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w n ' "ii T--Ti i ,-r... -- -i i'"-.r.7'V n ! i ii . i. , ,i -
: rrnfi'iTTn airwirn n rirT
6, iiA.'Hi tJiV;y
v. 'J ' i'i -f .-.1
& Mk Mth$$tytxrtMt) to lolttics, i,om$ anb "gomcslic cJcit)S; Btf raturt , ds anb crentts; tacation;: oriculiitrt, Mitrluls;; amtiscmejit; &ci
v HOBBIS & WILLIAMS, Publishers and Proprietors - ; ' ;
.:'. ' ' - : .. .i hn . .. '', ! ,.'Yi , : (i jx - : ,! f.-. ' '.'II. " "
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING
VOLUME XIY, " .
WOODSFIELD, MONROE COUNTY, OHIO; FEBRUARY 17, : 1858.
.' NUMBER U9v
I 'J.': jr.- M. j iO
- 1 .1 .
n i rm iv a f n '0 a n
: el,i .vw.::V . v. k .- .J - '--ro:. :- y -
S ' 0 f
1U i i
" DO THEY MISS ME? '
..r.;iV t i-i- " ;""
B Uiy At horn f D thy Win mf
;Tw9al4 b ta uiaraiiM aoif dm, '
T kmw t thlt msment iiim U?d t
1 f ... it
iViM thinking f an Irwit It" "
J To know that ina mill at bonn.i'-'i
hn twiltfht pprackt, th uuta j ,
, Pot on rapaat nam otw
An4 iigh that I Utrj longt , i!
Ab4 ia thera a ohorcl tn h mualii, .yn . ; j .
,Ti tt?,?4 ifban wy Volo it awayf i j .
Aa4 a chard in aah haart hat awakatk nv
.Bafratat mj waarUoma ataj t -iytusK
. t't. . ; JsV.;' J -'! 5.'i 7"'
. ikay plaea ma a chair at tha fahla, .
When araning'i homa plaaiuraa are njh,
And tha lampt ara lit in tha parlor, ,.ti , ..
And atara in tha ealin ainra akyf
Ani whan tha "Goad Nights? are rapeatad,. .
And each lay hlaialf down to lep, ,., .-. .
Za thaj think of tha abiant and waft nf '
A whiapered "Qaod Night" e'er the deepf .
. . .' 1 ' , . ' " -i ', ,i . . ...
Da they talis me at heme? Do they tn.'st ma f
At'nvervJDg; at noon, and at'nlghtf '
And linger one gtoemy shade round ihem ',
That only my preaenee can light f ' ' ' " ,
Are' jaya Use Inritlagly weleome, ! ' " ' ; !
Are pleasnrea lata hailed than before, " .
Beoaase one la mlasad from the otrele? '',
' . Beeaose I am with tuexn'no merer ;':''' '
Ohyeal they misa me I Kind .vetoes
Areoalling me back at I roam, r
, And eyes are grown weary with weeping, .
And watch but to weleome me heme. ,
Kind friends, ye shall wall me no longer;
" 111 harry me back o'er the seas ; ;
For hew ean I tarry when followed '
By watching and prayer snch as these. - '
;TX3, WETB MISSED TUBE." ,
We do aa?a thee at homo. Yesl we're missed thee
Si nee the honr we bade thee adle-u; :
: Aad prayers hare encircled tby pathway,
Frottaazions hearts leriag andtrae, 4
That the Barionr wonld gnlde and protect thee
As far from the loTed ones yon roam'j -,
And whisper, whene'er thou wort saddened,' '
' They miss thee am. miss thee at hoine. . '
:. .ir.;.; :,,:. o iu;' ..c:il'
When morning awakes ns from slnmber; J ,v.
" We cateh from he Hps the grsl Uls, .i
And fold 1 a waadring sephyr i
T? bo wafted to him whom wo miss;
Ap-i when we hare Joined the home eirole, '
And replaced the still Taoant chair,
In eaeH eye ia a gathering tear-drop, '
For him we ware wont to see there ' - .'
The shadows of evening are falling;
' 0! where is the wanderer now? i
The broese that floats lightly around me, ; ,
Ferehanoe may soon visit his brow; , ; , ,
0, bear on thy bosom a message - . '.
We are watching Oh, why wilt thon roam?
' The heart has grown lad and dejected, -:,
For wo miss thee all miss thee at home! .
Thy smile seemed the sweetest, the dearest,
. Thy Voioo ever thrilled threngh the heart,
And thy glance cast amaglo spell o'er ns, '
That made every sorrow depart.
Phallwe soon meet again may wo welcome
Those tokens within thy dear home, '
And rtud thee by loreV deep affections,' '
Bo pledge ns again ne'er to roam? '' . ' "
Then haste to thy home, dearest brother, . .
. With trembling impatlenoe we wait, , i.
To clasp thee again to oar bosoms, , ;. j .
Andbear thee thy wandering relate;
Thau kape, will arise bright, ouolouded, ; v.
