THE S PI E I T OF D E HOC RACY
V GOVERNOR'S message CONCLUDED, i
Disbursements from th State Treasury ftr all pur potts during the Years ending Nov. 15, 1S55 I
and A op. 15, 1853; the'paynents during the last year, on account of current expenditures, and
on account of debit of preceding year bung placed in separate columns To pay debts
Purposes. ! . lS54-5: 1855-6.
Common School Fund . .$l,21S,r,94 CO $1,232,210 96
District School Library ; . ...... .T 84,995 35 82.906 57
Interest on the Public Debf": T 077,345 69 961,322 92
Redemption of the Public Debt. 466,681 01
Expenses of the fund Commissioners. ... .T. .... . 11,736 18 3,03454
c;.. f . i t r . - O i . r. -r 1 r i fjl 1 1 r. o
HVJIA.iwj'!" " Executive Uflicers . . . . ! Z. , 7,"51M 4(5
JKRE,. AY ! IMA are . . . . ismTo a.
to Nov. 15, '55.
WOODSFltfil.l. OUIO, JAN. UWX.
I Chases Message.
. WYdo nowand'awaya have regarded
GoTernorCH'ascJs "one" of "the ablest, if
oVaitdgctheYthff ablest man of his party,
V BdlVetwIiliRlaadiBg ability -jmd las
lic-weois farcly mueltmore in t'ueYower jbaoers and'Ga
' V. rili't-u. .-tv. tiner.H Jutp
. oi aemasOncisai -ami' iuhumi i'iv'; ,i
CouiwUnioiior of Common Schools and Librarian.
JnJJciarjr . . . . . .
UeporU,f Supreme Court. . 1... , .
Ohio Legislature. . . '. .' . j'v". . ; . . . Vi . . . .
Printing Legislative and Exeautive. .... . . . .
Stationarr . .'. f 4 . . . . i
Distribation of Laws and Jeurnals. . . ,1 . . . . . . ,
New State House. ..................... ... ;:.'. ,
Daf and PumU Asylum. . . ."I ,
Blind Asylum. . . .... .'.
.v.u.ui. a . t. . . U . . 1 w ft ft. ft... ......... .......
than in &n-"'ODcn" striiffht forward cCBirse
deenlhiou.iuc justice ori.Hcaxn?c for its
success.- ilsXtoiiJidincfcvia tue art of
hambnggery is': so anpartat it h:s last
T Messa'g l&at nd reader will fail to see it.
C 4t?tn?hs;?ttfeWary; of'lb financial affairs
oltbe State, ue has given a prouv uui anu
to some extent satisfactory statement. It
will -l observed j however, that wherever
be could compare the manageiucnt'onder
tl fortner 'administraf.on with the man
agement under the present, in such a way
A3 to favor the latter, he ha9 done so;
Srhcre comparison wonld have resulted
uafaTorably to bia party, he bas artfully
rile dodges the Know Nothing question
Ub, a skill worthy , of the most wily
politician. This question is an exceeding
ly1 delicate cnVjust now, 1 while his party
is-.endearoring to form an alliance with
the Fillmoreitea. If the attempted alli
ance should 6uccced, he shapes his lan
gttage -so that 1 it may not offend them
and if it shonld fail he wishes to be in a
posilioVto again xourt the foreigners
Read liir langnage, and jf you can tell
Whlcli slfe he Mone-you are more fortu-
oate than we wf?et ' .
- ?Meged abuses of the electiYc fran
ehise will probably claim yonr attention
Tie right of suffrage U sasred. It is the
- right which of all political rights is to be
most scrupulously guarded and most res
fateir defended. - Every citizen, native
or naturalized, is entitled to the most ab
solute freedom; and security in the exer
cise of k. Frauds upon this right merit
the severest reprobation, for the fraudu
ICnVvoter cheats tu people of their right
ful control of their own affairs, Every
tuilalle measure ' for the prevention of
such frauds will deserve your earnest at
teatiou . It viU only be needful to beware
list the proposed remedy for one class of
evils become lite source oj outers snu more
grievous. n :
The-measures which the Governor
touches so gently ajp, the "Registry law"
requiring jotcrs to have their names upon
Ifctesbinetime before the "election, a law
preventing the State courts from grauting
dttturalfEation papers, and requiring such
papers tc-be takeu out six months before
the holder Unentitled to vote. All of
wBich"arc now before the Legislature.
i'Oa' the slavery , question he retreats
from the extreme positions of his Inaugu-
pal most beautifully. ' By the way, will
tSe .Republican papers still maintain the
pibfon that tho slavery question has no
busfDess Occupying so much room in mes
. sages ? They denounced the President in
unmeasured, terms for treating it so fully,
' what vills they say to a Governor of a
State -who has nothing to do with the
r-.cstion'; following Pierce's example ? It
li all right in the Governor, but all wrong
A (u the President, is their answer. But to
Chase's present position: Read the fol-
0 i'rherC are good grounds, however, for
(he hope that the worst is over in Kansas.
