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The spirit of democracy. [volume] (Woodsfield, Ohio) 1844-1994, July 04, 1855, Image 1

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iimiig' ttospaper-iiiit to :)olitks, Jrowtfln aub domestic Ittos, I'ltfraturc, irts anb Sciences, Cshrcafton; jBarjf.
JAMES RrMORRIS, Mlisher and Proprietor.
TERMS i$l,50 pex Ammi in Admccct
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:K'-? ' VWritten at my Mother's Grave.
The trembling dew-drops fall '
Upon the shutting flowers, like souls at rest,
The stars shine gloriouslynd all - - --
1 -i t.. Save me are blest.? v : :
Mother, I lore thy grave! - ' . ,
The violet, with, its blossoms blue and mild; .
Waves o'er thy head ; when shall it wave
s i j' ? ' Above thy child r : i
, LsK .V-'. -5-'.' -. : l:v ::-.:-: -:x
Tis a sweet flower yet must -. 1 1 . .,
Its bright leaves to the coming tempest blow f
Dear mother. 'tis thy emblem dust "
-T v' - ia on thy brow. ' '
And I could love to die
To leave untasted life's dark, bitter stream -By
the, as erst in childhood, lie
t ' And share thy dreams.
2ii"VjV- u?i "3 i-dl i. t .-'(V
(, , And must I linger here, . - .
, To stain the plumage of my sinless years, . -;
X'And mourn the hopes of childhood dear ' ,
X'With bitter tears T ? n j :. - '
V , Ah, must I linger here, . x,: ,
7 -A lonely branch upon a withered tree, ' '. '
Whose last frail leaf, untimely sear, ''"
o P WeM down with thee I - ; , . '.
jr- ij.VI xruiu uien wuuonug minor, ; ,
In still communion with the past, I turn .
. And muse on thee, the only flower
:" In memory's urn. i -' X - r' - '
rcf. hsi:. f.y,yfrtr.;i
And when the evening pale, , ,
Bows like a. mourner on the dim blue wave,
I stray to hear the night winds wail
-'i? ' Around thy grave.- - : VJ-" "
11, . -tr..' ,-. j : ..'--I.- .
-. Where is thy spirit flown 1 -. . v-.v-
gaze above thy look is imaged there -.
I listen- and thy gentle tone
Is iti the air. '-.
:.i : 1
.fr k Oh, come whilst here I press ;
v j lfy brow upon thy grave, and in those
' And thrilling tone' of tenderness, ' '
Bless, bless thy child 1 7
.O KxTes, bless thy weeping child, .. . :
i. And o'er thine urn, religion's shrine,
r," Oh, give his spirits undefiledj''
51 " To blend with thine. : ; t " ' -
I i. . I
.From Graham's Magazine.'
" 'The tropical heat of noon was over, but
jJGut air was still snltry.and oppressive. A
.jlight breeze ha4 indeed sprung, up, but
ctoo, langpid.to raise . the -heads, of i the
drooping flowers, it only whispered to"
jthem, perchance, in praise df their luxnri
ous grace,- and then died again into : still
nea's. ;::;:'. ;:" ' Lv '
There was but one moving figure to be
' aeen,' and' it ill accorded with the desolate
character of the landscape, for Lucille, the
Quadroon girl, was very beautiful, and,
clad in the brilliunt hues which so well be-
came her,' seemed to tread the lonely path
"'Tby the light of her own loveliness.. V,
. " r"It was indeed a dreary, scene, for she
was, approaching one of those extinct vol
' canoes with which the island of Martin
'Mque abounds,' and the rugged ground was
'seared and darkened by the hot breath
which had passed over it. -. ' Here and there
fT' the i masses of gray stone were clothed with
the' exuberant vegetation of that glowing
climate, but for the most part all was bare
" and black, as though' some ancient curse
, "rested upon the spot, and chilled the gen
tv'erous hand of nature.' ' '
Lucille seemed little to heed the scene;
, .her large eyes, dark as night, and swim
ining in liquid lustre, were1 sadly gazing
earthward, and her . smalT head set so
proudly on ; the column-like" throat, was
' bent dejectedly: Occasionally she raised
"lt "to 'reconnoitre', and at last a gleam of
; pleasure and recognition shot across her
" face. A stranger would neverbave dreamed
of human habitation in tiiat wild spot, but
IiUcille's eyes sought out a dark hollow in
the.Vock," and already distinguished within
it the stooping form of an Taged woman.'
; Ai ibe approached, her 6tep quickened.