And lev's varest sanheama exolte, .i . '
When the kindly romembere4tho absent,
EhaU again to the homo elrclennlte. .. 4 ,i
Old Hcshnds and Yeung Wives,
I wn n'ol4 fooU ' Tei wti w
old fool-, that's, all thtrt U ' aboat It; ' I
oogiit It ha7i known bettir) iAi wti riot
to UaboY' po thing! she U. but child
jftj and thai baublei pleased hor arob.
ttona mother'! ' It wtt not tho old
nan bat bit wwntf hit meiwy I wight
ba?t known H. May and - Dooombor
JJ7 nnd Dtembr pihawl how could I
tarn ' balJcTtd : that Uarj '- Terry
eouIiA)M an old (allow, Ilka mf" and
tlark TTara lUTtytd hlraiolf In tha largt
SmI it raflaota a portly old man ' of
!xty, wjtb ruddy face, mow whlta hair,
Aud ayaa froo which: tha light of youth
Mi Iobj giaoa dapartad.' And yat thara
U fira 4a' tha 'old nan'i valna tooj ' aea
bow ha atridaa aerota tha' earpat, ajaon
latin;, with frtih ' amphaila, "Y h was
an old fool and old rooll Dot ' I will
b kind to bar j Vm not tha man" to ty
raalt ortr a younp? girt beoaQia 'bar
ootb:r took bar ont of tha onmry to
oaza car my wifa. I aaa bow It - fa not
U rtzzzz for a young rlrlUka bar toiatay
csttatsd!y it 'botna with l my froity
Uxi zxi couty ;fit. i Poor liult Uaryl
27o-rI1I ot punlib hw baoaaaa aha
etESCt lota mej aho ahall bata -'What' aha
wtnU, and go whera aha llkeij her1 moth
r la only too prond to trot her out, as the
wife of tha rich Mark Ware. If that will
pake them both happy let them do it j
rziy be and Mark Ware pauiod "moy
bt, ;r aha , haa eeen. what that Dead
: f--l-rtha. world H M
frf,l tpcjo kirt lW tba , old ? man a
little- iaybe who knowef '! Ifb woman
who is believed in, and well treated ' evor
makes a bad wife; there never was "a bad
wife; t)ut there was a bad '' hasbaqd Jtrit;
that's pospel Marks gospel,' anyhow,
aftd Mark Ware is going to act npen 1t.
Mary shall go to the ball to night with
her mother, and I will stay at home and
nurse my r,p'atience and my. gouty leg.-r-There'i
no etil in her; she's as purf as 't
lily; aid if she 1 wants to see - the ' world,'
why she shall v see 'it: and though I
canVgo dancing round with her, I never
win aim ner urifai eyes no no no
ol ; !'-'' ! M;' '''
, ThatiIl do', Tiffy; ' another " pin 1 In
this lace1; now more that rose in 'my ' hair
a little to the left; so that will do." '
' "That witt "do." "Tame praise for that
small Grecian head, with Us crown of
braided tresses; for the full, 'rooad ' throat
and snowy, " sloping Bhoulders; for the
round, ivory arms, and tapering, rose tip
ped fingers; for the lovely 'bosom' and
dainty : waist. ' Well might such beauty
dazile lark Ware's eyes, till he failed to
discern the distance between May and
December.1- ' -V - ' -
Mark Ware bad rightly read 'Mary.
She Was guileless and pure, as he had
said;' and,- child as she war, there was
that in her : manner before - which the
most audatious- eye would bare shrank
abashed.' 1 ".:'
When the.young bride first realized
the import of these words she had been
made to utter, Hill death do part ' ns,'
she rooked forward with shuddering hor
ror at the long weary, monotonous years
before. 'Her homo seemed a -prison and
Mark Ware the keeper And sltfe chaffed
and fretted ia gilded fetters, while her
reatless heart eried out 'Anywhere but
home.' .Must she sit there in her prison
house, day after day, listening only to the
repinings of her own troubled heart?
Must the bee and the butterfly alone be
frea to revel in the sunshinef Had God
made her beauty to fado in the stifling at
mosphere of darkened parlors, listening
to, the complaints of querulous old agef
Every pulse ef heart rebelled. How
coald ber mother have thus , sold berf
How could Mark ' Ware so 'onmagnani-
ftusly i have accepted the - compulsory
sacrifice? .' Why not have shown her the
world,, and let her choose ; for herself?
Oh. anywhere, .anywhere, from - such a
home! . vi ii. -.it-i.r- m r.
There was nQ lack of invitations abroad
for Mary had flashed acrAs. tho fashiona
ble horzn like, v, some bright - comet,
eclipsing all the reiguibg-beauties. No
ball, no party, no dinner, was thought to
be a success, without 'ber. Night, after
night found her enroute to some gay as
semblage. " To her own aatdufshment and
her . foolish - mother's great delight, - her
husband never remonstrated on the con
trary, she often found upon her .dressing
table some choice little ornament which
he had provided for the occasion; and
Mary, as she fastened it In her hair or
bosom, . would say bitterly, He is anxious
that I, like the other .appendages of his
establiahroent, hould reflect credit on his
faultless tastel', lh,'; lj, .
Mistaken Ms'ry. '.'''.'''.'.'.'. -'v.",,'.'.-
: ; Time passed, , on.. Mark .. Ware was
'patient,' as he -promised himself to be
His evenings were not so lonely now, for
his babe kept hini company, the reprieved
nurse was only too glad to escape to her
pink ribbons and a 'chat with John ' at
the back gate.', It waa a pretty sight-
Mark and the babe,, Old age aud in.
fantry are always a touching sight togeth
er. not a smue or a pioua passed over
thatlittTe faee that did not wake , up all
the father in Mark Ware's heart; and . he
paced the room . with It, or lulled it to
sleep on its breast, talking to it as if it
could understand the strong, . deep love
of which H was the V unconscious sub.
jeec ..; ..,;;.'..';.; ,r,
I am weary of all this,'' said . Mark's
younjf wlft, as she stepped, into, her : oar
rlaffs, at the close of, a brilliant ball.
