,T ILJ3 S..1U E I T . 0 E D E M 0 G it A C I
J AS. R. MORRIS........ Pkophiktur.
; DXSft&SR4LX75;STATX TICKET.
FOR MKCTmAX COVKVrB. '
roR LlKTfMASt OVBRXOR,
XfilES M1EJIS, "J"
' .?&CTIIXIASf K.EKJS ON ' o 'BeimonK.
- J&totfrVoaW irr, ts-
Wf.H- MORG AN? of CMwbiani.
' JOHULG; llRESll!! ; of Seneca
FOR BKCRETARtW KrATR, '"' J "'
frii CEORC W.MctOOK, ofJrffer'ton
JjL&IES IB. 8TEEDM A!V , o Len.
.: 'iieSSWW,S5!5?5"!" ;
' Jeempcratic. Convention. &s, '
' ' By reference to another qoluma it will; be
- ' """11 ?l0?Vie-Htr?HCW,"ttce
J I?T3sfe5 'S!1 SIrSA,3,?e4 upon
"v in this county. ' The call is the same, the Jl?ii
"".. rf' ;TfiVflwuia en5:
" t $3eI$"i.i Fifrt? prejudice-
. oerau to rote for any but the best men.. :We
; hare nrtju'Mffltf' tljtVUftdanywlifictU
' Uy-somef ur citrzns to
uF'49Af2-4e' Mtfmate4 Anonht ncees-;
-X?Sir4feS Jicli.'Here'l. W chanw
;vA.J3ofcS,KS elaft'&ildigir railroad
and profitahTe nnder
neaessary for ti to argue the
j .I , CJ34F ifeSifiSller? M every tTne? nitaSt
Jtwelemrfr and ?iit to be' able
" ; " '"oie wweyfo state tliat the stock is all
" Xllu' ind'"';fnaX"the Charge f rant 'of ent er--'
i WM fiiinf diens ! a baiosslander. ' -
' : r .Cvi r V'?'
Monroe County. Census,
VtI?!1,tftil0y 4hage Slin the several
- Z?S7 ";f?tf .MJniod by; the
iferry tr,-s..vv 237
Sale to " . ; . 356
Centre . . ; . . . . . 382
" Franklin...... ,..296
Seneca. ;-; .. 223
Snmmit'iT. AV. 187
Switzerland;. tJ. tl 22G
143, 1 Wasliinpton,, 244
Wayne';'. f. T.'.. 228
. ..... f c
li'i,'Cle,t5fctUrn8 art, -'doubtlest
."rery ineonfetatIif anieMttnft,onshiT the
taooNttonM Irbnt A ery Kttlo more than
US rdifiryi'ote;CtIf lh8 tetHrn w-ere ann
tlJgrfgii ttnld'ndt be leRsihSn 5000.
' ' " :' ' ''': l!1 5 J
piejfosr.Want of J?abroAage. .:t,
- VTho (Cnrerfepnblislieil aQjeverly, .Washing.
lopnOh)0,aiedj-last?we want of
j -(ropageT'he Gazette was a neat little paper,
; T Vtel,jy ji ceVer feUQw; .but, nnfortu.
Jofped its fee, th'eTKoihba,.
a&4X7lC P'TwtjjInt decline.
Pjw SP Ut8a Wer.caus next
. time, Lt.r aid' be lijorcj sueocssful..,
"-i: - - j . ,
Ttl ISioiJotbing Watloniat Conven,
'.':- CZ ti tttflSJW .
l!Jti &tj)l ftBldeia assembly
jbonn :prdaedCvby&4lie - introdnef iorf -of the'
Storiiyi qaeitiftn ha driven off fifty-three menu
lpt frOJgt'tka true State, -and ihe Soulh now
, tiye'Jt tfliluefr ownOwiu A; plaif erirf waslo
. W:iectdroad JtigaiCB iontaln ll the fac-
. ti J thatsacsttld bortf ragged" on' it; bat Slavery
beixg hj i&bst pWcrfo pxfnclple hi the orgoii
' iailioa raised her- lasn'an& eoorgedj from, -the
: planks everything JhAt "waa htwtilo o"her Inter.
, CtisArge: portion t)f the Korth Bed from a
. t J-renBByhraBla atodTJcW-Ydrlt tm -ebn.