' and at last,' seemingly in unconquerable
fl; impatience,' she darted forward into the
' k WhaV Lucille' ! and hast thou come
''fat last?" said the' old woman, "and will
'Bought but' sorrow ever bring thee tofmy
"side?. Kay,' deny it not,there 'aretears
In thy neart hanging like thunder-rain in
; the heavens; and see,! the first touch of
my liand has brought the torrent downl"
was wue. ljnciue naa flung herself to
jjmio uuuu iu no. Bgunr 91 tears, ine yio
'.jeKCe c( ber. sobs .shaking ' down her' hair
"jxdto, V wilderness, -'of. darkness round her
peSihed shoulders. ";tyery soon,' however,
.likcthe. "storm-drops , tg i 'which the old
. crone had compared them,' the largetears
-'-". J -it i . A ij .1.. j' -'-
, ceaseaio nyw. suu sue luuneu up. '
t 'i Jfother, ;you,- are right,", she iaid;
whether Jbj'jtet power of 'that .dark art
which; ia8c')rouj':o whether.' ly
the love you bear . me," I know "not; but
you read clearlyaft. ever J;he."secret'of 'myl
tteatt,-aod I dare not,, if I would, deny it';
yxiV'Uatnel has deserted tbee;V 1&. t
so f;It;i soi mother, but phi tell me, telj
armeat' least that his heart U still jny own,
e that he has striven to free it, but cannot.'.'
v,.i' Locflle, canst thou bear it? I can tell
iii&ee .lomewbat,- ii;rjii. "'.r3-.r .
tfiiftfw Ohl mother, there is nothing I could
not bear if only he love me jitill-irdid I
- not tell you long since, .when first. I. bent
over him in that wild fever, that ; I could
die content, nay, that I could live and see
his face no more, if but once I heard him
say that he loved me?!V V I -
"And thou hadst that wish."
." Yes! dear mother, you foretold that I
should live to hear those precious words,
and I did." .
"No great wisdom was needed for that
propecy, chad," rejoined the other, with a
fondness of tone that came strangely from
her thin, withered lips. "Even now, I
marvel as I see thee, that he could ever
gaze enough on those eyes of thine."
: Hush! mother, hush!" said Lucilla, im
patiently snatching away a silken lock
which the old woman was smoothing over
her fingers; "you said yoa had somewhat
to tell me; conceal it not, if it concern
him or his."
" Thine own fears have sufficiently fore
warned thee, my child." The girl hid her
face in her loosened hair. " He will mar
ry!'.' she whispered at last, as if afraid to
give voice: to the words, i flint mother.
may he not love me still? Oh ! the white
woman's eyes may be blue as our summer
heavens, ..but will .6he love him as I have
done?.. wilL her pale cheek burn as mine,
at the sound of his footstep? .will she toil
for him through the heat of noon, and
watch through the silence of night?" Lu
cille raised not her head, and her compan
ion, in compassion as it seemed, broke the
pause. t . . 'r:-...-. -i ' :.:,.,..,"..:';
V'Mj child,, he; may love thee yet.',
' ."Oh! thanks, mother, thanks, your words
are ever true uow will I cast off the self
ishness of this Borrow, and, if only he will
sometimes say that he loves me still, .be
happy as of old." She sprang lightly to
her feet, and began to wind her scattered
hair around her beautiful head. , ;
"Lucille, what of thy child? he is wont
so to fill thy talk, and to-day thou hast
told me nothing of him." -;
. There was; alas! no shadow of shame
on the young girl's cheek, as she answered,
He is. well, mother, and fairer than ever;
you say that my skin bears scarcely a trace
of the swarthy hue of our people, but his
oh! ,it is purer than moonlight, our
darkness has ' all fled into his eyes! I
would that they had been blue, but he has
at least his father's rosy month, and clus
tering golden hair. ; Did I tell you, moth
er, that when ' last Gabriel saw him, he
wept?",. . i .. v
Thou didst not, child. I am glad for
thy sake that the babe is so fair, perchance
even yet he may save thee, or even if Ga
briel wed this Madelaine de Beaucour, who
is doomed by some fate or other to cross
thy path in life, ' even hef heart may be
touched by. the beauty of this, child, and
knowing the wrongs of our race, she may
stoop to save htm from poverty and labor,
and set him' amongst his father's people;
Thou wouldst be a' happy, mother then,
Lucille!'!: "I know"not that I could take
aught from her hand,"" answered the girl,
proudly, looking unconsciously so majes:
tic in the queenliness of her beauty, that
her companion wondered for the hundredth
time how GabrielJDelacroix, even with his
pride of descent and -worldly ambition,
ebuld resist its influence.. . '
A moment's thought, however, and she
sighed deeply,. What availed the charm
of that mien, or the warmth of that heart?
