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- I I " w n ' "ii T--Ti i ,-r... -- -i i'"-.r.7'V n ! i ii . i. , ,i - : rrnfi'iTTn airwirn n rirT " -- 6, iiA.'Hi tJiV;y v. 'J ' i'i -f .-.1 & Mk Mth$$tytxrtMt) to lolttics, i,om$ anb "gomcslic cJcit)S; Btf raturt , ds anb crentts; tacation;: oriculiitrt, Mitrluls;; amtiscmejit; &ci v HOBBIS & WILLIAMS, Publishers and Proprietors - ; ' ; .:'. ' ' - : .. .i hn . .. '', ! ,.'Yi , : (i jx - : ,! f.-. ' '.'II. " " PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING ' V IfC't: .j:'!l. il ft , VOLUME XIY, " . WOODSFIELD, MONROE COUNTY, OHIO; FEBRUARY 17, : 1858. ,Y"-r i .' NUMBER U9v I 'J.': jr.- M. j iO - 1 .1 . n i rm iv a f n '0 a n : el,i .vw.::V . v. k .- .J - '--ro:. :- y - IT- lilt VIM A it ill S ' 0 f 1U i i ieH !flV 4 K 3r ...I Kit " DO THEY MISS ME? ' ..r.;iV t i-i- " ;"" B Uiy At horn f D thy Win mf ;Tw9al4 b ta uiaraiiM aoif dm, ' T kmw t thlt msment iiim U?d t 1 f ... it iViM thinking f an Irwit It" " J To know that ina mill at bonn.i'-'i hn twiltfht pprackt, th uuta j , , Pot on rapaat nam otw An4 iigh that I Utrj longt , i! Ab4 ia thera a ohorcl tn h mualii, .yn . ; j . ,Ti tt?,?4 ifban wy Volo it awayf i j . Aa4 a chard in aah haart hat awakatk nv .Bafratat mj waarUoma ataj t -iytusK . t't. . ; JsV.;' J -'! 5.'i 7"' . ikay plaea ma a chair at tha fahla, . When araning'i homa plaaiuraa are njh, And tha lampt ara lit in tha parlor, ,.ti , .. And atara in tha ealin ainra akyf Ani whan tha "Goad Nights? are rapeatad,. . And each lay hlaialf down to lep, ,., .-. . Za thaj think of tha abiant and waft nf ' A whiapered "Qaod Night" e'er the deepf . . . .' 1 ' , . ' " -i ', ,i . . ... Da they talis me at heme? Do they tn.'st ma f At'nvervJDg; at noon, and at'nlghtf ' And linger one gtoemy shade round ihem ', That only my preaenee can light f ' ' ' " , Are' jaya Use Inritlagly weleome, ! ' " ' ; ! Are pleasnrea lata hailed than before, " . Beoaase one la mlasad from the otrele? '', ' . Beeaose I am with tuexn'no merer ;':''' ' Ohyeal they misa me I Kind .vetoes Areoalling me back at I roam, r , And eyes are grown weary with weeping, . And watch but to weleome me heme. , Kind friends, ye shall wall me no longer; " 111 harry me back o'er the seas ; ; For hew ean I tarry when followed ' By watching and prayer snch as these. - ' ;TX3, WETB MISSED TUBE." , We do aa?a thee at homo. Yesl we're missed thee Si nee the honr we bade thee adle-u; : : Aad prayers hare encircled tby pathway, Frottaazions hearts leriag andtrae, 4 That the Barionr wonld gnlde and protect thee As far from the loTed ones yon roam'j -, And whisper, whene'er thou wort saddened,' ' ' They miss thee am. miss thee at hoine. . ' :. .ir.;.; :,,:. o iu;' ..c:il' When morning awakes ns from slnmber; J ,v. " We cateh from he Hps the grsl Uls, .i And fold 1 a waadring sephyr i T? bo wafted to him whom wo miss; Ap-i when we hare Joined the home eirole, ' And replaced the still Taoant chair, In eaeH eye ia a gathering tear-drop, ' For him we ware wont to see there ' - .' The shadows of evening are falling; ' 0! where is the wanderer now? i The broese that floats lightly around me, ; , Ferehanoe may soon visit his brow; , ; , , 0, bear on thy bosom a message - . '. We are watching Oh, why wilt thon roam? ' The heart has grown lad and dejected, -:, For wo miss thee all miss thee at home! . Thy smile seemed the sweetest, the dearest, . Thy Voioo ever thrilled threngh the heart, And thy glance cast amaglo spell o'er ns, ' That made every sorrow depart. Phallwe soon meet again may wo welcome Those tokens within thy dear home, ' And rtud thee by loreV deep affections,' ' Bo pledge ns again ne'er to roam? '' . ' " Then haste to thy home, dearest brother, . . . With trembling impatlenoe we wait, , i. To clasp thee again to oar bosoms, , ;. j . Andbear thee thy wandering relate; Thau kape, will arise bright, ouolouded, ; v. And lev's varest sanheama exolte, .i . ' When the kindly romembere4tho absent, EhaU again to the homo elrclennlte. .. 4 ,i Old Hcshnds and Yeung Wives, I wn n'ol4 fooU ' Tei wti w old fool-, that's, all thtrt U ' aboat It; ' I oogiit It ha7i known bettir) iAi wti riot to UaboY' po thing! she U. but child jftj and thai baublei pleased hor arob. ttona mother'! ' It wtt not tho old nan bat bit wwntf hit meiwy I wight ba?t known H. May and - Dooombor JJ7 nnd Dtembr pihawl how could I tarn ' balJcTtd : that Uarj '- Terry eouIiA)M an old (allow, Ilka mf" and tlark TTara lUTtytd hlraiolf In tha largt parlor mirror. SmI it raflaota a portly old man ' of !xty, wjtb ruddy face, mow whlta hair, Aud ayaa froo which: tha light of youth Mi Iobj giaoa dapartad.' And yat thara U fira 4a' tha 'old nan'i valna tooj ' aea bow ha atridaa aerota tha' earpat, ajaon latin;, with frtih ' amphaila, "Y h was an old fool and old rooll Dot ' I will b kind to bar j Vm not tha man" to ty raalt ortr a younp? girt beoaQia 'bar ootb:r took bar ont of tha onmry