Ftomlhe Free State press of the Territory,
tnyrom other rtliable sources, assurances
ife'reccived that' peace, order aud securi-
.ty ire" re-established,' for the present, at
Jeasti': within1- its ' limits. Many of the
inost dangerous of "the marauders have
7eft theTtxritory, and a disposition is uian
ffeBted by the prcseut Territorial Goveru
oTtoi fespict!i.nml protect the rights of
tffeV'.Siat Settlers. 5 There is reason to
2ihe'cf tfiat the most obnoxibus'acts of the
ftcadb-Legulature will be abrogated, and
tlit the bad ' design of the repeal of the
filss6hre:proKibition wilt be defeated by
he virtue aud intelligence of the people."
The "virtue, and intelligence of the peo
plejtare producing very different result from
what; the Governor was predicting a few
tacnthi Ig.' vWheo he was so zealously
engaged idenWrfcing "popular sovreign
jyo1(eJiplear8 to.have been totally iguo-
f Wnt oTtha fact that there were any such
ilenients fa society as "the virtue and in
tilligeuce of hc people.' It is to be
hoped tfthatlka .conviction, of tbe existeuce
- ttiesi elements mi? v become so firm in his
fcjndrihat he will learn to appeal to the 'vir
tue 'and' Vntelligeuce of the people.' in
St&ad of endeavoring to humbug them.
s;Tfaere are 'sundry and divers other mat
ters in the messflge that we would like to
Vomment 6nf' but our want of room ad
luiiiiishes! us to" desist:
Bi.cksmith"' Sflop rou Rest. We
alPthe attention "of Blacksmiths to the
Vderflsehi,;nl,f Mr-IlotWEistiin another
; column. We are of opinion that a bet
ter oppOttulSityTforsmUhs will not soon
LeVad In "ttie; county.' Mr. RoooEas has
ktaa l1g as extcuaire bitsiei.'
ards of Ohio. Penitentiary. .....
euses . i-y' '' "
iPrgsecntion and Transportation of Convicts ......
Clurka in Public Offices.'. . ?."" .'i .
.Military -Public Arms, &c
Oo vornors Contingent Fund. ...Vi, ".
Treasnrer'a . w "
SocH'tary's . " ......
Attorney General's "
Expenses of tho Library
burnishing Legislative Halls
Treasurer's Mileage.. . . . v
Fuel and Lights. ., .
State Board Agriculture
bxpcnse& of Free Banks
Three per cent. Fund paid to Counties
Salary of Secretary of School Commissioners
Expenses of Legislative Committees
Payments for Building and Repairs on Deaf and
Payments for Expenses of Presidential Election.. .
of Appropriations for Special Claims. . . .
from Governor's Contingent Fund by
special order of the Legislature
for Swan's Revised Statutes
9 njfi nn r
' 1,119 60
26,294 06 .
41,202 05 ;
40,233 15 .
: 1,714 20
; 1,910 98 '
r 722- 02
b 2,300 .00
. 24,025 41
Total amount of Drafts issued
, " " Redeemed.
Balance in Treasury 15th of W.vemher. ,
I General Governmentton account of the
Three per ccut. Fund; and Licenses and
Some of. these sources of revenue are
nearly exhausted; others, were never pro
ductive, and the receipts from others arc in
the nature of loans rather than of in
come. V- i
Only about forty thousand acres of land
in Ohio yet remain the property; of the
General Government, Very little more
can be expected therefore, from this State's
three per cent.,, proportion of. their sales.
.Not much land belonging to t.hje State re?
mains -nnsold. The amount of surplus
Revenue unpaid by Counties, is reduced, to
$206,349.17. The proceeds" of convict
abor are absorbed in the support of the
Penitentiary, ahd avail nothing to the
General Revenue. And the proceeds of
the School and Ministerial lands as they
accrue,.? become part of the Irreducible
Debt upon which the State is bound to pay
six per cent, interest to the use for which
they were granted.
These facts admonish us that for the
expenses of the tate Government, of the
Public Institutions, and for the payment
of the State Debt, our main reliance must
hereafter be upon the contributions of the
people in the form of taxes. They re
quire us to husband every remaining re
source, and demand the strictest economy
in every department of expenditure.
No means exist of ascertaining the
quantity of lands remaining nnsold, wheth
er belonging to the State, or lit Id in trust.
