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The spirit of democracy. [volume] (Woodsfield, Ohio) 1844-1994, March 18, 1857, Image 2

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RRIS it VV I LLl A M S. , . Proprietors.
i ERB- WILLIAMS'. y. ...Editor.
ooDsneno, 01110, m arch is. tssr
! f The Coort . of Common Pleas of this
; . taw, - commences -it 'session to-day,
jTuesday;)' Judge Okey" on the bench,
there ia a large amount!, of business on
jiands (sufficient, perhaps, to
Cort iu seaBion three weeks.
keep the
The trial
St .Henderson for killing Myers will prob
aUj 'comc off during' the third week, if
y Wlndictt
Indictment is found. '
The Township Elections come off
I . In the 6th of April Send and tct your
I vC'tctai Pr'ntet gentlemen. We wi
- V ft J
as dirt. :
I fa" John -Williamson of this nlnpft
-v . .- I
Was appointed Infirmary Director, by the
ounty Commissioners, at their late scs
ion, in place of Richard Clegg, res'gned.
first rate appointment. - ."'."'.- ;-: ;
? $3George Wier, of Cambridge, has
'rutinn tfia flariatclun tA irhilt thi flnn.
gressional district is entitled. .William
Biacfalra tem will expire in June. From
1 1 resent indications be will Graduate amooir
e siars.-7'w-..; , . . :. ,: :
. TV were, iu error last week ia
regard to the appointment of Attorney
General : of ; the United Sutes. - The
"espatch which contained the announce-
, meftta,. merely ; said ."for Attorney Gen
Iraj, J31ack.V We trnpposed it to be Col.
yfeamuel, of PennsylTania, bnt it turns out
j j. uc iereaiiau o. iiiacK, lor many yer
p ; a?hief 'Justice of the same State.
lTThe United ' States Senate was
hate adjonrned on Saturday last.' The
Veitra. session was called, to confirm' the
; Wntmenta- of the President. .
-Tha letter from .Washington on
outside should : hare appeared last
bnt waa crowded out, '
f-Jm We were a good while in doubt
whether to, eretEt the story about Presi-
"tent Buchanan and others being poisoned
i- K by dead rats being la the water tank of
rof . the papers ccr.ndenUy- adrmed it while
), others as rcrtiftatlpuslj denied - It. " It
i -1 tarns oct to be true that a number of per
. faona ; became diseased from drinking the
watef, one of irhom, Mr. Lennox, of Co
lunsituSXl The recorery of ji
yDkvsQaV xt Va. Uf'sSU doubtful, -: A 11
the rest have atQut recovered.: v'
: .IIfldaxy QoTernor of Jlineaota. ,
j jWe learn VtbatjCoI. Medary has been
tppoiuted GoTernor of the Territory of
llineaota. - We are heartily glad that the
L Colonel's almost invaluable services to the
democracy; and bis excellent qualifications
:OT an ouciat posmoo are rcuicwucicu.
1 fOor aly tesret la that his reward- is not
tTTTlie remains of Dr. Kane were
- received with great honors in all the cities
through which they pAssed. When they
it h Atnr nnmn onrf .parptnnnf . 1 Hfln
,uy one has received for many years.
li : Can r
5.olehlU become Sloun
;'..-v ' V.:-.:-: :ialna. .r-i
-',We End; the. following aceoaat of the
r-lvirt gedy which - occurred in this county
'X ' few weeks "ago; in the Belmont Chronicle,
; copied from the Wheeling Timet. We
I fif : nMmi)lir:l ' hat a clew and lucid
a IIoobiblb McRDta'. Intelligence reach
ed this city' yesterday of the commission
vt a horrible "murder near Sisteisville
M'' A: on the 1 Ohio rever. 'It appears that a
.-U 'man waeied Jacob Mayrs "and another
'.M r- Hanitiinian. net it duoIic bouse
IS lint h nn Shookon Bears river about
: . naiuvM w . . .
f 1 W s s w J - ' '
one. mile out ia Monroe couuty Ohio, op-
: ? posite Sisterstille.
An altercauon took
- hetween Makers aud lleuderson,
A Akin the latter struck the 'former with
t, soma sharp loetru men t with such force as
..' a Almost sever bis aeau uvui ui uuuj
, .favers lived bt a'short time afterwards,
J aud lleaderson was arrested aad is now
f 4 , v Ifinff iu iail at Woodsfield. We under
T- S x'' fetaud that a murder was committed at this
4 house some time ago. W. Times,
t , .i For fear of spoiling the effect of the
paragraph; we eopyr it letter for letter,
I; We suggest that, a
from .Wheeling and StUiairsvme ue cm-
v ploved 'to "ascertain whether Bears river
got a mile oat in Aionroe coumj oppo-
Ue SisterBTille,'and, if, so, that they be
Instructed to remove it forthwith. ' --The
remainder of the story is about as near
' correct a the Bears river portion.,. - v :
'jL Wa would like to inquire of some one
'informed on the' subject, (not wishing to
insinuate aiiytamg, nowever,; wneiucr iac
liquor law Is
rigidly enforced about St.