to oaza car my wifa. I aaa bow It - fa not U rtzzzz for a young rlrlUka bar toiatay csttatsd!y it 'botna with l my froity Uxi zxi couty ;fit. i Poor liult Uaryl 27o-rI1I ot punlib hw baoaaaa aha etESCt lota mej aho ahall bata -'What' aha wtnU, and go whera aha llkeij her1 moth r la only too prond to trot her out, as the wife of tha rich Mark Ware. If that will pake them both happy let them do it j rziy be and Mark Ware pauiod "moy bt, ;r aha , haa eeen. what that Dead : f--l-rtha. world H M frf,l tpcjo kirt lW tba , old ? man a little- iaybe who knowef '! Ifb woman who is believed in, and well treated ' evor makes a bad wife; there never was "a bad wife; t)ut there was a bad '' hasbaqd Jtrit; that's pospel Marks gospel,' anyhow, aftd Mark Ware is going to act npen 1t. Mary shall go to the ball to night with her mother, and I will stay at home and nurse my r,p'atience and my. gouty leg.-r-There'i no etil in her; she's as purf as 't lily; aid if she 1 wants to see - the ' world,' why she shall v see 'it: and though I canVgo dancing round with her, I never win aim ner urifai eyes no no no ol ; !'-'' ! M;' ''' , ThatiIl do', Tiffy; ' another " pin 1 In this lace1; now more that rose in 'my ' hair a little to the left; so that will do." ' ' "That witt "do." "Tame praise for that small Grecian head, with Us crown of braided tresses; for the full, 'rooad ' throat and snowy, " sloping Bhoulders; for the round, ivory arms, and tapering, rose tip ped fingers; for the lovely 'bosom' and dainty : waist. ' Well might such beauty dazile lark Ware's eyes, till he failed to discern the distance between May and December.1- ' -V - ' - Mark Ware bad rightly read 'Mary. She Was guileless and pure, as he had said;' and,- child as she war, there was that in her : manner before - which the most audatious- eye would bare shrank abashed.' 1 ".:' When the.young bride first realized the import of these words she had been made to utter, Hill death do part ' ns,' she rooked forward with shuddering hor ror at the long weary, monotonous years before. 'Her homo seemed a -prison and Mark Ware the keeper And sltfe chaffed and fretted ia gilded fetters, while her reatless heart eried out 'Anywhere but home.' .Must she sit there in her prison house, day after day, listening only to the repinings of her own troubled heart? Must the bee and the butterfly alone be frea to revel in the sunshinef Had God made her beauty to fado in the stifling at mosphere of darkened parlors, listening to, the complaints of querulous old agef Every pulse ef heart rebelled. How coald ber mother have thus , sold berf How could Mark ' Ware so 'onmagnani- ftusly i have accepted the - compulsory sacrifice? .' Why not have shown her the world,, and let her choose ; for herself? Oh. anywhere, .anywhere, from - such a home! . vi ii. -.it-i.r- m r. There was nQ lack of invitations abroad for Mary had flashed acrAs. tho fashiona ble horzn like, v, some bright - comet, eclipsing all the reiguibg-beauties. No ball, no party, no dinner, was thought to be a success, without 'ber. Night, after night found her enroute to some gay as semblage. " To her own aatdufshment and her . foolish - mother's great delight, - her husband never remonstrated on the con trary, she often found upon her .dressing table some choice little ornament which he had provided for the occasion; and Mary, as she fastened it In her hair or bosom, . would say bitterly, He is anxious that I, like the other .appendages of his establiahroent, hould reflect credit on his faultless tastel', lh,'; lj, . Mistaken Ms'ry. '.'''.'''.'.'.'. -'v.",,'.'.- : ; Time passed, , on.. Mark .. Ware was 'patient,' as he -promised himself to be His evenings were not so lonely now, for his babe kept hini company, the reprieved nurse was only too glad to escape to her pink ribbons and a 'chat with John ' at the back gate.', It waa a pretty sight- Mark and the babe,, Old age aud in. fantry are always a touching sight togeth er. not a smue or a pioua passed over thatlittTe faee that did not wake , up all the father in Mark Ware's heart; and . he paced the room . with It, or lulled it to sleep on its breast, talking to it as if it could understand the strong, . deep love of which H was the V unconscious sub. jeec ..; ..,;;.'