"I am weary of scslng the same faces, and
bearing tha, same nonsense night after
night, , . X woiider if I shall aver Jove , any.
thlug or anybody r,,. Mamma la proud of
ma because I am beautiful and j rich, but
she does not love ma. Mark is proud
of rae",--and Mary's , lip ., cnrled . scorn
flilly, ' "Llfa la ao weary, and I am
only eighteen)" and Mary, sighed hear,
H , j,,.. v ... , i... i . h : ... ; .
; Oa whirled tha carriage through tha de
sererted streets, desertedsave by soma
inveterate pleasure seeker like herself,
from whom pleasure forever, flees. , Oc
casionally a lamp twinkled, from some
upper window where a half starved seam
stress sat stitching her Ufa away, or a
heart broken mother, bent over, the .dead
form of i; babe, , .which , her , mother's
heart ponld jl spare,, although aha knew
not where ta find bread for, the remain,
log babes wko wept beside her. .Now
and than a. woman lost to all that N makes
woman lovely, floqnted la , the flickering
street latpps while her, , mocklag i langh
rang , oat en he night; ;alr, f Mary shad
dared atd drew; back there waa .that in
Ita hollowneis-wblcU might t make even
deyia remhle. . Over head tha .sentinel
stars kept thoir tireless patch, and Mary's
heart grew, sofnuder their .gentle .influ
ence, and toara stole, from. beneath her
laahes, and lay, like pearls upoa bar bo
t : Woa i. need not - wait to nndresi me,M
said Mgry to the weary looking waiting
maid, . as Bhe averted her swollen eyes
from ber gaze; and taking the lamp from
her hand, Mary passed up to her eham
bor. ,' So noiseless was the fall of her
light foot upon the carpet that Mark did
not know she had entered. He sat; with
his back to tha door, bending over - the
cradle of bis child, till his white snow
locks touched its rosy .cheeks: talking
tojt as though to beguile his loneli-
ess" ; . . . .... ".
. ."Mary's forehead' Mary's . eyes Ma
ry's mouth; no more like your old father
than a rosebud is like a chestnut burr.
You will 'love the lonely bid man, little
one; and; perhaps th$ will, by and r by;
7ho knows?" . and Mark's voice trem-
tied. ; ', . . v..
""She will she doesl" said Mary drop
ping on her knees' at lho - cradle of her
child, , and burying . her - face ia. Mark's
hands; "my noble, patient husbandl" . '
"You don't mean' that?.;' said Mark
holding her off at arms length, and ; look
ing at her through a mist of tears; ' "you
don't mean that yon will love an old . fel
low like me? God bless you, Mary God
forever bless you? I have been very very
lonely,'" and Mark wept for sheer happiness.'-
The gaping world, far-sighted world,
tho. charitable, world, shook its wise
head,' when the star of fashion became
a fixed star. , . Some said . her health must
be failing; others, .that 'her husband bad
become jealous at last;' while old .sta
gers maliciously insinuated that it was
wise to retire on fresh laurels. But
none said what we say that a true
woman's heart may always be won ay
and kept, tob-f by any husband who
does not consider it beneath him to step
off the pedestals of his 'dignity' to learn
Joe Smith's Family at Nauvoo.'
A correspondent to the Mittouri jRepub.
lican writes that last Summer .he waa at
Nauvoo, and conversed with Mr. Bitoman,'
who is married, to Joe Smith's widow.
He says: ., ; . .:, ,
: I sat at the table with the family, con
sisting of Mr. Bitoman and wife, and three
sons of Joe Smith, the eldest about 23 or
24; the second about 20; the third a lad
of some 12 or 13 years, From Mr, Bito
man I learned that not , one of the family
believed in Mormenism,- and that his wife
-formerly Mrs. Smith had always been
opposed to them, as well as the boys, ! :1
told that Joe Smith prophesied some two
yearsbefqre this young lad was born, that
a son. was to be. born to him, at ar about
a certain time; that at the time stated his
wife did give birth to a son. ..At that; time
he also stated; that his son's name would
be David (not Joe),, and that ia the name
of the lad, for . I heard him answer to it.
Joe also said that his mantle of greatness
and prophecy wonld fall upon his son and
lineal heir, David, who he staled would be
as wise and powerful - as David of old.
The fact of the birth of this, child, fol
lowing, according to Joe's prophecy,
strengtened the belief that had already so
strong a hold upon his followers. Mrs.
Bitoman is a masculine, intelligent-looking
lady, of 45 or 47 years. She is a native
ofNewYork.? .. -,...; .: ,r
' She has a splendid farm some four miles
from Nauvoo, which is managed by her
two . eldest sons, while . David goes to
school. About the two , eldest there is
nothing remakable to be seen. . They are
intelligent men, of large size, but bare
nothiqg in their apperance betokening
them to be prophets, or "sons of a, proph
et, ''i., ,To their mother they are said to be
very much attached and very kind, t ; David
is an uncommonly inteligfnt lad,, of mas
sive forehead and bright, expressive eyes.
