
Mr. Bell followed in a speech highly eu
oiristic of the hero of the battle of New
Orleans. .He spoke at-muoh length and
very eloquently.
At the conclusion of his speech, Mr.
Bell introduced a joint resolution, accept
ing the sword, and returning the thanks ol
Congress to the family of the late .Gene
ral Armstrong. Read three times by u
nanimous consent, and passed.
Mr. Gwin offered a resolution that the
speeches of Messrs. Cass and Bell be en
tered on the journal, and that the joint
resolution be carried to the House. Pas
sed. '
Mr. Morton resumed the discussion of
the Naval Reform Bill.
House. Mr. Disney, from the Commit
tee on Publio Lands, reported Senate bill
granting laudato Michigan to aid In the
construction jo! railroads.
Oa motion of Mr. Clingman, the' bill
was tabled yeas 97, nays 72.
.Mr. Disney reported Senate bill, with
an amendment, granting lands to Florida
in aid of railroads in said State.
On motion of Mr. Beckham, it was ta
bled yeas 98, nays 66.
tne Secretary ol tne senate was here
introduoed, having the sword of Jackson
in one hand and the resolution of the
Senate in the other. In view of the in
teresting ceremonies, the rules of the
Houe were suspended, and a large num
ber of ladies, who were waiting outside,
were admitted" to. the floor. Much dis
order for some time prevailed, the hall be
ing densely crowded. . '
On motion of Mj Smith, of Tennessee,
thejresolution of the Senate, accepting the
sword in behalf of the nation, waa taken
up. Mr. S. then addressed the House at
some length, eulogizing the character
and military skill of Gen. Jackson. -
Mr. Zollicoffer, who represents the
Nashville district, followed in an eloquent
tribute to his gallant deeds.
i Mr.. Benton then took -the floor, and
spoke at maoh length of Jackson's life and
personal history, narrating minutely the
circumstances of many of his battles, and
in some of which Mr. Benton was his aid.
When Mr. Benton had concluded, the
resolution tfas adopted, and 100.000 co
pies of the speeches on the occasion or
dered to be printed.
The Navy Appropriation bill was then
taken up in Committee l but after a short
time, laid' aside, and the amendments to
the Indian Pension Bill considered ; but
Without definite action, the House took a
recess until o ciock. ior general ueuaie.
Washington, Feb. 28.
The bill to provide more efficient dis
cipline for the Navy, passed.
Tho Mail Steamer Appropriation bill
taken up. Alter a long debate, the seve
ral amendments proposed to the bill were
rejected, and the bill passed by a vote of
2b to t thus continuing the contract
with the Collins line till 1860, at $33,000
per round trip.
Mr. Hunter, from the Finance Commit
tee, reported the Civil and Diplomatio Ap
propriation bill from the House, with the
amendment adopted by the House, mod
ifying the tariff. : '
After some debate, the bill was made
the special order of the day lor' to-morrow.
The Senate then went into Executive
session, and unanimously confirmed the
nomination of Winriald Soott as Lieuten
ant General of the army. Adjourned..
House. Several bills were passed, the
most important of which were two from
the Senate to prevent mis trial in the
District and Circuit Courts of the United
States in certain cases, and for the relief
of Charles W. Carrol, givirig him five thou
sand dollars in consideration of his false
arrest and imprisonment . as a deserter
from the army. , Much confusion prevail
ed at this time, occasionally thirty or more
members springing to their feet and cry
ing loudly, "Mr. Speaker!" each painful
ly anxious to catch that officer's eye.l
The House finally proceeded to the con
sidiration of the Old Soldiers' Bounty
Land Bill, which passed by 60 majority
Foreign News. ?
Ja rrival of the s t. ib uis;
' ' "" New YorkJ Mereh 1.- -v!f-"
The St." Louis reached her dock ab'dut V
eight o'clock. She left Cowes at 21. M. , -on
the 1 5t.h, with thirty passengers. ;
Among whom is Soule. ; ' T.-'- - .
