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. 4 i- 3 .V" if' f i. V: ' V . . . TXr ' f (. V.- r r . wtJTO- mm hr- to j0littCSt Bmtstit Tctos,- itcratiiR, Ijje tfls mttf tentes, llOBfilS &; WlLUlPiifacrs and ' Proprietors. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MOllNING, TERSIS :--$l,50 per Annum, AdvasJd H.' ? :-" VOLUME XIV: WOODSFIELD, MOMOE COUNTY, OHIO, MARCH 25, 1857. Ii v mi . 1 1 . n ,7 ... OP 'd ill T77 l'. H t- ' TJ II "1 I 7; l-i 1 1 ;1 1 T 7-V I isqtts . J irf '" 11 Ji I V m ' " ' : it . T. - .... . .: . -' i 1 r2 .frti 'i.t-'MBEB: ii 1 in" ' i 1 K : r i. at- " - "- " 5 t. 41 i t l.fi-.-M;?ii the Cirictnn4ti Enquirr. t r5.:BT.BqBBKT H THOMPSON, won- v'The' rotary of science) the "gallant 'jroung Tha Wailv-Jia3. gone" forth ier the treadth' bf our land, " l ,--- '-" And is home on this wings of the wind o'er . : . the main; " " 'J And Britannia will mburh'Tor' the Chief of ; -fcii.) :-'thatbnd,!Hr "tUIMs : . . ' !Whose proud fleed are' written in letters of ' ' "' . name!i"fciiH"5 tvr: w :!! ' srfi i-c ' ; It fi ."The' warrior: returning froiu, cpMs stained with ' j Eeceivea romV his .country ,r Jhe honors, he Yet . his dreamy ret disturbed by the canuon'a An4 the orphan's loud cry are borne to his ears lommDit mourns -deeply the loss of ason, "Who toicli'' plain 'iiiV.'saariT on theLriaht scrolT of Fame, . . WhoSe laurels are prouder tliari "warrior e'er TyhU hefore-iinrisfekelotorishast front i Oi"thhreath,of?th'e wind the " poor widow's J . Humanity sickens when it hears their sad tale, v , j And' exclaims' What are' honors thus pur. ' ", -ciiased with tears?"- - " A Tictory .bloodiest our hero hath won v; .i' He. hath inade ' for himself imperishable ; vymerJ''''";v'r i'- '" , And SO long as the earth' revolves round the .. crr: . 'suni ;:;.s "-i r-;i- :;!' ' -: -v '.. "Oif rirers their races to fold ocean" ran, " "? -r - Will Sdience'reiaenibeflls ehMd Dr. Kane. He conquered the Ice King" his barriers pul- ,j jthepame" e .Columbia .he .Seized his . . , r domains; - .-.. ft(51 placed en :hia yonng bVow the-ell tyrant's 'J "s.- v4'-'-t . And king o'er i the joe-flelds triumphantly eeigus, l -i jiit ' i" s;.oj Columbia mourns . deeply ;-ri Siiti i iiua, uwuir "buo ivan v i a..a .- The tright child t genius the brare hcar- -ted Kane; ' ' '. Buf she ne or will forget the proud triumphs . ... ,-he won,v , . rv , . .v; ..... '''That gave "to her history aeSvpage of fame! ' IMPORT AOTftECiSION. , ; i)t cisioN 6yr uiTsupreme " COURT IX THE' DllU D V , SCOT CASE, ; ' 1 Chief-jVstiwT the opinion of the court, said thatf this case, ing iambu'gmembprsof tfie'eoort and hadf ihe VfCixqwtV Cburp . , of ,jhet U nited , -, ' alter arsrnmeni np .ine ,iast iiTmnus ui ' : v-M: recte'd tobereirgued at the pj-Vsent term .in . " c v order, 10 give xne bumeci more mature tier Mgr ltberation - 'J i"'T There were Wt leflldin'qncstionp; first, f,- ;. ' "States fo .ibe.Drict pf rMissouri jhrU - iJ y 'dictibu -in the east'- and if. h-had jurisdio-. :Z - ' . '..IIQU, .was li& ueuisiuu tjrrwueyu ur uuit :,i - :.-'h-cclendH denied,' by j.a ioabatifc - ' V. cntj the; jucisUlcttoa $t the 0ircuit Court ? ot the Suited StalcsDU the ground that ' , '': ; the plaintiff i' Is tt negrcf.f , African; de- ";. 'Bce.ut, his ancestors. ,werc,pX Jure. African "C y;':,..- bjpod,, and wcre: brought iHto, this country .Vi';iV; Van'd Wd,ras..lftve4v aad. therefore,, the t plaintiflf "-is not a cUizjen of. the State of . miirred," alidv-' the . court sustained the ue- raurreri ThiBreupoBtha defendant plead t .'......-;. nvpr "nnrl 'instififtd the tresnass on .'the V . ground ,that the phiratiff ;and his family ..'.f Veraj his negfo 'slaves;' :anu a statement of jk . .i -facts, atrreeano vy Doto parties, was reaa r - ' r. t-.r i...fV: . ' -h." The Chtef-ustice," having 'stated the i V; facts ln the c3et proceeded ina tone of voice almost-uaaWe;; io,-pay,n bud- tanci tjmt the.tqaestioiirst to' be deci f-ded waH,;whethcthe plaintiff ,was entitled , ttfue'itt a-'oourt-of ;tiie:ynUftd. States. "'. ' TMaa a. npcnlin.r mrftktinn. and for. the I ir".' first imarpoghtitvefore he conrt under ' Tv.-.uch5 circauJBtfai.ceSLbatit ad been, brought tere and It dntyj th court to r H . I ,:met anil . decide ;t.b.iqueafioiv wa iVT impiy this can a-' negro; -whosf ances- , f ; -, ? ' tiif &me4 ?aadf brjugnt '3otoiexisteace - tV'f&k cOUBtitotioo--of AJnitcd States, ; s .iidb" tccfm efrtifled tol'tlw ''-it'? ' TightiCand TinAiioiiie ofa.ciltsLenTne'of ;V'-J );.ff&'i'$i nb&h.ti&U ifftnlog Iri'tha courtsrofcth' j i t ; Uaitel&tatle xj-l asi lhereiik, foecifieai i -1 - s ; ' f dlafiHsslwg. Ilhia queition -ire. m ast "boi 1 1 . 