Daolston of the Dred Scott Case The
Slavery Question Disposed of
' .Misaeuri Compromise Uncoa-... .r
' ." ' . stitutional, etc. : . ' -
After the most Teamed arguments by
the best legal talent in the XJuion, and the
most patient iorestigation by the Judges,
the Supreme Court of the United States
have decided the Dred Scott case. This
decision puts an eternal quietus on the
agitation of several of the most important
questions that have excited the people for
years. It is the death knell to sectional
ism, the olive branch of peace to the dis
tracted Nation, and a crown of glory to
patriotism and democracy
This decision, coming as it does from
the highest judicial tribunal in the world
front jurists no less eminent for their in
tegrfty, than their wisdom far above a
suspicion of partiality, cannot fail to be
respected by the whole people of the Na
tion. . If there are any exceptions, they
will be a few fanatics who either utterly
denounce the Constitution, or shut their
eyes to every portion which does not con
form to their uanyvr and crooked views.
Seven of the njne judges concurred in
the decision a large majority, certainly,
for a question so ably contested and so
long unsettled.
The followinc: are the names of the
judges the last two named being the
dissenters : . r
It. B. Taney, of Maryland, Chief Jus
tice; J. M. Wayne, of Georgia, John
Catron, of Tennessee, P. V. Daniels, of
Virginia, J. A. Campbell, of Alabama,
S. Nelson, of New York, R. C. Grier, of
enn., ; John McLean, of Ohio, and B. R
Curtis, of Mass., Associate Justices.
The ease which brought these ques
Hons before the Court, was that of a
slave Dred Scott whose master had re
moved with him from the State of Mis
souri . into lllvuois, and aiterward re
turned with to Missouri. Scott brought
suit for his freedom, and the case was ear
rieei up to the Supreme Court of the Uni
ted States. The following, is the deci
sion as condensed, and published in the
National Intelligencer,
Washington, March 6. The decision
of the Supreme Court iu the Dred Scott
Case was delivered; to-day by Chief Jus
tice Taney.' It was a full and elaborate
statement of the views of the Court
They have decided the following all-
important points f -
1. That neeroes, whether slaves or
free, (that is, men of the African race) are
not citizens of the United States by the
yon8Utuion.. .. - . " ; - " "
St. That the Ordinance of 1781 had
no independent constitutional force or le- placing thereon many articles scarcely pro
gal effect subsequently to- the adoption of duced or rivaled in this couutry which en-
the Constitution, and could not operate
of itself to confer freedom or citizenship,
within the North-western Territories, upon
negroes, not citizens by the Constitu-
tion. - . . - . . r ; .
- 3. That the provision of the act of
820, commonly called the Missouri Com-
promise, is, so far as it undertook to ex-
elude negro slavery from, and communi-
cate freedom and citizenship to negroes
iu the northern part of Louisiana, was a
egislative act exceeding the powers of
Congress,. and, consequently, void and of
no legal effect to that end.
Iu deciding these main points the
Supreme Court has determined the follow
ing incidental points : . ,
lr. That the expression "Territory and
other property " of the Union, in the
Constitution, applies in terms only to such
territory as the .Union possessed at the
time of the adoption of the Constitution.
3." That the rights of citizens of the
United States, emigrating to any Federal
Territory, depend on the general provi
sions of the Constitution, which defines
in this, as iu all other respects, the pow
er of Congress.
S. As Congress does not possess poW'
er iu itself to make enactments relaftve to
persous or property of citizens of the
United States in tho Federal Territory,
other than such as the Constitution on
fers, so it cannot constitutionally delegate
any such powers to a Territorial Govern
ment, organized by it under the Const!
4. That the legal condition of a slave
in the State of Missouri is not effected
bv a temporary sojourn of such slave in
any other State, but on his return his con
dition still depends upon the laws of Mis
souri. . As the plaintiff was not a citizen
of Missouri, and therefore eould not sue
in the Courts of the United States, the
suit must be dismissed for want of juris
diction. .
The delivery of this opinion occupied
about three hours. It was listened to
with profound attention by a crowded
court room.
Among the auditors, were many gen
tlemen of eminent legal ability and a due
proportion of ladies. ..