I recommend the provision of such means
on account of it during the last year. It
13 witu great pleasure that I direct your
attention to the careful econamy, thorough
work and substantial progress which have
distinguished their administrations', now
that your sessions are , held in the new
building, will satisfy yon as to the char
acter and condition of the work.;. l'iie
fact that of the ninety thousand dollars
appropriated for this service,' more th in
forty-six c thousand remained unexpended
at the close of the fiscal year, sufficiently
attests tbe-'economy of the managenieu
. The nature and magnitude f the trust
committed to the Quarter Master General,
and the manner in which the duties of his
office have been performed during th.pa3t
year, will appear from the Report of that
officer." - The suggestions of this" Report
and particularly that relating to the con
struction of a State Arsenal, deserve your
consideration. The proceeds of the old
Penitentiary grounds may be advantage
ously applied to the purchase of a site and
the erection of the necessary buildintrs;
or the Legislature may direct the location
of the arsenal upon a part of these
grounds, and the application of the pro
ceeds of the residue to construction. I
recommend the discontinnance of the per
diem allowed to the Quartermaster Gen
eral, and the allowance of a fixed salary
sufficient to compensate fairly for the time,
attention and intelligence necessary to the
proper performance of his duties.
In this connection I beg leave to direct
vonr attention to the laws concerning the
Militia. The known existence of an or
ganized public force, competent to the
.$3,509,574 2i $3,1S9,600 12 $517,372 65
,.$3,512,484 20 $3,6S3,353 81
The foregoing statements exhibit these J taxation. As every bond is payable at
facts: v " '-the pleasure of the State after 1860, the
right to do this seems unquestionable.
The condition of the Sinking Fund de
mands your attention. The Constitution
provides that no tax shall be levied except
I in pnrsuance of law, and that every law
imposing a tax shall state distinctly the
1 object of the same, to which only it shall
o.l7 72 65 ' De applied The same instrument pro-
j vides for the creation of a Sinking Fund,
sufficient to pay the accruing interest on
That the apparent expenditures
of 1754-5 were. . v .3,&U3,S74.Z3
But t this amount
shottld be added
debts of 1854-5
pnid 1S56 517,372.65
nd the estimated
amount of such
debts yet unpaid. 100,000.00
1 suggest, also, the expediency of such
legislation as will expedite and ensure the enforcement of law and the defence of
reimbursement to the State of the unpaid right, is among the sarest guaranties of
balances of surplus revenue yet remain- order and security. In all emergencies
ing with the counties. requiring military force, the States of the
When Ohio came into the Union, she Union must rely on the patriotism of their
relinquished the right to tax the lands of militia. A wise regard to these consid
the United States within her. limits, in erations dictated the provisions of our
consideration among other things, that State Constitute 1 relating to this subject
not less than three per cent, of the pro- To carry out these provisions and give
ceeds of all sales, past or future, should them due effect, legislation is indispensa
be paid to the State, to be applied m lay- ble. For the want of it, the Militia of
ing out roads. This is the origin of what
is known as the three per cent." fund.
The General Government has only ac
counted for the State's proportion o
lands sold since the compact, and sold
for money. In my judgment, the spirit,
if not the letter of the compact, entitles
the State to the same proportion of the
sum which would have been produced by
the sale, at not less than the minimum
rate of a dollar and a quarter an acre, of
Mak'ir the aircresate of actual ex
penditures , $4,0J6,946.&8 the aiate debt. and to reduce the nrinci-
From which should be deducted , 0,1llll k ,,,.., iol5J ,ilor, IW
Dirmenti in reduction oi r . . . ' J . . . .
Publio Debt 46S.681.01 hundred thousand, increased by six per
Makina the amount of current cent., compounded annually. The act of
expenditure for 1854-5 d,5 ou,Dft.b7. March 14, 1853, designated the revenues
the State is in danger of total disorgan
ization; the public arms, a valuable prop
erty, are exposed to danger and loss; and
in contingencies, not impossible, various
public interests may suffer serious detri
ment. I venture to express the hone that
the necessary legislation on this subject
will constitute one of the claims of this
General Assembly to the approval of their
I take great pleasure in laying before
all lands granted for military services, or you the Report of the Commissioners ap-
That the apparent
- 1855-6 $3,706,972.81
From which should
be deducted the
amount paid debts
of 1854-5.. . 517,372.65
Making the true amount of cur
rent expenditure for 1855-5.