7 -C 5;vcofcd! lie; ifghtdT of ft diUzea T whj'cb; a l' gtaW jaay--:'onfe,Witili$i its owit limits, :th a citizen of 1. the- United States.T;No -jr--' ? can? b6 a fBitizeu;f h'e ;Uinited States ' V.l ta ilfapfsteri4 Of rth.eiconsti : :'; .;WlpbaVHaoW"feotfolll9W that Vmau', mast berei UnipolV M9-P.Z.P? ft citizeo' in one St!ate 4 , r '4. Preious Wlth'a.adoption of the-ebnstitu- :j:';.V 'tiojiiiftkti'-miet'f ,the charap- t-? of a citfaen ftud endow 'a manwUh all 1 V Hgteif pertaining to it This was con- fiu'ed "io tho boundaries of a State, and pave him no : rights ' beyond its limits. Nor hare the several States surrendered this power by the adoption of the consti tution. ::iEvery State may confer the right upon analien or on any other class or description of persons who would, to all intents and purposes, be a citizen of the State; but iiot a citizeh in the sense used in the -constitution of the United States, lie ' would not thereby beeome a citizen of - the United States, and, therefore, could not sue in any -court in the United States, norctiuid-he enjoy the immunities of a citizen in the other States. His rights would be confined strictly to his own State. 'The constitution gives Congress the power to establish "a uniform rule of naturalization;" "consequently, no State, by naturalizing un alien, could confer upon him the rights and immunities of all the States under the general government.. ' It Is very clear, therefore, that no State can, by any acii Introduce a, new member into the pbiital U'tum created by the con stitution. The '.question then arises, whether the provisions of the cohstitu tion of the United States in relation to personal rights to which i citizen of a State is entitled, embraced negroes of the African race, at that time in the cduntry, or afterwards imported, or made free from any State; and whether It is" in the power of any State to. make such a one a' Citi ren of the State, and endow him with full citizenship ; in ' any ' other State without their cbiasent? Does the constitution of the United' States' act upon him, and clothe Trim with all the rights of a citizeh? The court think the affirmative cannot be maintained; and, if, not, the plaintiff could not be a.citizea of Missouri within the meaning of the constitution,' nor a citizen of the United States, and consequently not entitled to sne in its courts. It is true1, that every person, and every class and description of persons at the time of the adoption of the constitution, regarded as citizens' oT thcseveral States, became (citizens of this new political body, and none other. , It . was for them and their posterity and for nobody else, and all the rights ond immunities were intend ed' to embrace only those of. State com mnuities, '' or those who became members according to the priucipfes on' which the i - j . - oi tnose who were memoers oi me polit ical communities, whose powers, for cer tain' specified purposes, extended over the whole territories of the United States, and gave each citizen rights outside of his Stated which b,e did . not before possess, und placed oil rights ofpersons and prop erty on an equality. I It becomes- necessary,, therefore, to de terniiue who were citizens - of the several States when the constitution was adopted Iu order to do .bis we must recur to the colonies when they separated from". Great Britain,, formed new communities and look their nlacc amoiipr the family of nations. They- wb.o were recognized as citizens of the Slates declared their independence of Great Britain, and defended it by forte of arms. Another class of persons, who bad been imported as slaves, or their descen dants, were .not recognized or intended to bp r included . in . that .- memorable instru ment the Declaration . of Independence It is difficult at this day to realize the state if public opinion respecting that nn- foriunatc class, with. the civilized and fn tightened p9rtion of the world, at the time the.Declaration of Independence aud the adoption of Jhe constitution; but history shows they have' for more than a century been regarded asvbeiii?s of an inferior or der, 'and .unfit associates forlhe white race. either socially or - politically; and had no rights which! white men were bound to re spcet;'and the black man might be" redue ed to slavery, .bought and soldjind treat ed as an ordinary article-of merchandise This opinion at this time, was fixed and universal with the civilized portion of "the white, race. It was regarded as an axiom in morals, which no one thought of dis puting, and every one habitually acted upon it, without 'doubting for a moment the correctness' of :the"opiniou.' And in no nation was this opinion more fixed or more generally acted upon than in En gland,1 the ' subjects of