, Justice Nelson stated the merits of the
case, ine Question oemg wnetner or not
the removal of Scott from Missouri with
his master to Illinois, with a view to a
temporary residence, worked his emanci
pation. He maintained that the question
depended solely on the laws of Missouri,
and for that reason the judgment of the
Court should be affirmed.
. Justice Catron believed that the Su
preme Court has jurisdiction to decide the
merits of the case. He argued that Con
gress could not do directly what it could
uot do . indirectly. If it could exclude
one species ;of property, it could another.
With regard to Territories, be said that
Congress could govern them only with the
restrictions of the States which ceded
ihera, and es tho Missouri act of 1820
violated the leading features of the Con
stitution," it was therefori xoid. He non-
curred with his brother judges that Scott
is a slave, ' and was so when . suit was
brought. : r . -
Washington, March 7. In the Su
preme Court of the United States . this
morning, Justice McLean delivered his
views arguing that slavery is limited to
the range of the State wherein established
by a mere municipal law. If Congress
deem slaves or free colored persons inju
rious to the Territory, they have the power
to prohibit them from becoming settlers
therein. The power to acquire territory
comes with the power to govern it.
The master does not carry with him to
the Territory the law of the State from
which he removes, hence the Missouri
Compromise is constitutional, and the pre
sumption is in favor of the freedom of
Dred Scott and his family, who were free
under the decisions for the last twenty-
eight years.
Justice Curtis dissented from the opin
ion of the majority of the Court, as de.
liveredby Chief Justice Taney, and gave
his reasons for dissenting.
The dissenting opinions of McLean and
Curtis can detract little from the prestige
of the decision. Judge McLean unfor
tunately expressed his opinion on most of
the points, when seeking the nomination
by the Republican party for President,
and before he had heard the arguments
or given the subject that attention which
it afterward received.
Those Republican leaders who have been
most industrious in drumming np a sec
tional party, and endeavoring to keep it
to together, will probably rant and blus
ter for a short time, but they will hardly
have the hardihood to incorporate into a
platform, or attempt to enact into laws
that which the court whose duty it is to
determine such matters has decided uncon-
stitutional Such 'a course would only
hurry their party out of existence. If
the decision blasts their hope for some fat
office, they must submit with as good a
grace as they caB, and go to work with
equal zeal in getting np some other
humbug. They can scarcely expect the
people to repudiate the Supreme Court
and the Constitution to follow their jack-o-
Thus is settled judicially, what the elec
tion of James Buehanan had already set
tled . practically that Congress has no
power over the question of slavery in the
territories.- The great principle ot pop
ular sovereignty is now firmly established.
The New Tariff Bill.
We have not yet received the particulars
of the final adjustment of the tariff. Its
principal features are, however the follow-
ing. . .
1. A large extension of the Free List,
ter as raw materials into the composition
of our Maufactures
2. A reduction of the present rates of
duty on Iron, Cotton and Wollen Fabrics
Hemp, Sugar, Wool costing over twenty
centper pound, most other articles which
now charge thirty, to twenty-five percent.
6. wool costing less than twenty cents
per pound will henceforth be free.
4. Distilled Spirits, Liquors, &c, hith-
erto charged one hundred percent, are re
duced to seventy-five per cent,
I 5. Wines, Cut Glass, Meats, Raisins,
Snuff, Cigars and all forms of manufactured,
Tobacco, all manufactures of Rosewood,
Mahogany, &c, Sweetmeats, Prunes, &c,
are reduced from forty per cent to thirty'
if not a lower figure
6. A general reduction of twenty per
cent on all articles not carried to the Free
List or reduced either to four or eight
Bills Passed by Congress.
The Thirty-Fourth Congress has closed
its session and its existence. As nearly
as we can ascertain, the following are
among the most importat acts which have
passed both Houses:
All the regular A pprorpiation Bills.
. The bill amending the tariff.
The bill providing for an overland Mail
from the Mississippi to San Francisco.
The bill increasing the pay of army offi
cers, with an amendment, giving Gen
Scott the pay refused to him by Secretary
Davis. . . J
'The Fortification Bilk :
The Post Route Bill.
Amendments to the Civil Appropria
tion Bill granting $1,000,000 for the
construction of waterworks in Washing
ton, and $500,000 for a new dome to the
Concord, N. H., March 11. -The Re
publican ticket doubtless elected through
out. Hale's majority for Gov. probably
3000. " v
second dispatch.