which should constitute the Sinking Fund,
and required the Auditor of State to set
apart annually a specific fund for the pay
j ment of the principal of the debt, one hun
, ! dred thousand dollars in 1853, and in
i each subsequent year the same sum in
i creased by compounding annually at 6ix
3,189,600.16 per cent. The act of May 1, 1854, di-
rected th6 levy of one and a quarter mills
on each dollar of the grand list of that
ye3r, to be applied to the payment of inter
est on the dehtjiind a further levy of one mill
on the graud list of 1855, for the same
Uuder these Constitutional and Iegis-
the Sinking Fund was
And showing the expenditures
of 1S55-6 less than those of
1854-5, by $380,665.71
It will not escape attention that the
current expenditure ef 1855-6 was large
ly increased by the biennial session of the
T ..!p).(ii.a in 1 Q C R fYiiATOkaa nffc cocetnn
- iw.i.1 : i tm.5- ;ffuM. Un, : lati provision
but the revenue
Ajftl.An ants. . a . si A...?, r t m . halania in ta. o '
I tinct from other moneys in the Treasury,
or reserved from other applications. The
actof May 1, 1854, provided for the trans
fer in a coutiugeney then apprehended, of
the sura of $130,000 from the Sinking
Fund to the General Revenue; and the
vor of 1856 will be better appreciated.
The attention of the Legislatare was
earnestly invoked by my predecessor to
the large excess of County, Municipal
and other local taxes over the taxes for
State purposes. That disproportion has
i t i act of April 11, 1856, authorized similar
prudent legislation of the last session; but " . v , ' ' . enQ Q)
Li. u ,:.: i tran .fers to the amount of $554,809.32.
11 IS wunu
granted or reserved to individuals, com
panies and corporations for their own use
and benefit The quantity of such lands,
according to the Commissioner's state
ment, herewith transmitted, is 10,642,540
acres. A large sura, theretore, it mvl
pointed under the act of April 7, 1856,
providing for the establishment of the
Ohio Reform School. The act required
that two of the three Commissioners
should visit three of the principal Re
format ory Institutions of the United States,
view of the matter is correct, is due to and institute all necessary observations and
the State from the General Government,
and it is worthy of your consideration
whether some measures should not be
adopted to secure the recognition and pay
ment of this claim. Its equity is the
more apparent when it is considered that
of all the land States Ohio has been the
least liberally dealt with by the General
Government. Every othcrof these States
inquiries, and that all should unite in re
porting the result to the Legislature. The
Commissioners have more than executed
their trust. Instead of two, all have vis-
and with more advantage to the State.
Would it not "be well, also to prescribe
an uniform rule in respect to the times for
making all reports? . At present some are
required to be made at the close, ofrthe
Sscul year; some at other periods; some
biennially; some annually, and some semi
annually.' Itwoull conduce, greatly;to
the introduction of order and'resposibility
jhto public affairs if all reports shfoiild be
required to be made on the twentieth day
ly i of Noveniber, February, May, and.; June,
t. j'of c:ich year; the " November treport em-
wacingjiii the transactions xt- the fiscal
year, ami the other .Reports only those of
the preceding quarter.
Permit me now to invite your attention
to a few topics, intimately connected with
the public-welfare, but-not discussed in
any of these reports. t
The slate of the lawm relation t5 Mar
ricd Women deserves your consideration.
Our legislation is already honorably dis
tinguished by its provisions in that behalf;
but much remains to be done. Many
ofT the beneficent provisions t' of the
civil law might be transferred, with bene
lit, to our code. It is difficult to percieve
any reason why a wife, allowed to sue sep
arately from her husband, should be re
quired to sue in the name of her next
friend. Instances not unfreqnently occur
of gross oppression through the absolute
control given to the husband over person
al estate, and particularly over household
good3. lean perceive no valid reason
why the wife may not be allowed a prop
erty in personalty and especially in goods
pertaining to the house, and protected in
the possession by sufficient and summary
remedies. These are but samples of need
ed reforms in this direction. 1 commend
the whole subject to your best reflections
Defect in the laws regulating practices
in criminal cases often give rise to serious
embarassments in the administration ' of
justice, and occasion great expense and
inconvenience to the counties immediately
coi!C2rned. I suggest the expediency of
revising a id c difv;rg those laws.
-The inadequu-y of judicial compensa
tiou is much complained of High sala
ries are inconsistent with the true idea of
a republican government; bnt fair rewards
for skilled labor are due for public as well
as for private service. Perhaps the best
test of proper compensation is the dispo
sition of thoroughly competent persons to
take and hold office at the compensation
allowed. Tried by this test it must be
admitted that the salaries of the Supreme
Judges, and, in some parts of the State,
of Common Pleas Judges, are insufficient.
Learned and able Judges of the Supreme
Court have resigned their places because
unable to serve for the compensation al
lowed; and in some of the Counties it is
impossible to induce men of large expe
rience, learning and acquirement, to ac.
cept judicial positions. In considering
this subject it may be well to remember
that the whole amount of the salaries of
all the Judges of the Supreme Court and
the pillage of the Treasury under delusive ;
pretexts oi public, good. .; i i ...vV' t . .