His step-father intmates that he cares as
little about Mormons and Mormanism as
one that haa never heard the names, not
withstanding that thousands ef the fol
lowers, of his father believe him to be a
great high prists, a prophet, ami seer (in
embroy),&o. . He knows that they wor
ship his name equal to, that of Jeans Christ;
and yet I am told, the lad is too intelligent
to allow, it to make any Impression upon
him. Probably the faot of all tha family
being unbelievers in it ia the cause. ,. t
The following incident I learned from
a gentleman residing at Nauvoq; , That
when Joe waa killed in jail, aoma fifteen
miles from his homo, his wife and son took
possession of, hia body, and, to "prevent
tha rabble from getting it, they raised. the
dining room floor, and digging a grave,
hurled his remains there, where they still
remain. The story, whether true or not, is
generally believed in Nauvoo.
!i 1 Pedagogue Well, air what doesh-a-i r
sWir,;, . '. J.
BoyT-Doknow. ,t u,.-.!( ,
Pedagogue "What have you got on
your bead? - f.'.,-, ,.j
1 Boy I guosi it's a 'ikeeter bitajt Uoh
ei like thunder.
''A rather, thick-headed witness In the
pollcecourt was asked the question wheth
er So-aad-so "stood on the defensive."
'No, air,' he innocently replied, "he stood
? S f poh'-: :-j.:rW
"'"Dont rob yourself,", aa the farmer
said, to tha lawyer who called 1 him hard
names.'1'' '- ; f.-'u i .
,. ' i ' . i . i ,',':
Why is a dead grandmother like a big
dogl . . Because she's a ' "Great , MastiflV"
; Old fojfes'want no tqton,"
KANSAS - AFFAIRS,
-P.-.v; -.ii ..SPEECH:OP. -x; .;:T-:
; Mi HICKMAN, of Pa:., V
Delivered in the ffouei of Representatives,
.tu-yKU-vJmnuary 28, 1858.": '
I should not have ; sought the floor at
thia time, but for, the fact that silence
would leave my views liable to an unpleas
ant misconstruction.', I was an early, earn
est, and sinceie advocate of Mr. Buchan
an's election to the 1 Presidency of the
United States,1 believing that his elevation
would largely' promote the present peace
and lasting welfare of my country. - His
life had been a public one, and his charac
ter was - that' of an 'educated statesman
and a just man.1' 1 esteemed him aa emi
nently worthy of the - largest confidence
and warmest regard of the American peo
ple, as I could uot doubt bis administra
tion would alide reflect his wisdom, expe
rience' and ' nice1 appreciation of justice;
and that under it the rights of the people,
of all the people, would be scrupulously
regarded. I did not expeet infallibility in
his management of public affairs, and do
not now expect it; and when I shall meet
with what, I may: regard as error, I trust
to be pardoned for . the: frankness with
which Iy shall always proclaim my opin
ions. . . . ...
' Until I heard the annual message read,
1 had expected to be able to yield to its
doctrines an honest and decided support;
but from tts Kansas policy I must strong
ly dissent. I am nuable to give it my
support. . I regret' exceedingly the ten
dency of the Executive recommendation,
which, to my mind, is to place the Presi
dent in a position of antagonism to the
majority in Kansas. . It leads to an issue
between . power on the one hand, and the
people on the other.; In such a case, I
never can hesitate in determining whose
cause I shall espouse, or what verdict I
euclit to render. I am not unmindful of
the fact that the former, is quite as likely
to triumph with the wrpng .as the latter
with the right; aud that the ambitious may
well hesitate when resolves on success are
to decide for whom to do battle. , . The
great influence of executive patronage,
the full extent of , executive power in this
country is but feebly comprehended, j . We
are apt to underrate it. vastly. If unscrn-
pulously exercised, it becomes a. crushing
despotism, ... as ..lBdcfensible; as yuit con
trolled by the greatest ; of. tyrants com
binations can seldom resist it, individuals
never.. .But, thet.e considerations, clearly
as they, have presented .themselves to my
mind. can never muuee rae to espouse a
political heresy. v.,-i!j; 5 v-:.. -,'.-.;; fi
. But the great, danger, surronnding our
institutions does not so much arise from
a want of public virtue as general Intel
ligence,., . Few outside of publio life watch
narrowly the conduct of iheir pnblic ser
vants, and feWor. still are anniciently con
versant with the machinery ' of Govern
ment clearly to comprehend thejbearing of
particular acts.. If, it were -otherwise,
high officers of Government would be less
powerful for evil, and public rights more
practically defensible, ltt therefore,, at
any time, resistance to a gross and unpar
donable outrage uppn an admitted prjnci
pie, shall prpye unavailing, let not the
offense, on that ..account, ; be baptized and
sanctified; let it rather be an evidence of
the troth of my declaration, and a warn
ing to those who are an willing to part
w,ith the sovereignty. of the citizen., r
i . My opposition to the President's treat
ment of Kansas affairs does uot arise from
hostility to slavery; it stands upon a foun
dation, he strength of which will be more
generally admitted I rest my resistance.
upon the violation of declared principles,
of solemn pledges, and, the guarantees to
the nation. t To ask me to sanction them,
with my views, is to insult me ; byanspi
ciona of my , integrity. Others, maj act
differently, it is not my province to - judge
them.,.;, 7, ;-;K.', V j '(,:) l-;,?St t
ill-.' ''.i-i' . may stand alone,-, m.i.