One hundred and thirteen towns give
Halenearly 21,000, Wells 18,000. Coun
cil . & Senate all Republican. House 125
Republicans. House, 125 Republicans,
52 Democrats. The Congressmen are all
Well Spoken. The New York Times
very sensibly remarks, in reference to
some of the outrageous comments that
have been made up on the decision of the
Supreme Court, that "If any section, or
any party, is to seek the annihilation of
whatever branch of the Government hap
pens to be against it, our political con
tests I will become struggles for national
Hfe-attempts to tear away, one after an
other, the limbs of the body politic." -
ISpThe draft of Washington's Fare-
well' address, in his own handwriting, has
recently been stolen from the State De
partment at Washington, and all Mr.
Marcy 'a efforts to reepver it have been
uusaecsssfaK .
The state of suspense the public, par
ticularly that portion of it known as politi
cians, has ' been kept in for some weeks
past, was yesterday relieved by the tele
graphic announcement of the new cabinet.
Some members of it,' to be sure, were pret
ty certainly known, but several 'of the
Bureaux were in a glorions state of un
certainty; and, excepting the Secretary
ship of Stute, and the Treasury, it was
not known what would be the relative
positions of the advisers of Mr. Buchanan.
This long agony, however, is over, and
we will now proceed to say a few words
of them, notwithstanding tho familiarity
of our readers with the public career of
most of them. -
This veteran diplomatist and statesman,
having been selected for the post of honor,
the country feels relieved, inasmuch as the
chieftain and the " peer of Presidents"
has been designated. That the high po
sition which the State department has
assumed under Mr. Marcy will not be low
ered by Gen. Cass, ia the universal ex
preasion. Lewis Cass was born in Exeter,
New Hampshire. He studied law in
Marietta, Ohio, under the late Gov. Meigs
He was elected member of the Lcgiala
ture of that Stat in 180S, appointed
Marshal in 1807; volunteered in 1812,
under Gen. Ilnll, and appointed Brigadier
General; and civil Governor of Michigan
in 1813. It is known that the Governor
of Territories are ex-oflicio superinten
dents of Indian Affairs. As Commis
sioner, Gen. Cass consummated twenty
one treaties with the Indian tribes of the
North West. In 1831 Gen. Cass was
called to preside over the War Depart
ment, under Gen. Jackson, which he filled
with the highest honor. He was after
wards selected as Minister to France,
during which time he gained much dis
tinction. In 1844 his name was offered
for the Presidency by a large portion of the
Democracy. In 1845 he was elected to
the United States Senate, where he has
been ever since, and regarded as one of
the wisest and ablest of that body. In
1848 he was nominatedfor the Presidency.
Mr. Cass is seventy-five years of age, but
is well preserved. His selection, as Sec
retary of Slate, will be hailed with great
satisfaction in every part of the States.
Mr. Cobb was born in Georgia, in 1815,
aud graduated at Franklin College, at the
age of nineteen. Admitted to the bar in
1 836; and elected by the Legislature Soli
citor General. Elected to Congress in
1842, to which post he was re-elected aud
made Speaker of the House of Represen
tatives over R. C. Winthrop, and re-elected
to Congress again. He was also Gov.
of his native State. Mr. Cobb 13 con
sidered by all, one of the ablest men of
his age in the country, and we have no
doubt will reflect credit upon the depart
ment to which ho has beea designated.
Mr. Floyd has long been a distinguished
politician of Virginia, and has been recog
nized as a state's right Democrat of the
strictest school. As Govern'or of Vir
ginia he has gained fresh launs and long
been looked upon ns a veryable man.
Mr. Floyd is the fifth Secretary of War
from Virginia, the mother of Presidents.
We look for, and promise a brilliant ad
ministration of the War Department un
der Mr. Floyd.
Mr. Toucey, it has been thought all
along, would be tendered the Attorney
Generalship, probably because he served
in that capacity before, in 1849, 'under
the administration of President Polk.
He has been several times elected to Con
gress, from Connecticut, and his time, as
United States Senator, for six years, has
just expired. It is the first time Connec
ticut has ever furnished a Secretary of the
Navy, although Massachusetts has had
the honor of filling the position seven
Mr. Thompson has been a member of
several Congresses. He is considered an
able man, and . an eloquent speaker. Iu
Mississippi, Mr. Thompson is looked upon
as one of the foremost champions of the
Democracy; modest in demeanor, but in
flexible in principle. He was the leader
in the Mississippi delegation in the Cin
cinnati Convention, which nominated Mr.
Buchanan, and has always been his ardent
frieiid. The duties of the Interior De
partment will be carefully and thoroughly
supervised by Mr. Thompsoa.