The Paris correspondent of the" nTN
don News; says Soule 1 considered; th .." ;
scheme for the purchase of Cuba com-
pletely knocked in the hWd. rf r vrsi r ,
Parliament re-assembled on the IfliA :
Lord John Russell was to leave Eng- y
land in a few daysorVienna' Mr- Ham-j
mond the under Secretary, of S,late anaf "
Foreign Affairs, accompany him.' ' ' :
Dispatches from Raglan to the 27tb, . '
reporuhe weather'fine with severe' frost it ' f
night. The huts were being got up with '
much difficulty. '' - . -I ' ; ": "
The first detachment -of British troon. V
i - .
A "r-
m
' - v
., '
. I
:-'r v
One Week Later from California.
New Orleans, Feb. 28.
The steamer Daniel Webster, with dates
Irom San Francisco to the 9th inst., has ar
rived at this port. The steamer Cortez
with which she connected,' brought down
$500,000 in specie, and one hundred
and seventy passengers, thirty-two of
whom came here.
A meeting of the native Caliorniana was
held on the 7th ltiatant, near Sacramento
for the purpose of adopting measures for
a simultaneous emigration to Sonora, for
the purpose of escaping the heavy taxes
aud other oppressions to which they are
subject. '
The mining business continued to suffer
for the want ot water.
The Kerr River mines have proved
very extensive, and thousands are flocking
to that looality .".. :".
There has been forty-four ballots for i
Senator without success.
There was a better feeling in provisions
but the demand from the interior was light
and it was as difficult as ever to make
case sale. '
The Isthmus was healthy.
- s Washington,' Feb. 27.. -Senate.
Mr." Fessenden, from the
committee on printing, reported adversely
to printing Professor, Eitpjs fourth me
Sir Charles Nafikr. -The London
Times has a scorching article upon 'Sir
('buries Napier's recent speech at the Lord
Mayor's Banquet, in which he endeavored
to throw the responsibility of his failure
udoii the Ministry. The Times eays, in
commenting upon the speech:
'The disappointment, the puzzle of the
Beoule. is this: Why this immense fleet!
Why these megnificieut stermers, so co
lossal yet so manageable? Why shipi
twice as big as Nelson's biggest, with
twice- as much weight of metal? Why Sir
Charles Napier's announcements? ";Why
the boastful and bullying tone of that din
ner at the reform club? Why that osten
tatious parade up and down the Baltic
with, every now and then, a repetition ol
the Portsmouth Review? " Why that "war
to the knife with Russia"which Sir Uharles
on returning home.told his gapping friends
in Marvlebone was the first article in his
political creed? Why all this swagger,
nothing was to be done? If that is all, it
we can only break our teeth if ve try them
on the fortifications to the Bailie surely
that oan be proved at less cost than all
this bluster, which is very costly indeed
to the national credit. Sir Qharles seems
to have found out no more than everybody
knew. " ' '.
"We all knew that Cronstadt was a very
formidable place.that it was surrounded by
miles of shallow water, and that the chan
nel was narrow, circuitous ditncult to be
traced, and well enfiladed by numerous
batteries. We complain that Sir. Charles
left us at the end of the year just as we
were at the beginning, neither stronger
nor wiser. His speech on Thursday is of
much the same unprogressive character.
What are we the, wiser for it? These Ad
mirals seem to think that the final purpose
of a fleet is to look terrible, to manoeuver,
to communicate by signals, to rendezvous
now and then at some good anchorage or
convenient port, to challenge with impu;
nity, to command the seas within sight,
and to return home safe and sound," hav
ing done nothing." " " ' 4 "
Progress of the Alvarez Revolution
in MEXico -AjAdvice from Acapulco to the
5th inst. announces the presence of Gen.