Did a European ever wed with one of her
despised race? and was hot Madelaine de
Beaucoar, whose, name rumor had united
with that of Gabriel,' a daughter ' of the
wealthiest family of all their wealthy op
pressors? .; .'.."" ; ' ' , '. . ' 1 ,
' Lucille at that moment was saddened
by.no such sorrowful reflections, her elas
tic nature had already thrown' off for the
time the burden of her grief. Of her pov
erty Bhe thought ' little; flower-maker by
trade, she could always earn sufficiency by
the exercise other graceful art,: either
amongst the luxurious ladies of the island,
or by exporting her handiwork to Paris.
To her position, sanctioned, alas! by cus
tom amongst our race, there attached but
little idea of disgrace, and could she have
hoped to retain something, of her. lover's
affection, . and to bring, up her child in
greater ease and refinement than she had
known herself, she might yet have been
happy. "Mother,'! she said, after a paused
"it wonld relieve my heart . to Jook upon
tne oeauty ot. this white ; woman, Made
laine.- I know her father's chateau;. well;
I will take the boy in my arms, and if she
is alone, I will even speak to her, and hear
the voice that has charmed my Gabriel
She cannot see.the child unmoved for he
is fairer than the fairest babe ever cradled
beneath their rich roofs." . ,l
" Do as thon wilt, my Lucille,", replied
the old crone, fondly, ."and,'.' she added.
with a bitterness that seemed far better to
accord with her harsh features, "woe unto
ner and hers, if she show- thoe anght.of
tne overweening pride, of her people.".
iljt was a bright burning day, with scarce
ly a breath ofair stirringi' even through
ne cool jalousies of the Chateau Beaucpur,"
'"'The fair '.Madelaine lay languidly on a
Bofa,'.the 'delicacy, of her transparent skin.
enhanced bv the 'soft1; white drapery ind
rich'lace" in whicV she was robed: ' Th
room was partially darkened.' ;and on one
pidp'of ber,kuelt a. servant,' r who gently
agitated the ,air "with a krgc fan of beau-
iuuj eastern worKmanship, while, on the
other,;a young girl,' who , served . as com
panion 'to"the heiress,, was reading to her
the fast French novel.' " V "
paces from the house,- poor Lucille had
lain, crouching in the stifling heat, for ma
ny hours; anxiety to accomplish her ob
ject, and the fear of detection, having in
duced her to take up her station much
earlier than was necessary.
The excessive heat, and the want of
nourishment, had made her very faint,
though her child, whom she had fed and
rocked to sleep in her arms, lay still and
peaceful as a waxen image of infancy.
She had dressed herself with unusual
care, and bore, in a light basket on her
arm, some of the choicest specimens . of
her skill delicate, night-blossoming buds,
and gorgeous tropical flowers, imitated
with wonderful accuracy and grace.
At length her child awoke, and she be
gan to fear from his restlessness that she
should be obliged, for that day at least, to
give up her plan; when from the lofty door
of the chateau, Madelaine de Beaucour,
attended by a lady and gentleman, enter
ed the grounds. Lucille's eyes dilated,
and her bosom heaved; but no! it was not
he, she 'saw that at a glance, and her gaze
was again riveted on the lady. Something
like disdain flashed across ner Deautiiui
face as she looked,' and then faded into an
expression of relief and congratulation:
truth to tell, the lady, with all the adjuncts
ef weahh and luxury around her, could
not bear a moment's comparison with the
dark-eyed Quadroon, and Lucille felt this
Awhile she paused, irresolute,' then ca
resssing her child, slowly advanced, with
her stately tread, to Where Madelaine had
seated herself; but her tongue failed her,
and she could only Silently display her
gracefully-fashioned flowers.
' The lady looked on coldly, and made no
answer to her companion's warm :. com
ments on -the rare beauty of the' mother
and child. Her gaze was directed to the
proffered flower-basket, and after turning
over its contents with a careless hand, she
glanced at the Quadroon,
' il Your own work, I suppose? ' Ah! I
would have purchased some, for they are
really very well done, but you have nothing
all white, I see, and these gaudy colors
hardly suit my complexion.
Strange, is it not?" 6he ; continued,
turning languidly to her companion, "that
the absence of refinement in these people,
should be so perceptible even in their dress;
they .all prefer those glaring colors.",-.4
! " Nay," lie answered quickly, but with
as little care to subdue his. tones as she
had displayed, " if they have all the gor
geous beauty of this -splendid creature,
they should wear no other hues." ; -
"Lucille stood motionless, only her curl
ing lip betraying that she was conscious
of their words "Would, the white mag
nolia, or the silver lotus, please the lady
Madelaine?'.' she asked, in -her soft, rich
voice. '' : : , "
? "Yes; -either would do," replied the
lady. "You may make 'me a wreath of
the white magnolia, I think, and bring it
here by next week not later," she added,
with a half-smile, and waiving her hand in
token 'of dismissal. ' But the young girl
by her 6ide had started up" Ohl Mad
elaiue, the child, have you noticed it? I
never saw anything half so lovelyl ' What
magnificent eyes! May I not hold him a
moment," she continued, with a pretty be
seeching look at Lucille, and already ta
king one tiny hand in hers. 1 ,
' The mother's face softened, though she
held the boy yet closer to her bosom.