Judge Black is so well known in the
Keystone State, whose Supreme Bench he
has adorned since 1851, that not to know
him would argue an incredible degree of
ignorauce. He is about forty-eight years
of age, possesses one of the best intel
lects in Pennsylvania, and, as a lawyer,
stands second to no other man in the
state. ve believe ne never nela any
otherthan a judicial position, and there
fore his honors have all been won iu that
noble profession that boasts of a Mans
field, a Marshall and a Gibson. He was
first appointed Judge of the Somerset
District, by Gov. Porter, and after serving
ten years, was elected one of the Supreme
Bench in 1851, under the amendment to
the Constitution, making the judiciary
elective. . During the short term he be-?
came the successor of Chief Justice Gib
son, and it is a great aud well deserved
honor to say that he was a worthy sue
ccssor to that great luminary of the law
In 1854 he was re-elected by a handsome
majority, notwithstanding the tide of bigo
try aud fanaticism which swept the State
under the name of Know-Nothingisni.
That Mr. Buchanan could have selected
a, better man for Attorney General, from
Pennsylvania, or iu the . Union, we have
strong reason to doubt.
Aaron tENABLES brown, p. m.
Mr A. V. Brown is a man of unbound
ed popularity in Tennessee, where he was
elected Governor in 1845 over E. H.
Foster, one of the strongest Whigs in the
State. He is the son of a revolutionary
soldier, who distinguished himself at Val
ley Forge, and other battles of the Rev
olution. He sat in the Legislature of
Tennessee until 1839, when he Was elect
ed to Congress, where he served six years,
and then denied a re-election. In 1845
he was elected Governor, and 6ince then
has not been in public life, except as elec
tor in 1848 and 1852, when he canvassed
the State, and lent the influence of his
eloquent tongue in behalf of Democratic
principles. It was to Gov. Brown, when
a member of Congress, some twelve Or
thirteen years ago, that General Jackson
addressed his celebrated letter in favor of
the annexation of Texas the letter that
called upon the country to seize the then
"present golden moment" for securing a
valuable acquisition to its territory, and
which had so controlling an influence upon
that great measure. He was the author
of the platform adopted by the Baltimore
Convention in 1852, and which was re
affirmed by the Democracy at Cincinnati
in 1856. He is sixty-two years of age,
althongh, from having led a temperate
and virtuous life, he looks at least" ten
years younger. Mr. Brown wilt, without
(loabt, administer the arduous duties of
Postmaster General with credit to himself
and advantage to the country.
If the ship of State is not navigated
safely for the next four years, it will not
be for want of an experienced captain at
the helm, and safe counsellors to advise
him in the hour of danger. -
Pitts. Post
Address of the Vice-President.
On taking his seat as President of the
Seuate, the Hon. J. C. Breckcnridge made
the following address:
Senators: In assuming the duties of
this station, I am quite conscious that I
bring to their discharge few other qnalifi
cations than a deep sense of the importance
of this body to the scheme of Govern
ment, and a feeliug of respect for its mem
bers. Happily my duties are compara
tively few and simple, aud I am sure they
will be made easy by a prevading sense of
propriety, which will of itself be sufficient
on all occasions to preserve the diguity and
decorum of the Seuate.
4In administering the rules which you
have adopted for the convenience of your
Proceedings, I shall often need your kind
indulgence, and I anticipate with confi
dence your forbearance towards the errors
that spring from inexperience. Cherishing
the hope that our official and personal in
tercourse will be marked by mutual confi
dence and regard, I look forward with
pleasure to our association in the perfor
mance of public duties.
It shall be my constant aim, gentlemen
of the Sjnate, to exhibit at all times and to
every member of this body the courtesy
and impartiality which are due to the rep
resentatives or equal States.
Dreadful Bail road Accident
Toronto. Canada March 13.
An accident occurred on the Great West
ern Railroad train which left here this af
ternoon for Hamilton. The train ran off
the bridpre above Hrmiltoii, precipitating:
the engine, baggage car, two passenger
cars iuto the water; one locomotive and
baggage car passed over in safety; but the
two rear cars containing 120 passengers,
fell through, and between 60 and 80 per
sons were supposed to. be killed on the
spot. Anion;? the killed are Saml. Zim-
mermau the well known banker and con
tractor. Many of the bodies have been
taken out, and all arc more or less man
gled; most of them are beyond, recovery.
The bridge was partially broken down,
and the cars on top of each other. They
fell a distance of 50 feet
The excitement caused by this terrible
catastrophe is beyond precedent.
Later. The disaster of yesterday oc
curred to a local accommodation train of
this city bound to Hamilton, and contaied
from 15 to 100 passengers, out of which
number only 15 were taken alive from the
wreck, and of these, 5 have since died.
The engineer aud fireman were pitched
headlong into the canal. Tho baggage
car and two passenger cars that went
through the bridge are a complete wreck
A large number of men are to-day en
gaged in extricating the dead from the
wreck, fifty dead bodies, including men,
women and children are laid out on the
floor of an out house in the vicinity; many
of whom have been indentified.