But would net change my free thoughts for a
throne." . , , ;
r I am not blind to tha fact that a very
different mo ive will be assigned for my
action, i i have too often seen It attribut
ed to others,, not to anticipate it in my
own ca8e.t But it has beoome a stale ory,
and. 4 thluk, roust soon prove a barren
one. If differing from my southern friends
on any point which Immediately or re
motely affects the interests of slavery must
subject me to anathema, so be It; I must
bear up under, it; I cannot deny my con
vlctlons that I may receive a charitable
judgment., , . Lw-.-v .. a.,
. I do not oppose slavery where It legal
ly exists, . It is there, a matter between
the master and the slave; It concerns them
alone; and J will not interfere with it or
them... I yield a ready alleglanee to our
common Ooastltntlon, and will anpport
all the lawa made under It as long aa they
remain In force, to whatever subject they
may relate, or whatever burdens they way
impose upon me. s, .Bat wben any man. or
body of men, seek to, plant , that instltu
tion or any other .on my soil, or where I
have the legal right, to speak,. I wlU then
exorolse the prerogative , of a freeman
And when this ia attempted by force or by
fraud, when . it is manifested In aa utter
disregard and profound contempt for the
popular will, that, or .itseir, will induct me
to resist it to the last., . -
" This is a Uv "to me lad tb?re Ii do
other sound law of liberty to exercise
all my rights in their fullness, and to grant
the same measure of power to my neigh
bor. The application of this rule of ac
tion is not only good for individuals, but
equally so for communities . and . States.
It is a golden rule; it is a pure constitu
tional ' rule. 0 The North must regard all
the rights of the South, and the South
must regard all the rights of the North
in the States and ' in tho TnritorJes-'-r
throughoat the broad ' land for neither
wears a panoply , against the assaults of
the other. ' There are. two classes of per
sonshowever, who, in a marked manner.
interfere with this course '. of conduet.
They are those who deny and those , who
grant all demands made, whether' jqst or
unjust. Extremists in the South, iudcring
all northern men to be of the former alass.
designate them as enemies and Abolition
ists: and certain northern politicians look
ing upon a few. northern' Democrats as a
type of the whole, have declared Demo
cracy to be the ally of slavery. ;; Both
cannot' be right, and I believe that they
are equally wrong; Denying, as ! do, the
charge that Democracy has entered .Into a
league with slavery, 'I am yet willing to
admit, as I have said, ' the existence of a
few northern confederates with it. I do not
believe them able to exercise much' power,
wnaievcr taeir uispusiuoo. . 1( II snail
prove otherwise in their action npon the
present question, 1 must leave to them the
responsibilities of a. course destructive) bt
the effective force of Our party organiza
tion. i ;'; 1"'i::"f';' :', J r. "
I think I may, with' great truth, say
that the enactment of the law organizing'
the Territories of Kansas kiid Nebraska,
including the repeal' of the Missouri com
promise, was not,' originally, a popular
movement atnfae North. . It was regarded
with suspicion, and believed to bo impo
litic if not unjust Mr. Buchanan him
self, by expressing the wish, In his Read
ing letter, that that Hue should be extend
ed to the Pacific ocean, gave to the com
promise a sanctity Or popular itr addition
al to that derived from thirty-foar years
acquaintance; and when its contemplated
destruction was announced, it Was receiv
ed with great astonishment and deep ' re
gret It was honestly believed, by very
many, to bo a movement to advance the
peculiar interests of the Sontbat the '"ex
pense of those for whose benefit the terri
tory north of tho lino had been dedicated to
freedom. The doctrine of popular sov
ereignty by which it was - accompanied,
made it at ffrt but tolerable, 1 though,
eventually, paUtable.1 Could the future
history of Kansas have then' been read, as
it baa since 1 transpired to.' this moment;
the repeated frauds and usurpation prac
ticed and imposed upon -ber' people; her
agouizingaad fruitless cries fori justice5,
the cruel and crushing sympathy of high
Federal officers with her Appressora;' her
appeal for free iastitutiois derided -by
ruffiansand slavery fastened upon her- in
bold defiance of her rights; ' Oocld ' all this
have been foreseen, the northern advocate
of that legislation could not have breast
ed for a single moment the withering tor
nado such wrongs wonld 1 have ' raised
against him. These unjust consequences,
not naturally flowing from the legislation
spoken of, have been tolerated then,' why
should they be now? Have we an over
plus of poll tioal ' power which ' should in
duce us ' to carry so exhausting a bardeh
with patience? 1 Once taken up by the
party they would cling to it like tne Man
of the Monntain to the back of the sailor,
choking it and sinking it to the earth.