which government not only seized them on the coast of - Af rica; bat took them as ordinary merchan dise to where they could make a profit on them. The Opinion thus entertained, was universally impressed on the colonists this Bjde.of the Atlantic: therefore, negroes o the African - race were regarded by them as property, "and' held' and bought, and sold; as such in every one , of the thirteen colonies Which united in the. declaration of independence,1: and. afterward formed the constitution." "'" '' ' ; - ?The dbctriae of -which. we. have spoken was: strikingly-,1 enforced' by the Declara tion of (Independence, c It begins thus : When' in -the cousa. of-human events it becomes necessary for one people -to- dis solve the political bonds which have con nected them with another, .and to assume among the powers' of the earth the sepa rate ahd eqnal station .'to Which' the laws of nature and of nature's JJo'lUfesfetojm.rjJSmeraon. .took, the plaintiff, from the kiddl' requires tha they should declare the causes which' impefthem.to'' the' se'paa tibn' ahdihen proceeds;,' Ve hold these arercreatpd equals that. they 'afejudowed ty their 'Creator with 'rcertaiii iua1iehable rights; th"at among these are lifo.-libcrtv ... -.';,.- ( (. . - - - and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights governments are insti tuted among men,' deriving their just pow ers from the consent of the governed," &c. The words before quoted would seem to embrace the whole human family; and if used in a similar instrument at this day would be so understood. But it is too clear for dispute that the enslaved African race were not intended to be included, for, in that case, the distinguished men who framed the Declaration of Independence would, be flagrantly against the princi ples . which they asserted.- They who framed the, Declaration of Independence were men of. too much honor, education and intelligence to. say what they did not believe; and they knew that in.no part of the civilized world were the negro race, by common consent,' admitted to the rights of freemen, . They spoke and acted accord ing to the practices, doctrines aud usages of thfr day. . That unfortunate race was supposed to be separate from tlie whites, and was never thought or spoken of ex cept as property. . These opinions under went no change when the constitution was dopted. The preamble sets forth for what purpose, and for ; whose benefit, it was formed. , It was formed by the peo ple -such as had been members of the ori ginal States and the great object was to secure the blessings of liberty to our-; selves and our posterity." . It. speaks iu general terms of citizens . and people of the United States when providing for the powers granted, without denning what de- j scription of persons should be included,! or. who should be regarded as citizens. int two clauses of the Constitution point to the negro race as separate, and not re garded as citizcus for whom the Consti tution was adopted.: One clause reserves the right to import slaves until 1807, and in the second the States pledge themselves oneJ,o another, to . preserve the rights of tho master, and to deliver up slaves es caping to their respective territories. By the first clause the right to purchase and tiold this property is directly sanctioned and authorized by the persons who framed the constitution, for twenty years; and the States pledged themselves to uphold the right of the master as long as the gov ernment then formed should endure. And this shows conclusively that another de scription of persons were embraced in the other provisions of the constitution. These two clauses were not intended to confer upon them or their posterity the blessings of liberty so carefully conferred upon the whites. None of this class ever emigrated to the United States voluntarily, They were all articles of merchandise. The number emancipated was few as com pared with those who were held in slavery, aud not sufficiently numerous to attract public attention as a separate class, and were regarded as a part of the slave pop ulation rather than free. ' It cannot be supppsed that the States conferred citizenship upon them; for all Ihose States at that time established po- ico regulations for the security of them selves and families, as well as'of property In some minor cases there were different modes of trial, and it could not be sup posed that those States would have form ed or consented to a government which abolished this right and took from them the safeguards essential to their own pro tection. They have not the right to bear' arms, and appear at" public meetings to discuss political questions, or urge meas-. ures of reform which they might deem ad