' Therese, Therese, of what are you
dreaming?" exclaimed Madelaine, angrily,
rising from her seat. " -" I - forbid you to
touch the child; every other girl, of com
mon modesty, shrinks from these low-born
creatures, and the offspring of their de
pravity;" and she swept haughtily into the
chateau with her companions, the abashed
girl givinga deprecating glance at Lucille.
The Quadroon followed Madelaine's re
treating steps with a look of fiery disdain;
and long after the party had disappeared,
still she stood, transfixed to the spot, ev
ery muscle quivering with suppressed an
ger:''' . . ,; :. : -
.Her boy's soft fingers wandering in won
der, over her averted face, recalled . her
thoughts, and she turned away with a step
of yet statelier pride than the lady,
' Through that night and the next, and
again the next, two women sat 1 together
in the cavern of the gray rock. Of nought
pure and holy was their talk; for as the
hours sped by, the beautiful face of the
younger woman was transformed to some
thing like the bitterness and "cruel rage of
the elder. , Her occupation accorded little
, with the expression of her features, for she
was skilfully fashioning into all but living
beauty, the snowy flowers and swelling
buds of the white magnolia. " '
' Are you sure that it cannot fail, moth
er?",,, she whispered,- after a long pause. :
As sure as that the sun will rise to
morrow.".. ," -" V.. .. ; .
" But, you have not tried it," she added,
hurriedly; with a creeping shudder.. ',
' ! For an answer the old crone-tottered
across the room; and uplifting the folds of
a bnght-bued shawl, which lay heaped up
on the floor, displayed the motionless form
of a small mountain goat. - It seemed to
have lain down and died there without a
struggle, so peaceful was its attitude, ' The
girl shuddered , violently as her companion
dragged ' the s body across the leave, and
precipitated it oyer the hill side.;4' J ;
J:$ou8m shall (livV'to' bear him,'?
muttered the old wopian7 fiercely, as she
took the wreath from the girl's hajwiithen
drawing a vial from her bosom, she poured
into each open cup and half-closed bud, a
few drops of clear white liquid.
The following day was one of rare fes
tivity at the Chateau Beaucour. A grand
fete, at which the heiress, in her bridal ar
ray, was to appear . for the last time as
Madelaine de Beaucour, had been planned;
for the next morning was to see her the
bride of Gabriel Delacroix. As she sat
in her chamber, robing for the ball, she
was told that a Quadroon girl waited
without, asking to see her.
" Ah! my white magnolia wreath," she
said, gayly, " 'twill be more becoming than
this tiara of pearls; bring the girl here,
Therese, quickly." Withher own hands,
Lucille placed the clustering flowers amid
the lady's hair, and then retired with a
deep reverence. Through the open win
dows she watched the bride elect, thread
ing with him the graceful "mazes of the
dance, her cheek flushed, her blue eyes
Still she watched on, and prayed with
clenched hands, until she marked the la
dy's cheek blanch, and her hand seek her
brow with a troubled gesture. Then she
laughed wildly, and sped away from the
perfumed' air and the brilliant light of that
festive scene. Even as she fled, the bride
had fallen to the earth, and was borne to
her room,' silent and motionless. Only
when they uncovered her pale bosom,' and
loosened her shining hair, her hand, in
obedience to some strange spell, sought
the flowers on her brow, and none could
remove them.
The next sun .rose upou her, a bride
indeed, in her bridal array, fair and flow
er-crowned, but cold, voiceless, and still
forever.. :. . -
Exaggeration. .
-. If there be any one mannerism that as
universal among mankind, it is that of col
oring too highly the things we describe.
We cannot be content with, a simple rcla
tion of truth we must exaggerate, we
must have a "little too much red in the
brush." We never heard of a dark night
that was not "pitch dark!" of a 6tout man
that was not "as strong as a horse!". or a
miry road that was not "tip to the knee!"