Ohio, paying one-tenth of these ccn -
tributions, has a substantial interest in ll
these matters, which should not be over. t
looked; and it cannot be deemed unfit that ; -. .
her General Assembly should give expres-Vision
to her demand for retrenchment and
reform, "and" for a reduction of revenue, the
oniy suuicient security for both. . -v .
Immediately after the close ofyonrlate -
session, in conformity with your instrac-
tions, I transmitted to the- Governor - of 1
each State a copy of Joint Resolutions off K
the General Assembly relative to Kansas..,
affairs. - The Governor of Mississippi has "i "'
returned the copy transmitted to him, hi :
pursuance, as he states, "of the"require- .
ments of a Jdint Resolution of the Legis- ;
ature ot that fctate, of which he transmits ). "": . ',
a copy. 1 submit his communication to ;
your consideration' without comment.
1 he-relations to the National Govern- ; V
ment; to Slavery? still engross a large share r -
ot tnat public attention; but I have little
to add to the considered views vhich I S
have already expressed .' r
That Slavery is contrary to reason and
natural.justice; that it is of such a nature '
that nothing short of positive lawcansus- ,
tain it; that no power to enact such laws : ,
has been granted to the National Govern--
meat; and that Slavery, therefore, ootside
of Slave States, can have no valid -legal -
sanction, seem to me incontrovertible pro '
The original policy of the country was. :
in harmony with these ideas. t contem
plated the exclusion of Slavery from ;Na- v
tional Territo'ries; the exertion of the !-. .
gitimate influence of the General Govern-- .
ment on the. side: of : freedom- : and - the- !
amelioration and final eradication '
the greaf evil b the action of the State v l
Governments, without intervention or in- .
ited, not three only, but all the principal Common Pleas Courst, is less than the
Institutions in our own couBtry, and one
of their number, at his own expense, has
visited the principal institutions in Eu
rope. Their Report exhibits the fruit of
has received much larger grants in aid of their extended researches and inquiries.
public improvements th.n Ohio. Nearly and commends itself to yoar most favor-
cvery other, instead of three per cent, of able regard. The documents collected by
the proceeds of sales, has received five, the
Minnesota, and all the new territories,
annual cost of the three Lunatic Asylums.
Alleged abuses of the elective franchise,
will probably claim your attention. The
right of suffrage is sacred. It is the right
to - vote which makes the citizen a
sovereign. It is the right which of rail
political rights is to be most scrupulously
instead of one section in each township
for the use of schools, received two. Ohio
does not complain 'of. this liberality to
Commissioners and now placed at cuaided and most resoluteiv defended.-
your disposal, embody nearly everything Every citizen, nativejor naturalized, is en-
that is known concerning Reformntorv
Schools. For these services no charge
has been made against the Treasury be-
other States and Territories. By her yond those incident to a literal execution
vour consideration whether
some further legislation may not be use
fully directed to the 6ame eud.
The Report of the Commissioners of
the Sinking Fund is not yet cotapleted,
but will soon be laid before you. It will
Under thi3 late act, transfers have been
made to the General Revenue and to the
Canal. Fund to the amount of $160,000.
The natural consequence of this legisla
tion and this practice, has been' the ab-
; aj-.tnt inn rF tlta lt n L i n n Pnnd lialfiunna in
contain full information in relation to their i v ".-" "
.. , . - ,, e 1Q- the general expenditures Thus, accord
nroceedines under the act of April 8, 1 806, i . it r . , . . .
1 , . . b , - ' I ing to the Report of the late Auditor,
authorizing a new loan for the payment x ic.i at i
c.u j 1 i f po o9 qk no aiift. f .there was ou the 15th November, 18oo,
of the debt of 2,423,359 79, payable at . . , ... A-J e .L
" uw J..a ,c.u an apparent balance, to the credit of the
the pleasure of the State after the 15th , iQO nc ,, . ..
. t . m . t i a a Sinking Fund of $037,499.06. But it
inst. Proposals for this new loan, fixed : .b , , ',. . . .