visable. They cannot vote at elections, nor serve" as jurors, nor appear as witnes ses where whites are concerned. These rights are secured. in every State to white nieu.r. It is impossible to believe that the men pf the slaveholding States, who took so ' large a share in the formation of the constitution; could be so regardless-of themselves and the safety of those who trusted aud confided ia them. ; T'Every law" of naturalization confines citizenship to K white persons. This is' a marked separation from the blacks." Un deY the confederation every State had a right' to decide for itself, and the term "free inhabitant," the formality of form, certainly excluded the African race. Laws .wercirained for the latter especially. . Un der the constitution the word ."citizen" is substituted for "free inhabitant." After -further elaboration on he point, the Chief Justice said, from the best consideration, we have come to the conclusion that the African race ,' who came to this country, whether free or slave, were not intended to be' included , in the constitution for the enjoyment of any personal rights or ben efits; and the two provisions which point to theih treat them as property, and make it the duty of the government to protect them" as, such. Hence; 'the court is of opinion, from the. acts stated in the plea in abate meulfthat Dred Scott is' not a cit izen b Missouri,; and is : not, therefore, entitled to sue in the United States courts . The following facts appear on the re cord: :' In the year 1834 the plaintiff was a negro slave belonging to Dr. Emer son, who was a surgeon in the army of the United States. In that year (IS34) said State of MisE.ouri to --the. military .post; at BockJsland, the State of Illinois, .and, held .him, there, as a slave j'until tlie month of ' Aprils 1 3 6.. .-i At. , tho. time last men tionedr:satid' Dr. -Euiergou, removed the plaintiff from 'said military post qt. Rock Island tg the military post at Fort Snell iiigHtfakd;'ou tho" west bank of the 'Mistrfcoinmoii property of the States existing . - .'' -; .' ;- :. ' ';- i-" ". . . - . ' . sissippi river, io the territory known as Upper Louisiana, acquired by the Uuited States of France, aud situated north of the latitude of 36 deg. 30 miu. north, and north of the State of Missouri. Said Dr. Emerson kept the plaintiff in slavery at Fort Suelling until the year 1 838. "In the year 1835, Harriet, (who is named in the second count of the plaintiff's declaration,) was . the slave of Major Taliaferro, who belonged to the army of the Uuited States. In that year, (1835,) said Major Taliaferro took said ' Harriet to Fort Snelling, a military post situated as hereinbefore stated, and kept her there as a slave until the year 1836, and then sold aud delivered her as a slave at Fort Snelling unto said Dr. Eiuersou, herein before named; and said Dr. Emerson held said Harriet in slavery at Fort Suelling until the year 1836.. , In the year 1 S3 6 the plaintiff and said Harriet, at said Fort Suelling, with the consent of said. Dr. Emerson, who then claimed to be their master and owner, in termarried and took each other for hus band and wife.- Eliza and Lizzie, named in the third count of the plaintifTs decla ration, are the fruit of that marriage. Eliza is about fourtceu years old, aud was bom ou board the steamer Gipsey, north of the north line of the Staie of Missouri, and upon the .Mississippi river. Lizzie is about seven years old, and was born in the State of Missouri, at the military post called Jefferson Barracks.' "Lithe vear 1833 said. Dr. Emerson removed the plaintiff and said Harriet and their said daughter Eliza from said Fort Suelling to the State of Missouri, where they ever since resided. "Before the commencement of this suit said Dr. Emerson sold and conveyed the plaintiff, said Harriet, Eliza and Lizzie to the defendant as slaves, aud the defendant claimed to hold each of them as slaves. " At the times mentioned in the .plain tiff's declaration, the defendant, claiming to be owner as aforesaid, laid his hands upon said plaintiff, Harriet, Eliza and Lizzie, and imprisoned them; doing, in this respect, however, no more than what he might lawfully do if they were of right his slaves at such times." The Chif-Justice- proceeded to exam ine the statement, assuming that this part of the controversy presented two -questions: ' . : ; . Firstly. Was he -(Scott) and all his family free in Missouri? and, Secondly. If not, were they free by reason of their removal to Rock Island, Illinois. The act of Congress ou which the plain tiff relies contains the clause that slavery and involuntary servitude, except for crime shall be forever prohibited in that part of the territory