It ia too soon for ns to forget -what over
powering-strength we bronght to the polls
in 1852, ' and the means yes,u sir, the
meaaa by which it waa recklessly fritter
ed away before 1856. A1 o '
Mr.i Chairman, I am npon; a 1 point 1
feel deeply, and if I shall express myself
with' warmth and deuision J must be par
dOnea'v As long as I am Capable of ap
preciating truth, I can never lend myself to'
attempt now beiag made,1 with b.lgh 'sanc
tions, to undermine tha foundation apon
which the modern7 territorial' legislation
rests, and to falsify pledges npon the faith
of whloh the last presidential election waa
accomplished. The ' vital principle, the
soul of the 1 Nebraska-Kansas 'bill, to be
blasted.1 The majority are not necessari
ly to rule. If I eaa read recent events at
all, I learn so much from them.'" ' Let the
people nnderstand thls teach thorn' the
wholetruth, and than hear their response.
Thiak 'you the1 mighty ' millions of the
North, the East, and the west will be qui
eted aa children by baubles?' Will' they
allow legislation to be edastrned one way
to-day, and enforced bj'' different way te
morrow? In abort, will -they aabmlt al
ways, io ataka npoa a - fama whTa they
never cah win? If they are ao Lerably
made up, ao : destitute of Teal sinhood,
they are only fit to be the ;"whlte slaves"
of whom,, wa havi ceulonally heard aid
from my soul I pity them- !tkl mm of
freeman ., fiU then oov.but (hangt. apon
thea PV".iT .t-- ---tf a.r v -t .
I., ."Like a giant's robe , , . , . -,
i i S , , Upoa a dwarfish thtol.; , "
. : My course ia ray own ethera areuot an
swerable for (t; and I would not Inapllcate
them in ray action if 1 could. But . I will
resist every attempt; no matter from vhat
quarter It may come, to Inflict a usnotUm
npon tha people of Kansas? when tha bw
gaarantlea them ' liberty; if to) Impinge"
npon ma promiiea - tne uecooracy ooi
npon themselves to make fa tug Ult pres
iAtl tfaiapalfw, ' ".' ...
The reeoamendation " in 1 the message
goes out as "a forlorn hope'' against whet
nas heretofore been supposed to be the
strongly intrenched doctrine of popular
sovereignty. What will the country dp
is the" question! ' Will it defend thi great
principle' in the hour of its severe trial?
Or will it allow tho right of self-guyer'n-
ment to be successfully assaulted? Hai it
already' become an obsolete, a woru-put
thing? But two years ago I expressed the
opinion that ' those most prominently in
strumental ia causing the Democratic par
ty to be pledged to maintain the doctrine
of popular sovereignty, in the organiza
tion of our Territories, would deeply re
gret it. I never doubted that it would
operate against the gtowth of the South.
On the 19th of March. 1856, when insist
ing upon 'an investigation into alleged
election frauds in Kansas, I had occasion
to Use these words: 1 : , - , i e
'Sir, tlie supporters o( that bill j"tli'e Nehrss-,
ka Kansas bfllj aire proclaimed to the. nation'
that the Territories of the United 8ttea are -to'
conatitnte "a fair, field,",, and that there U to
be a "free fight", there, between the North and
the Seath, to deoide whether slavery or free
dom shall rnle thami." If tha enera-r. tha en
terprise, the active modes of life, tho available
capital, and the nacebers of the North, shall;
not be. able to eempete snooesafnllj with their
oppesites in the loath, and, secure freedom to
the TerrfterJea; then I will admit that there is
a vitality and a power in slavery which we of
the North .have j never dreamod ..of. lu, my
opinion tho Representatives of tho South in
the Thirty-Third Confress 'have sown the Are,
and they will gather' lire into their own gar-
nors."' ,ri.'CJ W v-.Te'-g it r:r r.;:; n
I ) The prediction is fulfilled; for now, like
Pyrehe the - Iberian ' princess, they fly in
fear from' thoir own child; it is a serpent,
and pursues them. ' The day of repent
aace has come npon them' machJ sooner
than I anticipated. - Instead; of decades,
it has required bat brief months to incolate
the lesson which should never be forgotten
that weakness cannot' long triamph over
strength, nor minorities, in this free land;
trample- own majorities. " lr what wo
have esteemed the great troths of repub
lican government are not a sheer He, then
squatter sovereignty, adequately protect
ed, will give the virgin lands ef our Con
federacy to the free white man,1 and tiet
the negro elave. This Is now seen,'' and
sovereignty is not to bo protected; it is to
be crushed out; by nn warrantable, ' illegal
interferance.lt is to be crushed but; 1 and
tho hitherto pliaut North is" expected to
acquiotce. - 'If it submits, be it So. I will
never) '-'no, neverl :i x ' V Y- "-
' (A southern writer in Do Bow's Weekly
Press exhibits in a striking light the im
perative necessity resting upon the South
to make; Kansas a slave State. . It is de
clared to be. the necessity arising from self-
presarTKiiuB, .uu aucu aa ; originates ine
highest law, HI read an extract from the
article referred to, of the date of January
I, 1853;, . , i- U: .;r.i .i
Tbe anrrender of Canaaa to tho operation of
the majority, vale,, mode? the ry of popular
sovereignty in the Territories, without consti
tutional warrant, anq her absorption by the
Oon-slaveholding power of the oouatry,' would
masethe evil of the times no longer prospeo
tive, but instant and imminent. ;;By. the mot
of thia aurrander, tho South would beoome
subordinant,nd the . North predominant, (n
the Union. Hover again, ia the Union,' eeuid
the equilibrium of State sovereign representa
tion between the South and tho North bo eith
er maintained in or restored to the .Senate.