We would go "fifty miles on foot'V to see
that man who never caricatures the sub
ject on which he speaks. But twhereis
such, a man to be found?, ; From "rosy
morn to dewy eve," in our conversation we
are constantly outraging the truth. If
somewhat wakeful in the night, "we have
scarcely had a wins of sleep." li : our
sleeves get a little damp in a shower, .we
are "as wet as if dragged through a brook
If ajoreeze blow up, while we are in - the
"chops of the channel," the waves are sure
to "run mountain high," and if a man grow
rich, we all say ."he rolls in money.", imo
later than yesterday, a friend who would
shrink from wilful misrepresentations, told
us hastily, as he passed, that his newspa
per had nothing in it but advertisements,
The Grave of Jefferson. ,
The following description of the place
where rest the mortal remains, of the sage
of Monticello, will doubtless be interest
ing to every reader - .
, I ascended the . winding road, which
leads from Charlottesville : to Monticello
The path leads a circuituous ascent of
about two miles np the miniature moun
tain, to the farm and the grave of Jeffer
sonr On entering the gate which opens
into the inclosure, numerous paths diverge
in various directions, 1 winding j through
beautiful -groves to the summit of the hill,
From the peak on which the house stands,
a grand and nearly unlimited view opens
to the thickly wooded hills and fertile val
leys which i stretch out . on . either side.
The f university, with its dome, porticoes,
and colonade, looks like, a fair city in the
plaint -Charlottesville seems to be direct
ly beneath. ; No ; spot can be imagined,
combining greater .advantages of; gran
deur, healthfulness, .- and seclusion. : The
house is noble in its appearance; two large
columns support a portico,, which extends
from the wings, and into it the front door
opens. The v apartments are neatly furn
ished and embellished with statues, busts,
portraits, and natural curiosities, v The
grounds and outhouses have been neglec
ted: .Mr. Jefferson's attention being ab
sorbed from such personal concerns by the
cares attendant on the superintendence of
the university, which, when in health, he
visited daily 6ince its erection commenced,
At a short distance behind the mansion,
in a quiet, shaded spot, the visitor sees a
square enclosure, surrounded by a low un
mortared stone wall, which he entered by a
neat wooden gate. This is the familybur-
lal ground, containing ten or hiteen graves,
none of them marked by epitaphs, and on
ly a few distinguished by, any memorial.
On one side of this simple cemetery is the
resting-place of the patriot and . philoso
pher., .When I .saw it the vault was just
arched, ami in readiness . ior ., me piain
stone which. is to cover it. "1 May it ever
continue, like Washington s without any
adventitious attractions or . conspicuous
ness ; for when we or, pur posterity need
any other .memento of our debt of hbnor
to those :Baniesj iuu mnr pimpie inscrip
tion on paper, wood, or' stone, gorgeous
tombs wouiu oe uiuceryp jieir, memo
ries. When gratitude ehalfcease to con
secrate their remembrance in the bearts of
our citizens, no cenotaph will inspire the
reyerehqepwe, owe tq theni . r;vT 1 i
. : In Congress, July 4,' 1116.'.
WHEN, in the course of human events,
it becomes necessary for one people to dis
solve the political bands which have con
nected them with another, and to assume,
among the powers of the earth, the sepa
rate and equal station to which the laws of
nature and of nature's God entitle them,
a decent respect to the opinions of mankind
requires that they should declare the causes
which impel them to the separation. -
We hold these truths to be self-evident :
that all men are created equal, that they
are endowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable rights; that among these are
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
That to secure these rights, governments
are instituted among men, deriving their
just powers from the consent of the gov
erned; that whenever any form of govern
ment becomes destructive of these ends,
it is the right of the people, to alter or to
abolish it, and to institute a new govern
ment, laying its foundation on such prin
ciples, and organizing its powers in such
form as to them shall seem most likely to
effect their safety and happiness. ' Pru
dence, indeed, will - dictate, - that govern
ments long established : should : not be
changed, for light and transient causes;
and accordingly all experience hath shown,
that mankind are more disposed to suffer
while evils are sufferable, -than to right
themselves by . abolishing ' the -forms : to
which they are accustomed.-- But when a
long train of abuses and usurpations, pur
suing invariably the same object, evinces
a design to reduce them under absolute
despotism, it is their right, it is their du
ty, to throw off such government, and to
provide new guards for their future secu
rity, -v Such has been the patient suffer
ance of these colonies; and such is now
the necessity which constrains them to al
ter their former systems of government.
The history of the present king of Great
Britain, is a history of repeated injuries
and usurpations, all having in direct ob
ject the establishment of an absolute tyr
anny over these states. To prove this, let
facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his assent to laws the
most wholesome and necessary.' for the
public good. J '.' . :'
' He has forbidden his governors to pass
laws of immediate and pressing import
ance,' unless suspended in their operation,
till his assent should be obtained; and when
so suspended, he has utterly neglected to
attend to them.- -' He has refused to pass
other laws for the accommodation of large
districts of people," unless : those -'people
would relinquish the right of representa
tion in the legislature--a right inestima
ble to thcra, and formidable to tyrants only;
He has called together legislative bod
ies at places unusual, uncomfortable,'" and
distant from the repository of their public
records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing
them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved representative houses
repeatedly, for opposiug, with manly firm
ness.his invasion of the rights bi the people".