tCt4A& with. theconvntion,Tbat Vltefher
mWaatianaliied, jb& they-fcoK hope iff
leetridenUi;ietrpi) mubdlvid IhtfH
ptlJy loos" lio 4vmg .'iip".yiHpit6ynd
&s$dbjEa,rwt6 ofcJQ 4o'59;'dhei ininorit.y
w.-feJt4-ly5JMl-iia 2;itUaff7the: partylis
eiHStfoftttt thjmost nitra slivtryisin 5.Su.ch
' 5$ JWtaMi WPWnl of 'thiit rdcediigs
fwotiay -to i3y vepke'JiauaevaiYork
bcingekrltfr Bitd Ksdreejd by his
TK&Tj&Vtka JjSi&nicrishi ihe
rtti, ad,uim.(Barker).' off by: defeaC
itSU Jto-destiQites He .woald ;-haye" got
itybttt ftt-iWSi feJIe.hnd the ultra South-
, cfaajpast aUctwonglwyrJ
Osfitba gseti.bAllotitheiiiiambcrr of vbtes
Gardiner tX51 '
(Z?&ZfeG& -Danneherwerf ffl
On the sixthballpthis friends united with
thos of E. JBartlett of KyV giving
the latter 94 and electing him. i hi
I Barker had 52 on the last ballot, and
Gardner 2.W . :J "
Rev" Henry W. Rugg, of Mass., Uni-
vcrgalist,"-was elected -Chaplain of . the -or
der ....n... -v .. -. ..
The Committee, on; Platform are TbosJ
Il'Ford, of Ohio, Colfax of Indiana,
Foster,-of ;Mass.;4 ConSyof 'Nr H.y J ohn-
sonvfoffPenn., Lyons, of New York,
Haughton, of North Carolina, and one
fronr each-trofthe - other-istater.-rrThey
meet at 9 A. M. to-morrow to construct
Thi Xnrih will offer the Ohio Platform
They. will stick
to1 the restoration of the Missouri Com
promise to the death. The South, seeing
the determination ' of the North, talk of
accepting the" restoration with a Proviso
in favor of actual settlers, but the North
say no proviso. ; v " ' ' -'
' To-morrow morning, on motion to print
Barker's Address, he will get Jesse from
the North for his lower law doctrines. A
piquant debate is expected. V - .'
Father Oaland the Jesuit is still around
l and is suspected of being the Reporter
' fii' 'tlm TrUimio To hp n Biiiritiml mp.
r -" ;' ' Saturday, June 9, 1855
" ' The Proceedings of the Council to-day
have not been important. . The Catholic
question. '.' was rc-opened again and freely
discussed on the motion to admit to seats
a i- delegates two. men .from Louisiana
wSoIaimio, represent that branch,., of
KpowNpthingism xn ..that State ,which
jjyes" up'tolthe-'rptestarit test; rThey
were not reguiany eiecieu uy a cwic
CouncUf but were nevertheless admitted.
JhV Alabama jflclegation , remain still .un
touched, (hough' In violation of the' posi
tion taken by the Council inthe Louisiana
At the" meeting 'yeslcrday,'aftemoon
disgtaceful. scenes . of .disorder and confu
sion look place, "growing out. of the gross
intoxication 'of, several members from the
Southern States. ... One from North Caro-
Bnairisise6t on making a speech', "while
bo much" under the infloence of liquor, as
to have no commana overs. senses or
body.- v lie was 1 too ..drunk ..even, to give
.wftyVt.pi the "appeals' of his friends to sit
down anot keep quiet, but rambled on in.
coherently , to,: the, mortification and dis
gust jofvthe decency, of - the body, -, One
great difficulty all the week,; in the way
of the! harmonious t and , rapjd dispatch
of busincsK has been the habitual partial
intoxication of many of the membersr and
when: .the ,. slavery ..debate fairly launches,
scen.es of violence may., not unreasonably
be apprelicnded. The propriety of hav-'
ing nbsCssion of the Council after dessert
has been strongly urged for several days,
even by Southern members, especially on;
thia ground. .;- . r ,-v ', . . . . -
... There is little doubt that the resolutions
of the Committee and Council will either
be ifilrmativelypro-Blarery or else entire
ly ignore ...the subject; but theitriumph
will be the death-warrant of the organi-
tatipn. LMonday or Tuesday at the late?t
will bring affairs to a crisis. Many North
ern, jind- Western, members are very im
patient at the prolongation of the meet-!
ings., Some will leave on Friday at the
very ,latcst They, say these .. Soulliern
gentlemen, who. have niggers to do their
work and make their money for them can
easily . afford- to stay two wcekB, but as
for us who have to do our own work and
earn our own Jiving, 'we must be about it
yet they desire to settle the position of
the party, on the Slavely. question before
leaving ,. "ind will try, to' have it brought
up1 on Monday m' the .Council by an ad
vance, report on "that subject . from the
Committee..!, , :, , c -lZ.s
; :. In the election of the Rev. Mr, Rugg
of -.the Massachusetts delegation as Chap
lain of, the. Grand Council,' the TJnion re
ceived a terrible shock, and all the more
severe that nobody was forewarned of it.