Never again, in the Union, eould the equality
of the South with the ortn be either main
iained in or restored to the Ileuse' of Bepresen
tativeo. No farther barrier could be oonstrnet-
ed between either the aggressive territorial or
political rapacity of the North, and the weak
ened and diminished South.. No ' other bul
wark could bo raised to guard either the moral
o social integrity or thesoath against the dis
routing and destructive legal and aoeial ays
terns or the riortn. Tne noutn, like Heotor
bound to the car of Achillea, would soon be
dragged by the triumphant North around a
ruined possesaien, quiokly to be followed bv
the erasivo plowshare of tho invading eon
Tae loss o( a,anaas xo mo erontn woulo in
volve the lose of Misaaurli and the leas of Mis
souri would destroy the moral aa well as polit-
toat prestige or tne ooatn, ana invade the in
tecrity of their tnstitntiona. - Tho moral area-
tige of itaUe, like that of .individual, ease
destroyed, no earthly power ean restore; and
the tatearity of tao eatablishments. like the
ohastlty of woman, once subjected to invasion,
oontlnnee at tho will of tho deapoUer. With
abolltloaisod Kansas oovorlng her -western
boundary, whilst there poured into her bosom,
through Iowa and .Causae, from the more Inhos
pitable lake and northern ' Atlantic regions, a
oentianeus atreata of agrarian radicals of any
and all parties la those regions, alike aetermia-
ed to obtal i control of her govarnmaat. and to
assert tho rule of the majority in tha line of
emancipation,' slave property la Mluourl would
boot me roe precarious ia its tenure to bo hold-
on, and tho acoeaeity for its aalo or removal
would at once arise t It may , bo oonAdeatly
asserted that, . under these elroumstanoee, in
five years Missouri would oeaae to be a slave
holding State." Already, ia view of the anU
olpated result, AboUUon Journals have been
started laallMearl, and eaadidaUa for Con
greaa have nnrarled the banner of omaaeiua
Now tho loss of Mtssoori to the South would
involve tho loos of tho Creek and Cherokee
domain, tho Choctaw and Chlekaaew domain,
New Mexico, aud Arisona, whtoh otherwise
eold bo sawed to tho alaweholdlng interests of
the country, and tho harmonious eaunturiam
of the Union. It is knows that the Creeks
and Chorokees number from thirty to fort v
theasaact rree mnamtants, hewing at least Un
t ata a .
thoasana negro aiavea, ,'i ae racu as to the
Choptaws and Chtckasawa sUnd In a similar
ratio.' The whtte man's blood ia both nations
predexalaatea, atrohaly coloring oaah with tho
white u menUKlorau and oxpmsioas.
They have ach a racular govornmant, with
dlstinet executive, Judicial, aad legislative do
partmants. with a general common sohoel sys
.Van; with, Christie churches established la
man directions, and.wlth the arts of agrioul
tare and meohanloa oouslderablr dex-eloned.
J roh Js gradually taanarino to enter the Union
1iM.f-ltfHtf Xtf : )nt, wjt tbtll-
ised atant as and lfissoari along their northern,'
liuitts, the' fioediratcfX 'would be thrown opoa '
ihreojh which the abolition tide would we)w
with. roUll nergie8, .drivlug. beforo It, w;t
overwhUning in its deiUge,. alike .the hjbrldir
Indian" and the negro' slave,' thus ultimately
adding both'domains to the colossal power of rT
tho Norths .NW.Mexiao-and ArUoaa Waild'5
now be .thrown , Wtween tho 'Xreo-soll1 States f
formed out . of the territories of th Creeks, -Cherokees,
Choctaws, and Uhlekataws, ot tto
oast,',thfireo-aoili State of California ow tk
wi, aud: the free AateS' of Uwxiow on ti,
aoatlu! . Negro slave pt?prtyf however ; iwtls 1
ously desired; ,!n neither could bo held lor etc
day, and they, too, would inevitably go to swell -the
bestriding power and monstrous trese,l(
ttona orthw North. -i' Ki;-j t4 1h a.T -
S Bat; Mir.' Chairman, f Wish" ttj--ty
particular ahd! precise fir my objections
to that part ' of the President's messare'1
to which I have made reference. ' and ' to!t
the admission of Kansss into' the TJnien'"
on the Lecotoptoa 'cOnstitutieaJ 1 They
arise-' tutd J ?.w u,'si'.if.i :
1 1 PfMlii 'Pram' .Kkn-W 'Ue
policy- and-'ttfeasuro to ija-hat' taa' tii7
called the great renblica prIncipIo'c tl'
Nebraska-Kansas biir: and '?. aHU!
Second: From the attempt 'maklna
violate the prishtod faith of the Dmooraw J
)e party-' !'J:s.-vir:f-"Hi'ivc-; ift.