..';.; ,r, I am weary of all this,'' said . Mark's younjf wlft, as she stepped, into, her : oar rlaffs, at the close of, a brilliant ball. "I am weary of scslng the same faces, and bearing tha, same nonsense night after night, , . X woiider if I shall aver Jove , any. thlug or anybody r,,. Mamma la proud of ma because I am beautiful and j rich, but she does not love ma. Mark is proud of rae",--and Mary's , lip ., cnrled . scorn flilly, ' "Llfa la ao weary, and I am only eighteen)" and Mary, sighed hear, H , j,,.. v ... , i... i . h : ... ; . ; Oa whirled tha carriage through tha de sererted streets, desertedsave by soma inveterate pleasure seeker like herself, from whom pleasure forever, flees. , Oc casionally a lamp twinkled, from some upper window where a half starved seam stress sat stitching her Ufa away, or a heart broken mother, bent over, the .dead form of i; babe, , .which , her , mother's heart ponld jl spare,, although aha knew not where ta find bread for, the remain, log babes wko wept beside her. .Now and than a. woman lost to all that N makes woman lovely, floqnted la , the flickering street latpps while her, , mocklag i langh rang , oat en he night; ;alr, f Mary shad dared atd drew; back there waa .that in Ita hollowneis-wblcU might t make even deyia remhle. . Over head tha .sentinel stars kept thoir tireless patch, and Mary's heart grew, sofnuder their .gentle .influ ence, and toara stole, from. beneath her laahes, and lay, like pearls upoa bar bo t : Woa i. need not - wait to nndresi me,M said Mgry to the weary looking waiting maid, . as Bhe averted her swollen eyes from ber gaze; and taking the lamp from her hand, Mary passed up to her eham bor. ,' So noiseless was the fall of her light foot upon the carpet that Mark did not know she had entered. He sat; with his back to tha door, bending over - the cradle of bis child, till his white snow locks touched its rosy .cheeks: talking tojt as though to beguile his loneli- ess" ; . . . .... ". . ."Mary's forehead' Mary's . eyes Ma ry's mouth; no more like your old father than a rosebud is like a chestnut burr. You will 'love the lonely bid man, little one; and; perhaps th$ will, by and r by; 7ho knows?" . and Mark's voice trem- tied. ; ', . . v.. ""She will she doesl" said Mary drop ping on her knees' at lho - cradle of her child, , and burying . her - face ia. Mark's hands; "my noble, patient husbandl" . ' "You don't mean' that?.;' said Mark holding her off at arms length, and ; look ing at her through a mist of tears; ' "you don't mean that yon will love an old . fel low like me? God bless you, Mary God forever bless you? I have been very very lonely,'" and Mark wept for sheer happiness.'- The gaping world, far-sighted world, tho. charitable, world, shook its wise head,' when the star of fashion became a fixed star. , . Some said . her health must be failing; others, .that 'her husband bad become jealous at last;' while old .sta gers maliciously insinuated that it was wise to retire on fresh laurels. But none said what we say that a true woman's heart may always be won ay and kept, tob-f by any husband who does not consider it beneath him to step off the pedestals of his 'dignity' to learn how. ' Joe Smith's Family at Nauvoo.' A correspondent to the Mittouri jRepub. lican writes that last Summer .he waa at Nauvoo, and conversed with Mr. Bitoman,' who is married, to Joe Smith's widow. He says: ., ; . .:, , : I sat at the table with the family, con sisting of Mr. Bitoman and wife, and three sons of Joe Smith, the eldest about 23 or 24; the second about 20; the third a lad of some 12 or 13 years, From Mr, Bito man I learned that not , one of the family believed in Mormenism,- and that his wife -formerly Mrs. Smith had always been opposed to them, as well as the boys, ! :1 told that Joe Smith prophesied some two yearsbefqre this young lad was born, that a son. was to be. born to him, at ar about a certain time; that at the time stated his wife did give birth to a son. ..At that; time he also stated; that his son's name would be David (not Joe),, and that ia the name of the lad, for . I heard him answer to it. Joe also said that his mantle of greatness and prophecy wonld fall upon his son and lineal heir, David, who he staled would be as wise and powerful - as David of old. The fact of the birth of this, child, fol lowing, according to Joe's prophecy, strengtened the belief that had already so strong a hold upon his followers. Mrs. Bitoman is a masculine, intelligent-looking lady, of 45 or 47 years. She is a native ofNewYork.? .. -,...; .: ,r ' She has a splendid farm some four miles from Nauvoo, which is managed by her two . eldest sons, while . David goes to school. About the two , eldest there is nothing remakable to be seen. . They are intelligent men, of large size, but bare nothiqg in their apperance betokening them to be prophets, or "sons of a, proph et, ''i., ,To their mother they are said to be very much attached and very kind, t ; David is an uncommonly inteligfnt lad,, of mas sive forehead and bright, expressive eyes. His step-father intmates that he cares as little about Mormons and Mormanism as one that haa never heard the names, not withstanding that thousands ef the fol lowers, of his father believe him to be a great high prists, a prophet, ami seer (in embroy),&o. . He knows that they wor ship his name equal to, that of Jeans Christ; and yet I am told, the lad is too intelligent to allow, it to make any Impression upon him. Probably the faot of all tha family being unbelievers in it ia the cause. ,. t The following incident I learned from a gentleman residing at Nauvoq; , That when Joe waa killed in jail, aoma fifteen miles from his homo, his wife and son took possession of, hia body, and, to "prevent tha rabble from getting it, they raised. the dining room floor, and digging a grave, hurled his remains there, where they still remain. The story, whether true or not, is generally believed in Nauvoo. !i 1 Pedagogue Well, air what doesh-a-i r sWir,;, . '. J. BoyT-Doknow. ,t u,.