Mr. Rugg is a IJniversalist in his theology,
Vid as all Massachusetts men are account
ed ? Abolitionists over . the line, ; (always
excepting "A,; B.;Ely,) why,;he is a Uui
versalist; Abolitionist.--So .soon as this
4publyrdammedA,fact . was ; noised about
horror and indignation were depicted upon
the- faces of the Southern : chivalry, It
wfis. ppsitively: refreshing to, see how .the
religious principle or tne boutnern mem
bers was shocked at the idea of. having a
Universalist to pray , for them.; Even
drinking and swearing were interrupted
whila- -this new" danger to the Union jm
pended. Massachusetts -was beseeched,
tormented, to take away ; this -bitterness
Bhe consented, and
for once saved the Union ;from. going to
asb; -.-The ReyRugg resigned, ; and
the drinking and swearing were resumed
Andcthnthe' chance- pt wpeating such a
shock to. theIinipn and the reugious Ben
sitiyeness" pf;tbe 'Iaye., Oligarchy might
be avoided, it was. concluded to; dispense
with a: Jf stated 'J Chaplaincy in future,
Monday, June II, 1855.
fcZEhe'X'ommlttee: onResolutions report
ed to the Council this afternoon the fol
lowing Resolutions" 'on Slavery?. ' T '-
i Resolved. That the American-.' party.
havingHiriseii Upon -theruins -and in pite
pf the -opposition of the TThig and Dem-
bc'ratieparties -cannot be; held in- any
manheF responsible fbr-the obnoxious acts
briofated--pledges of either; ' that the
systematid agitation ' ofthe Slavery iues
tion by those parties has elevated section
al hostility into -f positive element" of po
litical pOT-erjamilarought ourlnstatntions
into neriLI Iltlias' therefore,:becorae-the
imperative duty of theULmerican party .to
J interpose, fqr the purpose of giving peace
lOTUB COUBiry UUU pcipcvuitj iu vug vuiuu.
That as eiperiejice has shown it is imposj-,
sible to reconcile) 6pinionH. so:xtTemeas
2? ecme4 u fae. best guarantee,, 9, cpmrapn
ana mamiam xnc exisiuig inwa m'uuuv.
subject of Slavery, as a final and conclu
sive. set;tlement of that subject in spirit
and in i substance. , f ; .
Resolved, That regarding it the highest
duty to avow these opinions upon a sub
ject so Important, in'dfstirict and unequiv
ocal terras, if is hereby declared as the
sense of this National Council, that Con
gress possesses no power under the Con
stitution to legislate upon the subject of
Slavery- in the States, or to exclude any
State from admission into the Union be
cause her Constitution does or does not
recognize the Institution of Slavery as a
part of her social system, and expressly
permitting any expressions of opinion
upon the power of Congress to establish
or prohibit Slavery in any Territory. It
is the sense of this National Council that
Congress ought not "to legislate upon the
subject of Slavery within the Territories
of the United States, and that any intcr-
erence of Congress with Slavery as it
exists in the District of Columbia would
be a violation of the spirit and intention
of the compact by which the State of
Maryland ceded the District to the United
States, and a breach of the National
The majority report having been read
a minority, report was submitted, it is as
liesolved, That the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise was an infraction of the
plighted faith of the Nation, and that it
should be restored, and if efforts to that
end shall fail, Congress should refuse to
admit any State tolerating Slavery which
shall be formed out of any portion of the
Territory from which that Institution was
excluded by that Compromise.
The. 1 Of o'clock, Council is still in ses
sion: - - A dull discussion is going: on, on
resoTiitlons 'other than those relating. to
Slavery. These are unobjectionable, and
meet no very serious opposition. " Slavery
will oc np again and more - directly to
morrow. A great debate is - expected
The' South show indications of wavering.
They never found the North so dctcrmin
cd and bold before.
; Tlkspat, June 12, 1855.
The debate on .Slavery has raged all
day with great vehemence. On the part
of the South it has been conducted with
much fearlessness ,and power. " Foster and
Wilson of Massachusetts, and . Ford, of
Ohio,, have made . magnificent speeches,
showing the impossibility of union on the
majority resolutions, denouncing the. re
peal of the Missouri . Compromise and
demanding its restoration. The N. Y.
Delegates have been riddled fore and aft
for their doughfrccism. The South is
cowed completely, and the doughfaces arc
thinning out - wonderfully. Men here are
beginning to find out that the North are
in earnest.. Seymour of New. York has
deserted his associates and come on to the
restoration platform. Pennsylvania has
seen new light, and says she can be saved
only on that platform. Foster's speech
was admirable. '.Wilson came down with
crushing force on the New Yorkers, and
Ford swept the field. Richmond of Mas
sachusetts, Cumback of Indiana, Barker
of New York and Cunningham of . South
Carolina, have been r among, the other
speakers. "Kenneth Raynor has felt stif
fened " up " by a dispatch from a reliable
riend. in New York, r saying .that not a
single Free State can be carried on the
majority platform.'. The " South are. on
their knees asking for a compromise. It
is impossible to describe the effect of the
day's debate. ' The talk of the North has
been of the plainest and most ' vigorous
sort.'.' :". " .., :". ' "; " '"
A third session has just commenced,
and the debate goes on. . "' ... '. .