Nineteen other dead bodies lie in one of
the Company's buildings, only 3 ef which
nave been muentihed. jhe passengers
mostly belonged to this city aud Hamil
ton, and included many prominent and
influential citizens.
KgfLady Franklin,- says the London
Veirs, has addressed aud published a let
ter to Lord Palmerston, seeking to eu
gage the sympathy of those in power in
the dispatch of an expedition in search of
the remains of the Franklin party. She
endeavors to show what the proposed
search may cost, and observes: "This
fical and exhausting search i3 all I seek
in behalf of the first and only martyrs to
Arctic discovery in modern times, and it
is all I ever intend to ask."
3gjf"A dispatch from Belfast Maine,
dated on Monday, says: "Our municipal
election to-day resulted in a tie vote for
Mayor, and consequently there has been
no choice. The Democrats have a major
ity in the City Council. Last year the
Republicans were in the asceudant by
oue hundred and thirty majority," : .
The "volcano" in Virginia turns out
to be a rather small affair. - It is located
12 miles west of Centreville, is nothing
more than a hole in the 'IImting Ground
Mountain," about a foot in diameter, out
of which hot uir and a little smoke
issue?, . . "...
Arrival of
the Steamship Kangaroo.
. v New York, March 12. ;
The steamship Kangaroo has arrived
with Liverpool dates to the 25th, 4 days
ater than the Persia. '.'.'... ' ;
There is now every prospect of the am-.
icablc settlement of the Persian difficulty.
The ministerial crisis ia the British
Parliament has passed, an amendment
having been negotiated, so that the Bud
get is considered as having virtually been
adopted. - '.L.
The London Times contains a leader
on the virtual rejection by the American
Senate of the Clarendon-Dallas treaty.
The Times deprecates a renewal of nego
tiations on the Central Americau ques
t'lOn. .
Madrid papers still discuss the outrages
inflicted upon Spanish citizens in Mexico.
It is announced that 8,000 troops are
to be sent immediately to Cuba, to replace
those which are sent to Mexico.
Fears were entertained at Madrid of
another insurrection. - Large quantities
of arms and amunition had been found hid-
deu in the city, aud it was believed that
the Democrats and Progressionists had
conspired together agaiust the govern
ment. , ' . , - ' - .
A diplomatic circular from the Spauisli
minister at Paris, explains the oriarin of
the dispute with Mexico, and the intentions
of the Spanish government
Au imposing force is to be dispatched
to Mexico, ana the most energetic meas
ures employed to obtaiu redress. '
Orders have beeu sent to the squadron
lyiug at Malum to proceed to Cadiz and
join the expedition.
Aline of battle ship and three war
steamers have also beeu detailed for the
same destination.
Paris Tuesday. A settlement has
taken place between England and Persia.
The conditions will be agreed upon on
Friday. ... .
It is rumored that the Russian troops
have disembarked at Balfrus, on the Cas
pian sea, and that the Russians forward
ed munitions of war to Teheran, v.
Lord Derby brought up in Parlia
ment a resolution condemning the Chi?
ncse war, and supporting it with a speech
in which he maintained that the Chinese
outrages and
infractions "do not justify
the hostile
operations that have taken
- Westport, Feb 23.
A gentleman writing to a friend iu'this
city, from near port Union, says that the
Sievr Mexico Indians are more and more
hostile to the whites, "and that government
must subdue them before property and life
will be safe iu that country. All acquain
ted with the facts agree in this, and the
matter should not be neglected. :
The Legislature has adjourned. It clos
ed its session on the night of the 20th.
Governor Geary signed the bill . establish
ing a mother bank at LeavenTorth City,
and five branches at various points, but he
vetoed the Convention bill. It was pass
ed over his vote. I sent you a eopy of
this bill some time ago. It passed with
out material amendment. An.' election
will be held under it, ou the 3rd Monday
in June, for delegates to the Convention;
none but those who are resideuts of Kan
sas, on the 16th of March," will be- per
mitted to vote.
Tiie Convention will meet on the first
day of September,, at Leeoiupton, to form
a State Convention.
Several boats, crowded with emigrants
from all ports, have arrived. -
As to the prospects of peace, I notice
that at a meeting here on Thursday, the
26th, the following resolutions were adop
ted having passed without dissent:
We, the citizens of Westport, in Jack
son county, Missouri, having assembled
in Mass Meeting to take steps, whereby
peace shall be maintained, on the border
of Kansas and Missouri during the ensu
ing season of emigration, are:
Resolved, That we will resist every ef-
fort and frowu on every movement inten-
ded or calculated to produce troubles like
those of the last Spring and Summer.