, v . . i must be observed that this balance con-
. ,. .. 1 i t istituted part of the General Balance of
r ip3 and America, and, ou the 1st of Oc
to'.or, 1856, it was awarded on the high
est bidder for the whole amount, at a
"awaiting legislative appropriation," to
the discharge of "temporary outstanding
linKllitlnn 'I A A flta H Oldf fll Avnn
premium of three and a half per cent. , ' p 10,K T , i j
U .l. m i.i.!-k i. ditBreBn of 1855-6. I have already
au uie UUUU. U. i.u. "ishon that the payment of the debts of
been presented for payment have been j 185,5 :ncurred for carrent exnenses
i- im. .nH tho Aoht naM : 1804 ncurrea ior current expenses,
1 i Voi J -,, ' T --- i'-v- ; more than absorbed all that was available
after 1856 will soon be entirely extiu-; ... . . , t i-i
. . J j of this reputed balance. In like manner
gUIStrCC. I .i. 4. 4 j:.a i
The experience of the State, in this' . r , e ..' . . . B
. ' . . j. . , balance to the credit of . the Sinking Fund,
transaction, however, indicates the dan- . XT . 10- c
, , .' ' . r on the 15th November, 1 806, of $481,-
"er of reiving upon new loans for the pay- ,nnm ... ., '
9 ' 3 . F ... Tf roo 749.06; while the 6ame officer reports the
ment of maturing debts. It was conh- ' , . , .11
' , . . . .,.. .1.:,. t. niA total general balance, on that day, m-
dently anticipated that this loan would f '
command a premium of at least nine or $579 5bn 59 of whTch . onIy tlie 8u; of
ten per cent.; while the premium actually .n.bl.. H tw.
v. - - I " Vft
sum constituted the only fund for the pay
ment of current demands of every de
scription upon the Treasury.
In view of these things I think it my
duty to recommend the levy of a snffi
realized was only three and a half. It is
not difficult to concieve of a state of the
money market in which the Bonds of tho
State could uot be negotiated at par. In
such case, a resort to a new loan would
he attended with crreat necuniarv loss.
O .1. I I. ..
It is the part of wisdom to guard: c,eni raie uPon lu granu nst to restore
ainst the occurrence of such an exigen-to the Sinking Fund the sums which have.
cy, and I therefore suggest the expedien
cy of proving, by seasonable and suita
ble legislation, for the debt of six millions
four hundred aud thirteen thousand three
hundren and twenty-five dollars which will
be payable after 1860 To raise the
whnln amount bv taxation duriug the
rour years which will intervene before it principal of the Public Debt, and the safe
. 1 : . . e . 1 . a?i - i -
can be paid, would impese too serious
burdens upon the people. I recommend,
therefore, the sale of such stocks aud oth
er j roperty ofthe State as can be dispos
ed of for its real value, and the appropri
tion of the proceeds of the sale, together
with the proceeds of such a rate upou the
grand list as will produce the needed sum,
to tht! payment of at least one-half the
debt; distributing ihe remainder over so
many of the following years as will bring
it payment within the rccch of njoderut
Senators and Representatives she has
sanctioned it. She only demands justice
The Report of the Directors of the
Peuitentiary presents a clear account of e(
the condition of that Institution. It is
gratifying to find that the working of the
act of April 8, 1856, concerning the Pen
itentiary, has fulfilled, in most respects,
your judicious and benevolent intentions.
Some modifications are suggested by the
Directors which deserve attention.- Va
rious other suggestions of this Report
will doubtless attract your notice, and
especially those which relate to the Ac
counts, Receipts and Revenue, and to the
impolicy of employing convicts upon the
New State House, or otherwise outside
of the Penitentiary walls.
In pursuance of the Statutory provi
sions in relation to insaue convicts, in the
absence of any proper accommodations
for such persons within the Penitentiary,
I have suspended the sentences of six
of the law; and more than one-third of
the appropriation remains unexpended:
The Report of the Commissioner of
Common Schools has not jet been rccciv-
It will probably be ready by the 20th
inst., at which time it has been heretofore
required, and will be promptly laid before
you. In the mean time 1 need not re
mind yon of the indispensable neccssity
of adequate Public Instruction to the
welfare and security of society. No pub
lic investment is so safe and so fruitful as
that which is made in the education of the
people. No persons better deserve the
esteem and the support of the State and
the People than the teachers of our youth.
No essential modifications of the prrsent
school law are, in my judgment, demanded
by the general sentiment, except such as
will increase its efficiency without aug
menting its expense. There is, however
a prevailing opinion, that, under present
circumstances, Township Libraries may
be substituted, with advantage, for Dis-
. . . . ., i
prisoners, ascertainea, upon inquuy, 10 oe tlict Lil)I.aries. fn(J t wonW furtiier sug.
insaue, and have directed their transfer to tbat thc ljibrarv ut each County Seat
the Asylums of the Districts within which shoul( be a CouutJ Librarv, and supplied
they, were respectively convicted. f as os8:blo with ti,e puUished Doc-
For the annual history of the Lunatic- limpnts of the State aml vatiotlal Gov-
Asylurasand of the Asylums for the Deaf L,nm-nt VaT stumlv cf the State
and Dumb, and for the Blind, and for an nrt,Hmwits von can m.,ke lUc eCessarv
account of their condition at the close of
the year, I refer you to the reports of the
several Boards of Trustees entrusted with
their management. These Reports will
be found to contain many very interesting
facts, and many judicious aud important
practical views. I do not donbt that yon
will cheerfully respond to the proper de
mands of these Institutions, to the full
provision; a little attention on the part of
Senators aud Representatives in Congress
will ensure a full supply of National Doc
The benificial results of the act requiring
thc Public Reports to be made to thc
Governor and printed in advance of the
meeting of the Legislature, suggest a fur
ther application of the same principle
been transferred from it or in any wav de
voted to otber uses, and to increase it to
the full extent of the constitutional re
quirement. And I also recommend such
legislation as will ensure the future reser
vation of the entire fund from every use
except that of paying the interest and
investment of that part speedily applica
ble to the redaction of the principal until
wanted for that purpose.