Ten O'clock, P. M. The Council is
still discussing the Slavery question.' Ma
ny delegates yet desireto speak!. Sperry
of Connecticut spoke well to-night, "de
nying the spinal complaint and demand
ing the restoration Tor Kansas as the least
concesssion to Connecticut. Kenneth Ray-
ner created a great storm J- among the
Southern members to-day by declaring the
repeal of the Missouri Compromise not
only uncalled for, but an outrage. ' The
question will be reached to-morrow. . The
probability is that both the majority and
minority resolutions will be rejected, and
milk and water attempted.
The reports which prevailed this after
noon, that a portion of the members of the
Convention had seceded,! and' that there
was a prospect of the Convention break
ing up in a r, row, is contradicted. , . The
Slavery debate was not resumed, the Con
vention being engaged in discussing the
naturalization 1 laws-spending " which the
Platform Committee made their final re
port, -which was laid, on" the table, and
will not be taken up until the naturaliza
tion question is settled, 'r .' .
:" ; ' "X : : FKiDAt;cJune 15, 1855. '
The Know Nothing platform published
embraces the majority resolutions on slave
ry; declare that the 4 principles bfthe or
der are henceforth' to be openly 'avowed;
members are at liberty to declare member
ship, and there is to be no concealment
in regard to places of meeting.
-The Boston seceding delegates return
ed home' The' delegates from the free
States . recommended concentrate action
in the present crisis of affairs. ,. '
- " ' y'.i-'
" Revolution in Northern Mexico!.
New Orleans, June, 8.
By an: arrival from' -Corpus" Christi we
have intelligence of aU -outbreak at-Los
passas, in Northern Mexico, in consequence
of an arrival of an emissary from .'Santa
Anna, fwijli orders ,ip.-arrest: :and sjioot
some leading citizens of Xiospassas. :!
The whelecpuutry. is unjierarms, ind
an attempt; would be made; to take .Mpn
tercy.'.., '.: w-,-"- -':-i'r-Vs ?
TlmiGoveroor of Ncuva Leon had fled
to jutamoras. ... u
i Advices of the 12th savs a Dronuncia-
mento had. b?en issued insaji, Luis-t'ptosi.
j iCTinsreppedta ..the
y For the Spirit of Democracy.
Mr. Editor : In your paper of the
3d inst. is an editorial, stating that a yoke
of oxen was sold in Perry township for
$161. Now, sir, Perry is. still behind.
Mr. Bethel Bates, near Calais, sold, last
week, one yoke of oxen for $171,50; also
one ox for $94,25. Doctor Stout, of Ca-
ais, sold a mare a few. days ago, for the
snug sum ot two nundrat- dollars. So,
Mr. Editor, you may set Seneca down as
being ahead for good stock. ' .
Yours, &c. A SUBSCRIBER.
The Duel in Canada.
The duel between Breckenridge and
Leavenworth continues to be the topic of
most interest now in New York. The
The duel took place on Thursday last,
in the vicinity of Niagara Falls, on the
Canada side of the river. The distance
at which' it had been determined the par
ties should fight was only ten paces, indi
cating a feeling of mortal hostility be
tween them. The weapons were pistols:
the men were placed. Both fired promptly
at the word, and both : were hit. Each
combatant aimed downward, which is not
an unusual thing among experienced du
Mr. Leavenworth was struck in the
right thigh, which the bullet pierced, and
as a surgical operation afterward proved,
lodged in the bone of the left thigh, in
flicting a very severe, though probably not
a mortal wound. Mr. Breckenridge was
shot through the calf of the right leg, the
ball passing clean out, without severely in
juring any blood vessel or important mus-
ele. Leavenworth instantly fell, and Breck
enridge having ascertained that his adver
sary was not killed, at once left the field.
regained the American shore, and took the
first train to New York,- and by traveling
all night, arrived here Thursday morning,
lie did not, however, deem it prudent to
remain in Isew lork, but at once left,
Mr. -Leavenworth, on account of his
wounds, could not be i'ayeA to anv dis
in , , I 3
ittu.u. lift was QP.trr''...,rr1i' tol-nn
the house nearest to' the scene of the duel,
and there he now remains. Mr! Pendle
ton, his second, and Dr. Chetwood and
his father and mother are with him.
' Mr. Breckenridge is said to be a son
of the Rev. Dr. Breckenridge, formerly of
this city, but now of Kentucky, and a
young" lawyer of fine promise, with a large
practice among the New York merchants.
Letter from Kossuth.