' He has refused," for a Ion" time after
such dissolutions, to cause others to be
elected; whereby the legislative "powers,
incapable of annihilation, have returned
to the people at large, for their exercise
the state remaining, in the mean time, ex
posed to all the dangers of invasion from
without, and convulsions within." :- -"
He has endeavored to prevent the pop
ulation of these Statesf for ' that" purpose
obstructing the laws for naturalization of
foreigners; refusing to' pass others to en
courage their migration hither, and raising
the conditions of' hew appropriations of
lands. 5-'-- rs?C: i-W'l..
v :r He has obstructed "the administration
of justice,- by -refusing his assent to law's
tor establishing judiciary' powers. 1144
' - He has made judges dependent on bis
will alone, for the tenure' of their offices,
and the amount and payment of their sal
ales. , ..,-. .:-.. P r.- ...ii: . ;
..ue nas erectea a multitude of new
offices, and sent hither Bwarms of officers,
to harass our 'people, - and eat out their
substance.' - -- : -' f -
' He-has kept'7 among us in times of
peace, standing -armies;1 without the con
sent of our legislatures. '? 'f ' -
Heba3 affected to render the. military
independent or, and superior to, the' civil
power. - I - '-"''' " ' ' "
He has combined with others to subject
us to a jurisdiction foreign to onr consti
tution, and unacknowledged by ourj laws;
giving his assent to their acts of pretend
ed legislation : - - ' - ; ' ' 4
.; For ' quartering; large bodies of armed
troops among ns : i - ' -
For protecting them, by a mock trial,
from punishment for any murders which
they should commit on the inhabitants of
these States'r'i!i - '-k --1 !' '
For cutting off our trade-wUb all parts
of the .world: V '"
J - 'For Imposing" taxes on Sas "without oui-
consent r1-' i--J ' - ..-'-- ? a?-.
For depriving 'tis," 4n 'many" cases,' of
wie ueueuiB oi iriai uyjury : '
'' For transporting us beybndHseas' to be
tried for pretended offences -: -N'
". For abolishing the free' system of En
glish laws in a neighboring province,' es
tablishing - therein - an arbitrary govern
ment,"' atfd enlarging its boundaries, so as
to render if at' once an' 'pxample and; fit
instrument' for 'introducing the same ab
solute rule into" these colonies; "V"V '
. For taking away our chartres, abol
ishing our most valuable laws, and altering,
fundamentally, the forms of , our govern
ments : ; . :;' -. , '. . .-; 7
For suspending our own legislatures, and
declaring themselves invested with power
to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
- He has abdicated government here,' he
declaring us out of " his" protection, - and
waging war against us. " ' ; -
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our
coasts, burnt our towns; and destroyed the
lives of our people. ;
He is at this time transporting large
armies of foreign mercenaries to complete
the work of death, desolation, and tyran
ny, already beeun with circumstances of
cruelty and perfidy,- scarcely paralleled in
the most barbarous ages, and totally, un
worty the head of a civilized nation ,
He has constrained our. fellow-citizens,
taken captive on the high seas, to bear
arms against their country, to become the
executioners of their friends and brethren,
or to fall themselves, by their hands. V
He has , excitecL domestic j insurcetions
amongst us, and has endeavored to . bring
on the. inhabitants rof- our; fron tiers' the
merciless Indian savages, whose , known
rule ot warfare is an undistinguished des
truction, of all ages, sexes, and conditions.
In every, stag of these oppressions we
have petitioned for, redress in - the .most
humble terms: our repeated petitions have
been answered only - by repeated injury.
A prince,' whose character is thus marked
by every act which "may define a tyrant, is
unfit to be the ruler of a free people. -.