-.!( , Pedagogue "What have you got on your bead? - f.'.,-, ,.j 1 Boy I guosi it's a 'ikeeter bitajt Uoh ei like thunder. ''A rather, thick-headed witness In the pollcecourt was asked the question wheth er So-aad-so "stood on the defensive." 'No, air,' he innocently replied, "he stood ? S f poh'-: :-j.:rW "'"Dont rob yourself,", aa the farmer said, to tha lawyer who called 1 him hard names.'1'' '- ; f.-'u i . ,. ' i ' . i . i ,',': Why is a dead grandmother like a big dogl . . Because she's a ' "Great , MastiflV" ; Old fojfes'want no tqton," KANSAS - AFFAIRS, -P.-.v; -.ii ..SPEECH:OP. -x; .;:T-: ; Mi HICKMAN, of Pa:., V Delivered in the ffouei of Representatives, .tu-yKU-vJmnuary 28, 1858.": ' I should not have ; sought the floor at thia time, but for, the fact that silence would leave my views liable to an unpleas ant misconstruction.', I was an early, earn est, and sinceie advocate of Mr. Buchan an's election to the 1 Presidency of the United States,1 believing that his elevation would largely' promote the present peace and lasting welfare of my country. - His life had been a public one, and his charac ter was - that' of an 'educated statesman and a just man.1' 1 esteemed him aa emi nently worthy of the - largest confidence and warmest regard of the American peo ple, as I could uot doubt bis administra tion would alide reflect his wisdom, expe rience' and ' nice1 appreciation of justice; and that under it the rights of the people, of all the people, would be scrupulously regarded. I did not expeet infallibility in his management of public affairs, and do not now expect it; and when I shall meet with what, I may: regard as error, I trust to be pardoned for . the: frankness with which Iy shall always proclaim my opin ions. . . . ... ' Until I heard the annual message read, 1 had expected to be able to yield to its doctrines an honest and decided support; but from tts Kansas policy I must strong ly dissent. I am nuable to give it my support. . I regret' exceedingly the ten dency of the Executive recommendation, which, to my mind, is to place the Presi dent in a position of antagonism to the majority in Kansas. . It leads to an issue between . power on the one hand, and the people on the other.; In such a case, I never can hesitate in determining whose cause I shall espouse, or what verdict I euclit to render. I am not unmindful of the fact that the former, is quite as likely to triumph with the wrpng .as the latter with the right; aud that the ambitious may well hesitate when resolves on success are to decide for whom to do battle. , . The great influence of executive patronage, the full extent of , executive power in this country is but feebly comprehended, j . We are apt to underrate it. vastly. If unscrn- pulously exercised, it becomes a. crushing despotism, ... as ..lBdcfensible; as yuit con trolled by the greatest ; of. tyrants com binations can seldom resist it, individuals never.. .But, thet.e considerations, clearly as they, have presented .themselves to my mind. can never muuee rae to espouse a political heresy. v.,-i!j; 5 v-:.. -,'.-.;; fi . But the great, danger, surronnding our institutions does not so much arise from a want of public virtue as general Intel ligence,., . Few outside of publio life watch narrowly the conduct of iheir pnblic ser vants, and feWor. still are anniciently con versant with the machinery ' of Govern ment clearly to comprehend thejbearing of particular acts.. If, it were -otherwise, high officers of Government would be less powerful for evil, and public rights more practically defensible, ltt therefore,, at any time, resistance to a gross and unpar donable outrage uppn an admitted prjnci pie, shall prpye unavailing, let not the offense, on that ..account, ; be baptized and sanctified; let it rather be an evidence of the troth of my declaration, and a warn ing to those who are an willing to part w,ith the sovereignty. of the citizen., r i . My opposition to the President's treat ment of Kansas affairs does uot arise from hostility to slavery; it stands upon a foun dation, he strength of which will be more generally admitted I rest my resistance. upon the violation of declared principles, of solemn pledges, and, the guarantees to the nation. t To ask me to sanction them, with my views, is to insult me ; byanspi ciona of my , integrity. Others, maj act differently, it is not my province to - judge them.,.;, 7, ;-;K.', V j '(,:) l-;,?St t ill-.' ''.i-i' . may stand alone,-, m.i. But would net change my free thoughts for a throne." . , , ; r I am not blind to tha fact that a very different mo ive will be assigned for my action, i i have too often seen It attribut ed to others,, not to anticipate it in my own ca8e.t But it has beoome a stale ory, and. 4 thluk, roust soon prove a barren one. If differing from my southern friends on any point which Immediately or re motely affects the interests of slavery must subject me to anathema, so be It; I must bear up under, it; I cannot deny my con vlctlons that I may receive a charitable judgment., , . Lw-.