Alvarez in that city. where he had been
, j . . i
enthusiastically receiveu enu enienaineu
with a treat ball, which waa attended by
the American and English eonsuls. - He
was to have left in a lew days, so it is said,
with an army of 5,000 men, for the capi
tal of Mexico, Gen. F. B. Moreno; a na
tive of Florida, but for many 'years a cit
izen and soldi?r of Mexico, was to com
mand the first. Gen. Commonfort Ihe sec
ond, and G"en. Thomas Moreno the third
brigade. - On the march te the capital
they expect to be reinforced ; by 7,000
troops, and-will proclaim . Gen. Alvarez
President of the republic pro tern. Of
mm SI ft Cat Ml
course "tits supreme (iisnnesa .' win nave
to be consulted in th" matter, provided he
does not take to flight on their approach
' -V: e:":,
,"V:-
'-V;l-'
' "TVA-::-v. :
mm
"- ' :jt
'j-X-
Km
. ; e
';-
. "'" ' i .
Irom India had arrived. . ;
Nothing important from the Crimea. , -
Breadmuffs without change, limited'
business. v" . - . ..- -, -'-: .'
The India mail has arrived with tele- '.
grnphic.dispatches from Bombay to Jan. V' v
16, which says an insurrection broke out V
at Cabosi, 12.000 Persians were besieging -Bender
Cabosi, a murderous conflict had
taken place, ; but the besiege continued '
resistance. A -'- "
. The French Government offers to raise '
in Frsnce ajegien of from JO'to 25.000 ,
men for service. The English Govera '
ment one half that number, to be ready
in fifteen days. It ia stated that, the En-'7 i
glish government rhad ; disposed ; of tha '
Hetman proposition. . ' : -' -.'"'.v
'' Thirty thousand Ottoman troops were ' :.
landed at Cuptona. Others are on their
march for Vienna, ancl will embark t
soon as they arrive. -. ' ; ' ' ' ,'-' "- 7
The French government advioes from ;
Varna 6lil, state that Omer Psha Wt for
Boinges to inspect the cavalry ai.djnaga. . ..
ziijes, and on his return will embark for ..
Eupatoria. ' .--v.; : " .. ;,- .. .. .-. ' . ;'
The Russians were psrtly encamped in
the villages of Ama, - Bellere,. Sinperopol i i
and Enoirous. r -.".... , c
General Ulricki with goods, setoff for :
Crimea on the 30th January..
The artillery in Sebastopol kept up an - "
.. f. J : wi , . , " . -
iijuesstiiii lire uunng tn nigni, anft lam
allies replied during the day? ir iV
Th Journal de St. Petersburg! of Feb.
3d, contains an address from-the Czar to
Hetman of the Don Cossacks, expreserns
the confidence thai they will fight cour
ageously lor : the church,. , throne ' and
country. ' ; 1 ' '. " ' ; ;
A London firm, in the provision trai!.
proposes through the Times, to feed the-"
army in tlie Crimea- at the rate of 3 6i ;: "
per day, per man, giving three eubstaif ;V
tial meals per day, binding themselves to' V-7"
the contract by' the heaviest nenaltiea.
Indian v mail brings dates from 'E
IConir to Deeemfier 19ihi- V - n (i
Bombay 17th.-4The Burmese envey;
.demanded restitutiou of Pega which waa -pre-emptorily
refused. . ' ;. .' '" . ;'" " ..
" The report of the special inspector
appointed to enquire into the facts In re-
gard to the loss of the 'steamship' City I "
rnuaueipiud,. iaiukDeiore rariiament, ex-. ' S--culpate
Capt. Leitch'aud ofiicera from all :"
blame, and recommend the erection of m" "
Light house it 'Caper Eace.; ( ' :j-
The, Viceroy f Egypt baa abolisliad' . '
customs and duties except'at Suez.- ' - .,' .
. " BreadsKiffs shade; lower. : Sm.aU so-'-" -'
ulative demand.; Brown 4 Shipley quota- " "
Western Canal .'44s 6d, Good Oiiio 45
Wheat trifle lower, White, lis 6d.' ...