The chief sources of our Public Income
are the Grand Levies; Charter Taxes of
Banks; Proceeds of Public Works; Col
lections of Surplus Revenue loaned to
counties; Sales of Sidiool and Ministerial
Lands held in Trust; Sales of Lands grant
ed to the State in aid of Improvements,
and otherwise acquired; Dividends of
Stocks; Coavict Labor; Payment by the
extent permitted by a just regard to the Tiic Constitution requires the'Governor to
financial condition of the State, and to com,nuI:jcate to the General Assembly at
other equal claims upon the Treasury. It session the condition of the State,
is gratifying to observe that the expenses ftnd tQ rccomraen(i 6UCh measures as he
of each Institution during the year, have may deem expcdient. Tt, also, requires
been lessthau the appropriations for their him tQ gee that the laws are fait5lfuiv ejf.
support. I particularly commend to your ecutcd To enable him the better to ful
attention the economical use of the ap- fin ... :n1-unct;on. 1.- ;s authorized to re-
propriation of ten thousand dollars for a
dormitory for the Deaf and Dumb, to be !
hereafter converted into workshops. Ihe
nnmose of the aDnrooriation has been
quire information in writing from thc of
ficers of the Executive Department npon
any subject connected with the duties of
their resoective oSices- VV ould it not be
most satisfactorily accomplished, and a wej- n order to give more complete cf
balance of four thousand dollars remains fplttn lh(.Rft constitutional provisions' to
in the Treasury. This circumstance, requ;re the Boards and Officer in charge
doubtless, will have its proper weight with of tUe differeut departments ,of the public
you, when considering the expediency of service, to report their trausaciious ; and
entering without further delay upon thc coudj.on quarterly to the Governor?
construction of the new Asylum Edifice, Such an enactment would concentrate in
the need of which has been so long ac- the Executive Office full information, ac
knowledged, cessible to the peoj.de, concerning all the
The Report of the Commissioners of public interests, while it would enable the
tho New State House, will exhibit the Governor to fulfill his' constitutional obli
progress of the work and disbursemtsUations wjih more satisfaction to himself
titled to the most absolute freedom and
security in the exercise of it. Frauds up
on this right merit the severest reproba
tion; for the frauduleat voter cheats the
people of their rightful control of their
own uffairs. Every suitable measure for
the prevention of such frauds will deserve
jour earnest attention. It will only be
needful to beware, lest the jiroposed rem
edy for O' e class of evils, become the
source of others still more grievous.
The subject of amendments of the State
Constitution must necessarily come under
your consideration at the present session.
Upon a former occasion I submitted to
you ray views in favor of amendments pro
viding for an impartial distribution of po
litical power among all portions of the
State and for the adequate rujiresentation
of every interest, by Single Districts; and
seeming effective supervision over every
department of administration and a ready
adaption of legislation to the .wants 'and
wishes of the people, by'-Annual Sessions.
Much dissatisfaction is expressed with
the constitutional organization of the Ju
diciary, and particularly .with the system
of District Courts. Some relief from the
inconveniences complained of m ay be
gained by repealing the legislative pro
visions for jury trials in tli 1 .'.strict Courts,
and by relieving them from holding more
annual terras than the Constitution abso
lutely requires Wh th)r for the present
the evils of the existing system shall be
redressed as far us possible by these or
other expedients, or an attempt shall be
made to effect a more radical cure through
an amendment of the Constitution, I sub
mit, respectfully, to your better judgment.
. Other amendments of the constitution
may, doubtless, be made with advan
tage. I suggest only tho.-e which seem to
be most essential, and most generally de
manded by the public sentiment.
The internal concerns and interests of
the State will chiefly engage your deliber
ations: but its relations to the National
Government, and to the other members of
the Confederacy, cannot be altogether dis
regarded. - . .
Having surrendered to the Federal
Government, among other great preroga
tives, the important powers of maintain
ing an Army and Navy, and of raising
revenue by duties on imports, it becomes
the duty of the' States to observe its ac
tion which ever jealous vigilence.