-v .. a., . I do not oppose slavery where It legal ly exists, . It is there, a matter between the master and the slave; It concerns them alone; and J will not interfere with it or them... I yield a ready alleglanee to our common Ooastltntlon, and will anpport all the lawa made under It as long aa they remain In force, to whatever subject they may relate, or whatever burdens they way impose upon me. s, .Bat wben any man. or body of men, seek to, plant , that instltu tion or any other .on my soil, or where I have the legal right, to speak,. I wlU then exorolse the prerogative , of a freeman And when this ia attempted by force or by fraud, when . it is manifested In aa utter disregard and profound contempt for the popular will, that, or .itseir, will induct me to resist it to the last., . - " This is a Uv "to me lad tb?re Ii do other sound law of liberty to exercise all my rights in their fullness, and to grant the same measure of power to my neigh bor. The application of this rule of ac tion is not only good for individuals, but equally so for communities . and . States. It is a golden rule; it is a pure constitu tional ' rule. 0 The North must regard all the rights of the South, and the South must regard all the rights of the North in the States and ' in tho TnritorJes-'-r throughoat the broad ' land for neither wears a panoply , against the assaults of the other. ' There are. two classes of per sonshowever, who, in a marked manner. interfere with this course '. of conduet. They are those who deny and those , who grant all demands made, whether' jqst or unjust. Extremists in the South, iudcring all northern men to be of the former alass. designate them as enemies and Abolition ists: and certain northern politicians look ing upon a few. northern' Democrats as a type of the whole, have declared Demo cracy to be the ally of slavery. ;; Both cannot' be right, and I believe that they are equally wrong; Denying, as ! do, the charge that Democracy has entered .Into a league with slavery, 'I am yet willing to admit, as I have said, ' the existence of a few northern confederates with it. I do not believe them able to exercise much' power, wnaievcr taeir uispusiuoo. . 1( II snail prove otherwise in their action npon the present question, 1 must leave to them the responsibilities of a. course destructive) bt the effective force of Our party organiza tion. i ;'; 1"'i::"f';' :', J r. " I think I may, with' great truth, say that the enactment of the law organizing' the Territories of Kansas kiid Nebraska, including the repeal' of the Missouri com promise, was not,' originally, a popular movement atnfae North. . It was regarded with suspicion, and believed to bo impo litic if not unjust Mr. Buchanan him self, by expressing the wish, In his Read ing letter, that that Hue should be extend ed to the Pacific ocean, gave to the com promise a sanctity Or popular itr addition al to that derived from thirty-foar years acquaintance; and when its contemplated destruction was announced, it Was receiv ed with great astonishment and deep ' re gret It was honestly believed, by very many, to bo a movement to advance the peculiar interests of the Sontbat the '"ex pense of those for whose benefit the terri tory north of tho lino had been dedicated to freedom. The doctrine of popular sov ereignty by which it was - accompanied, made it at ffrt but tolerable, 1 though, eventually, paUtable.1 Could the future history of Kansas have then' been read, as it baa since 1 transpired to.' this moment; the repeated frauds and usurpation prac ticed and imposed upon -ber' people; her agouizingaad fruitless cries fori justice5, the cruel and crushing sympathy of high Federal officers with her Appressora;' her appeal for free iastitutiois derided -by ruffiansand slavery fastened upon her- in bold defiance of her rights; ' Oocld ' all this have been foreseen, the northern advocate of that legislation could not have breast ed for a single moment the withering tor nado such wrongs wonld 1 have ' raised against him. These unjust consequences, not naturally flowing from the legislation spoken of, have been tolerated then,' why should they be now? Have we an over plus of poll tioal ' power which ' should in duce us ' to carry so exhausting a bardeh with patience? 