Corn has declined 6d, Wbita40s Yet-. '' -
low 43s 6d, Mixed 43s. ' - :s - -'
U. S. Stocks have advanced. 3 '-- fx" - i
'' Lord John Russell hae gone to Viennar v -as
Plenipotentiary to attend the session" - ;
of the Pesce CoDgresr''i .'V;'';;''''"-'';.'--';5"'
Mapier has joined the Western allieav . . '
High, easterly winds still prevailed ff lnr
English coast," and government steatherat- ;
were sent toc assist wind-bound: vessela.- '
Severe winter weather prevailed1 throogh. 'j: "'.f
out Europe, causing much distress. 'v'W.-."'. ."
.At Liverpool, owing to lack of employ j; '
ment, " 15 000 men' ' were out -of worker -5,000
of them from the toon-arrival bf r -America
shipping, - j ? - ' ' ." .
Sebastopol, Feb. 1. Tlje ' Ruesiai);
Grand Dukes have made a reconnoisiaoi :.
of the allied front. ' " . .' A" "' 'i1: v ' ':-"
The allies were daily expecting an- at-, V i-
tack, and the pickets ordered to ba on 'the :
aien. vainer warm. -., ,. , . ; .
..In a sortie' on the 31st, 300 ' Freneb' - . '::
were, killed and wounded.; . In the oVacts- '.. -rity
one French-regiment. fired on'anotharj j-;-':
y Feb. 2. Many regiments were io readi' - V' "l
ness, last night,- for, immediate :-actiot4 "
The oavalry were under arms all tiight..;, '
The supplies furnished by -the commia -
sariat were sufficient in most respeQtaw -.
Admiral. JHruat telegraphed that ainea "
the .3It the Russians recommenced night
sort. es,' but are vigorously repulsed.. 4 -
file Russians bad received oonaidera- . '
ble reinforcements. r .' ? Si-. t-'"to ; v
Thirteen hundred men. with provisions '
and stores, had reached-.i.he Frenoh. army - V
r The roads near Eupatoria were frozen
and in good order. . : , j j; ;-r. :- f; f .
1 he Czar a two sons have entered Sn . -
baslopol. .. . - . . r;,iji: '-
Varna. 3d. It is stated from Kamscoah
that the Russians had made sorties oath. ?
1st and 2d; but were repulsed. .r-MAttdtf J r .'
6th Nothing" ot itfiportance.Tliw :
firing was kept up briskly on bethaidai : .
8th-T-Menschikon briefly telegraphsthal i !
his general sitoatiori was unchanged;
The Vienna press saya thatth Engltal '
returning from th aiege hue are, with , ..
the French Guards, to form a reserve at ' " .
Balaklava. ' . o:! .-.. tr-.;;TV "' r
General Neil had arrived at camp ea :V :
the 27th of January. a-n .-i.ic -4 .; A ? -c
V It is reported to the Emperor thaflaa
situation of the French army, on tlie whofa, - .
was good; that of the tfntuh not so bad '
as reported.1 ' -t ;,iiv;,;:'
1 be long talked of cliange in the French ' -
army in tne unmet wii announced.
t he army is to be divided into twn corpse -' V . ,
one under Pelisser,' tho .other under .Boa- . .
qnet; virtually rendering Canrobrn iunera ' ; j. -o'vnher;
;;: C'.- r:i ,-;.c-i-.. A ? x ,-
It is the rumwr that Raglen and Earl ' -Luean
will shortly return from the Crimea. " v
It ; is tumored rliai Spain - haa entered1
into an alliance with a view -to 4iva tha -y
influence of the . French agamat any in i ; ' ,
surrectiotv that may 'take place;- alo-4hnt :
Portugal will join with .OOO'iheDrata- ' : '
er doubt fuf,1"- --- - ii-J. ;i:.';,-;''-.
The Western - Power afe aeektnf: ta - "'.
unite the secondary States in the GfiX'r,';!'
European league egeihst R8siari vt . '.'"" ,; ''-.-
Prussia sends a wrcutaVW'fhai'vrJ
malio 'agehtaWidieating !lha AhaHVi ' '
'- . i
': -'- .f.-
...
i :f--".'
.-, " :,-
m
' "J---
m
l3
A
teorological reports ."' ''X '
. . i' ... .
" -vi " y , ;
v.

xml | txt