; Nor have we been wanting in attentions
td our British brethren. ; ' We have . warn
ed them, from, time to time, of attempts
by their legislature to extend an unwar
rantable jurisdiction over us. We have re
minded them of the circumstances , of our
emigration and" settlement here. ' - We
have appealed to their native justice and
magnanimity; and we have conjured them
by the ties of our -common -kindred -to
disavow these usurpations, ' which would
inevitable -interrupt' our connection ' and
correspondence; ' - They too: have been
deaf, to the vice of justice and of consan
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce
m the 'necessity, which denounces our
separation,1 and hold them, as we hold the
rest of mankind- enemies in war, in peace
friends. " w ' -r.-. t ; ;
' We, therefore," the representatives of the
United States of America, in general con
gress assembled; appealing to the Sunreme
Judge of the world; fori the -rectitude of
our intentions, do,' in the name-and by the
authority of the good people of these col
onies, solemnly publish and declare, that
these united . colonies are, and of. right
ought to be, free and independent states ;
that they are absolved from all allegiance
to the British crown, aid that "all . politi
cal connection between them and the state"
of Great Britain is, and ought to be. to
tally dissolved ; and that, 'as free " and - in
dependent states, they have full power: to
levy war, conclude peace, contract alli
ances establish commerce, :and to do all
other - acts and ; things - which 1 indepen
dent states may of right do. And; for the
support of this declaration," with a firm
reliance on the protection of Divine Providence,-we'
mutually pledge to each other
orm -lavEs, ouu fortunes, and our sacred
HONOR. 5- "- ;"::'" ' ' '' :'; ' --
- i With and Without a Purpose. ;
' The secret -of i much of the discontent
and want 'of success in life, is the lack of
a - well-defined - iMyiMi'iTa; a:an- whq
has noobjeci for which" to live' and strive;
life canihave?l)ui rlittlettticommendiit.
To suffer ' ourselves to have- no abn' above
the mere - act ' of .existence," is i debasin g
man's" lofty nature below the brute' to the
base level of mere thingsj "It.Tequires.no
examples drawn from the past to. illustrate
this principle,".tta)ughi the qjages ofvthe
past be replete: with instances of heroism
and dishonor--success and disgracer "each
condition: growing 'to "tt great iiegree out
of the possession or want -of firmness of
purpose. The . present " to-day ;is filled as
well with : spiritless, aimless, 'purposeless
drones, as with active inspirited,; earnest
souls. To" the - latter class, i every day,
hour, moment is conscious life; and eve
ry exercised ienergyi ai development and
Btrenetheninc; of -the power of ; mind or
willi 'The - former -float lazily rupon.: the
surface of: time's tide. - Effortless and
aimless,"' they!; are ; censors pf 1 all rGod's
providences . and ' in grates of bis mercy w
Nor. need'. we .visit uncivilized races," bor
quote the loathed mendicant of Europe
or . the East, to prover the' existence of
such .an useless 'class." Our " own land
abounds in such. , They lounge in every
city and town.', j " . ;' ".?.'". V - V I "
They are among bur acquaintances, "bur
relatives we find them jn" our. homes. -We
do not believe it is natnral .for man
kind to be lazy,T-but must admit It abad
habit .very"" easily formed: Indifference
to future circumstances" 'and' exigencies
may'be" aVvery : comfortable condition of
mind,, though it sap the brain and heart
of all th.eir " vital energiesA&mehwho
have no. apparent business object or aim,
are. hbt lazyt ) or .rdese'ryin approacli!
There be" those in community,1 honest .in
dustrious, worthy men, who toil faithfully
and hard and yet; accomplish' but little in
the way V bettering their own ' condition,
or of adding to the general stock of wealth,
or convenience, or information' 6f society.
But do not such," toH , more "for present
gratification than for'ahy" future good.'--Do
they hot expend 'their.neries, to pro-
vide "daily bread'! merely, for Jhenselveg
and families. rather than to accomDlish ft
cherished plan--fiome, hbnorable; areful
adapted, but well denned purpose.. ; a
1 ; For the Spirit of, Dethocracj, ..
Translated from tbe Illncloo,
Scene Assembly Rooms, Philadelt
phia.. (Enter Samuel North and Samuel "
South masked. Samuel National, their
common parent, sitting on a seat so con
structed as to enable him to turn his face
whichever waythe wind blows. '.Z.
' North. Glad to meet you brother South, .
I hope the Union can now be saved jrith- .
out much difficulty;r ,li vVSriiaj- '
: South;;,, It must be saved ; sir; it. -shall N
be saved. . . . .. .. , i :, . . . , '
North. I am happy to inform you dear
brother, that I am authorized to yield al-
most everything td you, and shall asjf but
little concession.----' ' - - -
South;? Concession it Talk not to ma
of concession. That word sir,' neveTgoea -;
south, of Mason and DixOn'8 line. s
?NorUu-H But my dear brother-, iomtf of '
my servants are becoming '. factioo;3ad "
a very trifling concession "would reconcile '
themr ' - - --'W -Mvt V'-fc- . t'
- - South. 'Your ; servants becoming fee-
tious ? How. long is it since job told toe
your clan was composed of - broken dowa '
politicians and old political hacks;1: men ,
whose principles' could be moulded into .. j
whatever form best; fitted their purposes? .'