The tree intent and meanlhg' tf ttV";
act organizing the Territory of " Kaniif5"
is declared to be to ' loave', thet- people v,;t
thereof perfectly free to form and rtsnlxit0 1
their domestic iastituiio&s in ' tkeir ox'7
way." This language wbald'aeem J
nnequivocafk be overcome ly; tke 'noH-; .
abstruse diplomatist, or' .the)' most'
hair apiittiag , politieiari.'1 ;'Ko dOBbt,"""?1'
suggestv is allowed to remain as to Mtki' 3
true intent and meaning ' of c the nici.ct
meat. It waeto give fuIV perfeci; Mr?5'
stricted sovemlgaty to the people of Eti5 1
saa. It is thia righV thai clearly "'tfrtir'i
to them, the Inhabitants of the ' TrriUrjf 9 F
sew; claim; nothln mora ; notL!i"-. '
less; - 'irv1' -! ri ::t;':;V. ;c..;i... v
.But I understand tha Preaiont to txy" 4
that they are careless about all oiestioza
to be settled by their fundamental law, ex-TJ
cept the aiagle baa of aegro 'alavery.
Who conferred apon this oCcor tio
thority to speak ao confidenUy :fx:',ti."i-5
people of Kansas? ' Sorely Cohrasa rl u
or did; Tor - they havov bj'mi nnripszlik-"1'
law, vested all power ia the people -fjne; if
and If the people' have intrusted hla nOv
an agency, it ia proper beshonld show tlx
warraat.' -'This; moatYnnfortanatoly; iaa4-.
of coarse moat anintontionaUy1, tonx t:J
indorse and sustain ' that wgaaixed, tya-J
tematio attempt, long iaaistod iporr a,sl'
parse vered in, to' etifia ' the 1 popnlar'-Yc'.! i
in tne Territory.ahd toeast Us goveraaxlt 1
Into the hands Of those havl$ bv idH
of risrht to exercise it - -Froo mMmtiMt'
is not to be allowed, bemaso",tbo ,-iec!i
win uot consult too wiBooff oi - toe Jrlttl
district, nor accept' institutions attam?
to oo lorcea on tnem rrom aSd.- . vli0
language of the President U ''somoa'kiV10
peculiar, and, to my mind siajalarly ki-ri
sound. He says: ' .'; ; i-.v:fii
Tho oonvention were net bound Vrim i
the terms of the Nebraska-tanaaa biai aoyf
sunmit any otaer portion of the inatramoaVi
the constitution to an election, oxoept that1 7 .
which relatea to the doineatio institution f;
slavery. This will be Tendered clear by a aim ' 1
pie referonoo to ita languago.. U wao-aot to ,
legislate slavery Into anyt Territory ir tatx i "
nor to esclude it therefrom, but to loav tiat'i
people thereof perfectly free to formaci re-.- t .
ulato their domestic iaatitationa iatheirowa, r "
way..' Aocording to tho plain-onatruetia at'' .
the sentence, the worda sleaaertio institutions
have a direst, as they have an appropriate raff It
erence toalavefy, .'Oomestio iastitutiona1 are-
limited to the family; , The relation" hetwweV .-,
master and elave, and a few others, are demee ;
tio institutions and are entirely distinct from-!
Institutions of a political character: Bosldoa, v'
there waa no question -then -belmCragrt.H
nor indeed 'has .there siaoor boon- any seriovt'
question before thoi people of Eaaaaa or tivit
ountry, except that which' relatea to the do-" '-'
meaUo institution of .alavory.nr j.t'iiiti.-tM9 --'-.
- All the obligaUona whloh - ratted ' 'iV'1
tha Lecosaptea eohvention tov tabtlj"5 s 1
their constitutionto an electiOn,,,:l.o' aatl.
somes to be derived from the aet'of Cc".,t:' '
grese. Ho contends that "domestic K
stitotions,1 being 'synony mots with t!xtU
very, it is therefore not required kointt1
any other matter to. the popular ' doci n
Let us test thia remarkable view y krry
ing1 It to Hi coaaoqueaoea. t If tdantuij'
institutleas" mean merely alavery, ika
is clear that the power given to tha poo
pie "to form: and regulate their dome;.!!1
institatieas in their owa way. eoofettl3
only the power-no foimXand. rrlate,riw
slavory "ia their own way," But 'tlli'
coaoluslea would prove too (tttl1 aa aU-
aurdlty rortta aareoates to prc:t by.: Tt."v
policy of the Government with refsreSce
to alavery ta the Territories, wtt izt:-i;l,n -t
to ba permanently settled by C IT.".rr. 'M'
ka Kansas bUl,giTiay ttlba C. -i s'
of complete aoverelraty over C C.: : l-
itltUoni. All power to lt;Ulata a t. lf
subject of slavery waa dealei to Ccrr..
and given to tho people of t "tawdry va 30
Congresai declared it waa. 'l '
' fThoUae intent and meaning of that ioVaeV1''5'' -to
legislate slavery lata any Territory or EUJh13' 1 4
nor to oral ode It therefrom, but to loare tltecisca
people thereof jverfoetly free to remand reja? Jsy
lata their domettlo lnrtltntions ia their ewta
'"At I read It,, and ai" aeonniry V!r
Ihna tmf' lntritrea.-I 1 ilftv uls? iiS'
ivt w ub uviviiuiuiiuua vi vuo people vl ,
the Territory Just 01 off the , et ef 3 ,
domiti tMtitutifiiU:"1 1 Indeed tie wbc,'!"5
argument for'tiie If crislatioa rtfcrrt i 't'o.44!
proceeded upon thet grottudy' Th'ej, Ct y'
people, were'to have1 their lattUutlont Ii'! ' A?-'-. '
their own wey-eZr : their Ustltntlona.
Their jtower tras not Urge or tlttUsUrJ
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