1 Once taken up by the party they would cling to it like tne Man of the Monntain to the back of the sailor, choking it and sinking it to the earth. It ia too soon for ns to forget -what over powering-strength we bronght to the polls in 1852, ' and the means yes,u sir, the meaaa by which it waa recklessly fritter ed away before 1856. A1 o ' Mr.i Chairman, I am npon; a 1 point 1 feel deeply, and if I shall express myself with' warmth and deuision J must be par dOnea'v As long as I am Capable of ap preciating truth, I can never lend myself to' attempt now beiag made,1 with b.lgh 'sanc tions, to undermine tha foundation apon which the modern7 territorial' legislation rests, and to falsify pledges npon the faith of whloh the last presidential election waa accomplished. The ' vital principle, the soul of the 1 Nebraska-Kansas 'bill, to be blasted.1 The majority are not necessari ly to rule. If I eaa read recent events at all, I learn so much from them.'" ' Let the people nnderstand thls teach thorn' the wholetruth, and than hear their response. Thiak 'you the1 mighty ' millions of the North, the East, and the west will be qui eted aa children by baubles?' Will' they allow legislation to be edastrned one way to-day, and enforced bj'' different way te morrow? In abort, will -they aabmlt al ways, io ataka npoa a - fama whTa they never cah win? If they are ao Lerably made up, ao : destitute of Teal sinhood, they are only fit to be the ;"whlte slaves" of whom,, wa havi ceulonally heard aid from my soul I pity them- !tkl mm of freeman ., fiU then oov.but (hangt. apon thea PV".iT .t-- ---tf a.r v -t . I., ."Like a giant's robe , , . , . -, i i S , , Upoa a dwarfish thtol.; , " . : My course ia ray own ethera areuot an swerable for (t; and I would not Inapllcate them in ray action if 1 could. But . I will resist every attempt; no matter from vhat quarter It may come, to Inflict a usnotUm npon tha people of Kansas? when tha bw gaarantlea them ' liberty; if to) Impinge" npon ma promiiea - tne uecooracy ooi npon themselves to make fa tug Ult pres iAtl tfaiapalfw, ' ".' ... The reeoamendation " in 1 the message goes out as "a forlorn hope'' against whet nas heretofore been supposed to be the strongly intrenched doctrine of popular sovereignty. What will the country dp is the" question! ' Will it defend thi great principle' in the hour of its severe trial? Or will it allow tho right of self-guyer'n- ment to be successfully assaulted? Hai it already' become an obsolete, a woru-put thing? But two years ago I expressed the opinion that ' those most prominently in strumental ia causing the Democratic par ty to be pledged to maintain the doctrine of popular sovereignty, in the organiza tion of our Territories, would deeply re gret it. I never doubted that it would operate against the gtowth of the South. On the 19th of March. 1856, when insist ing upon 'an investigation into alleged election frauds in Kansas, I had occasion to Use these words: 1 : , - , i e 'Sir, tlie supporters o( that bill j"tli'e Nehrss-, ka Kansas bfllj aire proclaimed to the. nation' that the Territories of the United 8ttea are -to' conatitnte "a fair, field,",, and that there U to be a "free fight", there, between the North and the Seath, to deoide whether slavery or free dom shall rnle thami." If tha enera-r. tha en terprise, the active modes of life, tho available capital, and the nacebers of the North, shall; not be. able to eempete snooesafnllj with their oppesites in the loath, and, secure freedom to the TerrfterJea; then I will admit that there is a vitality and a power in slavery which we of the North .have j never dreamod ..of. lu, my opinion tho Representatives of tho South in the Thirty-Third Confress 'have sown the Are, and they will gather' lire into their own gar- nors."' ,ri.'CJ W v-.Te'-g it r:r r.;:; n I ) The prediction is fulfilled; for now, like Pyrehe the - Iberian ' princess, they fly in fear from' thoir own child; it is a serpent, and pursues them. ' The day of repent aace has come npon them' machJ sooner than I anticipated. - Instead; of decades, it has required bat brief months to incolate the lesson which should never be forgotten that weakness cannot' long triamph over strength, nor minorities, in this free land; trample- own majorities. " lr what wo have esteemed the great troths of repub lican government are not a sheer He, then squatter sovereignty, adequately protect ed, will give the virgin lands ef our Con federacy to the free white man,1 and tiet the negro elave. This Is now seen,'' and sovereignty is not to bo protected; it is to be crushed out; by nn warrantable, ' illegal interferance.lt is to be crushed but; 1 and tho hitherto pliaut North is" expected to acquiotce. - 'If it submits, be it So. I will never) '-'no, neverl :i x ' V Y- "- ' (A southern writer in Do Bow's Weekly Press exhibits in a striking light the im perative necessity resting upon the South to make; Kansas a slave State. . It is de clared to be. the necessity arising