acquired by treaty from Louisiana, and not included within the limits of the State of Louisiana. The difficulty which meet' ns at the threshold is, whether Congress is authorized to pass sach a law nnder the powers granted to it by the constitution? The plaintiff dwells much on the clause which gives Cougress power "to make needful rules arid regnla tionsrespecting the territory or other prop erty of the United States!" - But this pro vision has no bearing oh the present con troversy. The power there given is con fined to the territory which' then belong ed to the United Statesand can have no influence on territory which was acquired from foreign governments. The Justice then referred to the cessions of land by Virginia and other States, saying the only object was to put an end to existing controversies, and to enable Congress to dispose of the lands for the common bene fit. Undoubtedly the power ot sovereign ty and eminent domain was ceded in the act. " This was proper to make inessen tial. There was 'then no government in existence with enumerated powers. What was called the States were thirteen inde peudent colonies which entered into con federation for mutual protection. ' It was little more than a Congress of ambassa dors, in which all had a common concern It was this Congress which accepted tlie cession from ..."Virginia. They had : no right to do .so under ; articles of the con federation,, but they had a right us indc- pendent powers to accept the land for the common benefit; and it is equally cleajy having .no superior to control theoiTfhey had d right to exercise absohite'afominion, subject only to the restrictions whicn Vir ginia imposed. yjic-ordinancc pf 1787 was adopted,, by which the territory should be governed, and among other provisions was.Wie that slavery or involuntary servi tude , should bo . prohibited except for crime.;.".'. '; ' ': . ' This was the state of things whfen the constitution was formed.- The territory ceded by "Virginia belonged to the several confederate States as common property The States were about , to dissolve ".the confederation, and surrender a portion of thei' 'power for ( the formation , of a new government, and ' the language, used lim ited and Specified the objects to be accom plished." It was obvious that some" pro-! vision was nownecessary tov give the new1 govtrriment the power to carry into effect every object for which the territory was ceded. It was necessary that the lands should- be sold to pay the , war debt, add thai-power should be given to prptect the citizens; who might emigrate there, with their-rights, of property; arms, military store!?, '(as well as ships of war,) were the in their independent character and they had a right to take their property to the territory without the authority of tke States." The object was to place tkeaa things under the guardianship f a new government, which gives Congress " the power to make all "needful rales aud regulations respecting the territory or other property of the United States." It applied only to property held ia com mon at the time, and ; not with reference to any . property which the sovereignty might - subsequently acquire. It applied to the territory of the United States the a ia the mind of the constitution. It refers : to the sale for raising of money.- ' This it different from the power to legis late tiverthe territories. Wfth the words "to make all needful rules and regulations respecting tlie territory,?' are coupled the words "and other property of the Uuited States." '. And the concluding words ren der this . construction irresistible: ' "aud nothing ia this constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claim ofthe United States or of any particular Sjlati." It is obvious that the Congress, under the new government, regarded the, above clause as necessary to carry into effect the . principles ' and p provisions of th& ordinance of 1787, which they regarded as an act of the States in the exercise. of their political power at the time; and these representatives ofthe same States! nnder the new government did not think proper to depart from any essential principle, and did not attempt to undo anything that was done. . . : As ta territory acquired without the lim its of the United States, it remains terri tory until admitted into the Union. . - No power is given in the constitution to ac quire territory to be held and governed in that character; and, consequently, .- there cannot be found in the constitution any de finition of power which Congress may'Iaw fully exercise before it becomes a State. The power to acquire territory until it is in a condition to become a State on an equal footing with the other States must necessarily rest on sound discretion, and it becomes the duty of the government to administer. the laws of the United States for the protection of personal rights and property therein ;; ; ; i . .