The following is' an extract from
New York Times, lie says:
"However, for the first time since the
war has begun, I really expect great fight
ing in the Crimea. This time the allies
are already some 240,000 stroug. They
can't be kept inactive on that narrow patch
of ground they arc in; and from what I
know of Pelissier, he cannot be denied
enterprising energy. If, on the one hand,
the military operations of the allies up to
! . -a .- . .
inis moment nave been nothing but a vast
blunder from the very beginning, of which
the last school boy had to feel ashamed;
on the other hand, the stupidity of Rus
sia surpasses imagination likewise. If it
was ridiculous to see the allies expecting
tnat the entrenched camp of Sebastopol
would fall at the bonfire of their mortars,
like Jericho at Joshua's trumpet Bouill
on the other hand, T wonder whether the
Czar has not confidently expected that St.
Nicholas will kindly condescend to raise
a hurricane and sweep all the French and
English, with Omar Pacha to boot, into
the sea; . or else it is not to be accounted
for that hd should have quietly waited till
they grow too strong for him, without ei
ther attacking them, or, at least, bringing
adequate rc-inforcements to that field,
which, provided he takes care to maintain
his superiority in numbers, is certainly the
most favorable that he could have chosen.
However it strikes me that the Cabinet
of St. Petersburg has fallen in the error
of giving greater credit for manly resolu
tion to Bonaparte and Palmerston than
they'deserve. The Czar, perfectly aware
of the fact that Poland is his vulnerable
side, concentrated mighty forces there. He
was foolish enough to think that the am
bition of victory might overrule the anti-r
national leanings of these men here, and
so, really thinking an attack in. Poland
possible, there he prepared for defense.
Some two hundred and fifty thousand men
are loitering idly in Poland. And thus,
relying too much on Todtleben's fortifica
tory ability at Sebastopol, he neglected the
Crimea' Now Sebastopol is certainly im
pregnable as long" as it can maintain its
character of an entrenched camp, defend
ed, not Dy a garrison, out ay an army,
which makes it sure from being invested.
But in my opinion, Pelissier, haying how
two hundred and forty thousand men, will
attack that army out of Sebastopol, m the
field, and there, with equal numbers, he
may reasonably rely on success.'? . '
Extensive Fires in Massachusetts.
The Springfield Republican of yesterday
has the following: :
Fires have been ' sweepmtr over the
woods- in Montpelier, Duxbury, Braintree,
Woodbury, St. Johnsburyand other places
in" Vermont not before enumerated.
A whole " neighborhood in the central
part of Woodbury has been devastated,
and the lestrovinjr element was not ar
rested until six dwellinsr houses, with their
barns- and " other outbuildings, were re
duced to ashes. In Duxbury, a house, t
saw-mill,-and a: large 'quantity of lumber
were destroyed. ' At Bradley Vale exten
sive fields of grain have been ruined. At
Florenee.' New Hampshire, one thousand
acres of woodland belonging to J. Phelps,
have been swept over; at Rumney, in the
same s tat o, a saw-mill and barn, and at
Warren, the dwelling house of Col. Lane
wereTiolved in the surrounding confla-
eTfttion. i -. The i firn ' has also swept over
aigeJLracka 'in, thev icinity of -N ashua.
r, CpNCoaix June- -IZ, rThc American
caucus last night nominated James -.Bell
for.the lans terW- and-Joha P. Hale for
the rshorf.tcrw.'r They were elected TT. S
Senators, tis airernoon. , , ., u
Th9 True Cause of Canrobert's Re
signation. The European Times of the 2Gth thus
discusses the true cause of Canrobert's "re
signation:". We announced last week the resijrna-
tion of General Canrobert and the appoint
ment of General Pelissier as his successor.
The cause of the change was the alleged
ill-health of the first-named officer; but it
required little sagacity to see that there
was some reason other than the one assign
ed, and it is now generally understood in
this country and m France that the transfer
of the chief command arose from the Em
peror's dissatisfaction with Marshal St.
Arnaud's successor. Canrobert is brave
to a fault, but personal courage in a com
mander is subsidiary to higher and rarer
qualifications. When a man falls into
disgrace his defects, whatever they be. are,
it must be confessed, rarely understated,
and it is now declared, on what seems to
be reliable authority, that General Can
robert is deficient in the capacity to plan
those great military designs which consti
tute what ia called genius, and .without
which no man can become a really great
It is asserted, moreover, that he is vacil
lating a fatal defect in a man at the head
of a army; and that having made up his
mind to a certain course of operations, he
will abandon it just at the point of execu
tion. If these defects of character exist,
the Emperor of the French would appear
to nave taken considerable time to discov
er them; but the truth is, that the absense
of success is always fatal to a soldier's
prestige, and since the opening of the cam
paign in the Crimea, with the exception of
the three great battles which inaugurated it
nothing has been done to satisfy the mili
tary ambition of our impetuous neighbors.
if aJl the accounts which hail the instal
lation of the commander are correct, Gen
eral Pelissier possesses every, qualificitidn
wluca. las pwiCcessor wanted teat
lstratcS;c Powers craniate tact, vigor of
1 character, and an iron will, which nothing
character, and an iron will, which nothing
can turn from its purpose.