from self- presarTKiiuB, .uu aucu aa ; originates ine highest law, HI read an extract from the article referred to, of the date of January I, 1853;, . , i- U: .;r.i .i Tbe anrrender of Canaaa to tho operation of the majority, vale,, mode? the ry of popular sovereignty in the Territories, without consti tutional warrant, anq her absorption by the Oon-slaveholding power of the oouatry,' would masethe evil of the times no longer prospeo tive, but instant and imminent. ;;By. the mot of thia aurrander, tho South would beoome subordinant,nd the . North predominant, (n the Union. Hover again, ia the Union,' eeuid the equilibrium of State sovereign representa tion between the South and tho North bo eith er maintained in or restored to the .Senate. Never again, in the Union, eould the equality of the South with the ortn be either main iained in or restored to the Ileuse' of Bepresen tativeo. No farther barrier could be oonstrnet- ed between either the aggressive territorial or political rapacity of the North, and the weak ened and diminished South.. No ' other bul wark could bo raised to guard either the moral o social integrity or thesoath against the dis routing and destructive legal and aoeial ays terns or the riortn. Tne noutn, like Heotor bound to the car of Achillea, would soon be dragged by the triumphant North around a ruined possesaien, quiokly to be followed bv the erasivo plowshare of tho invading eon Tae loss o( a,anaas xo mo erontn woulo in volve the lose of Misaaurli and the leas of Mis souri would destroy the moral aa well as polit- toat prestige or tne ooatn, ana invade the in tecrity of their tnstitntiona. - Tho moral area- tige of itaUe, like that of .individual, ease destroyed, no earthly power ean restore; and the tatearity of tao eatablishments. like the ohastlty of woman, once subjected to invasion, oontlnnee at tho will of tho deapoUer. With abolltloaisod Kansas oovorlng her -western boundary, whilst there poured into her bosom, through Iowa and .Causae, from the more Inhos pitable lake and northern ' Atlantic regions, a oentianeus atreata of agrarian radicals of any and all parties la those regions, alike aetermia- ed to obtal i control of her govarnmaat. and to assert tho rule of the majority in tha line of emancipation,' slave property la Mluourl would boot me roe precarious ia its tenure to bo hold- on, and tho acoeaeity for its aalo or removal would at once arise t It may , bo oonAdeatly asserted that, . under these elroumstanoee, in five years Missouri would oeaae to be a slave holding State." Already, ia view of the anU olpated result, AboUUon Journals have been started laallMearl, and eaadidaUa for Con greaa have nnrarled the banner of omaaeiua tion. Now tho loss of Mtssoori to the South would involve tho loos of tho Creek and Cherokee domain, tho Choctaw and Chlekaaew domain, New Mexico, aud Arisona, whtoh otherwise eold bo sawed to tho alaweholdlng interests of the country, and tho harmonious eaunturiam of the Union. It is knows that the Creeks and Chorokees number from thirty to fort v theasaact rree mnamtants, hewing at least Un t ata a . thoasana negro aiavea, ,'i ae racu as to the Choptaws and Chtckasawa sUnd In a similar ratio.' The whtte man's blood ia both nations predexalaatea, atrohaly coloring oaah with tho white u menUKlorau and oxpmsioas. They have ach a racular govornmant, with dlstinet executive, Judicial, aad legislative do partmants. with a general common sohoel sys .Van; with, Christie churches established la man directions, and.wlth the arts of agrioul tare and meohanloa oouslderablr dex-eloned. J roh Js gradually taanarino to enter the Union 1iM.f-ltfHtf Xtf : )nt, wjt tbtll- ised atant as and lfissoari along their northern,' liuitts, the' fioediratcfX 'would be thrown opoa ' ihreojh which the abolition tide would we)w with. roUll nergie8, .drivlug. beforo It, w;t overwhUning in its deiUge,. alike .the hjbrldir Indian" and the negro' slave,' thus ultimately adding both'domains to the colossal power of rT tho Norths .NW.Mexiao-and ArUoaa Waild'5 now be .thrown , Wtween tho 'Xreo-soll1 States f formed out . of the territories of th Creeks, -Cherokees, Choctaws, and Uhlekataws, ot tto oast,',thfireo-aoili State of California ow tk wi, aud: the free AateS' of Uwxiow on ti, aoatlu! . Negro slave pt?prtyf however ; iwtls 1 ously desired; ,!n neither could bo held lor etc day, and they, too, would inevitably go to swell -the bestriding power and monstrous trese,l( ttona orthw North. -i' Ki;-j t4 1h a.T - S Bat; Mir.' Chairman, f Wish" ttj--ty particular ahd! precise fir my objections to that part ' of the President's messare'1 to which I have made reference. ' and ' to!t the admission of Kansss into' the TJnien'" on the Lecotoptoa 'cOnstitutieaJ 1 They arise-' tutd J ?.w u,'si'.if.i : 1 1 PfMlii 'Pram' .Kkn-W 'Ue policy- and-'ttfeasuro to ija-hat' taa' tii7 called the great renblica prIncipIo'c tl' Nebraska-Kansas biir: and '?. aHU! Second: From the attempt 'maklna violate the prishtod faith of the Dmooraw J )e party-' !'J:s.