-r ' Whatever 'territory is acquired for the common bchefit of thepeople of the United States, It is , but a trustee. : At .the time the territory . was obtained from France it contained no population to be admitted as a State, and it therefore became neces -sary to hold possession of it until settled and inhabited by a civilized community, capable of self government: and for ad mission to the Union. -.But, as we before said, it was acquired by. the federal gov ernment as the representative and trus tee of the people of the United States, ac ting through their agents, and government holds it for the common benefit nntil it should become associated as a member of the lUnion. Until that time arrived, it was undoubtedly necessary that some gov ernment be established to protect the in habitants in their person and property. The power to acquire carries with it the power to preserve. - The form of govern ment necessarily rests on the discretion on Congress. It is their duty to establish the best suited for tho'United States, i&n'd that must: depend - oft": the number of its inhabitants, and the character and situa tion of the territory .fl What government is the best must depend on the condition of "the territory at the time, to be contin ued until it shall become a State; IBut there can never be a mere discretionary power over persons . and property, i The constitution provides that "Congress shall make no larr respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exer cise thereof; ;or abriging the. freedom of speech, or of thepreus; lor the right 6f the people peaceaoly to assemble, and to peti- tion the . government forr a redress ; of grievances,'.' &c. ; Thus the right,; and this extends to the; territories as well asj the States.! Congress;, cannot 'authorize the territories to db what it caimot doit- self, it cannot : confe gjki the territories power to violate tnje provisions i f the con stitution--' - ins It SfiwrfC however, that there is suppo I sejMcT be a -difference between slaves vai .HCtVior nrnnorttr Thft ,noprliin thp. for- mation 'of the constitution delegated to the general government certain enumera ted 1 powers and" forbade the exercise of others. - It hasino powers over persons and property of citizens except- those en nmerated in the constitution. If the con stitution recognized the right or master and slave,' and makes no difference between slaves and other property, no tribunal ac ting under the authority;' of the United States can draw such a distinction and de riy the provisions and guarantees secured against tho encroachment of the govern ment. . . A? we have already said," the right of property in.a slave is expressly confer red n the. constitution and guaranteed to eveyy State. n This is language1 tod plain to be misunderstobd; and no woirds can "be found in. the constitution 'giug Congress grcatei pbef over slves: than; over any othe-f'aescrirjtion !of prfty;' . ",'';-t' It' is,S therefofe-'ftfie "opinion J or." this court that theaci biCpngress 'ithich pro hibits citizens !fromholding),propery of n qt warranted by '. the . c on sti tu tioni and is therefore foid; and neither bred Scot nor any one of his family is or were raadef fee by their, residence in Illinoisi The plain tiff is not a: citizen of Missouri but was still a slave and therefore' had no right to sue in a court of the United States. ' '' The conrt having examiued the case as it stands nnder the constitution, proceed ed to other points,' saying, as Scott was a slave when he was brought hack to Mis souri from Illinois, 'he was under ! the law ot the foriaer and nofc'of the latter. It has been settled by the highest triba nais that an individual does not acquire his freedom under coca circumstances.- As k appears to the court that the plain tiff ia not a cttiien of Missburv nor a cit ie of the United States who could sue ic the' United States courts' this 'court could give no judgement, and hence' the suit must be dismissed for want of juris diction. -""'" ' :i '''-''- ' ' -u-r r-- ' " ; 'jmm L' ' ' " ' Aneodotea of John Bandolph . The late John. Barney, who died a short time; ago at Washington, forwarded to the the Charleston Courier these ! reminiscent ces: .' v.. . ' John Randolph, as chairman of the com mittee of Ways ana Means, signally failed. Perhaps the financial geniui of Hamilton, Dalla$ ; and . Gallatin had penetrated, the Arcana and exhausted the' sources of rer--eoue. : ; : r.; , ;y 1 . He never did originate any ; measure. Always content by .withering sarcasm and caustic witticisms to assail. every Administration,- to - wound. ;the: feelings of . his friends without regret, : repentance or re morse., - . .i.Xv.