Both soldiers learned the trade of war in
Algeria, and Pelissier has left behind him
some not very pleasant reminiscences con
nected with the caves of Dahra, when he
'smoked' a number of Arabs chiefs . and
their families, who prefered suffocation to
capture. Even this incident which docs
not speak favorable for the humanity of
the new commander, has been toned down
in its hasher features since he has assumed
the command-in-chief of the French forces
in the Crimea. What is more to be sup
posed is, that he is the , favorite of the
army; that they have faith in his talents;
and that, in Paris, his elevation is regard
ed as a new chapter in the history of the
war. We sincerely hope for the sake of
the common cause, that these prognostics
will be speedily realized, for it is certainly
time that something on a great scale should
be carried out at the place of conflict.
Atmospherical Effects of the Canonade
at SebastopoL ''
A correspondent of the Post states that
a French savant ascribes the unusual rains
and atmospherical disturbances oyer a
great part of Europe to the prelonged and
terrible canonade in the Crimea. It is a
little curious that we heard some days ago
a discussion on the same topic here bv
some scientific gentleman, and it was ob
served that the fact was strictly in accord-
dance with the theory of Professor Espy,
and was assented to by Araco and some
of the most accurate meteorologists in Lu
The canonade at Sebastopol was suc-
seeded, as late accounts showby profuse
rains, which filled the trenches, and the
same influence extended over regions thou
sands of miles distant. But it was rather
in reference to the late violent whirlwinds
and tornadoes in various parts of the world
that the master was here discussedand it
wa3 admitted that the concussion of so
continuous and prodiirious a detonation
lad also an immense effect upon the great
serial circulation. Much, however, may
be due to the action of liberated caloric
rom the flames of the multitudinous dis
charges of heavy cannon, as well as to the
interfusion of extraneous gasses with 'the
atmosphere. , This famous siege of Sebas
topol promises to be subject of interest to
men of science as well as to men of. war.
In a conversation with some gentlemen
attached to the Navy, we were informed
that during the Mexican war, when a large
number of armed ships arrived at about
the same time at the Pensacola navy yard,
their continued firing as each came . into
the harbor was succeeded by a tremendous
whirlwind, which did much damage. ; We
commend this fact to tho attention of
Lieut.Maury, whose particular business
it is to look after the winds and the cours
es of the winds. Boston Courier.
A Big Split.
Two calls 'have been issued by certain
parties in Hamilton county for county
meetings to appoint delegates to the Con
vention of the 13 th proximo. . One is
signed mostly by old members of the
Whig party, the other by rreesoilers to
about .equal number one, the first is to
meet at -Mount Pleasant, the other at
Greenwood Hall. So there will be two
sets of delegates from Hamilton county,
one Know Nothing, the other anti-Know
Nothing. Which will be admitted? Will
our neighbor favo.r us with his opinion as
to the probable issue of this division
among the enemies ; of the "bloody Lo-cofoco-Slave-Democracy?"
Is this : one
of the fruits of that wonderfully harmo
nious Council of, Cleveland? Statesman.
Fathee Mathiw.- Letters received in
Baltimore from Madeira, state that , the
health of Father Mathew had very much
improved since his arrival at that Island.
It will be remembered that spme.time. since,
Father M. was' attacked with" paralysis,
depriving him almost of the use of his voice,
and the few months that he has been ena
bled to rest from Ms labors in that "genial
clime has nearly' restored him. to health,
Father Mathew 'expected to I eayeMadeira
for England, m thQ month ot, uay. ;;)
Settlers for Kansas.
Various stratagems have been resorted
to this season to discourage emigration
from the northern States to Kansas. We
were first told that the cholera prevailed
in that territory to an alarming extent,
and that it had proved unusually fatal to
emigrants just arrived from , the -east.
This was likely, and plainly designed, to
keep back the tide of. migration from the
north. Yet after weeks of waiting we
find no confirmation of the reports in re
gard to the . cholera. Some cases have
occurred there as well as elsewhere, but it
has not assumed a dangerous form.
We were next told that there was a
scarcity of food in Kansas, . and, great
danger of starvation before harvest. Yet
food is dearer in New York than in. Kan
sas to-day. Steamers plying on the Mis
souri river can carry provisions to Kansas
at moderate cost; and then settlers are
doubtless as well supplied there, and sub
jected to as few hardships and inconve
niences, as in almost every new region,
when first opened to settlement. ;
N orthern people disposed to migrate
to Kansas are continually warned against
the perils they have to encounter from
armed and reckless Missourians. Even
free soil papers assure them that they will
go there at the peril of their lives. Yet
the only violent death of which we are
yet informed is that of Clark, a pro-slavery
Missourian by M'Crea, a northern free
soiler. Outrages have been committed
by the Missourians; but the Missourians
themselves are the most zealous in circu
lating reports of their own violence
throughout the north. It is a means of
discouraging northern migration to Kan
We are next informed that a pro-slave'
ry' legislature is elected in that territory:
and such is the fact. But the legislature
now elected will not frame the constitution
i of the new State. The ; popular voice
will be - heard in . time to determine the
question of future slavery; or freedom in
Kansas. ... - - : y- ' '-. :..-..."