-vir:f-"Hi'ivc-; ift. The tree intent and meanlhg' tf ttV"; act organizing the Territory of " Kaniif5" is declared to be to ' loave', thet- people v,;t thereof perfectly free to form and rtsnlxit0 1 their domestic iastituiio&s in ' tkeir ox'7 way." This language wbald'aeem J nnequivocafk be overcome ly; tke 'noH-; . abstruse diplomatist, or' .the)' most' hair apiittiag , politieiari.'1 ;'Ko dOBbt,"""?1' suggestv is allowed to remain as to Mtki' 3 true intent and meaning ' of c the nici.ct meat. It waeto give fuIV perfeci; Mr?5' stricted sovemlgaty to the people of Eti5 1 saa. It is thia righV thai clearly "'tfrtir'i to them, the Inhabitants of the ' TrriUrjf 9 F sew; claim; nothln mora ; notL!i"-. ' less; - 'irv1' -! ri ::t;':;V. ;c..;i... v .But I understand tha Preaiont to txy" 4 that they are careless about all oiestioza to be settled by their fundamental law, ex-TJ cept the aiagle baa of aegro 'alavery. Who conferred apon this oCcor tio thority to speak ao confidenUy :fx:',ti."i-5 people of Kansas? ' Sorely Cohrasa rl u or did; Tor - they havov bj'mi nnripszlik-"1' law, vested all power ia the people -fjne; if and If the people' have intrusted hla nOv an agency, it ia proper beshonld show tlx warraat.' -'This; moatYnnfortanatoly; iaa4-. of coarse moat anintontionaUy1, tonx t:J indorse and sustain ' that wgaaixed, tya-J tematio attempt, long iaaistod iporr a,sl' parse vered in, to' etifia ' the 1 popnlar'-Yc'.! i in tne Territory.ahd toeast Us goveraaxlt 1 Into the hands Of those havl$ bv idH of risrht to exercise it - -Froo mMmtiMt' is not to be allowed, bemaso",tbo ,-iec!i win uot consult too wiBooff oi - toe Jrlttl district, nor accept' institutions attam? to oo lorcea on tnem rrom aSd.- . vli0 language of the President U ''somoa'kiV10 peculiar, and, to my mind siajalarly ki-ri sound. He says: ' .'; ; i-.v:fii Tho oonvention were net bound Vrim i the terms of the Nebraska-tanaaa biai aoyf sunmit any otaer portion of the inatramoaVi the constitution to an election, oxoept that1 7 . which relatea to the doineatio institution f; slavery. This will be Tendered clear by a aim ' 1 pie referonoo to ita languago.. U wao-aot to , legislate slavery Into anyt Territory ir tatx i " nor to esclude it therefrom, but to loav tiat'i people thereof perfectly free to formaci re-.- t . ulato their domestic iaatitationa iatheirowa, r " way..' Aocording to tho plain-onatruetia at'' . the sentence, the worda sleaaertio institutions have a direst, as they have an appropriate raff It erence toalavefy, .'Oomestio iastitutiona1 are- limited to the family; , The relation" hetwweV .-, master and elave, and a few others, are demee ; tio institutions and are entirely distinct from-! Institutions of a political character: Bosldoa, v' there waa no question -then -belmCragrt.H nor indeed 'has .there siaoor boon- any seriovt' question before thoi people of Eaaaaa or tivit ountry, except that which' relatea to the do-" '-' meaUo institution of .alavory.nr j.t'iiiti.-tM9 --'-. - All the obligaUona whloh - ratted ' 'iV'1 tha Lecosaptea eohvention tov tabtlj"5 s 1 their constitutionto an electiOn,,,:l.o' aatl. somes to be derived from the aet'of Cc".,t:' ' grese. Ho contends that "domestic K stitotions,1 being 'synony mots with t!xtU very, it is therefore not required kointt1 any other matter to. the popular ' doci n Let us test thia remarkable view y krry ing1 It to Hi coaaoqueaoea. t If tdantuij' institutleas" mean merely alavery, ika is clear that the power given to tha poo pie "to form: and regulate their dome;.!!1 institatieas in their owa way. eoofettl3 only the power-no foimXand. rrlate,riw slavory "ia their own way," But 'tlli' coaoluslea would prove too (tttl1 aa aU- aurdlty rortta aareoates to prc:t by.: Tt."v policy of the Government with refsreSce to alavery ta the Territories, wtt izt:-i;l,n -t to ba permanently settled by C IT.".rr. 'M' ka Kansas bUl,giTiay ttlba C. -i s' of complete aoverelraty over C C.: : l- itltUoni. All power to lt;Ulata a t. lf subject of slavery waa dealei to Ccrr.. and given to tho people of t "tawdry va 30 Congresai declared it waa. 'l ' ' fThoUae intent and meaning of that ioVaeV1''5'' -to legislate slavery lata any Territory or EUJh13' 1 4 nor to oral ode It therefrom, but to loare tltecisca people thereof jverfoetly free to remand reja? Jsy lata their domettlo lnrtltntions ia their ewta '"At I read It,, and ai" aeonniry V!r Ihna tmf' lntritrea.-I 1 ilftv uls? iiS' ivt w ub uviviiuiuiiuua vi vuo people vl , the Territory Just 01 off the , et ef 3 , domiti tMtitutifiiU:"1 1 Indeed tie wbc,'!"5 argument for'tiie If crislatioa rtfcrrt i 't'o.44! proceeded upon thet grottudy' Th'ej, Ct y' people, were'to have1 their lattUutlont Ii'! ' A?-'-. ' their own wey-eZr : their Ustltntlona. Their jtower tras not Urge or tlttUsUrJ t 1 it--' 1 .