And how eay you now they: are becoming' ;
factious? '?;iff.,,,v'?5i".S" .
North. So we thought brother, but by ,
some unfortunate accident a number of . J
ho'nest men were admitted, and the refuse
to be bought and sol(L r j 'fo C.T j
-1 South ' Well, sir, the blunder was yours,
the consequences be yours. 1c I sever yield "
a hairs breadth; c No sir, on the contrary,
I demand a platform -more nltra Southern r" ..'
than" any ever made, and for me to demand
is to receive: .. --i :-."
y-North. J5ut brother I must respectful- . .
ly remonstrate against such a proceedijag,''' ,
for it will sink me s beyond .he- ;reacJh of ,:,
resurrection, ru pi -..'ari i IV i
South . ; - Sink or, awirnv sarviye or per , .
ish; come to the. line which IchaH:or.I'Il V
wipe -your-whole- clan, out- of existence: V -V ;
:- i North.- -,Sir,. your proposal .would imly ', ,
leave -me to; decide-whether IwiUibe y
drowned or-hanged.i;; I will choose aejthep , -,
aa- the life I have- led but illy, preparee.me ,
to die'. i st' .ccuvia-.j'94C''''::'':' -'
.South, r ThenK . sir, upon. .this grcond i,
we fight; and I charge you to reflect-r y: ,,
life has been spent in scourging men twho '
thought not of resisting; butairwhenlmeet
resistance I'm terrifilci South.sdta'fts
long heavy lash;) "
North Fight then we will, i and I ,T
charge you 'to bewares j Who twa:-tho .
hero of the: Cincinnati riots?: j Who., de
stroyed .the ballot boxes? ;Who.TdroTe
the Catholics and foreignersftom the polls?
Go to Cincinnati and you'll find that every .
Irishman and Dutchman , bears o"n; his Jg- "
norant head the macks of my valor ,t Look : r
at the trophies . oC my - victories, fi. (North : ,
here presents a broken shillalah and de -molished
tobacco pipe.)- , ... ?i . s V .!
' .-South; Sir, 'tis but suicide for you, to- ,
contend : with me. ;.-Asv often, as we have ;
met, you-have been vanquished, , and long
ere this you shouldr hayaarned submis-; V
sionr.ut sirvrwords n.oniore Ianvim- .
patient - j.to-. pitch "Jnte-ty ouVIraw.his
lash and North dodges.) t&'trziiii''.'
OldjSauk NationalellloiiL Stay your
guilty hands. -. How am I to.beepms Pres- ,;
ident if this, discord prevails? " p- '
trrSouth ,(To-North. fApxtoii:
pitch4n?f.-wvf :-rryri. !:titrj&i--
-.Northm near.;bar venerable. paj:e.nhe' . .
maxeavA'my: bide attt $ "
PldtSam .stfy: 4?w.'jbildre' iX,:wilt
propose,- a compromise.tAsSputb .baa .
jess cpflsciencend more courage lieajhalln. .
have i. the pjatform all hisowB way. -
.siNorth (Aside,) : Farewell vai world
I haint time; ta stay in yon any longer". ' -..
" Old Sam. - It shall be ultra Southern
but you,- Northv shall, not be requited to ;
eodorse; ti -5.j &:an &d;
3n South. (Asid&.)t .The dickener j "7:.i
'r- iNorth: (Aside,) vGoddl GdmetotMiik: ."
of siV- it wouldn't: be. right' to leave ftill "
after the Ohio election-v- j j i isva . .
Old iSam. - YoirwiU secede and go;
home there you irill form- a platform, out-
Freesoiling the Freesoilers and CatcW them V.
if 'you' can? -; If you1 'succeed 4 you -4ay
carry your State elections this vfalirr'f "Too
will for the present repudiate our platform, . -but
; rememberr- 1856 you'art lo'lour
if our head a' South, 'and yd southern tnat--;:
ures, and a southerner for PresidwtS (:,.
T N&rth. (Kicking up his heels.) :. JH do ;
it, Such- a' trickls jus'tomy "hand.. 1
(Here north takes his hat and shins It or
Cleveland;) fn.
- - South:- '(Throwing ?eff:krmaaC"and; '
leaying.) I'd like totavelrivea him in
bthet thrashing just for exerciser I'll giy
him" fits- in 56V t '
Old 5a.: (Sola? Thete; o " i
cat is out of the walleU" South has. thrown
off his mask and shpws i ungainly; farm
inT jrbad daylight . AH mjbopes gon , ;
at; one fell swoop'. "rsa ft used up- patriot
emolUhed extmgiiished caved In.
Goodbye KwQthigism? Goodbye
PresidencjcoGboat. go., un. . (Curtsiik

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