Resolved, That we extend to emigrants,
no matter Irom what section they may
come, a hospitable welcome and all the
protection of person and property, that
a rigid observance of the rules of hospi
tality and laws of the land will secure, so
long as they do not interfere with our
propery, violate our laws, or abuse our
hospitality. ;
Resolved, That while we deplore the oc
currences of last Summer, and will oppose
every endeavor to renew them, We declare
that Abolitionism was the first cause of
them, and although we are as much as ev
er opposed to those who belong to the
Abolition party, we will leave the laws of
Kansas and Missouri to operate upon
them and punish whatever violations of
law, they may be guilty of.
Does not that look like peace? If the
Free State men of Kansas will meet u3
half way, there can be no war. May it
be so. St. Louis Republican. ' ' .
Mr. ArrLETON, the new editor of
the Union, takes charge of that paper,
with the determination to support the ad
ministration of James Buchanan, with all
the ability which belongs to him. , The
retiring editor of the Union, Mr Nichol
son, says, he has supported Mr. Pierce's
administration "with slight exceptions"
among these, we presume, is the course
pursued with regard to Central Americau
affairs! . ; 1 ,
The. Wheat. The Staunton Vindi
cator learus that the wheat in some parts
of Augusta county, Va., still presents an
unpromising appearance, though the late
fine weather has had a . visible effect up
on it. . - - -
r North Wejstern. lUiUtUD. The
Parkersburs. .Va., Gazette states that
through tickets are now sold at that place
for Baltimore, Philadelphia,. New York,
Washington and other easteru cities. . .
: (From the Ohio Statesman.) . '
1 f: J Wednesday, March 4 ."1 Jv'
Sestate.: The senate bccuDied the day .. '"'.'
in discussing the repodiattng : respIaiioiBS' ;'i';lt,')4 -.
and finally passed them. -v: ',.'-:-'; ''S,'j'?-'.,:-v', '
,1. HousE.--rA large number of bills were . v V- C
read the first time. : ' . . - : "
. Nothing of much. importance- done in C:
either house. .4;-i'-i. .-' .X
:-r,i .-'...t.'-V: k tiAMarch" xS;'
Senate. Mr. .Kelly's bjlLsubmitting;
a new bauk law to the people passefi "
A resolution to adjournitn dieJ6 . -J
1 1 th of March" was laid on the table. V VHt
House. Littledone,v;'!-l;'?'v
l.:'- . ''. Monday,'; March 7. ..', ...
- Senate. Not in session.- : ,
House. House bill 201 ; to amend tha 1:;. . .
act to prescribe the duties of 8iioeryisors"-'A'.J. '.:"V-
nassed veas fifi'navs ?."." : -' " . .". . .
,,The .bill provides for an increase of the ??VCy$ Sh
roud tax bythe county commissioners, iii .'." ' - -V--: ) '-,'
counties where the . valuation js less than '"!VAVi''S?;' V
two millions of dollars, and an additional ; .'..."-" ' ff-.
levy by the trustee of townships where '
the valuation is less than three min'ionb:'i:v
It further provides that if the trustees of. v.;
any towhship, or the .city authorities of a
any city shall certify to the commissioners ' ';
on or before the first Monday in Jnue, ;t f,
annually, that no road taxis necessary for ; '"i
the current ycarr no tax shall be levied in . "'
such towuship or city by the county com- V
missiouers.-," It also leaves the time when
all road work shall be done with the com-'
missioners to determiue, not later than J .
the first of October. '- '' '" .-Vj'. ' - "iy
" Tuesday, March 10. ' ; :
Senate. The committee on enrollment i Z
reported the following among other bills,-' -:
which, being signdR by the presiding offi-sv
cer, are therefore laws: .' ' . ..'" -;' .
To amend the act ' in relation to the . .
duties - of County V i Commissioners.-.
This law "makes it the duty of the Com- . .
missioners to make a detailed statement -of
their' official transactions, on or before
the second Mdnday of June, to the Court '
of Common Plca, yrThe' Conrt' shall re-.' ).k
quire. two ;ccnipetent persons to 'examine; '
t Y .3 :i l: J .
iiib repui i; aim ii js iu . oe: pnntea at in
expense of thecountyv : Section 1 of tlie jc
ac't prescribiog the duties of County Com-;;,
missioners, passed i April .S - 1856, f is -repealed.,
-': ' . ;' LxcH '. ;t ;;
An , act authorizing the County Cora-'. -:
missioners, when they shall deem it neces
sary, to ' provide an office ut the county-
scat for County Snrveyors.v1-r1?5''-iA'-:-ir!.:
Aii act to authorize.' Justices of the y:
Peace:, to purchase. Warren's Ohio crimi- v
nal law and form. " .:.A- ,
'An act 'transferring $200,000. from tha, V.J;;
Sinking Fund to the Canal Fund. :' -House.