-M. '. 1 , .: . : . Selfish, cold-hearted, cold-blooded, he arose from his. bed, took hirhreakfast, his morning ride, his dinner, his siesta, and about six o'clock, when we were, worn out by. a continuous session; of eight hours, meeting in committee at ten,, jockey - cap on his head, toot and spurred, whip in handf he would .carelessly stroll into the it . ... j "Pray, Mr. Speaker, what might be the question now under: consideration?'' In formed, he would rise up, tuake a premc- diated,. prearranged speech of four hours, connected by a rote,. describe the purlieus of Londou aud Paris, where he had never been, with truthful accuracy. . ., ' Wearied out, exhausted, I rose and pre pared to take my departure : - ' , ; ; . . "I hope the member" from Maryland will consent to listen to me a little longer; I will condense and not detain him.", ; I sat down.; . He expanded on a wider oceans; I rose again. :.ii..c-,-t. I? 'Al ' if I. am. nearly; done,"he,8aid.'j I tartly said, "I have been humbugged long enough,. He wa3. nettled.. AYa did. not speak du ring that. session, -iinifil i3i't : .The next winter, seeing me engaged in the. folding-room directing the divisson of public documents 'into their; appropriate. weight of two pounds the members? pnv ilege he courteously said:. VWhy do you. not lay them on the Speaker's, table? ; Sir, we allow him eight dollars extra a day to do our. bidding; he is our servant; his priv ilege exteuds to four pounds.; Lay., your documents on the desk; he dare not refuse to affix his signaturetry. him, '? I do so My .heavy documents .never troubled me more : :1 ", ; ,-;: ..: . orff He bullied the timid; quailed before the resolute? ;o- vi ihiU My colleague was Colonel Peter Little; a faithful representative of Baltimore Coun ty for more than thirty yearsj commanded a regiment during the war of 1812, , with valor and discretion; In early life he had been a watchmaker.';. This was seized on by the malignant as affording an opportu nity of wounding his feelings.;-: As Chairman of the Committee on tb Muitia,ihe made an . able, report JivaA: dolph complimented it; he had been agree? ably surprised, vs. He had thought the gen tleman better .versed in tickr tacks, than tactics. He never spared friend, xr j foe-iBs waaNi regular sex .of cators pepper, mus tard, vinegar, cayene. f? -Wo oil in his com position. Tartaric acid, lie wantonly re prbachedhis colleague, Mr Sheffey.of Vir ginia, with having been born a Shoema ker. "It" ia true,',7 he- modestly : replied, "the . partiality? of my constituents.-have placed me en an equality with the mem ber from Roanoke. Had he been born a shoemaker, .in all probability he .vould have been a shoemaker itill."-. .jf : t. ; 1 iNed i Weir and , who does not. know honest lied had. been an officer in : the, Navy; resignod, figuring on a large scale in Russia, and like all his brothers, sons of the ocean; made, lost and. squandered fortunes . During Mr. Adams administration, he condescended' to: become' bearer 1 of dis patches his per diem compensation; yet he would travel on the wings of the wind and with the celerity of a sunbeam to ao complish his mission. "; X .j- V ; He would lay out all his eurplus in presents to'his friends a hamper of eng. lish porter," an -old stilton cheese choice claret, champagne, noes ana beitztr water. He never wanted customers-- ' His stock and his funds were always soon exhausted, and poor Ned wanted a new mission.- ; On. a warm 6ultry.dav, he saw his con stant visitor, the gaunt .Randolph of R6 anoke, .a few-. paces ahead of him.,; Ned made' a' prodigous effort, fpr he was short and pusjij, overtook him. ."Good morning, Mr. Rudolph.? Ooodmoining,' gmffly said he. "I have had considerable ditpcu tv in overtakine you." "I will increase that difficulty " "Stretching out his sev- eii-league boots,'! said Ned- fht rleft pufQjig and blowing; he knew the.bpek an Seltzer-water, had given oulf'r y " i ' A member of the Senate, ' entitled td every -consideration sty led iim'"his friend from Virginia, f 'uvtvisih; the Se.natc ; distinctly understand, that h never, had haft one friend in my.Ufeniy man Jah-.1, iogged Jubayesterdayhot that he deter fed it, for he is ambst' faithful i6rvant;,buf oi these abolitibn times it ieqaiirea ci, ' tionslly to remind the al vloth relat position between him an$ hia; j&ter I,a44 monish the Senator that if he shall Agah : presume to call mehia frieridfwI Khali ces . tigate him more severely with' he caasi' than I did my man Juba'ithoat eaOse'.' On one occasion, wearied todexhaustab? with, his alwaysrbeginaing, neferreadingjj world-without-enrl, 9 no. amen, harangues Mr. ClayJ as Speaker, called him to onerj, he'was comptlied to take- his seaUto regain' the floorhe appealed -frohfihf dW cision of tho Chair; td th House ?oa: jf point : of. order; - ''State your proposition says the : speaker. . State. jour point ofA T Wilt ynw.''A!i' v.AKA4 VaW ;Virginia, ai reekless uuprindipled' bby'ii1 pest to . the 'neighbor hood, idrivearhy thai frowns of an indignant community twitha ' i . 