Now, all this alarming intelligence from
Kansas within the last few months is ex
actly what the friends of slavery wish
widely circulated at the north and east
and unfortunately it may: have, to some
extent accomplished their purpose.s Let
fair means be employed on both sides and
the first constitution of Kansas will repu
diate slavery. . But, .with unfair means
employed on one side, and needless alarms
indulged .on' the other, a different result
may possibly be seen for a time. . From
reliable information yet received northern
men may migrate to Kansas with entire
safety; and find there no hardships or
perils at which northern tfihood Ahould
tremble; or which will not ?w found every
where incident to pioneer life. : And in
no new territory yet opened for settlement
can the industrious and enterprising emi
grant hnd more attractions, and more
ehances of thrift . and : prosperity. ; ; AH
accounts agree that its soil is generally
unsurpassed in fertility, : its climate mild
and healthy like that of southern Penn
sylvania; and its borders and first settle
ments are as easily and cheaply accessi
ble now from the north and east as Iowa
was ten years ago. It lies along the
great route, too, between the eastern and
western coasts of the continent; and will
probably, be traversed and developed by
railroads at an earlier date from its first
organization than any other new State or
territory of the ; west- The great over
land route from the States to Utah, Cali
fornia, Oregon and Washington, traverse
Kansas for several hundred miles. " A
strong military force is already assembled
there for the ' protection of the settlers
against the Indians, and for the preserva
tion of ordei In the territory. None but
the violent portion of the Missourians
express any doubts- of the wisdom, firm
ness and integrity of Governor Reeder,
and they only because they suspect him
of favoring the cause of. freedom in the
territory. . So far as yet appears he fa
vors ho cause but that of equal justice
to all parties,- and a calm and undisturbed
expression of the will of the people.
That is his whole duty, and none can
properly ask more of him,
We can see no cause then to discour
age migration to Kansas from the North
ern States, whatever views may be enter
tained on the subject of slavery. . It is
open and' free "to all who go peaceably
but fearlessly into a land of rich promise,
that will yet be a great and free and weal
thy State. The sneers at "squatter sov
ereignty," the abolition alarms about the
fire eating slaveholders, the cry of .chol
era, famine, Indian wars, and slave labor,
will deter no true man of. the north from
asserting his common right in the soil of
Kansas, and planting his home upon us
wide-stretching and fertile plains. Pitts
burgh Post. .. ... -. ' :.-; ' ' "
Mexico Aid for Alvarez.
Acapulco, May 22.
The schooner Bustamente, from New
York, arrived out in ninety-three days and
discharged her cargo of arms and ammu
nition in good order. It is said to have
consisted of twelve brass howitzers '.with
shell and canister and equipment" com
plete. These will be carried, over to the
mountains, and are light, so as to enable
fiinr men to carry one howitzer on their
shoulders lashed to a pole. A shell ex
ploding among the mountain valleys be
tween here and Mexico, will wake up
snakes as well as Indians. There is also
. Tor. of 200 rifles, which as flint rifles
were used by Uncle Sam's troops once,
Thev are altered to percussion, and have
an enormous quantity of cartridge' with
the Minie ball as an accompaniment.
There are "besides 4,000 ; mnskets, with
sabres; a few Colt's revolvers, and general!
cam equipage to complete the cargo
This aid has put Alvarez and his party in
high spirits and will place his army on
footing to successfully 'push:on; agains
Santa Anna, and the City of jMexico.:-
The Bustamente discharged.; her cargo; in
the harbor of , where she was or
dered fromNewYrki anticipating;, that
this port would blunder ft itlpcjtf.de
J?. Y. Tribune. svftru '
4 The Arrison CaaeV
In the -District Court of Cincinnati.
Judge Bartley presiding, the writ of error
in the case of -the State of Ohio to. Wil
liam H. Arrison, was brought np jester . -
The Court reviewed in their order'rthe
nine, several points in , which error
claimed. ! The first eight points the Court .
thought furnished no ground of error. -
Un the 9th point: that Judge Flinn
had erred in his charge to the jury the
Court found sufficient ground for: a new
trial. r Judge Flinn had stated to the jury,
'If you find the defendant guilty yoa must
find him guilty of murder in the first de
lrcc ..... . - w.. -y.
This court was unanimously of opinion
that there was error in the charge, and :
that it would be wrong to permit so glar
ing an oversight or error to pass. The
case would, therefore be remanded to the
Court of Common Pleas for anew trial.