A; resolution to adjourn on
the 2d day- of April vwas j laid -"on th';
table.-:;-: :yy---: . 'A;.;
' ' ' ? v vYednesday, 'Ma rch 1 1 :'';,;'
Senate. --A bill waV introddceii pro-X ; V
viding for the, sale of the: Slate's stock ..
railroads, canals and turnpike compniiles :
: House. T-Mostof ' tlie day Vs spent ; .
in committee of the whole discnssitig. the
amendments tbthe'Constituaou
amendtnentswere W&de TJfpi '-''5?a'9.
- X-c;; '. V,'; ' "t ' . Tiiursd YM arc h 1 2 . y ;
Senate. -The House 4dlL'. to protect
fi.h jiud fis!ierie3 was "passed," ; This bill -H t
prohibits 'persons froni ' placing set nets i.'J
across t he mouth -of .large strearan. .' ... j "
iliinsft bill to prohibit the use of .counr"
ty jails for the confinement - of, fugitives ."
from labdr,: passed. f vz , ; L'-;'..;;'.':
House-. Tlie-House discussed certain' 7
amendments to the Constitution;" one of
which provides for paying members of the . " ; .i -Legislature
for 100 days. onlyA: j .";Cf v..yr '
Washington; items,
The telegraph announces that the Pres
ident has rejected " the Mcxicau treaty, "I
without sending it to the Senate. ..." -
The Senate has ratified the Dallas-!
Clareudou treaty, in au ameuded:rform,
by a vote of 31. against 15.:; 'M ,v: -;
The foreign 'Ministers, in a body, were-.
introduced to the President, by Miv Cass
on the'. 1 2th . iust.V" at the White House. ;
M. Sartiges, tho senior member of the? -
diplomatic corps, made the congratula
tory address, to which the President feH
citously replied. : Tue occasion was ouo
of much interest.
The- representatives of the ; various-
presses in Washington addressed a highly ;
complimentary letter to Mr. , Banks, pre
vious to the .expiration of ; the term,-as
Speaker of, the House, : to' which ; he haa:
replied in thankful terms,; saying the in
dustry and early - intelligence, which gavof
value to yourselves, is often the subject of
commendation, aud to this lam happy to
add that, so far as I am able ;to judge.
you have been guided as much by a -de- .
sire to do justice to individuals, aa to pro-?
mote the public service. -. ";.., -:: '-::".;;;
Acidity of tho Stomach, andlixdigestion. ."- '. ' -
" I can eat any thing after talking your n '
Holland Bitters," is a remark frequently '-'Mii'l
made to ns. : ' '. , ' ' .-
'..To persons troubled with acidity of thoA " 'S v
stomach, Indigestion, or ' any disorder of; y i: ?5
the stomach," we would .only say . try tt,
Its world-wide reputation, has been estabV. '
lished alone by the manywbtiderfuJi , c3otei',:.r-3i' "???
it has effected. . When used for I 'yspepj- . -..;. . :'
sia, Jauudiee, ;Liver cpmplaiut,-weakness. r :I '"A
of auy - kind,; Costiveuess and . Pilcktjt;J. :; -
should be taken ia,small doscs-r-say, hlf ; : ' -
a teaspoonful, regularly three times. a day, v"" ' '"-".'-'
oeiore meaia. ... -r.--? :..,v --...-..,; ?r- . - :
v- . Wheeling Wholesale Market.. ' - '' J-
FLOUR Super,: perbbl. $5,1)050 V ';'-.
Extra, . 5,50 a5,75; Rye Flour, 4,50; ' ; '
GRAIN Wheat,' per tu: l,t0al,13;!
Oats, 37; Corn, eOMpLASSESN. - - i ; : s
in bbls per gal.,' 75; Sugar 'House; 85 j'' V '
Golden; Syrup, 85; PROVISIONS t
Beef cattle, on hoof,' 3; .IUm.s,.suibked V . .-. :
12; Shoulders, 10; Sides, Sheep' oi: ; V-t -
hoof, : 2a3; " Beans; 2,50; ' EggsC'lgft- " v' - V- V r
SALT PUbur?. per bbl, 2,25; Kana-1
wa, per bu, 40; SUGAR N. O fair to -S- J'
prime ltal2 Crushed aud ' grauolated, '
15a lr . - - '.S- - ;
' v 'y? :-y-: -;.v-".:':;:;-.-U::..-r.l'v
7, -V. ""-
- ' 's- --"'-w

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