The tendency to wasteful extravagance
and to centralization of : power, which
alarmed the fears of the early patriots, has,
of late years, become more and more con
spicuous. Enormous revenues, contribut
ed by the people, almost unconsciously,
iu the form of enhanced prices, foster in
the National Legislature a contempt of
economy, and encourage combinations for
tefference by National Legislation."
'Tlie abolition of Slavery,"-said Mr. .
Jeffersox, at the commencement of the'
Revolutionary struggle "is the greatest,
object of. desire n these colonies.", "It
is the "pride and boast of America," said .:
Mr. "Madison, : speaking at the close of ;
the w;ar in behalf of the American Con-, '
gress "that the rights for which she con- '
tenaed were the rights of human nature." '
"There is but oue proper way," said ..
UEOroe W AsuiftSGTON, speaking at a still
later period of the abolition of Slavery
"by which it can be accomplished, and ?
that is by legislative authority, and ihiv
so far as my suffrage can go, shall sot be " '
wanting." . V-"..' -V-
' We need not hesitate to walk ii the-
paths : marked by the footsteps ol the. :
Fathers.,". -' .- - ; -. . 'J ' -;'
" Within the last two months I have re- ".
ceived several communications from emi- :
grants to Kansas from"" Ohio: earnestly. C -appealing
for " protection ' anct:aid.' - Of r'
these appeals "one was in the" form of an .
affidavit from eleven ; citizens imprisoned. .'
uuder various charges . at Lecompton '
Ten of these prisoners, though formerly
citizens of . Ohio, are now residents ; hi : .
Kansas. Th eleventh, an ' old man or
seventy- yearogoldieT "near half a eentn '.
ry ago uT.drLjackson, .was still a citizen
of Ohio, on a visit to some friends in'tLe
Territory. - The real offence of all was '
the defence of 'Free State homes against -'
Slave State invasion. Their seizure, their
imprisonment, their indictments, and their
cruel treatment, constitute a d&rk ehapter
iu the dork history of wrong -: and out ,
rage in Kansas.
On receiving this appeal I thought it
right to address an earnest letter to Gov '
Geary in behalf of the prisoners. ? ? also
sent for their immediate' relief a sum of i ;i
money contributed by private beneficence, ' .
which, however, failed to reach the desti-. .
nation in consequence of the necessary-.: '
return of the gentleman to whom it waa --
entrusted without having entered the Ter ' - -
ritory. ' It gives me 'pleasure to inform .."
you that most of these prisoners have ; -
since escajied or have been acquitted. sv I " -am
not aware that any of them yet rt '
main in confinement. ;. , ; : :'t$4
Another of these communications cornea";:.
from a committee of Ohio Settlers io -. ,
Kansas, rejiresenting, tjiat the eraigranta. '
from Ohio number several hundred : that; I. V
they emigrated to Kansas in the full faiths . "I
of jeace a nd protection : that- they held!
no doctrines other tbaa such as are com-." r .
mou in Ohio: that,' coming from a Free .
State'and holding such sentiments,, they '
are practically disfranchised by odious, '
test oaths: that many of their numbe. '
have been killed: many robbed; and all. ; '
subjected to grierous indignities and Tn-v-- :
juries: that they have appealed in vain t'o ' ' ..
the Federal Government : for protection j. .
and that the strife, which has at present ' 3
ceased, may recomracuce, at any momeatj! .
when a new attempt shall be made to en- 1
force the spurious codeof an alien legis.; rt
lature. In the event of a new ontbre!"
these settlers ask the protection of. Ohio.' "
Thc other communications detail - the i v
circumstances of particular outrages.; V . '
These representations cannot be prop
erly disregarded. As an ; equal member, i.'
ofthe confederacy, Ohio is entitled to de-.
mandfor her citizens : emigrating to the -Territories,
free ingress and egress by the. -
ordinary routes,' and complete protection,
from invasion, from usurpation and from ? -;
lawless violence. If the General Govern- " -ment
refuses this 'protection! fcan.noi-.-TVs'
doubt the right or the duty of te State. ' '
to intereene. . - . , .
There is good " grounds; hoover. fos v l
the hope that the worst is over in Kansas. r
From fche Free State press of the .Terri; ' v. .
tory, and from other reliable ' sources, as-. '
surauces are received that peace, order and
security .are re-established, for the present -
at least, within its limits. ' Many ef tbe . ' -' :
most dangerous of the marranders kaYe y
left the Territory, and a disposition : is '
manifested by the present Territorial Got ;
ernor, to respect and protect the rights cf '
Free State settlers. There is reason id
expect that the most obnoxious eeU cf. ;;- 7.
the Peeudo-Legislatare will be abrogated, . .
and that the bad, design of the repeal cf.
the Missouri Prohibition, will b4 defeated .
by the virtue and intelligence ofthe people. .
Meanwhile there is mucn distress e -
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