The caseas it now stands, is an anom
alous one. 'In consequence of this;' order
remanding it to the Court of " Common'
Pleas, it cannot go back to the. Criminal
Court, even should that be finally decided
still in being. The act of the Legislature -transferring
the business of the Criminal
Court, to the Court of Common. Pleas is
so defective that it may Jbe declared to be
inoperative, or entirely , null and void, and .
if so, Arrison cannot be tried - by- that
court.. So the case may be etirely out
of jurisdictoin of any TVavaaiL-Oitji Fact.
Xo! the Poor Indian! ' -We
copy the i .following - from, the Ne
braskian of the 23d ult., a weekly paper
published at Omaha city : y "'
"The Omaha Indians, accompanied by
the agent, Major Hepner, are now being
removed to their new homes, a short dis
tance north of Black Bird Hills, where
some years ago was buried a distinguished
chief of their tribe, from whom the place
takes its name.' - On their arrival at the
place of their destination, their annuities
are to be paid them from the United States
government, amounting- to $20,0(Mf.-?sv
The Omahas left then, late Tillage,
about ;l 1 miles south7 of this cityi .on Sat
urday morning last. ' Although they were -c
willing to depart, yeton; Uking' a 'uual
eave or their former homes, and the graves .
of their relatives and friends so soon to
be desecrated to the white man's plow-
the women and the old men wept, and even .
the stout-hearted warriors evinced that they -
were not strangers to emotions of. tender
ness and affection, which their stern coun
tenances, as savage as they may sometimes
appear, could but Uly conceal. vi-tii '.-,'
This tribe now numbers only eight
hundred and five-'-men, women and chil-
dren, all told and can only muster about
two hundred warriors, or men able to bear
arms. We are informed that ten years
ago the Ohamas numbered sixteen-hun
dred twice their, present , Btrength but
war, disease and whiskey have swept them
thus rapidly.M . .; '.zx'.&k,
The Cholera at Kew Orleans.
At a meeting of the Board of Health ,
of the State of Louisiana, held May 30,
the following resolution was passed, ; de
claring the Cholera an . epidemic in this
city : . -;;.;.: ';.'.''':':;
Resolved, That the Board of Health no
tifies the public through the Press of the
city, of the existence of epidemic Cholera -in
our .midst; and that it recommends , to
all persons the observance of precaution
ary measures against the attacks of the
disease mentioned. v ; " : "'. - -
The Board also called upon' the Coun
cil to appoint a Health Ofiacer for the city,
but at the meeting of our Know Nothing
and do nothing Aldermen, they postponed
the consideration' of the subject forone
week- ' ... ' ... ' : i -.-; ... .
J We liear of heavy rams above us. amd
hope our turn will come soon. The report
of the Charity hospital this ..week shows .
no increase of deaths. : The disease soon
runs its course,' and does not permit of p ,
tients being removed to a. hospital...-:. .t
Our streets are as dirty as ever, and np
doubt will remain so.
From S.' America. The steamer Illi
nois brings full files of papers from ' the
Southern coast, but they contain nothing
of interest, beyond the following:'' .
Lima has lately been in quite a ferment
iu consequence of the prospect! :of ( imme
diate trouble between Peru and. her-next
neighbor, Ecuador ' General Florei'the
inglorious hero of the expedition against
Ecuador in 1 85 2, is now in Limand it
is said is actively engaged to' maturmg
his plans for another campaign; ;J. It is
more than suspected that he Ts ' endeavor
ing to secure the aid of the. Peruvian gov
ernment in his behalflv : V1"" : -
Be this as it may his presence in lima .
was regarded by the Ecuadorian." minister
as an insult to the government and lie mk
cordingly addressed a letter to the nunis-
ter of Foreign aoairs, asking that? it lores
should be immediately expelled from Peru,
m accordance with a treaty existing De
tween the twP countries. This 'wM e
clined an the part of Peruvian government;
whereupon the Jficuadonan minister, ae
manded and received his passports and,
left for home on the last steamer 1 "r'A '
A. Buijlet-Proof CkUCT--Queea VUs
toria's stage coach -is buDet-prpoC-jaiii
the glass of the windows is six inches
thick. ; When George IV. was' fired'iftt;
the glass was only broken by the tlL-
In this coach, for sonic ; reason, and not,'
as had been expected.-. in , an" bpeni-oav
Louis Napoleon piw.-rded on his late, vis-:
it to Guildhall, to rKVive ? the address of
the corporation bf -London. . ,sf
. -.i'l.. ". ' mju - 1 f, ,; J-j i..c4
Coming Electioxs. The Stateq.ofAK 'r
abama, Aakansas, Iowa, Kentuckyt7JSs-
spuri, - and Texas, hold; .t-their.o eleetiosS'
on the first Monday,in August. ;Tennes-
see -on. the first, .Thursday otj thesaBev
month. ; i On the second. Monday -ia p
tember,, the election Ju Maine cpurait4
that of XontiOn ihe lUrstiTuesfyi
he am. -mpu;- 41 'fn&'Jfoi'-v
?Nkw ORijEAKS," June T2Teatln U'?t,
'' . ' "
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