1 1 m 1 . . . , . . ouc.iue paie oi uecem society waniieraio the " far West 'grown "to"" man eshite"," )5r , assurance, by imphdence1,'1 afadc ijold5 'JdiafJ ing, he'worms' himself into he nfidencW1 of a benighted district, and succeeds hiobwi tain ing a position as a member of thia hon, orable bgdy; I will dee'eud a scale lower in : the "depths." -By . an 'rextracrdinary' combination of circumstances, h gebgrajjh17 ical position and high excitement, her sue 1 ceed3 in being most Hp worthy eleTated to i the position you now occupy,vH.ow galling must .it be to a high-born, high-bred son--of Virgtriia'to' be called to order by auch , ' "The' member from? Virginfa is ntint1 out of order, he must take his seat;'--J Pray, sir.Jn wha.v,- tnayil now onfc 'f order?'f, ; .'In your .allusion to theChair;,.,( sternly said .Mr.' Clay.1;..boypoiningJ his" long "and ' bony" fingers .aV-"'-,, calmly said:" "The chair has named haelf not I the chair.'? ( Following r,up; inthe Senate ids, cold.i blooded and merciless attacks, (Mr. ClayKV then Secretary of State,) hesaid the.com bination ' between the- Purhan ''and' "iha blackleg had achieved its"object; A''1 ' :Like atrdeTaiibeei thPreiidehf had4 driven his bargain; he bought ths!Sfcre'. ' tary. at r the. minimum 'price; , bought; but one State all .that he' wanted but had secured the necessary funds" lb buy a dozen- mbre- if 'fcquired.2 Thls'tesnited in the dueT, the liiteresting. falea of which must reserve tor another chapter AV'' Stimulated 'by avarice which llrai an other ; degrading 'feature tt thi-hybrid11 character, ,he sought amisaonj- passedll eleven-jdays la St.; If etersburg;.pockete4 1' his outfit, his salary; sawXondoaaad Par is at the. expense ; of .the . nationirteturnejl to die. and when even -the . MivileareTof. - .epeech was denied" Eim, pointing to V4ic-r, uunary, tauscu me pages j.9 oi inrneu over till they came to the word "Remorse, and an his last mortal agony' revealed that?', todefttklie i c.omprehende4-:;ht; Jut K4 i never knowifc in lifej eylV ynsr,'f j , When entering the harbor of Falmouth, ' Captain Perry pbBerveMi .tpt h.tJlfwe now in good anchorage ground hut some , v aistauce irom ,iu? laouing; no saiu uiero , - was a fine '""steamer4 albngsidef 'and they J ivonldV soon reach the wharf.'75 'He.'elBbaf'-' ked. There came Vflnfry of wind whicb annoyed him a great deal. . : . - Calling on him in LondbT, the moment Cap tain;Peiry Renter edi th.eltQou fee k&l 'Ho ssirt h&w-Bon11- 3oi taoo Voo i.might: asoarell -have landed flit f from the middle of the Atlantic; Oceanf . ; You've killedthejexicanMinisterI You'vie-killed; themerjean, Ministerl" was . his .constant response. -, The Captain bowed himself out of the robnh 5 - '. " " When ! about J to Tre-embarlf, Ca6latn7 Perry brought; hls'-'ship vclonfjnp-noUheTf wharf. The "American Minister ordersdcl a postchaiseto drive hint to. aeadlaad. -Captain Pgrfy had tb Vafp Els' ship "seven " miles' 11,0 '' '"l "''; "They bdcnoled the ; same' Cabin? But Chi American Minister heVet condescended tdi speai! Jo . him all :- "their . commnqicatioaa i were in.-writing., . On- landing, at pron- staJt a 8afate,wa$ &redthe yards, mannecl and thtee cheers given to the Ameticati Minister on his touching the -wharf! '-OK r : "Juba, return the sahitel" nridnghiax back, while. the. negro, -more qiviliied thaqj his master, made profound Balaams to th j American stars and stripes. ,' , Captain Perry carefully gatlieredi np rtu 1 remnants"Ofhi3"stoT6s"Snd sent theln care fully to the Amerfcan ' Minister. He re turned the mesSengerv1 saying he had fbi gotten the cut ham he left 'on the table.ai- i j t3gF"Ever. since . you-have taken tQt drinkingjJohn' yonre hbtmore Jhat half b, aiailj said a te&pttanci min & a loafing hrotherT15""Faet isfjem inCaa-I'tn only a de'mKJohn f f f " At-t i tSDutch ; Gf oberto little '$trf who ' objects-ttf Spanish crtera DatfriP as gute as any'one yon-yust-tak41t lo Cuba and dey'll give yon twenty-Site centa for it." : ,;- ,:.- "' ' .'vi,- claimedj.i i3oS-i0a:I " li'U i '"Ypu'Ye .killed jour Amencaft .Mihis!3 te'r V ' 'You've killed, the ' Xmhri canMink ter!' ' J a.-i4 si F-jij1 y.:v ;;-;:X' .- ! t' . " . . .: -...ioi.